Bruce Catton Says: Beneath Boston's Shell Lie Makings of Major Scandal This l.s tuiotlicr of Bruce CiiUou's "on (our" scries, BOSTON.—If Attorney Gcncrnl Murphy goes through with his announced plan to conduct a .sweeping investigation into the senmy side of life in America s greatest cities, ho will find n Kernel deal of material to examine in Boston. """ British, Failing to Win Russia, Mav *" Turn to Jaanese her b. England Once Broke With Japs Because of U. S. Insistence NEVER HAPPY SINCE Britain, Unable to Win Alliance With U. S., Feels Insecure By I'RKSTON GROVKK E... WASHlNGTON.-It is a fair bet thai any Russo-Gci'man treaty of non-aggression will send England on a chase for H new "friend" (hat may lake her right In the door of Japan—with whom -she now is mildly at odds. If she does that, the United Slates may gel upset again at Ihe thought of having an alliance of two powerful fleets .one on cither side of us. That situation, which once existed, filled us with such alarm a few years ago that we virtually compelled England |o brc-ik an alliance with Japan with whicl- ooth had been very happy. Neither ' ..id nor Japan ha.s been cspecia 1 ppy intr-rnalionally since. 'Hint for a "friend" lo help some uprising enemy has ^ diplomatic ferment for H has been the 'big story' t situation. when your grandfather tindfalher wore worried •'boiu . in Europe, England was hunting trici.ds lo help her keep down France. She had agreements with Germany and Russia al various times t otake care of that. Then began the L-onsoldifition of the German slates into one big fa'm'ily. As adept as Eli/a crossing the Rapahannock on Ihe ice, England began lo toe-dance her way into a new arrangement. Russia RcrticmJicrs Germaany whipped France so badly thai she no longer was a danger to England. Germany became Ihe danger. By the turn of the century this situation was .so well developed that England was truly in a boil. She nev_ cr could depend on the United States as an ally, although she made every offort to keep this country friendly. First slie tried (o wangle Russia into an agreement. Russia di duot win over loo fast. She has a history of clis- iigromonts with Englantj Hint her j-ylprs do not forget. England has kepi Russia out o fthe Balkans- for more than a half century, and once went lo war about it. Recmbcr the poem about "cannons to the right of them, cannons to the left of (hem?" Those were Russian cannons the English poet was talking about. When Russia failed to co'm'e along as a friend a.s promptly as England wished, British diplomats began hunting for others. Se had France as an ally and Gcrmanay as a potential enemy. Italy was not much of a nation at the time and the United States was out of reach. Who was left? Nobody but Japan. So in 1902 England drew up an alliance with Japan pledging mutual assistance. The situation now is cut nearly to (he same pattern. And the silualion is ripening for her to find a friend in Japan. The proposed n on-aggression treaty between Germany and Russia makes the three-cornered Anti-Com- intern treaty between Germany, Italy and Japan look silly. Germany can't be both all-Russian and pro-Russian at the .sa'me time. The moment she becomes pro-Russian she becomes anli- Japancse. KiiRland Was Cautious How a renewed Japanese-British al_ liancc would affect us is problematical. Before their old treaty was very old, England insisted on attaching, tu it a provision slating that it would not obligate England to lake .sides with Japan in a war between Japan and (he United Stales. Yet in spite of Ihal provsion, (In- Uniled Stales never fell comfortable and insisted at the Washington naval conference jn Jfl;>2 dial England scrap the treaty. She did, accpeting Ihe various four-power and nine-power rteal- ics as a substitute. Those treaties art- dead since England saw to it thai they never were enforced against Japan. It IwgiiiK no win appeear why. England never burns a bridge behind her. CO Sober, staid and decorous on Ihe surface, Boslon contains all the makings of a first-class senwition. A legislative committee is now investigating handling of pardons and paroles The Jjnipc-vino report is that its findings will nocessilate n special .session of the legislature before the year is over. Inlcrnal revenue bureau agents are working more or less in liaison with the committee, looking for income tax irregularities. Rolilicr'.s Parole Spurs Prolie This investigation was provoked by rclcn.se from stale's prison laic last year of Ray Patriarca, who had served approximately 80 days of two concurrent sentences of two and onc-hnlf to five years for robbery. Patriarca was known as Rhode Island's "public enemy number one" and was intimately connected with a powerful race track ring. His unexpected parole during the final weeks of the administration of Gov. Charles F. Hurley stirred the whole slate. Last May, urged on by Gov. Leverett SaltonstaJ), (he legislature created a committee to look into not only this siK;cific case but the whole mass of current ntmors about improper use of the pardoning and paroling power. There is also big-time gambling. A powerful fraternity controls race-track betting, dog-track betting and an extensive numbers or policy racket. It's total "handle" is said to reach ?50,000,000 a year or more. It is interesting to contrast (.his with the situation during prohibition, when a Bostnnian guesl at Al Caponc's Florida home asked the Chicago gangster why he didn't move in on the Boston field. Capone told him there wasn'l enough money in Ihe Boston rackets to make it worth while That, say those who are in a position to know, may have been true then but it isn'l true now. H is asscrled that the underworld has more (and richer) big shots now than it had during prohibition. One angle of this is the generally-accepted report that Boston hiis- become a key importing and distributing center for the drug racket. Oisharrcd Lawyer Makes Comeback One of the bizarre aspects of Bos- tons situation is the influence repul- celly wielded by Daniel H. Coaklcy. Conkley was once one of Ihe cily's ablcs lawyers. He was disbarred some 17 years ago for engineering a fantastic and lucrative shakedown racket. The unsavory testimony about the "blackmail ring" drove him oul of law prac- lice. II might have been expccled lo end his public career. But it didn't. Coakley made a comeback, built up a private political machine in South Boston, and got himself elected to the governor's council- it body which in Massachusetts passes on the governor's appointments, on warrants for stale expenditures, and acts with the governor in dis-pcnsing pardons and paroles. He has served on ibis body for some years now and is a figure of genuine importance. Post Office Headache MAHKHAM, Onl.—M'j—Two leach- rrs, both named Donald Kennedy, are leaving here for Kirkland Lake. The lio.slma.slcr, who's had difficulty with their mail, is relieved, but feels sorry !i>i' his li/wllieni confreres. CRANIUM CRACKERS Literature Lesson The word "talc," meaning legend or story, ha.s been used in the titles of hundreds of books and other works. Name the authors of the following tales, and tell whether they are prose, poetry or music. 1. Tales of u Wayside Inn. 'i. Tales of Hoffman. y. Twice Told Tales. •1. Canterbury Tales. 5. Tales from the Vienna Woods. 6. Tales of India. Answers on 1'ugc T\\u ^ ^ ^ A A A_ A- ^T; A A V"" TV "•• "•"• "• ^^ ™ MM K M "K "%!f ^ ^ Japan Quits Her Rome-Berlin Axis Partners Hope Star VOLUME 40—NUMBER 272 W5ATHKR ArkavwH-Cbudu lo partly douly Saturday ni,jht ami Sunday; local thnndershmoer* in extreme northwest portion. HOPE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, AUGUST 26,1939 PRICE 5c COPY vLbli PARLEY Germany Experiments With "Ersatz" Steel COLOGNE.—(/Pi—One of Germany's most widely used "ersatz" materials— artificial resin—may replace steel in the manufacture of motorcycle frames. Artificial resin is already used lo a grcal cxlcnl in Ihe construction of automobile accessories. Newspapers now report thai a Gorman factory has gone one slcp farlher and i slesting the stabilily of molor- cyelc frames made of artificial resin. As far as was revealed, cotton fabric is soaked with artificial resin and then .subjected lo an enormous pressure of more than li.OIHI pounds per square inch. After this process, it is claimed, the 'nmlcrinl has Ihe strength and resisl- ance of steel plate. The new .product, the papers said, has various advantages. It is less heavy than tccl. H eliminates rattling and is rust, and acid proof. MIND YOUR MANNERS r. M. HtO. U, •. f»T. Of*. Test your knowledge of correct .social usage by answering the following questions, then checking against the authoritative answers below: I. Should dinner guests push back their chairs when they leave the table? 'i. If your hostess happens lo put you next to a portion at dinner with whom you have recently quarreled is it necessary that you talk to him during the meal? ,'i. If either the host or hostess must relinquish his place at table to make the scaling of guests come out right, which one should be changed? 4. If a host and hostess have not planned any aftcrdinner entertainment, is it up to them to keep conversation goin? 5. Should a husband and wife he seated next to each other at dinner? What would you do if— You arc a hostess and one of your dinner guests has not arrived when dinner is ready Would you—• (a) Wait dinner 20 minutes then go ahead without him? (b) Have dinner announced the minute it is ready? <c> Hold up dinner an hour for him? Answers 1. Not unless it. is necessary for others to gel by. •i. Yes. U. The hostess should change her place. 4. Yes. 5. No. Best "What Would You Do" solution— 'a). Japanese Assert Communism Pact Has Been Violated German Treaty With Soviet Leads to Sudden .Japanese Action SOLATION POLICY Jap Army Approves Divorce of Tokyo From Berlin and Rome TOKYO, Japan —W 1 )— The Jap- ncsc army formally approved Japan's urning away from the Rome-Berlin xis in favor of international isolal- on Saturday. The government protested to Berin that the German-Soviet non- ggrcssion treaty was a violation of he spirit of the anti-comintern act. The army'.s statement of approval vas issued amid authoritative forc- asts that cabinet changes were irn- icnding. The statement declared as good ^s dead the anti-comintern pact among T apan, Germany and Italy to fight ilernalional communism. 'War Is Hell," on a Soldier's Feet Motorized Equipment Jams Roads and Troops Take to Theii " By PRESTON GROVER Washington.—We have seen enough of these army maneuvers in the past day or so to convince us that the next war, just like the last one, is going to be hell on the feet. That goes in spite of the 'motorization that supposedly moves (lie army through the war with the greatest of case. There is still an awful lot of walking in a war, and just plain standing around waiting for somebody else to do something so you can do something. Stonewall Jackson or old General Forrest (ho wasn't a Manassas general) would have shuddered until their boot buckles rattled if they could have seen how the Battle of Bull Run would be fought in these modern times. Bull Run is a muddy little rivulenl about 30 miles south of Washington where the North and the South first really tangled in the war that was expected to end in two weeks but lasted four bloody years. They Obey Rules On that old battleground, and at Platlsburgh in New York, the army is conducting maneuvers to test out its now equipment and some of its new generals. From what we saw and froVn 1 what we were told, both equipment and generals worked well, but the confounded roads weren't wide enough. Besides that, when the army is conducting a mock war everybody has to obey the rules. That takes all the fun out of a good war. Old General Forrest, the blacksmith who dropped his anvil and became one of America's greatest soldiers, once said that the way to win battles was to "get there fustest with the mostest men." One of these later day generals at the Manassas maneuvers tried that, and almost lost his war. He was supposed to start his 'march for Bull Run and glory at 7 a. m., but he started instead at 6:50. He got there fustest with the moslcst men but an umpire sent him back. The "enemy" had to have time lo finish breakfast. With these modern high-speed tanks a 10-minute head start means grabbing off five miles of Virginia countryside. Also a thousand army trucks can jam 50 miles of Virginia country road until a greased pig culdn't squeeze through. When that happens the boys- go to war as they have from time's be_ ginning. The boys get out and leg it across the fields. Congress Was Missing What we missed at Manassas was (Continued on Page Four) Rodeo Queen Leads Old Hands as Cattle Dealer CANADIAN, Tex., -(/1M- Sytlna Yokley, at 17, is showing old-time waddies a few tricks about raising cattle for profit. When .she was an infant, her father, Jess Yokley of Canadian, gaves her two calves, That was the foundation for her present, string of 53 Hcrcforcls. When she was 13, Sydna took a mortage on her stock and bought 78 yearling steers. Some months later, she sold at a net profit of $1,200, after paying off the mortage and giving her father 50 cents a head a minth for grazing fees, Sydna lias been partcipating in rodeos five years. While ruling as queen of the Anvil Park rodeo here July 4 she took time ;off to rope and lie a Brahma calf in 30 -1-5 seconds, the ninth best time. Not bad, considering three were 20 top-hand cowboys entered. Buchalter Is Held Without Any Bail Federal Men Arraign Him —Dewey Tries Vainly to Get Racketeer NEW YORK. - </P) — Louis (Lcpke) Buchalter was arraigned B'riday by Federal authorities on 10 indictments charging narcotics violations, bribery and conspiracy, while the office of Thomas E. Dewey, Manhattan district attorney, sought vainly to lay hands upon the accused racketeer. Lcpkc appeared in court guarded by two agents of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, entered an omnibus plea of innocence, and was ordered held by the F. B. I. without bail. He had been questioned but whether he told any- f/mig about his former associates was not disclosed. He Gambles With Judge; Poor Loser Speeder Said His Car Wouldn't Make 70 MPH —But It Did 72 LITTLE ROCK.—Fred Coleman, Jr., living on the Upper Hot Springs pike, proved one of the poorest losers in the history of the Little Rock Traffic Court in his appearance before Judge Harb Friday afternoon. He accepted a sporting proposition from his honor, lost out in th lest bad an argument with the judge and then appealed. Slate Patrolmen Lindsay and Miller told Judge Harb that they dctcched Coleman burning up Roosevelt road at the rale of 70 to 74 miles per hour Thursday night. Coleman's robullal was Ihal, his 1938 model car would have fallen apart had it been forced to such prodigious speed. "I can't reconcile (he difference between the tesiiYnony." said Judge Harb, "so I'll fine you SIO and $1(1.00 costs. If the complaining officers arc willing to test, your car and if they report, that it will not ;>ll«iii ;i speed of 70 ;»i)c.s an hour, I'll remit Ihe fine and costs.' Coleman accepted willingly enough and accompanied Ihe two stale officers to the long straight stretch where Highway 67 passes tln-ouKh Dark Hollow, northeast of North Little Rock. Lindscy drove Colcmans car with the owner a.s a passenger while Miller trailed in the police car. The (es( was a complete (Humph for the officers. Lindscy reported that, the auto's speedometer rose to 72 miles an hour and (hut the bus still was picking up speed at that staRc. Thu police cars speedometer was quivering around IK. The three returned to city hall just as Judge Harb was adjourning court. Despite the officers' reports, Coleman still had a lot of arguments with which he wished to regale the judge. Hiz/.oner cut him short with Ihe re- YiYinder that a bargain is a bargain and should be kept. Then Coleman filed notice of appeal to circuit court. Students Going to College to Be Photographed I;3O Sunday All students in the Hope trade terrilory, including Hcmpslcad and Nevada counties, who are going away to college this fall are asked (o meet on the Hope city hall lawn al 1:30 o'clock Ihis Sunday afternoon, August 27, when The Star will make their picture. There is no charge whatever. Each year at this time the newspaper makes a picture of the local students who are going away to school, whether they live in Hope, Prcscott or other neighboring cities—and publishes it simply as a matter of local news. The Star wants as lurge a turnout as possible—at 1:30 Sunduv afternoon, August 27. What Would a War Do to Us Is? Question Asked by John Flynn Flight ofCapital to Hit Stocks; But AH Trade Suffers Noted Economist Analyzes American Position in European War FOREIGN~CASH HERE Flynn Warns the Public Against Accepting War Propaganda John T. Flynn, noted writer on economic topics, supposes for the purposes of (his article <hat war will actually come (o Eurpoc. What then, will be the immediate effect upon American business? By JOHN T. FLYNN NA Service Staff Correspondent NEW YORK — The first effect of war in Europe so far as the United States is concerned, is easily predictable. First of all there will be n certain psychological shock. In spite of all the prelude and discussion preceeding this war, in contrast with the last world war, innumerable people will firjd themselves suddenly bewildered by it. "What is it going to do to us?" they will ask. And the early response will be fear, hesitation, a tendency to draw into their shell economically. This ought not to last long, because financial and business leaders do know more of the situation than they did when confronted by the last war. And they should be able to steady their communitie. Foreign Money In U. S . Second, there is a great deal of foreign money in the United States. Some of it is invested in securities. Some of it is just lying around in transienl investment. What will happen to this money? Will it suddenly start back home? Or will it, like American money, dig deeper in here to escape the disorder at home? There is no doubt that there is a great deal of it which, one way or another, will be drawn away from here quickly. This may tend to upset the money market and stock market. But it may be that we can very well exaggerate the extent of this flight. Why should privately-owned capital which came here out of fear of war fly homeward when the anticipated danger arises'.' Of course, foreign government will promptly commandeered. But this does not mean they will hurriedly draw it homo. It may even do the governments more good here than at home. They will all want credits here. With these investments and funds here they will be able to buy hero. Therefore this flight of money may be very much overestimated. We can well afford lo be calms about that. Warns Against Propaganda But such as docs go, how will it affect, our stock markets? The selling of European stocks or stocks Meld by European money here, coupled with the general fear always engendered by war, will certainly tend lo depress our markets. A lot of people will become frightened and will Hump their stocks. But this need not. be the necessary prelude to a period of decline. The effect of the war may be far from deleterious on American trade as a whole, though it will certainly injure some. 'Die plain (ruth is thai Americans will be wise to be governed by calm prudence. There is no need for speed, hurry, fright, panic. A lot of the war fears have already been discouted. The banks can stand the strain without a tremor. A dip in the stock market will not be a national calamity. The chief danger is from the two .streams of propaganda which will begin to pour into our ears and minds irom the contending sides to get us embroiled. We will do well to keep uur ears tuned for that. Medals for heroism in fighting forest fires are awarded by the American Forest Fire foundation. A Thought Conduct is the great profession. Behavior is (he perpetual revealing of us. What a man does, tells us what he is.—-F. D. Huntuigton, 4 Newspaper Men Are 'Mouthpieces' Which of These Europeans Will Announce the Next War? VLADIMIR Poliakiff, or "Augur," as he signs himself, is a newspaperman who stands out in England—a shrewd, conspiciously-chinned, bald, Jewish white Russian. He looks like Mussolini and is pround of it. He admires Mussolini but not Hitler. He writes for the New York Times, the London Express, European pa- papers, and Early a hundred provincial British papers. He writes books. He will lecture in the U. mentury on is reputation is the fact that he is avidly read by the diplomats themselves. He edits a special diplomatic letter for embassies and legations. Augur is not always right—but he is right often enough to maintain his reputation and the handsome living that naturally follows. A naturalized Englishman now, he became a journalist by accident. It happened 20 years ago. He had escaped from the Bolshevik revolution in Russia. A newspaper publisher in London asked him to write a piece on Russia, and so Augur changed from an engineer lo a newspaperman. His motto: "Know your man ten years before yiu need him." Augur on war: "Nothing is inevitable. But we are right on the edge of the knife." Virginio Gayds, Italian officials will tell you, is not Mussolini's spokcs- But they usually add: "Very reliable man. But they usually add: "Very reliable man, though, Uusally has things right." The fact, is (hough, that nowhere else in the world is there an indivi- daul, unattached lo the government, to whom so many people look for indications of government policy. Gayda, editor of the Giornal d' Italian, has in the past two years come to be regarded as the voice of the fascist regime. He works under a pitcure of Mussolini in an old Roman palace. His desk is littred with newspapers, clippings, books. Gayda on the international situation: "And the world moreover knows, that exactly because of this essence of theirs, which elevates the con- siec and fore the tlalian and German nations and overturns the traditional systems of the demoracies upon which all the paraslic fats have grafted themselves, among the great (Continued on Page Four) Few Pilots Reach Real War Rating Only 400 to 600 Out of 10,000 Will Qualify for Combat By PRESTON GROVER WASHINGTON — Of 10,000 young men between 18 and 25 who will be tried out by the government this year for possible service as air fighters, probably only 400 to GOO will become worthy combat fliers. The rest will fall by the wayside, most of them before they ever put hand to the controls of a fast army plane. However, of the remainder, perhaps as many as 80 to DO per cent will qualify as private pilots and become a potential "pool" to be drawn upon in an emergency. Psychology tests will get some of (hem. Ground school examinations will take out more. Sickness, change of heart and other causes will eliminate some. From those who survive the army will choose COO, or perhaps fewer. Ninety lo !):> per cent will have a college background. Tu prevent discrimination, the others may come up with no book learning at all. They probably won't gel very far without at least a high-school education. All those things and more come out as the army and the Civil Aeronautics authority get ready to put more fighting men in the air than we ever had before. They expect to take on a crop of 10,000 this year and others, year by year, until they get enough. It. will lake four years, perhaps longer. Colleges (hat take on Ilic- ground school as part of their class work will be given ?20 a student to provide facilities. The incoming student will have to shell out $411 for laboratory fees. He has to maintain himself. It is no all-expense job. No Jub Guarantee When his preliminary training is finished ilie student will not be sua- rantccd a job. The army or navy may want him (o take advanced training. In jny event ho will be part of the "pool" of trained pilots the government wants for national defense. It will coil dbou'. $10,000 per s>tu- dent lo carry them from air-ignorance to the grade of army pilot. About $300 a student is allowed for the first year. This will qualify them as private pilots. At present there are 26,000 fliers with some sort of a license. The government estimates only 5,000 are (Continued on Page Four) Italians Declare Germany Sparring for a Compromise Berlin Informant Declares Danger of War Definitely Averted ENVOY foToNDON Henderson Returns From Berlin—Cabinet to Hear Proposal -^ ROME, Italy — (If) — AuthoriUve Italians Saturday said Adolf Hitler, following two telephone contacts with Mussolini was making a last attempt to avert war by diplomacy. Virginio Gayda, of the "inner circle," editor o£ Giornale d'ltalia, wrote that Hitler Friday called the British, French Italian and Japanese ambassadors to state his proposals for a peaceful settlement, at about the same time he was exchanging views directly with II Duce. The Italian premier's willingeness to lend himself to any action acceptable to Hitler was indicated by Gayda, who said Italy wolud continue using its "doplomatic action." for the return of "reason and justice" as long as it could be useful. "War Averted" BERLIN, Germany A trustworthy and authoriative informal insisted Saturday that a compromise in the German-Polish crisis was under way and declared that 'danger of a world .war is definitely averted." -JPl? ; . informant struck,,to : his view--point even when, he was shown the latest developments, including Germany's prohibition on private aviation, stoppage of boat service to Danzig, cancellation of e large number of trains, and designation of Upper Silesia as an 'area of military operation." The turning point, this informant contended, came at 2 o'clock Saturday morning. At that time, he said, (he order to begin operations along the Polish bord_ er at Danzig at 4:30 a. m. was rescinded. High army quarters, the informant said, strongly advised Hitler to show the same willingness to negotiate as that shown by Polish President Moscicki in his reply to President Roosevelt. The result, the informant said, was British Ambassador Henderson's mission to London Saturday. Call British Cabinet LONDON, England — (IP)— After a three-hour conference with the British ambassador to Berlin who flew to London from a meeting with Hitler, Prime Minister Chamberlain summoned an emergency cabinet meeting on the European crisis for Saturday night. Foreign Secretary Halifax, who was present at (he conference between Chamberlain and Ambassador Henderson, went across the street to consult with Charles Corbin, French ambassador to London, at the fpreign. office. These moves led to wide speculation on the prospect of some form of negotiation. French Fully Mobilized PARIS, France — (/P)—The French government Saturday mobilized three additional military groups. This call made France's mobilization in the face of the European crisis almost complete. France's amed forces are now estimated to total 2,200,000. Germany Ts a Puzile BERLIN. Germany —(/P)— Germany shut herself off from the world for seven hours Friday night and early Saturday as she made apparently last-minute preparations "to deal with Poland." From 6:30 p. m. Saturday to 2 a. m. Saturday authorities shut off telephone, telegraph and cable communication with most o£ the world. During this tense period Germany cancelled her projected celebration at Tannenberg next Sunday, where Chancellor Hitler was to make an important announcement. Other rumors said that the Nuernberg party congress to start September 2 also had been cancelled. These reports were denied by the Propaganda Min(Continued on Page Four) Cotton NEW ORLEANS.-W)-October cot, ton opened Saturday at 8.71 and closed at 8.70. Spot cotton closed steady and un-> changed, middling S.96.
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