Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on August 22, 1939 · Page 3
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 3

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Tuesday, August 22, 1939
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Bruce Catfcon Says: Another In U. S. tour series by Bruce CnUon. NEW YORK.—In the old days, you began every political analysis in New York by asking what Tnmmnny Hall was going to do. Nowadays you begin r by asking what the American Labor Party is up to. Life of Crime Is Tied Up With a "Bow of Crepe" Morgan M. Beatty Reviews Careers of 1.0 Worst Men in U. S. A. LIFE OF BUCHALTER Father Wanted Him to Go on With Schooling—He "Didn't Need It" Tills is the .last of three articles explaining (fie nation-wide antl- crinic drive and (lie reasons hc- hinil it. Hy MORGAN M. BKATTV Al" reiilurc Service Writer WASHINGTON - Percolating to- ay through the nation's police de- sheriff's offices is the ten ranking Bad piirlments and Idlest list of the Men of America. In issuing that list, the FBI merely selected the men it wants most. There was no attempt to reflect the pattern of crime in America. '11ic.se bud men arc no more than names to most of us—Irving Chapman, Theodore Cole, Ralph Roc, Louis Hiichaltcr, Joseph Paul Crct/cr, John Lewis Carey. Albert Leonard Pegrun, and Riilph Bccman. They're Typical But dig hack, jis I did, beyond the i.tiiccatn colorless facts on ii "wanted" bulletin, and you discover Unit the )ivi.\s of the ten worst bad men typify the lives of nine out of ten ordinary criminals. With about I wo exceptions, tlic.se men ;it various periods in their careers Miught companionship or refuge in rlive.s or bordellos. Some do, even yet. With possibly one exception, they cut their criminal tcetli on petty larceny, that most common of Jill crimes. Most of the ten Worst Men proceeded into burglary. Seven graduated into robbery. Five of them, in fact, ' specialize in bank robbery, the big- time end of the robbery racket, the (icciipation of the elite of the underworld. Three of thorn went even further, one into kidnaping, another into a dope ring, and the third into industrial racketeering. •That Kid Stuff Take Louis (Lep)te) Buchallor. Thomas E. Dewoy, New York district attorney, says Buchalter is the most dangerous industrial racketeer in America today. He's on the FBI's Bad Man list, but they declined to give him any special ranking. His is the typical criminal career only he's .smarter, by far, than most. The Black Letter Day in the life of Louis Buchaltcr was Labor Day, 1012. The next day he was lo have enrolled in liiqh school, and fulfil the dearest wish of his dead father. But he didn't. "I've got all the education I need," he told Ills pu/./.led old mother. "1 don't care what the old man said before he died. I'm through with that kid." stuff." The next day Louis Buchalter and his family (raveled different roads. His mother, brothers and sisters continued to live law-abiding, useful lives. Among them are two school teachers, a dentist, a rabbi, a small business man. But Louis went down among bis accocintcs on the East Side Four years later he before lie was ready. S) That doesn't mean that Tammany is dead, or Unit the Labor Party rules the roost, It does mean that an important change has taken place. Some of Tmnmany's decline is due to population shifts, which have made Manhattan — Tammany's one big stronghold—eomparlivcly less important in the city's politics. Some of it is due lo the New Deal. When the federal government'went into the direct relief business, it robbed Tammany of an important prop. While all of this was happening, leaders of organized labor were putting together a political machine lo help President Roosevelt in the 1936 election. Elsewhere, the pro-Roosevelt work was done through Labor's Non-Partisan League; in New York'.in outright labor parly was formed, and in the 1936 election, it gave Roosevelt 274,000 votes. The organization was then made permanent. In 1937, it rolled up 482,790 votes for Mayor LaGunrdia, bringing about this re-election nnd demonstrating that, in New York City, the new party actually held the balance of power. Republican and Democratic strength was close enough to being evenly divided that those 400,000-odd Labor Party votes could decide the issue. This was proved again last fall when Gov. Lehman, re-elected by the narrow margin of (54,000 votes, was given 4119,000 by the Labor Party. So while Tammany—out of power in New York, and in bad with the New Deal administration — languishes for lack of partonage, which is thus added to all its other woes, the Labor Party occupies an extremely important position. And it will go down the line for President Roosevelt, or any other "satisfactory" New Deal candidate, next year. Which may easily mean that New York will go Democratic in the 194C presidentiiil election. Mayor LaGuardia recently sought lo throw the parly's support lo William Hc-rliinds for the post of district jttlor- ncy of Kings county (Brooklyn). Scandals have clustered about the controlling Democratic machine there. Her- Iftnds is an able man, formerly chic assistant to Thomas E. Dcwcy in Man hallan. But the Labor Party re fusee to follow the mayor, endorsing insteac Magistrate Charles Solomon. The disagreement reflects the fac that LaGuardin's prime concern is tc break the power of the New Yorl Democratic machine, and the Labo Party is thinking primarily in term, of national politics. Party leaders fig urc that they must not do anything now to build up Republican strengtl which, in the 1940 campaign, would be used against the New Deal. In reaching that decision, these lead ers were thinking principally of Dey- Hope Star WEATHER Arkansas—Cloudy ami scattered thunder showers Tuesday nifjhl, and in east portion Wednesday; rmrmer in northeast portoin Tuesday night, cooler in west Wednesday. VOLUME 40—NUMBER 268 HOPE, ^KANSAS, TUESDAY, AUGUST 22, 1939 PRICE 5c COPY SOVIET JOLTS WORLD Blevins Farmers Make Good Profit in Poultry, Eggs M. L. Nelson Outlines Industry in Talk to Hope Kiwanis Club 100 BROODER HOUSES Plan to Produce 70,000 Broilers by May 30 of Next Year Death Takes No Weekend Holiday AUSTIN, Texas—(/I 5 )—Careful study of traffic statistics indicates the "Sun- clay driver" is responsible for a good share of Texas traffic deaths. Texas state police officials said that of 507 traffic deaths the first five months of 1939, 279 occurred on weekends. They said this was out of all proportion to the volume of week-end traffic, even though it is greater than on week days. The officials said "thoughtless, careless, joy-riding and sometimes inexperienced" drivers apparently were greatly to blame. branched out A little luggage stealing enterprise called him to Bridgeport, Conn. But lie got caught. Then lie turned loft burglar, stealing furs from ast Side warehouses. He got caught twice in three years. Kcpke The Thinker He thought it all over in Sing Sing, iind when lie emerged to join his life-long pal, Jake (Gurrab) Shapiro, and their dozen or so associates, he had an announcement to make. "I've picked every flaw I've made NO far. What we need is tvipital— lo buy guns and getaway cars with, iind hire lawyers and pay protection. If you guys are with me, you'll quit Mickups and loft jobs. You'll l)c harder to catch, and you,11 make more in (he long run." They were with him. Truth to tell, at the zenith of his career, literally hundreds were with him, and dozens of kingpins in the underworld and out nl it in several American cities. He owned legitimate pieces of business, trucking, clothing, <md the like. He had a wife and an adopted son, and lived the life of a quiet, retired millionaire in a swank New York apartment. Even .so. Ilic beginnings were fairly modest for the flaw-discoverer. They v.'C'ie pushcarts, Buchaltcr and his newly educated gang demanded money lor protecting them against other llieives. Any stubborn peddler who refused to pay saw his goods dumped into the street, his wagon cracked up, maybe his skull. On the same formula, bootleggers nnd speakeasies paid—or else. Later on the- fur dealers were organized into a protective association. L. & G. (Lupkc and GurruhJ were the terrors of the East Side by 1927. The baking and garment industries were pjying off. So were narcotics rings. They were taking 55,000,000 a year out of the fur business alone. Crime Never Pays Ten tunes or more, Louis Buchlter waj taken to headquarters and released. Hib formula was working like a charm. And life was getting protection. Up to now, Louis Buchalter lias proved that his old father was wrong and he was right. He didn't need an education, iind the rest of the (.Continued on Page Four) ey. They believe that with any other candidate running against a New Dealer, the vote in New York will be even enough so that their 400,000 votes will bring about a New Deal victory. Youthful Robber Given Ten Years Pleads Guilty to Robbing W. T. Stephens, 'Bond Salesman SHERIDAN, Ark— (IP)— Perry Williams, 17, Warren, pleaded guilty Monday to a charge of robbery and was sentenced by Circuit Judge Thomas E. Toler to 10 years in the penitentiary in connection with holdup of W. T. Stephens, Little Rock bond salesman, and the theft of Stephens' car Sunday. Williams, who was arrested in Hot Springs several hours after Stephens reported the robbery and car theft, will be taken to the prison Tuesday. MIND YOUR MANNERS T. M, ftftl. W, •. PAT. Oft, Test your knowledge of correct social usage by answering the following questions, then checking against the authoritative answers below: 1. When a married woman sends a wedding gift to a bride, may sho enclose a card which is engraved with both her name and her husband's—"Mr. and Mrs. John Robert Murray"? 2. If she dncs not have such a card, but only her own, what should she do? 3. Is it correct to write "With best wishes" on the card sent with a wedding present? 4. Should a woman guest invited to an elaborate daytime wedding, worry for fear she hasn't anything appropriate to wear'.' 5. In displaying her wedding presents, should a bride display the checks given her by relatives? What would you do if— You arc a bride and have received so many 'wedding gifts that you feel you cannot write personal notes to each person who sent a gift. (a) Have a card engraved "Miss Mary Smith wishes to acknowledge your beautiful gift and to send you her deepest appreciation" and mail that to those who sent gifts'.' (b.i Write u nolc to everyone— no matter how hard a las!: it proves to be'.' Answers 1. Yes 2. Write "Mr. and" m front oi her name. 3. Yes—but, not. necessary. 4. No. For her best looking daytime dress—even (hough not especially elaborate—will be appropriate. 5. No. Best "What Would You Do" solution— <b>. M. L. Nelson of Blevins told Die Hope Kiwanis club Tuesday that his section of the county was expanding in the poultry and egg industry anrl planncrl to produce 70.000 broilers between September 1 of this year and M.-iy 30 of next year. Mr. Nelson was introduced on the program by Johnny Wade, who said that Mr. Nelson came to Blevins 33 years ago, helped sponsor and promote the cantaloupe and radish industry and then became interested in eggs and poultry. In his opening remarks to the club, Mr. Nelson said: "1 am a country 'm'an from n country town—I am a dealer in merchandise and bad accounts—but on the side handle poultry and eggs. "1 have been handling poultry and eggs for 33 years—and I want to say that tlic hen is the one thing on the date, covering farm that pays you while she is living and i.s good to eal when she is dead. "The saddest word that a farmer can say is 'that I have no hen.' " Sec Business On Big Scale "I became greatly interested in the poultry and egg industry at the beginning of the year of 1938. I went to 3enton, County, Arkansas, in January if that year to inspect the poultry louses and see the broiler business on a large scale. This year, Benton county produced O.OOOiflOO broilers and has become the greatest broiler producer of any sec- ion in the Uitcd States. "1 wanted lo sec this industry, so I ook with me a farmer of Blevins and ilso a Blevins banker. I figured that he farmer could help me in producing iroilers and the banker could help me inance the business. "So, we all three went to Benton county to gather some first-hand infor- nation. On our return, I scron began o prdm'ote the poultry and egg industry around Blevins. I got several 'armors interested in the business and we built 44 houses lo produce broilers, 350 chickens to the house. "By September 1 of 1938 we had 70 nouses completed, and from September ., 1938, to January 1 of 1939, we produced 29,000 broilers. We made some noney on our investment ;md other larmors i our urea became interstcd. "By January 1, 1939, we had 100 louses completed and from these 100 louses we produced 35,000 broilers— 'roin January 1 to May 30. Again we n'aclc some money. "The first broiler season i.s from Scp- 1 to January 1, and the second season from January 1 to May 30. From our 100 houses, we plan to pro duce a total of 70,000 broilers from September 1 of this year lo May .'!() of next year. We hope to in;ikc some money. "To achieve .success in the broiler business we have learned two essential facts. "First, is to have good, high-grade chicks to l>cgin with. •.'.Second, is to disinfect thoroughly our chicken houses. "We made Ilic above mistakes—hut now win profit from them. For in-' stance, one farmer profited so much that he lost but one chick this year— out of 400. In Business to Slay "Wo will start filling our houses right away with chicks. It lakes about five weks to complete this. Our equipment, in raising these chicks, is exactly the same. If we make a mistake, then all our mistakes can bn corrected by one single correction. "We are in the poultry and egg business to stay. A person recently asked me if we bad a poultry association in Blevins. I lold this person that we didn't—but that we had u poultry or- •giiiiizalion of which I am president, vice-president, secretray and treasurer. "All (hat I ask a farmer to do—if he's interested in poultry—is to build him a brooder house. Ifurnish the farmer all his 'equipment and feed. All equipment is uniform and alike. Lion Plea Thrown Out by Chancellor Spccr at El Dorado Upholds State's Oil Closing Order KL DORADO, Ark—(/P)—Chancellor W. A. Spccr Tuesday upheld the validity nf the State Oil and Gas Commission's August 16 order for a state- wode oil production shutdown. In an oral opinion the chancellor dismissed for want of equity a suit brought by the Lion Oil Rcfinning company of El Dorado asking an in- ortler on the grounds that it was unconstitutional. The company contended that man- controlled fields, 'pretended" to be a conservation measure but actually was an unlawful attempt to affect crude oil prices. The court held the company failed to establish the commission mandate as confiscatory or to show that the matter of oil prices had anything to do with the order. An emergency existed with respect to waste in Arkansas' producing fields at the time the order was published, Chancellor Speer said. The company, which had defied the commission order, was directed to keep its wells closed for 10 days from the date of the order, when the commission will open a hearing to determine further procedure. Jeff Davis, attorney for the Lion, announced an appeal to the Arkansas Supreme Court. Murry Auto Team Wins Southwest SoftballTourney Shuts Out Bruner-Ivory of Hope, 10 to 0 for the Championship T E XARKANA SECOND East Funeral Home Defeats Bruner-Ivory for Ruuner-Up Position Murray Auto Service team of Prcs- cott shutout Bruner-Ivory of Hope, 10 to 0, to win the southwest Arkansas district softball tournament here Monday night. East Funeral Home of Texarkana got a 2 to 1 verdict over Soil Erosion team of Hope in the first contest and then came back to whip Bruner-Ivory in the third game, 3 to 2, for runner-up position. Softball Commissioner Bill Brasher announced Tuesday that the inter-district tournament between winners of Hope and the El Dorado tournament would not be held until Wednesday night. Mr. Brasiier said that rain had delayed the tournament at El Dorado and winners there had not been determined. He said that the Lion Oilers and a team frtfm' Warren at present were leaders. Funeral Home Wins In the opening contest Monday night, Campbell of East Funeral'Home struck out 10 batters and gained a 2 to 1 decision over the Soil Erosion team of Hope. Both teams scored all their runs in the first inning. The defeat eliminated Soil Erosion. R H E East Funeral 2 32 Soil Erosion 120 Murray Takes Lead O Why N. Y. Was a Million Quarts Short "Passion Play" at First EEL Church "Life of Christ" to Be Shown Here Wednesday and Thursday "The Passion Pay", or "Life of Christ," is veritaby a treasured heritage of the ages, to all Christian people, whose failh is anchored in the resurrection of Jesus of Nazareth. The dramatic versions, given periodically in Europe, at Oberammergau; and Freiburg, arc visited by hundreds of thousands of Christian peiple, from alt sections of the world, at enormous expcu.se. The public of Hope and vicinity is to be given the rare opportunity of seeing QIC worlrHCamous "Passion Play,, motion picture, based upon, and pnUercned after, both Freiburg and Olicrminergau productions, and actually produced in Europe, the Holy Land, and Egypt, with scpcial organ and choral music, on sound equipment, depictingmany famous sceneb in Ilic Life, Crucifixion, and resurrection of Jesus, at the First Methodist liurch, on Wednesday and Thursday lights, Aug. 2'A and 2-1 at 8 o'clock, everybody is invited, and admission ickets are not necessary. A silver iffcring will be taken, to assist in laying expenses. A very gratifying departure from he usual presentation in churches is he high spirituM level and atmos- iherc of meditation and prayer es- ublishcd and maintained throughout he outre program which lias been one if Iho fundamental objectives of the 'National Bureau for Religious and Management this film is being presented. This magnificicnt program in motion picture, and sound music, is attracting immense audiences in many of the. largest, churches in the United Stales and Canada, having been ex- liibitcd in over two thousand of the principal churches, to more than one In the championship game, Murray "scored five runs in the "first inning after two men were retired. Froir then on, it was Murray all the way. The Bruner defense cracked, committing a total of eight errors. Robinson, pitcher, and Frank Ramsey, outfielder, got the only two hits off Ferguson. Robinson, Bruner pitcher, struck ou 14, walked five and allowed five liits R H E Murray Auto Service..10 5 3 Bruner-Ivory 028 In the third contest, a battle for runner-up position, the East Funera Home team scored one run in the firsi inning and two in the second to ge the jump on Bruner-Ivory. The Hope team rallied in the fina inning to score its two runs. Campbell of Texarkana held Brunei to three hits, Robinson getting two o them. Lowe, pitching for Bruner, gave up four hits. R II E East Funeral 343 Bruner-Ivory 2 3 1 Two games will be played here Wed nesday night, Murray of Pvescott anc East Funeral Home of Texarkana meet ing the winner and runner-up of th El Dorado tournament. The teams then will go to El Dorad for two games. If more is needed I determine the winner the deciding game may be played in Hope. The winner of the inter-district lour- na'm'ent will be eligible to compete in the state tournament at Little Rock beginning August 30. (Continued on Page Four) Pines Pool to Remain Open Until Sept. 1st The Pines swimming pool will remain open until September 1. it wa announced Tuesday by P. A. Dulin Jr. The pool is enjoying the best season in its history. A Thought Fear guides more to duty than gratitude.—Goldsmith. Milk farmers in New York and Pennsylvania, striking for higher prices, dumped hundreds of cans of milk on the ground, leaving New York City short 1,000,000 quarts, a quarter of its daily sup* ply. Above, pickets on the job_at Buskirk, N. Y. people, during the past two A capacity audience is an- .nillion years. timpaled here. The public is very cordially invited, and are urged to br in their ^eats early. The picture comes here from a twi-- day showing in First Methodist church. Hot Springs. Cotton Arson Suspected in Series of Fires State Fire Marshal Probing at Pine Bluff, Rison and Little Rock LITTL l?OCK-i/P)-Sfiyii>K his office is regarding with suspicion a .scries of destructive fires in Arkansas, recently, state Fire Marshall Guy E. Williams said Monday night he and a deputy will begin investigation Tuesday morning into conflagrations at Pine Bluff and Risen. "We have no facts on which to base our suspicions," Mr. Williams said, "but it does seem a little strange that four major fires should follow each other in such short order in such close proximity." He referred to he recent b!a/.c which destroyed the Wright and Topf building at Second and Poplar streets. North Little Rock, with 550,000 dam- a.ge; the fire which burned five store units at Capitol avenue and Carter street hi Little Rock; the blaze whirl destroyed two of Risen's principal business buildings with a $50,000 loss Sunday, and Monday's fire which damaged the Federal Compress and Warehouse at Puie Bluff. Forest Festival at Ashdown Thursday All-Day Program Is Planned for Southwestern Counties The annual forestry festival of unit 10, Arkansas Forestry Commission which embraces Miller, Little River, and parts of Hempstead, Howard and Scvier counties, will be held at 2:30 p. m. Thursday two miles north of Ashdown on highway 71. The festival will open with games and contests including wood chopping contest for men and woVrien, sawing contest, horse shoe pitching, three- legged nice, nail driving for women, shoe kicking, rolling pin throwing, hog calling, ocw calling, cracker eating and H grained pig catching contest. Forestry officials sai dthe festival is open t othc public and urged every one I. obring his supper for picnic style eating on the grounds. Those desiring may purchase food from American Legion stands at the festival site, they said. An evening program will include a fiddlers' contest, tap dancing and a liars' i-onle.nt. Music will be furnished by (lie Ashdown high school band. Priy.es will Ix; awarded winners of the contests. J. W. K. Holiday of the United States Forestry Service will'give a brief illustrated t.-ilk, using the unusual and in- trrstin;; federal government motion picture. "The River." George Lary, assistant forester, and J. W. S.'H'cent. Jr., regional forester, die in charge of program arrangements Tanners Union Is Picket ing Milk Station at Camden, N. J. CAMDEN, N. J.—W—Three me vere shot and nuremous others bruis d Tuesday during a disturbance at the 3airyman's League milk plant here which has bene picketed by sympath- zers of a diary farmers union strike. Deputy Sheriff Lyle Jones said the hooting occured as a milk truck driv- n by Frank Rice of Hillsboro was en- ering the plant. Jones said 50 or 60 pickets rushed NEW ORLEANS—I;PI—October cotton opened Tuesday at S.82 and closed at S.R7 bid. S.8S asked. Spot cotton closed steady four points higher, middling S.92. The first regular radio broadcasting in the United States was from a transmitter at the home of Dr. Frank Conrad at Pittsburgh. Pa. CRANIUM CRACKERS Detective Quiz No. this isn't a Russian prescription yon see here. It's just a cry ti.'Si.im. To decipher the message. tnbilitute letters for the ones printed until you discover the code used. Clue- try S for H, O for J, M for N. E for V. etc. 1. HJNV KVLKOV HKVMW PV GSVHV. SLF1H DLIPRMT KFAAOVH ORPV GSVHVH Easy? Well, try this one. And wak-h out, for a harder code is 2. DWP XP PCSFK. WK VG- QOFJ PC 11CSF PMFH WT. Ar.iv.eri on Pcge Tv.'o 3 Shot in Rioting at a Dairy Plan Signs Pact With Germany, But Still Offers Allies One Britain, France Dealt Hard Blow, -But Will Continue Moscow Parley NO - ATTACK" ACCORD Three Pledges Made Between Moscow and Berlin in New Treaty By the Associated Press Soviet Russia and Nazi Germany itartled Europe Tuesday with the decision to conclude a non-aggression >act at a time when two other na- ions, Britain and France, were seek- ng a mutual accord with Russia. An informant hi Rome, Berlin's axis partner, reported the pact contained three main points— 1. A pledge by each country to ab-' stain from aggression against the other. 2. The undertaking by each to remain neutral if the other were attacked by a third party. 3. Provision in case either contmitg an act of aggression that the other may denounce the accord. France stood in a state of alertness with an unestimated number of re- servites added to her standing army of 700,000 as the import of the Russian- German action was being weighed. Unofficial sources in Moscow said the Russian-German pact did not preclude a tri-power mutual assistance pact. French foreign office attaches said Moscow military conversations would continue. Poland was surprised, but made an effort to minimize Hitler's stroke. In Danzig, Nazi Leader Forster declared the Free City "approaches its end." , .. .; ? ,Russia "6*{H Keiifl. MOSCOW, Russia.— (JP)— Unofficial Soviet sources said Tuesday the impending Soviet Russian-Gertrtan non- aggression; pact would not exclude negotiation of a mutual assistance agreement with Britain and France. British-French quarters, however, were gloomy over the announcement that Berlin and Moscow were coming to an understanding. It was uncertain whether British and French staff talks with Soviet military leaders would continue Tuesday. BERLIN, Germany —(/P)— Germany upset the whole structure of the tense middle European situaiton by announcing shortly before midnight Monday that she will conclude on-aggression pact with Soviet Russia. If there is to be war as a result of the Polish-German dispute over Danzig and the Polish Coddidor it now appeared certain that Russia will be neutral. The position of Poland, which had been counting on the effectiveness of what Germany calls the "democratic encirclemtnt policy," appeared greatly weakened. German soldiers were massing on the Polish frontier, and now it seem- he truck, dumped its milk, and a 5-minute squirmish followed during which stones were hurled and shots were fired. Annenberg Named in New True Bill Indicted With G Others for Tax Failure in Publishing Company CHICAGO,—M 3 )—M. L. Annenberg, nillinaire publisher, and six others vere charged by a federal grand jury Tuesday with conspiracy to defraud he government of J137.720.36 in taxes, lenalties and interest on the income of the Consensus Publishing company and racing news service. Earlier this month Annenberg was iccused of failing to pay ?5,548,3S4 in ncomc tax. Cobb Sets Record, but M Official Drives 24-Cylinder Car 369.23—Fails to Make Return Test BOONEV1LLE SALTS FLATS. Utah —(/Pi—John Cobb of London drove his 24-cylinder "Railton Red Lion" over a measured mile Tuesday at more than six miles a minute—the fastest man has ever traveled on land—but he was forced to postpone his try for an of' ficial record. Motor trouble prevented him from meeting the requirement of a return trip within the same haur. Cob was clocked at 369.23 for the nortl run. ed certain that if they are called upon to attack they will not have to worry about the possibility of encountering Russian troops somewhere in middle Poland. Failure of Anglo-French Germany's announcement of its diplomatic coup startled all Europe. It apparently meant that the months- long efforts of Britain and France to induce Russia to enter a front to back up Poland, Roumania ad other smaller uropea coutries agaist aggression had ailed. For, according to the German nnouncement, Russia had agreed not o fight Germany. The announcement of Hitler's maser stroke came while British and Trench military officers were in Mos- ow going over plans of strategy with ugh Soviet officers. It seemed likely tiat these discussions would now col- apse. The brief announcement here said hat Foreign Minister von Ribben- rop will arrive in Moscow Wednesday o conclude negotations. It was assured, the document would be signed within a day or two. Whether this would speed up or retard cul- nination of the Polish problem re- nained a question. Certainly, observers said. Germany will not take any final action agains* Poland for a day or two. But once the Russian non-aggression pact is signed Germany will have one less reason to fear involvement with Poland. Japan 'Taken Care Of.' What effect the new agreement will have on Germany's promises to Japan under the anti-Comintern pact — tc which Italy also is a signatory—could not be ascertained. German sources here say "You may be sure that angle has been taken care of." Another question asked was whether the agreement between Japan and Germany could be preserved in all its original effectiveness ii Germany (Continued on Page Four)

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