Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on August 22, 1939 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Tuesday, August 22, 1939
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Bruce Catton Says: Anollicr In II. S. tour series by Bruce CnUon. NEW yonK.—In the old clnys, you began every political analysis in New York by asking whiil Tnmmnny Hnll WHS going lo do. Nowndnys you begin k» by iisking what the American Labor Pnrly Is up to. <* _ Tlint doesn't moan that THtnmnny is Life of Crime Is Tied Up With a "Bow of Crepe" Morgan M. Realty Reviews Careers of 10 Worst Men in U. S. A. LIFE OF BUCHALTER Father Wanted Him to Go on With Schooling—He "Didn't Need It" This is Hie Insl of Ilircc nrllclps . r.vpliilniiiK I'" 1 willnn-U'lile linli- crlnw drive and (be reasons behind /(. H.v MORGAN M. HKATTY A I* l''pu(nrc Service Writer WASHINGTON - i>ercol»l.ing lo- diiy through Ihe nation's police departments ,-\nd sheriff's offices i.s the latest list of the ten ranking 15dd Men of America. In issuing thai li.sl, the KBI merely selected the men it wants must. Tlierc was no attempt lo reflect the pattern of crime in America. '11ie.se burl men are no more Ihan names to most of us—Irving Chapmiin, Theodore Cole, Kalph Hoc. Louis Htii-hjillci-. JI>M'|)!I P;ml Crol/er, John Lewis Carey. Albert Leonard IVgran, and Halph Beeman. They're Typical Mul dig. hack, us I did, beyond the :.tiicc;il(i colorless facts on 11 "wanted" bulletin, and you discover thai the lives of the ten worst bad men typify the lives of nine onl of (on ordinary criminals. Wilh aboul Iwo exceptions, these men ;it various periods in (heir earocr.s .•ouch!, companionship or refuse in dives or bordellos. Some do. even yet. With nossibly one exception, they cut their criminal teeth on petty larceny, thai most common of all crimes. Mi>.sl. of (he- len Worst Men proceeded into burglary. Seven graduated in- lo robbery. Five of them, in fuel, spccialiye in bank robbery, the big- lime end of the robbery racket, the occupation of the elite of the underworld, Three of them went even further, one into kidnaping, (mother into a dope ring, and the third into industrial racketeering. "Hiaf KM StutC Take honi.s (Lepltc) Ouchalter. Thomas K. Dcwcy, New York district attorney, says Duchaller i.s the most (laiiflprons industrial racketeer in America today, lie's on the FBI's Had Man list, hut they declined lo give him any special ranking. His is Ihe typical criminal ciireer only he's smarter, by far, Ihan most. The Black Letter Day in the life of Louis Huchalter was Labor Day. 11112. The next. Hay lie wns to h;ivo enrolled in hiuh school, and fulfil the dearest wi.sh of his dead father. But he didn't. "I've got all the education I need," he lold hi.s pu7/.led old mother. "I don't rare what the old man said before lie died. I'm through wilh thai kid." stuff." The next day Louis Buchaltcr and his family traveled different roads. His mother, brothers and sisters continued to live law-abiding, useful lives. Among them arc two school teachers, it ilentist, a rabbi, a ."..-nall business man. But Louis went down among his accociates on tin; Easl Side Four years later be branched out before ho was 1 ready. A little luggage stealing eriterpuso c illcrl him to Bridgeport, Conn, But he got caught. Then 1»: turnecl loft buiglar, stealing furs frorn tut Side Wcirehouses. , He got t:im'.ht twice m three years. i.cpke llw Thinker He tli..ii;.;Jit it ajl.ovei m Sing Sing, land when he enmrgtd to join his ife-lt>i>H jial, Jake (Gun h) Shapirpp I heir dozen op So i sociates, h$ an ;>nnouni.unent to in ike. '.ot.1 (very fi i I've par. What V.P need capital- IJHiy Kims and gejtawuy cars wi biro iitwyeto und j» i protection! 1 guys are withl nv jou'll qujf Ups and loft ]Qbs> You'll tit to catch ' --• " ' ^ |png run. •were with him 'JUuth to telj| '/enith of bis career, literally hundreds were with him, and dozens of kingpins in the underworld, and out of it in several American cities. Ho owrujd legitimate pieces of business, ' :idtiny, dotbjng, and the like. He 1 i a \ ift n 1 in doptcd son and i 1 tii life of >i u,m i rcti r cd milliou- i ju a swdiiit A v York Sffvo in d y§iUl make mo; men' l'Vt,ll o dr ,( fin ihf th< v (. ( pu hi M <dw U <l lipj'innin r s wem fdhly HJV (ovt-jei They Dut-h-dlir. and his 4,i»)g d* m mded money them against other iboni peddler who >1s dumped cracked dead, or that the Labor Parly rules the roost. It docs moan thai an important chanBe has taken place. Some of Tammany's decline is flue lo population shifts, which have made Manhattan — Tammany's one bitf slronghold—compartivcly less important in the city's politics. Some of it due lo the New Deal. When Ihe federal government went into the direct relief business, il robbed Tammany of an important prop. While all of Ibis was happening, leaders of organized labor were putting together a political machine to help President Kooscvclt in the 1936 election. Elsewhere, the pro-Roosevelt work was done through Labor's Non-Partisan League; in New Yurk'.m outright labor parly was formed, and in the 193(1 election, it Rave Roosevelt 27.1,000 votes. The organization was then made permanent. In 19H7, il rolled up 482,7!)0 votes for Mayor LnGunnliti, bringing: about this re-eleclion and demonstrating that, in New York City, the new jwrly .'ictujilly JieM (he balance of power. Republican and Democratic strength was close enough to being evenly divided that those 400,000-odd Labor Parly voles could decide the issue. This WM.S proved again last fall when Gov. Lehman, re-elected by the narrow margin of fi-1,000 voles, was given -IW.OOO by the Labor Party. So while Tammany—oul of power in New York, and in had wilh the New Deal administration — languishes for lack of partonage, which i.s thus added to all its other woes, the Labor Party occupies mi extremely important position. And it will go down Ihe lino for President Roosevelt, or any other "satisfactory" New Deal candidate, next year. Which may easily mean that New York will go Democratic in Die 19-10 presidential election. Mayor LaGnardia recently sought lo throw the party's support to William llerlands for the post of district attorney of Kings county (Brooklyn). Scan- rials have clustered aboul the controlling Democratic machine there. Hcr- lands is an able man, formerly chief assistant to Thomas K. Dewcy in Manhattan. But the Labor Party refused to follow the mayor, endorsing instead Magistrate Charles Solomon. The disagreement reflects the fact that LaGuardia's prime concern is to break Ihe power of the New York Democratic machine, and the Labor Party is thinking primarily in terms of national politics. Party leaders figure thai they must not do anything now (o Iniild up Republican strength which, in the 1940 campaign, would be used against the New Deal. In reaching (hat decision, these leaders wore thinking principally of Dey- ey. They believe that with any other candidate running against a New Dealer, the vote in New York will be even enough so that their 400,000 votes will bring about a New Deal victory. Youthful Robber Given Ten Years Pleads Guilty to Robbing W. T. Stephens, Bond Salesman SHERIDAN, Ark.—</D—Perry Williams, 17, Wnrrcn, pleaded guilty Monday to n charge of robbery and was sentenced by Circuit Judge Thomas E. Toler to 10 years in the penitentiary in connection wilh holdup of W. T. Stephens, Little Rock bond salesman. and the thcfl of Stephens' car Sunday. Williams, who was arrested in Hoi Springs several hours after Stephens reported the robbery and car theft, will be taken to the prison Tuesday. MIND YOUR ANNERS w. #. MT. ert, f lection, Up to tfs»> proved that &v *nd h« was your knowledge of correct usnge by answering the fol- g questions, then checking the authoritative answers 1. When a married womnn sends P^;a wedding gift to a bride, may she ""^nclose a card which is engraved iwith tjolh her name and her hus- Sjjjnnd'.'; —"Mr. and Mrs. John Robert fjVIun'ay"? I'-'' t. if she does not have such a *csird, but only her own, what ''should she do? 3. Is it correct to write "Wilh bcsl wishes" on the card sent wilh a wedding present? 4. Should a woman guest invited to an elaborate daytime wedding, worry for fear she hasn't anything appropriate to wear? 5. In displaying her wedding presents, should a bride display the checks given her by i-elatives? What would you do if— You arc a bride and have received so many 'wedding gifls that you feel you cannot write personal notes to each person who sent a gift. . (.a) Have a card engraved "Miss Mary Smith wishes to acknowledge your beautiful gift and to send you her deepest appreciation" and mail that to those who sent gifts? (bj Write a note to every one- no matter how hard a task it proves to be? Answers I V i ••.-.. 2. Write "Mr. and" in front of lit.'i 1 nnme. 3. Yes—but not necessary. •i No For her best looking dayi'mii: cir6s.s—even though not espec- i-.<!!.', '. liiij'Ji-ulu—will be eppropri- Woukl You Do" so- Hope Star VOLUME 40—NUMBER 268 7to«d, and KcaUerod thundcrskmuers Tuesday night, and in ctul portion Wtdwdag; warmer in northeast portoin Tuesday night, cooler in west Wednesday. HOPE, :jfiKANSAg, TUESDAY. AUGUST 22, 1939 PRICE 5c COPY SOVIET JOLTS Blevins Farmers Make Good Profit in Poultry, Eggs M. L. Nelson Outlines Industry in Talk to Hope Kiwanis Club 100 BROODER HOUSES Plan to Produce 70,000 Broilers by May 30 of Next Year _M. L. Nelson of Blevins told the Hope Kiwanis club Tuesday that his section »f the county was expanding in the poultry and egg industry and planner! lo produce 70.00(1 broilers between Scp- leinber 1 of this year and May M of next year. Mr. Nelson was introduced on (ho program by Johnny Wndc, who said dial Mr. Nelson came lo Blcvins 33 years ago, helped sponsor and promote Ihe cantaloupe and radish industry and then became interested in eggs and poultry. In his opening remarks lo the club, Mr. Nelson said: "I am a country 'mini from a country town—I a/n a dealer in mcrehandisi; and bad accounts—but on the side I handle poultry mid eggs. "I have been handling poultry and eggs for 3H years—and I want to say thai the hen is the one thing on the farm that pays you while she is living and is good to cat when she i.s dead. "The saddest word that a //inner can say is 'that I have no hen.' " Sec Husincss On Hig Scale "1 becnmc greatly in (crested in the poultry and egg industry at Ihe beginning of Ihe year of 1938. I went to Benlon, County, Arkansas, in January of that year lo inspect Ihe poultry houses and soe the brolier business on a large scale. This year, Benlon county produced lO.GOMHW broilers and has become the greatest broiler producer of any section in the Uiled States. "I wanted lo sec (his industry, so I look with me a farmer of Blevins and also a Blevins banker. I figured that Ihe farmer could help me in producing broilers and the banker could help me finance the business. "So, we all three wen! (o Benlon county to gather some firsl-hand information. On our return, I soon began lo promote (he poultry and egg industry around Blevins. I got several farmers interested in the business and we built '14 houses to produce broilers, 350 chickens to the house. "By September 1 of 1938 we had 7fl houses completed, and from September 1, 1938, to January 1 of 1939, we produced 29,000 liroilers. We made some money on our investment and other farmers i our area became inlersicd. "By January I, 1939, we had 100 houses completed and from these 10(1 houses we produced 3f),OlXl broilers— from January 1 lo May 30. Again we 'made some money. "The first broiler season is from Scp- temlx'r 1 to January 1. and the second .season from January 1 to May oO. From our 100 houses, we plan to produce a total of 70.000 broilers from September ! of (.his year (o JUay 30 of next year. We hope to make .some money. "To achieve .success in the broiler business we have learned two essential facts. "First, is to have good, high-grade chicks lo Iwgin with. ::Second, is to disinfect thoroughly our chicken houses. "We made the above mistakes -hut now can profit from them. For instance, one fai'/ner profited so much that he lost but one chick this year- out of 400. In Business to Slay "We will start filling our houses right away with chicks, It takes about five weeks to complete this. Our equipment, in raising these chicks, is exactly the same. If we make a mistake, then all our mistakes can be corrected by one single correction. "We arc in the poultry anil egg busi- nes.s to slay. A person recently asked me if we hud a poultry association in Blevins. I told this person that we didn't—but that we bad a poultry organization of which I am president, vice-president, secrctray and tresMirer. "All that I ask a fanner lo do—if he's interested in poultry—is to build him a brooder house. Ifurnish ihe farmer all his'equipment and feed. All equipment is uniform .<nd alike. (Continued on Page Four) Pines Pool to Remain Open Until Sept. 1st The Pines swimmuig pcol will ve- niain open until September 1. it v-o.- announced Tuesday by P. A Da.'m. Jr. The pool is enjoying the boH season in its history. A Thought Death Takes No Weekend Holiday AUSTIN, Texas—M'>—Careful study of traffic stalislics indicnlcs the "Sunday driver" is responsible for a good share of Texas traffic deaths. Texas state police officials said that of 567 traffic deaths the first five months of 1!)39, 279 occurred on weekends. They suid this was out of all proportion lo Ihe volume of week-end traffic, even though it is greater than on week clnys. The officials said "thoughtless, careless, joy-riding and sometimes inexperienced" drivers apparently were greatly to blame. Lion Plea Thrown Out by Chancellor Spcer at 151 Dorado Upholds Slate's Oil Closing Order Kb DORADO, Ark-f/Pl—Chancellor W. A. .Speer Tuesday upheld (lie validity nf the Slide Oil and Gas Coin- mission's August IB order for a state- \viw)e oil production shutdown. In ini iirsil opinion the chancellor dismissed for w»nt of equity a suit brought by the Lion Oil Refinning company of El Dorado asking an in- ordor on the grounds that it was unconstitutional. The company contended that mandate, covering all controlled fields, "protended" to be a conservation measure but actually wa.s an unlawful altompt (o ;ifft>ct crude oil prices. The court held the company failed to establish the commission mandate as confiscatory or to show that the matter of oil prices had anything to do with the order. An emergency existed with respect to waste in Arkansas' producing fields at the time the order was published. Chancellor Speer said. The company, which had defied the commission order, was directed to keep its wells closed for 10 days from the date of the order, when the commission will open ;i hearing (o determine further procedure. Jeff Davis, attorney for the Lion, announced an appeal lo (lie Arkansas Supreme Court. "Passion Play" at First RLE. Church "Life of Christ" to Be Shown Here Wednesday and Thursday "The Passion Pay", or "Life of Christ." is vcritahy a treasured heritage of (lie ages, to all Christian people, whose faith is anchored in the resurrection of Jc.sus of Nazareth. The dramatic versions, given periodically in Europe, at Oberammergau; and Freiburg, arc visited by hundreds of thousands of Christian pciple, from all set-lions of (he world, at enormous expense. The public nf Hope and vicinity is to he Riven Ihe rare opportunity of seein.i; Ihe world famous "Passion Play., motion picture, based upon, and patterencd after, both Freiburg and Obermmergau productions, and actually produced in Europe, the Holy Land, and Egypt, with scpcial organ and choral music, on sound equipment, flcpiclingmany famous scenet in the Life. Crucifixion, and resurrection of Jesus, at the First Methodist church, on Wednesday and Thursday nights. Aug. ;>;> and 24 at S o'clock. Everybody is invited, and admission tickets are not nci.-ess.ary. A silver offering will be taken, to assist in paying expenses. A very gratifying departure from the usual presentation in churches is the high .spiritual level and atmosphere <n' n-,eHit;;tion and prayer established and maintained throughout lh" nnjrp p:-<\.T;,ni which lias been one of the inmianienial objectives of Ihe "Xaiional Buie.iu for Religions and management this film is being presented. This magnificicnt program in motion picture, ana sound music, is attracting immense audiences in many of the largest churches in the United Stiiic,-* ami Canada, having been exhibited in over two thousand of the principal churches, to more than one million people, during ihe past two >e.irs. A capacity audience is an •.u:i'.-.ted here. The public is very ivr.-iiiilly invited, and are urged be in their tears early. Tht- picture comes here from 3 tw:-- il-v showing in Fu>t Methodist church. Hot Springs. Cott on Fear guides more to duty gratitudc-.—C-oldsmith. NLW OKLKANS—.^--October cotton opened Tuodsy <n S.&2 and clo.-ed ,=t j sT bid. S S? afkeH. ?v.t cotton closed stcadv four points Murry Auto Team Wins Southwest SoftbaUTourney Shuts Out Bruner-Ivory of Hope, 10 to 0 for the Championship T E XARKANA SECOND East Funeral Home Defeats Bruner-Ivory for Ruuner-Up Position Murray Auto Service team of Prcs- cott shutout Bruner-Ivory of Hope, 10 to 0, to win the southwest Arkansas district Softball tournament here Monday night. East Funeral Home of Texarkana gol a 2 to 1 verdicl over Soil Erosion learn of Hope in the first contest and then came back to whip Bruner-Ivory in the third game, 3 to 2, for runner-up position. Softball Commissioner Bill Brasher announced Tuesday that the inter-district tournament between winners of Hope and the El Dorado tournament would not be held until Wednesday night. Mr. Brasher said that, rain had delayed the tournament at El Dorado and winners there had not been determined. He said that the Lion Oilers and a team froVri Warren at present were leaders. Funeral Home Wins In the opening contest Monday night, Campbell of East Funeral'Home struck out 10 batters and gained a 2 to 1 decision over the Soil Erosion team of Hope. Both teams scored all their runs in the first inning. The defeat eliminated Soil Erosion. R H E East Funeral 232 Soil Erosion 120 Murray Takes Lead In the championship game, Murray scored five runs in the "first inning after two men were retired. From then on, it was Murray all the way. The Bruner defense cracked, committing a total of eight errors. Robinson, pitcher, and Frank Ramsey, outfielder, got the only two hits off Ferguson. Robinson, Bruner pitcher, struck out 14, walked five and allowed five hits. R H E Murray Auto Service..10 5 3 Bruner-Ivory 028 In the third contest, a battle for runner-up position, the East Funeral Hom'e team scored one run in the first inning and two in the second to get the jump on Bruner-Ivory. The Hope team rallied in the final inning to score ils two runs. Campbell of Texarkana held Bruner to three hits, Robinson getting two of them. Lowe, pitching for Bruner, gave up four hits. R H E East Funeral S 4 3 Bruner-Ivory 2 3 1 Two games will be played here Wednesday night, Murray of Prescott and East Funeral Home of Texarkana meeting the winner and runner-up of the El Dorado tournament. The teams then will go lo El Dorado for two games. If more is needed to determine the winner the deciding game may be played in Hope. The winner of the inter-district tournament will be eligible to compete in the state tournament at Little Rock beginning August 30. Why N. Y. Was a Million Quarts Short Milk farmers in New York and Pennsylvania, striking for higher prices, dumped hundreds of cans of milk on the ground, leaving New York City short 1,000,000 quarts, a quarter of its daily supply. Above, pickets on the job at Buskirk, N. Y. Forest Festival at Ashdown Thursday All-Day Program Is Planned for Southwestern Counties Arson Suspected in Series of Fires State Fire Marshal Probing at Pine Bluff, Rison and Little Rock LOTT, ROCK-I/PI—Siiyini; his office is regarding with suspicion a series of destructive fires in Arkansas, recently, state Fire Marshall GJ;V E. Williams said Monday night he and a deputy will begin investigation Tuesday morning into conflagration.- at Pine Bluff and Risen. "We have no facts on which to base our suspicions." Mr, Williams said. "but it does seem a little strange thnt four major fires should follow each other in such shon order in such close proximity." He referred to he recent b!«zc which destroyed the Wright ;,nd Topf building ai Second and Poplar streets. North Little ROCA. with. S.W.0P0 damage; the fire which burned five store units at Capitol avenue ,-.nd Cane; .-treet in Little Rock; the blaze wh:rh destroyed two of Risen's principal business buildings with a 550.000 loss Sunday, and Monday's fire which, damaged the Federal Compress c.nd Warehouse at Pine Bluff. The annual forestry feslival of unit 10, Arkansas Forestry Commission which embraces Miller, Little River, and parts of Hempstead, Howard and Scvier counties, will be held at 2:30 p. m. Thursday Iwo miles north of Ashdown on highway 71. The festival will open with games and contests including wood chopping contest for men and woVrien, sawing contest, horse shoe pitching, three- lecped race, nail driving for women, i shoo kicking, rolling pin throwing, hog calling, ocw calling, cracker eating and j a greased pis catching contest. ; Forestry officials sai dthe festival is open ( othc public and urged every one t nhring his supper for picnic style eating on the grounds. Those desiring may purchase food from American Legion ptiinds at the festival site, they said. An rvcnm.G program will include a fiddlers' contest, tap dancing and a liars' contest. Music will be furnished by the .Ashdown high school band. Prizes will bo awarded winners of the contests. ,T W. K. Holiday of the United States Forestry Service will give a brief illustrated t;ilk, using the unusual and in- ireslina fodrr;,! government motion i picture. "The River." I Grtiree Laiy. assistant forester, and !,f. W. Sarcent. Jr.. regional forester. are in c'lar^e of piogiam arrangements i j The first regular radio broadcasting 1 in '.he l"nit<H States was from a trans- ' milter at the home of Dv. Frank Cor.- • CRANIUM CRACKERS Detective Quiz NO '!'.:-• isn't :i Ku^i-ian prescript;oi: >,.\\ .-i-e here. It's, .iiiit a cry i.-.j: -.:!•! To decipher ihe message. inr.;':;u'.e letters for ihe ones print- c-o. '!::!i! you discover ihe code i;?f-.i Clue: uy S for H. O for J, M ic: N". E for V. etc. 1 HJ.VV KVLKOV HKVMW PV GSVHV. SLF1H DUFRMT KKAAOVH OKPV GSVHVH .= .->'' We!!, try thi. --r.p. And v:-. o'j:. for A ha:Of!' c^cie is r ; '_' DWF XP PCSFK \VK VG: QOFJ PG HCSF PMFH WT. AJU-.'.er; on Page T'.vo 3 Shot in Rioting at a Dairy Plant Farmers Union Is Picketing Milk Station at Camden, N. J. CAMDEN, N. J.—</P>—Three men were shot and nuremous others bruised Tuesday during a disturbance at the Dairyman's League milk plant here which has bene picketed by sympathizers of a diary farmers union strike. Deputy Sheriff Lyle Jones said the shooling occured as a milk truck driven by Frank Hice of Hillsboro was entering the plant. Jones said 50 or 60 pickets rushed the truck, dumped its milk, and a 15-minute sn.uirmish followed during which stones were hurled and shots were fired. Annenberg Named in New True Bill Indicted With 6 Others for Tax Failure in Publishing Company CHICAGO.— J.-P/— M. L. Annenberg, millinairc publisher, and six others were charged by a federal grand jury Tuesday with conspiracy to defraud !he government of $137.72036 in taxes, penalties and interest on the income of ihe Consensus Publishing company and racing news service, Earlier ihis month Annenberg was accused of failing lo pay S5.54S.3S4 in income tsx. Cobb Sets Record, but Not^ Official Drives 24-Cylinder Car 369.23—Fails to Make Return Test BOONEV1LLE SALTS FLATS. Utah —'..•?>—John Cobb of London drove his 24-cylir.der "Railton Red Lion" over 3 measured mile Tuesday at more than six roiles a minute—the fastest man has ever traveled on land—but he was forced to postpone his try for an official record. Motor trouble prevented him from meeting the requirement of a return trip within the same haur. Cobb was clocked at 369.23 for the north Signs Pact With Germany, But Still Offers Allies One Britain, France Dealt Hard Blow, But Will Continue Moscow Parley NO - ATTACK" ACCORD Three Pledges Made Between Moscow and Berlin in New Treaty By the Associated Press Soviet Russia and Nazi Germany startled Europe Tuesday with the decision to conclude a non-aggression pact at a time when two other nations, Britain and France, were seeking a mutual accord with Russia. An informant hi Rome, Berlin's axis partner, reported the pact contained three main points— 1. A pledge by each country to abstain from aggression against the other. 2. The undertaking by each to remain neutral if the other were attacked by a third party. 3. Provision in case either commits an act of aggression that the other may denounce the accord. France stood in a state of alertness with an unestimated number of re- servites added to her standing army of 700,000 as the import of the Russian- German action was being weighed. Unofficial sources in Moscow said the Russian-German pact did not preclude a tri-power mutual assistance pact. French foreign office attaches said Moscow military conversations would continue. Poland was surprised, but made an effort to minimize Hitler'a stroke. In Danzig, Nazi Leader Forster declared the Free City "approaches its end." * Russia "S«W MOSCOW, Russia.— (ff) — tTnoff icial Soviet sources said Tuesday the impending Soviet Russian-Gertrtan non- aggression pact would not exclude negotiation of a mutual assistance agreement with Britain and France. British-French quarters, however, were gloomy over the announcement that Berlin and Moscow were coming to an understanding. It was uncertain whether British and French staff talks with Soviet military leaders would continue Tuesday, BERLIN, Germany— (/P)— Germany upset the whole structure of the tense middle European situaiton by announcing shortly before midnight Monday that she will conclude on-aggression pact with Soviet Russia. If there is to be war as a result of the Polish-German dispute over Danzig and the Polish Coddidor it now appeared certain that Russia will be' neutral. The position of Poland, which had been counting on the effectiveness of what Germany calls the "democratic encirclemtnt policy," appeared greatly weakened. German soldiers were massing on the Polish frontier, and now it seemed certain that if they are called upon to attack they will not have to worry about the possibility of encountering Russian troops somewhere in middle Poland. Failure of Aaglo-Ftetifh Germany's announcement of its diplomatic coup startled all Europe. It apparently meant that the months- long efforts of Britain and France to induce Russia to enter a front to back up Poland, Roumania ad other smaller Europea coutries agaist aggression had failed. For, according to the frerman announcement, Russia had agreed not to fight Germany. The announcement of Hitler's master stroke came while British and French military officers were in Moscow going over plans of strategy with ligh Soviet officers. It seemed likely that these discussions would now col- 'apso. The brief announcement here said that Foreign Minister von Ribben- :rop will arrive in Moscow Wednesday to conclude negotations. It was assured the document would signed within a day or two. Whether this would speed up or retard culmination of the Polish problem remained a question. Certainly, observers said. Germany will not take any final action agains' Poland for a day or two. But once the Russian non-aggression pact is signed Germany will have one !eis reason 10 fear involvement with Poland. Japan 'Taken Care Of.' What effect the new agreement will have on Germany's promises to Japan under the ssti-Cormntem pact — tc which Italy also is a signatory — could not be ascertained. German source: here say "You may be sure that ens'.e has been taken care of." Another question esked was whether the agreement between Japan ani Germany could be preserved in all i'-s original effectiveness if Germany (Continued on Page Four)

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