"' "' - • ''' v '~ ' v ' "'' News Given Impartially by Associated Pr£ss Hope |OLUME 43 — NUMBER 41 Star of Hopo, 1899; press 1957 Consolidated January I!' 1929 The Weather ARKANSAS - Partly cloudy and cooler ih the northwest portion Monday night; Tuesday partly cloudy and Colder. HOPE, ARKANSAS, DECEMBER 1, 1941 * Ji!ickr M 2P ns A « ocla »ed Press (NEA)—Means Newspaper Entefprlse Ass'n PRICE 5c ;?}'•* -vIV k . l^LJ f. ' Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN Old Age vs. Youth in the editorial columns of Edqor ' Wesf Nazis Suffer Worst Setback af Rostov Counter Attacks Shove Germans Back From Cau* casus Gateway MOSCOW-^)- Severely battered Ger man troops, hurled back through village after village in retreat from f Bostove that has become the biggest azi reversal of the Russian cam- ugn, have been unable to stem the Hcd nrmys counter drive and are in danger of being cut off by a new ' ""*' thrust . — v. u ueci ;~?-\ \ .... -..••'• 'A (In Be -., I-V 'German military •Spokesman declared the city of Rostov was evacuated by German troops because of fighting with civilians with resulting unnecessary losses and to take more favorable positions to meet the Russian assault. ;• W CCho, spokesman, asseoted UurttGer- 'mans in Rostov were faced by Russian forces superior in number.) Quoting dispatches to Pravda the broadcast said the new Russian thrust developed Sunday morning in ,-jthe shell-pock Donets basin northwest of Rostov where the advance might open a corridor to the sea of Azov which would cut off the hotly engaged German rearguard. Reports of Pravda declared hard riding Russian cavalrymen were the •i. first to carry the Red banner into Rostov and kept up their charge for miles beyond the city and broke up repeated German attempts to form a new line. Other Red units, Pravda said, ousted the Germans from, towns identified Y.S "B" and "K" along with many other large and small villages in a 14 mile advance over fields strewn with Nazi dead and littered with wreckage of German tanks and guns. This advance was declared to have • hurled the Nazi back to Tagnnrog 140 miles west of Rostov and then kept them on retreat along the road to ' another CO miles to the Mariup'ol, west. (British reports said that the commander of the German army in the i'south, Field Marshall Ewald von T Klicst hud moved his headquarters back to Mariupol two days ago and was now on the move again further to the rear.) ' One Injured in «Aulo Accident Paul Hanson Hurt When Auto ^ Strikes Bridge Paul Hanson, Missouri Pacific railroad worker, was painfully injured late Sunday night when the automobile which he was driving struck a Abridge near Fulton. He was riding "A few weeks ago the students of a great university held a serious discussion on the subject, What is to bo done about the old folks? 1 . . . One of the speakers is said to have stated that all international misunderstandings were the results of elderly i ideals while settlement of the strife fell lo Ihe young people. In other words, youlh had lo fight Ihe wars started by Ihe old folks. "And we can'l dodge Ihe issue. The indictment is true." Edgar Harris is nearly a gencralion ahead of me. He proposes lo plead Old Age guilty lo the indictment. But I propose to plead Youlh guilly lo Ihe very charge il levels at Old Age. For countless graduation days we have been hearing this charge that Old Age starts wars but Youth has to fight them. Bui I lay before you Ihe case of the Europe of 1920-40 as proof of my contention that Youth is more responsible, at least for the present debacle, than Old Age is. It was the young Fascists who put Mussolini inlo power, and the young Nazis who elevated Hiller. And if you offer in rebuttal the. statement that the young Germans organized the Nazis merely to rectify the injustices written into the Versailles treaty by Old Age, I can grant you this is true—and still prove my point. ,.jEof.lhe argument then restsjvifh the defending nalion, France. Old 'Age left Youth a rich and powerful France, in 1920. But by 1940 Ihis selfsame Youlh had gone Communist and wrecked the nalion from within—so that it fell at the first onslaught of an ancient enemy, I do not say Old Age is blameless. But neither is Youth—and Youth's mistakes are Ihe ones now before us, not only in other lands but in our own perhaps. * * * By WILLIS THORNTON The Price of Freedom Scarcely a heart in America but was sick when reason failed and the captive- mine controversy came to a strike instead of peaceable adjustment. Scarcely a heart but is sick to read of men shot down in bitter clashes that followed. As we write, we mutter to ourselves "Why doesn't somebody DO something?" "Why is this sort of thing permitted?" Six or seven years ago a certain young German in Ihis country was surveying the strike situalion, reading of Ihe bitterness and disorder. He W.G. Riddick Nominated by Roosevelt District Covers Also Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Dakotas, Nebraska WASHINGTON -<*)- President Roosevelt Monday nominated Walter G. Riddick of Arkansas lo fill a new position on the Court of Appeals of the Eighth District which embraces Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Arkansas, , -VITU, J'l 1.3.3U Wl | Nebraska and the Dakotas. From Little Rock LITTLE ROCK -(/P)- Wallcr G. Riddick, of Little Rock, nominated Monday to the Eighth U. S. Court of Appeals, has been a practicing attorney here since 1908. He was the current Democratic National Committeeman for Arkansas. Now 58 Riddick was born in Greene county Arkansas and obtained his law degree at the University of Arkansas and established his practice in Little Rock 33 years ago. The appointee is chairman of the Iward of the State Hospital here and is a close personal friend of Governor Homer M. Adkins. He has served by appointment as a special Associate Justice of the Stale Supreme Court and as special Chancel ler in the Little Rock district. He is also a past president of Ihe Pulaski Counly Bar Associalion and served as president of the State Bar As- sociatiori three*;yqars -••agpi,.;- -f^.-.,:,;- -, Here Explained alone. Hanson was rushed to the Josephine hospital here for treatment. Hospital attendants said he suffered severe cuts and bruises about the face and body. He was later released lo his home. f The accident occurred aboul one- half mile west of Fulton on highway 07. The automobile was damaged considerably. State police the accident. investigated CHRISTMAS SEALS Buy now and put them on your holiday mail. They cost so little but do so much. Every citizen should lend a help- in this c a/jn- ing hand voluntary payn. Talbot Feild, Jr., County Chairman Rev. J. E. Ha- City Chair- mill, man. 90% Credit on Single Houses Up to $4,000 Cost The following letter explaining the operation of Title- Six housing in a Defense Area has been received by Roy Anderson, president of Hopo Chamber of Commerce: Mr. Roy Anderson, President Chamber of Commerce Hope, Arkansas Dear Mr. Anderson: Hope has been designated a Defense Area for housing; therefore, it is eligible for Title VI operations. This office will be glad to confer with any persons who may be interested in -- — „..„„ „.,„ uiouiuci. iiu building residential units in Hope and tossed it all in our face with a tri-1 financing the cost through Title VI •--'-•-' of the National Housing Act. Briefly, Title VI operates as follows- Operative Builders who wish to build a number of dwelling units for sale or rent may qualify as borrowers and obtain loans for these purposes up to 90 per cent of the value of the property (land and improvements). The maximum loans are $4,000 on single-family dwellings, ?G,000 on duplexes, ?8,000 on triplexes and J10.500 on four- family apartment. The maximum term for any of these loans is twenty years. During the first sixty months of the mortgage the monthly payments to interest and principal will bo $7.11 per thousand. Beginning with the sixty- first month, the payments will be umphant grin: "You see? This sort of thing is not permitted in Germany." We answered, "No. But bad as il is, we believe here that it is all a part of the price of freedom, and that it is worth the price." The words came back lo us, reading Ihe current news of the mine disturbances. They arc still true words. Certainly it would have been bel- ter had John Lewis seen the light earlier, and agreed to arbitration before 30,000 tons of steel production were irrevocably lost. Certainly the lime must come, and the sooner the better, when the "1 want what I want when I want it" altitude in all men wielding a powerful influence on the general welfare must yield to a sense of proportion, a broad view of the whole people's nccessilies. But in the meantime— The President was patient, long-suffering, and careful to secure to the miners and to Lewis every inch of their democratic rights in the face of what most of Ihe country believes to have been a misuse of those rights. Other people have rights, too, and it is their right to be assured that a mighty effort being made to create defense force as a national policy is not nullified by the capricious exercise of technical rights by a small group. The "easy" solution, .on the face of it, might have been to clap Lewis into a concentration camp at the outset, and drive the miners to work at bayonet point. But that would not have been a wise, long-term solulion, and it would not have been a democratic solution. Further, it wouldn't have worked. With all our blundering, all our turbulence and lack of order, we have gotten over this hurdle, Ihough the problem is yet unsolved. Even the sick feeling we have when we see faith that ih the long run ours is the better way; that it is part of the price of freedom; and that, looking at it the long way with all the future before us, it is worth the price. (Continued on Page Three) -^4-or • Iron Workers Union to Meet Weekly Iron Workers Local Union 591 of Shreveport, La., will hold its official weekly meeting at 7:30 o'clock every Thursday night at the Hotel Barlow banquet room in Hope, H. H. Phillips, business agent and financial secretary and treasurer, announced Monday. New Highway Brings Bodcaw 6 Miles Nearer Shover Springs f Extension Is Direct Route to Bottomlands A new road spanning the impassable Bdocaw creek bottomlands of Nevada and Hempstead counties and reducing the highway-distance these farmlands lie from Hope from 30 to about 10 is now nearing completion. The new gravel highway takes off from existing county gravel at Shov- cr Springs, southeast of Hope, and runs in a direct line to Bodcaw, south Nevada county point. Checking mileage figures on a drive Saturday afternoon The Star discovered that the dislance to Bodcaw by Ihe new route is 15 miles, against 21 miles by way of State Highways 4 and 53. But besides cutting the actual distance to Bodcaw six miles the new road gives Hope immediate access to farmlands formerly reached from here only by driving east into Bodcaw and then doubling back west several miles. ..,.;. WPA-County Project Construclion of the new Hope-Shover Springs-Bodcaw highway is a joint project of the WPA with Nevada and Hempstead counties. The WPA- Nevada county project was started in 1940 and completed last spring. The WPA-Hempslead county project got under way last spring and is expected to be completed'by the en4 6frtW£'WmiHg~'JahuBry7'Cbunty' Judge" Fred Luck told The Star Monday. Construclion started .from Ihe Nevada counly line toward Hope, and 85 per cent of the grade work is now 'competed, Judge Luck said, and gravel is being laid beginning from the Nevada line. The WPA has requisitioned gravel for two additional miles during December, by which time the balance of the grade work may be completed. Nevada Project Last Year The Nevada county project last year and last spring was handled through County Judge J. C. Woodul of that county, and by Judge Luck of this county, with Chester Green as WPA supervisor for the Hempstead county end. Judge Luck said Monday the great- csl single lask, now completed, was the construction of the great highway dump across the Bodcaw bottoms in Hempstead county. Into this dump went 15,800 cubic yards of dirt, handled by Hempstead county's new drag-line. The dump lifts a modern highway put of the mud of Bodcaw bottoms, where until today all travel ceased during the rainy season. Dec. 8 Final on Alaskan Mail U. S. to Deliver Christmas Packages to Soldiers Hempstead county and southwest Arkansas families with sons in the National Guard or other Army divisions now located in Alaska may have Christmas packages delivered to them providing these packages arc mailed before December 8, according to the following Idler released Monday by Posmaster Robert M. Wilson- Mr. Robert M. Wilson, Postmaster, Hope, Arkansas My dear Mr. Wilson: The Department is in receipt of a Sti irnng report from Mr. A. D. Lawrence, Superintendent, Railway Mail Service, Seattle, Washington, stating that he is in receipt of an inquiry from (Continued on page three) ,„ Mail it early," the postmaster's warning. ™ Is a thought that takes plenty of horning ^ You may find yourself bleary. Eyed, drooping and weary, "; Still standing in line Christmas morning. 10JLHOPPIN6 DAYS TIU, CHMSTMAf' Court Favors Highway Dept. Reverses Lower Court Decision in Bridge Case LITTLE ROCK — (#")— The suprcm court held Monday thai Lee Mode Conway motor freight operator was liable for aclual damages to Fishlrap Bridge across Cadron creek in Faulk ner county which collapsed last Jan uary 27. Ruling that deliberate indifferencL to highway signs constituted negligence per so the supreme court reversed the Faulkner circuit court which found for Mode in a ?11,00( damage suit brought by the highway department. The department said the damage was 'caused by overloading Irucks. The ruling specified lhal Ihe damage lo which the state is entitled should be for value of the old bridge and not for the 511,000 which the slate sought for replacing the stand and the case was remanded for new trial. Evidence showed that the truck driver, Sylvester Zermallen, who was a parly lo Ihe defense of Ihe suil in lower court, carried massive road machinery. He testified that he had seen the warning sign before driving the truck onto Ihe span. SaengerSets a New Record 6,000 Attend Hope's Big House Over Week-ind Every record in the history of the Saengcr theater was broken this past week-end when a total of 6,000 persons bought tickets Saturday and Sunday, Manager Remmel Young said Monday. The Sunday record was smashed by "Honky Tonk", which opened to standing-room only and plays through Tuesday. The Iwo-day total of 6,000 admissions would have meant 10 years ago th^t the entire population of Hope at- tenSed the picture-show over the week-end. It's a tense moment in the traditional Bob Fv^ aVy ' ACXtreme ?««•'""*' « P-» »'te»ded for a Middy end but Bob Evans, Army center indicated by arrow, beat out the receiver and intercepted pass The Army rallied but could not stop ThVSIitS font wL W iflM \ uns ? d *" n *> a "-*>•« victory before 100,000 cheer g 'S Uurday ° Stad ' Um Bl »n«WphU (lower photo) fir the color? British Retake Italian Post Libyan Battle Narrows Down to 3 Main Fronts LONDON -Iff)— Axis forces captured Ed Duda in the Rezegh battle area of northern Libya Saturday night but Ihe British "threw the enemy oul again" in the some night, authorised sources said Monday. The report of the British counter attack was said to be based on the latest information. Where the British first encountered scattered Axis armored formations in desert battlefields, the communique said, the campaign was drawn now on three sharply defined zones: 1. Main front southeast of Tobruk where : the British joined the Tobruk garrison. 2. The Libyan-Egyptain frontiei area from Halfaya lo the north of Sidi 3mar where, the communique said: 'Our troops are now concentrating upon elimination of pockets of resis- ancc in face of determined opposi tion by Germans. 3. Southwest of the Gialo area where one British column has taken he Italian outpost of Gialo. Sticking out Ihe tongue is a gesture of derision in America, but in Tibet t is an act of affectionate greeting. Cotton By the Associated Press NEW ORLEANS Open High Low December.. 16.12 1G.24 16.12 January .... 16,26 March 16.50 16.50 16.36 May 16.58 16.48 16.45 July 16.62 16.62 16.50 October .... 1673 16.77 16 68 NEW YORK December.. 16.20 16.20 16.09 January March 16.47 16.47 16.32 May 16,54 16.54 16.41 July 16.52 16.54 16.44 October .... 16.60 16.60 16.48 Middling Spot 17.52. Close 16.19 1622 16/14 16.55 16.58 16 74 16.15 1639 16 50 16,53 16.55 Underpass on 29 Complete Structure at L.&A. Includes l!/2 Miles Paving Tiie underpass which carries Highway 29 beneath the Iracks of the Louisiana & Arkansas Railway south of Hope on the road to Shreveport is completed and open to traffic. The $90,000 project, largest highway construction job in this section in several years, was started January 16, 1941', and was accepted by the Slate Highway Department November The project includes a four-lane underpass beneath the rialroad and one nnd a half miles of paving, joining Hope city paving to the point where asphalt pavement will be laid on No 29 south to Lcwisville, which project is scheduled for completion in the spring. Although constructed for four lanes the underpass is paved on only two lanes. It was built by the Pioneer Construction company of Malvern, Joe Roland being superintendent of the project. F. C. Kyle supervised construction as resident engineer of the Stale Highway Department, the project being a joint undertaking of the state department and the U. S. Bureau of Public Roads. Nazi Setback i at Rostov Said to Affect Japanese' Answer ';li By the Associated Press Japanese envoys talked for m'orew than an hour with Secretary of Stated Hull Monday but brought no reply'% from their government to the docu-%,i ment handed Ihem lasl week re-stat-«V' mg Ihe American position in the Far'f; Eastern crisis. '4$ It was learned Monday that con-^is versation pertained only to subordant "*2 phases of the situalion and that hoS^** further discussion was arranged. * , t? Ambassador Xiohisaburo Nomura"'*'^ looked grave when he and special^! envoy Saburo Kurusu emerged from 7L Hull's office. When a reporter asked'^r whether there was still a wide gap be-?-' tween American and Japanese rela- " x tions he said: - 4 Wise Statesmen rf ,**•?*§. "I believe there must be wise statesC manship to save the situation." ^ ' In the midst of the conferences jv? President Roosevelt returned to the/; capital from Warm Springs, Ga., hav->" ing cut short his belated Thanksgiving^ holiday there in vie wof the Far Eastern developments. & Domei, authoritative Japanese news agency, said that the cabinet was* weighing the issues at hand m^the"* ".^Y 681 - crisis of the longMrduble " despiferfrea t •?~<;F'-*jr f <*r^ '• *\yf wr continue Tiegotiatio differences. , v>v . This was tentative decision onrthefS U. S. formula for peace re-stating <f' thebasic Washington principals which' r ran counter to virtually every aspect '>&», of the Japanese expansion program.' fHm Russian. War Has Bearing 'f* «s What bearing the new terms ^i^ the Russian-German war had on the decision in Tokyo coul dnot be pre-'j^' cisely assertamed but past Japanese^' 1 action so consistanlly tied up withal- developments in the European war'^ that today's step, it seemed, could not * be merely coincidence, ; a The Japanese government had ' in ^ ^i$ the back of its mind Russia's recap- V% ture of Rostov, with the routing of ' -1| the German invasion at that point "^ apparently ending all Nazi hopes of an immediate campaign into the Caucasus. " ^ Fireworks on December 11 Hope Merchants Approve Program by Vote Monday Twenty-Iwo local mei chants met at the Chamber of Commerce offiqe in.' city hall Monday morning and voted 3 to 1 to hold the Christmas fire-- 1 works program on December 11 -on the south side of the city halt }awn, \ This is the second straight year that ' the merchants of Hope have sponsored" a fireworks display during the holi, , days. Last season hundreds of persons allended. ' The vote Monday was 12; for 4 against and 6 neutral. i',i Colorado Senator Succumbs Monday WASHINGTON (/P)—Senator Adama (D.-Col.) 56, died shortly before 4 a. in. Monday from an heart attack. The senator had been confined to his bed since an atlack last Tuesday night. He entered the senate by appointment in 1923, succeeding the late Samuel D. Nicholson who died in of- tice. Many birds mate for life, and many keep within sight and hearing of their nates year in arid year gut. Odd Fish The "fan-shell," a shell-fish nearly two feet long, can snap its halves togelher in a flash to entrap any wandering fish. , Cranium Crackers Glance Backward _. As Ihis year draws to a close it's interesting to look back 12 months on the events that were in the headlines in the last days of 1940. How many of these do you recall. 1. Mexico inaugurated a new president Dec. 1, 1940. Who is he? 2. Greek troops occupied an ^1- , • banian port named after Mu,ssor lini's daughter on Dec. 6. 1940. What was it? 3. Two European nations and a vassal German stale signed up with the axis late in November, 1940. What were they ? 4. Hitler conferred with a Russian statesman in Berlin Nov 12 1940. Who was h e ? 5. President Roosevelt left the • U. S, on a cruise in December, 1940. Did he (a) meet Churchill; (b) inspect Caribbean bases; (c) visit South America on a goodwill mission; (d) go to Hawaii?
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