its Court; 4 Asks Rehearing on Refunding Issue Kef mid ing Now Out of Question, But Other Agencies 'Damaged' PEER TAX^THREAT Governor Asserts Sanatorium, Extension Service Are in Danger LITTLE IlOCK.-Describing the decision as "the most chaotic thing that has ever been done in Arkansas," Governor Bailey said Friday be would ; -tilion the Supreme Court for a rehearing and reversal of its Wednesday 4;ling voiding the emergency clause of bis highway debt refunding act and holding unconstitutional hi.s appointment of Paul Gutensohn of Fort Smith as a state senator. The petition and supporting briefs must IK- filed by September 2. The court will return from its interrupted summer vacation September 25, when it probably will take the petition under submission for a final decision October 2. „, Many Institutions Affected 'Governor Bailey said the Nyberg Beer and Liquor Tax act and the Majors Liquor Tax act of the 19^9 regular legislative session might be invalidated through lawsuits if the court failed to reverse its ruling that his ap- poiul'mcnt of Mr. Gutensohn last Jannary was unconstitutional and that the latter's vote on the refunding bill's emergency clause was void. The Nyberg act levied a tax of 53.50 per barrel or one cent a botle or 12- ,'fVnce glass of beer and a three per cent tax on the wholesale price of liquor. _ The Majors bill increased the .state liquor tax \\2 cents a gallon— from 80 cents to $1.12. Mr. Gutensohn voted for both measures, his vote being necessary in each instance to give the bill the required majority for passage in the Senate. The state tuberculosis sanatoria, University of Arkansas Medical School, Welfare Department, State Agricultural Extension Service, Arkansas Livestock • low Association and State Vocational ducation Division are among recipients of. funds derived from the Nyberg and Majors acts. "They Have Done Ilic Dunuiffc" Explaining a reversal, if voted by the Supreme Court, would not aid any immediate attempt to refund Arkansas's $1<IO,53,000 highway bonded debt, Goxernor Bailey said: "They have done the damage, insofar as refunding is concerned. They have prevented us from carrying ou * refunding program that was all read} to go through. The market was righ and we had a certain buyer for oui bonds. "But, if they don't modify that decision and they use il as a precedent for possible future decisions, they will very largely collapse the operating income of the Extension Service, the Medical School and the tuberculosis .sanatoria building program and will affect materially the Welfare Department, and various appropriations for Sie University of Arkansas." Decisions Cited »Mr. Bailey cited Supreme Court decisions bunded down in 1007 and 1909 upholding an act of 1877 which he said empowered a governor ol make temporary appointments to fill General Assembly vacancies. Such appointments, he said, were authorized to insure an affected district adequate representation in the legislature between the time a vacancy ycured and the time it was filled as flic result of a special election. The 19(17 decision was written by Associate Justice E. A. McCulloch, who later became chief justice. The 1009 decision was written by Chief Justice Joseph M. Hill of Fort Smith. "The right of a governor to make temporary appointments to fill vacancies in tre General Assembly was so well established no one ever questioned it except political opponents," Governor Bailey said. f, "Wednesday's decision was the first in which any court had ever denied the right of the General Assembly to be the sole judge of the eligibility and qualifications of its own members. There has never been another case where the court shave presumed to pass on the qualifications of a member of the legislature." Bruce Catton Says: Presenting: Fame-Winners in Fading Congress— * And How They Won WASHINGTON. -You get n different .set of "leaders" out of each session af Congress. Evnry ycnr n ccrtiiin number of 'ni'cn stand nut as the ones who (ire most influential with Ihcir fellows. The group which they compose is worlh .studying, been use it limy contain the next president—or possibly the ncxt-prcsidcnl-afler-thc-nexl. Certainly it contains the men, who, for one Tcnson or another, hnvc been most effective in shuumn their country's policies. Sometimes ;\ man gets in this group by his eloquence. Sometimes he gets there by n plodding enrnestness which makes him ;in acknowledged authority on sonic piiHiL'id;ir .subject. Si/mttiincs he gets there .simply bec;iusc his colleagues have come to have especial re.spet-t for his intelligence find his knowledge. Sometimes his rise is due to his political shrewdness; sometimes il is simply due to bis prcidcntiul-yenr political "aviiilability." Ten Standouts In nny case, here is a sample list of the men who, in the session just ending, have risen to prominence in (lie "loader" class: Congressman Kugenc Cox. Georgia Democrat, for his dominance of the all- powerful House rules coVn'miUce and bis effective opposiliin to all aspects of the New Deals labor program. Linked with him in the same bracket is Congressman Howard VV. Smith, Virginia Democrat. Congressman Joseph W. Martin, Massachusetts Hepublicin. the minority leader, who gave bis party remarkably shrewd and effective generalship throughout the session. Congressman Clifton Woodrnm, Virginia Democrat, who was more influential thin any other man in Congress on bills affecting the WPA. In the saVni: connection, Congressman John Tabor, New York Republican, can also be given credit for some bgihly effective work. Congressman Carl Vinson of Georgia and Andrew J. May if Kentucky, both Democrats, who had charge of the bills, respectively, and who piloted huge navy and army appropriation them through the House successfully. Mr. May might also tike a bow for •allying more anti-TVA sentiment than had previously been evident in the House. Senator Arthur Vandenberg. Michigan Republican, for consistent and intelligent opposition to New Deal projects, ranging all the way from revision of the neutrality law to the Flirida ship canal and extension of the President's monetary powers. Alsc; noteworthy on the neutrality issue were Senators Bennett Clark of Missouri. Hiriam Johnson of California, Wllia iniE. Borah of Idaho, and Gerald Nye of North Dakoti. Senator Alva Adams. Colorado Democrat, for a steady fight for economy, Senator Rolicrt Tafl, Ohio Republican, for a workmanlike job nuclei rithcr trying circumstances. Senator Josh Lee of Oklahoma, foi a persistent fight for tenant farn loans. Senator James E. Byrnes of South Carolina, for a widened sphere of influence on many mittcrs. Among other things, be put through the reorganization bill—and the bow for this can be shared by Congressman John J. Coehran of Missouri and Lindsay Warren of North Carolina, Democrats. 'Senatir Claude Pepper, Florida Democrat, for steady pro-New Deal efforts plus a tireless, though unsuccessful, fight for the Townsend pla.n. Senator Carl A. Hatch, New Mexico Democrat, for putting through the Hope Star WHAT H KK Arknnsa* — Portly cloudy Saturday nitjlit and Sunday; thunder showers and cooler in northwest portion Sunday. VOLUME 40—NUMBER 2(56 HOPE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, AUGUST 19, 1039 PRICE 5c COPY ON POLISH FRONTIER Softball Tourney Will Be Resumed Here Saturday Prescott Teams Will Open Second Round at 7:30 o'Clock 3 GAMES SCHEDULED G-Men in a New Crime War, Name Corruption No. 1 "The Big Fix" Makes Possible a Flourishing Underworld HUNT FOR LEADERS (Continued on Page Three) Field to Be in Shape, Finals Will Be Played Monday Postponed twice because of ruin, Ilic Southwest Arkansas District Softball tournament will be resumed at. Fair Park Saturday night with three contests .scheduled. The opening game, beginning at 7::)0 o'clock, is scheduled IxHween Murray Auto Service and 282 Service Stattion teams of Prescott. East Funeral Homo of Te.xarkana meets Nashville in the second game. The loser will be eliminated from tho tournament as both of these teams lost in the opening session Wednesday night. Soil Erosion tfa'uV of Hope will play (he loser of the Mnrra.v-^H2 game, which will eliminate another team from district play. The admission will be 10 and 25 cents. Finals will be played next Monday night. Tile winner and runner-up of the tournament will then go into action next Tuesday night against winners of the El Dorado tournament. The Bruncr-Ivory team of Hope, winner of a double-header last Wednesday night, will not sec action until the finals Monday. Brunei" defeated Nashville and East Funeral Home of Tcxarkana. Barring rain, Softball Commissioner Bill Brasher said the field would be in shape for play Saturday night. He hoped for a large crowd. 135 Persons Enroll in Singing School Enrollment in the Shaver Springs singing school, conducted by H. C. Kennedy and Miss Mamie Lilcs of of Tcxarkana, has reached 135. The school will continue for another two weeks, with classes being held daily from fl a. m. to 3:30 p. m. Persons interested in enrollment may get in touch with Oscar Phillips or George Crews. New Series of Articles on the Story of "The Big Fix" Hy Al' I\IOK<;AN M. BEATTV Feature Service Writer WASHINGTON-Tho G-Yrton and their allies arc drawing a bead on the daddy of ,ill the rackets! They're after the crime behind crime. They've got Ihcir eyes on the Big Fix. Without (his worst racket few illegal short culs to wealth could survive. Crime would disappear as an organized force. The criminal would revert Long's Aide Is Key to Inquiry CRANIUM CRACKERS Know Congress'.' Congress, adjourned, is going out of the headlines. Here are a few last-minute questions abi>ut the nation's chief legislative body. 1. Does a Senator receive a higher annual salary than a Heprcs- cnUitives? 'i. Which state has the most members in the House of Repre- » culativcs. 3. Name the presiding officers ul the Senate and the House. 4. Name the six states that have only one Representative. !i. How many billions of dollars did the 76th Congress appropriate during the session just concluded? Answers on Page Two Background With the end of prohibition and gangsterism, Americans sat back to enjoy a long vacation from crime, only to be rudely shocked by the racket era. Recent disclourcs in New York, Kansas City and Louisiana show it to be still with us. And federal officials have begun another . nation-wide drive on The AP Feature Service asked J. Edgar Hoover and others about the crime situation, and obtained amazing statistics and facts. Morgan M, Bcatty here analyzes these and other records in a series of rapid-fire stories about the modern- day struggle between the law and the underworld. Here i.s the first of the three stories. !o his old furtive, hunted, way of life, unprotected by crooks in high Maces. The light of truth would return to that wise old saw, "Crime docs not pay." The first objective in a nationwide drive in one Louis (Lepke) Buchalter, a bulbous-nosed New York parasite who has been charged with selling protection to legitimate business for years—at the point of a gun and at the end of the arc of a bomb. Between them, Thomas E. Dewey, New York's racket-buster, and J. Kdgar Hoover's Federal Bureau of Investigation have put a price of §30,000 on Lepkc's scalp. Some folks have the idea that potential Republican prcsidcntal candidate Dewey and Democratic Attorney General Frank Murphy, Mr. Hoover's boss in Washington, are rivals for custody of Bucr- alteer. It's true, the capture and con- tion of Buchalter would be a political asset. The principals deny any such rivalry, ;md insist they are coopernt- At the Battle of Bund Quiz '0 Routine questioning nearly turned to violence as Dies committee on un-American activities opened Washington summer session. Representative Joe Starnes of Alabama, left, asked Fritz Kuhn if purpose of his German-American Bund was to establish Nazi government In America. "That's a lie!" roared Kuhn, as shown at right. Starnes leaped to his feet, advanced. "You can't call me a liar!"he bellowed. But reporters, other committee members cooled them off. Alice Lee Grosjean Tharpe By MASON DIXON NEA Service Special Correspondent BATON HG'UGE, La.—A secret file o£ pho.tosUitic records covcimg inside story of the regime of Governor Huey Long and his successori— A slender, bright-eyed young wom-(£ an, once secretary and confidential advisor of the Kingfish himself, now spurned and turned out of office by one of the men who followed him— These two elements enter into the latest turn in the investigation of Louisiana scandals by the East Baton Rouge grand jury. The girl is Alice Lee Grosjean Tharpe, once termed by Long as damned best man in the state." (Continued on Paee Three) (Continued on Page Three) Texan Sought by Louisiana Freed Federal Judge Turns Freeman Burford Loose Over U. S. Protest DALLAS, Tc-x.-(/)')—A federal judge released OP a writ of habeas corpus Friday Freeman Burford, wealthy oilman of Dallas, indicted in Louisiana on charges of conspiracy to violate the Connally "hot. oil" act .then caustically critici/cd conditions in that state. Burford was indicted with foi'mer Gov. Richard W. Leche and Seymour Weiss who, Judge T. W. Davidson asserted, used their official status "to cash in." Weiss i.s a dominant figure in Louisiana politics. Assistant Attorney General O. John Rotw declared Burford would be "picked up' in some other federal district, lie said the ruling, which also denied a removal order, held only in the Northern district of Texas. An appeal was under consideration. Rogge asserted Judge Davidson's opinion would have no effect upon the indictments in Louisiana. Judge Davidson held that payment of S1IK).(Mil) by Burford to Weiss in connection with sale in May of 1936 of his Louisiana-Texas pipeline for $950.000 was a legitimate business commission. He held there was no evidence to show Burford knew "he was a part of and contributing to an unlawful conspiracy by which the governor-elect of Louisiana and Seymour Weiss, (be political bo-,s, expected to put some money in tht.ir pockets.' Testimony of A. C. Glassell, then president of the Pelican Oil and Gasoline Company, that 548,000 paid by Burford to Weiss was upon the order of Glassell and "without any instruc- "tbei ''" n ;1 s ^° wb.v it was being done" re- Mrs. i 'm'oved "the last particle of guilt that, may be charged to Burford." Judge Davidson s.'id. Bored or weary? Representative Martin Dies, chairman of House committee on un-American activities, rests during questioning of Fritz Kuhn, leader of German-American Bund. Summer session of quiz opened with inquiry into Nazi activities in U. S. Campbell Breaks the Boat Record Englishman Drives Bluebird 'Second to Record of 141MPH CON1STON. Eng.— Wl— Sir Malcolm Campbell shattered all existing speed records on water when he roared over Lake Collision Saturday in the average time of 141.74 miles an hour for two trips along a measured mile. His Bluebird Second, with the old engine which the late Sir Henry Sca- gravc used seven years ago, top speed on the south run, Campbell was clocked at 141.8"). hit its when Lion Wells Are Permitted to Run Lion Obtains Injunction— Commission Seeks One of Its Own Retired Mayor of Philadelphia Dies S. Davis Wilson Quit Office Only Week Ago —Was 57 Years Old PHILADELPHIA, I'a.~(/T>)-S. Davis Wilson, who retired only last week as mayor of Philadelphia because of illness, died Saturday. He was 57. Wilson, one of the most coolrful mayors in (he city's history, retired August 11 with more than four and a half 'm'onths of his term yet to run. Dr. George Wilson, Ins physician, gave the cause of death as a stroke and high blood pressure. Park Amusement Expresses Thank the EL. DORADO. Ark.-Lion Oil He- fining company's Jones sand wells in Shulcr field flowed again Friday night after a permanent injunction was issued in second division chancery court late Friday, enjoining State Police fro'm shutting clown flush wells as ordered by tho Arkansas Oil and Gas Commission Wednesday, The suit, filed by lion lawyers, was heard Friday by Chancclor W. A. Spccr. A platoon of Slate Police, headed by Supt. Gray Albright, shut down 52 of the Lion's Jones sand wells in Shulcr and padlocked them. Following Chancellor Spccr's ruling Friday, oil commission engineers and Lion employes started opening the wells. Under the chancellor's ruling which was agreed to by lawyers for both sides, the restraining order was made permanent. The Lion hud asked for a temporary injunction. 3V2 Inches Rain Here Past 2 Days Nearly Two,Inches Fell in Hour and Half Friday Afternoon Frii lay afternoon's c 1 n u d b U r S t brought 1.75 inches of rainfall in an hour and a half, the Fruit and Truck Branch Experiment station reported Saturday. The total rainfall the past two days measured on the official instruments H.52 inches. Friday's rain stalled automobiles and flooded downtown and residential! streets. Although there was some wind and lightning, there were no re- unrts of danviqc in Hope or over Hempstcad county. Masonic School Is Held in Hope Large Attendance for the Opening of First of Three Sessions Germans Massing Troops on Polish- Slovakia Boundary Nazis Intensify Propaganda Barrage Against poles' Republic SLOVAKIAJS TAKEN But Germany Insists Military Occupation Is by Treaty By the Associated Press German troops were stationed along at least 100 miles of the Slovak-Polish frontier Saturday as the German press and Nazi officialdom intensified the campaign against Poland. A radio anniuncement in Bratislava said Germany had taken "military possession" of the country. In Berlin it was stated authoritatively, however, that German military activity in Sloavkia was limited to occupation by German troops of the zone agreed upon last March. Hungarian in Italy ROME, Italy-(/P)-Foreign Minister Count Csaky of Hungary remained in Italy for the week-end to resume nis conferences with Premier Mussolini on the European situation. Authoritative Italians said their con- versatinos, presumably on Hungary's place in the growing crisis as an anti- comintern ally of Germany and Italy, would be resumed after the Budapest government has considered the outcome of Csaky's talks here Friday with Mussolini and Count Ciano. Farley Meets Pope CASTEL GANDOIFO, Italy— (IP)— Postmaster General James A. Farley, after a private audience with Pope Pius the :2th, said Saturday the pontiff is is extremely anxious that peace reign througout the world, and is doing everything possible toward that objective. . -. , Farley,,herc- ?n a Eist<r>2an tour, ha^ a 15-rhiunte talk with his holiness,"discussing world and American affairs. BRATISLAVA, Slovakia. -(&>>- The Bratislava radio station announced Friday night that "owing to the existing situation" Germany has taken military possession of Slovakia. The announcement, for reasons unexplained, was made in English—a language which most of Slovakia's 2,600,000 inhabitants do not understand. A military agreement ratified Friday between Slovakia and Germany, places the little Slovak army of 30,000 and reservists numbering 300,000 under German command. Alarming rumors which had circulated through the capital all day, seemed verified Friday night. They were: 1. A German military governor will assume control in Bratislava, the capital. 2. Expanded operations by German troops in Slovak territory, near the Polish border. 3. Gen. Ferdinand Csatlos, Slovakia's minister of war, has threatened to resign as a protest against domination of Slovak armed forces. 4. The Slovak National Council has virtually surrendered its authority over internal affairs to German leaders, who only last March guaranteed Slovakia's independence for 26 years. Slovakia's frontier extends for 200 miles along the southern border of Poland, giving German troops a chance at a wide-swinging flank attack on Polish industrial centers in south central Poland should war come. The area of Slovakia is about 14,000 square niles since it became an independent republic on the eve of Czecho-Slova- da's breakup. Show Will Close Two- Week Engagement in Hope Saturday The management of the Park Amusement company of Lake Charles, I.a., which completes its two weeks of entertainment Saturday njghl. and which was recently voted the cleanest carnival in the United States, expresses its heartfelt gratitude and appreciation toward the citizens of Hope and adjacent places, for hteir splendid spirit of good will and co-operation in making it possible to entertain on this as well as other occasions. Especially mentioning appreciation! grand masters and 12 instructors, of the activities and kindness shown j Tho second session will be held next by the City and County officials, the! Friday night. All Masons .are urged to attend. The Masonic school will Twelve Masonic lodges of Arkansas were represented hero Friday night for the first of three Masonic School of Instructions, sponsored by Whilfield lodge 23i). There was a large attendance for the opening session, including two grand lodge officers, four district deputy Young Men's Business Association, and the churches, commercial houses and The Hope Star. "If we were to itemize the kindnesses extended to us by the citizens of this and nearby communities, it would take a large space of newspaper to record il." stated Mr. and Mrs. Cliff Lislcs, ami similar expressions of appreciation vcre made by other 'mem- The planets all move around the sui bers of the carnival, said John E. Web- in the same direction and lanios ster and Chaplain Ralph Curtis Jones. ; in the same plane. close Friday night. September 1, when the third session will be held. Visiting Masons here Friday night were from Texarkana, Little Rock, Malvern, Ashdown. Camden, Murfreesboro, Doddridge. Prescott and othei southwestern towns. Did You Hear School Bells? MIAMI. Fla.—(A'i—Florida's Miaw- bcrry schools have opened for the 1930-10 season. The chief of them is Turkey Creek high school in the rich strawberry section east of Tampa. They are public schools in widely- scparted sections of Florida's winter vegetable and fruit counties that hold classes Wosi of the summer so they can let the pupils out to help with the crops in the rush January, February and March harvest season. Even in the bean and tomato sections, they're called strawberry schools Ixi- eause they started in the Hillsborough and Pol county sections between Tampa and Lakeland where strawberries provide the chief winter money crop. Commencement comes at Christmastime. Cotton NEW ORLEANS.— (fPi— October eoi- ton opened Saturday at 8 8S ajid d'.>_-- cd at 8.83. Spot cotton closed 4 points lower, middling 8.SS.
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