Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on January 5, 1938 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Wednesday, January 5, 1938
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Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex. H. Washburn Crazy Talk — Smart Guy H ERE's slraniru laM^iiaRo from a spokesman of the nu- w tionai KoveriniK'iit— Chairman Marrinur EccloH of the Federal Reserve Hoard testifying before a senate committee Tuesday, as reported by the Associated Press: "lie opposed repeal of the undistributed profits tax- as 'the most deflationary thiiiK that could be done'. It was unsound, he said, to contend that repeal would be a good • thing because it would permit corporations to reduce debt and lay away reserves against times of stress. No reduction of private debt is desirable, he said, adding that 'we have never experienced an expansion of business activity without an expansion of debt.' " f Mr. Ecdcs talks fine in theory — but how about the man whose name is on the note for that private debt, and who is personally responsible? The federal government, according to Mr. Roosevelt, will owe close to ;!!) billion dollars at the end of the next -fiscal year, and that doesn't worry Mr. Eccles at all, because Mr. Eecles doesn'l have it to i >, Buying Power Cut > by Rising Prices Recession Cause • Eccles, Federal Reserve Head, Suggests "Spending a JJillion "DON'T CUT DEBTS" Reducing Private Debt Would Be "Deflationary,"Is His View • WASHING-TON. .,Vi - Chamnan Marrmer Kcclcs of the Federal Reserve Board told a senate committee Tue.sday that iniTL-a.se> I governinc-nt spending and a compact between government, industry and labor for lower » costs in the construction industry would go far toward ending the present flepicssion. "II the government put a billion dollars into circulation it would, in my opinion, stop the recession," he said, but he cmphasi/.ed that he was making : 0L no definite rcc-oimni-'iKlation to this effect, only answering <|iu-stions ns to , what would be the result. He testified before a special senate committee, under the chairmanship of Senator Byrnes (Dc-iii.. S. C. >, which ^ started '1 ue.sday a search for the * causes of unemployment and remedies which congrc.xs might apply to business ills. Trices K.vccrd Iliiyhij; I'ouer Primarily. Week's .said, the recession wa-s the re.suIt of prices rising faster if i than the purcnasmn power ot most of the people. When a certain point in this movemi-nt was readied, lie explained, recovery from Hie old depression "fii-t out of balance ' Beyond that, he expressed belief lhat ccrtajn rigid prices weir a M nous defect ill 9 the ecrnofic .system. Somr M-rUon.s of industry and ol or gam ml labor, principally allied with construction, refused t operinit a drop in prices ami wages between l'.)2'J and lit.'U coniim-nsurat',' with the dccrc.iM.' in oilier lines, he 0 asserted. "Labor as wt-ll us industry would be better oil.' he said, "if they voluntarily look ir reduction lhat put cost and wagrvs u hi-n- they were before the advance ol I'.Uti." He ackiu'wlt ili'.cd lhat then- wen- it many uhMacli-:. to such a compact, principally a ju>tdlahic demand from labor for a guarantee of bigger yearly income in lelurn lor a deci eased | hourly wage. A.s lor what Congiess should do now, £ he advocated "a bottom" below which the wagr.s of llu- lower paid workers could not fall. He- said "the most important thing al the inoini'iit is to .sustain consumer buying power." Opposes Krpcal of Tux He opposed repeal of the undiMnbiil- £ cd profits tax as "the m>>M delfalion- ary thing that could be clone.-. It wa.s tm.sound, he .said, to contend that repeal would be a HI««1 tiling because it would permit corporations lo reduce debt and lay away reserves agamsl times of stress. No reduction of pri- ™ vate debt is desirable, he said, adding that "we have never experienced an expansion of bu.smi-.ss activity without an expansion of debt. Since early m the f.dl. hi 1 testified, industrial production ha.-, fallen' al the 0 sharpest rate- of decline on record.' The principal cau.sc.s be riitiiwraU'd as: A rapid advance in prices. An accompanying increase in inventories. A downturn in construction, especially residential building. " A steep decline- in government expenditures, reducing the government's "construction lo general buying power." The inability of the railroads to spend for maintenance of crjuipmcnl, f a result of the high price level. Recovery from the old depression, he said, had at first been "orderly" and "stable" but finally got "out uf balance" due to a "distortion of prices." 'Trices went up," he explained, "while the buying power of a great ^ proportion of the population did not." Qmiles Kigiii'i's on Here;>.sion From Memory Speaking without prepared text and (Continued on Page Three) 1. Where is t World".' 2. "Claro" and "Maduro" designate colors of cigars. do they indicate'. 1 3. In what form.-, of of the Wbut colors doe matter 4. Did any man escape death in Ihe Ouster massacre? 5. Was the term "The Forgotten Man' coined recently'.' Answers oil Classified 1'iigc personally. Mill if the debt was, say, $.'(9,0(10, and it was a personal note to secure some private company's debt, and Mr. Eccles' name wa.s on that note as endorser, then Mr. hccle.s would change his whistle. He would owe lhat money personally—and no man worth anything to his country can sleep well under the shadow of u debt which threatens to become pcrpututil. To deny that is lo dispute human nature it.self. Mr. Eccles lalks like an educated fool. What business i.s complaining of in the undistributed profit* tax i.s simply this: Thai the govern- n.ent. assuming every corporation is rich, today makes the corporation pay out nil its earnings in dividends so the stockholders can In- taxed as they receive these so distributed, but are kept by the earnings; and if the earnings aren't corporation, then the corporation is taxed from one-sixth to one-third of the iimounl retained. The complaint of American business, then, is simply this: Thai mo.st corporations are not rich but are actually in debt; that most corporations are not big. but are little—|in,| that average-sized and little lju.sinc.ssus like these, caught with a debt on (heir hands when the panic began, have had to pay the government from 15 to 110 pel- cent lax on nvmey they saved up to pay off a debt. But if they didn't do so—if they went ahead and paid out dividend's before paying their just debts— you yourself wouldn't waste lime declaring the proprietors ought to lx- in jail . . . and you would he perfectly right. The trouble with Mr. Roosevelt and his billions-da'/./.led advisors is that they have been dealing in generalities so long, and .so long luive been accustomed to running goveiiiment at a loss rtnd operating with an ever-climbing debt that they now recommend private business do the same thing. In the la.st analysis Mr. Eccles' statement simply means that the government not only frowns on private thrift but in dealing with small businesses actually offers llu-m a bonus of 15 to ;{() per cent in lax-relief if they will just keep on being in debt. This i.s a madman's logic—but n politician's procedure. Having bludgeoned emergency taxes out of city business Ihe last <»uple of years, at a rate and for a purpose that couldn't go on forever without heitiK passed lo Lhc people in new high prices, the U vcmincnl now faces the ques- ts government or business going lo be "deflated"'.' It's going lo be one or the other— and it i.s Mr. Kcele.s' problem as an admiui.slralion spokesman to find the book and the page that justifies hi.s official position. if lie talk.s cra/y be acts as wisely a.s could I.M.- cx|>ected under the cir- cimi.stanci.-.s. Hog Production Is Profitable Here Forest P. Owens Markets Approximately $1,000 Worth a Year H.v Cl.tl-'KOIUJ L. SMITH Hi-mpMcad Comity ASCII! Tin- production of pure-bred Hampshire hogs has proved .successful a.s a supplementary cash income to Forest I'. Owens of Mine Creek township, Ih.-mpslead county. Mr Owens carries out a general di- vensified type of farming and .stales that be sells approximately -$1,01)0 worth of hoys each year. His foremost reason |o r earning large profits from bi.s boys is the fact lhat he grows all of his feed and keeps the hogs gra/.mg on a good pasture which consists of Bermuda grass supplemented with a number of clovers and les)K.-de/.a. The Hampshires have proved to be prolific according to Mr. Owens. The sows produce from five to thirteen pigs to a litter. From eight to ten brood sows are kept on the farm head- id by a registered Hampshire boar. A ready sale is found for the pigs at $8 to $10 each, and Ihe sows sell for S30 In $35. for prolein and mineral supplement, a large acreage is planted each year to peas, peunuls, and velvet beans. A large portion of the legumes are har- vcsied by turning the hogs in the fields in the fall. Well-built n.snilary houses are provided lor the hogs in the winter and the pigs are fed separately from the grown hogs in order that they can be given the proper rations and. too. the l-ii^b are mil so apt to get hurt while eating Mr. Owens states that all of the hogs are vaccinated regularly against hog cholera, and that they are seldom bothered with lice for when Hie least sitfu is present, crude oil or cylinder oil i.s used to destroy them. Hope Star WEATHER. Arkanxux—nrir, 8 lif/hlly warmer Wednesday nif/hl; Thursday ^rily cloudy. VOLUME 39—NUMBER 72 HOPE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 5, 1938 PRICE 5c COPY SUTHERLAND Lowest Fire Loss in Years Reported Here During 1937 Loss on Buildings Alone Is .$1,300 — Loss on Contents $900 LICENSE DEADLINE MOSCOW, Russia.—l/l'i—An American Wednesday identified the passport photograph of Ruth Marie Rubens, New York, as that of a woman who gave her name as "Mrs. Donald i, Robinson" before disappearing in Moscow December 9. Tie person making the identification interviewed (he woman at a Moscow hotel before she vanished. Mrs. Robinson is now reported under arrest. A photograph of Adolph Arnold Rubens could not be identified. The heiress to the crown of the kingdom of the Neherhmds, Princess Juliana, is a redhead. Suspect Pleads Guilty in Philadelphia Case _ LOUISVILLE, Ky.~ (Vf'j -Wendell Forrest Bowers, sought since December 13 in connection with the robbery- slaying of Mrs. Wilma V. Carpenter, 38. Philadelphia widow, pleaded guilty t/j a federal fugctivc warrant at arraignment Wednesday, and was returned ot jail to await the arrival of Pennsylvania authorities. February 28 Fixed as Last Day tor Purchase of CityTags Cili/.cns of Hope sustained the lowest fire loss during 1937 in many years, a report .submitted to the city council Tuesday night by Fire Chief J, K. Sale. showed. The report said that the insurance Ifiss on all buildings including residences was only 51,300. Loss on insured contents of buildings was estimated at $900. There was a total of 53 fires during the past year, 28 of which were grass fires, lour out-of-town alarms answer- til, three motor vehicle fires. 11 flue fires, six fires at residences and one freight car of cotton. It was estimated that Hope citizens paid various insurance companies $(15,000 for protection ot buildings and residences against fire during the year 19,')7. The city government will receive me per cent of this amount, or approximately $li50, City Treasurer Charles Reynerson reported. This amount goes to the firemen's pension fund. Autd License Dale The council adopted a motion by Alderman K. G. Mamilton fixing February 28 as the final date to purchase 1938 city automobile license at the regular price of $2.50. ,'from March 1 to March 10 a $1 penalty wlil be assessed, making the lotal east $3.50. Alter March 10 the totnl cost will bo $5. There will be no extensions, the motion said. Persons desiring special numbers are urged lo buy their license at once. Ask Junk Itemovid A committee of three, Dr. P. B. Carrigan, city health physician, and Aldcr- meus F. D Henry and L. A. Keith were appointed to confer with District Highway Kngineer C. 0. lluunas for the removal of old cars and "wrecked 1 automobiles from the right-of-way on Highway G7 at M. Becky garage west of the city. j Dr. Carrigan condemned the plac- ' ing of old cars on the right-of-way, pointing out that it constituted a "per- j pttual haxzard lo the motoring public, i was an eye sore lo all visitors and was a very unatractive approach to the City of Hope." Dr. Carrigan al.su reported that sewerage lines in Ward Two were in need of repair. An inspection wa.s to be made Wednesday. Arthur Erwin appeared before the council and asked extension of water and sewerage mains on South Walnut street with the city bearing the cx- ix-n.sp. The patter wa.s discussed at length, but there was no official action. Stephcnsdii Resigns C. A. Stephenson, who has been employed by the city as trash hauler, resigned, effective January 1. The council adopted a motion by Alderman Charles Taylor to employ Henry Simpson for the vacancy. The job pays $!)U per month. Simpson will be transferred from Ihe street department, leaving a job that pays $150 per month. The vacancy left by Simpson on the street department force will be discussed at the next meeting of the council. The council adopted a motion by Alderman Carter Johnson to purchase a new transformer lor Ihe Water & Light Plant, cost of which will be more than $300. The matter was then referred to the Board of Public Affairs for consideration, which passes on all purchases, of more than $300. Concluding the session, the council voted to purchase a private-owned light line from J. K. Schooley at a cost of $42. Soviet Prisoner Is Held Under Alias Marie Rubens Gave "Mrs. Robinson" as Her Name in Russia District 10 Meet Here 2 Saturday Basketball, Track and Literary Events to Be Arranged The annual meeting of District 10 of the Arkansas Athletic association will be held at 2 p. ni. Saturday in the high school building here, Miss Beryl Henry, superintendent of schools, said Wednesday. H. B. Brawner of Texarkana is president of the district association and is expected to preside over the meeting. Dates and places for the boys and girls district basketball tournaments will be decided upon at the meeting as well as the dates and .sites for the district literary and track events. Flection of officers for the ensuing year will climax the meeting, Mi.ts Henry said. All members of the district group are urged to lie present. Timber Protection Program Outlined District Forester Tells Owners How Aid May Be Obtained' Navy Expansion Is Determined Upon by the President Roosevelt Calls Navy and Congress Chiefs to White House ENLARGE PROGRAM Will Increase Present Plans Providing for Only 18 New Ships WASHINGTON.—(/P»—While House officials indicated Wednesday lhat President Roosevelt was about to give the "go ahead" signal on an expanded Navy construction campaign. They said the president had called to the White House, to discuss a program to supplement that providing for 18 new .ships in the regular budgel for next year, Charles Edison, assistant Cecrctary of the Navy, Admiral William D. Leahy, chief of naval operations, and congressional leaders. Recent inquiries to the district forester nt Magnolia, have resulted in the following questions and answers: 1. What must be done to place timber land under firt protection? This involves signing an agreement. The owner of timber land may place the protection in the hands of the Arkansas State Forestry Commission at a total cost of 'i cents per acre per year. The Federal Government putting up amatch sum. 'ii. What is this fire protection? Fire protection involves detection and .suppression. 100-foot steel lookout towers have been constructed at 15-mile intervals in the stale for the purpose of detection nf forest fires. An interval of 5 minutes is the standard time between origin and discovery. The forest ranger, who is always on call, is then dispatched to the fire. Smoke can be detected from 45 to 75 miles. .'). How much timbered land i,s now under agreement for protection in the .state'.' On October, 1!)37, there were 11,05(1,- liOO acres under protection. In Protection Unit Nine, with headquarters in Magnolia, there are 180,000 acres under cooperative agreement. •1. About how many fires have been suppressed by the Forestry Commission this past year? AlKiut 1.50(1 fires have been suppressed this past year in the state at. a whole. 133 of these fires have been in Protection Unit None. 5. What sort of notice must he given when burning any new ground, field, grasslands, or woodlands adjoining woodlands or grasslands of another person? Notice must be given to some Forestry Ranger or Towennan before the burning i.s done. This is order that the J'owerman will know the origin of the smoke, and will eliminate the necessity of a forestry ranger traveling many miles to there false alarms, i. tamped post-cards may be obtained from any ranger or towennan. This is required under the Cole-Criilchfield forest fire law. Leviathan's Sale Hurts Nevada Emmet Man Held in Wagon Crasli Tip Chambless Charged With Leaving Scene of an Accident Tip Chambless of Emmet, arrested Monday night in connection with a highway accident just south of Prescott, posted bond and was released from the Preseotl jail late Tuesday afternoon, according to Sheriff Brad Bright of Nevada county. TlV? accident occwred on HisVrway fi7 when a truck driven by Chambless struck two wagons and killed two mules. The wagons were occupied by Ishmael Woodard, Earl and Mark Smith. Chambless will be given a hearing at Prcscott Thursday on a charge of leaving the scene of an accident, the sheriff said. Sheriff Bright said that the two wagons, close togelher,' were headed south toward Emmet and that the truck driven by Chambless was headed north toward Preseotl. Both wagons were using a single light, the rear wagon having a lantern on it, (.he first wagon having no lights, according lo the sheriff. Chambless struck the unlightcd wagon first, then sideswiped tho second wagon which was lighted, and kept going. Two mules were killed, both wagons damaged, but no one was injured, Sheriff Bright said. CARSON CITY, Nev.-(/Hi-Although an inland state and largely desert. Nevad;j had been enjoying a neat bit of revenue from the big liner Leviathan. This wns cjisclosed when the vessel was sold recently to Great Britain for scrap iron. The United States Lines, former owner of the liner, is n Nevada corporation and the ship was carried on the assessment rolls at $150,000. Mass Deaths of Deer Are Laid to Poison LOS ANGELES—i,Vi~ The mysici- ious death of many deer in the country back of Los Angeles is being imes- tigated by stale officials. Donald D. McLean, economic biologist, found bodies of 103 of Ihe animals in an area nine miles long. All had been healthy just before the> died, apparently of poison. 1):e only symptom observable was a "rather blind wandi'rinj; toward wM- i'i," McLean said. Deny Damages in Death on Railroad Nevada J u r y Refuses Damages for Man Who Slept on Track PRESCOTT-(/l>i-A jury in circuit court, refused Tuesday to grant damages to the heirs of ,1 man who lay down on the railroad track, went to sleep and was run .over and killed by u train. The children of S. A. Bullard of Louisiana had sued the Missouri Pacific Lines for $50,000 for the death of their father which occurred near Eeirne. Clark county, on the morning of June 18, 1!)33, He wa.s run down by the southbound Sunshine Special. Lawyers for the plaintiff argued that the engineer should have discovered Ballard's perilous plight and stopped his train because there is a straight stretch of track for a mile at the scene of the accident. Miss Lena Ballard of Little Rock was one of the plaintiffs. Baillard, 50, a carpenter, was reared in Prescott but had lived in Louisiana for several years. Censorship Looms for Jap Territory j Japan Takes Over Chinese I Function in Occupied Territory B.v Ihe Associated Press Reinforced Spanish insurgent forces launched a new offensive against Tc- i uel Wednesday to capture the city "within three days." and announced gains of more than a mile. In the Orient. Japanese authorities announced they had taken full authority over the Chinese government's functions in Shanghai and Japanese- occupied territory ot China. The announcement, il was believed, meant the Japanese would begin cen- "Abandon Ship!" (Continued on Page Three. 1 Justice Resigns From IL S. Court; F.D.R. to Appoint Follows Van de Vanter Into Retirement, Under Sumners Act A BUDGET MESSAGE President Forecasts Deficit of Billion Year Starting July 1 WASHINGTON.-^)—Justice George Sutherland of the United States Supreme Court notified Prseident Roosevelt he would retire from, active service on that bench January 18. In a letter to the president Sutherland said he had reached an age of more than 75, had served as associate justice of the supreme court 15 years, and would avail himself of the Sumners retirement act of 1937. Sutherland's retirement gives the president his second opportunity to make an appointment to the supreme court. He appoihed Hugo Black to succeed Willie Van de Vanter last spring. Sutherland refused to comment on his retirement. The big liner rolling in heavy seas that threatened momentarily to pound it to pieces on the volcanic reef near Iloishoto Island, Formosa,.... ..where it ran aground while enroute to Manila, passengers o£ the S. S. President Hoover clutch at safety lines strung across the deck as they removal <o the nearby shore and safety. All were saved thougb the liner - lias since been declared a lolal loss. Banks Called for Condition Dec, 31 13,860 Financial Houses Subject to Statement on Wednesday WASHINGTON. - (fi>> - The Comptroller of the Currency issued a call Wednesday for tho condition of all national banks at the close of business, Friday, December 31. The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation simultaneously issued a similar call to insured banks, bringing the total number of banks who were asked to report their condition to 13,860. The call requires each bank to re-1 port in deail its loans, investments, and ] other assets and liabilities. I Local Road Claim •for $7,000 Denied Claims Commission Reverses Self in Reynolds & Button Case British Consider Palestine Division May Segregate Jews and Arabs Into Separate Neighbor States LONDON. Enu. -i.-l'i- Great Britain took another "exploratory" step on the admittedly long road toward the partition of strife-lorn Palestine Tuesday night. 'Ihe government announced u new technical commission would be sent to the Holy Land to .study on the spot the practical side of the partition scheme recommended last summer by a royal commission. It granted the new body—whose members will be an- luunced later—"lull liberty to .suggest modoficalions" in that plan. The government took pains to emphasize it was "in no sense committed to approval of the partition plan." It said it hud "not accepted" the proposal for "compulsory transfer in the laal resort of Arabs from the Jewish lo the Arab area.' The new commission was authorized to recommend the boundaries of the Arab and Jewish stales and the British mandated area, to examine the economic and financial aspects ut partition and the means of safeguarding rights of any minorities created. The N\ -M k is expected to take "many r.u>nths.' Van Hayes, Washington, Admitted to State Bar LITTLE ROCK - (fP) — The State Claims Commission Wednesday rescinded its previous approval and disallowed a $7,000 claim of Reynolds & Sutton, Tyler (Texas) contracting firm. The claim originally was $22,000 for work on U. S. highway No. 67 near Hope. The claim commission early last November voted to allow the chum but reduced it to approximately $7,000, Later, Attorney General Holt investigated and said the company had signed a waiver of further claim against the state when it accepled payment from tho Refunding Board. He moved that approval of the claim be rescinded, and was upheld Wednesday. Reynolds & Eutlon had contract on. part of the Hope-Emmet construction of paved highway No, 67 several years ago. MIND Your MANNERS LITTLE ROCK—u-V,--Ten of -14 applicant:- passed examinations Monday t i practice law in Arkansas, the Stale Board of L.iw Examiners announced Wednesday Tho.se p.i.-.siny the examinations included: V:.i. Hayes, of Washington. A Thought Wt> enjoy thoroughly only the pleasure lhat we give. -Dumas. Test your knowledge of correct social usage by answering the following questions, then checking against the authoritative answers below: 1. Is it correct for a young person tu speak of his or her "date" meaning the person of the opl>o- site sc-x with whom he has a particular social engagement'? 2 Slmulil a young girl introduce herself by saying, "1 am Miss Fortune'".' S. May n college girl go bareheaded into u ncar-the-campus restaurant'.' 4. How >hould one address a woman socially who bus an M. D. degree'.' 5. How i-hoiiM one address ;i woman .socially who has a Ph. D. deqri-i 1 '.' Wli.it would you do if — You aie .1 b.iy asking a girl for a dance la' "Do you have this dance t.iken'.'" ilii 'May 1 have this dance?" id "Lets dunce Ibis one'?" .\nswcrs 1 "Date' is an accepted term among all young people. ^ No- "1 am Helen Fortune" is better. M It is customary around most campuses. 4. "Doctor." 5. "Mi^s." Besl "What Would You Do' solution (hi. iC pyri.-hl 1!):18. NKA Service. Ini'.t Budget Message WASHINGTON. — (ff>) — President Roosevelt sent congress a budget message Wednesday which projected new billion-dollar Treasury deficits, and a new public debt peak despite estimates of lesser spending. His forecast for the 1939 fiscal year contemplated a 539-million-dollar cut in government outlays—but conditioned the reduction on an upturn in business, and national defense requirements. The president's big volume budget figures estimated the' net deficit at 51,088,129,600 for the current fiscal year, and 5949,606,000 for the next 12 months, which he noted would be successive declines. The public debt, he said, would reach $38,528,200,000, a new high, June 30. 1939. Heflin Defeated in Comeback Effort Lister Hill, New Dealer, Wins Race for Alabama Senator BIRMINGHAM, Ala.-OT 1 )—J. Thomas Heflin, former senator, was defeated Tuesday in his comeback effort, as returns from Tuesday's Democratic senatorial primary gave Representative Lister Hill, New Deal supporter, a victory of landslide proportions. With 1,453 of the state's 2,200 boxes tabulated, the count was: Hill .74,034 Heflin 39,938 Charles W. Williams 4,305 Roy F. Parker, secretary to Heflin, conceded the Hill nomination at 9:55 p. m. He said there would be no immediate statement. "The victory," said Hill, "was more than personal to me; it was a victory for the great cause of human welfare as proclaimed in the Democratic platform and embodied in the inspiring leadership of Franklin D. Roosevelt." Heflin, whose speeches in thj senate prior to his defeat in 1930 were favoi'- iies with the gallery, heard the news ol the election from a hospital bed at his home town of Lafayette. He wc.~ stricken with pneumonia more than two weeks ago. and was ur.ablii to vote for himself Tuesday. His home county of Chambers sotod by him Ly a wide margin, and the town of Lafayelle gave him 336 vocs to SO for Hill and one lor Williams. His secretary, Roy Parker, sought to have a justice of the peace and an election official brought to his bedside but poll officials declined to accept a ballot cast in such a manner, Montgomery. Hill's home town, gave him a margin of approximately 20 to 1. Senator John H. Bnnkhead, who will be the colleague of the winner, announced he had cast an absentee vote for Hill. Gov. Bibb Graves said he voted for the veteran Montgomery rep- rest'nialivo, who would be one 'of the youngest senators at the ;~tge of 43. The winner will succeed Hugo L. Black, named to the United Slate Supreme Court. Hill was one of lhi> few Southern congressmen to favor the Black-Con- n<_ry \u.gos ancl hours bill. Both Heflin and \Villiairus opposed the rueasure in campaign speeches, and it became one ci the principal issues of the rt<oe. Steel groins "tired" when submitted to seven- strain fur a number .->f yeurs. Cott on NEW ORLEANS—(.^-January cotton opened Wednesday at S.45 bid and closed at S.40 bid, S.43 asked. Spot cotton closed quiet and xm> ••h:in/.fi\l, middling' S.Cl),

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