Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex. H. Washburn His Word Is His Bond- But His Bond Is No Good M R. UOOSKVKLT for the last year IIHH been telling liis fellow Americans, alarmed by tin.' rapid and unchecked growth of the federal debt, that absolutely and positively he would bring government spending within it.s income diiring the fiscal year .starling July .1. Now, speaking today before the house and senate at the convening of the new congress, he says there isn't a chance to do so. National business fell off this last autumn. The president blames "misuse of the powers of capital," declares "capitalism will destroy itself"—and naively gives us to understand that he is therefore excused from keeping his promise to produce some good public management, by July 1. I'll bet he smiled when he said that. Jle has a wonderful smile. But if Mr. lloosevell were ju.st Blank Blank Jones, one of the neighborhood Joneses, and not the president of the United States, and if he didn't, keep his word any better than the pvesideiit lias kept his word on everything pertaining to the public Treasury these last several years, then you would simply kick him in the pants and have done within him forever. WEATHER. Star ,s— fair, somewhat colder Saturday night; Sunday fair. Edward J. Neil of Associated Press Is Killed in Spain Dies of Wounds Received Fro,m War Shell New Wear's Eve "NO TIME TO BLEAT" Home— His Last Lettc Score of Newspapermen Die in Wars /.AHAGOZA, Spain H/T) Edward J. Neil. 3X. Associated Press correspondent with the insurgent armies, died Sunday at the Ked Cross hospital from shell wounds he received New Year's Eve on the Terucl civil war front. Two of Neil's newspaper companions E. R. S. Sheepshanks of Reuters (British news agency) and Bradish Gaillanl Johnson, Harvard graduate Klffhting at Tcruel HENDAYK, Franco - Spanish Frontier—(/I')—Fighting fiercely in knee-deep snow, the insurgent troops Monday were reported taking the strategically - important town of Viilastar in a swift right- flank action on the Terucl battlefront. It was difficult to learn the exact situation arouml Term.-!, due lo conflicting reports issued by the opposing forces. The government contradicted insurgent claims, saying the attacks launched by the rebels were repulsed. and correspondent of the maga/ines i Spur and News Week, were killed, and ' Harry Philby of the London Times in- S jured slightly when a 75-millimeter j shell struck their automobile at the ' village of Cande five miles fn»n i Tcruel. They were reporting the in- j surgent offensive winch resulted in the rocapture nf Teruel in the greatest battle of tin 1 civil war. Neil v:a.'; given one blood transfusion on the hiittl-fifld before being taken to the hospital at the insurgent base here. 100 miles north of Tcruel. Other transfusions followed and he seemed out 'if danger until other complications developed. Insurgent General Franco telephoned Xarago/.a to inquire at Neil's condition and expressed deep sympathy when informed of his death. Anil we're getting around lo -<j) that rapidly enough. It was the president himself who told us, after his election in 1932, that the way to prosperity wius not by ecnnomi/ing, a.s his platform l:ad stated, but by a prodigal program of spending. There were "circumstances" then which caused him to change hi.s mind and of course there are "rircumA'tance.s" now. But this isn't the drab winter of P.i;»2-3.'(. This is iy37-3K -five years later. After five years of "pump-priming" Mr. Roosevelt tries to tell us that the end i.s not yet here—that we have got to go on taking borrowed tax money and pouring it into the hands of the people and calling the result "prosperity"-but a scare-crow prosperity that is perpetually collapsing only to be propped up again by the magic stuffing of green govcrnmenl- printed doll.-irs. Mr. Roosevelt has used up the last of his "emergency" grace period. Me can not tell the American people that another "emergency" is rising now unless it is one he himself has created. We have the right, as any free citi/en has. to charge that he no longer believes government can "spend" a nation back to prosperity—and ho is merely fighting to retain the patronage which has made the Left Wing Democrats politically powerful in the great cities of the North and Knst—the Kansas Cities, the St. Louises, and the New Yorks. HO.S- he the courage to tell his cohorts in those doubtful terri- toiies that the lime iias tome to cut down on political "relief" jobs? You won't find any evidence of il in today's speech. Does he drop a hint to the |>co- plc that pretty soon the government will have lo raise taxes lo "cover" past indebtedness and sustain the continued high level of public spending'.' You won't (mil any mention of that, either. It i.s the last stand of a man bill- postered as a "statesman" about to do a vanishing art through the trap-door of politics. However, it doesn't interest me personally I' Vt .seen the show before. Here's my .seat. Have a good look yourself. VOLUME 39—NUMBER 70 .HOPE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, JANUARY 3, 1938 PRICE 5c COPY Second Holdup by Negro Is Reported on Rosston Road C. B. Russell Store Robbed of $20 or $25 Saturday Night ROB TOURIST CAMP Police Hel Robber i e v e Held Mack's Court Russell Up The C. B. Russell mercantile store, located on (he Rasston highway two and a half miles southeast of Hope, was hijacked early Saturday night by a masked negro who escaped with between $20 and $25 in cash. r l he description of the negro fitted the one who robbed Mack's Tourist Court west of Hope a week ago and escaped with $H in cash, officers said. Russell told officers that he was alone-at the time nf the robbery. Ho said the neiiro entered the store during the early part of the night with a handkerchief around hi.s f;ice and a pistol in his hand. Hus.-ell .'-aid he was <•' mmamlcd t'/ raise hi.s hands and then was told to "hand over the money hag." The negro then hacked out of the door and disappeared. Russell said lie grabbed his automatic shotgun and fired several times at the fleeing negro. None of the shots' apparently took effect. Officers were called to the scene, but no t'-ice of the robber was found There had )>een no arrests early Monday afternoon. China Mustering New Army to Aid Chiang's Veterans Chiang Kai-Shek Leaves Premiership to Be Solely Army Man 800,000 FOR ARMY Will Join Present Force of 900,000—Kung Is New Premier SHANGHAI, China — Iff 1 )— China's crack military leader—Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek—stripped himself of ivil responsibilities Monday and concentrated his efforts on effectively resisting the Japanese invaders. It was made known simultaneously that China is training a new army of SOO.OOO men to support the 90 divisions of approximately 900,000 men—trying U> hold back the Japanese hordes today. Chiang Kai-Shek became coinmand- er-in-chief of the army and temporarily took charge of (he navy, while Finance Minister II. H. Kung, succeeding him as president of Executive Yuan, assumed the nation's highest civil administrative functions. Nell's iMii lA'ttff I NEW YORK - i/l'i - Two excerpts from one of (he last loiters Kdward .1. j Neil, Associated Press war correspcind- ent killed in Spain, wrote to a friend: "War is old stuff now, and particularly this one. Six months in there working the Franco side when there were as many as three fronts popping at the same time' over a range of 1,1X10 miles, has given we a pretty fair workout. It's been far mure dangerous than Kthiupia, for these biibies shoot straight and a large part of the tune right at you. 1 can tell you within i\ radius of 10 yanl.s where a shell will land ju.st by the pilch of its wistle. As asset later on. however, 1 figun won't he worth much. "One nice thing tlie.se wars do tench you--~when your number conies up |j> grin, shrug, and make the best of it. No one has tune to h.sten to a bleat." M. P. Huddleston of Paragould Dies Former Law Partner of Futrell Succumbs There at Age of (}|j 1'AK.AOOULD, Arlt.- i/l'i Michel Pleasant (Mikel lluddlt-ston, (i.l, attorney, died Monday following a nine year.';' illness resulting from paralysis. Partners with him in the law business here over a period of years included J. M. Futrell. lluddlcslon was stale senator from the First district in I'.llll-ll'l. and while serving as president pio-lem of the senate was lieutenant- governor under Jeff Davis. (I JII.S1 : -•»«•-." 3 Locations for Oil Tests Made Miss Lawson to Speak on Tuesday Will Address Hope PTA Council at City Hall at 8:. SO p. m. Miss Willie Lawson, executive secretary of ihe Arkansas Education association, will address Ihe city council of the Parent -Teachers association (.n Tuesday afternoon at 3:30 o'clock m the courtroom at the city hall. Miss Lawson has appeared a.s a speaker in Mope on other occasions and her appearance for various programs insures a maximum attendance. She i.s a woman with a national reputation as a speaker, having appeared i on programs for the National Education association, ihe National Congress of Parents and Teachers, General Federation of Womens Clubs, and Girl Scouts, Inc., in practically every stale in the union m the past two years. Under her aggressive leadership as executive secretary, the Arkansas Kdtl- cation Association is maintaining a service to the teachers second to none in the United Stales. The council members will note that the meeting is called for 3:3U instead of at the usual time. The male voice is pitched lower than I h<- female voice because men have longer and stronger vocal curds them women. Lake Hamilton View Wins Sweepstakes Prize in All-Arkansas State Photographic Contest MIND Your MANNERS Score of Newsmen Killed LONDON, Kiig.-l/IV-More than a score newspapermen have lost then- lives in the last three wars—in Spam, China and Ethiopia. Nine war correspondcnls have been killed in Spam's civil war, two died in Ethiopia, and approximately 12 have been killed ill China. Kdwanl J. Neil of the Associated Press and Bradish Johnson, magazine correspondent, were the first American newspaper casualties of the Spanish war. Also killed was K. U. S. Sheepshanks, Englishman. Four French and two Spanish newspapermen have losl Iheir lives covering the civil war. Japanese sources estimated 10 Japanese reporters and four photographers have been killed in China. Pembroke Stephens of the London Daily Telegraph wa.s killed by Japanese machine-gun bullets in Shanghai November 11. The Japanese bombing of the United States gunboat Panay December 12 cost the life of Sandro Sandri, Italian correspondent of the newspaper La Stampa of Turin. Beau Brunmiel sometimes spent an hour deliberating un the choice of a cravat. He diet I in an asylum. Damage done by insects nullifies the wurk of u million men annually. Standard Uroup Makes Plans to Drill Near McKean Well MAGNOLIA. Ark. Three location.-, have been made by the Standard Oil company of Louisiana near the McKean No. 1 in Columbia and Lafascltc counties. Higs arc being placed. The first test will be drilled on Ihe D. K Thomas lease, one-half mile north of Sl of Ihe original discovery well, in NW SE K-l(i-£!; the second location is on the Budcaw Lumber company lease SW NW n-l(i-a2, three-quarters of a mile south of the McKean; the third test will be drilled on the 'latuin land (Continued on Page Six) 1. Was Baron Munchauscn. writer of ridiculously impossible ad- Venture stories, really a Russian? 2. Will a deer bite'.' 3. When you blow on a match, il goes out. But why? i. Where is the City of Salt? 5. Why are emergency fire pails filled with .sand? Answers on Classified 1'ugc Test your knowledge of correct social usage by answering the following questions, then checking against the authoritative answers below: 1. Is tilled with usage? "i. Does man say. , "1 am iicqiiaint- considcrcd good i middle-aged wo- bis is .lane Forbes or "This is Mrs. Korbi-s" when making a social call on the telephone? 3. Is il good manners to complain to the telephone opeiator when the service is slow? 4. Should a hostess go to the door with her guests when they leave? 5. If one i.s al faull is visable to make elaborate nations? What would you do if You are introducing a young couple and a mature woman" (ai "Mrs. Doiilan, this is Mis. Young and Mr. Young?' tbi "Mrs. Donlan, this is Mr. and Mrs. Young?" id "Mr. and Mrs. Young, this is Mrs. Donlan?" Aii.sni'rs 1. No. Use "1 know him." 'i. "Mrs. Forbes" unless .she is "Jane to Ihe person to whom she is speaking. 3. No. 4. Yes. 5. No. Explain simply—and try lo forgel it. Best "What Would You Do" solution- --l;il, (Copyright 11137, NBA Service, Inc.) 16 Cases Heard in Municipal Court Results of Monday's Docket Bebore Municipal Judge Lemley Sixteen municipal court cases, 13 ol which were city cases, were disposec of Monday morning by Judge W. K Lemley. There was one state case anc two civil suits. The results: Or! Marshall was acquitted on a charge of embezzling J2.60 from St. Marks Baptist church. George Russell and Willie Turner pleaded guilty to drunkenness and each was fined 510- Ted Law forfeited a $10 cash bond for drunkenness. Charley Smith, possessing untaxed liquor, plea of guilty, fined $10. Lizx.ie Brown, possessing untaxed liquor, dismissed. Luella Hill, possessing untaxed liquor, plea of guilty, fined $10. Buddy Finn, possessing unUixed liquor, dismissed. Frank Johnson, negro, pleaded guilty to a charge of disturbing the peace j of Ray Bradford and was fined S2.M). I Doyle Lmd.sey, petit larceny, dis- i missed. He was charged with stealing $1.M) from May Lollis. I George Dcnman, petit larceny, di.s-i missed. He was charged with steal-i mg $2 from May Lollis. j 'lorn Jones, carrying a concealed 1 weapon, plea of guilty, fined $1)0. R. B. Watson and Ed Hightowcr pleaded guilty to charges of gaming and each was fined $10. A civil suit brought by Tom Carroll against H. P. Purtle for possession of cattle, was dismissed on motion of the plaintiff. Dr. II. II. Darnall was given consent judgment of $22.85 in a civil .suit brought against F. V. Porterfield for Not a Chance to Balance It, Says F.D.R. to Congrss President Lectures on "Misuse of Powers of Capital" SESSION IS BEGUN "The Capitalistic System" —But Government Aims to Owe More WASHINGTON — (ff>) — President Roosevelt told congress Monday that the "misuse of the powers of capital" must be ended "or the capitalistic system will destroy itself through its own abuses." At the same time ho called on both capital and labor to co-operate with the government in working out the welfare of the nation. In a message which was delivered personally to the joint session of the house and senate the president disclosed that a balanced budget was out of the picture for the next fiscal year. He said, however, that his budget estimates would show a "further decrease in the deficit." For international affairs the president projected a policy of peace "in a world where stable civilization is actually threatened." But( he declared, in this day of undependable treaty obligations "on the part of others" this nation must be "adequately strong in self-defense." Hamilton at Sunset," by J. B. Priddy of Little Rock, winner of the $100 sweepstakes prize in the "Picture Arkansas" contest sponsored by (lie Arkansas Publicity Advisory Commission. ©- actiun on account. State Court Ends Holiday Vacation Brockelhurst Plea for Rehearing to He Decided Next Monday LITTLE KOCK..~i/l')--The Arkansas Supreme Court, reconvening after the Christinas holidays, took under submission Monday the petition of Lester Brockelhurst, 23, of Galesburg, 111., for a rehearing of hi.s appeael from the death sentence imposed by Lonoke circuit court for the May (i, 1937, hitch- hige slaying of Landowner Victor A. Gates. The high tribunal affirmed Brcuk- clhurst's conviction on the death sentence November 29. Monday's action indicated that a final decision in the case will be forth- coining next. Monday. By M. C. BLACKiMAN Slate Publicity Director Winner of the sweepstakes pri/.c in the "Picture Arkansas" contest sponsored lyv the Publicity Advisory Commission is J. B. Priddy of Little Rock. ' • irriddy was also winner oi the 525 prize for the best picture in the scenery division. His prize-winning picture is a view of Lake Hamilton at sunset. Much to my surprise, Priddy turned out to be a State employe, working in the treasurer's office. I was a bit sorry for that coincident, because I could imagine the cry of "collusion" going up from all the disappointed contestants all over the state. As a matter of fact, I had never met Priddy until I presented him with his division prize. He, like all the other contestants, was just a number to me and to Ihe newspapermen and professional photographers who judged the contest. Priddy confidentially expected to win a pri/.c, but he was shocked when he learned which of his prints has been judged the best. He thought another was the best. (I did, too, but you can't argue with judges, especially when they're newspapermen.) The winner says he intends to use the prize money to buy another camera. He has only four. Division prizes of $25 each in the "Picture Arkansas" contest sponsored by the Publicity Advisory Commission have been awarded as follows: Agriculture—Garner Reynolds, Little Rock, for a farm scene with a wag- onload of hay in the foreground. Industry—Dr. If. S. Stern, Little Rock, for a farm scene with a wagon- load of hay in the foreground.. Industry—Dr. H. S. Stern, Litllc Rock, for an interior view of a railroad .shop. Recreation—Harold Wales, Mammoth Springs, for a snapshot of a duck hunter .silhouetted against the dawn. Scener.v-J. R. Priddy, Litllc Rock, for a view of Lake Hamilton al Sunset. Urban Life- Louis Cooper, Mountain Home, for a vieu- of Bathj-ouse Row in Hot Springs A special pri/.c of $2."i was awarded Worth Marlon of Little Rock for quality and general excellence of pictures submitted. Mr. Morton .submitted in the contest, and. while none was awarded a prize, a do/.eii of them have been selected for publication in the booklet, "Life in Arkansas," which will be published in January by the Publicity Commission. Cotton NEW ORLEANS.—t^t—January cotton opened Monday at 8.33 and closed iit 8.21. Spot cotton closed quiet and unchanged, middling 8.50. A Thought He thai cannot forgive others, breaks the bridge over which he himself must pass if he would ever reach heaven; for every one has need lo be forgiven. Herbert. 331 Are Killed on New Year Holiday 2UU Are Automobile Fatalities, Reported by 42 Stales Star Editorial on Bingen Endorsed Community Thanks Newspaper for Protest on Liquor Store Earl Holt of Bingen brought The Star Monday a message of thanks voted at a community meeting at Bingen for the editorial last Thursday which attacked a proposal to place a package- liquor store in the north-county sel- tlcmcnt. Mr. Holt said the meeting, held at the Bingen Baptist church, supported the newspaper's three contentions; First ,that a liquor store's establishment in the rural community would be a violation of the state law limiting liquor stores lo towns with adequate police regulations. Second, that the Bingen precinct voted "dry" in Ihc Hempstead referendum in 1936, and should have its wishes respected by the state licensing authority. Third, thai the Bingen proposal obviously was a move to use Hempstead's legal liquor area as a depot lo dump retail sales into "dry" Howard County. The Star has also extended an offer of editorial help to Ihe Nashville News in defeating the Bingen proposal when, and if, it comes before the State Commissioner of Revenues. Repeal of Testing Law Is Advocated C. L Renfro Gets First Auto License Deadline March 1, and Any Extension of Time Is Prohibited Bentonville Senator Complains State Gets No Revenue C. L. Renfro of Hope was issued the first 1938 automobile license receipt by the Hope office of the State Revenue department, it was reported by Ed Van Sickle, in charge of the office. Driver's license are being issucc along with automobile license receipts. There will be no extension for purchasing tags, nn act of the last legislature fiving March 1 a.s the final date for purchase, Mr. Van Sickle said. At 11 a. m. Monday Mr. Van Sickle reported that he had "An office full' of people waiting to purchase tags. Extension Prohibited To enable the motoring public to secure their 1938 automobile licenses with the least amount of trouble, Frank D. Clancy, supervisor of the Motor Vehicle Division advises that under the existing laws it will be necessary for those registering their automobiles for 1938. if the same is a 1937 or 1938 model, to produce registration certificates on same or receipts showing that sales tax has been paid, before the Department can issue a license on said vehicle. It will also save the motorist considerable time and trouble if he will have the correct motor number, year model and stylo of car, upon making application for license. This applies to all automobiles regardless of age. It will he necessary for all those wishing to .secure drivi'rs's licenses, to produce their 11137 license before they can secure 1938 licen.se without .standing an examination. Mr. Clancy also stated that under the law passed by the 11137 session of the legislature, all automobile ;md driver's licenses expire December 31, 1!).')?, and must bo remnveu by March 1, 193S, as under this law no one has the aulhonly to extend the time past this date. He pointed out that since 3rd U. S. Judge in Arkansas? WASHINGTON—(/P)—Attorney General Cummings said Monday hi his annual report that an additional federal judge for Arkansas was necessary. He said he was prepared to submit to congress"data bearing on the propriety, a?d Tvindrwn" of providing:the Eastern and Western districts of the state with another jurist. •'•'•'•' .-•' Cummings also recommended a cos- gressional investigation of what he called the inadequacy of anti-trust laws and revived two features of President Roosevelt's defeated court reorganization bill. Discussing means- of eliminating delays in the administration of Justice, Cummings said it was "highly desirable" that congress provide for an administrative officer to supervise the federal courts. He also suggested that "serious thought" be given to increased "flexibility" for the courts. President's Message WASHINGTON—</Pj—Congress appeared Sunday night to be heading into another one-issue session, at which the woes of the business world and the related question of anti-trust legislation would overshadow all other subjects. Recovening at noon Monday after a holiday adjournment, Die legislators' first business will be to receive a personally-delivered message from President Roosevelt. That message is expected generally to carry forward the administration's recent aggressive attack upon certain segments of "big business." It will bo delivered at 12:30 p. m. (Central Standard time), and will be broadcast by the three national radio chains. A short-wave broadcast was arranged to carry his remarks to Europe and many other sections of the globe. Appeal for New Laws For a week past, presidential ad- first j visors have been denouncing concentrations of wealth on the grounds they were responsible for the current business recession; have accused them, in fuel, of going "on strike" in an effort lo "liquidate the New Deal." To date, the president has declined to state the extent to which he shares this view. The political community expects him , Violent the Associated 1'rcss deaths over Ihe nalion the new .sear week-end, look at least 331 lives. Automobile accidents were the must numerous. There were more than 200 such fatalities in 42 .states. Suicide accounted for about lid deaths', with shootings, burns, poisoning, carbon monoxide, drowning, and coasting and skiing accidents in that order completing the tragic record. •Ohio led the list of states with 36 deaths. New York reported 34, Illinois, 22. Pennsylvania 27. nnd California. 17. BENTONVILLE, Ark. - Repeal Sections 133 to 138. inclusive, of Act 3110 of the last General Assembly, was proposed by Senator Clyde T. F.lhs of Benton county in a letter to Governor Bailey Sm\day. The cat rcguJatei highway traffic, and the sections which Sc-jjalor Ellis would repeal pertain lo inspection of motor vehicles. The senator suggested to the jjov- j ei m;r that if he should issue a call for a special session of the legislature, he include the repeacl of the sections n quiring motor car inspections. Senator Ellis declared that under the present setup, the stale derives no financial benefit because the garages or individuals who operate the testing .-unions, under Slate Police supervision, receive all fees. H \v;is the opinion of members of the legislature, Senator Ellis wrote, that garages which operated the stations would turn over all fees lo the state ami that their compensation would be the advertising they received for operating the official lanes. Senator Ellis did not mention in his letter the possible benefit lo both motorists and pedestrians due to "outlawing" of vehicles found unsafe foi driving. lo do so in Monday's message. (here will n;>i he an extension of time: That he would urge new anti-trust il will not be lo any advantage ID the ] legislation was regarded as a cer- motorist ti wait until the last minute; tainty, and it seemed almost as sure rush and be inconvenienced by hav-! thai a ]X)rtion of the address would be of | ing M Maud in line until he can be j devoted to foreign affairs and his re- waited upnu lie also pointed out that during the period between January J and March 1 no moior vehicle will be peuniUetl to operate on the highways of Arkansas unless it displays a 15137 or 1I13S license plate which \\as issued fur that vehicle. Sister of N. P. and Charles O'Neal Dies (U'li'DuN, Ark. ."ills. Mary Ann Kitchens, aged $2. a pioneer I esiilent of Giifdoii. died Saturday at a p. in. at the lunnc of her daughter here. Surviving her are two brothers. N. P. O'Neal ami Charles O'Neal of Hope; one daughter. Mrs. Julia Kitchens, and one sun. Lawrence A. Cox, both of Guidon, ;-.nd numerous gandchildvcn. Funeral .-c-rvicvs were conducted Sunday by Rev M. D. Williams, assisted by Rev Lester Bickford. Burial Wat, at Center Ridge. KngUuid once refused he offer of all Spain's (msscssions in Africa in cx- i-hiingo fur the Rod; of Gibraltar. r cently announced decision that an increased naval building program may be necessary. Many Other Issues While the monopoly issue seemed sure to overshadow other questions—• in perhaps the same manner that the president's court reorganization bill dominated last year's session—other controversies faced the convening Congress. The tax schedules arc to be revised, ,ihd, if decisions already made by the House Subcc-mmiuec on Taxation are carried into law, the lax on undistributed corporation profits will be lifted from most businesses and its principle applied only, and in modified form, to the vary largo corporations. The undistributed profits tax has been denounced by business spokesmen as a major cause of the current slump. Most \V:.shingtonians looked for heated battles over government reor- ganisation and regional planning— >pi ending ihe TV A idea to other im- rvrtant river basins—both of which have been requested by the president, j There remained the unfinished busi- | ness of the early winter's special ses- iConlinued on .Page Three).
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