Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on December 31, 1937 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

Hope, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Friday, December 31, 1937
Page 1
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Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex. H. Washburn Year-End HE it)S7 curtain goes clenvn on wars abroad and political confusion here at home. The war.s, bog-inning with the Ethiopian conquest and through Spain and China, grew steadily more during .UK57. But America—both people and government—H lands patient and steadfast in the path of peace. Unless some )reign power goes wholly mad we are still safe from the far terror. And Britain and France being of the same iind. the peace of the world-at-large remains fairly secure ,!& we greet the new year. In our own national capital there is more distress for Jfto.sl Americans than in the news from abroad. Mr. Roosevelt, borne Prosperity-ward these recent years by epic public spending of borrowed money, finds the tide has Jjack a bit—and his explanation that certain rich 'ogether to blame for it won't satisfy a common- Me. \ kes Flays bh Families' for Bad Business Asserts "Money Power 1 ' Is '"; Openly Attacking the Government "WARMUP" FOR F. D. Roosevelt Is Expected to Give Anti-Monopoly M essage WASHINGTON. - i,V> — .Secretary Ickc.s, continuing the administration's attacks nj>on "big business," asserted ••Thursday night that the power of con- CCiltiiitcd wealth "bust he compelled to conform to our laws" at the coming .session of congress. An "irrcsconcible conflict" between ''the power of money and the power of the Democratic instinct" has reach%d such an intensity in recent months," he snid. that it is "clear that it mu.st be fought through to a finish-until ; plutucracy, or democracy—until America's GO families, or America's 12(1,000,000 people-win." He spoke over n nationwide radio hook-up. His speech was the third as- Siiiilt upon "big business" lo come Some rich men are probably to blame. But so are some politicians partly to blame -and so is Mr. Koojevell himself partly to blame. The nation is beginning to feel lluit there is something fundamen- tiily wrong in a political nrgani/a- lion which isn't able lo attract to itself any part whalsover of the wealth ol the country. Not all rich men are "great malefactors." Not all politicians are good men or n<iod administrators. The nation is rapidly tiring of one voice and one public policy. We are a democracy, accustomed lo the clash of many voices, many policies -ending in compromise. The year 1937 probably marks the close of the era of a dominant presidency. The year HI38 will .see the return of congress to the position of final power -and thai will end the po- liteal deadlock. Farms WelT'Off for the Winter Si, I I Attack Is Qualified . WASHINGTON --(IP)— Preside-ill S Roosevelt indicated wilh a parable Friday that the anti-monopoly at' tacks on business by adminislra- ',;tion officials were directed at only |a small minority in the business worUi. He was asked at his press con'- fcrcnce to commit specifically on two speeches by Robert H. Jack son, assistant Attorney General, and by Secretary Ickes charging tlv.- alignment of capital against the administration. The president recalled a speech by 'Ilieodore Roosevelt in which he spoke of some individuals a.-, malefactors of great wealth. The president empha.si/ed the word "individuals." Total Return in Arkansas Up 20 Million Dollars Over 1936 •jjfrom within the inner adminislralion ! '[circle within a week. Two such ad- | drcse: were delivered jieviuu.sly by '.Robert II. Jackson, asislant attorney LITTLE ROCK --(/ft-- Mother Nature tjave abundant harvests to Arkansas larnis in 1937, and the stale extension ."ervicc, looking hack over the agricultural year, finds the farmers of Ibis JilaIP better prepared for the winter months than they have been in a number of years. "The prospect for the next three or four months is probably more favorable than in .several years." said C. C. Dandall, assistant extension director of the University of Arkansas Collefe of Agriculture. "With abundant farm &U|:pK<ki>- aiiLi-mo.e ca:,h than usual, financing of the 1938 crop should not be a difficult program in Arkansas." The extension service recently estimated the Arkansas farmer would have a return of approximately $175,000,000, t'or hi.s 1937 labor on the soil, including government payments anil CI-OJAS yet lo be sold an increase of some $20,1)00.000 over Ihe H)3li return. Hecenl business hesitancy has been reflected in declining prices for farm products. Hut. said Handall, "when we consider that in addition lo the increase m ea.sh income, the stale produced more food and feedsluffs Ihis year than it has since Hl.'il, so that less money will have lo he spent for i these necessities, we cannot .say lhal, , , : even with lower prices, there has been ..general. All are garded as a prelude ., bl , NJIU , ss _ sllimn „„ Arkansas farms." . President Roosevelt's message to • con'urc.ss and a drive fur anti-monopoly legislation. Acrurs "lift I'amalii-s" Xiikc Jackson, Ickes accused eoncen- Vtratod economic power of going on a iStrikc against Ihe administration, or threatening to do no hu.Miic.ss, unless governmental restraints upon business are removed. Heferrmn throughout to capital as "America's (it) families," a phrusc borrowed from a book by Fer- .dinand Lundhi-rg, he said: "To the IL'O.DIIO.miO people of Ihe jUnited Slates, they have made the threat that miles.-, they are free tu Speculate, free of regulations to protect the people's money; unless they are free lo accumulate through legal tricks, \jean.s of corporations, without ^Wi"i." share of taxes; miles.-, they are ^ jY|Sp|dniiunato the rest of us without restrictions on their financial or economic power, unless they are once more free to do all these things, then the United Slates is lo have ils first general sit-down strike not of labor—not of the American people ™ but of the 60 families and of the capital created by ll»- whole American people, of whii.h the GO families l^ave ! obtaiiickl control. * "If the American people call ibis 'bluff, then the America lhal is to be ! will bo a democratic America, a free America. If the American people yield to this bluff, then the America that js to be will he a big-business Fascist America an enslaved America." "l-'aniilic^" t'aii->eil Depressions brought on the depression w'hich began in l'J30. he said the people called upon the government to inlervene and Ihe latter was successful in restoring prosperity. "And last spring," he continued, "governmenl had Ihe business of Ihe counlry turning over so well that it thought il could safely heed the pleas of private enterpi ise to government lo abandon the economic initiative. "I'ursiiant lo thf se pleas, government cut down public expenditures lo keep Up purchasing power in order lo meet tlie insistence of privale enlerprise thai business confidence would be greater if government would lake Steps to balance the budget—assuaged (Continued on Page Six) Cotton NEW ORLEANS. i/Pi—January cotton opened Friday al 8.32 and closed Bt 8.30 bid. Spot cotton closed steady and unchanged, middling 8.50. The extension servey explained: "Last year farmers in the entire western half of the state had lo buy feed because their own crops were killed by drouth. This year their feed bins are full anil running over, and they have a greater cash income as well." What of the 11)38 outlook? "Demand for farm products will not he as favorable in 11138 as m UI37, in the opinion of economists, and in the niidn pi ices are exi>ected to be low," said the service. "Farmers, should exert every el fort to produce ample supplies of food and feed on their farms lo avoid cash exjAMiditures. The col- lon oiitlouk is nol lavorahle, anil tarm- tConlinucd on Page Six) TwoKiiJedAboard Yacht in Pacific Friend Slays Owner, Then Is Thrown Overboard by Someone Else LOS ANGELES. I/I'i John llansen. agent of Ihe Federal Bureau of Investigation lure, said 'Ihursday night that Dwight Fauldmg, 4!), Simla Barbara hotel owner, was killed by Jack Morgan aboard Faulding's yacht Aafjc near here 10 days ago. llansen .said Morgan later became involved in a dispute aboard the vessel, "as a result of which he was lost at sea." The yacht left San I'edro December 20. "Late that evening," Hanason said, "after the boat was several hours out of San Pedro, Morgan became involved in an altercation with Mr. Fauldmg. during which time Morgan killed Faiilding with a pistol. "Morgan then assumed command ol the Aafje and late that night off San Clcmente island, Faulding was buried at sea. Morgan continued in command of the boat at a point about TiOU miles from San Pedro, Morgan became involved in an encounter, as a result of which he was lost at sea." The six survivors landed late Thursday and were hurried away in lechni- c.'il custody for questioning by Federal Bureau of Investigation Officers. The federal officers would not disclose die physical condition of the six .survivors after having reported Wednesday that the three women, two men and an eight-year-old boy had been without food and waU*r for three days on the disabled yacht. Hope Star KR. Arkansas — Mostly cloudy, probably occasional rains in south portion Friday night, Saturday; sometvhat colder Saturday, VOLUME 39—NUMBER (58 HOPE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 31,1937 PRICE 6c COPY WAR SEES Forboding Outlook in Europe in '38 Is Similar to 1914 Sinister Parallel Is Drawn to Period 25 Years Ago LEAGUE Is^G HOST" U. S. Never Joined It, Japan, Italy and Germany Have Left It By MILTON BRONNEIl NKA Service European Manager LONDON. —Europe enters the new year with n sickening realisation Hint its situation has deadly parallels to tlint which preceded the World War. On New Yenr of Iflli), just 19 yciirs ago, the bolls pealcil loud with hope, lor the terrible four-year war was over. Ideals, largely American-born, gave hope that ithc holocaust would justify itself by ending war. by making a wond wife for democracy, and by creating a League ol Nations which would .settle peacefully thosx 1 disputes which had in the past brought war. Tod;iy all lhi;.sc bright IIOJJL'.S .seem a monstrous irony. The League of Nations is becoming: a mere hulk. The United States never ji incd. Japan, Italy and Germany have left it, and only three great powers, Great Britain, France and Russia, remain. It nas settled .some wais and troubles in small countries. But it could not stop Italy from conrfiiennK its fellow member, Abyssinia, nor Japan from devastating its fellow member, China. Nothing Ocm.ii'iiitic There At no time in modern history lias tlie world been so unsafe for democracy. Germany. Italy and Portugal nre fuse is t totalitarian states; Russia is a Communist totahtrian state, mere is nothing in the "strong" regimes o( Austria. Bulgaria, E.sthnnia, Greece, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Rumania or Yugoslavia that an American or Canadian would recognize as democratic. The totalitarian states, proclaiming the rgiht to have any kind of government they want, announce al the same breath their right and determination to interfere in thcaffairs of other states. The horror of a possible new world war that all agree would make the world unsafe lor civilization, hangs over Kurope. Tlie parallels between the present and the period of 25 years ago tliiil ushered in the first World War, are many and sinister. The [tare to Arms ]n the five years before HIM, Kaiser- i.st Germany, proclaiming its fear of being eiieireleil by hostile powers, had its Tnpple Alliance with Austro-Hungary and Italy. 'loday Nazi Germany, proclaiming its fear of encirclement, has another triple alliance, this time with Italy and Japan. Opposite to it .stands close agreement between France and Britain, and between France and Soviet Russia, just as in tho.se days stood the Triple hnlcnle of Britain. France and Russia. In the years before 1914 there was a terrific armament laee. Today's arms race makes it look small by comparison. Italy, once the weak sister in alliances, has an enormous tinny, a powerful air fiiree. and a great Meet. Germany, rushing to arms at great speed, may soon have tin army as great as that of the Kaiser, is building a modern fleet, anil has an immensely strung air force. Russia, on paper at least, is one of the heaviest-armed nations in the world, willi a far mure powerful, efficient, and .si If-supporling army than that of the C/.ar. France is spending $700,000,000 in IIIIIS I lo improve an already strong army, J navy, and air force. Great Britain, fearing German's resurgent demand for lost colonies, fearing Italy's rise in the Mediterranean, worried by Japanese threats to her position in the Far F.ast. is cooly planning to spend seven and a half billions on a five-year arms program that is without parallel. Many Sinister Paragraphs Just as Lord Ilaldane went to Germany in 1SI12 lo talk about limiting navies, si/ Lord Halifax went recently to Germany to discus colonies Just as. in the years preceding 11114, statesmen .scurried about from country to country, and kaisers, emperors anil kings met with great pomp and ceremony, forming alliances and seeking t.o checkmate others, so. in 11IH7. with more grandoi.se ctscmoitie.s lhan any with which king ever met kaiser. Mussolini was received in a state visit to Hitler So Geormg of Germany. C'iano of Italy. IX'lbos of Frame, ami Sluya- dinovitch of Yugoslavia have been circling about the map. In the Balkan war.s of 19)2, France and Germany saw their new war weapons tried out in actual cum but. So today, Germany, Italy. Fiance, and Russia watch their Links, machine guns, airplanes and other .a ins tested in fciptun and China. J'Yvei-ish ByjtiJiiif; Tojrotlicr Even more than in the feverish pre- 1U14 years, the lesser nations are trying frantically to arm and band lo- CContinuec] on Page Three) r,"<(Copyrlght. 1937, NBA Seivioe'lnK)'i .*->?,A«-v xv?,, v,-i,,,<'' .«;, J-^-T; Prolonged and clamorous is the noise as the Dionne quintuplets greet the New Year with a veritable blast of ."music" from their.own. five-piece orchestra pictured above. The job of saying "Happy New Year" with music seems to be a very serious business for th6'' quints, judging from their intense expressions as Annette beats a.drum, Yvonne claps the cymbals, EmiJie toots a-horn, Cecils whack* 4 a triangle and Marie jingles, the tambourine. The five little'girls have never seen a:real, live orchestra or band,-but it-didn't-taka them long to find out that the gAn"ral idea is to play,.each, instrument as loud and.fast as possible. .The result was so noisy that tw* Dolicemen came to the nursery gate .to investigate one ot the hilarious practice sessjons. • ™ While the Dionne quintuplets' new five-piece orchestra rests during intermission, Emilie steps forward to speed departing 1937 with a "trumpet" solo pliiyod in most approved swing rhythm. It was Emilie's iiuiuifilivoncss about a picture of a band and drum major, ,incidentally, thai l«.'d to impromptu formation of the orchestra, lisiny nursery musical instruments. Civil Service Is Holt Denies Any Gaining-Warner Hut Its Future 1 Depends on Legislative 1 Appropriations LI1TLE ROCK t/i'i Dr. K. O. Warner, slide personnel dircctur, said Friday that most unbiased observers felt "definite progress' hud been made by civil service in Arkansas during the first six months of ils existence. He >aid good point.-; were to be found in both sides of the pielure. and that the question ol continuation of ivil .service depended on the will of the legislature in appropriating sufficient funds to malic the .system le.'il- ly effective. Campaign 'Deal' Spikes Report He May Become an Administration Candidate LITTLE ROCK—(/!')—Attorney General Jack Holt said in a statement Friday he "would not become a parly to any deal in regard to the coming sen- itonal 01 gubernatorial elections, or any other elections." He said his statement was prompted by published reports mentioning his name us a possible administration cun- thdale lor governor in 1938 in the event Governor Bailey should run for the United States Senate nexl year, Soil Conservation Program at Club Craig Rosborough Explains Upstream Control to Rotarians "Upstream flood control"— holding the rain at tlie point where it hits the ground, thereby accomplishing a double end, providing flood control for the rivers and soil conservation for the farms— was described to Hope Rotary club at Hotel Barlow Friday noon by Craig Rosborough, chief of the Soil Conscvation Service here. Mr. Rosborough pointed out the fu- lih'ly of attempting flood control by the construction of river levees only, there bing one instance where silt swept off upland frams had raised' a river-bed eight feel in modern limes, with a corresponding reduction in the effectiveness of the river levees. Turning lo Ihc other side of the flood-control problem— the problem of anchoring fertile lopsoil on upland farms— Mr. Rosborough said Ihe Soil Conservation Service program has four main divisions: 1. Demonstration areas — of which the Hope office, known as the Bodcaw watershed project is one of the seven in the state. 2. Test farms— on wluch the Soil Conservation Service has aided county agents to project certain phases of the service's program. 3. Camp areas — which have a program similar to the demonstration areas, but with less equipment. •1. Legally organized soil conservation districts — which are the ultimate objectives of the Soil Conservation Service. The Hope demonstration area, Mr. Rosborough continued, has supervision over three camps: Friendship, 'Hope and Magnolm. The Friendship camp has signed agrcmcnU, with 100 farm.-; comprising 15,797 acres; the Hops camp 17.') farms and 32.253 acres; and Ihe Magnolia camp 112 farms and 17, 495 acres. Conservation, he said, aims lo encourage the growing of more hay and livestock, and a more balanced system of agriculture. Guests of the club Friday were Frank Stanley, former county agent and field export with the local Sod Conservation Service, and now with the SC'S .it Fort orlh, Texas; and Ben Haynus of Washington, D. C.. Hope hoy home to visit his family during Ihe holidays. Fred Cook was initialed as a new member of Rotary, in a service conducted by Dr. A. C. Kolb. Blind School Is HeldUp by Suit Injunction Suit Claims It Is Bond Move Without Legal Vote LITTLE ROCK — (IP)— Culbert L. Pearce, Searcy attorney, filed suit in Pulaski chancery court Friday seeking to prevent the construction of Arkansas' new $250,000 Blind School plant. The suit was filed in the name of W. M. Walls and four other taxpayers against the State Board of Education, Ihc Board of Control for the State Blind and Deaf Schools, State Auditor Humphrey and State Treasurer Page. The suit charged that Act 239 of 1937 under which the plant would be constructed violated Amendment 20, Article 14, of the state constitution which prohibits the floating of bonds by the stale without a prior vote of the people. The .section of Article 14 invoked prohibits the use of money or property of the public schools for any other lhan school purposes. The average American-born adult Japanese has gone through 12 years of schooling' The average vocabulary of the early Southern California Indians was 3,500 words. A Thought When a person is down in the wr.-ld an ounce of help is better than a pound of preaching Bulwer. MIND Your MANNERS Test your knowledge of correct social usage by answering the following questions, then checking against the authoritative answers below: 1. Should every place at table be crumbed whether there are crumbs or not? 2. Who is responsible for dinner (able conversation? 3. Is it good taste to use artificial flowers on a dining table? 4. Should the host or hostess serve the dessert when it is done al Ihe table? 5. If Ihe ment course is the first course, is the serving .silver in place when the meal is announced? What would you do if— You are hostess at a dinner party and you have already waited 20 minutes for a guest who has not yet arrived'.' • a i Telephone to tee if he has forgotten? (b) Go ahead and have dinner served? id Continue to wait for him? Answers 1. No. 2. Everyone at the lable. 3. Yes, if the flowers, are really decorative. 4. Either, although laller is more usual. When former serves hostess is free to pour the coffee. 5. Yes. Best "What Would You Do" solution- (bl. 'Copyright 1937, NE. ; . Service, Inc.) Battles on Both Sides of World as 1937Goes Out 200,000 Troops Oppose Each Other at Teruel, Spanish City CHINESE BURN CITY Jews Threatened in Rumania—New Labor Crisis in France By the Associated Press Sounds of battle on opposite sides of the world gave a farewell salute Friday to 1937. Two hundred thousand insurgents and government troops, a host of tanks, and warplanes, were locked in conflict in the Spanish city of Teruel. It was the greatest battle of the civil war, which is now in its 18th month. With torch and dynamite Chinese squads reduced to ruins valued buildings of the seaport of Tsigntao, in the face of advancing Japanese. There was talk of peace in the more than five-month conflict between China and Japan, in Shanghai circles, but official Tokyo's New Year's message implied that Japan should prepare for prolonged warfare. Egypt, allied by treaty to its former protector, Great Britain, also had a new premier in Mohamed Mahmoud, who appointed men considered pro- Italian in his cabinet. The boy king, Farouk, had ousted Premier Mustapha Nahas Pasha. Jews Threatened BUCHAREST, Rumania —{#)— Rumania's 1,200,000 Jews faced the New Year with the gravest anxiety Friday as stringent measures imposed by the new government of Octavian Goga for •"the regulation of-foreigners" made them fear the loss of homes and fortunes. Trouble In France PARIS, France— (ff)—The central executive committee of all Paris labor unions Friday stiffly informed the People's Front government that the workers looked to it for a "more energetic attitude" against "provocation and misconduct" by employers. The statement condemned the tactics of Premier Camille Chautemps in ending the walkout of 120,000 municipal employes. Chautemps had threatened to mobilize the strikers into the army and force their retum to work under military orders. Tenancy Blanks in Local FSA Office Hemp stead One of 12 Counties Designated for Federal Loans Tenant farmers in this county interested in applying for a farm purchase loan under provisions of the Bankhead-Jones tenancy act may now secure application blanks and detailed information from A. H, Wade, rural rehabilitation supervisor fro the Farm Security Administration in Hempstead county. Tlie FSA office is localed over Ihe City cafe, al the head of the stairs. This county is one of 21 in Ihe slate designated recently by the Secretary o£ Agricultural to receive from five to ten such loans during the current fiscal year. Supervisor A. H. Wade said it will be the policy of the Farm Security Ad- minislralion lo encourage every interested tenant farmer who is eligible to make formal application. "Although all but a small fraction of the applications submitted will necessarily have to be filed for possible future consideration, we are anxious for every eligible 'enani farmer in the county who is interested to have an opportunity to make application for these loans," Mr. Wade said. "We will have extra help through the first week in January to receive these applications. Would appreciate for ali eligible applicants 10 come to the office during this period However, applications will be received after this time." Estimates of the total population of China range from 331,00(1,000 lo 4% 000,000. 1. Who inlroduced horses to America? 2. Who are the members of the President's "officihl family"? 3. Is ii cloud the same us a fog? 4. How many persons are iiecc.-- sary, by law, to constitute a riol? 5. Is English the only language spoken on the British Isles'.' Answers on (.'lussificd

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