Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex. H Washburn ion nr- icn tent- te t" •Ms iur ic- le Trade Follows the Guns Brown Men and White F AR more serious than the I'uiuiy incident i.s news corn ing out of China today that Japanese merchants, following |the tftins of the Japanese army, have unloaded goods at 'Sluitighai without paying the tariff d'uty exacted of all other Illations trading in Chinese: territory. I The sinking of the United States gunboat Panny was [claimed by the Japanese to be an accident, and was so ac- tcepted by the American government despite an aroused public opinion. Public opinion, paradoxically, may be less aroused but tho American nation will be damaged far more .seriously by today's event. Sinking of an American gunboat is sensa- ' tional news. Hut it doesn't necessarily lead to war, Grab- v b'ng a tariff advantage over all the white powers in \ conquered China isn't nearly ,so sensational—but it will dcail America into an Oriental war quicker than anything &1 can think of. If you don't understand why, you can put /yourself down as being one of those people who never read more than the headlines. > Big Navy Proposed by Roosevelt, But Congress Critical Preparing Additional Estimates for Fleet Construction FOR PREPAREDNESS? President Denies General Prog-rain—Congress- men Comment WASHINGTON. - (/)', -- President Roosevelt announced ;1 possible increase m the- naval budding program ,Tue:,day because-, he said, the tacts of the troubled world situation "are facts and the United states must recogni/o them." His intentions were announced at a press conference in which he referred correspondents to a letter he had written Chairman Taylor (Dem., Col.) of the hous appropriations subcommittee on the navy, advising him that he might expect additional estimates for naval building. F. D. Answers Questions At the conference, the president an- nouncedoxpcetonlhaghf)j swcred n barrage of questions which the reporters fired at him. How many vessels would be added to the present program, he could not say, nor could ho tell what types of ship would be constructed, '^''at waiter' further study. Nor did he Know whetncr additional authorizing legislation would be needed. That depended on the typo of vessel to be buill. .If it should be decided to build warships falling into tho categories authorized by the Vinsonj act, new legislation would be needed. For the present, at least, no increased naval personnel would be necessary. And one more c|uestiun: "Mr. President is this part of ;i preparedness program?" he wus iisked. To that, he replied with u tjiiiet and direct negative. Congress I.s Critical At the capitol. most logisalors were reluctant to disc ass the step immediately. "All 1 dc.- ire to .say at this lime," said tciiiilw Borah of Idaho, ranking Republican on the Foreign Affairs Committee, "i.s that 1 sincerely hope the president will not find it necessary to call for a large armament outlays." Senator Wheeler (Dem., Mont.) said: "1 see no necessity for spending millions and millions of dollars for armaments and battleships when one-third of our people are ill-housed, ill-fed and ill-clothed. (The last clause of the sentence was a quotation from a Roosevelt spci-ch.i 11 tho United States government will keep out o fontangling alliances with Kumpe, no country on the globe is going to attack us. There i.T no fear that we will become involved in a war unless we permit ourselves to be led into t." Senator Adams (Deny., Col.I said ho "lacked initial enthusiasm for the idea," but "might be persuaded that it is the thing to do." He addod that he would reserve judgment, however, until ii request for additional ships reaches tho appropriation committee, of winch he is a member. Don Marquis, New York Writer, Succumbs at 58 NKW YORK. i/l'i-Dcm Marquis, 58. playwright, poet and former newspaper man, died at his home in suburban Forest Hills Wednesday after several years' illness. Japan can fight China as long as .she pleases-, without foreign interference, so long as Japan bases her cn.se on the need for protection against Communisi. , plot- tint; and banditry. Rut the moment Japan u.-;es her army to nivc Japanese trade preference over while trade in China, there will be war— for white traders have as much right in China a.s the little brown men do. And if Ja|»in's sole argument i.s to be a matter of yuns the whites- will line up together and produce more guns-there's no alternative. This issue has always bi'cm alive in the world, and always will be. America. Britain and France tisk only l<> be allowed to live and trade in peace. They have a right to sell on treaty terms outside their own boundaries. They have a right, in defense of their own factories and farms and workmen back here in the homeland to question any power which attempts to use its army to forward the trade of its own merchants. That'.-; what the situation looks like in Shanghai today. Furthermore, the Japanese by re-fusm.tr to honor (he system of tariff duties guaranlc-cini; Ihe Chinese national debt, are threatening to cut off the repayment of 800 millions of dollars invested in China by foreigners. Japan probably will offer to take over this debt guarantee- but if she insists on closing the door on white goods in China her guarantee will be rejected and a mixed fleet of while battleships will drop in on some of Japan's own seaports. None of live white ixiwers have asked for trouble in the present inixup in China—but it looks a.s li.vugh Japiin h(gj finally determined to do SO. V , ; Dr. Gentry Praises Collection Move McCaskill Physician to Co-operate With Hope Doctors Dr. J. K. Gentry of McCaskill Wednesday pledged his co-operation and support bc-hind the- movement of Hope physi'-iiins in the collection of de- linqucjnt accounts. "I ki-jriw what doctors are up against in Milk'cting past clue bills. 1 endorse the movement of the collecting agency. I am gving to co-operate with all Hcmpstua/l county doctors. "I ai>- (v>ing to list all my delinquents nut will positively refuse to iinswi nills\to anyone who owes accounts to ollger doctors until .vclu- fiiclory aiTanuiXmonls have been ms-.ie," he said. \ Ifope phyf k-iai'ts. at a re-cent nu-i ting, lornu-d || K . , ollc-clion aue-in-y v.bich begins opcrati'in February I. A Thought Olon, bi-.iit on selfish principles, :s -.hairc ar ! ,.uilt Cowpcr. ..» . . About '.ID ,, i prodm i.-d b\ , panics. Hope Star WEATHER. Arkansas-Mostly cloudy, mild, probably occasional rain or mist in south Wednesday nif/ht and Thursday. VOLUME 30—NUMBER 66 HOPE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 29,1937 PRICE 5c COPY TO CHINA 120,000 on Strike Bring Crisis for French Radicals All Transportation Is Paralyzed by Vast Strike in Paris UP TO CHAUTEMPS Unable to Stop "Sit- Downs," He Faces Additional Criticism 'Shock Treatment' for Adolescent Insanity Is Listed at Top of 1937 Medical Advances I'AHIS. France -(/I 1 )— An estimated oliil of 120.0(10 .strikers paralyzed tb" French capital's transportation systems Wednesday and threatened to cut off supplies of water, gas and electricity in one of the gravest crises of the Peoples' Front government. Premier Camille Chautemps 'ordered an emergency session of his cabinet to deal with Ihe general strike of municipal public service workers. C'ri Is for (Jovcnimcnt The strike movement embraced bus, subway, water, yas, electric plant and hospital workers in addition to those of the food am) trncliniM industries ;d- ie.-iil.v on strike. Tie-up of the cap. ilal. which Ihe strikes would effect, threatened to increase the ranks of Cbaulemps' parliamentary opponents' who already have censured him for lading to settle smaller shut-downs. Testimony of a Rightist U-ndnr that Communists liar! p'linnod to cany o-.u a revolution uncle) similar labor tactics led observers to believe tl,e life of (he cabinet depended on the spc -d with which it settled impending slnkc The .sudden spread of labor trouble apparently caught the ,.. •'ornrr.onl un- fiwares, for there was > unusual a< - tivily in govcrnincntul offices nncl it Keenied certain eonfcrcnccs could not be started until later in the day. Transport Unions Vote Municipal water, gas. electric nnd hospital employes cu!le<' a walkout Tuesday night. Bos, sobway ami trolley workers hnions volet to join the strike movement in sympathy with municipal workers. Shortly after the strikes were cialled an invcsliii.-iting magistrate issued testimony of an inquiry into a so i ret Kichtist organisation that asserted sim- lnr labor troubles had been projected Iv a Large Injections of Insulin Check Disease of Brain Experiment on Dementia Praecox Control Is Encouraging AID MANY FIELDS P o w erful Sulfanilam i d e Discovery One of Year's Greatest last month. Eugene Deloncle, accused ;;s one of the heads of the Right : increment, testified the French Gf.i '.•i'al Staff foiled a Communisi revolu- lion scheduled for mid-November. 'Die strike of municipal workers was called by union chiefs in protest agiiiiuil vjigo cuts includo'l in the r-:o- postc' Peris munici:«il lmn<rel fr. I'J.'JS. The bi.d.jet. not yc ant.. -|. u, would rediic-- I. (il)tl fr.v, tlie.se »>,.. I' t.ivren '•»»>> annu; ,./• dracket .s ,(,-.•> about , y,.,. Previously ,., had beui raised I. >)(,() francs <?50 and Cotton NKW OKLKANS! i/l'i January cotton opened Wednesday at H.20 bid and closed at X.12 bid, 8.23 asked. Spot cotton closed barely .steady five points lower, middling KM. 1. The House of Kepi c.sentativc.s often invokes tho "Gag Hide." What does Ibis term moan? 2. Why does a dog eat grass? 3. Who were the "War Presidents" of United States? •1. Has ",'-,OS" always been the radio call of distress? 5. Fanner Jones bought three cows and five horses. Tho horses cost twice as much as the cows. If he had bought five cows and three horses he would have saved 5100. What was the price of ouch cow? of each horse? Answers on Chi'sified Page State Safety Campaign Shows Results With November Report by AiTijIent statislics n-l.-as.-d |,,M wwk ,, y ,, lc . S|ll(p j,,,,,^. „ ,„,.,,, , the 1 raff, c Division of t „ Arkansas Stale Highway Department indicate (Inchon m futurities for Ihe firsl eleven months of HUT of 32 Tins reduction m urms of percentage. ,s H.li.', per cent of the 1936 total for the same period It is interesting to note in eonnec- " - with Ibis report that for the month 11 of November, tiic first month of tin stale tarffic j-afeiy campagin Ixiing fondiiclfd by the State Highway Department, there was a reduction of HI fiiliditie.s a.s against the same month la.sl yi-.ir. The.se reductions arc undoubtedly due to the fact that Arkan- Mt.s^ during the past year has adopted iip-'lo-date traffic legislation and, in Ihe pulling into effect <,f this legislation. the public nniul has been brought moif (li-finitcl.v to coiiMiler the need of careful and .-,ane driving The Slate Highway Department has carried on •oiiMdt cable .safely \\oik throughout the year but greatly intensified its pi (..gram beginning (he fust of November with the immediate objective of reducing fatalities for November and Doccmbcr, and also for the purpose of creating momentum for the safety movement in order that much more pc bitive action nuiy be carried on during I!J38. A part of the 1937 legislative program included the enlargement of the Slate Police Department so that all of Ihe mam highways an.- regularly patrolled. and the selling up of motor vehicle inspection stations, which is contributing definite part to the safety program by requiring vehicles to be in safer peratin:- 1 . dition th ey B.v DR. MORRIS FISHBEIN Editor Journal of the American Mcdiciil Association Tho outstanding medical advances for 1937 were particularly those relating to the control of dementia praecox and the new uses of Ihe drug called suffanaliamide. In every field of medical practice and for every possible group of diseases, however, new discoveries wore announced and new steps Uiken forward which will prove of. immense boncfil to the public. In Ihe field of infectious diseases, the year's ending brought the announcement of it* itification of the virus responsible for measles. For infantile paralysis, it has been established that the organism enters the body in the vast majority of cases by the way of Die nerves in the lop ol the nose. It has been suggested thai this entrance may be blocked by the use of .sprays,, .containing r.inc suUfale solution. The pro "duro is difficult and its exact vnli';. hns not been established ...ough reports from Toronto relaU that. J2 ci-ses of infantile paralysis had occurred among some 5000 children who had been sprayed, in contrast to 18 cases among .some 65000 children who had no' been sprayed. Many Types of Pneumonia In the control of pneumonia, new -- --- ^-,. t ,i,,_,, , ,,_-i, types of serums have been developed frustrated Communist revolution | for several types. There seem to be as many a.s 25 or 30 different types of the pnc umfococcu.s responsible for thisdis- i.ise. By a :,pccinl laboratory test, i-a.si../ performed in any good hospital labors wry, it is possible to find out early just which type affects the per.-on concc-.-ncd and thus to treat him with the si/.-eific serum. t/f .ipc-cial importance among the infectious diseases is the attention now being paid to l!ie venereal diseases— syphilis and gonorrhea. The opening up of this subject by the Surgeon- General of the United States Public Health Service and the co-o|>eratioii' of newspapers, magazine*; and public forums in disseminating knowledge, indicates that we will soon be able to point to records of the control of these discuses. fn Kiirly Stages For whooping cough, new vaccines have been developed alleged to bo useful both in diagnosis and in treat- IlKlll. In Denmark methods were developed for inoculating children against diphtheria by putting the diphtheria loxoid into the nose rather than by injecting it under the skin. These experiments are. however, still in an early experimental stage. In the field of the nervous and mental diseases, siiecial interest attaches to Ihe development of a technic by which loctors can record the activity of various portions of Ihe brain in the .same way that they record Ihe aclivi tics of tile heart. Most important, however, are the new methods of treatment of adolescent insanity—so-called dementia praecox. In this condition, once it develops, there i.s progressive degeneration of the intellect. The new methods of treatment involve the injection of insulin to the point at which the patient becomes unconscious and may even develop convulsions. Anolhci method is to inject the patient with the drug known as metrazol which produces convulsions like those of epilepsy. These methods arc known as shock treatments. Already many hundreds of cases have boon treated and the results are ext-rtinol.v encouraging. Operations Upon Brain In surgery the outstanding operative procedures of interest are those upon the brain, and upon the sympathetic nervous system for the relief of high blood pressure and fro the control of some conditions affecting the heart Other operations have been performed directly upon Ihe heart in order to im prove its circulation. New methods have bee irisccl in treatment of fractures, involving the employment of all sorts of pins, needles, Screws, and skewers. A renewed interest in allergy or hypcrsensilivity has yielded many in- vestigalions. 'It has been shown dial certain forms of food sensitivity may Two Injured Near Here in Automobile Mishap Mrs. C.irl Smith mid .son Gerald, of I re.scott, sustained injuries in an aii- tomiiliile accident Tuesday on Highway 117 near Hope T^.JI- autoniohile col- hcled \\ilh ,, .,n driven by Or Don Smith of !!,,,„.. Mrs, Sli-w.irl. n-i-rivt-d medical tiid at a pin ui.ui:, offui- lu'.-'e and later was !• mm e,I i,, i,IT hi.me ai I'rcscott. Medical progress marched onward in 1937. At the upper left, a Toronto, Out., school pupil is receiving a nasal spray which scientists believe may be effective in prcvoutinff infantile paralysis infection. U S Surecon- General Thomas Parran, upper rlfiht, opened the first effective public campaign against syphilis, and Dr. Adalbert Szcnt Gyorgi of Budapest, Hungary, lower left, won the Nobel Prize for important researches into Vitamin C Iran lung treatment in respiratory diseases i.s facilitated by the partial lung developed at lower right which makes it unnecessary to encase the entire body «u"-n 2 Fatally Burned in Plantation Fire Owner and Foreman Perish in Fire East of Clarendon CLARENDON, Ark.—(/Pi—Two persons were burned to death early Wednesday when fire destroyed a resilience on the Jeffries plantation two niles east of here. The victims, whoso charred bodies were found in the ruins of the dewll- infi, were identified as Miss Lucille Jeffries, 35. an owner of the plantation, and R, A. Moody, farm foreman. Flood Threats in State Discounted Ouachita Still Rising, But Other Rivers Little Affected on llu- roads. The standard driver's IIIVIIM: law with mandatory revocation for mure ,si riou.s offenses also plays iii'portimt purl i,i || 1L , safety story for Arkansas. "'Ihe co-operation of various agencies in (his safety campaign." reports H. D. Booth, Traffic Supervisor for the Highway Commission and Director of the Department Safely Campaign, "has lii-en the finest 1 have ever experienced and there is no doubt in my mind but that, if thus same fine co- uperalion and ciilhu.Ma.sm i.s continued, we shall see sonic- worthwhile results for December in spite of Ihe greatly increased ha/anls alli-mlanl upon traffic during nhat month We art- expecting positive results from safety activities throughout the year Ii).'i8. In announcing u safety ci.mpuien for two months, we- of course had no intvntion >f stopping it at the eiul of December, feal'cly can only be li.nl by keeping (.(.-n.stanlly at (he pub of doing these things which are known to get results and. if attention is relaxed for even a hort period of tin.e. an increase in cccidents will be noted All agencies are asked by Mr. Booth to continue their cu-opcratum in even n larger way during IMrt. MIND Your MANNERS Test your knowledge of correct social usage by answering the following questions, then checking against the authoritative answers below: 1. Is it good nuincrs lu smoke in an elevator'.' 2. What do th« French words "Au just" on a menu mean'.' 3. Is it usually more courteous m give ii reason than not lo whc-n one refuses an invitation? 4. Should one lean on an elbow while drinking coffee? 5. Should one s,ay "I'm sorry" when he inconveniences others in u theater? LITTLE ROCK.-IVP)—Weather Bureau officials said Wednesday there were no indications of serious floods on any Arkansas slreams although the G'uachita river, swollen by local rains, was over the flood stage at Camden. Other rivers were rising slightly. The Ouachita reached a stage of 27.1 feet Wednesday, 1.1 feel above flood stage. Obesrvers predicted » rise of another fool, and then a fall unless there was considerably more rain. L.I!V.<ltvl . What vJojiild'you do if - fou iiru|,a 'w^iinan going to t. I'Ught and you . lij|xl ilothls-- .vitboul a hat'.' (Continued on Poge Three?, 1 You theater wearing la I Go witbo (b) Wear a hat and lake it . after you are scaled in I theater) tc) Wear a hat and keep n i if you like? Answers 1. No. 'i. In meat's own juice. U. Yes. •1. No. 5. Yes, or "Excuse me, jilcaM- " Best "What Would You Do ^ lution—tb), unless the hai very close fitting, then (cl is ; right. tCoj,yright 19liT, NEA Service, 1m- Irish Free State Gets a New Name "Eire," and New Constitution, Take Effect Wednesday DUHLW. Ireland.--(/!'i- The 15-year- old Irish Free- State passed officially into history Wednesday, its 26 counties of Old Ireland becoming "Eire." The new constitution took effect, giving the former Free Suite a new government and a now name—Eire in Gaelic, Ireland in English. Plane Gets Burro's Job of Hauling Gold BROWNSVILLE, Tex. l/T) Burn,.', are too expensive for Earl P. Halliburton. Oklahoma millionaire-, so he has turned to airplanes lu transport his gold in Honduras. His gold mine is located near Tegucigalpa, Honduras, and can be reached only by burro or plane. The gold concentrate, 3,000 pounds daily, has to Ix- transported to the village. "It is a bookkeeping fact that we can transport the gold by plane for less than it costs to use the slow burro," Halliburton said. j Endowment of libraries has been a \ favorite philanthrophy in America. I The name of Andrew Carnegi heads ! the list i.'f benefactors. ! Half of Cars Are Rejected on Test 50% of 100,000 Autos Show Defective Lights and Brakes LITTLE HOCK.- i/W -State police reported Wednesday that approximately 50 per cent of the nearly 100,000 cars tested during the six months were declared faulty under provisions of the state's new model traffic act. Headlight and brakes caused the greatest number of rejections. The department said January 2 was the deadline for testing cars. Senator Miller Views Levee Plans ____ _ i Confers With Engineer on Huge Waterfowl Refuge District WKKT MEMPHIS, Tenn.- i,Ti -Sendor Miller. Arkansas Democrat, ur- •ivuil here Wednesday to confer with Major Daniel Noco. district engineer, on moans of obtaining rinht-of-ways for proposed levees which will ski'rt the While river waterfowl refuge in Arkansas. Senator Miller said the refuge, composed of !l(i,(lOO acre.-, m Phillips, Lee, Arkansas and Monroe counties, i.s ad- minisleivd by the B.ircau of Biological Survey, of tin.- IX-partment of Agriculture. f Their Wares Are Landed Duty-Free in Army's Wake Beat Customs Collection, Which Guarantees China's Debt HIT TRAEHE, DEBTS Other Nations Are Threatened, and 800 Millions of Loans By the Associated Press Japanese moves to cash in on their Chinese conquest intensified apprehension of foreigners Wednesday over their economic future in the Orient While Japanese armed forces were penetrating deeper at Shanghai duty- free, without customs examination at Japanese-controlled docks. Foreigners also feared China would be unable to pay her debts to the United Stales and other countries, since her internal and external indebtedness, estimated at 800 million dollars, is guaranteed by customs revenues. Heavy fightisg still was going on in Spain for possession of the strategic Aragon city-of Teruel, where several thousand insurgent soldiers and civilians were besieged and cut off from the insurgent troops around the city. British Reject Reply TOKLO, Japan— (#•}— The British embassy Wednesday - informed the Japanese foreign office that it could not accept the Japanese military version of the attacks on the British gunboats Ladybird and Bee. The military section of imperial headquarters Tuesday had issued a statement explaining that the attacks were a "mistake" and expressing regrets. Japs Ready for Peace SHANGHAI, China — (&) — General Matsui, the Japanese- commander, threatened Wednesday to press Japan's attack 1,000 miles into China's interior. Americans at Tsingtao, on the Norih Chirva-...coast, at the same time were fleeting from a threatened attack by another arm of the Japanese arrny striikng swiftly across Shangtung province, ^Unless, the Chinese government ends "its anti-Japanese policies," Matsui warned, Japanese forces "may find it necessary" to advance to Hankow and Chungking and "may repudiate the national government of China." Chungking, about 1,000 miles inland in a direct lino from the coast, is up the Yangtze river from Hankow, midland metropolis where the Chinese government moved from Nanking its fallen capital. Matsui told Japanese newspapermen "there is no hurry about future military operations so soon after the cap- lure of Nanking." "Our troops, after more than four months of hostilities, need a rest," the Bcneral said. "At the same time we give the Chinese time to reconsider tlieir attitude but if they persist in their anti-Japanese policies we will be forced to act." Japanese planes raided a wide area, nevertheless, virtually destroying the nam street of Kinhwa, capital of .-hekiang province since the fall of langchow; disrupting service on the Canton-Hankow railroad by blowing IP a bridge at Yiiigtak, Kwangtung irovmcc, and bombing Chinese han- m Wwaiiguing and Anhwei iroviju-es. Best Way to Drop pood From Air Is Studied BAKEHSF1KLD. C..hf.i,l'i -So many communities isolated by snow or floods have had food dropped to ihc-m by parachute in n-ci in years that officials are .seriously MudyiiiK llu- moat effective way ID do it. The furet-l service. m iKiriii-ul.ir. i.s i-xpi-i iniontiny with the mo.-l effective '(.-Junes that can be made from wicks, blanket* or other uni'i'Hcncy material Conducting his own experiments. Cecil C. Meadows, airjturi superm- ion. U. S. Receives Film of Panay Sinking Historic News Picture to Be Shown in Hope January 9-10 ;SAN FRANCISCO, Calif. — (jp, _ A rocjl of historic film, picturing the bombing and destruction of the United States gunboat Panay in the Yangtze river, was carried eastward by special plane TuVsckcy night, under the eyes of armed gOnrd.s. Tiic film, stowed in a traveling bag, rciicli.;d here by Clipper plane from tho Orient Tuesday inclining in the care oH. Norman Alley, Universal ncw.si eel photographer who was wounded as he photographed the bombing and gunning of the Panay b.v Japonoso planes December 12. Mure than 20 polic6 and federal agents, heavily armed, directed unloading, tiansfor and dispatching of the film, insured for $350,000. The negatives will reach New York al 9:30 a. m Wednesday. Prints will be sped to tho State Department at Washington. D. C., and to every corner of the nation for public showing. "There \viis no possible chance." Alley said here, that Japanese pilots mistook the Panay for a s'.'.i pother than American registry. "The colors were painted on the deck and a flag was flying from the mast," ho said. "The -Continued on Page Three).
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