Late News Flashes Budget Agnln Issue WASHINGTON, 1). C.—(/P)—Usually well-informed officials said Tuesday that President Roosevelt would'toll congress next week the J5)38-39 budget can be balanced if relief expenditures can be held within bounds. Some congressmen have expressed the belief that relief costs will run so high that a balance between federal income and outgo can not be reached. (ilrl Is Exonerated WAIIKKN, Ohio—(/P)—Miss Louise Campbell was ordered freed from jail Tuesday after Coroner J. S. Ilenshaw filled thcit the gunshot death of her mother was accidental. The 28-year-old woman had been held without charge since Saturday. Mrs. Campbell, 55, daughter-in-law of the pioneer steel master, James A. Campbell, died Sunday of hemorrhages induced by an abclnominal wound, despite blood transfusions from her daughter. . -_ <f) Kale Hike Delayed . LITTLE ROCK-l/Ti-Thc Arkansas Conservatives and Radicals on Even Terms in Congress Business Recession Strengthens Conservative Law-Makers NEW TEST IN 1938 Corporation Commission Tuesday suspended pending a hearing on January \2 increases on intra-.s'tatc freight rates <if 2 cent.s per 100 pounds on paper. I iipiT iirlieles, bags, boxes, cartons and other articles, scheduled to become effective December 31. EL DORADO. Ark.- i/I'i - -Swollen by continued rains, the Ouacliila river row. 1 at Gallon and Kidseiithiil Tuesday and spread its back-water over lowlands. If Congress Rebuffs F. D's Policies, Issue Will Go to People WASHINGTON.-- (/I') --Washington observers are saying that concern about the business situation may result in a showdown between the conservative and liberal elements of Congress, regardless of party affiliations, at the coming session. To those who followed the developments of Die special session, it wa.s obvious that the current economic recession had .served to stiffen the attitude of the conservatively-disposed and make them more than ever ready to assert their independence. It was equally apparent that supporters of the administration were inclined to absolve the administration of responsibility for the slump, blame hu.sine.ss itself, and urge an unabated continuation of Roosevelt policies. With such questions as taxes, antimonopoly legislation and, perhaps, the wage-hour bill coming up in the session beginning next week, it seemed inevitable that 1938 would produce t.hc sharpest clash yet between the liberal find conservative camps. Conservatives Strong .More and more, division of the congressional membership into these two groups has come to disregard party lines—at witness tho circulation among conservative Democrats and Republicans, alike, of a joint .statement of principles recently. If three votes, generally considered tests of strength during the special session, may be taken as criteria, the conservative Democrats, by combining their power with the Republicans, can muster nearly as many votes as supporters of the administration. Thus, if President Kooscvelt's program is to be carried out, a question of firs!, importance is how many Democrats can be kept from going over to the opposition on specific issues. Tlie entire membership of the house und one-third of the senate will be up for re-election next fall. If the presu- dcnts measures should fail at the coining session, sofe of Mr. Roosevelt's suppoi tcrs expect the parly organi/.a- tion to souk defeat of rccallilrant Democrats in the coining parly primaries. II, on the other hand, Mr. Roosevelt lines up enough votes to enact an appreciable portion of his program, such a political showdown would he postponed until the presidential and congressional cli-ctions <if 1!MO. t'liiiliol uf J'arty Involved Parellmg the battle between the conservatives and liberals for control of Congress, is an equally intense .struggle helween the two groups for control of the Democratic party and the privilege of naming its HMO persi- dential candidate and writing its 1 it-Id platform. Some Senate Democrats predicted that the struggle for parly control would come out into the open during the regular session, and cany over, depending largely on the president's course, meanwhile, into the HMO convention. While there was general acknowledgement of thf serious nature of the split, it was not in all cases regarded as a thing of evil. There were those Who said they welcomed it as an instrumentality for hastening a real 14511- ment of parties, so that the conservatives would be virtually all in one party and the liberals in another. Reflector Is Designed to Mark Highways SACRAMENTO, Calif. i/I'i A curbing that reflects the light of an auto's headlights, Ihn.s clearly marking the edge of pavement, has been designed by tho California division of highways. It is expected to prove valuable in showing the dividing strip in two-lane highways, now being widely used in this state. Kiwi Dies PARIS, France- (/'I'/—Maurice Ravel, K2, celebrated French composer, died Tuesday. Kiimaiiian Shakeup BUCHAREST, Rumania i/IV- King Carol Tuesday night accepted the resignation of Premier George Tataresou and commissioned Octavian Goga, anti-Semitic president of the National Christian party, to form a new government. Hope •UHLa* WEATHER. Arkansas — Cloudy Tuesday and Wednesday with occasional rain; sliyhlly colder extreme, west and central. Star VOLUME 39—NUMBER 65 HOPE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 28,1937 PRICE 5c COPY STRIKE General Motors Drops 30,000; Used Car Sales Decline 1. What causes the holes ill Swiss cheese? 2. What was the most recent exploration by which United Stales acquired territory? 3. Where are the Pillars of Hercules? 4. How old musl a President of the United Slates he? 5. A police officer sent the following telegram: "Mary filed rarest layers panel." Can you decode his message? Answers un Classified 1'ajic 29,197 Bales of Cotton, Hempstead Ginnings Through December ]H Year Ai>'n Totaled 22,216 lirin]iM<<ad county's cotton ginnings to December 13 totaled U'.U!I7 bales, according to a confirmation notice Tuesday from the Department of Commerce to W. II. Utter of Washington, county report for the Bureau of the Census. Ginnings to the same date last year totaled 22,216 hales. $300,000"A¥ed of U, S. for Schools State Education Department Again Appeals for WPA Aid LIT'ILK ROCK-The Stale Department of Education prepared a formal application Monday for submission to j the Works Progress Administration, I asking a gran! of approximately $.'(0(1,0(1(1 to school uVtrirl.s of the .state- to assist them in maintaining eight-month terms. Commissioner of Education W. K. rhipps said that unless financial assistance was obtained from some source a "great many' '.schools of the state would be unable to complete their terms. The state cquali/.mg fund is making it possible for many schools lo remain open for seven months, he said, but other schools which have not qualified for equalmng money are in need of assistance. The applicalmn wa.s prepared following a conference between Mr. Phipps ami Floyd Sharp, State WPA administrator. If Ihe application is granted it will be Ihe fifth year of the WPA In extend financial assistance to sUite schools. Since I'.KU, tin 1 federal agency has granted !he slate $2,ti:a,'7r>.'). Grants have been as follows: l(i:s:t-:M, $'.lf>(),2H8; HI34-H5, SUIiliJIi?; Httvllli, $-102,74!l, and l!l.'«i-37, $2.1-1.951. The money last year went lo 519 .schools. About that iiKiny are in need of assistance this year, Mr. Phipp.s said. The aid, if granted, would be in the same form as in previous years employment. The Stale Department of Education would civtify to the WPA names of teachers, janitors an.I bus drivers needed lo operate schools in I the state that cannot remain open to; Ihe end of the term without federal aid. | , The Icm-heis, janitors ami drivers ! would lie put on WPA rolls at wage j rales fixed in an executive order is- .'ued by President Roosevelt. The teachers would be placed in Ihe liroUssioiial and technical worker class and would be paid a monthly salary ranging from 5'I2 to $<iX, according to Ihe population of cities in their counties. Any couniy whose largest city is over ftll.UOO would get the highest rale for its teachers. Janitors anil bus duvers would draw similar wages and would be graduated on Ihe same population basis. X-Ray Penetrates Secret of Indian Luck Piece COLORADO SPRINCi.-;. Colo. i/I'i Dr. W. F. Urea of Colorado college has discovered a way lo "eat his cake" and keep it, too. He wanted It; know what was insiile an Indian fetish, kept by a south| western Colorado tribe as a "good j luck" charm for deer hunts, and yet he didn't want lo destroy the relic. The fetish, Dr. Drca was told by old-lirne Indians, was made of tissues from the heart of deer, tightly wrapped in layers. The Indians did not know what was inside this particular fetish. So Dr. Drea x-rayed it and discovered that in the center was an ear of cum and other objects which appeared to be turquoise. - -^»««w- The magpie is very lame in Norway, nesting even in the gaiilens of town houses. Business Recession Makes Retrenchment N'eces- sary, Knudson A THREE-DAY WEEK All U .S. Plants Affected —But Canadian Business Is Normal DETROIT, Mich. —(/!') —William S. Knudson, president of General Motors corpoiM.ion, announced Tuesday thai employment of General Motors throughout the United Stales would be reduced by approximately 30.000 employes effective January I. lie said "the recession in business- makes a readjustment of the working force necessary," and explained the company's plants would operate on a Ihrce-day-werk basis, each operating 24 hours a week. The executive added thai no reductions had been ordered in the Canadian plants because "business is normal there." Knudson said that, "the used ear market is stopped, and when that is stopped our employment drops." Billion Is Spent Yearly On Arms Is Biggest Peace-Time Expenditure in History of United States Ky ALEXANDER R. OKOROE AP Feature Service Writer WASHINGTON—Our defense is cost- in'.' big money these days—almost a billion dollars a year. That is more than it has ever cost before in peace time. Congress- has decided to spend this huge sum annually because naval limitation treaties and other buffers against war have failed. "Jane's Fighting Ships." anthorila- tive yearbook on world navies discloses in its 1937 edition, just out. a world-wide race for sea power limited only by Ihe supply of men and ma- lerials. Britain plans almost lo double her capital tonnage; Russia and Japan are sprinting for submarine supremacy; Germany, Italy and France have joined the contest. And America, holding thai our commerce and property abroad and, more imrwirlant. our coa.slline musl be protected, is keeping pace with the field. Besides ships now building or planned, our fleet, staff officers announce, is in the highest stale of efficiency in ils history. The l.im-iip unlay A quick survey of (he 'round-the- world situation today revc.'ils: Tin- British fleel excels in .striking power, with a huge complement o) speedy cruisers and destroyers. The Japanese and Italians excel in submarines, and the French in heavy- shooting battleships and cruisers. Germany excels in scientific efficiency of naval design, anrl Russia ii- supposed to have developed a fine fleel of submarines and torpedo boats. America leads the fleets m heavy battleships and in its naval air force. Industrial Mobilization With ships now being built, the United Stales will have a fleet that can throw steel lines of defense across the oceans a thousand miles beyond our coasts. The army is nioiori/ing iu> divisions and selling up a huge coasl defense trap for any enemy thai might penetrate the naval cordon. Backing up these defenses are the limitless raw maatenal of the United Slates and the industrial plants that can translate these resources into war equipment. The army has complete plans to mob- ili/.e our industrial strength in the even! of war. The navy, of course, is our fust line if defense. Save for an entirely unlikely invasion from Mexico or Canada, •m enemy would have to strike us from 'he sea. .Stark-gists long have .studied our isolated geography and the possible com- biimtii us of enemy attacks, and have designed the strength of our fleet uc- -ordingly. Much of this design is ecret. but roughly U conforms to the |-erifications laid down by Naval Secretary Claude Swansoii: "... Our navy musl be so mobile ind sein.sLifficicnt ll.al it can be projected a thousand miles or more from ur coast and be maint.lined oil this far distant station. "This, in effect, will create a new '•laslic frontier of steel. Behind Ibis frontier will be an oceanic hinterland 'if millions of squaic miles. Over this buffer slate an enemy must send an •Jir attack before il reaches the val- South Warned of Over-Expansion in Paper Pulp Plants Half of South Using Timber Faster Than It Is Grown 13 NEW FACTORIES 100-Million-Dollar Pulp Investment in South Completed WASHINGTON-(/p7-The South received n warning Tuesday by F. A. Silcox, Forest Service chief, that much of its timber resources might be ruined by too great a concentration of pulp and paper mills. He said in his annual report that 13 new Southern pulp and paper mills representing 100 million dollars investment would begin early production with n total annual consumption of 2Vi million cords of wood. In haLf of the South existing industries are already using more wood than replaced by growth, he said. 05,735 Permanent Jobs NASHVILLE, Tcnn.-M')—The Southern Stales Industrial Council said Tuesday that all Southern industry was expanded by 165 million dollars during 1937, and gave permanent employment to 65,735. Nevada to Return 2 Negro Brothers Sheriff Brad Bright Goes to Texas for Pruitt's Assailants , Two of three negro brothers, wanted for the shooting last August 9 of Deputy Sheriff John Pruitt of Nevada county, have been arrested at Tahoka, Texas, near the New Mexico border, it was learned Tuesday. The third negro was arrested soon after the shooting and is at liberty under bond, pending a trial in Ne- vndii circuit court during the January term. Sheriff Brad Bright and Deputy Red Vandever left Prescott Monday afternoon for Tahoka to return the two ne- gro prisoners. They arc expected to return to Prescott possibly late Wednesday. The .shooting of Deputy Pruitt occurred near the home of the negro brothers 10 miles east of Prescott when the officers went there to claim a yearling. According to the sheriff's office at Prescott, the negroes became enraged and opened fire on Pruitt witli .shotguns. Pruitt was dangerously wounded and remained in a Prescott hospital several weeks before he recovered. One of the negro brothers, Richard Wilson, was arrsted aftr the shooting. The other two, Joe and Willie Wilson, disar/parod and have been at liberty until their arrest at Tahoka. r* (Continued un Page Three) A Thought It is the duty of men to love those who injure Ibem. Marcus- Antoninus. Bank Appeals to Supreme Court Buckner State Bank to Take Columbia Decree to High Tribunal Ll'ITLE HOCK. Ark.t'/IV-The tluck- ner Stale Bank appealed to the supreme court Monday from a Columbia chancery court decree awarding $2700 judgment to John Stager, executor of the will of (he lale Kathryn Wilkinson, against Mrs. E. McMorella. Mrs. McMorella oblained a $2000 loan on farm property ucar Magnolia, issuing a mortgage to the Security Mortgage company to secure the loan. The loan company assigned the Mortgage to Mrs. Wilkinson. In the meantime Mrs. McMorella had obtained another loan on her property, issuing a mortgage in favor of the bank. Stager sued for a judgment of pi in- cipal and interest on the loan. The bank intervened, claiming it had priority to the McMorella property. The Woodmen of the World appealed a Polk circuit court judgment of $81)7.4!) for Don F. May. May sued the fraternal organization for a $1000 insurance policy issued to James A May, who died April 20, 1937. The WOW claimed the policy had been revoked prior to the death. Grocer Sounds Alarm on Blije Mondays SLINGER, Wis.—(/I 1 )—E, F. Franzcl. a grocer, has it novel way of boosting his previously dull Monday business. He has an alarm clock, its face covered, with Ihe alarm set for an unknown hour. Whenever the bell rings, Frunze! doe snot charge for groceries being purchased at the moment. Now curious, hopeful housewives come early, stay late. Here Is a Camera - Painting of War Rescue of 6,000 Trapped in Teruel Sought by Franco Reinforced Fascist Army Reported to Have Broken Through CITY IS~BE~SIEGED Government Army, Laying Siege, Suddenly Put on Defensive When Mars turns artist, he produces eye-pleasing masterpieces of pictorial irony, as in this scene at Wusih, near Shanghai. In the foreground, Japanese troops loll languidly in boats on the moat below the city's wall of houses, little suggesting the menace of war that clouds the sky. Flames and smoke billow from buildings set afire by the artillery shells. At a pre-arranged sign the soldiers doffed .their lethargy and stormed the walls. —"" MTaddjn Named Chairman of Ball Heads Hempstead Celebration of Roosevelt Birthday Benefit LITTLE ROCK— f/P)—County chairmen for the annual President's Birthday Balls to be held January 29 for the benefit of the Fight Against Infantile Paralysis campaign, were selected tentatively Tuesday by the .slate advisory committee. Governor Bailey was named honorary state chairman. County chairmen selected include: Hompstead—E. F. McFacldin. U. S. Silver Policy May Be Changed President Roosevelt to Make Announcement This Week Prescott Garden Winners Named To Receive Awards for the Best Christmas Decorated Homes WASHINGTON--!/! 1 )—Treasury and Mexican officials announced Tuesday the continuance of United States purchases of Mexican silver through January. Statement Expected WASHINGTON—i/Pi- -Some officials said Monday night thai President Roosevelt might put his silver buying program on a 2-1-hour basis. His cus- j ton) in the pasl has been to issue a proclamation fixing the Treasury price for newly mined domestic silver for a year. It wa.s learned Monday that Mr. Roosevelt might in the future an- 1 nounccd silver prices would be subject to change at any time conditions 1 warranted. ; This action may be taken Thursday' or Friday. He has promised to "say! •omething about silver" this week. Unless he extends the present policy, the 1 less be extends the present policy, Ihe! existing proclamation, establishing thej lomeslie silver price at 77.57 cents an] ounce or about 32 cents above the' world price, will expire Friday night. JLciTctary of the Treasury Murgen- 'hau has indicated that the policy of ;aying more for domestic than foreign j iilver would continue but the ncw| -jrice is being kept secret because of its importance to speculators. Bc- •atibo. however, of warnings from sil- >cr state legislators that a reduction n Ihe price would throw thousands of miners out of work, the price is not oxpcctcil to be much, if any. different, from the present one. Some persons predicted the new ••rice would be 75 cents an mnce, bul ifficials said that if the price were to be lowered the reduction might be more substantial than 2.f>7 tents an ounce. . PRESCOTT, Ark.—Mrs. J. B. Hcs- terly won first and Mrs. Carl Dairy m- ple won second place in the contest for the most effective Christmas decorations sponsored by the Garden Club and judged Christmas eve night. Mrs. Dnlrymple's prize was the result of decorations at the home of Mrs. A. S. Buchanan. The judges were Mrs. Webb, of Mission ( Texas; Miss Sue Jones of Litlle Rock, and Wirt Garland of Emmet. The center of interest in Mrs. Hester— ly's display was two silvered Christmas trees flanking the entrance of the Hcsterly home, upon which blue floodlights were trained. Colored lights were placed over the front door, and on the house's south side was a handsome shrub hung with vari-colorcd lights. One of the judges described Mrs, Dalrymplc's decorations as a "medallion of colored lights." Within a double circle of blue lighUs on Ihe porte- cochere of Ihe Buchanan home was a silvered tree strung with vari-colored lights. 'I here were eleven homes entered in Ihe contest, and the judges said that elimination was difficult. There was no classification of ly|>cs of displays. The winner of the first |>ri/.e will receive $;i. The second prize is $2. The awards are furnished by the Garden Club and will be given lo the winners later. lhis is the second year that Ihe Garden Club has sponsored such a contcsl. Last year the first pn/c went lo the Hays home on Christian Ridge. Alton Recruit in Prescott Wreck Car Driven by James Jones Strikes Prescott Ambulance PRESCOTT. Ark.-Answering a call at the railroad crossing near the old ice plant where a southbound freight had struck an automobile, the ambulance of the Prcscolf. Hardware Co., Undertaking Department was struck by a car early Friday night. The car was driven by James Jones, CCC enrollee of the camp near Hope. The accident occurred at the intersection of Main street and Highway 67. J. D. Cornish said that a fender and running board were lorn from the ambulance and that i\ casing was ruined. Considerable damage was also done to the body of the vehicle, he said. The ambulance wa.s traveling on the highway to the scene of the train accident, and the car wa.s coming onto the highway from Main street. Two other persons were said to be in the car driven by Jones. He was jailed for reckless driving. By the Associated Press A fierce battle to rescue several thousand insurgents trapped in Teruel high-lighted the Spanish civil war Tuesdays-while half way around the world in China foreigns fled from Tsingtao in the face of a Japanese advance on that seaport. In Spain, General Mjguel Arandai heading a strongly reinforced insurgent army, was reported breaking through the government lines northwest of Teruel in a counter-offensive designed t olift the siege of approximately 6,000 insurgent soldiers and civilians stubbornly holding out since government trops captured the city last week. In China, the United States gunboat Sacramento evacuated a load of American refugees from. Tsingtao, transporting them toward Shanghai. Dispatches said 280 Americans had left the city. Japs Reply to British TOKYO, Japan.— (/PJ— Foreign Minister Koki Hirota Tuesday night delivered to British Ambassador Sir Robert Leslie Craigie Japan's reply to a protest against a Japanese attack on. the British gunboat Ladybird. The text was not made public, but the military section of imperial headquarters issued'ar'statement' saying: the attack was a "mistake" and expressing regret. A sailor was killed in. the attack. Add Is Thrown on Fords in Si Louis Indians Ask Citizenship SAN DIEGO. Calif.—I/PI Full benefits and responsibilities of i m.'.en.sship were asked by the Mission Indians m a resolution adopted in convention here. The father of Henry Wudsworth Longfellow disapproved of his son becoming a man of letters. Police Probe Vandalism in Connection With C.I.O. Strike ST. LOUIS, Mo. t/I'i Police Monday nigl.i were investigating complaints of owners of new Ford uuto- mulalc.". 111.it then- machines had been damaged by vandals. Dr. G C. Uriggs reported "a strong aciil solution wa* thrown on his new car \\hile he was making a professional call. The paint was blistered. Dr. Briggs sakl lie "had been warned" not to accept the new car. Earl C. Sampson, an auto salesman, reported his new Ford was overturned in front of his home Sunday night Police had received similar complaints. Bert Gantncr. personnel director at the local Ford plant where a strike of C. I. O. United Au'omobilc Workers was called several weeks ago. declared (he company operat'^d Monday "\vi f h a full force and turned 90 curs off the as.-embly line." Police in scout cars fontinutM tit escort workers leaving Ihe plain. MIND Your MANNERS Test your knowledge of correct social usage by answering the following questions, then checking against the authorilalive answers below: 1. Is ii better for a man to say "Do you have the next dance taken'.'" or "May I have the next dance'".' 2. Should a girl apologize for not following perfectly'.' ii. Should a man be responsible for dancing with his own partner whenever she does nol have a dance taken? 4. May a girl ignore a partner's "Thank you" at the end of a dance? 5. At a party where there is no one presiding over the punch bowl does the girl serve her partner and herself? What would you ilo if — You are a girl and at the end of a dance, you fun) that your partner for the evening is nowhere in sight— 'a* Let your lasl partner worry about what to do with you? llii Ask lo be excused and'go lo the dressing mom for a minu:. <T tuo? (cJ Ask him lo lake you to the chiipi-'i *'Hs' corner? Answers 1. "May 1 have the next dance?" L. A man takes the responsibility for all mishaps while dancing. Ii. Ye.-: this is important. 4. No. She should reply "Thank you," ur "Thank you. I enjoyed il." 5. No. the maii serves her and then himself. Best "What Would You Do" so- lution—ibi though ic> is all right, too. But if you want the man ever to dance with you apain. don't try la I. (Copyright 1937, NEA Service. Inc i MILAN, Italy.— (IP) —The States "liquidated" the tbnay incident, Premier Mussolini's newspapers asserted Monday, because "really nothing can be done against Japan." A biting editorial in the newspaper Fopolo dTtalia gave Mussolini's views of the Panay settlement and poked jibes at opponents of the Ludlow proposal to require a national referendum in the United States before a declaration of war. "After the Panay incident," said the article discussing the American gunboat sung in China by Japanese bombers, "there was a wave of bellicose instincts in the United States which now is calming down in view of and considering that really nothing can be done against Japan. "They only could send notes to which Japan replied in a correct and solicitous manner which the same government of the United States found satisfactory enough to liquidate the pei- sode." Tho editorial said the Ludlow proposal had fallen under "this war-monger noise." Democracy Held Useless Opposition to the proposed constitutional amendment, especially from the American government and newspapers "gives documentation that democracy has faults and that its principles are applicable only in the ordinary contingencies of life and not in the extraordinary." The paper said the Ludlow proposal commitleed the unpardonable error of taking democracy .seriously. "Can you imagine war being pro- claiinctl by referendum? Referendums are fine when it is a question of choosing a suitable spot for a town fountain, bul when the supreme interests of a people are at slake even the most democratic governments take care uot to trust the people's judgment." The article suggested that perhaps democrats would not submit the question of a war declaration to their peoples because they considered war "a bagatelle without specific importance." Texan Is Guest Speaker at Hope Kiwanis Meet A review of aciivilies of the lillo, Texas, Kiwanis club was brought to the Hope club Tuesday noon in a talk by Jesse H. Burr, guest speaker. Sixiiisoriny of a girls scout camp and a movement aiding needy children were the two outstanding accomplishments of the Texas club during the past year. Mr. Barr said. Mr. Ban, guest of R. V. Herndon, (.resident of the club, substituted on the program when the one arranged by Joe Floyd was unavoidably postponed. A musical program is planned lor next Tuesday. Cotton NEW ORLEAN.-^)—January cot- ion opened Tuesday at S.2T and closed ai S.26 bid. 8.29 asked. Spot cotton closed steady four points lower, middling 8.49.
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