Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on December 24, 1937 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Friday, December 24, 1937
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IT'S A (Racket! /CLAUDS STUART HAMMOCk' An Mpoi&of the tlcver tchctnet that ttclndti tht American people out of million* of dollart yea-ly. No. 42. Diesel EI,,,UIC Experts Richard Hoyer had sponl five years driving a baker's delivery u-uck. His comings had not increased perceptibly during that time, and as there scorned slight prospect of advancement, he had become discouraged. — - * —® "There's no future to this Job, Sam," * * -*^ * y~>* « he told one of the other drivers as they Labor Board Finds Ford Co. Violated the Wagner Law Orders Company to Stop Resisting UAW Re- ' cruiting Agents C O M P A N^APPEALS Labor Board Orders Rehiring o f29 Discharged Employes WASHINGTON. -(yi'j-DeciiiinK that the Ford Motor company violated the Wiigncr Liibor Disputes Act, the National Labor Relations Board ordered the company Thursday to rchire 29 employes who, the board said, were discharged for union activity in violation of the act. 7'he board ordered the Ford company to stop discouraging membership in the United Automobile Workers of America or any other union. Tlie decision resulted from complaints by the U. A. W., which is n C. I. O. union. A. U. A. W. complaint that the company hud discharged six other employes for union activity was dismissed. I«al>or FIcmrd Findings "From testimony in this proceeding, two facts' stand out: The unconcealed hostility with which the Ford Motor company views buna fide labor organizations and the utter ruthlcssness with which^lt ba.s fought the organization of its employes," the board said. "The respondent (the Ford company), not only through public interviews and statements, but through the direct circulation of anti-union literature within its plants, has made its antagonism to labor. organizations so evident that no employe who.se economic life is at its mercy can fail to comprehend it. ' "*" V" significance of this an,'~ ,'ieen brought home to ^ts ..j>.j tnrough the constant hostility of foreman and supervisory officials, through the systematic discharge of union advocates, through the employment of hired thugs to terrorize and beat union members and sympathizers, and through numerous other acts of intimidation and coercion recited above (in the testimony;. Service Dop'nr.tmcpt Hit "The chief weapon of the respondent in this fight to prevent self-organization among its employes has been the Ford Service Department. "The record leaves'no doubt that the Service Department has been vested with the responsibility of maintaining surveillance over Ford employes, not only during their work but when they are outside the plant, and of crushing at its inception, by force if necessary, any sign of unio nactivity. "Thus within the respondent's vast River Rouge plant a Dearborn the freedom of self-organization guaranteed by the act lias Ixien replaced by a rule of terror and repression. "niimm.v" Labor Organization "Evidently fearful that the foregoing measures might not suffice to restrain the growth of the U. A. W., the respondent fostered a 'dummy' labor organization of its own choice — the Fore Brotherhood of America, Inc. We find that the respondent bus dominated and interfered with the formation and administration of this organization and has contributed to the support of it." Kongo Kiots Recalled Eighteen of the '1C closely typewritten pages in the board's decision wa.s devoted to a description of the trouble at two River Rouge plant gates last May 26. The board culled "almost unbelievably brutal" the .story of attacks on union officials and handbill distributors as developed at a hearing on the union's complaint. "More important, perhaps, than any other .single factor in connecting the respondent with the events of May 'l wa.s the presence of Evert/lt Moore head of the Ford Service Department, at the scene of the rioting and his acquiescence m the acts that were being coirunitteed," the decision said. "The testimony of Alvm Stickle that it'was Kvurett Mtiore who turned him over to Comment (identified earlier in the document as Wilfred Comment) with the remark, 'Okay, boys,' and then stood by viewing the beating which wa.s given him, was uncontra- dicted at the hearing. Avert Use of Literature "The careful preparations made for weeks in advance by the respondent to prevent any attempt of the U. A. W. to distribute literature at the plant; lh£ great increase in size of its Service IJepartment; the presence at the scene of professional fighters and of individuals with known criminal records employed by the respondent; the experienced professional manner in (Continued on Page Six) were loading their trucks. "You can work till you're too old tp climb on a truck, then they'll let you go." "It's the best I can do, 1 snld Sam. "I didn't finish grammar school and Jheres not much chance of getting anything better." "Well," snld Richard, "you went to school as long as I did. But I'm going to get n bettor job." "Yeah? Got something in mind?" "I sure have, Sam. Come over tonight and I'll tell you all about it. It might interest you, too," That night Sam went over to Richard's rooming house. "Now," he said, "shoot the works. I'm not keen on delivering bread forever." Richard got out some letters and advertising matter. "Horcs the dope," he said. "I'm going to be a Diesel expert!" "What's that?" nskcd Sam. "Why, you know Diesel engines are getting a big piny now, and theres plenty of good jobs for men who can install and service Diesel engines." "Gosh, Dick, I don't know the first thing about machinery." "Neither do I, Sam, but we can learn -right here at home. This letter is from a correspondence school that teaches you so you can step right into a good paying job." "Well, I guess some fellows do learn that way. But it would cost a lot of dough, and then I'd probably be a flop." "Not the way these folks teach It, yon wouldn't! Just look at these letters from their students," said Ricltard as lie displayed several pages. "These liave all learned and, arc making big pay." "Probably they were mechanics to start with," Sam suggested. "Not on your life," said Richard. "Iliis one was a bookkeeper. Here's one that 'was a house-to-house salesman. Another was a'truck driver. And none of 'em had any mechanical experience." "How long docs the course take, Dick?" "It's supposed to take six months But of course it depends on how hard you work. Then they give you a two weeks laboratory course and you're roady to go to work." "If you cnn find a job ..." said Sam. "Here's the best part >of it. They guarantee you n job at $75 a week to start. They can do that because they need more men than they can supply!" "Say! That sounds pretty good. How much does it cost?" "Why, $140 for the course and ?5fl for the laboratory work. That makes $190 all together." "That lets me out, Dick. I. haven't got that kind of dough." "Neither have I. But we can pay it in instalments. It costs ?225 that way, but it's a lot easier. We pay $50 to start and $30 a month. I'm going to take it up!" "All right, Dick, I'm with-you. Six months isn't long. We can study together and maybe finish sooner." Both enrolled for the course and started in with enthusiasm. But from the start, their progress was slower than they had expected. Numerous books wore required, adding unexpected expense. And with their limited education, the books were difficult to understand. After four months during which they seemed to get nowhere, Tom said: "It's no use, Dick. We've spent about $350 between us and I don't know a thing about the stuff we're studying. I'm through, and I'm not going to pay another cent." Richard admitted that he felt the same way and they gave it up as hopeless. They learned later, however, that they must pay the balance according to contract, whether they profited by it or not. Many such "schools" make absurd claims and promises, merely to sell their "courses of instruction" but they never fail to collect. And not a few v.l tliuin have been put out of business for fraudulent use of the mails. Allow $5,717 in Fees on Tax Sale Is First Granted to Appointees of Attorney General Holt i Hope Star WEATHER. Arkansas. — Mostly cloudy, somewhat unsettled Friday night and Saturday; somuwha.t colder Saturday, north and central. VOLUME 39—NUMBER 62 HOPE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 24, 1937 PRICE 5c COPY APOLOGY Student Programs at Baptist, M.L Churches Sunday Boys and Girls, Home From School, on Programs at 7:30 p. m. MANY GWEN ROLES Baptist .Student Activity Is Scheduled to Run 68 Minutes Services will be hold at First Baptist church at the usual hours Sunday. The pastor will preach at the morning service on "Help -at All Times," and college students will liave charge of a special program bunday night at 7:30. The student program will consist of instrumental and vbcal music, readings, and short talks. It is scheduled to be given in 68 minutes. Carl Sdhoolqy, president of tho senior class at Ouaehita college, will have charge of the program. Students from the following schools will participate: Baylor University, Waco, Texas; Choate School, Boston, Mass.; Henderson State Teachers College, Arkadcl- phia, Ark.; Ouaehita College, Arkadelphia, Ark.; State Teachers College, Conway, Arkansas; University of Arkansas, Fayetlcville, Ark.; and Whitworth College, Mississippi. The Rev. William R. Hamilton, pastor of the church, stales thai all high school students will be welcomed as honor guests, and that the gtneral public is invited. The theme-thought will lie "Today and Tomorrow With Christ." The program will be as follows: Piano Prologue—Miss Enola Elcx- ander. Introduction of Program—Rev. W. R. Hamilton. "Aimes and Purpose of Baptist Student Union"—Carl Schoolcy. Hymn: "All Hail the Power of Jesus' Name"—Congregation. Prayer—James Butler (Musical response—Quartet). Christmas Reading—Miss Martha Ann Singleton. Scripture and Poem—James Sancllin. Offertory Prayer—H. A. Fi.sk. Offertory—Miss Frances Snydcr. "The Marks Of a Maximum Christian—My Covenant" (Talks—two minutes each) by Misses Dulcic D. Compton, Melba Lee Russell, Nell Williams Mary Hayncs, Marjorie Waddle. Mymn: "Where He Leads Me I Will Follow"—Congregation. French Horn Solo—Peyton Kolb. "My Experience in Today's Campus Christianity"—A Symposium. 1. "My Church First—Choosing and Following Christ Regardless"—Lane Taylor and William R. Parsons. 2. "Making Christianity Practical on My Campus"—Miss Mary Delia While Piano Solo—Miss Nancy Ruth Carrigan. hcripturc Readings—Earl Ponder. "Today's Youth Building a Christian Tomorrow"—H. A. Fisk. One minute silent prayer. Echo Music—Quartet. Benediction—Kcv. W. R. Hamilton. F'osllucle—Miss Enola Alexander. 1. Why do many sailors uniforms have broad collars? 2. What is a coin collector called? A stamp collector? 3. From where do Manxmen come? 4. When will the next inauguration uf a President of the United SUites be held? 5. A church ruling prohibits the marriage of second cousins. Can the children of John Smith's mother's father's brother's son's daughter marry under this luw? Ausivvr$ on Clu-sufied Page LITTLE ROCK.—Land Commissioner Otis Pago issued a check for $5,717.17 Thursday to O. W. Garvin of Little Rock, sjjecial state's attorney, as fees from s<iles of tax forfeited property on which confirmation suits were filed by Mr. Garvin and 70 attorneys appointed by Attorney General Jack Holt to assist with the suits in the counties. It was the first remuneration Mr. Holt's appointees have received since they began work early in 1937. The suits involved lands forfeited to the stale for non-payment of 1933 property taxes. G. B. Oliver, l<ix confirmation attorney appointed in 1935 by Carl E. Bailey, then attorney general, has received approximately $45,000 from the Land Office in fees for himself and local attorneys, who assisted in the confirmation suils. Several other attorneys appointed by Mr. Bailey have received approximately $6,000 for filing confirmation suits. Wusnl White uf Bodcaw Joe N. White of Bodcaw came to The Star office Friday and said two weeks ago this newspaper published an item in Ihe municipal court proceedings listing Joe White as forfeiting a $10 cash bond for drunkenness. Police Chief John W. Ridgdill said Mr. White was innocent—and that the man convicted wa.s a negro by the nmm> of Joe White. Goodfellows Christmas Cheer Fund Reaches $l6o on Friday Total of $69 Is Reported by Canvassers on Day's Report as Campaign Ners Close The Goodfellow's Christmas Cheer fund climbed to a total of $160.78 Friday with additional reports from the canvassing committees. Thursday's solicitation, which was s) — •—• reported Friday morning, totaled 1 Buford J. Poe $69.25. The donations follow: Previously reported Cash Ray Cumbie f. R. Billingslcy R. P. Bowcn ' Mrs. Frank Hicks Roy Anderson jorhaiYi & Gosncll ? Louie Carlson Morgan & Lindsey . Caplinger heckered Cafe Terrell Cornelius R. V. Herndon ity Bakery Middlebrooks Grocery Pages Market Bycrs Curb Market Alvin Wisener Leo Robins Feeders Supply Co C. L. Renfro J. E. Walker J. C. Chealham T. S. McDavitt Service Class . Robert Campbell W. O. Bcenc Rao Webb Porterfield Store Boswcll Depl. Store R. L. Kidd E. S. Greening A. L. Taylor Tom Evans Mrs. Mable Tollctt Chas. F. Routon, Jr Wm. G. Johnson, Jr $86.53 .. 5.00 .. 1.00 .. .50 .. .50 .. 1.00 .. 1.00 .. 1.00 .. 1.00 .. 1.00 . 1.00 ... 1.00 ... 1.00 ... 1.00 ... 1.00 ... 1.00 ... 1.00 ... 1.00 ... 1.00 -.. 1.00 ... 1.00 ... 1.00 .. 1.00 ... 1.00 ... 1.00 .. 1.00 ... 1.00 ... 1.00 . 1.00 ... 1.00 ... 1.00 ... .50 ... 1.00 ... .50 ... 1.00 ... .25 ... .50 ... .50 Elizabeth Bridewell Mrs. H. H. Stewart Charles Reyncrson C. C. Spragins Mrs. Ralph Routon Capitol Hotel Frank's Fruit Store McRae Hdwe Co Kroger Gro. Co Hobbs Billy B. Herndon Rufe Herndon ._...„ L. F. Higgnson '. T. T. Mimms L. Hollamon : McDowell Store P. J. Drake Southern Cafe B. R. Hamm Ed McCorkle Wade Evan.s Young Chevrolet Co Cole's Grocery Thomas Kinser Dudley's Store L..M. Lile J. C. Penney Co „ E. P. Stewart 0. K. Barber Shop Dr. A. C. Kolb M System Store Plunkett Jarrell Employes Charles Eichoff James P. Henry J. L. Richmond David Griffin James M, Case .50 .50 1.00 .50 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 l.OC .50 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 3.00 .50 1.00 .50 .50 .50 Communists Join French Strikers; Force Government Red Bloc in Chamber Votes Support for "Sit- Downers" CABINET MAY FALL "Popular Front" Rule of Chautemps Is Facing a Showdown PARIS, France— (If)— The rumblings of political crises grew louder in slriko-harrassed France Friday after the Communist bloc in the Chamber of Deputies voted moral support to the strikers. , As an increasingly-serious wave o: "slay-in" strikes showed no signs o abatement over Christmas, the action of the Communists threatened to force a political showdown for tho Popular Front government of Camille Chaulemps. 'Q No Star on Christmas Day; Office Is Closed No Star will be published on Saturday, Christmas day, the newspaper suspending publication for three holidays a year: Fourth of July, Thanksgiving and Christmas. Both Friday's and Saturday's features are being carried in today's edition. Publication will be resumed with the city edition Monday afternoon, Tuesday morning on the mail. The newspaper office and practically all other business places in the city will be closed all day Saturday—and to all its territory The Star expresses this wish for a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year. Total $160.78 nictlimllst Program Student Recognition Day will be observed Sunday night at 7:30 o'clock by First Methodist church, to honor iu> young people who are home from col- lego and university for the holidays. The following program will be given: Organ Prelude—Mrs. John Wellborn. Hymn No. 558—"Wo Offer Our Youth" Meaning of Student Recognition Day—Horace Jewell. Scripture and Prayer--Cl. B. Martin. Anthem—The Choir. Offertory organ solo—Luther Hulla- nion, Jr. Talk—"As I See a University" -Lc- nora Routon. Clarinet S'olu—Marjuriu Lee Threl- kcld. Talk, "The Church and a State School"- -Hurry ik'gnur. Trombone Solo—Jack McCabc'. Talk, "College and Religion" Willis Garrett Smith. Talk, "Hendrix—Our Methodist College"—Mary Delia Carrigan. Pastor's Message—"The Mural Obligations of Educated People." Hymn No. 278—"Load On O King Eternal." Benediction and Doxulogy. The following young men will act as ushers: Robert Linakcr, Albert Jewell. David Waddle, James McLarty, Jimmie Harbin and Jack Witt. The membership ami general public are cordially nivitcd lu this special .service. Gospel Tabernacle There will bu no services next Sun(Continued on Page Six) $2 From California A $2 contribution t" tho Red Cross fund was received Friday from A. G. Shepperson of Hollywood. Calif. Mr. thepperson, a former Washington man, sent the donation to Mayor A. P. Doloney of Washington. Mr. Doloney turned the contribution over to Wayne H. England, county chairman. Plead Defeat of •> War Referendum Allowing People to Vote Would Embolden Arrogant Japanese WASHINGTON.—(/P)—Some administration leaders are hoping the Ludlow war referendum test in the House next session will strengthen President Roosevelt's hand in the Far East situation. These hopes depend on efforts to induce signers of a petition, which is forcing the referendum proposal to the house floor, to vote against it when the showdown comes. There are hints that progress in this direction has been made. The question to be decided by the house is whether to submit to the states a constiutional amendment requiring a favorable vote of the people before the United States could declare war. except in event of invasion. Former Governor Landon's message to President Roosevelt .endorsing the president's firm "no" to the referendum idea, was seized upon by administration men to back up their argument that decisive defeat of the proposal is callc dfor by the critical situation in the Far East. Chairman Pittman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee termed the action of petition signers a "thoughtless" one. House leaders have given the White House assurances from the first that the Ludlow proposition could not muster the two-th mirdsajority necessary for its approval. In the senate, where only a third of the members will be up for re-election next year, leaders appear equally confident they could stop the measure if it got through the other chamber. The stress being placed by the While House on defeat of the proposal indi- I cales apprehension that a close vote I might impair diplomatic cfforls lo reach a satisfactory settlement with Japan regarding the Panay and related incidents in China. The increasing drive for a smashing house defeat of the amendment is aimed at giving a demonstration to the world of national unity on basic foreign policy. Governor Landon's message was wel- ci:me especially to the administration on thai account. Hope was expressed by some Roosevelt supporters that former President Hoover might see fit to indicate opposition to the war referen- emlum idea. There was no suggestion that Mr. Hoover had been heard from, but publication of the Roosevclt-Lan- don correspondence and the president's disclosure that he had received a similar communication from Col. Frank Knox, Landon's 1936 running mate, was regarded widely as exerting pressure on the former president to disclose Ins view. Raid Moonshiners Fourteen allons of Liquor Tawen in Recent Raids in Hope Fourteen gallons of moonshine liquor will not be consumed in Hope during the Christmas holidays—because of recent raids by the Hope police department, assisted by Deputy Revenue Agent Allen- Shipp. Police Chief John W. Ridgdill said Friday that moonshine liquor taken in the raids ranged from half pints to a five-gallon jug of "White Mule." The liquor is stored in the police office, Arkansas Bank & Trust Co., building. It will be poured "in the gutter" after it is used as evidence against those held in the raids, which are mostly negro offenders, Mr. Ridgdill said. Six Persons Perish as Log Cabin Burns Small House Had Been Decorated for This Christmas Winter Sports Included in College Curriculum ASHLAND. Ohio—(/Pi—Ashland college students now can enjoy winter sports and have them count as credit toward graduation. The plan was devised by Professor George H. Donges, director of physical education, in the belief that luck of training has been responsible for many accidents in hunting, fishing, skating. :kiing im<l hiking. CONNELLSVILLE, Pa.— i/I'i -Six persons perished Wcdncsrlhay a.s a 100-year-old log cabin, decorated for Christmas, went up in flames 12 miles from here. William Yothers, 7!), and bi.s sister, Annie, 70, burned lo death inside the cabin where they were born. Three young nieces and nephews, Wilmcd D. Crow, age nine; Jean Crow, 12, and Annabellc Crow, 10, were trapped in the same room with their nun! and uncle, Another nephew, Mclvin Crow. II, snatched from the fiery deathtrap by his father, died later at Connollsvillc- state hospital. The father, Frank Crow, 4, r >, and a slop-son, Donald Snyder, 16, were taken to the hopitasl, badly burned. Donald broke out a second story window, and, clutching his two-year- old step-brother, Alfred Crow, escaped to safety down a ladder the father had thrown up against a second-story window. 'Mrs. {Catherine Crow, 40, (he mother, fleil to safety down'the same ladder. From a hospital bed, Crow said he had attempted to light a fire with kcroscno which exploded, spraying him and (lie room with the flaming liquid. Boom In Shark Meat MELBOURNE, Australia. '.-Vi- Shopkeepers reported they couUl sell all available shark meat at 12 cents a pound. They said housewives had been won over to the new fi.ixlstuff, which tales much like cod. ami haa few bones. Nation Gripped by Strikes PARIS, France.-^—"Stay-in" strikers occupied 13 food warehouses in Paris Thursday night in a wave o' labor troubles which presented the government of Premier Camille Chautemps with an acute political problem. Opponents of the government demanded that it make good its pledge to compel the strikers to leave occupied factories and other buildings. Authorities said it would be difficult to replenish food and other merchandise stocks in the Paris area unless the strikes were settled quickly. Drivers of newspaper and magizine delivery trucks voted to strike and occupy their garages. Drivers of three department stores were ready to join them. T\yo steel works, two national- hsed-.airjji'ane pfeiTts and one motor 'factory were occupied by workers in sympathy with strikes at the Goodrich factory, where 2,000 workers remained in the plant, surrounded by Mobile Guards. Workers occupied the Gaumont movie studio. Employes of the government cable factory stopped work for several hours, demanding that extra employes be added to lighten work. Communists and many Socialists have sided with the workers, calling upon Chautemps to refuse to use force to clear factories. Leaders of metal and chemical unions told the premier Ihey would order strikes in 700 factories if the Goodrich plants were forcibly vacated. Employers generally were refusing to negotiate with em- ployes until the plants were emptied. 400 Rebels Face Capture in Spain Garrison Cut Off in Government-Captured City of Terruel TERRUEL, Spain—(/P)—A semi-circle of victorious steel blocked Generalissimo Franco Franco's forces Friday from scorring a band of 400 insurgents apparently doomed by the conquest of this strategic provincial capital. The beleaguered 400 kept up a drumfire with machine-guns and rifles— rapidly consuming what was believed to be a scant ammunition supply. Responsibility Is Taken for Sinking of Gunboat Panay Japanese Declares Planes' Commanders Have Been Punished TAKE ANOTHER CITY Hangshow, Rich Seaport South of Shanghai, Is Captured ~ TOKLO, Japan— (IP)— The Japanese government Friday acknowledged full responsibility for the sinking of the United States gunboat Panay by Japanese planes, said the flying squadron commander and "all others responsible" had been punished, and assured the American government that "definite and specific steps" had been taken to prevent a recurrence. Foreign Minister Koko Hirota personally handed the note to United States Ambassador Joseph C. Grew after its approval by the cabinet and sanction by Emperor Hirohito. The text was not published in Japan. It answered the American respre- sentations after the bombing of the Panay and three Standard Oil company vessels in the Yangtze river above Nanking December 12. Hirota did not make clear how the responsible bombers were punished except that they were dealt with "according to law." Baby Buggy Speeding Costs Couple $2.00 COPENHAGEN, Denmark.—(/P)—For the first lime in Denmark—and perhaps in the world—a husband and wife have been fined for speeding with a baby carriage. They linked junior's buggy to their bicycle sand made good progress until a police patrol stopped them for traveling at 12 miles an hour, more than the law allows for a baby carriage. Two days later the parents had to pay a ?2 fine. MIND Your MANNERS Test your knowledge of correct social usage by answering the following questions, then checking against the authoritative answers below: 1. When a young man leaves a pirl he has just met should he say "I'm glad to have met you, Miss Smith?" 2. If lie- does say that, how .should a girl answer him? 3. Is it better lo .say "How do you do?" <u "Huw do you do, Mrs. Johnson?" •I. How .should A Thought His heart was as great m- the world, but there was no room m it to hold the memory of a wrung. Emerson. you introduce your father to a woman? S. If a young child is in a room with grown-up strangers should he be introduced? What would you do if— You arc a young man double- ch.tniH and you offer cigarettes i,i' Light your girl's cigarette fir.st wherever she is in the room? tbi Light first the cigarette of the girl nearest you? (c). Light first the cigarette of the other girl? Answers 1. It is courteous. 2. "Thank you." 3. Either way, though repeating the name my help you to remember it. •). "Airs. Jones, this is my father"; or "Mary, this is my father"; "Mrs. Jones. Dad." 5. Yt-s, though very informally. "Tl:U is Billy, Uncle Ton- " Best "What Would You Uo" .solution ib>. Heavy Property Damage in China Six-Month Invasion by Jap -Troops Leaves Destruction SHANGHAI, China—(/P)—Nearly six months of apanese invasion have cost China at least 750,000,000 United States dollars in physical property damage, Millions have shared this loss, in shattered homes, destroyed factories, ruined crops. This item is easiest to reckon in the sum of China's staggering losses, perhaps one of the laest important. It takes no account of the thousands of nonco'mbatants killed, or the dislocation of industry and trade, meaning unemployment and starvation for more scores of thousands, or the loss of territory. Moreover, it does not include the scores of millions of dollars lost by Americans, British and other foreigners in the fighting at Shanghai, nor the nearly $100,000,000 loss to Japanese interests in destruction of mills and other properties. A large proportion of the damage was done by China's own soldiers, who at Shanghai and in their retreat up the Yangtze valley, followed a policy ol "scorched land, broken tile" seeking to leave nothing of use to the invader. Shanghai's Losses The Bureau of Social Affairs ol Greater Shanghai, in its final survey- it fled in November—said that 70 per cent of the 1,500 native industrial plants in the Hongkew and Yangtzepoo districts of the International Settlement had been destroyed. All the 3,000 factories, large and small, of the Chapei district of Shanghai are gone. Their assessed value was more than $110,000,000. What Japanese shells and bombs did not level was fired by retreating Chinese soldiers. Nantao, the last Shanghai district to fall, lost more than half of its 2.27C factories. Pootiuig saved about 50C of its 1,000 plants. Of the 3,070 Chinese- owned factories remaining, about half are in foreign-governed areas untouched by hostilities. In the opinion of foreign observers, Japan is now in a position to rebuild the city's industrial system along its own lines. Damage in and around Nanking has been difficult to estimate because Japanese military control has prevented foreigners from investigating. I_cores of villages near there were burned by the Chinese. 'GatorVpo7i*Barrel Ruined by Federal Men JACKSONVILLE, 'Via.—W)—A scaly old alligator in n Florida swamp south of here has a score to settle with investigators of the Federal Alcohol Tax Unit. The nine-foot saurian was living like a lord on fat young hogs tipsy from bootleg still mash until the tax men wrecked his meal ticket. The investigators saw the cagy reptile slide into the water while they were demolisuig the still. Nearby were remains of several half-grown hogs. The still wreckers said it was obvious the alligator had been lying around the moonshine plant for an easy living. Hogs, they explained, frequent bootlegging stills and as soon as a young porker guzzled enough liquor mash to get tipsy and wandered to the water edge, it was an easy mark for Old Mr. Gator. Hangchow Captured SHANGHAI, China-<fl>)-The Japanese announced that Hangchow, rich Chinese seaport and capital of Che- kiang province 100 miles south of Shanghai, was captured Friday by troops simultaneously entering all the city's gates. The fall of the .city, to, the invaders who have overrun thousands of square miles of territory came as United States authorities made strong representations to the Japanese over a reported insult to the American flag at Wuhu December 13. Japs to Meet AH Points TOKIO, Japan— (/P)— High officers o£ the Japanese army and navy Thursday night conferred with the American ambassador in last-minute efforts to prepare a reply that would meet the United States' demands for full amends for the sinking of the gunboat Panay. It was indicated the reply, probably in two sections, would be presented Friday and Saturday and that it would meet all points of the American representations on the smking of the vessel on the Yangtze river December 12 by Japanese warplanes. The conference with Ambassador Joseph C. Grew, at the American embassy, was described as cordial. Participants were said to believe prospects bright for a final settlement of the American-Japanese crisis over the sinking. Prospects for acceptance of the American demands were considered improved by the Japanese army admission, for the first time, that Japanese machine guns fired in the direction of Americans fleeing from the Panay. The statement, made by Colonel Nishi, did not mention American charges that Japanese surface craft also machine gunned the Panay itself. Informed persons expressed confidence that the Japanese replies to Washington would contain adequate guarantees against recurrence of such incidents. Colonel Nishi, a former military attache of Japan's Washington embassy, said that actions of Japanese army units had been actuated by humanitarian motives, that American wounded had been tended by Japanese and Americans had expressed their gratitude. New Note on Flag SHANGHAI, China — (IP) — United States Consul General Clarence E. Gauss made strong representation to Japanese authorities Friday over a reported insult to the American flag by Japanese soldiers at Wuhu, 60 miles up the Yangtze from Nanking. He also requested a complete investigation of the incident which allegedly occurred December 13, the day after Japanese bombs sank the United States gunboat Panay, when Japanese soldiers were completing their occupation of the river port. Reports received here said Japanese soldiers seized a boat owned by the American missionary-operated General hospital there, pulled down the American flag and threw it in the river. When members of the hospital staff rescued the flag and brought the matter to the attention of the Japanese commander at Wuhu he was reported to have expressed his regrets. There were reports that widespread disorder prevailed when Japanese troops captured the city, apanese authorities at Shanghai said new army units had been sent to replace those troops which bore the brunt of the actual fighting for Wuhu. They expressed confidence that peace and order had been restored. Th«y said (Continued on Page Six).

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