Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on November 19, 1935 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Hope, Arkansas
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Tuesday, November 19, 1935
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-• P>"-v H":j , •j"' ^ Peace Harti hw Vldorlis, t&W WHrfWHed thirt \ViilM-Mll ton. »*»«,*•*»*«»* VOLUME HOPE, ARKANSAS, TUfi^AY, NOVEMBER 19,1935 of Hofco lft«9 T ! i*r<*s, 1027; jflftjigff ,J|. AM-, PRICE SELASSIE FLIES TO BATTL pHere and There • . Yfl Jll. .» ~J —.1 m^u. ' A • ^*_ Y1* TfT 1 M **••*• Mft «• MMMBMBHMMHM Editorial By AM». H. WASHBURJT H ERE is a new slant on our progress away from the panic. It is a pamphlet entitled "A Market That Knows No Depression" and is published by one of the paper houses that supplies The Star. It is a study of two men—one in his middle 40's, the other just turned 26. It reminds us of the swift flight of Time. The words follow: f) The older mnn . . . .is one of the Debt Adjustment Committee Chosen for Hempstead Co. Five Men Chosen as Arbitrators in Voluntary Adjustment Plan HEAR BOTH SIDES Old U. ^Italian Pact Bars Sanction, Officials Believe 64-Year-Old Document Requires Year's Notice Before Termination County Committee Ready to Receive Requests From Pressed Debtors ... fflf ^^P Setup of permanent machinery for farm debt adjustment in this county was completed Tuesday with the selection of a county debt adjustment committee to act as arbitrator between distressed farmers and their creditors in preventing unnecessary mortgage foreclosure or allaying undue edbt pressure. The committee, named by Dr. M. F. Dickcnson, of Little Rock, chairman o{ the State Agricultural Advisory Board, is as follows: Hempstead County— J. Mark Jackson, Nashville Rt. 6. S. W. Lane, Nashville Rt. 6. Roy Anderson, Hope. E. M. Osborn, Hope. Hntlcy White, Hope. To Fay Expenses ij .Fast success of volurjtai.,^ ^^ „„ db'b't' adjustment commiltecs""wbrking under the'State Agricultural Advisory Board prompted the Resettlement Administration to assume administrative responsibility for nnd strengthen the work. Committees have heretofore served without remuneration for either time or travel expense. In the future, however, the Resettlement Administration will reimburse members for actual "out of pockets' 'expenses while engaged in debt adjustment work. The Regional Debt Adjustment Unit of the Resettlement Administration, headed by A. L. Gablcr of Little Rock, is working closely with the State Agricultural Advisory Board in farm debt adjustment work in Arkansas. Field men have been assigned in Arkansas, Mississippi and Louisiana who will do contact and investigation work in the field. The county committees will be called together twice a month to staudy cases proposed for settlement, heai both sides of the problems and arrange harmonious settlements where possible. Sit as Arbitrators "The county debt adjustment committees and field men find themselves in the unique position of the lawyer who is representing both sides of a lawsuit," said Mr. Gablcr in ox- plaining the- work. "We are representing the Interests of both the creditor and debtor and are trying to work out a sensible .solution to the- problem that will be more profitable to nil concerned." ^ "We have found that in n surprising Pnumber of such cases al Ithat is necessary for a sensible adjustment is to bring the debtor and creditor together _ before a group of impartial citizens ' and reason the problem out together." Mr. Gablcr pointed out that debt! J " istmenf work cannot be expected i •elicve pressure in cases that arc i elcssly involved and beyond solu- . However, many farmers who arc ! survivors of the holocaust of 1929. He has no illusions regarding this survival. Ho feels that he was lucky rather than smart. He took only n mild beating In the market. He knows that many men of at least equal ability lost all their holdings. ... He gets a mild case of the jitters when he osks himself what he would have done under •similar circumstances.. He feels nire that he has learned a lesson. No more reckless or indecent s-pcnding for him. . . . The fact is that experience has taught this man little. It has merely shaken his confidence in himself. He has n plan for the future. It can be epitomized in a few words: Defer action as long as possible The background of this young man is, of course, quite different from that of the old man. He was seven when this country entered the World war. He has no firsthand knowledge of war profits, nor of the easy-money days of the war aftermath. . . . The actual viewpoint of this young man • is difficult to ffrasp, but quite important to understand. . . . His starting point is the worst years of the depression. He is acutely conscious of each slight upswing over that level. And each slight swing upward feeds his optimism. . . . The group that Is swayed by the contrasts between today and '29 is numerically strong, but the years are changing that. Six have passed since the first crash of August, '29. And each of these years has seen the injection of several hundred thousand young men into business •—young men to whom depression years are normal years' and to whom each improvement in business, however slight, spells new opportunities. . . . This market knows no depression. U.D.C. Convention Opens on Tuesday Mrs. C. S. Lowthorp, State President, Attends National Meeting HOT SPRINGS, Ark.-(/P)—Presidents of the 23 state divisions of the United Daughters of the Confederacy met in executive session Monday with the president-general, Mrs. W. E. Mas- soy of Hot Springs, and other national officers in review of the year's work in advance of opening of the organization's 42d annual meeting here Tuesday. After a state presidents' dinner, they joined scores of delegates who arrived during the day .in a reception tendered by the Arkansas division at which Mrs. Masscy and Mrs. C, S. Lowthorp of Hope, Ark., state president, headed the receiving line. Turkey Production Off; Prices Higher 15 Million Turks for This Thanksgiving—18 :! /, Million in 1933 (Continued on page three) FLAPPER FANNY SAYS.- HCO. U. B. PAT. OFF. . ... WASHTNGTO-N.- (,'»>) -Thanksgiv- 'accd with immediate foreclosure and I '"S Day's ancient concomitant—th(: turkey—is falter, for the annual na- tinal sacrifice, than last year, but his numbers are sharply smaller. Government estimates put turkey production for this year at about 15,000,000. against 17,250.000 for last year and 18,740,000 for 1933. Notwithstanding these melancholy statistics, the agriculture department offers encouragement that there'll be enough of both white and dark meat to go around. Namely, I hat gobblers and hens waiting for the 1935 ax, average considerably heavier than they did last year. The rcaosn is that in 1934 the drouth, with its shortage of feds, compelled farmers to market some pretty skinny specimens, neither so mature nor so rounded as might have been wished. Where Production Slipped The sharpest production decrease this year was reported for the leading producing area, the south centeral states, where numbers are down, says the department, about 25 per cent, due principally to a short crop in Texas. In the cast north central states the redue- | lion is put at 9 per cent; in the west I north central states at 11 per cent; in I the far western states about 5 per cent. | The north Atlantic division about held its own; and only the south Atlantic division stands out with an incrcii.se. and that is little enough—about 2 pel- cent. Tha two bisiicsl producing states. Texas and North Dakota, are esti- A SECRET CHAMBER Louisiana Purchase Treaty One of Protocol Room Documents By HERBERT PLUMMER Arsoclatcd Press Correspondent WASHINGTON—Resurrection of a G4-ycar-old treaty at the state department, which might have important bearing on whether the United States legally could, if it desired, embargo raw materials to Italy, has focused attention on a small, dusty chamber of which few in Washington have been aware. Officially designated as the proto col room, it is the repository for copies of treaties concluded between this and other countries since the foundation of the American republic. These few yellowing pages of parchment, comprising a treaty of commerce and navigation between the United States and Italy, contain a provision that the treaty shall remain in force one year from the day notice of intention to terminate is given by one cf the contracting parties. Neither the Uited Stales nor Italy as yet has given such notice. It is only one of the priceless documents to be found in this sequestered nook at the state department. Documents Guarded The state department watches over these precious treaties with the great- eft, care. No one except research students ever are admitted to the protocol room, and these only after they have satisfied the custodians they arc qualified and previously have'.examined all printed material on the treaty they wish to study. The documents are fragile. The diplomatic history of America is contained in them. There is, for example, the Louisiana Purchase treaty, signed by Napoleon Bonapart, on parchment enclosed between heavy purple velvet covers. It is scaled by a cord of silk passing through the pages and imbedded nt the other end in scaling .wax. "The whole treaty rests in a circular box of gold which weighs more than one pound. There is the treaty signed by Queen Victoria shortly after the Civil war, sealed in similar fashion. It, too, is enclosed in a silver box about twice the size of the French one in gold. The original manuscripts containing ratification of the Constitution are there with their priceless signatures. May Be Moved A treaty with 12 Indian tribes signed by George Washington in 1776 is deposited there, as Well as thu formal request of the King of Burma in 1830 tor a treaty with the United Sates because he feared the growing power of Great Britain. One of the most interesting is the treaty signed with the Ottoman empire in 1830. It stands three feet high and two feet wide. The text starts far below the center in order that apace j might be left for Allah to insert anything he pleased. Eventually these historic documents may be removed from state department to the magnificent new archives building on Pennsylvania avenue, where more adequate and safer space has been provided. However, because many of them are yet being used for Remember the Picture of the Wounded Fawn? He's a Buck Now—But Crippled Photo Touching Hearts of Animal Lovers Has Sequel Camera Recounts Grim: Result of an Unknown , Hunter's Carelessness TWO YEARS LATER (Continued on page three) U's hard to square things wheu you sol mixed ii]> in a triangle. Billions Divided, One Quarter Spent Virtually All of 4 Billions for Recovery Campaign Is Allocated WASHINGTON— (/!')— The Treasury rc-porlod Monday night that virtually all the $4,000,000,000 work relief fund has been allocated, but only a quarter spent. The department inserted a new sheet of figures in a routine financial statement which showed $3,700,874,289 allocated by the president on which Treasury warrants have been ap- ;' proved; another ?219.733,866 allocated j but awaiting warrant approval and j $39.391.845 unallocated. The figures were as of October 31. Payments on the basis of .'checks issued," through that date were only $1.100.641.160. Secretary Morgenlhau told a press conference the new figures would be available monthly hereafter in the Treasury condition statement. They will cover the close of the previous month's business. fContinni'd nn page thrcnl Thirty thousand letters are mailed from London to Africa via airmail each week. India receives 50,000 from that source during the same period. From All Over America! Sportsmen Wrote in Asking About Wounded Deer » Two years ago, readers saw in this newspaper a picture which touched more hearts than any photograph which had appeared in years. It depicted a wounded fawn beside its dead mother—an eloquent sermon against the thoughtless cruelly inflicted by careless hunters. / The picture—reprinted upper right just as it appeared two years ago, with the heading and outlines which accompanied it—struck so deeply into human pity and resentment that it drew a deluge of comment from readers of this newspaper and of other newspapers throughout the United States and Canada to whom the picture was furnished by NEA Service, Inc. Sportsmen, conservationists, friends of animals everywhere directed attention to the picture for the moral it carried. It was reprinted widely. Newspapers were flooded with requests for copies of the photo. Hunters secretly .vowed they:, would not. be the cause'of such a scene—they would look for the'-antlers before they shot! And now comes the picture's sequel, the photograph, at the right below, of the wounded fawn—George, he's called—now grown to a 2'^-year-old five- point buck, his head lifted proudly, but his left hing leg permanently crippled by the blast from the unknown hunter with the itching trigger-finger. Mother Shot Down; The story of the fawn's injury and of kind-hearted conservation men's care in nursing the orphan to maturity runs like this: Two years ago, George was a tiny fawn, soft and spotted, and little larger than a collie dog. He was ambling through the snow-covered pine woods near West Branch, Mich., with his mother, a fine, sleek doe who had always taken good care of her baby. Without warning, there came a sudden loud crashing sound, and George's mother staggered, fell to her knees, and collapsed in the snow. Her big eyes, still wide open as she lay there motionless, saw nothing. She was dead. George couldn't run away. A heavy slug from the hunter's gun had struck him at the joint of the left hind leg. All he could do was drag himself near to his mother's still-warm body and lie there, dumbly suffering. George was too young to know about hunters and rifles. He could not understand that some hunter, ignoring the law and every rule of the woods, had shot his mother, never looking for the antlers that would have marked his target as a buck, and hence legitimate prey. Ashamed, frightened, or merely callous? Which of these was the hunter who sneaked away, leaving George by his dead mother's side to starve, or to freeze to death, or be eaten by .some other prowling beast? Rescued by Ranger Death was hovering very close above George when a state conservation ranger came along. He snapped the now-famous photograph, then took George away to safety and nursed him slowly back to life and health. But George couldn't run and soar ever fences and creeks like other deer. His left hind leg was pitifully twisted and drawn up by the injury inflicted by the hunter's bullet. lielcarned" to get about somehow, not with the effortless grace of the other deer, but on three legs, dragging the useless and shattered fourth leg. Within the Ogeinaw Game Refuge, he was safe. The conservation men and the regular hunters learned to know the crippled buck which came down to the feeding grounds morning • and evening for corn and ginger- j snaps. Elaine Brunna, game-keeper, and his wife made something of a special pet of George. i George Is Safeguarded • Of eourfc, George can't read the j signs that mark out the limit of the j garni, refuge. He formed the habit,; with other dear, of ranging off the ; reservation and going to Clear Lake to ; beg food from cottagers. i That would probably be fatal now. | di'ring the hunting season, for Go-n'sje, : wi'h his lame leg, wouldn't stand even i the chance that other deer have against hunters. So Brannan captured ; George at the beginning of the hunting ! (Continued on p?ge three) : Because a Deer Hunter Failed to Look for Antlers A scone (if wild litu tragedy that, tears at, the Wartstrjngs is this—-a doc cold in death,'-her fawn starving beside tier, victims of man's unthinking cruelty'.- A deer hunter, 'intent only on prey, ignored I lie rulo of tin; woods, never to shoot before looking for antlers. Ho killed the doc and;left the fawn, struck in one hind leg by a boavy slug, to starve or fall victim to a prowling beast. • A conservation photographer ciimu upon the scene, near West. Branch, Mich., rescued the fawn, and it'is being nursed back no health. ' , : ^^^ . . . ti*. ,• •, Today--the Crippled /Buck North China Is to Proclaim Freedom Chinese War Lord Throw; in' With the XJenerals .'"' of Japaii ''-• .";•'". TOKYO, Japan— (Copyright.Associ- ated Press)—Japanese sources indicat ed Tuesday that the proposed autonomous state of North . China woult operate under Japcnese control following its "declaration of independence," which is expected before the end of the week. The Nanking correspondent of the Rengo (Japanese) -News Agency reported that Generalissimo Chiang Ka Shek, leader of the Chinese nationa government, had decided to approve the projected autonomous confederation of five provinces of North China Final Home Game Scheduled Friday V Beebe Badgers to Close Season on Hope Gridiron -Bobcats Take Holiday The Hope High School football team, undisputed champions of District 10, looked ahead Tuesday tc the final home game of thu season—to be played Friday night against the Beebc High School Badgers. Couch Foy Hanunons announced j that the game has been designated as j a homecoming affair. A queen will be j selected to reign over the festivities, j The Bobcats enjoyed a holiday Mon- j day, practice being suspended. The squad was feted to a dinner Monday night by Mrs. J. W. Turner in appreciation of the splendid record made by the team this season. The dining room at the Turner boarding house was decorated in Bobcat colors. A squad of 18 players, Coaches Fey Hammons and Jimmy. Jones, the Bobcat mascot and undent manager enjoyed the dinner. Ther>; were m speeches which adcU'd to the ; enjoyment. - — —«• amr- I Legion Meeting to Be Held on Thur$dayj The regular meeting of the Hemp- : s'tead county post of the American Le- | 30. of Kearney, Nobr. ?ion will be held at 8 p. m. Thursday in the private dining room of the Checkered Cafe. A large attendance is urged. Winona Green Is Returned to Pen Murder Furlough Revoked Following Her Arrest " on .Forged Check LITTLE ROCK— (IP)— Acting Governor Lee Cazort revoked Tuesday an indefinite furlough granted about five years ago to Mrs, H. F. Jones, the former Winona Green, and ordered her returned to prison where she faces a life -sentence for the 1925 slaying of Robert Green, her father-in-law. Cazorl's action followed her arrest here Monday night for investigation in connection with an alleged attempt to cash a forged check. 3 Killed inPlane Crash in Nebraska "Join Rather Than Fight" PEIPING, China—(/P)—Chinese officials said Tuesday they are carrying but a program of autonomy for North China only to save that area from Japanese aggression. Only One of Trio Is Identified Afer Smash in Cornfield GOTHENBURGH, Ncbr.-i/P.'—Throe persons were killed near hen.- Monday night when an airplane crashed in a cornfield, it was learned Tues- lc |) 1 of October Exports of Cotton Show Gain Recovers Losses Shown by August and September Against Last Year Exports of American cotton show a gain of 119,000 running bales in October 1935 over the same month in 1934 with the outlook that exports should be somewhat greater for this season than last according to an announcement of the Agricultural Adjustment Administration just received by Frank R. Stanley, county agent. The seasonal exports tabulated a gain of 62,000 bales, indicating that August and September exports were running behind the same two months of last year. Exports in October 1934 were 592,000 bales; in 1935, 711,000 bales. W. B. Camp, Assistant Director, Division of Cotton, in explaining reasons for the increase and also in pointing out difficulties in the channels of exporting cotton, said: "This increase in exports is due in some degree to the change in the U. S. cotton loan policy which has made E larger percentage of American cotton available to World trade. On November 1, but 33,193 bales had gone into the 10-cent loan. The change in loan policy also has brought the price of American cotton more nearly in line with the prices of all foreign cotton. "Another factor entering into the increase of exports of American cotton was the depiction last year of the foreign supply of American cotton; more was consumed from stocks than was purchased. "While there are many reasons why foreign countries have not been ti king their normal quantity of American cotton, one of the main diffieulties has been in the matter of obtaining foreign exchange. This was particularly true of Germany and to some ex- Emperor Goes Front to Cothmal n Leaves Addis Twin-Motored Pla^f Secret Landin WAR-BIRDJTST& — — — — . .r Italian Planes KilL2,0( Mussolini's Son-in-l Shot Down - / . , . ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia.-r ( right Associated t*ett)-3htaitei£ Selassie left Addis Ababa ' airplane for ah unannounced lion. ,J, The emperor traveled ifl ' motored plane, escorted by two sjj er planes. , . .In a last interview before gdingf join his armies on the battle fr Tuesday he told the Associated "The effect of the sanctions invok Monday against Italy can not be^o decisive character." s •*, •• •/ *Vj. of '' By the Associated Press., , t The application of sanctions 'againsti Italy by 51 nations of the world accordance with the, League of , tions' action, was the signal for an Italian aerial attack on Ethiopian forces on the northern' froM which fliers said resulted > in' 2,000^ deaths among native warriors, A squadron' of 20 airplanes, Mussolini's son-in-law, Count Galeazzo,' Cjano, engaged in a pitched battle vni Haile Sealassie's army just sout! Makale. The Ethiopians turned anti-airc fire on the machine-gun -and, attack from overhead, and succeeded | in bringing, down Count Ciano's plane:';; He escaped unhurt. ;»y f Italy Warns U. S> , ROME, Italy— (fp)— An the s United States can-u expect-*: special consideration from Italy if ,t former adopts further restrictive'?? measures in pursuit of her neutrality.? policy. / The Italian spokesman said couldn't state what specific measures | Italy would take should the Wash-,E ington government place an embargoes on oil or other commodities which $L have not yet- been restricted froml^C shipment to Italy. ' "'' Italians Close in * ' MAKALE, Ethiopia—(#>)—Two fast, moving Italian columns began-an at-' tempt Monday to use a "scissors" ac- - tion on the wily Ras Seyoum, com- , mander of Ethiopia's Northern army, and to disperse his followers. , ' Ras Seyoum was reported sounding, mobilization drums to gather his men, estimated now at between 20,000 and',, 30,000. Among those in pursuit of the form* er governor of Tigre province is a native Ethiopian called Estoclu, which is' the popular equivalent in this country of "tough guy." Because of his hatred of Ras Seyoum this village leader came to the Italian lines and asked only a chance to fight his foe. Scouts said Ras Seyoum had simulated retreat, but in reality was still lurking in the Tembien region and might yet fight the Italians before they reach Amba Alagi. "•'" Columns IViarchine Two columns with mounted artillery from Makale and Hauzien starred marching to the east into the Ternbien region. Gen. Emilio de Bono, who at the age of 70, directed Italian forces in their campaign of conquest, surrendered his command Monday and left tor Rome. The white-bearded little general placed Gen, Melchiade Gabba, his chief of staff, in charge. De Bono, upon orders of Premier Mussolini, (Continued on page three) Bulletins WASHINGTON.- (IV) -Word reached the capital Tuesday that friends of Senator Borah will cuter his iH'me in a number of next year's presidential primaries uu* less they get a positive "no" from the Idaho Republican. WASHINGTON.— W J ) -Senator Guffcy, Pcnmylvuniu Democrat, forecast Tuesday that if his coal control law is upheld by the supreme court the .same kind of leg- i.'lrtiou would be applied to a number of other industries, par- Uculnrly those involving natural resources. Pokmd. day. One cf the dead was Veine Morton, I "Of the monetary gold supply of S21,924,000,000 in the world, appro.xi- His companions were not immediately identified, although one was believed to be a Kansas (" and the other an lowan. lieved to be a Kansas City oil man. I. mutely $9.368.000,000 is held in the United States. This makes it difficult for foreign countries to pay with for American cotton. England, (Continued on page three) HOT SPRINGS. Ark.— (A>\— A^ liff Draper, 20. ti")k the wi<ne» s ta«d Tuc.sjuy In his own defense to deny any knowledge of the slay- in;c of Tome Meustr, aged recluse, last March near Percy. The state is asking the death penalty. WASHINGTON.—(/P(—S|zrctary Ickes put into effect Tuesday an Inctta.eil 25 per cent differential in favor of domes lie inateiiaLs or 1'WA projects.

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