Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on December 17, 1937 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

Hope, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Friday, December 17, 1937
Page 1
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Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex. PI Washburn Read or Listen— Ride or Walk ? T ITE ludicrous lengths to which our Washin^on "business men" are tfoiittf in their phuis to have government leach private citizens how lo make money is revealed in today's dispatch tolling about a House of Representatives proposal to regulate the selling of automobiles. Healers don't make any money selling cars, says Oon- jm'.ssrrwn Withro\v, Wisconsin I'rogressivc. They actually lose money on sales—but make it up on parts and repairs, continues the worthy congressman. 1 suppose, therefore, the Knvernmont is going to get out a series of instructions on "How to Make Money in the Automobile I'.lisiness." Our hunch is that the scries will ((iino ill four part.s: The firsl-qunrler installment. The secniifl-f|ii;irler insUillincnt. Tin; third-quarter in.sUilhncnl. The fourth-quarter instullmcnl. December 15lh having just passed, your newspaper has completed (lip fourth-quarter installment for I!l.'i7 -and wiuulors what's ahead for IMS. There'll !M> plenty ahead, then and for nil the years to conic, if the Washington ixilitirinns don't (|iiit trying to manage cveryhody i-lse's business except tlic fiovi-ni- incnt's. fin- which they were clect- ed, for whicli Uiey are responsible mid whicli i.s running in the red M> badly thiit private business puts a question mark after its own profits, never knowing til whal, moment a desperate national government will turn crooked and rtib private capital either with worthless- dollars or with svar-time taxes. We're all in it together Whatever the newspaper i.s "stuck." you pay for. either as a subscriber or advertiser. Ytm might get along without any current news except the pap fed the dear public by federal speakers over the radio, but it would he really too had if the government got into the automobile business -for we'd lie back on our Babs Button Quits , S. Citizenship; May Escape Tax No Restriction Put on Exporting 1 of Capital From America CHILD IS INVOLVED Countess Becomes a Dane to Avoid Dual "Nationality" NKW YORK i/ly-Renunciation of her American citi/enslnp hy Countess Haugwitx vmi Kcventlow. heiress to the Woolworth millions, set tax nu- thoriiic.s (o wondering Friday whether she will escape heavy taxation in this country. Morn.-: Grrenbauiii. director of the i Labor Audit Bureau, (minted out that the United Stales places no restrictions on Ihe cxpiul < f American capital. Now in her second day at eca returning In her husband and child in London, the countess, 27. appeared before a federal court judge Wednesday to renounce "nhsolutfly and entirely" her allegiance to the land of her birth ] because, a stale by her lawyers .said. I "her dual nationality has rc.sulted in j various legal complications affecting' her status, as well as thai of her child." Becomes n Dane NEW YORK.—(/I 'I -Countess Barbara Haugwilz-Reventlow. who as plain "Bnb's'V Hutton inherited some $20,000,000 of Ihe great fortune founded by F. W. Wtxjlworlh. the ft-and-10-ceiit Store man, has renounced her American citizenship to become u subject of Denmark. . Announcement of her action was made lute Thursday by the law firm of White & Ctj«e. , '' -^The*"coimtess.-"'2T;' 1 *Wa'S" trmrfidH in May, ISKJj, in Reno to Danish Count Court Hmigsvit/.-Rcvenlliiw. They have one child, a son. Lance born in February. 1'JjG. Through hi r marriage, a statement I of the law fuin said, the countess he-j came a Danish citi/en under Danish law. allhi'iigh under American law she < retained her Amnican citi/enship. "Her dual nationality," the stalc- mcnl '•aid, "has resulted in various! legal i-omp!ic.-ili<iii>- affecting her status a.s will as that, of her child, and she has finally felt obliged, a.s in the case of a number of other American women .similarly Mluiiti-d, to forego her United State., cilr/.enslnp. Car Dealers Lose Money on Sales Congress Hears Their IYo-j fit Lies in Parts and ; Repairs : WASlllNCi'Hi'N. i/l'i A House Interstate (.'iimnificc .Sulicommiltec re-' ceiveil lestiinoiny Thursday that many (automobile dealers lose money on Iheir motor car business. Kctward Pay (on, Cleveland management lawyei . submitted figures to show that di.ileis nnisl make up I hew ' losi-h ami ucl then prufil from Iheii parts anil M-IVICC o|iei alions. He was testifying foi a resolution by, Hepi,-s,'iil.,live' Wlllni'-.v U'riig, Wis.' whicli wi.ulil lined Ihe Federal Trade CmiimiM'ion lo invir-ligatr (lislnhution . [folnic. 1 . of aiiloinolnle manufacturers ami selling policies of dealers as they; "affect Ihe public interiv.l." | A srirvi? "f Ill-l dealers who sold' SH.S'.ll law and !l7.r>U7 used cars m lllliri. Paylou .-,anl. showeii the net profit on aiew cais v, a.-. 5>K-l.7li per $1,000 of new cur sales and the nc't los.s on used cars '( wa.s SUM -i feet sure enough, then. 6 Drown as Tiber River Bits Rome Thousands Man Levees to Protect Italy's Chief City ROME. Italy-I/!')--nrownings increased to six Friday a.s thousands of workers, augumenled by troops, fought to prevent flood waters of the Tiber river from deluging central Rome. The .swollen torrenl reached a record slage of 55 feel 7 inches at noon and still rising. It was the greatest rise in 61 years., j. Two Escape From Alcatraz Island But Prison Authorities D o u b t T h e y Live d Through Long- Swim SAN FRANCISCO. Calif. — </P\ — Heavy shore palroLs and fedcr.il police boats searched the waters of San Francisco bay Friday for two desperate criminals who escaped from Alcalray. island's "escape-proof" federal peni- Icntiary under cover of a den.se fog 'Ihursday night. Officials cxpecled to find Iheir bodie.s. Hope Star WEATHER. Arkansas — Partly cloudy, liyht rain northeast, colder Friday night; Saturday fair, colder extreme east portion. VOLUME 39—NUMBER 56 HOPE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 17, 1937 PRICE 5c COPY RUSSIAN Churches to Begin Christmas Season Here This Sunday Special Music Arranged by Hope Choirs for December 19 SPECIAL PROGRAMS The net lo:..-, of SHi.71 mi sales wa.s made.' up and a nut profit of $20.12 realised whi/n parts anil service .sale.s were taken into account. 1'ayton s.ml '.12 per cent of all new car Nilcs in vole a trade-in. o uses Christmas Seals GREE .POSTMAN l ^' \^ ' ? ^ 1937 Two (iet Away SAN FRANCISVO.- i/lV-Two long term convicts vanished Thursday from supposedly esca|>e-proof Alcatray. island federal penitentiary, apparently slaking their lives on an attempt to .swim a mile and a fjuarlcr to shore through cold, fog-shrouded waters. .No prisoner ever has been known lo escape from Ihe dreary San Francisco Buy island by swimming, although trained distance swimmers, accompanied by boats, have crossed the rough, tide-swept channel in tests. Warden James A. Johnston, completing a search of the grounds at (i p. m. said he believed the men wen "off the island." Federal, stale and city officers mo- bili/ed quickly to hunt for the pair, Ralph Roe, 2!l, Duncan, Okla., and Theodore Cole, 2ii, Slrciud, Okla.. on the theory they had reached the bay fj-om Ihe rocky pri.son site, but hours afterward no trace of them had been found. The two were mis-sing at the noon checkup, and officials expressed be lief they ha dcscaped over a stockade and climbed down to the shores of the 12-acre island, where the federal government keeps its most dangerous convicts. Various officials expressed doubt the pair conlil reach Ihe mainland without Ihe aid of boat or raft, but never- llicless a strong police patrol was posted along the San Francisco shore. So dense wa.s a low-lying fog that coast guard and police boats were teriuufl.v hampered in searching for the men. one serving Oil years for hank robbery, (he olher M jrais for kid- naping. -*»»*Mrs. Mattie E. Langley Dies at Prescott Home rRESCOrr. Mrs. Maine K. Langley. 67. wife of a former United Stales .-•tloiney for the Western District of Arkansas, died al her home near here Thursday. She also i.s survived by a son. Clainle Langlcy of St. Louis. Burial will be at Moscom cemetery near here Friday afternoon. MORE WEEK TO SHOP Deer Is Killed on Red River by Local Hunter A three-point buck was killed Wednesday near Clipper on the Miller county side of Red river by C. E. Boyce. who lives seven miles north of Hope on the Columbus highway. Mr. Boyce was one of a party of six hunters, but his was the only deer seen on Ihe trip. Others in the parly were: J. W. Strickland, Frank Gilbert, Gus Gilbert, Lloyd Gilbert and L. K. Boyce. Announcements Made for First Methodist, First Baptist Churches Several Hope churches will present annual Christmas programs at morning and evening services Sunday. Special musical numbers have been arranged. At First Methodist church the annual White Christmas program will be presented al 7::i() p. in. Sunday, Ihc Rev. Fred R. Harrison, pastor, announced. The high |>oint of the evening program will be the presentation of gifts. Al olher churches familiar Christmas carols have been arranged on musical |irof/ram.s. First MctlK/ilist Program The following program will be presented Sunday night: Or^an l-relude—Mrs. John W. Wellborn. "O Little Town of Belhlchem"—The Choir. Scripture—Lawrence Martin. "This I.s Christ the King"—The Choir Story, "Why the Chimes Ring"— Pansy Wimberly. Solo. "We Would See Jesus"—Evelyn Murph. I'resenlation of the gifts: Nursery and Beginners Department —Joan Dunkum and Nanette Williams. Primary. Department — Barbara LaGrone. Junior Department, Special trio— Freddie Patlen, K. B. Ward, Jr., and Glenn Williams, in "We Three Kings of Orient." Intermediate—Young People. Jctl B. Graves Bible Class. Young Business Mcn'.s Class. ' Mrs. D. B. Thompson's Class. Mrs. J. H. Arnold's Class. O. A. Graves' Bible Class. Hymn No. 89, "Joy lo Ihe World"- Congrcgalion. Prayer of consecration and benediction--Rev. Fred R. Harrison. This program, while differeing from the strictly rlramalic type presented the past several years, will be very interesting and worthwhile. The high point will be the prc.senlation of Ihe gifts, which will be used in the distribution of baskets next week. All members of the church school are requested lo bring their gifts, wrapped in white, to church Sunday morning. Church members who do nol attend church school arc asked to bring their gifts to the morning church service. These gifts may consist of foodstuffs or cash. The different class and departments have been assigned arliclcs to be brought. At the morning service, special music will be given by the choir under the direction of Mrs. John W. Wellborn, choir director and organist. The pastor will preach on Ihe subject, "The Chrislmas Journey." , A cordial invitation is extended the membership and the general public to attend these Christinas worship services. First ISiiplist Program The Sunday evening service at the hirst liaplist church will be devoted to the singing of a Christmas Canlata, "'Ine Music of Christmas," under the iliivclion of Mrs. F. L. Padgett. The seivicc opens al 7:30 and continues for about, an hour. The pastor will bring a ten minute message in connection with the Cantata. The music is built around a number of tin 1 familiar Christinas carols, The program will be as follows: Prologue by Ihe choir, "Along The Olden Christmas Road." "Oh. Come All Ye Faithful," by the congregation. Scripture reading by the pastor. Offertory. "Holy Night" Choir. "He Shall Feed His Flock" (Tenor Kiilu, Mr. Claude Taylor, Alto Obli- galo hiilo. Mrs. A. C. Kolb and choiri. "Come, Thou Loiig-Expecled Jesus" (Bass G'bligalo Solo, Paul Philhrick und choir. I "O Little Town of Bethlehem" (Women's Two-part Chorus and Choir). "(iood Tidings" (Soprana Solo. Frances Siiyder, Women's Two-part Chorus 'Continued on Page Three I No Danger Seen as Squall Bits Dixie Rain Expected to Clear Up Friday Afternoon or Night NEW ORLEANS— (/P)—G. E. Dunn, Weather Bureau forecaster here, said Friday Arkansas, Mississippi and Tennessee need not be alarmed over a disturbance reported in south Arkansas. "It i.s an ordinary winter disturbance," he said, "attended hy widespread rain and local squalls, and should clear up Friday afternoon or nigh I." 1'he advice issued Friday morning said a southern Arkansas dislurbance of "considerable inlensity" was moving northeastward. A Thought In judging of others a man labor- etVi in vain, often erreth. and easily sinneth; but in judging and examining himself he always laboreth fruitfully. -Thomas a Kempis. 1. Who i.s Speaker of the House of Representatives'.' Whom did he succeed? 2. What is tile width of a stai.J- an! guagc railway'.' .i Print i.-.s n ensure type by 1 ,iints. Do you know h..w man., points there are in an inch? •!. Who was the first chief justice of Ihe Uniled Elates? 5. Who was Charle.s Blondin? Annvcrs (in Classified l'"se Stolen Goods Are Traced to Prison Shakeup at Tucker Farm Follows Discovery of Brazen "Deal'' LITTLE ROCK—Cigarelles, chewing tobacco and other commodities, stolen recently from freight depots qt Batesville/ Independence county, and recovered in commissaries of the state prison system led to the arrest of two former convicts and the demotion- of two life-term trusties at the Cummins stale farm, Supl. Al H. Reed announced Thursday. Reed said Ihe brazen plol between the trusties and former prisoners was discovered almost at its beginning. The ex-convicts held in the Pulaski county jail here are Samuel Harold Litton, 34, who has served six term.? in the Arkansas penitentiary, and Lewis Miles Davis, 31. Trusties involved in the transactions were: Walter Nelson, 40, and Marvin Kidwell, 34. The latter two are convicted murderers. Nelson was sentenced to Garland county and Kidwell in Izard county. Both were received in 1931. Reed admitled he was astounded when he found that stock in the commissary at Camp No. 7 operated by Nelson was part of the lool stolen in the Bale-svillc burglary. The gang had jusl slarlcd opera- lions, Reed said, and apparently haj planned to enlarge operations. The first intimation that officials al Ihe farm had that something was wrong came when a watchful warden, Shelly Walls, in charge of Camp No. 8 noticed Litton, released from the farm only last month, was loitering frequently around a depot in Varner, two miles from the prison farm. The di- pol i.s used by the farm a.s a warc- iiou.se for freight and express packages. A truck from the farm makes a daily trip lo it. Times Improve in One's Own Town C. C. Spragins Compares Old Days in Hope, in Rotary Address Looking down the long slrelch of years, times are better here in Hope, C. C. Spragins, cashier of Citizens National bank, told Hope Rotary club Friday noon at Hotel Barlow. When he came to this city, Mr Spragins recalled, life had certain definite drawbacks: 1. A city of unpaved streets lived in a cloud of dust by summer and a sea of mud by winter, dnce'the cili- y.ens tried to remedy the matter of mud by throwing loads of brick in the street—but in a few years the brick had sunk deep into the soft soil. 2. Mr. Spagins' first connection here was with a store. "From February (•• September ho .saw pruclically no cash There wasn't enough cash income during tho cotton-planting season to bolh- er going lo a bank with—we just bare ly had enough to meet incidental expenses, until Ihe crop was harvesleci . . . But nowadays it isn't unusual for Ihe county to gel half a million dollaj s from melons und other truck crops between cotton-planting and cotlon harvesting." 3. Today the city has paved streets and state and county all-weather roads make travel possible where yesterday it was impossible. J. T. Shipman, of BartlesviUe, Okla.. former superintendent of Hope schools, also spoke. Another gue.st was E. R. Kolb of Dallas. Texas. Schools of Hope Close Friday for Holidays, to Jam 3 Classrooms Close With Programs and Exchange of Gifts T E ACHERS LEAVIN G Many of Faculty Members to Spend Christmas at Own Homes Tlit Hope Public Schools closed Friday for Ihe holiday vacation which will extend to January 3. The various schools have celebrated the season with programs and exchange of gifts. Each room in each building has vied with each olher in the clecoralions which has increased the Christmas spirit more than usual. Several classes in the high school have prepared baskets for those families Who are less fortunate than they. The out-of-lown teachers who will spend their holidays elsewhere are: Miss Haltic Richardson, principal of Oglesby, who will go to her home in Warren; Miss Mildred McCance, of the high school faculty, will leave Saturday for her home in Brinkley; Mr. and Mrs. Galbraith will spend the time with their parents in Henderson, Tenn.; Mr. Pilkinton will commute between Hope and Washington; Mrs. Irma Dean leaves early Saturday to spend the vacation with her daughter, Gwendolyn in Memphis; Miss Lula Garland will be at her home in Emmet; Miss Frances McMillan goes to her home in Arkadelphia. Thomas Cannon, band director, will go from Hope to Dewitt to a'ttend a duck dinner given for him by friends. Ho directed the high school band there before coming to Hope. He and his twin brother, Randolph, will then Sp^aChrtkmas*with their'parents at Grady, Ark. Mistrial Again for EdJDonald Pulaski Prosecutor Will Make New Effort to Convict Him LITTLE ROCK.—The second trial of former Secretary of State Ed F. McDonald for false pretense in connection with the purchase of janitor supplies for the capitol, ended in a mistrial late Thursday afternoon, when a jury in first division circuit court reported to Judge McGehee that it was hopelessly deadlocked. The jury received the case at 4 p. m. Wednesday and had deliberated 12 hours. Foreman Asa Woolfolk told the court the jurors were divided "fifty-fifty." He said he did not believe that further deliberation would result in a verdict. Each joror affirmed the foreman's opinion when the judge polled the jury. "In that case gentlemen," the judge said, "I don't want to punish you any further by keeping you here longer. I see no reason for further deliberation, if you are convinced that you cannot agree. I declare a mistrial. Prosecuting Attorney Fred A. Donham said Thursday night he would try McDonald again "as son as the court will let me set the case for trial." He did not designate on which indictment he would seek a new trial but said the slate's evidence could be used on any one of the 10 indicetments against McDonald. The Pulaski grand jury indicted McDonald December 8, 19H6 on four charges of accepting bribes and in January, 1937, on six charges of false pretense, all in connection with purchases of janitor supplies. Sam Robinson, chief defense lawyer, said after the mistrial had been entered, that "every resource of the state has been used in this trial and Mr. McDonald has not been proved guilty." McDonald issued no statement. Law Puts Ireland Back on the Map DOUBLW. Ireland- (/P;-Iri.sh map makers for the second time in IB years are junking their existing stocks and remaking the map of Ireland. I Before December 29, aill maps of | the island must be labeled "Ireland" i instead of "Irish Free State," to coni- | ply with the official change recently i ordered. I The previous change was in 1921 1 when "Ireland" ceased to exist and i became the "Irish Free State," under ; virtually independent rule. and 1 "Northern Ireland," under British control. i British officials, it is reported, are ! contemplating designating Northern I Ireland as Ulster to avoid confusion. Here's Real 'Heavyweight' Champ 'The transmission of weather information by radioteletypewriter has been developed to a point where reliability equal to that obtained with land wire installations has been :\\- lained. They grow 'em mighty husky in the Kentucky mountains, but topping all records is "little" 6-month-old Lambert Ballard Alsip, above. He weighs 40 pounds—more than most 3-year-olds—and gains three pounds a month without benefit of nursing bottles or cod liver oil. His parents, Mr. and Mrs. Estill Alsip, are both 18, and live in an unpainted two-room cabin in Whitley county, Ky. Wallowing in rolls of fat, Lambert wears a dour expression. Maybe he's brooding over future reducing diets. Nipponese Protest Holding of Japs Without a Trial Sharp Note to Moscow Soviet Chiefs Demands 'Responsible' Answer U. S. OPEN INQUIRY* Panay Machine - Gunned, Though Japs Deny Knowing About It TOKYO, Japan-(/P)-The Japanese foreign office Friday formally charged the Soviet Union with acting in a manner "utterly unthinkable in any civilized country" in connection with the arrests of Japanese in Russia. The foreign office protested to the Societ embassy, citing what Japan called numerous cases in which Soviet authorities had arrested Japanese and held them without trial. The memorandum accompanying the protest said Japan wished a "responsible" answer. Republicans' Tax Move Is Blocked A d ministration H ousing Bill Is Given Right- of-Way WASHINGTON-OT-Dcfeat of a Republican substitute for the undis- tributcd corporate profits tax by a house subcommittee Friday was coincident with action by the house rules commitlee giving righl-of-way lo the administration's housing bill. AFL Hits Wage-Hour Bill WASHINGTON—OT—New demands by the American Federation of Labor that the administration's wage-hour bill be sent back to a house committee forced the measure's backers to redouble their efforts Thursday. William Green, president of the A. F. of L., telegraphed his views to every house member. The A. F. of L. objects particularly to a provision giving an administrative agency wide discretion to fix minimum wages and maximum hours. Legislators reported thai officials of the federation were busy presenting their objections by telephone, and some expressed the opinion that the labor leaders were making headway. The A. F:of L. failed Wednesday night to get the House to substitute a federation bill for the administration measure. The House rejected a second proposed substitute, saw a third ruled out on a point of order and then look up Ihe bill for amendment. A vote appeared imminent on a major question: Whether the labor standards should be administered by a five-man independent board as proposed by Hit stnate or by a one- man administrator in the labor department, as urged by the house labor committee. Representative Terry (Dem., Ark.) assailed the bill as a hindrance to budget balancing during debate on the measure. He urged the house to recommit the measure to the labor committee. "Tlie bill provides for creation of an- olher bureau here in Washington with ramifying branches reaching into every nook and cranny of Ihe country," Terry said. "It will mean Ihe hiring of thousands of additional government employes whose salaries will constitute an ever- increasing burden on the shoulders of the citizens who are compelled U> obtain their lis'ing from the fruits of industry." Collegians Ruin Health, Says Chicago Dean CHICAGO. - <A>,.-. College student don't live right, says Aaron J. Brumbaugh, acling dean of the college of the University of Chicago. "One of the important things all college students need to learn." he says, "is conservation of physical energy. "There >'eems to be a general pride these days in physical exhaustion, in neglecliiv; principles of diet, in disregarding the need for regular exercise and in ignorring remedial practices essenlial lo Ihe correction of minor physical handicaps, such as posture." School Per Capita Payment Is $1.25 Hempstead's Share of December Disbursement Is $13,299 -- LITTLE ROCK —{/FH- Education Commissioner W. E. Phipps said Friday vouchers would be mailed to county treasurers next week for a common school apportionment of 51.25 per capita for December. Based on an enumeration of 621,465, the apportionment amounted to ?776,301.25. Apportionment by counties included: Arkansas $9,351.25; Clark ?10,3G2.50; Hot Springs ?7,317.50; Hempstead $13,- 29D.84; Ouachita ?12,945; Pope 511,003.70; Union ?20,681.25;e White 516,169.87. Cotton Purchase Proposal Beaten Opponents C o n t e n d It Wo.uld Help Speculators, Not Farmers WASHINGTON— (A 1 )— The senate rejected, 39-26, Thuj-sday night a proposal thai Iho government buy 6,000,000 bales of cotlon in an effort to raise cotlon prices. The proposal was offered by Senator "Colton Ed" Smith (Dem., S. C.), who contended his purchase plan was intended to "lifl ihe huge surplus" of the market before new crop control legislation could become effective. He urged an amendment to the farm bill to authorize Ihe purchase. Majority Leader Barklev of Kentucky indicated by quf'ions thai he believed many persons who already had purchased cotton from fanrers at low prices would profit, at govein- menl expense, if Iho purchase were ordered. Cotton NEW ORLEANS.—t/P)—January cotton opened Friday at 8.29 and closed at 8.26 bid. &pot cotton closed sleady 3 points lower, middling 8.35. MANNERS Test your knowledge of correct social usage by answering the following questions, then checking against the authoritative answers below: 1. Who is the first person to kiss the bride after the ceremony is performed? 2. Is any guest privileged to kiss the bride? 3. Uoc£ one properly congratulate a bride? 4. Is. il good m:iii]ic>.s fur wedding guests to throw rice. 5. Should wedding gifts be sent before or after the ueddiny;? What would jou do if— You arc a bride receiving your wedding guesls (u) Thank each t;uesl for his gift? Ibj Make a geneial remark about the beauty of your gifts? Ic) Don't mention gifts? Answers 1. The gruum. jf course. 2. Thai is the custom. o. No. Congratulate the groom and wish the bride happiness. 4. Yes. It is an old superstition that has never been .discarded. 5. Before, if possible. Best "What Would You Do" solution—(a) if you have a good enough memory. (Copyright, 19:i7. NF.A Service. Inc.i By the Associated Press At Shanghai Friday a United States naval board of inquiry boarded the gunboat Kahu to interview the survivors of the gunboat Panay, bombed and sunk near Nanking by Japanese planes. Survivors said the gunboat was machine-gunned both by planes and motorboat military detachments. This was flatly denied at Tokyo, but the Department of State in Washington prepared supplemental representations to Japan based .upon this development. His caital at Nanking fallen, China's generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek broadcast an appeal from his inland refuge for his people to continue their fight. ,A widening front developed north, of Nanking. • The Japanese'made formal entry in Nanking, "China Won't Surrender" SHANGHAI, China. — (/P) — Japan's army and navy commanders Thursday prepared for a triumphal entry into China's fallen capital, Nanking, while Gen. Chiang Kai-Shek, somewhere in the interior, broadcast this message to the Chinese Cation: "We . must not surrender." "Appraising the probable outcome of hostilities," he continued, "we are convinced that the present situation is afyorable to China. The basis of China's fture success in prolonged resistance is not found in Nanking nor big cities, but in villages all over China and in the fixed determination of the people. "Since the beginning of hostilities Chinese army casualties on all fronts have exceeded 300,000. The loss of civilian life and property is beyond computation. Such huge sacrifices in resisting foreign aggression are unprecedented in Ihe history of China. "My position and responsibility do not admit of exasion of duty. As long as I live I shall pursue to the utmost of my ability China's determination to resist the aggressors and secure the ultimate victory for China. "To capuiulale is to court sure national disaster. No matter how the in- tcrnational silualion lurns we must do our utmost and not depend on others. "The time must come when Japan's military strength will be exhausted, thus giving China the ultimate victory." Japanese Enter Nanking General Malsui, commander of all Japanese land forces in Central China, and Vice Admiral Kiyoshi Hasegawa, commanding all naval forces in China waters, arranged to enter Nanking in. (Continued on Page Three) If your lamp goes out Christmas morning, according to a Middle European superstition, you will see spirits. And if you bum elder on Christmas Eve, witches will be revealed. S

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