Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor — Alex. H Washburn — The People Are Wise— What People ? I HOPE nothing this column over said on the subject of war has led anyone to believe we think the way to keep out of war is to let the people vote on it. Yet such a bill—authorizing the congress to submit to the states a constitutional amendment requiring a popular referendum before war could be declared—is now before the Mouse of Representatives. The chap that wrote that bill is an insufferable ass. Me isn't oven honest in his political dishonesty—or he would have come right out with a bill to abolish congress and the presidency. Then we could have run the country by simply reading "the returns" on a bulletin board in front of The Star office and all the other newspaper officers of the land, as the people voted on peace and war, the price of haircuts, or how many petticoats a woman shall wear on a summer Sunday afternoon. Are the people really all-wise? Or is it simply this: That the people have grown old and fat and lazy, and arc corrupted by idle public flatterers who try to tell them thai this generation of common men is so wise it doesn't need the restraining influence of representative government, with a congress and president, chosen at least in part because they are supposed to have given some study and thought to the problems of the nation and the world? I know, of course, the Japanese-Guided State Established for North China Elderly Chinese Statesmen Put in Charge at Peiping PLEDGE 'OPEN DOOR' Jap Planes Drop Leaflets Urging Support of New Government PE1PING. Chinn.—f/Pi~A provisional government, composed of elderly Chinese statesmen and formed with tile co-operation of the Japanese, was proclaimed here Tuesday for the Chinese republic. It was inaugurated at ceremonies in the former presidential palace over which floated the old five- barred flag of national China. The proclamation said Che mission of the provisional government was to restore n democratic regime and to purge the country of the Kuomintang (National People's Party) "dictatorship," which is bVarrted tor current hostilities. It promised to observe all of China's foreign obligations. It also declared the older men would step out I}) favor of younjtw offieUJs. :,,C*}r !h? country and its political nffairs were put in order. Three Ministers Named Three ministries were filled and it was announced a president would be chosen later. Bearded Tang Gcn-llo. GO, native of Clicking, Japanese University graduate, one-time head of the National Medical College here and former finance minister in the Anfu government, was chosen political minister. Wang Keh-Min. one-eyed former minister of finance in the Anfu govern- menl, was named adminislrativc minister, and Tung Kang made minister of justice. Kxplains Regime Tang Gen-llo explained Ihe provisional government was formed on a revolutionary basis due to ".situations and exigencies." He said it sought the co-operation of the whole world except the Communists; that it would not close China's "open door' and that it considered it.self Ihe government for the whole of China where the Kuomin- tang forces have been pushed back. He said the government had de facto Jiipoiie.sc rccognlion and that it hoped to obtain world-wide recognition. Attending the ceremonies were Gen. Seiichi Kita, Japanese military attache in China and generally regarded as the father of the new government; and Counsellor Goro Morishima of the Japanese embassy here. During the morning Japanese planes dropped leaflets on this city announcing the fall of Nanking and urging Chinese lo .support the new regime. Shorter Season Is Needed for Deer Ci a m e Commission Says Hunters Urge Return to Split Season LITTLK HOCK-l/l')- Secretary D. N. Graves of the Slate Game & Fish Commi.ssion said Wednesday, on the close of the I'.Ki? season, thai Ihe mem- IH.TS of the commission thought a shorter hunling season wuul.l be necessary lo prolerl Arkansas deer. Graves said many hunters agreed with the commission, and wanted a shorter split, season to he held in November. The present .season runs from December 1 to If), inclusive. Tin. British royal stage coach used at the coronation and other ceremonies was completed in 17G1. Everybody's Problem Tuberculosis Is no respecter ot persons. It hits rich wan, poor man, beggar m|n, thief, and is still the leading causo of death tor young men, and women between 15 aud 45. Christmas Seals help to meet everybody's problem. newspapers and the magazines are partly to blame for (lint proposal lo have the people vote directly on war. Kver since the world's first printed r/ftfie appeared, men have been pointing to the folly of war, discussing its causes, and speculating as to whether it might nol be avoided. But this is all speculation. There is no conclusion—no final truth. If the world had an answer for war, it would also have an answer for poverty, drunkenness, insanity, and the lust of private men—for wl.at lhe.se ills nre to individual men. war is lo the collective groups of men called "Millions." *'* * The only certain fact we know about war is, that as the world has gathered more knowledge and learning, one nation about another, and has applied this information through responsible governments, the common people of the earth have had more peace and less war. Dictators, responsible only lo themselves and nol to their people, are viewed with distrust by a war- weary world—and we so view nations like Italy, Germany i Japan and Russia. Democracies, whose representative governments are elected by, and arc responsible to, the people, are usually desirous of peace—nations like Great Britain, Fiance, and our own. But into no such scheme ot ex- ."•Etencc can be fitted^ this .wild notion 'Hint'-tlie people themselves can • run H government, without the competent advisors and administrators : of a representative democracy. The common people arc not international statesmen. They are not industrialists. They are nol banker. 1 :. They are not historians. . . . They are fathers and mothers, wage-earners and private citizens, closely held by the job at hand, with precious little time to investigate abstract international questions—leaving that to the men they have elected, and who arc made responsible by constitutional law. Our representatives are not always wise. But it doesnt follow that the people will do a better job alone. As a mailer of fad, the history of Ihe decay and col'lapsc ol republics tells as they certainly wouldn't. Pictures of Holy Land Wednesday Rev. W, R. Hamilton Also Lecture at First Baptist Church Hope Star WEATHER. Arkansas — Mostly cloudy Wednesday nitjhl and Thursday, with occasional rams; not much change in temperature. VOLUME 39—NUMBER 54 HOPE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 15,1937 PRICE ' FINN -tr Former Gov» Donaghey Dies at Age of_81 Capitol Building Erected Under His Rule as Governor Donaghey Greatest Contractor and Philanthropist of State WORKER'S GOSPEL Holy Land picture.'; connected with the birth and life of Jc.sus will he "Rejected Stone Often Is Best"—I (l unei'al 3 p. m. Thursday LITTLF, nOCK-l/l')—Former Governor George Washington Domighey, SI. died at his home here ill 4:30 a. m. Wednesday of heart disease and complications. His .survivors include his widow, three nephews ;iml one niece. His bndy will remain at the home Wednesday night, and Thursday noon will he taken to the stale capitol where it will lie in state two hours. The funeral will he held at 3 o'clock Thursday afternoon from First Methodist church, with burial in Rosclawn cemetery. The capitol will he closed at noon Thursday for a period of official mourning. House Leadership Pledges Test on Wage-Hour Bill « Bankhead Declares Measure Won't Go Back to Committee FILIBUSTER LOOMS Committee Considers Bill Providing Popular Vote on War WASHINGTON—(/P)—House leaders expressed confidence Wednesday that they could defea^ an impending move to send the wage'and hour bill back to committee for revamping. Speaker Bankhead said he was sure the leadership would prevail, and announced his intention to hold nigh! sessions, if necessary, to complete action on the measure this week. Dallying tactics kept the house from considering amendments to the bill. The house judiciary committee call;- cd off hearings on a measure requiring a national referendum before any war could be declared. In the senate. Majority Leader Barkley was considering whether to order Donashcy came to greatness along | a mccting Wednesday night to con- familiar paths, from a humble pioneer's homestead, clown a highway (if industry and initiative to the places of public preferment. On the western slope of life, having put aside politics to devote himself to private business and philanthropy, he became known as one of the best- loved of the state's public figures. Built Stole CnpHol Success was "his in many endeavors, as governor (1909-13), banker, capitalist, builder and contractor, but when he looked hack over his more than 80 years he took chief pride in his supervision of completion of the two-and- a - quarter - million - dollar Arkansas state capitol. As governor, he reorganized the .stale house construction program, then in progress many years, launched the capitol completion program as head of the fourth state house commission, saw the job finished in 1!)17, when the fourth commission dissolved. In 1937, he wrote and published the took "Building a Stale Capitol" in which he related in delail "Eighteen years of labor in behalf of the capitol project, from 1H99 to 1917." Contractor by profession, he used the words of a contractor at his 1909 inauguration to loll somcthnig of his philosophy: "In my past life of work," he said, "My practice has been to do the things I had to do with whatever I had |r> do them with. By personal experience, 1 have often found the rejected stone the best material. Of my own knowledge, I know that he who conlinually quarrels wilh his tools is a poor workman. "1 have seen men with sense and energy literally move mountains, all these things came to me in a practical way; and having seen what efficiency can accomplish in industrial and business affairs, 1 am now prepared to believe that even so important a work as statecraft is only an intensely practical matter." Horn Near SliiU 1 Line Donaijhcy was a native of Louisiana shown ill the regular midweek service of First Baptist church Wednesday night at 7:45. The Rev. W. H. Hamil- , ton, pastor of the church, will lecture ! hut claimed close kinship wilh native as over 25 scenes of Bethlehem and ; Arkansans because his birthplace was Judea are flashed on the screen. [just South of the Arkansas line, the little town of Oakland. Union parish, Louisiana. He was born July 1, 18S6, Ihe eldest child of Elizabeth Ingram screen. Among Ihe pictures lo be shown are those of the "Church of the Nalivily" (Ihe oldest Christian church building in the world) which was erected in y& A. D. on te site of the stable-manger in which Jesus was born. '.Excavations of an ancient city near Bethlehem will also be shown. The public is invited to this meeting. There will Ix. 1 no admission charge or collection, all expense of the meeting and pictures being cared for by the church and pastor. - ^^^ £ 41^— Negro Arrested Here on Charge of Theft Vcss Scott, negro, 30, was arrested Wednesday by Deputy Sheriff Reginald Bcardcii on a charge of stealing clothes and a chicken, the property of Mrs. Carl Fuller who lives six miles south of Hope on the Lcwisville highway. The clothes, valued at about $10, were recovered at the home of the negro. He is held in jail to await a hearing in municipal court next Monday. Full of Prunes BERKELEY, Calif — l/fi — Because California holds 95 per cent of the world's dried prune crop this year, the Prune Prorate program has been set up to distribute them. The organization will give special attention to encouraging exports and diverting some of the crop into relief channels. Donaghey of Shelby county, Tenn., and Christopher Columbus Donaghey, of Marion, Ala., who had come west with other pioneers to settle the .still undeveloped country beyond the Mississippi. '1 lie war between the slates, in which his father fought under the Confederate flag, served to eliminate educational opportunities for young Don- :ighey and after the war, work came first on Ihe Donaghey farm. At. the age of 15, he had had less than six months of schooling. In his 'teens, he decided to become •JL cowboy, went to Texas, worked on a ranch for $12.!)0 a month. Later he rejoined* his parents and with them moved to Union county, Arkansas, :md .subsequently to Faulkner county. Ihcre, he engaged in farming until a severe illness seriously impaired his health. Again he went lo Texas to ride the plains and regain .strength, returning to Conway in 1879, this lime to establish a permanent residence. He turned to carpentering, mastered that trade and studied mechanics. Part-time study had been his habit ever many 'years, but he was still irked by lack of education. So he laid aside his tools and went to Fayetteville, entered Ihe university and there puisued his studies although he did not complete work to graduation. He was then "equipped, however, to become a!-rural school' teacher in Faulk- (Conlinued on Page Three) tinue debate on the farm bill. "On the Line" at the Brake-Testing Depot in the City of Hope's Auto Inspection Station Would Vote on War WASHINGTON—(/P)—The house decided Tuesday upon early consideration of a constitutional amendment requiring the government to obtain approval of the people in a referendum before declaring war. . Theisignatures of 10 members completed the necessary 218 required to take the proposal away from the House Rules and Judiciary Committees. The latter had been considering it intermittently for more than a year. House rules require that seven legislative clays elapse before, under this procedure, floor consideration of a measure can begin. In this case the earliest date of debate would be December 27 when congress probably will not be in session. The next opportunity would be about the second week in January. Representative Lucllow (Dem., Ind.), who proposed the amendment, predicted it would pass, although a two-tihrds vote is required. If both houses pass it must be approved by three- fourths of the states to become law. The petition to discharge the committees from further consideration of Ludlow's resolution had only 175 signatures when the special session of congress began. The last of today's signers was Representative White tRep., Ohio). The move caught house leaders unawares. Just before the last name was added to the petition, one of them described Ludlow's proposal as 'the biggest piece of asininity I've ever heard of." They sought to in- luce some members to withdraw their names but they were too late. Five names were withdrawn but as many more quickly were added. The petition was directed nt the Rules Committee, which usually grants legislative right-of-way to major legislation. Authorities on House procedure said it had the effect of taking the resolution from the Judiciary Committee as well, because it provided for the beginning of general debate. The judiciary Committee has taken no action on the resolution. Jim Marshall, oi Collier's, Says ., SheSankflghting' Jap Planes "So Low They Must Have Resognte- ed Flag" FIGHTING ON LAND Japs Drive Steadily Ahead Into Interior Beyond Nanking SHANGHAI, China-</F)-Jim Marshall, Collier's magazine 'Far Eastern correspondent, a survivor of the Pansy bombing, said Wednesday the^Panay opened fire on the attacking Japanese planes when the bombs started dropping, "and kepi her guns blazing until the last minute." "The Japanese 'planes .dropped 12 bombs around the Panay and . the Standard Oil vessels," the writer related. "They came so low it impos-< sible for them not to know the Panay was a foreign ship." *" The Japanese embassy said 27 foreigners — including 18 Americans— who Were within the walls of Nanking when Japanese troops stormed the Chinese capital city, were all reported safe in a message from Nanking. , There were no foreign diploma tic officials remaining in Nanking, ac^ cording to Japanese information," "-'' Sketchy reports from .the wat 1 front indicated, hard fighting was in "progress beyond Nanking when the Jap- „- anese army, driving steadily into the interior, .was combatting the Chinese $oh^ai,rjew.,. defense line' -established* approximately five miles northwest of the 'fallfen capital city. -«:, Recreation Site to Open at Park City Loans Use of New Exhibit Hall—Opening December 20 -® —Photo by Hope Star This picture shows a "run" on the brake-testing machine at the City of Hope's new auto testing station in the old exhibit hall at the Fail; grounds. Watching the dial which records the pressure applied by the car's brakes, is Louie Riffc, station manager. Standing at the next car behind arc Mayor Albert Graves, left, and Policeman F, B. Ward, right. Just behind the mayor is City Attorney VV. S. Atkins, also chairman of the Stale Police Commission. M'Donald Trial Approaches Jury Fraud Charge Case Expected to Reach Jury Late Wednesday LITTLE HOCK —(/I 1 )— The seconu trial of former Secretary of State Ed McDonald on fraud charges in connection with purchases of state capitol janitor supplies, was expected to reach the jury late Wednesday. Conference Meeting at M. E. Church Wednesday The Rev. J. D. Baker, presiding cider of the Prescott district, will conduct the devotional service and hold the first quarterly conference at T:30 o'clock Wednesday night at First Methodist church. All the stewards are requested to be present for this service. All members of the church arc invited to Ui>;> meeting. A Thought No principle is more noble, as there is none more holy, than that of true obedience.—H, Giles. The City of Hope has given the recreational department of WPA the use of the new exhibit hall at Fair park to convert it into a recreational center for Ihe people of Hope. The center will be open to children and adults beginning Monday, December 20. The building will be well heated and lighted, and the floors will he covered with saw-dust. There will be all kinds of games, including checkers, dominoes, ping-pong, jig-saw puzzles, card games of flinch and rook. Horse-shoe pitching, an indoor croquet court, basketball goals will he inside for goal practice, wilh outdoor courts for games. Also, an outdoor tennis court will be kept in shape to be used on favorable days. Anyone in Ihe city having any old games or toy*, pu/./lcs or lale magazine:; that they will donate to this center will lie greatly appreciated. Please call 181, Fair park, from 1 to 5 o'clock in the afternoon, and all games and toys will be called for. ^4» i «»Fulton Postmaster Is Confirmed by Senate WASHINGTON - i,l'i-- The Senate confirmed Tuesday the nominations of two Arkansas po.simaMcrs: Clarence G. Cooper. Fouke. Erma M. Odum. Fulton. --«» « 4I»- W. F. Cody (Buffalo Dill I is buried in a grave blasted from solid rock on Lookout mountain near Denver. Exonerate Driver in Fatal Wreck Denstaedt Youth to Continue to Arizona for His Health the 1. C'.in you name Ihe Milar .system'.' 2. Al university comment'cnu'i.!.^ vt-riou-, colored huods (collars' are bcstuwe-d up.in candidate.'- lor doctors' degrees. Duu you knu\v the colors which designate a doctor of art:* and K'Hcr.-'.' a doctor of law? a doctor of medicine'.' ?,. 11 AV many islands make up the principal p.at. of the Hawaiian group? 4. What noted American ha/> flown over buth the North and South Poles? 5. How many feet in a meter? Answers on C'lussilivd JMJU' Coroner J. H. Weaver Wednesday exonerated Irving Denstaodt, 20, of blame for the highway accident Tuesday five miles northeast of Hope in which Mrs. Florence Stone, 50, of Detroit, Mich., was killed. Coroner Weaver said that he Questioned the youth and also examined the body of Mrs. Slone. He said she sustained a skull fracture, crushed chest and numerous lacerations about the body. Undertakers at Hope Furniture company, in communication with Dr. McCloughan of Detroit, nephew of the dead woman, said that Dr. McCloughan held no blame against Denstaedt. The body of Mrs. Stone, reported wealthy widow, will be taken to Memphis, Tenn., for cremation. Undertakers were awaiting further advice as to when the body would be taken I here. Young Denslaedl said Wednesday that he planned to leave Hope probably Thursday for Tucson, Ariz., to spend the winter for his health. He .said he hud no relatives there, but had ('lose friends. The accident occurred five miles northeast of Hope on paved Highway U7 when the automobile in which Denslatedl was driving crashed broadside into a concrete bridge ami turned over. Dciistaedt said he attempted lo ad- jusl his scarf around his neck and lasl control of the ear. Mrs. Stone was killed instantly. Denstaudt, chauffeur and iraveliug companion of Mrs. Stone, sustained minor head injuries. Denstaedt said that his hoi:i<.- was at Highland Park, Mich., a suburb of Detroit. The pair was en route from Detroit to Tucson to spend the winter at a health resort when tragedy overtook them. Injunction Stops Back-Salary Pay State Treasurer Restrained From Paying County Officials LITTLE ROCK—(/P)—W. H. Pool, Little Rock taxpayer, obtained a chancery court injunction Wednesday stopping Stale Treasurer Earl Page from paying back salaries to county tax assessors and clerks under authority of the 1937 act. Page said he had paid half a dozen checks amounting to about $3,000 before the injunction order was served on him. He said he immediately stopped further payments. The 1337 legislature authorized the state to pay lo Ihe assessors and clerks ,?1«2,000 in hack salaries for the 193335 biennium. Pool's suit, challenging the validity of the back salary act, was brought against Page, secretary Ashbaugh of the Corporation Commission, and Stale Auditor Oscar Humphrey. Demand "Open Door 1 .' WASHINGTON -(/P)—- The United States, in a formal note that covered far more than the Panay incident, .virtually demanded Japanese pledges Tuesday that China's door would stay open and that all Americans and American interests in China would be free from "unlawful interference." Secretary of State Hull presented Japan a note asking "a formally recorded expression of regret" for the sinking of the gunboat Panay; "complete and comprehensive indemnifications," and "an assurance that definite and specific steps have been taken which will ensure that hereafter American nationals, interests and property in China will not be subject to attack by Japanese armed forces or unlawful interference by any Japanese authorities or forces whatsoever." This last phrase—"or unlawful interference by any Japaness authorities or forces whatsoever"—was regarded as highly significant. It was taken to refer to the numerous cases which have arou.4ed protest from the United States, including the taking over of communications in Shanghai and preparation for taking over the Chinese customs at Shanghai. Fired on by ships SHANGHAI, China-W—Dispatches from the British gunboat Bee Wednesday reported two Japanese motor launches machine-gunned the United States gunboat Panay before the American vessel sank Sunday after a Japanese bomb attack. The British vessel, anchored off Hohsien where Panay survivors wait rescue, relayed an account of the Panay's sinking to (Continued on Page Three) Cotton NEW ORLEANS. - i/P) - December cotton opened Wednesday at 8.22 and closed at 8.29. Spot cotton closed steady four points lo\\cr, middling H.iil. H. L Sutton, 74, of Holly Grove, Dies Well Known Citizen Buried There at 2:30 p. m. Tuesday 11. L. Sutton of the Holly Grove community died at 4 o'clock Monday afternoon. Funeral .services' were held at Holly Grove church Tuesday at 2:30 p m., conducted by the Rev. Mr. Koberson, the Rev. Mr. Walker and the Rev. Willie Arnold. A host of friends attended. Interment was in the Holly Grove cemetery. Mr. Sutton was one of the oldest and best known citizens of Holly Grove, Hempstead county. He was 74 years of age and had lived in this county practically all of his life. In 1887 he was married to Miss Nina Smith. To them were born ten children. He is survived by his widow and nine children: Mrs. Carrie Shapleigh of Smackover; Mrs. Ida Foster, Mrs. Myrtle Morton and Jeff Sutton of Hope; Albert Sutton of Ashdown; Dewey Sut• Continued on Page Three) Some of the bread bakeriTat Christmas in Denn^rk is kept until sowing time, then crumbled and mixed with the seed to insure a^good harvest. j.« "
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