Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor — Alex. H. Washburn Heart Says "Yes" Mind Says "No" T HE Arkansas Gazette takes a warlike attitude Tuesday morning that would make me, if I didn't positively know differently, think the Japanese were about to land on the California coast—instead of being up a muddy river 10,000 miles away quarreling with the equally quarrelsome Chinese. The C.ax.ettc says, about the matter of the sinking of the American gunboat 1'anay: "The people of this country are not going to be satisfied or reassured by mere expressions of Japanese 're"gret' .... The American government is hampered in dealing with a foreign .situation by America's provincialism as a nation.... Millions of Americans say and will now say that 'we have no business in China'—as if in the world of today the United States could lead a self-contained existence, like that of some primitive tribe of people. The fact that the three merchant vessels sunk with the Panay belonged to the Standard Oil company is unfortunate for reasons peculiarly American. There is a more or less definite idea that property rights and national interests and national prestige are all adjourned when the Standard Oil company or some other big corporation is concerned." With what the Ga/ette has to say about the right of Americans either individually or through corporations to carry on trade in,the Orient 1 agree—but I do not see how this supports the Gazette's almost open declaration for war against Japan. Nanking's Capture No Joy to Japan, Fearf uhrf U. S. A. Sinking of Gunboat Panay Dismays Japenese Home Folk CALL OFF PARADES Tokyo Cancels Celebration of Capture of China's Capital TOKJO, Japan—(XI 1 )—Foreign Minister Hi rota Monday called at the American embassy and presented the Japanese government's "profoundest apologies" to Ambassador Joseph C. Grew for the sinking uf the United States gunboat Panuy. As soon as news was received of the Push Beyond Nanking SHANGHAI, China.—W-Grcat fires blazed in fallen Nanking Tucsda; night as the Japanese army, relentlessly pursuing its punitive mission deep into China, rolled on past the conquered capital. Fragmentary reports, filtrcing in over disrupted communications, indicated actual fighting had ended within Nanking's walls and that the Japanese troops, without slackening their offensive campaign, were carrying their operations farther afield. warplano attack on the American warship, high governmental officials hurried to a conference with members of the imperial headquarters at Premier Prince Fuminiiira Konoye's residence. The- wnr and navy ministers also apologised to Ambassador Grew. There was abvious dejection at the Navy Ministry us high ranking officers expressed fear that .their efforts to cultivate friendship with the United SUitcs had been nullified. l^iiilern Parades Off News of the bombing apparently .stifled Tokio's joy over the announced capture of Nanking. Lantern parades which hiid been scheduled were cancelled. Allliiiiifjh great celebrations long had been prepared, the .streets were abnormally quiet. A brief version of the Panay sinking was broadcast .shortly at for nightfall and caused widespread dismay. Officials and private citizens anxiously asked American acquaintances what the United States' attitude would be. Earlier, publication of the story had been .sui/prc-.ssud and lhi 1 incident generally was unknown except for rumor.s .on the Stock Exchange, where stocks reacted slightly. Navy Officials Dejected At (lie Naval Ministry the staff stood around smoking nervously, One of Naval Minister Yonai's aides sat holding lii.s head in his hands: "1 would like to reMKn my life." One liiyh naval official .said: "We have be-on doing everything in our power lo cultivate the friendship and nuclei standing of the American government and |ic'>ple. "The extent of our eagerness to keep America's friendship was shown by our efforts in behalf of the grounded liner President Hoover. Now I am ufraiil it is all nullified. "The. erring aviators who bombed the 1'anay certainly will be disciplined. We intend to do everything possible to make amends. We will not attempt to dodge responsibility through foolish explanations." Earlier in the flay Ambassador Grew had called on Hirtou, told him that shells were falling near American ships on the Yangtze river and asked that the Japanese use caution. A Startling Difference While It has long been known that tuberculosis is more prevalent among tlie poorer classes, a recent study of employed tneu In ten states revealed that the tuberculosis death rate in the lowest economic group Is six and one-half' times higher than that in the liigherft economic group. Japan's attitude in the Panay case, just as in the earlier case of the wounding of Great Britain's ambassador to China, has been one of immediate apology and com- pen.sntion. To refuse to recogni/e any good faith whatsoever in the Japanese position in Asia may be a most dangerous thing. American opinion already is overwhelmingly on the side of the Chinese, and few of us have either the desire or the patience to study the case for Japan. The Gazette is afraid we won't fight Japan liecau.se Americans arc provincial; but yours truly is afraid we WILL fight Japan because Americans arc sentimental —provincialism and sentimentalism go together. Somebody, for instance, tells us China is an oppressed nation—and instantly wo are eager to relieve oppression, forgetting to inquire first as to whether China is yet actually a nation. That is o very important point, mark you—because America herself has had a sad experience with a certain neighbor "nation" which claimed to have a stable government but cither encouraged or condoned outright banditry. I don't doubt but what the Japanese nation is just as land- hungry npd just as rapacious as our piutiuur *Vme>hcans ever dared to be—but neither do 1 doubt but what the bandit-infested and communist-riddled country called China has given Japan plcanty of reason to invade her in order to stop the manipulations of Russia. * * * So far its the white powers arc concerned, the whole business is very unfortunate. China up to the present time has been a trade treasure-house over which all the civilr/.cd nations were quarreling. None of the white powers actually recognized any one central Chinese government. Today a change is apparent among the Chinese. They are beginning to feel they arc citizens of one great nation. That will be their .salvation—the only salvation possible for 400 million people. But that's like planting the seed and waiting for the harvest—it takes a long time. If I were an adventurous boy again, and looking for a fight, I would like to help the patriotic Chinese win the right to build a nation all their own. But even so, I would want my own country to keep out of it. War.s of patriotism arc long and dangerous and doubtful. We have no right to plunge the families of our own America into a sentimental war of Asiatic patriotism. L-hina remains, as it always has been, an Adventure. But China's no duty-date for our regular fighting men. MIND Your MANNERS 1. May a wife who kno.v.s her husband's .secretary well remember her with a gift at Christmas if she wishes? 2. I.s it a good plan for employes to give their employer u Christmas gift? 3. Is it a wise idea for office employes- to exchange gifts? •1. Is it correct to send Christmas card.*, to the people with whom one works? 5. Is it good taste for a girl to buy a man a more expensive gift than she thinks he is able to buy her? What would you da if— You are u man and arc not sure what your wife would like to have for Christmas — (a) Give her money? (b) Tell her to buy what she wants and charge it? (Spend some time and thought trying to find out what she wants and see to her gift yourself? 1. Yes, though it is not at all necessary. 2. Not in usual circumstances. 3. No, for sometimes it works a hardship, and it is a tiling that once started is hard to stop. 4. Yes. 5. No. Best "What Would You Do" solution— (c) is much the best. (Copyright 1937, NEA Service, Inc.) Hope Star WEATHER, Arkansas—Partly cloudy, some rain west Tuesday niyht, and north Wednesday; not much change in temperature. VOLUME 39—NUMBER 53 HOPE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 14, 1937 PRICE -DC COPY' TOURIST KILLED ft Japs Meet U.S. Ultimatum on the "Panay" • • '— — •—• • *^ Pledge Indemnity and Future Safety of U.S. Commerce Tokyo Makes Overtures Even Before Protest Note Arrives U. S. FLEETMTO STAY Almiral to Keep Warships Close to Americans in Asia TOKYO, Japan.—(/P)—Japan Tuesday mot the major demands of President Roosevelt on the sinking of the United States gunboat Punay before they were presented formally. The Japenesc note expressed regret, promised indemnification, and stated measures already had been taken to prevent a recurrence of the incident. A short time later the gist of President Roosevelt's memorandum, demanding full satisfaction for the attack on the Panay, was presented to Emperor Hiroliito, a high government official cliscolsed. Goo. Donaghey, 81, Reported Critically III at L R. Home LITTLE MOCK—(/I')—Former Governor George W. Donaghoy, 81, was critically ill at his home Tuesday following a heart attack Monday night. Attending physicians reported he was suffering from a weak heart, and from a clot in a blood vessel affecting his right leg. Donaghey was in n coma at noon. Doctors said his condition was "very serious." Double Parking in City Is Prohibited Police to Fine Motorists ,Who Park Cars Away From Curb Formal Nolu Delivered WASHINGTON. —(/PI—The Dop.-irl- ment of Stale announced Tuesday thati the American government had sent a formal note to Japan protecting against the bombing of the American gunbont Panay, and demanding adcquite reparation. The demands were the same as .set forth Monday by President Roosevelt in an oral message directed to Emperor Hirobito. Fleet Remains in Asia SHANGHAI, China.— W 3 ) — Admiral Harry Yarnell, commander of the United States Asiatic fleet, said Tuesday night that "vessels of the United States now in China waters will remain there for the protection of United States nationals as long as such necessity exists" U. S.-BriIi.sh Alliance? LONDON, Eny.—M 3 )—Great Britain find the United States worked in close concert Monday night in the grave Far Eastern situation growing out of Japanese attacks on gunboats of both nations on the Yangtze river. Members of the House of Commons cheered Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden's .statement that British ships had fired on Japanese planes after they had been bombed and shelled. Eden told Commons the British ambassador to Tokio had "made the strongest protests" to Japan for the shelling of the British gunboat Ladybird at Wuliu, up the Yangtze from Nanking. Eden conferred with both Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain and Herschel V. Johnson, the United States charge d'affaires, before making his cautious statement to Commons that the two Anglo-Saxon powers were "in consultation" on the serious international developments. Watch Reaction of U. S. The British Forciyn Office was said to be watching American public reaction to the Panay sinking for its possible effect in changing United States policy in the Far East. In this connection it was recalled that prior to the Brussels conference on the war, Eden declared Britain was prepared to go only as far as the United States in dealing with the conflict. Eilen told Commons Monday "the seriousness of these incidents needs ni> emphasis" and asked members not In seek any further statement from the government because of "the grave issues involved." Members, however, immediately began to ask questions on the strength of Britain's base at Hongkong. Defense Minister Sir Thomas Inskip refused to discuss the matter. 91 Dead llr Missing SHANGHAI, China -(/Hi - Ninety- one persons were reported dead or missing Monday after a 36-hour search for survivors of the four American vessels destroyed Sunday by Japanese airplanes. One American seaman of the sunken gunboat Punay was known dead. Fifteen of the til) known survivors were wounded, at least one of them seriously. Eight Americans and other foreigners aboard the Panay, Capt. C. H. Carlson of the cargo boat Moian and 31 Chinese of the crew of the Meian and two other Standard Oil Company boats were unaccounted for. There was no indication that any large number of the missing Chinese were dead. (A cable to the Soeony-Vacuuin Corporation in New Yorn from its China offices expressed belief that Captain Carlson, whose address was listed as UO Wood street, Watcrbury. Ct., was killed). British Rescue Parties While Japan's highest officials in With increased traffic as a result of Christmas shopping crowds, Chief of Police John W. Ridgdill Tuesday instructed all officers not to allow double parking or other traffic violations which tie up traffic in the downtown, district. At this time of year traffic is heavier than usual in the business district, the chief said. Double parking slows movement of traffic and creates a distinct hazard to both driver and pedestrian. It is a violation of a city ordinance to park a car alongside of machines parked at the curb, and drivers violating this ordinance will be subject to fine, Ridgdill said. Drivers will be permitted to stop in the street to discharge passengers but are urged to move on as quickly as possible. Cold Weather in Most of Nation Only Gulf and Pacific Coasts Escape Winter's Blast (Continued on Page Three) By the Associated Press Cold weather prevailed in most sec- lions of the country Tuesday except around the Gulf Coast and along the Pacific Coast. Rain, snow and sleet peppered most of the Appalachian region, the Ohio valley ,the Central Mississippi valley, the Rocky Mountains, the Great Plains and the interior of Texas. Fair weather prevailed in California but the Sacramento river, swollen by recent downpours, threatened to break its levees and flood the middle valley. Ambassador Bingham Is Home for an Operation BALTIMORE, Md.—Wl—Robert W. BiiiRliam, ambassador to Great Britain, was operated on here Tuesday to determine the exact cause of his illness. He entered the hospital November '& after his arrival from London. Rush for Citizenship Makes Judge Suspicious DENVER.—l/l'i—A public pension is an "unworthy incentive" for an alien to seek United States citizenship, JurlKc J. Foster Symcs of federal district, court told four candidates whose citizenship applications he rejected. One of the four had lived in the United States 60 years and said he only recently discovered he was nut » citizen. "It seems odd you would discover it just when Colorado decides to pay a. $45 a month old age pension,' the judge said. One of the qualifications for a pension is citizenship. North Democrats Ask Wage & Hour Interstate Action This Time It Is Northern Party Which Is on a Filibuster TEST VOTE IS NEAR FJirst Test to Be on 5-Man or Labor Department Administration WASHINGTON.-^)—A small group of rebellious Northern Democrats displaced their Southern colleagues Tuesday at the spearhead of the house's opposition to the administration's wage & hour bill. Four members from north of the Mason-Dixon line preferred substitute measures which would impose inflexible wage & hour standards on firms engaged in interstate commerce. The house may vote on them late Tuesday or Wednesday after deciding whether to place the administration of the program under an independent live-man board or under one Department of Labor official. A Thought Such as they words are, such will thy affections be esteemed; and such will thy deeds as thy affections, and such thy life as thy deeds.—Socrates. Ziebart Testifies Against M'DonaW Asserts He Paid Money to Former Secretary of State LITTLE ROCK—I. L. Ziebarl, 45, former soap salesman, serving five years in the penitentiary, testified in First Division " Circuit Court Monday night at the second trial of Ed F. McDonald, former secretary of state, that he paid McDonald "between $2,000 and $3,000" in 1932-36 to approve vouchers for purchase of soap and janitor's supplies. Court adjourned at 10:40 Monday night. Ziebart, who was brought here from the Tucker penitentiary farm, said that in many instances no merchandise was delivered. Ziebart was convicted of false pretense following McDonald's first trial last May. He was found guilty in connection with the same alleged transaction for which McDonald is being tried—the purchase of four drums of soap billed at $480. The warrant was issued August 6,1935. McDonald's defense is based on the contention that he is a victim of "political persecution." While seated in the courtroom with his son, Ed F. McDonald Jr., attorney- of Malvern, he told reporters Monday, that he believed that he had been "framed." A touch of drama was injected into the otherwise tedious trial Monday night when Sam Robinson, chief de- 'ense lawyer, suddenly tore a long strap from a paper bundle and beat it on the floor beneath the gaping eyes of Ziebart. He had time to swing it around once or twice before Prosecutor Fred Donham shouted objections and Judge Ab- ncr McGehce ordered Sheriff Branch to take over the instrument. Robinson surrendered the strap and offered no explanation immediately. Before enactment of the pre-audil law in 1933, Ziebart said he obtained vouchers for purchase of soap and disinfectants by presentation of bills to deputy secretaries of state, serving under McDonald. After passage of the Fre-audit Act, he said, vouchers were approved by McDonald personally. He said he witnessed McDonald sign more than 15 invoices, which under the new law had to accompany vouchers to the comptroller's and auditor's offices before warrants could be drawn. Victim of "Bluebeard Gang 5 I K Cotton NEW ORLEANS. - (ff) _ December cotton opened Tuesday at 8.21 and closed at 8.27. Spot cotton closed steady 10 points higher, middling 8.35. Prizes Offered Homes Having Best Christmas Decorations Mayor Albert Graves .said Tuesday that the municipal Hope Water & Light Plant had offered awards to residents of Hope having the most attractive Christmss-decorated homes. The gifts, now on display in a show window near the Rialto theater, are' 1. Four-piece electric percolator set. 2. Combination electric grill tmd waffle-iron. 3. Electric esg-cooker. AH residents of Hope are eligible for the awards. The Christmas- decorated homes will be judged from their appearance from the street. Out-of-Town judges will deride the winners, live mnyor said. "My magnificent eyes hypnotized her," boasted George Weidmann to Paris police in explaining how he had lured Jean de Koven, pictured above in one of her last studio portraits, to the lair where he attacked and strangled the pretty Brooklyn dancer. Weidmann admitted that he and two accomplices also had murdered four othei persons to Ret "money to eat." He obtained about $525 from Miss de Koven. The lower signature shows the crude forgery ot her name (top) used by the slayers to cash her travellers' checks, Find Sixth Victim of 'Murder Rin "Executioner" Weidmann Reveals Another Murder Grave PARIS, France—ul 1 )—Police Tuesday found the body of Janic Keller, sixth known victim of a murdcr-for-profit syndicate, in "Brigand's Cavern," in a corner of FonUu'nebleau forest. The discovery came as the result of information given police Monday by Eugene Weidmann, confessed executioner for the murder ring. Manalia Prepares to Greet Wreck Victims MANILA, P. !._(/?)—The steamer President McKinley ncured Manila Tuesday night with 453 passengers from the grounded Dollar Liner President Hoover, while the city completed preparations to aid the shipwrecked refugees. Paddle Wheeler of '66 Heads for Scrap Heap CORNWALL, Ont—(flV-The "Britannic," 72-year-old St. Lawrence river paddle wheeler—last of its type in this area—has completed its final run. The boat, constructed of iron plates, has been sold by its owners for scrap. For 25 years the craft was employed on the Kingston, Ont.-Montreael run, for freight and passenger service. Irie Britannic was built in Glasgow. Scotland, in 1886. M. E. Edgington, of Mo. Pac., Dies Funeral From S. Walnut St. Residence o p. m. Wednesday M. E. Edgington, fiH, died, at his home on South Walnut street at 1 a. m. Tuesday after a long illness. He had been an employe of the Missouri Pacific railroad ninny years. Funeral services will be held from the family residence at 3 p. m. Wednesday, conducted by the Rev. W. R. Hamilton, pastor of First Baptist churrh. Burn in Columbus, bid., in 1874, he moved to Arkansas ;il the age of 12. In 1308 he moved to Hope with the Missouri Pacific, railroad. He was a member of First Christian church and the W. O. W- loJfce. Surviving are his widow, two sons, Cecil of Horatio and Vernon of Camden, one brotlu . W. M. Edgington of Furmersville, Te.\u.s. Five grand children also survive. 1. What is a watt'.' £. How did the United States acquire Alaska'.' 3. Can you name the two children of the present king and queen of England? 4. Whu wire the emperors of Rome during the life of Christ? 5. What is "absolute zero"? Answci-s on Classified Page Boy Crashes Car Into Bridge Rail; Woman Mangled Mrs._ Florence Stone, Detroit Widow, Is Instantly Killed YOUTH HURT LITTLE Irving Denstaedt, 20, Escapes Fatal Wreck Virtually Unhurt Mrs. Florence Stone, about 50, of Detroit, Mich., was killed and Irving Denstaedt, 20, chauffeur and traveling companion, sustained minor injuries and shock when their automobile« struck a concrete bridge about five miles north of Hope on Highway 67 at U a. m. Tuesday. \ Mrs. Stone was dead whan removed from the wreckage. Her body was horribly mangled. She sustained , a deep head wound and lacerations about the body. The right breast was j crushed and the left ear was almost severed from the head. Driver Escapes Young Denstaedt, whose home is at 136 North Avenue, Highland Park, 1 Mich., a suburb of Detroit, was taken to Josephine hospital. Examination showed that he sustained minor head wounds arid shock. Mrs. Stoiie and Denstaedt were en route from Detroit to Tucson, Ariz,, to spendjthe_winter,at a health;resort. 'DenstaedT said "ffiiat He"was drivfhgfat" approximately 50 miles an hour when he attempted to adjust his scarf around his neck and momentarily lost control, of the car. He said the automobile swerved and struck the front part of the bridge broadside and turned over on. the highway. The impact crushed- the right side of the car. Denstaedt said he climbed out and waved a passing motorist, who aided in removing Mrs. Stone from the wreckage. A Hope Furniture company ambulance brought Denstatedt to Josephine hospital and Mrs. Stone to the morgue. Wealthy Widow Mrs. Stone was reported to be a wealthy widow. Two rings and a bar pin bore approximately 75 diamonds. She had more than §500 in traveler cheques and a small amount of cash in her purse. From a hospital bed Tuesday afternoon, Denstaedt said that he knew little about Mrs. Stone. "I becarne acquainted with her about three days before we started the trip to Tucson, Ariz. I wanted to go there for my health—and so did she. We intended to spend the winter there. "She was paying all the expenses, and I was going along as her traveling' companion and driving the car for her. When the accident is cleared up I want to go on to Tucson. "I Just can't go back to Detroit. My father is dead and my mother is working. I don't want to cause her any more trouble—and if I go back to Detroit I know they'll be asking a lot of questions." The body of Mrs. Stone is held at Hope Furniture company undertaking parlors, pending word from relatives in Detroit. Until quite recently, there was a "no man's land" in Switzerland. A small triangular acreage was set aside more than 100 years ago as a refugee for wayfarers "without a country." In Syria, dough containing a silver coin and hung in a tree, becomes leaven at midnight on Epiphany, Twelfth Night eve, according to superstition.
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