Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex. H. Washbutti — —. Benefit of Drunkenness N OW and then a newspaper publishes an editorial so pat it resembles a grand jury indictment—and all the other papers, instead of being moved to write on the same subject, copy the exact text of n master craftsman. Such an editorial is "Benefit of Drunkenness," by the New York Times; and here it is— Education Comes Before Athletics, Thomsen Reminds Razorbacks' Coach Addresses Hope Football Banquet Thursday A BRYAN MEMORY Thomson Entertains With a Political Story From Nebraska Coach Fred Thomsen of Iho University of Arkansas stressed the importance of receiving a college edu- cation—rnther than being a grid hero —at (i banquet at Capital hotel Thursday night honoring the Hope High School football team. HiK talk was straight from the shoulder. It was well received by more than 100 persons, including members of the team, school officials and football boasters. Ecforc launching ito his speech, Coach Thomsen related the following story: "I went to school in Nebraska—but I'm u Democrat. In Nebraska we had few Democrats. "I served as chairman of the Democratic club—and when the great William Jennings Bryan, a beloved Democrat arid great orator, came through iny town making campaign speeches I was called upon to introduce him. "There were no suitable auditoriums from which to speak, so I picked out a vacant lot near an implement company. About the highest rostrum that I could select Cor Mr. Bryan to deliver his speech from, was a manure-spreader. "Before a large gathering, I climbed to Ihe lop of Ihe manure-spreader and introduced the speaker the best way I knew how. Then Mr. Bryan climbed on the manure-spreader and said: " 'Ladies and gentlemen, I have made many .speeches during my life. 1 have lalked to great Democratic audiences from coast to coast and from Canada lo Mexico. 1 "Then, gazing at the manure-spreader, he said: "This i.s the first time I ever spoke from a Republican platform'." - • *""'•' Hail Good Grid Season Getting back to football, Coach Thomsen said thai his Razorback loam had u good season even if "we didn't win Ihe Southwest Conference title." "My team played only one bad game. That was Ihe gcorgc Washington game at Little Rock. That was the contest where I really wanted my team to 'show-off. But then I am always dis- iippointcd nl Little Rock. "They played only one decent game at Lillle Rock and thai was when we won the conference tillc in 1936. Thai year Arkan.sa.s finished 15lh in Ihe national lating. This year, although we didn't win llvj lille, we finished 14th in Ihe national ranking—so I think Mia I i.s prelty good. "Members of the Hope High School team .should be thankful for the athletic program you are carrying on in Hope. You have a great coach in Hammons and you have the interest and co-operation of citizens of Hope which i.s evidenced by Ibis gathering here this evening. "Football teaches Ihe youlh of today other things than just winning the game. I think the four greatest benefactors from football can be listed in this order. "Loyalty, determination, leadership and citizenship—tall of which are necessary for a successful life in later years. "Football, however, is secondary if you intend to go to college. Pick out a good school that you want to attend, gel an education in your chosen line of work -and let football be second on your list. Because, in football, you are a hero today and a bum tomorrow. If you gel an education, you are prepared for life. "The University of Arkansas is a great institution. You can receive most any kind of higher learning therein your chosen line. Arkansas ranks KHh among 158 members of the North Central Association. "Several stales may be bidding for this services of some of you football players. Football coaches will be around to see you. They are a selfish bunch—much as I hate to say that. But don't let them lie to you. Don't let them kid you. J know their story. It's a rosy story they paint for you— but it's nol so rosy once they gel you, "As I said before, you are in football, a hero today and a bum lomor- iContinued on Puge Three) 1. Their names appear in newspapers almost daily, but can you give the government agencies represented by the following initials: PWA, TVA, RA. HALC, FDJC, REA and FEUA? 'i What city official was fatally wounded when an assassin attempted to kill President-elect Roosevelt? 3. How many types of poisonous snakes are found in United States'.' 4. How long is the U. S. nautical mile? 5. Who was England's queen for nine days? <m I'liissifiwl Page- On the night of Aug. 7 a young man and his 2-year-old son, walking in a street of Lowell, Mass., were struck by an automobile and instantly killed. The wife and mother, .seriously Injured, is rftill under a physician's care. In the Middlesex Superior Court Nov. 17 the hit-and-run driver was tried by a judge, jury trial having been waived. The defendant was acquitted of the charge of manslaughter and that of leaving the scene of the accident. He WBS found guilty of drunkenness, drunken driving and of operating his car so as to endanger public safely, with a singular tenderness the com- viction of drunkenness was placed on file. He got a suspended sentence of six months in jail and was fined J200 on each of the other charges. So cheap i.s life in Lowell. The judge said that manslaughter must result from willful, wanton and reckless conduct. If Curry was so drunk that he could not formulate his will, can it be said that he i.s guilty of being willful, wanton and reckless? The same rule applies to his leaving the scene of the accidenl. "He must have left knowingly. He must know what he is doing at the time." This is sour doctrine. A drunken driven has only to plead drunkenness and he can kill and run away from the killing for less lhan the price of his automobile. ITie common law was harsh to drunkenness and wouldn't admit it us extenuation of offenses committed under its immediate influence. Old Coke sounds good yet: A drunkard who is voluntarious daemon hath no privilege thereby: whatever ill or hurt he doth, his drunkenness doth aggravate it. If it can be shown lo be great enough to be inconsistent with "willful, deliberate; malicious and premediated killing." it will reduce the degree of murder. In Massachusetts—and wo presume the judge knows his business—a person can gel drunk and drive his car unlawfully, kill a couple of persons and seriously injure another unlawfully, drive away unlawfully from the place of his homicide, and all hi.s punishment is a couple of fines and a suspended scnlence. Hit. kill and run. You "don't" remember." All you have to do is to claim your benefit of drunkenness. When we recall that death, resulting from the negligent perform. ance.of a lawful act, negligent driving or negligent running of an engine, for instance, has been held to amount to manslaughter, it is our privilege as ignorant laymen lo be nol only surprised bul .scared by whal seems a judicial acquittal of drunkards in homicide cars. StepWPAlolls Up for Recession Increase of 23 Million Dollars a Month for Winter WASHlNGTON~-7/P/ -The government ordered a $23,000,000-a-month increase in WPA spending to cope with mounting unemployment Thursday and Harry L. Hopkins, the works progress administrator, announced work relief projects lo provide 350,000 additional jobs. Speculation increased as tt> whether President Roosevelt's announced goal of a balanced budget in the next fiscal year could be achieved in view of the business recession. Hopkins said he was not thinking at tihs time of asking a deficiency appropriation losupplemenl the $1,275,000,000 the president has budgeted for WFA the fiscal year which ends June 30. The $23.000,000-ii-inonlh increase will come out of the $1,275,000,000. Up to now WPA has been si>ending at the rate of $100,000,000 a month, so that at the end of November, $500,000,000 had been spent, and $775,000,000 was left. Thus it was indicated thai WPA could spend al the increased rate for a time without exceeding the sum the president budgeted for work relief. Hopkins appeared weary nt the press conference where he announced the increase. "I have felt bum," he told reporters, disclosing that he would leave tonight for Rochester, Minn., to undergo a physical examination at the Mayo Clinic. "There certainly should be no implication drawn from what I say," lie said, "that I think it is going to require more than this. "I simply say that on the basis of the realities of the present situation, we think the requirements of the relief problem so far as employable people are concerned indicate, we should increase our numbers by 350,000." Landon Is Not to Run for President Not "Out ot'Tolitics," But Is Out of Presidential Race WASHINGTON^iflV-Former Governor Alf M. Landon of Kansas said Friday he would nol be a candidate for the Republican presidential nomination in 1940, and would not accept the nomination should it be offered to him. Landon emphasized that his statement did not mean he was withdraw- in/; from | H il i I ic.x. Hope WEAtltER. Arkansas—Partly cloudy, not Quite so cold in went, extreme north Friday night; Saturday mostly Star ' f 1 'KJ warmer. VOLUME 39—NUMBER 60 HOPE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 10,1937 FRE1ML Shanghai in Flames as Japs Enter PRICE 6c COPY 2S-S ™* fmrff * f •^..wi'wiMuj i n J*w^aMa^re£>*Attd882%'«7^^iutww <vl s33x£^$9lH£33&gK^ Dark, billowing clouds of smoke from hundreds of fires clouded the sky over Shanghai, as the panoramic picture above was taken, while conauerifle ereen clad sro?±r:?, as ^^ nalj£nal_troop_Datrpls_andjUj^Shan8hal Volunteer Coras, euardians of the settlement. worries 01 tater- Toll of 25 Taken by Cold Weather Seven Dead in South as the Result of Wintry Assault The official low temperature for the 24-hour period ending at 7 a. m. Friday was 25'A degrees, the Fruit and Truck Branch Experimenl station reported. The forecast for this section Friday night is partly cloudy and not quite so cold; Saturday partly cloudy and somewhat warmer. By the Associated Press From the gale-battered Pacific coast to Florida's chilly citrus belt the nation Friday suffering a wintery assault that in the pasl few days has :osl al leasl 25 lives, seven of them in the South. The weather was blamed in highway accidents which resulted in numerous other fatalities. Blizzard in North BUFFALO, N. Y.— (/P) —Near xcro weather tightened the grip of a throe- day storm on upstate New York Thursday night as the death toll reached eight. Temperatures plunged toward the lowest levels of the season in welsern and northern New York, halting traffic and adding to the troubles of snow fighting crews. 'New snow quails struck many areas. A low temperature of 10 degrees was predicted in Buffalo. A 40-mile wind swept New York's second largesl eily almost nullifying efforts of snowplows to free hundreds of cars caught in six and seven-foot drifts. Earlier in the day the gale attained a force of 52 miles an hour. Snowplows smashed their way over snow covered roads and rescued scores of motorists stranded in suburban Tonawanda township. Many of the motorists had been without food for 24 hours. Storms howled over a wide area of the Far West. Mariners were harassed; overseas air service was interrupted; sleet and snow fell on the P-.icific Coast. The American mail liner, President Jefferson, wirelessed she was fighting a 70-mile hurricane some l.BOO miles west of Seattle. Small craft off Southern California went to cover. Typhoon conditions were reported in the Far Western Pacific. Snow fell in many high areas of Ihe Wesl. 'In the Mid-West there was sub /ero weather. Ask Protection in "Rightto Work" N a tional M a n ufacturers Seek Revision of Wagner Labor Act 100,000 Jap Troops Storm Walls of China's Capital City Spokesman for Invaders Declares that Nanking Was "in Process of Falling"—Japs Rush Through Southern Gate By the Associated Press A furious assault was launched against beseiged Nanking Friday by 100,000 Japanese troops when the stubborn defenders of the walled Chinese capital city ignored an ultimatum to surrender. A Japanese spokesman declared Nan-r. king was "in process of falling." A Dome! (Japanese news agency dispatch to Tokyo said Japanese troops already were pouring into the city through its captured southeastern gate. Japanese reported the capture of Purple Mountain, dominating Nan- king. By NBA Service Walls that were 100 years old when Columbus set sail from Palos for America, walls that were 20 miles long and 30 feet thick at the base, arc of litlle help in the last-ditch fight lo bar Ihe Japanese from Nanking. True, Ihose walls had largely been demolished in former wars, and even had they been inlacl Ihey would have been no defense againsl modern arlil- lery. Bul they guard the political shrine of the 25-year-old Chinese Republic. Here Sun Yat Sen came to announce lo the spirits of Ihe deparled Ming emperors the birth of the new republic. Here also a magnificent mausoleum on the slope of Purple Mountain com- (Continucd on Page Three) - NANKING Poised on the Purple Mountain just outside Nanking, and thrusting toward Wuhu to (lie southwest, the Japanese bayonet is at the heart of the Chinese Republic, for Nanking is a city sacred both in ancient and modern significance, Map shows the rapid advance inland from the bitterly-contested battlefields around Shanghai, with arrows indicating Japanese drive ugahist Chinese Imttlcline. Bailey Operated on Successfully Kidney Stone Removed, But Left Kidney Itself Is Saved LITTLE ROCK. - (fP) - Governor Bailey underwent a major operation, lasting 1 hour 30 minutes, Friday for removal of a stone from his left kidney. One hour after the operation two of the governor's four attending physicians issued the following statement: "The patient is quite sick but unless complications develop he will make rapid recovery and will be out again within iJ-SnOrt'time." • ' Physicians described the operation as "a tedious one," and said it required more time than usual for such operations. They reported finding a "slight infection" but said it was not necessary to remove the kidney. NEW YORK.-t/Pi—The National Association of Manufacturers closed its annual convention Thursday with u call for revision of the Wagner Labor Relations Act. The lasl of three days' sessions was entitled "Labor Day," and was attended by some 3.000 industrialists. The demand for revision of labor laws followed a "closed session" at which Charles W. Fahy, lawyer for the National Labor Relations Board opposed revision of the Wagner Act, asked the manufacturers to observe the letter of the law. Previously Ernest T. Weir, chairman cf the National Steel Corporation, asserted labor strife had cost America $5,000,000,000 in 1937, "the worst and most costly period of labor turmoil in our history," and declared the government's attilude was "one of the (Continued on Pnirp Six) Crippled Children Fund Drive Closes All Mite BoxeTShould Be Turned in by December 15 A quiet campaign for funds for the Arkansas Children's Home and Hospital has been in progress throughout Hempsk'ad county since September, according to an announcement by the chairman, the Hev. Fred R. Harrison. Similar campaigns are being conducted in many other counties of the stale, under the general direction of C. S. Hamby. The funds are being secured largely by moans of mite boxes which were distributed to committee chairmen in various communities at the September meeting. 1 December 15 has been set as the date for closing out the fall campaign throughout the entire slajc. All people who hold mite boxes are requested to bring them to First National Bank, which has been selected as the local depository of funds, by or on that date The Arkansas Children's Home and Hospital is located in Little Rock between Battery and Wolfe strqels al Hth and 9th streets. During 193(5 neui l\ 900 sick and crippled children were cared for in the hospital. Some maintenance money comes from the Lcyu,- lature, some from nearly 40 Quorum Courts; but the major portion of support emoes from gifts and donation-.. There is however, a mortage of $42.000. and the mile-box campaign is part nf plan to eliminate this indebtedness. Persons desiring to contribute K> Home and Hospital may see the chairman of the committee or leave their contribution at the First National Bank^ or give to ay of Ihe following commillee chairmen: Mrs. Joe Jackson, Washington, Mrs. C. Schooley. R. F. D. Hope; Miss Gladys Johnson. Hope, R. F. D.; Mrs. Ernest Cox, Fulton; Dr. H. H. Darnall, Columbus; C. G. Hays, R. F. D. Hope; Mrs. A. G. Zimmeriy, R. F. D. Hope; Mrs. Ruel Oliver, Hope; C. G. Coffee, Hoi*; and O. O. Silvic, Hurky Mound Low Auto Lights Required by Law Legionnaire Crash Due to Mules on Road, Not Faulty Lights LITTLE ROCK.-Chiirges that an accident in which three Arkansas Le- Hinonnaires were injured Wednesday morning near Alicia resulted from poor vision because headlights of the automobile hud been set too low, brought statements from stale highway officials, Chief Gray Albright of Stale Police and Art Bolin, in charge of Lil- tle Rock's municipar testing .station. Those injured weiv R. W. (Bob) Sisson, stale commander. Jot 1 Lee, state finance officer and Mark M. Key. Sisson and Lee are at the Army and Navy hospital at Hoi Springs, probably for several weeks, it was said Thursday. Highway officers said they hud received complaints from car drivers over the state that the lights were adjusted too low for safe driving at night. Albright said the height of the beam is fixed by stale law, based on national tests. Bolin said Sisson's ear was inspected November 29 and was rejected because of faulty headlights. Several days later the car was returned and the lighls approved. Burl Presson, slale Legion adjutant, said that Lee, driver of the cur. said seven mules loomed up on the highway in front of his car. The distance was too short to stotp Ihe car. He dodged six of the mules, bul struck Ihe other. The car turned over and burned. Bolin said he and a state official recently made many tests of approve'! headlights and that they were convinced the beam was not too low. "We could see a stop button SOU feet away, a hat in the street at 300 feet and in other tests on highways at a speed of 60 miles an hour, we Operation Required LITTLE ROCK, — Apparently improving in health as the result of recent medical attenlion and an enforced resl, Governor Bailey suffered a setback Thursday and entered St. Vincent's infirmary. He probaoly will undergo an operation Friday for a kidney ailment which has troubled him for nearly' four months. It was believed that the operation would compel him to remain away from his desk for several weeks. The governor entered the hospital November 17 in preparation for an operation but he resopnded to treatment so readily that physicians, believed surbery could be avoided by an extended rest. He left the hospital four days later and went to Hot Springs and spent several clays resting at a hotel. Physicians advised his return to St. Vincent's. Remaining in the hospital only two days the-second time, the governor returned to his home at 1518 Battery street Anxious to give his personal attention to problems of his office, he rcassumccl active duties November 29, Monday he was forced to abandon (hem again temporarily. He has not been able to return to his office since. (Continued n n PIIRP Six) Assassins' Plot in France Nicked Foreign Minister Yvon Delbos Object of Murderous Plot Court Removal Is Favored, Says C,C. Secretary Points Out New Building Needed Regardless Location Preliminary surveys indicate four- fifths of the people of Hempstead county would prefer to have the courthouse at Hope instead of Washington, Secretary R. P. Bowen of Hope Chamber of Commerce told the Rotary club Friday noon at Hotel Barlow. Explaining that he personally had resided in th county only since becoming secretary of the chamber, Mf. Boweri went on to'say thatMiis public appearances were-merely as the agent of citizens and business interests long established here, and his role was only that of spokesman for the chamber's board of directors. "There is a sentimental regret on behalf of the history and native figure which made the old court site famous," the speaker continuued, "but the changing economy of the day makes it good business to consider the courthouse removal to Hope now. "It probably costs the people transacting business at the present courthouse $50,000 a year more than it would cost them if the building were located in Hope, which alone has more than half the assessed property valuation in the county. "It will cost something to put up a new building, of course. Every intelligent person knows that it will. But so would it cost something to erect a new building in Washington—and a new building is needed regardless where it is located. "Furthermore, building costs are rising—and every authority tells us construction can be undertaken more cheaply now than in* probably many years to come." Another club guest introduced Friday by President Robert M. Wilson was Joe Weisiger of the Missouri Pacific, a former Hope man. Roosevelt Asserts Roads Need Aid to Retain Ownership Asks for Quick Decisioti on Railroads* Plea for Higher Rates FARM VOTE~ IS NEAR Amendments Rejected as Bill Pushed for Vote Late Friday WASHINGTON. — (IP) — President Roosevelt said Friday the Interstate Commerce Commission should seek to preserve the solvency of the nation's railroads with a view to retaining them under private management and private ownership. The president said the quicker a final determination was reached on the roads' application for higher freight rates the better it would be all around. He said he wanted to avoid government ownership but at the same time he reminded that railroad receiverships could not continue without some steps being taken to adjust their financial steup. The Farm Bill WASHINGTON.—(ff)—The house rejected a Republican proposal Friday to compel the use of civil service em- ployes in administering the pending farm bill. The proposal, made by Representative Luce, Massachusetts Republican, was one of several minor amendments •the house swept aside in its push .toward a final vote late Friday. Chairman Jones, Texas Democrat pleaded during the debate for members to vote for or against the bill, but not to send it .back to the,committee. , Commission Named > WASHINGTON. — (/P),— President 1 Roosevelt Friday- • nominated: John JW.' v *Haries, r of North Carolina,' and'-JertmSri N. Frank, of^New York, to be members of the Securities Commission. Hanes will succeed J. D. Ross, of Seattle, and Frank Will succeed James D. Landis-. Cleopatra was the regular name of the queens of Egypt in the Ptolemaic dynasty. VALENCIENNES, France. — (/Pj -A plol to assassinate French Foreign Minister Yvon Delbos was discovered here Friday by police who seized a coded letter giving details of the plan. The letter, police said, was addressed to an Hungarian terrorist now in jail here, charged with firing shots through the windows of the League of Nations building at Geneva in 1935. Boys Will Be Boys in Coeds' Play ANN ARBOR, Mich— (/Pi— University of Michigan co-cds have decided that men can do a better job of impersonating their own sex. So. for the first time in 25 years, male students will appear this year in the annual junior girls' play. Cotton NEW ORLEANS —</P)— December cotton opened Friday at 8.17 and closed at 8.17 bid, 8-19 asked. Spot collon closed steady and un- i!.:m •<•,!. niiddlinu S.ffi. MIND Your MANNERS Test your knowledge of correct social usage by answering the following questions, then checking against the authoritative answers below: 1. Is it permissible to write a note on a Christmas card? 2. Should a letter ever be signed "Haistly yours?" 3. When cards are bought and the names of a husband and wife signed, whose name is written first? 4. If a child's name is also signed in what order are the names written? 5. Should "yours" follow such closes as "sincerely" and "Lovingly"? What would you do if— You are sending a Christmas card to a friend who has never met your husband — (a) Sign it with both your names? lb) Sign your own name first? (.c) Sign "Alice Brown Jones?" 14 More Put to Death in Russia 7 Veterinarians Are Executed for "Spreading Epidemic" MOSCOW, Russia. — (/P) — Fourteen more death sentences were reported Friday as Soviet Russia's "purge" of its suspected internal enemies centered on the livestock industry. Seven veterinarians indicted in Georgian republic charges of spreading livestock epidemics were given the supreme penalty. Two Fires Friday, But Little Damage Reported The Hope Fire Department Friday ifternoon answered two alarms, the irst to Southern Grain & Produce company the second to J. C. Penney Co., store. The fire at Southern Grain & Produce company was caused by a short circuit in the electric wires. Fire- nen reported a small damage. At the 3 enney store a wooden box caught ire. There was no damage. Chess is the most cosmopolitan of all games. Invented in the Orient, it s played throughout the world. 1. Not only permissible, but more in the spirit of Christmas. 2. No. 3. Either way. Usually the one doing the writing signs his name last. 4. Husband, wife, child. 5. That is the preferred form — though some people think it makes the closing more formal. Best "What Would You Do" solution — (a), though under some circumstances you might prefer (c). U"i>|i.vru.;hl Ift:i7, NF.A Servico, Inc.! The spirit of Christmas is ex* ernplifled in a Polish superstj tion which holds that Jacob's ladder is brought back to earth on Christmas- Eye, and the tngels descend, bringing peace goodwill.
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