Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex. H Washburn Double Cross?—Let's Investigate O PEN speculation on our own community a.s to tho possibility of producing nearly 1!) million hales of cotton on tho acreage officially reported as being in cotton production, suggests to this writer the need of some official inquiry into the handling of federal soil payments. Jf any local producers have planted and sold cotton on acreage which the government at the same time was paying them to divert officially to feedstuff's, this community would like to know about them. Fraud writes it.s own ticket—and tho possibility of fraud behind this 19-million-balc cotton crop should provoke some official discussion. "•- "- " • Private Medicine Protests "Co-op" Move in Capital Government Subsidy Ma.y Cut Into Private Practioners Hope Star WEATHER. Arkansas—Pair, continued cold Thursday night; Friday fair, slowly rising temperature in south portion in afternoon. ONLY CHARITY LEFT Doctors Fear They Will Get Only Cases of the Jobless «y PRESTON CiKOVKIt Keillor's Note: The question of gnve.rnitic.nt prnrtieltif; medicine Is coming to i; Itciul attain in Washington. In (In. second of (wo articles I'restmt (! rover (ells yon of one phase of (lie rcvoltilloiinry (enilcn- rlf.s in the practice of medicine. WASHINGTON -All is not quiet on the Polomac .since 1.000 employes of Die Home Owners Loan Corporation former! H group mcdirnl association, hired five doctors to treat them and their families, nnd not a chunk of federal money to help out. The association provides fairly complete medical and surgical services for its members and families, together with 21 days annual hospilalizntim, for a top cost of $3.30 a month, $3!).fiQ a year. The idea is, of course, to Ret more doctoring for less money. The members say they will get more doctoring. Even frowning medical loaders hero concede they will get it for less— and that i.s the source of much conflict a.s the association pauses through its first month of existence. First off, local physicians protested that the $-10,000 lontribulion by die HOLC was an unauthorized federal sontributirm to "socialized medicine." i.-.' offit'iii.-, 'r«ifill!u that cost the Washington office $100,000 a year in lost time; if incrln.sed medical attention would redhce the loss, the cost would he offset. Doctors See Threat Second protest was that group medical practice would remove healthful competition among physicians and al- j f.u- HU7-.'i7 is an in-service teacher and low medicine to g ( , stale, would at- h.-i.-. until June HI. lll.'W lo join. All in- For the South nnd West are nt I his moment in a precarious position on the whole question of governmental aid to agriculture. The radical wing of organized labor is trying to force agriculture to support the wage & hmir bill, with Ihe threat Ihnl. unless such support i.s given, radical labor's representatives will block the farm bill. We are handicapped in this fight by the bitter failure of Ihe 19;)7 cotton control plan. A ID-million bale production in 1D37 makes cotton control look very costly to the government for 1!),')8— and makes it correspondingly easier for the labor bloc to threaten the senators nnd representatives of the cotton country for Iheir refusal to support the wage & hour bill. If the 19-million-bale crop of 1S37 is an honest one, nothing can be done about it. But if there has been fraud—then the fraudulent producers will stand convicted of double-crossing their fellow producers nnd neighbors. And the whole system of government aid to agriculture might immediately collupse. BlackburnTalks of Teachers' Fund Retirement System Executive Explains Features H ere Clifford S. Blackburn of Little Rock, executive secretary of the Arkimsas School Teacher's Retirement System, was the featured speaker at a meeting of the Hempstead County Schoolmasters club at Capitid hotel Tuesd-iy night. Mr. Blackburn said: "The Arkansas State Teachers Retirement System benefits all teachers, superintendents, principals, and supervisors from whom a teacher's certificate is required. "Arkansas is one of 29 stales lo plan for security of teachers and it is not qhYUic'linltdm'ufVhc'list by aijy'nioahp. But because thu Hnhua.1 ijalai'y average of toachferV. in Arkansas is so low, retirement allowance is necessarily low. There are. from 150 to 200 teachers in Arkansas who should retire next year. "Any teacher who taught, or had "leave of absence" from school board •I VOLUME .39—NUMBER 49 HOPE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 9, 1937 PRICE 6c COPY MERCURY ft ft ft ft ft " ft I Ik 11 •• ft ft ft ft ^ >r K w -K- K ####'<&<&## Japs Enter Nanking; Capital Is Doomed ' (l , . : , _ . ^*—^ "^ JK. t * ' Southwest Gate Is Seized Thursday; Expect Surrender Tanks S m a s h Through Last Defense Line of The Chinese JAP PUPPET STATE Wring Kehmin, Chinese, Called in on Plans for North China tract only second rate physicians, i service leachcis who do not join be- wouldw reduce physicians' income to! fore Ji;ne HI, ID.'iH will lose ,-,|l then minimum and, in the end. would | past service bencfil.s Teachers not in service in I!),'ili-.'i7, even though they have taught before, i.s classed a.s a new Icai-her and mu.st join as of beginning of ihe school term of HKlV-.'iX-unless one actually began leaching al some leave few but the pooi and jobless to be treated by doctors in priv-itc practice. Physicians were jrirticularl.v worried by a section of the group charter permittim; extension of membership to all federal employes in Washington. (At (-resent. membcrslup i.s limited to the 2.1111(1 HOLC employes. i The idea of 11!). 000 federal employes and their families—most of Washington— beau: SWC'I.L into group medicine would make Washington a medical desert for private practitioners instead of the lush oasis that it i.s. A Financial Squccy.c The association declines to say how mud. it is paying its five physicians, most of whom work full time in the group clinic. It can't be anything staggering. The income fiom membership fees i.s about $2,N(KI a month. That would allow mi average of $1(10 a month each for the five physicians, 511X1 a month for the seven nurses anil (echnician.- fmd ti bare scratching of SHI" a month for .support of the clinic and rental of beds and .surgieal.s in local hospitals. The salaries must be smaller or ihe clinic ami hospital expenses puny or the a.sMJCMlion i.s eating inlo ihe $ll),l)Uli capital advance,! by liie JIOLC to grl it started. -«» • «fc- Plan to Purchase Railroad Is Opposed WASHINGTON i/l', -Texas, intervening in a | nuccding before the Interstate Commerce Commission, said Tuesday many men would lose their jobs through the pioposed acquisition of the Louisiana, Arkansas and Texas Railway by the Louisiana ami Arkansas Railway. The state contended the consolidation would cause removal fiuin Greenville, Texas, to Slu-eve-i/url, La., of the general offices of the L. A. and T.. with a loss of $'!(KI,(KIU lo the citizens of Greenville. — 1» • 4to~- Celery in its wild state has a coarse rank I'luv.or and peculiar odor. date suhsequi lit lo the opening of the "Any teacher who is on leave of absence will not I.jive to pay money inlo the fund -neither will the stale pay anv money into the fund for that period of time thiit he i.s out of service. Teachers may be given leave of ob- •ence for a.s long ;is three years without afteelmg (heir standing as members, "Any teacher who slops teaching in Arkansas files a statement that he i.s giving up teaching, and will receive all money and interest that has been deposited by him but will not receive any of (he slate's contribution. 'I In. 1 I per cent of the annual salary of Ihe teacher is to be collected by the .'..-linol board, who lias ful (authority (Continued on Page Six) I5y the Associated Press Japanese tanks were reported Thursday to have broken through the dogged Chinese defense in the bitterly contested battle of Nanking. A Domo.i (Japanese* news agency dispatch said the tanks entered the southwest, gate of the Chinese ciij-ital, prompting a Japanese prediction that the ancient city would fall by Friday. At Pciping, reliable sources lold of Ihe arrival of Wang Kehmin, veteran Chinese financier and stalesman, around whom it was said a new autonomous government for North China would be formed. In the Spanish civil war, the comparative quiet of the past weeks was shattered on the Aragon and Madrid fronts when insurgent infantry at- j tacks were reported to have been beaten back by government forces. Body U, S, Dancer Found in France Jean D. Kovan Buried Under Villa Porch—German Confesses VERSAILLES^" Franco — (/Pi — The h-idy of Jean D. Kovcn, 22, pretty Brooklyn dancer missing since last July, was found Thursday buried W. Parsons Given Gold Football as the Best of 1937 170-Pound Guard Adjudged Most Valuable on Bobcat Team BANQUET THURSDAY Coach Fred Thomson of Razorbacks to Speak Here at 8 p. m. Wood row Parsons, stellar 170-pound guard of the Hope High School football team, Wednesday was awarded a gold football in recognition as the most valuable player and all-around student during tho 1937 season. Far.sons, picked by Hope Star for a guard position on the mythical nil- state team, was one of 17 players and students to receive sweaters during activity period at the high school Wednesday morning. Selection of Parsons was made by Coach Foy Hammons and members of the high school faculty. The gold football award was made by Miss Beryl Henry, superintendent. Coach Foy Hammons awarded red sweaters with while numerals and service stripes to the following: Captain G. V. Keith, Hugh Rccscs Persy Ramsey, Freeman Stone, Grady Quimby, Woodrow Parsons, Robert Jewell, John Wilson, -Jewell Still, Vascp Bright, Nobel Masters, Joe Eason Edward A-slin, Jack Fulkerson, Mack Turner, and jfludent Managers Ed-.« word Lester and Arthur Barr. / Banquet at 8 p. m. .-' The high school squad and coaches will be guests at a banquet at Capital hotel at 8 p. m. Thursday. The banquet i.s sponsored by tho Young Business Men's association. The banquet was originally scheduled for 7:30 but was changed to 8 o'clock. Approximately 100 persons besides members of the football squad are expected to attend. Coach Fred Thorn- to which police were directed by German emigre, aged 29. The emigre, police said, confessed slaying her and four men because he needed money. 14 Navy Planes in 3,080-Mile Hop All 14 Complete Flight From San Diego to Canal Zone ^ iv ^^ ^^.^.. Clou , d , viUil sen'of the UnVversity''of"Arkansa.s'w'iH be the guest speaker. Boyd Cypert, business manager of Athletics at the University, is also expected to speak. Moving pictures of the 1M7 Razorback team will be shown by Coach Thomson. Leo Robins will be muster of ceremonies. / SAN DII-XIO, Calif.-i/lV-Thc Navy's most- ambitious non-slop over-water mass fliKht—a ,'i,(ISO-milc hop to Coco S'ilo, Canal Zone, was completed "without incident" Thursday, headquarters here announced. Fourteen planes participated. 1. What Aiabic numerals correspond to Ihe following Hoinan numerals: L, XC. DC and M't 2. How n'lany cubic feet are contained in a cord of wood'.' a. Which was the only one of Christ's \2 Apostles who is believed lo l.ave escaped martyrdom? 4. Who is chief-of-staff of the United States Army'.' 5. Where is the U. S. Military Academy located? the U. S. Navul Academy? What are the age limits for entrance in Ihe Millitary Academy? in the Naval Academy? Answers on Classified I'lige *! Unlighted Wagons on Highway Prohibited by This Year's Law Must Carry Light and Rear Reflector--Wagons Just as Liable to Law as Motor Cars Are By Ihe Slate Highway IK'inmmciit In focusing the iilieuimn of the people of Arkansas upon the serious traffic accident Mlualinn. ||-,,, Slale Sj.fity Campaign being .sponsored by the State Iiigl-v-.-nv Commission diirnp November and December has brought to light the reaction of m itcrist.s to the presence of unlighted wagons upon the highway,; at night, nrlvcr-i generally regard ihe unlighled wagon the most danger- >tis vehicle that goes on the r In a letter addressed to the- Revenue Uerartmenl. but which lias been mined over to the Stale Police Department, one motorist complains that motor vehicles have been discriminated ac,air.sl as compared lo wagons, and that every driver of a wagon on the road at night nol equipped with lir.ht-s t'hi.-uld be arrested just a.s quickly as a driver of a car would lx> under like Hrriimsiiuice.-v ThU writer also cotn- phiiii.s of trucks parkiny on the road it night without displaying parking light.-. Many motorists regard both nl these praclices a.s various accident ha/./.ards. "Arkansas has one of ihe most up- lo-cl.ilc traffic laws of any state in this .••ectioii uf Ihu nation," declared James H. Ryne. Director of Highways," and lhe.se needs are amply covered, so far as their being required by law i.s cnji- iiTin-d. As cureless ,--,s people in Arkansas have been about these things in ihe pas!." he continued, "it naturally lakes the State Police and local traffic ulficers .some time to get owners lo in^all or provide proper lighting equipment, but there i.s no doubt but Uial there would be fewer accidents if people would go ahead and provide this safety equipment without delay." Wa/i'in.'i operated on public highways at night must carry lights visible 500 feet to the fr >nl and rear. Under Act Roosevelt Party Gangs Up on the Fish Maylie you think this is a hunch of high-powered federal executives about to hold a conference Honestly though, it's Just a bunch of (he boys front Washington a boerri the U. S. S. Potomac at Miami. Fla. -waiting to cast off on « fishing trip. Left to right the Izzak Waltons arc, standing Captain Walter B. Woodson naval aide; Assistant Attorney General Robert Jackson; WP A Administrator Harry Hopkins; and Dr. Ross Mclntyrc- scaled, President Roosevelt and Harold L. Ickes, Secrc fary of the interior. 300 of I'JIjy all wagons must also be equipped with au approved reflector un the rear. Trucks and all other commercial vehicles must also have reflectors on the rear. Vehicles parked along tho highway at night arc required lo have parking lights burning visible both from front and rear. Other special lighting ecjuopmenl is also required on trucks, and (ruck drivers report that iheso lights afford them a much greater margin of safety, Jis drivers of other vehicles can determine the siv.e of the truck and give them much wider clearance. Motorists, Mso stale that it is easier lo pass trucks when they have the proper clearance identification lights. Tl :s special safely campaign will continue during the month of De- vcmber, and plans are being made by many interested groups lo give a great dual more attention to traffic safety luring 1U38 than has been done in the past. Leaders believe Ihis campaign will aruu.se people to the point where they will do something positive in the way of seeing that there is better traffic law enforcement. Many schools plan to greatly increase the time given to safely cdiuxiliun. Speaks at Tcxarkana TEXARKANA—A brief address by Foy Hammons, coach of tho Hope, Ark., high school football learn, featured a full program of entertainment Wednesday thai marked tho annual "football luncheon" of the Tcxarkana Kiwanis club at Hotel McCartney. Mammons characterized the factors of football—practice, co-operation and facrificc—as necessary to a well rounded life in any lino, and he declared that many of the high principles of fair play found their ways from football fields into business. He emphasized the fact that football players worked as much as 15 hours a week practicing for one hour's play, and he speculated on the development of a business world in which business men gave as much thought to conducting their business. "Football is a wonderful medium," Hammons sjiid, "for it brings men and boys together, leaching Ihe men that spirit of fun. hard play and fairness, and teaching the boys underlying principles which they can well adapt to business or professional life in later years." The annual meeting attended by football players from both bides of the city Jis guests, was characterized by a guessing contest for the players themselves. Prizes were donated by members of the Kiwanis club. Prosperity Ahead If ItVLet Alone (j o vernment Restricti o n Hurts, Says Industrial Leaders , S. Purchase Is Asked for CottoF Seek Level of 12 Cents — Farm Income Up During 1937 WASHINGTON. (/P| — Senator Smith, South Carolina Democrat, announced hursday that a gorup of Southern senators would ask the government to purchase cotton in an effort to raise prices to 12 cents a pound. The chairman of the senate agriculture committee said ho would offer ar amendment to the (lending farm bill to require the Commodity Credit corporation to buy cotton until the average market price reached 12 cents a pound on middling seven-eights inch collon. NEW YORK—(/?'>—The National Association of Manufacturers Wednesday adopted a platform holding out a brilliant and ever-widening future prosperity for America providing future prosperity for America provided in- dusiry is relieved of uncertainty and excessive restrictions of government. Describing the things manufacturing could do for prosperity, the "platform for American industry for 1938" continued: "Manufacturing canuol do tlietn; things as well as it should, und as well as it wants lo, if it is shackled by restrictive legislation, burdened wjth excessive taxes, continually in doubt as Farm Income Gains WASHINGTON. - I/Pi — The Bureau of Agricultural Ecosomies estimated Thursday that the cash income of American farmers during the first 10 months of 11)37 was approximately 751 million dollars above their income for the same period last year. It estimated total income, including government payments, at 7 billion 87 million dollars this year, against 6 billion 33IJ million dollars last year. For Arkansas the figures were: 100 million 5(>7 thousand this year, und 79 million lli.'i thousand la.st year. Patmos Receives School Allotment To Get $1,000 to Maintain Minimum of Seven- Month Term (ConliiHKvl on Pnpe Six) Ll'lTLK ROCK -(/Pi- The slate board of education authorized the allotment of StiS.'JiiO lo 52 school districts fro mll.e equalizing fund lo enable, them lo maintain a minimum seven- monih term. Tho allocations included: District 9, Patmos, Hempstead county, S10UO. Sunups si-'i-'cial district, Lafayette county, IjilO'JO. District G. Bright Slur, Miller county. SGOU. District ai, New Hope, Pike county. $500. District. 'Ki, Plauwiew, Pike county, $200. District 16, Murfreesboro, Pike county, $1500. District 20, Cove, Polk county, $500. District 23, Silver Ridge. Sevier county, $,«10, 9 Die in Tenement Fire in Tennessee 7 of Victims Are Children —22 Persons Escape From Flames KNOXVILLE, Tenn.—W)—Firemen dug the fire-charred bodies of nine victims—seven of them children—from the ruins of a frame two-story tenement house early Thursday, Fire swept through the building shortly after midnight, trapping the victims as they lay asleep. Twenty-two persons, most of them children, fled to safety. Tho fire apparently started on the second floor, possibly from a defective flue, firemen said. State Police;and Arkansas Democrat Says Albright and Rhyne "Are to Go" LITTLE KOCK-Wr-The Arkansas Democrat said Thursday thai Ihe lat- esl statchousc reports on Governor Bailey's reorganization of stale departments deall with Ihe possibility of the removal of Stale Police Chief Gray Albright and his assislanl, Bob LaFollelte. Albright said Ihe reports were newi to him, and that he had no knowledge of any proposed shakeup of his department. Governor Bailey was slili confined to his home by a kidney ailment, but his secretary, James L. Bland, said he knew nothing of any plan to reorganize the state police. The Democrat said authoritative omces predicted that promised •hanges in ihe highway department, oelieved ID include the removal of Highway Director James R, Itoync. would not be forthcoming until at, 'east December 15. Horatio Alger, who wrote stories of \ow poor boys rose to fame, was the author of more than 100 books. Cotton NEW ORLEANS.— (V) -December cotton opened Thursday at 8.13 and closed at 8.17 bid, 8,19 asked. Spot cotton closed steady 12 points up, middling 8.22. Court Removal Is Rapped by Delony Washington's Mayor Attacks Proposal to Move It to Hope Editor Ihe Star; Having previously noted your fairness in presenting both sides of any controversial question, I am asking a small amount of space in your paper to present the opinion of some of the property owners of the county, not only in the north end of the county, but in all other parts of the county as well, on the current issue of the courthouse removal from Washington to Hope. On December 1st the Star printed a speech of R. P. Bowen, new secretary of the Hope Chamber of Commerce, in regard to the proposed removal. Mr. Bowen, a citizen of Hempstead county of less than 30 days who has never paid a cent of taxes in Hempstead county, declared it would better servo the interest of the people of the county as a whole to move the courthouse to Hope. Mr. Bowen is asking you, Mr. Taxpayer, to sigii a petition to put a new tax on your property—a tax that will be collected for more years than most of us will live. He is asking you to do this at a time when more than 1,700 people are oil the delinquent tax list, and 1,645 tns'pts of land are on the delinquent tax" list. Can you in fairness to your-fellow man say it would serve the best interest of these unfortunate people who I could not pay the present taxes to ' put more taxes on them, for a new courthouse when we have a good courthouse in the center of the county, and it is paid for? The way I see this, a new courthouse will require a bond issue and new taxes that I do not think the property owners can afford at this lime. A. P. DELONEY, Mayor of Washington. Dec. 7. 1937 Washington, Ark. Honorable Mention for Burnett, Jackson NEW YORK-W~The Associated Press "Lfttle All-America" football team announced Thursday included: Honorable mention; Backs—Burnett, Arkansas State Teachers college of Conway, Jackson of Heudrix college, Comwiy. Coldest of Year as Monday's Low of 16 Is Exceeded Fair and Cold Again Forecast Thursday Night and Friday NEW WAVE IS DUE South Scheduled for Another Cold Wave Thurs- .dsy Night Winter's most frigid blast sent the mercury tumbling to a low tempera^ ture of 13 degrees early Thursday morning on the recording instruments o£ the Fruit & Truck Branch Experiment station. The new low mark is three degrees under the previous seasonal minimum of 16 degrees which was recorded this past Monday. Clear skies and sunshine brought slowly rising temperatures to this section Thursday. The forecast for this area is: "Fair, continued cold Thursday night; Friday fair with slowly rising temperatures." Another Is Coming, Atlanta, Ga±-(fi>)— A new cold wave moving from the Northwest brought threats of hard,, freezing weather Thursday for parts'.of the South and fears of additional damage to fruit and vegetable crops. Much of the nation was hit Wednesday by,the worst storm •jf/the. winter^. ,4,^^,..,, -^4^^-f Bitter cold droppecrthe temperature to 26 below zero at Casper, Wyo., and this mass of frigid ah- moved southward toward Texas. Zero, temperatures prevailed from the Kansas-Nebraska boundary and most of Iowa northward, with 14 below zero at Williston, N. D. Snow end icy temperatures held many northern and central sections. Five persons have died in the South from freezing, or other causes attributed to the cold. The forecast called for colder weather Wednesday night, Thursday night over most of the South. Rain or snow' was predicted for the Carolines. Tennessee, North Georgia and possibly Virginia, North Mississippi and Alabama. The worst December storm in 19 years brought nearly a foot of snow to Buffalo. A 47-mile-per-hour gale piled up high drifts and crippled traffic. Pressure of melting snow, following a fall of nearly 30 inches, caused a break in the Paw Paw, Mich., hydroelectric dam, sweeping the ¥58,000 municipal power station into the Paw Paw river. County Turnback' May Match U. S, No State Funds, Judge Suggests Use of County's Money LITTLE ROCK-A move to interest county judges in using county turn-, back funds to match federal moneys for construction of secondary or "farm* to-market" roads was started Wednesday by County Judge Clyde E. Bird of El Dorado, Judge Bird said he would discuss the ossibilities of such matching \yith the state Highway Commission and the (Continued on Page Six) Dr. A. J. Cronin, author of "The Citadel," paid tribute to the medical profession recently in London and said his novel hgd been aimed only jit the praceice of overcharging people unable lo pay. A dread superstition jn Bohemia is that if a housewife should be so unlucky as to burn a cake on Christmas Pay, It is a $ign she will die within the year.
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