Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on December 8, 1937 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Wednesday, December 8, 1937
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- f" • C^Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex. H. Washburn Selfish Interests Flayed by Federal r, in Crisis Treasury Aide Blasts Congressman Seeking Untimely Grants D O U G L AS CRITICAL Liberty—SU11 Wanted I F you arc a middle-of-the-road American, believing in liberal principles bvit requiring that they be carried out along 1 tho committee lines of the traditional American democracy, then you will agree with what Amos Pinchot said this Wednesday noon at a luncheon of the Board of Trade of New York. Mr. Pinchot'a press release quotes him in part: "As we look back through history, we see that there is something vital about the democratic principle. Perhaps this is bocau.se man's love of freedom is really not an* affectation. Although the human being, when he becomes confused and frightened, is apt to turn for salvation to some alleged superman, by whom, by the way, he always gets ditched—the moment the crisis is over he goes back to his old preference. For men and women, and children, for that matter, truly and honestly do want to be free. "And 1 think we will find that, when (his frantic world settles down and people have a little, just u little, margin of security and comfort, they will turn to democracy. Even those who have deserted it—or have never had it. And the European mid Asian craze ! " r <l'Ctnlorship, thnl is to .sny, for power concentrated in the hands of a man, or a little group of men, mill peter out and come to tin end." •K * -k No government is perfect, and the noisy and cumbersome operation of the parliamentary forms of a republic make this particular kind of government an easy target for critics who prefer the rule ot kings, dictators, or intellectual bureaucrats. These critics say—thiil representative government is inefficient ;md wasteful. They say—that a democracy can't get anywhere in a hurry. They are eminently right—there are SOME PLACES a democracy won't go as fast as a nation ruled by one man or one group of men. The tecliousness of debate and slowness uf action, required by ma- jorily rule under constitutional government, are the very bulwarks that not only protect men against tho inroads of public bureaucrats upon private citizens, but also/protect ths institution of government itself aganst foreign enemies--. As you read these words, there are only three great democracies left among all the great nations of the world—England. France and the United Stales. Only three nations, mark you, where an editor can publish what he thinks, n private citizen speak what he Uiinks, about public matters, without running risk of prison or of losing his life. What are the "efficiency" defects of democracy when compared with the grave faults against human liberty found in Germany, Italy, Russia and Japan? And for the practical good that g.-Wernrncnt accomplishes for cadi " 'Individual citizen, tho American system surpasses all. If ils parlimentary halls arc inefficient, at least its constitutional system has permitted Americans as a class to acquire more automobiles, more bathtubs, more telephones, and more of the other instruments of civilization than .•ill the other peoples of tho world combined. Former Budget Director Blames Recession on President NEW YORK -I/I')—Members of congress unwilling to serve the "national interest" by helping to hall "untimely, uneconomic expenditures" and to balance the budget were denounced Tuesday night by an administration fiscal officer a.s unfit to bold their jobs. S'uch steps of retrenchment, said Wayne C. Taylor, fiscal assistant secretary of the Treasury, in an address before the Economics Club of New York, were "minimum national welfare requirements." "Tl:e president, the secretary of the Treasury and other administration spokesmen have stated vigorously and repeatedly their conviction that untimely, uneconomic expenditures in the form of public works or excessive subsidies to areas, industries and economic groups must stop," he said.' "Many of our representatives in both houses of congress have endorsed these statements, and polls of public sentiment have clearly Indicated that the country realides tho necessity for a balanced budget. Denounces Greed "We cnn look jit the future with renewed confidence ns we sec this evidence accumulate, but wo can be a liUlo discouraged wi\'n wyobsorvc the reluctance of. special areas, industries .*ttul economic groups to remove as much as one foot from the trouth or even to move over to make room for n really hungry fellow citizen and the expressions of those who apparently represent these special interests in Congress. "We must reluctantly agree," he said, "that any representative in either house of congress who is incapable of thinking and acting in the national interest when the nation interest is so clear, is not qualified to represent a section of this country in the House of Roirescntatives, or one of our states in U.c Senate.' ftlamcs New Deal Another .speaker, Lewis W. Douglas, blamed the Roosevelt administration, which hi> once served a.s budget director, for the current business recession. If it was "permitted to continue," ho saidw, "it may even carry the whole group of democracies in its wake." II wa.s a recession, said Douglas, occurring under utiprecednnled circumstances "in an environment wholly foreign In any of which tho modern world has knowledge." The causes, he .said, were such things as the attempt to "change the functions of the Supreme Court," and the administration's altitude on sit-down strikes. He said the government had rcguardcd "private cntrprisc as an evil, dishonest and wholly predatory thing," viewing "as a creature of illegitimate lineage and unholly intent" the "very force in society which can nrovidc employment." -••<••— - H.S. Grant Files for Congress Post Newport Attorney to Run for Seat Vacated by Senator Miller 'LJTTLK HOCK. - (fl>) - Henry S. Grant, attorney and former .school teacher from Newport, filed his corrupt practices pledc Wednesday as a candidate for congress from the Second Arkansas district in the prospective special general election to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Senator John E. Miller. 1. Are newspapers an invention of modern times? 'i.. Can you name a scientific folly? 3. What are the gaits of a three- Baited saddle horse? of a fivc- gaitetl saddle horse? \. How long a term docs a Comptroller General of the United States terve? 5. How many members are included in the complete College of Cardinals of tho Roman Catholic church? Answers mi Classified Page • . ( Hope Star WEATHER. Arkansas-~6enerallv fair and colder We dnesday night and Thursday; severe freeze Wednesday nigU> VOLUME 39—NUMBER 48 HOPE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 8,1937 PRICE 6c COPY RECORD COTTON CRO Roll Call of Red Cross Closes Here WithTotal Wayne H. E n g 1 a n d Thanks Drive Workers for Good Campaign QUOTA IS REACHED Bingen and Providence Gifts Listed in Final Report The Hempslend County Red Cross Membership campaign fund closed Wednesday with a total of $963.!)G. The finnl tabulation of fluids included reports by Robert McCltire, chairman of the Bingen community, rind It. G. Dyers, chairman of the drive at Providence. Fifty dents of every membership will he sent to national headquarters. the balance to remain in the local treasury. The membership (junta fur the county is 7fiO. One dollar is rcqurcd for inch membership. Although several persons contributed more than SI it is believed that the membership quota ias been reached. Wayne H. England, c:ninty chairman, expressed thanks to the Rev. Bert Webb, who acted as campaign manager in Hope, and to Reginald Bcarden and John H. Wnclc. rural chairman. He also expressed thanks to other rural i. hair-men and campaign workers who made the drive n success. Previously reported Calvin Cassidy R. M. Brian! Jewell Honcycutt .. ... Leland Womack Providence Itcport Ncal Osborn B. M. Haazzrd Zane Baton: in R. p. Byers . .:". Bingcn Report < Robert McClurc .......... „. S. W. Lane ................... '• W. H. Bryant George Wolff W. H. Harris ................ Jeff Wolff ,Murk Jackson ........ Fifth, bixth Grade School ........ S947.3) 1.00 1.00 . 1.00 .50 1.00 1.00 1.00 . 1.00 Complete Garland Property Deeded for a Court' Site City's Deed to County Made for Two Blocks Instead of One PETITIONS READY 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 l.oo 1.00 1.00 1.12 Total 59G3.1I6 Call a Ford for Trip to Robison's Free Ride Offered at Thursday's Christmas Event Opening Gco. W. Robison & Co. will begin its- annual Christmas Opening Event Thursday at its department .stores in Hope, Prescott and Nashville, acc;>rd- ing to announcements today. As a special feature of the program nt the Hope store, any customer who wishes will be given a ride downtown t othc store, or home from the store, or both, in a 19,'i8 Ford V-8—for Thursday only. The Robison management aimouncc that u ear will be .sent out to any residence which phones 500, and the customer will be brought to the store, j Or, those at the store wishing to return borne may obtain car-passes from the clerks, and the same service will be given. Tho Ford V-8 .service will be given nn Thursday only, and only at the Hope store. Transportation may bo had between the hours of 8:30 a. m. and 5:HO p. m., according to the Robison management. Plane Plunges in Housejiills Child Mexican Ship Fatally Injures Child of Arkansas Teacher AUSTIN, Texas.—(/ft—Leonard Albright, 2, and Captain F. A. Avelino, Mexican Air Corps pilot, were killed Tuesday night when Avclino's airplane plowed into the home of Spencer D. Albright in the residential sec- lion. The chilli's father is an instructor at the University of Texas, a former member of the University of Arkansas faculty, and former director of the Arkansas Municipal League. The body will oc taken to Fayetteville for burial Thursday. Cotton NEW ORLEANS.- l/l'j -December cotton opened Wednesday at 7.97 and closed at 8.06 bid, 8.08 asked. Spot cotton closed steady eight points higher, middling 8.10. Severe Freeze Is Forecast for Area Temperature Stalls Dropping Here at 1 p. m. Wednesday A severe freeze is forecast for this area Wednesday night, the Weather Bureau nl Little Rock reported over tho Associated press wires at noon Wednesday. The forecast: "Fair and colder Wednesday night and Thursday with severe freeze Wednesday night." After registering n "low" of 32 de- grecs for the 24-hour period ending at 7 a. m. ednesday, tho mercery in the official thermometer at the Frcit & Truck Branch Experiment Station began falling. From the .'12-degri-o mark at 7 o'clock Wednesday morning, the mercury had fallen to 28 at 1 o'clock in the afternoon. The first real blanket of .snow fell over Hempstead county Wednesday morning. Much of it had melted in downtown Hope at noon, hill in the residential area of the (own it remained quite visible. Wiiili'i- Chills Ncutli Winter chilled the South menacing fruit and vegetable crops worth millions of dollars, leaving northern New York snowbound and threatening shipping from the Virginia capos to Portland, Me. At least five deaths wore laid to the season's worst cold wave. Frost reached as far .south as the Everglades. Louisiana farmers ex- prc.'-sed fear thoir sugar cum.- crop wi.'uld suffer. Florida vegetable and hurry crops were nij/ped and citrus growers were alarmed. Vegetables in the Hio Grande valley were damaged. The New Orleans Weather Bureau warned that a "cold wave with much colder" temperatures would strike Oklahoma, northwest Arkansas and northern, central and southwestern Texas" Wednesday or Wednesday night. Savannah, Ga. had a low of 17,1 degrees and Jacksonville '10, the coldest weather in these cities since January, 1928., Citrus growers called out helpers t) refuel smudge puts, truck farmers ill-aped straw ami other coverings over tender plants. Schools at Miami Closed 'chools closed at Miami, but £upt. James T. Wiisun s-ii«.l clisses would ba resumed since I he low of 36 degrees Tuesday was not a.s bad as had been expected. Homer Bislur.', ]U, was frozen to City Council Clears Way for Petition for Courthouse Vote The city council Tuesday night passed an ordinance deeding blocks 18 and 19 in college addition to the City of Hope to Hempstead County for the site of the proposed new county courthouse. The latest ordinance repealed a previous ordinance which deeded but nc block of land to the county. The new ordinance includes the land of tho entire Garlni.! School property. Officials said this clears the way for the drawing up of petitions to be signed by the voting population of the county. The petitions are expected to be ready for circulation within the next few days. If the required voting percentage of the county is obtained the county judge will be asked to call on election. If the election favors moving the courthouse site from Washington ; to Hope, a second election then would be required in which citizens would vote on the construction cost. Police Report Police Chief John W, Ridgdill submitted his report for November which showed 35 arrests; fined assessed $265; prisoners assigned to streets to work out fines $108.50; cash collected from fines $156.50; trash hauling $85.50. A motion by Alderman E. P, Young, was passed .which called for the'pii chase of a abaci wave radio to be v' by tho police ^department. Cost of the radio is not to exceed $50. : Garland Darwin'appaared before the council with 14 signed contracts of residents of the Hope-Washington road who asked that a electric line be extended from the municipal plant to that section, Tlie council approved tho contracts and authorized the lines to be extended, subject to the approval of the Board of Public Affairs which decides on expenditures of more than $300. Tho firo department was authorized lo .spend $75 to burn grass on vacant lots throughout the city to prevent fire huzzarcls. During the month of November the fire department answered 12 alarms which were grass fires. Tho council voted lo give three awards for the best Christmas decorated homes in the city. The decorations will be judged on their appearance from the street. The awards arc expected to be in electrical appliances not to cost more than a total f $30. Treasurer's Report Receipts: balance November 1, 1937 -lope Water & Light Plant .. November Fines lope High School fra-sh Hauling ulC Refining Co Corporation License Lindberghs Return Home After 2-Year Exile; Sons in England .$1,908.11 2,000.00 .. 156.50 . 50.00 . 85.50 .. 31.00 .. 27.63 Total of Receipts Di.sbu rsemcn ts: Salaries Bills Paid "ients Cemetery Salary lospital Fee $4,258.74 $2,311.20 654.09 .. 47.50 25.00 25.00 (Continued on Page Three) Total of Disbursements $3,062.79 Balance in Bank Doc. 1, 1937 1,195.95 $4,258.74 New Plane Landing Gear Is Success May Revolutionize Aviation Industry and Airport Planning DAYTON, O.—(/I 1 ;—American aviation is about ready to set forth on a tricycle landing gear and in so doing, revolutionize not only the airplane industry, but airport planning as well. Maj. Carl F. Greene, head of the Air Corps' Engineering Procurement Branch, said that results of experiments wtih a three-wheeled lauding gear—designed to supplant the ortho- lox undecarriagc—already suggests mportant changes in airplane design, 'light operations and airdome construc- ion. Tests conducted on a 9,000-puund twin-motored converted amphibian howed, he said, that the ship, equipped with the tricycle gear, can be landed with less regard to prevailing wind direction or to the attitude of the .-•hip. than in the case of an airplane equipped , with the present type of undercarriage. Thus is suggested elimination of I'Continued on Page Three) Colonel and Mrs. Charles A. Lindbergh dine with C aptain James E. Roberts of the President Harding during secret passage from Southampton to New York. The Lindberghs, who moved to England after .the kidnap-. .; slaying of their first-born son, left their two sons In England. Apparently no one but a few Intimates and their shipboard companions knew, of the journey,' for their arrivi:! at New York was unheralded. ©Federal Invasion Fought by Doctors .- -v Government^" - G;o ; e i ead WittfrHOLC Ein- ployes' Aid, By PRESTON GROVER Editor's Note: The medical and political yorlds have been deeply stirred by proposals from nationally known physicians to put the government into the doctoring business. The American Medical Association bitterly opposes any such inroads. -Meanwhile, the United States government continues to experiment on the side with "state, medicine" hi barious forms. A new experiment has started almost under the eaves of the cap- Itol and tho government is sharing in It. Already a controversy is rumbling. Preston GroVer tells you about it in two meaty articles. This is the first. After crossing the Atlantic under the greatest secrecy, Col. mid Mrs. Lindbergh (he is directly behind her) hurried from New York to an un-. announced destination without revealing the reason for their surprise visit to this country, the first since they testified at the trial of Bruno llaupt- mann, electrocuted kidnaper o[ their son, Charles, Jr. Asks Army Retain Control of River Mississippi Planning Head Favors Existing U, S. Agencies WASHINGTON-W-L. J. Folse, director of the Mississippi Planning commission told the house rivers and hai-- bors committee Tuesday at a hearing on regional planning that the army engineers should continue to supervise flood control and navigation work. "Tho people believe the public obtains a dollar service for every dollar, expended by the corps of engineers," he said. He said reclamation projects should be executed by the Soil Conservation Service and the Forest Service, and that existing government agencies should be utilized as far us possible in any planning program. Visiting Is Art of 'Getting Along' Joan Durham Gives Some Advice on the Christmas Season By JOAN DURHAM AP Feature Service Writer The year's most extensive visiting season has begun. Examination-free students are hurrying home for the holidays. Long- separated relatives are planning Yuletide reunions. And vacation-bound friends are taking time out to strengthen ties that have weakened through neglect. H you're one of those young people who has been invited to spend the holidays visiting there are sebera) points you should watch. In the first place—find out how long you're supposed to remain. Then stay- just that length of time. Don't linger for an extra day—or even an extra meal. Other guests may be expected and your delay may jam the whole works. Take the correct clothes. Don't be afraid to ask your roommate, if you're his or her guest, what clothes you'll need in Providence. Or of your aunt in Muscatine is to be your hostess write and ask her advice. You don't want to have to borrow because you neglected to prepare yourself. On the other hand, you'll be unhappy if you've (Continued on Page Three) WASHINGTON.-A second venture into mass-production medical practice in which the federal government has a share has finished its first month in Washington. The new venture was launched by employes of the federal Home Oyners Loan Corporation. It is called the group health association and offers to HOLC employes a definite amount oi hospitahzation and medical care in return for a regular monthly fee. The benefits ere limited at present to the 2,000 employes of the organization in Washington. So far, about 1,000 have signed up. The Organization Here is the setup: If the employe wants medical and hospital care for himself alone he pays $2.20 a month. Aai employe wanting care for himself and members of his family pays $3.30. In return they get necessary hospitalization up to 21 days a year and medical attention from five physicians, including all varieties of surgery and medicine except treatment for certain prolonged diseases, such as cancer and advanced tuberculosis, yhere extensive confinement in an institution is required. Dental service is not included. Tlie federal part in the program came when the HOLC advanced $20,000 to finance establishment of a clinic and pledged $20,000 more fc-r next year. How It Works A sample of the liberal operation of the HOLC employes' plan is the treatment now extended to the wife of an employe. She was well along the way toward motherhood when the plan was started, but she received the benefits. It will require two or three years of payments by her husband under the group plan to equal the usual medical bill involved. And yet he is not bound, except perhaps by common decency, to continue the payment a single month after his wife's case is disposed of. A middle-aged employe with chronic liabets, as in anemploye's son who was found to have incipient tuberculosis. Complete X-ray pictures of his lungs were included without extra charge. All members are urged to go at once to the clinic for a compresensive physical examination since disease prevention is emphasized as a major pur- (Continued on Page Three) Final Estimate of" 1937 Shows Yield 18,746,000 Bales Largest Previous -, Crop iff); History 17,978,000, in 1926 1,830,000 IN" STATE Arkansas' Average Yield 1 -:! Per Acre Put at 287 ; " Pounds WASHINGTON.— (IP) —The Department of Agriculture Wednesday fore-.' cast a 18,746,000-bale record cotton crop ^' in its final 1937 estimate. Last month's estimate was 18,243,000, bales, an increase of 670,000 over October. The previous record was 17,978,o60fjS bales in 1926. Last year 12,399,000 bales ' came from the fields. < f The department's estimates of acre- yield and' total production this year included: Arkansas—Acre-yield 287 pounds; production 1,830,000 bales. The Bureau of the Census' ginning reports showed ginnins in running bales to December 1, for this year and last year: Arkansas—1,540,808 this year; 1,232,080 last year. MEMPHIS, Tenn.—<#)—Bernard E.^Grey, chief engineer for the Asphalt 1 Institute of New York,- said Tuesday night that use of cotton fabric in highway construction, soil conserve- ' tion and mosquito eradication, soil, offers a potential market for 100,000 bales of cotton annually. Thomas H. McDonald, chief of the United States Bureau of Public Roads, ' another Visitor to the eleventh annual * asphalt conference here, said there was \ afpotential market for; 10,000 bales an-,i riually for use in cotton quilts for, cur? 1 Ing concre'te'-paved "highways. " ' "*<| Grey said the first "cotton road" in,! the United States , built 10 years ago"' in South Carolina, (a 10-mile stretch) still is in first class condition. It has been maintained, he said at low cost No Neutral Zone in Nanking Battle Japanese .Warn Foreigners and Civilians to Leave at Once By the Associated Press The Japanese Wednesday declared there can be no guarantee of a neutral zone in embattled Nanking. They warned all foreigners and Chinese civilians to flee the capital before it became the scene of large-scale battle. Artillery already was roaring around the abandoned, city as the Japanese forces pounded at its gates. In Tokyo a foreign office spokesman implied that the United States and three other governments were attempting to mediate the Far Eastern war. The other powers were said to be England, Germany and Italy. Foy Hammons to Speak Before Texarkana Club TEXARKANA,—Coach Foy Hammons, of the Hope, Ark., high school football team, will be the featured speaker Wednesday night at the annual "football" dinner given by the Texarkana Kiwanis club. The dinner will be held at noon at Hotel McCartney with officials and members of the Texarkana football teams as guests of honor. On the eve of Epiphany, Twelfth Night, old women in Syria, go to the cellar and shake their jars of oil and wine. Supersti-. tion says that if their faith is strong the stores will multiply, 14

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