Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on December 3, 1937 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

Hope, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Friday, December 3, 1937
Page 1
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Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor • Alex. H. Washburn We Are the Specialists— You Can Chop Cotton T HE Black-Connery Wage & Hour Bill now before congress violates the principles of both representative government ami union labor, your writer told Hope Rotary club Friday noon. Every impartial man, recognizing the handicap facing business operators who try to be fair in a competitive world, will admit that the condition of labor can be improved in only one of two ways: (1) By self-organization of labor, or (2) by .government edict. It is ott r belief that 90 per cent of all industrial employers want to pay good wages, but a 10 per cent minority operating in a competitive world can destroy the best intentions—as we all recognize. One widely-held liberal view of the capital-labor dispute i.s this: That the skilled crafts, operating in the middle and upper wage brackets, shall be organized in their own unions —leaving government to protect the masses of unskilled labor by minimum-wage and maximum hour, laws. This is the formula that lies behind the objectives and the history of the American Federation of Labor. The AFL refuses to take direct political action on its own candidates, but confines itself to supporting the known friends of labor, regardless of party. But the Committee for Industrial Organization (CIO) is an organization for direct political action—the CIO believing all labor, skilled and unskilled, should be organized into unions, and, furthermore, unions that are tied up with .governmental bureaus as a potent political weapon. It is natural, therefore, that the CIO should advocate passage of the Black-Connery Wage & Hour Bill—while the AFL opposes many of its features. Let us examine the bill: Official Vote in City Primary Does Not Alter Races A b s e n t o e Votes Give a Wider Margin to the Winners 675 VOTES POLLED T. R. Billingsley Receives Highest Number, Can- Shows The official tabulation of votes received by the 12 candidates in the Democratic city primary election Tuesday were announced by the Central Committee Friday. Complete returns, counting absentee votes, did not alter the standings of the candidates considerably. The official and absentee votes added to the total of the winners in the contested r«(efl. giving W. A. Atltlns, incumbent, a total of 87 votes majority for rcnomination as city attorney over his opponent, Steve Carrigan. The official vole gave Alderman F. D. Henry a total of 57 votes majority for renomination over his opponent, Thompson Evans It would create a federal board of five men to he paid $10,000 each per year. These five men would he given autocratic powers to establish minimum wnge.s and a maximum work-week for all classes of people in any industrial plant in the United Stales. A specific purpose of the Black- Connery bill i.s to establish "as quickly as practicable" a minimum wage of 40 cents an hour and a maximum work-week of 40 hourc. To carry out this purpose the proposed federal board would have unlimited authority to hire investigators, seize private records, and to grant exemptions to individual plants in a competitive industry where a fellow plant might be made to live up to the full terms of the bill. In other words, the Black-Connery bill would give government the same life-and-dcnth authority over payrolls that government exerts over taxes. * * * It is this writer's contention that the battle over the Black-Connery bill is not n capital-labor argument, but a battle between the industrial and agricultural halves of the United Stoics, You will recall that in the whole history of the world our nation is the first in whioh both an industrial and un agricultural civilization hnve lived, and continued (Continued on Page Three) Ward 1 Ward 'L Ward 3 Ward 4 Absentee Totals City Attorney Stcvo Carritfiin 09 86 W. S. Atkins 140 117 Recorder T. R. Billingsley WARD ONE Aldcrnuin E. I'. You MR Central Coivmiitli-cman Kfi Van Sk-kli- 2M 198 ]2.'i WARD TWO Alderman L. A. Keith Ceil I nil Commitlceman Tom Coloniaii WARD THREE Alderman F. D. Henry I'M 94 T. Evans 103 106 Central OommiHePiimii W. A. Low is WARD FOUR Alderman C E Cassidy Cent nil Commit tfi'inan A. L. Taylor The candidate receiving the hiRh- ®— csl number of votes was T. R. Billings- loy, 1)75, who w.'is rcnorninated for a third term as city recorder. 237 202 715 51 239 203 124 237 201 124 237 199 123 80 44 239 199 124 238 201 124 239 201 124 31 60 91 91 90 90 90 38 45 91 91 91 13 18 18 18 17 294 381 675 671 668 669 18 667 15 3 18 358 301 671 ] 8 672 18 673 •MMp»«W|IHft i Hope Star WEATHER. Arkanuu-Ctaudy, probably occasional mins Fridnv nirjht and Saturday, ending in ivcst portion Saturday mormny; loarmer night in east, and extreme, south portion Saturday. VOLUME 39—NUMBER 44 HOPE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 3, 1937 ITALY PRICE 6c COPY Congress Is Near End of Third Week of Special Session No Part of Roosevelt's Special Program Is Completed DEBATE TARM BILL Senator' Borah Attacks Measure at Opening Session Friday WASHINGTON-(/P)-Congrcss ncar- cd the end of the third week of its special session Friday without completing uny part of President Roosevelt's program. Debate on the farm hill continued at a leisurely pace in both chambers, causing house leaders to abandon hope of a finul vote there this week-end. Senator Borah Ill-Idaho) unleascd his oratory against the bill at the opening of Friday's session. In a lengthy .speech, he said the measure would complete "bureaucratic control" over the farmers, would entail "reduction of crops at a time when there are millions of hungry, needy persons in the country." Backers of the wage-hour bill, second iteivj on the president's special session program, began a new fight to save the measure from revision. 'Critics were plotting to modify or defeat it. Red Cross Fund Is Near $900 Figure Campaign to End This - Week, Chairman England Announces A second report from the McCaskill community boosted the Hcmpstend County Red Cross Roll Membership fund Friday to a total of $893.09. The report was submitted by J. O. Harris. Wayne II. England, county chairman, said that he had not received reports from Spring Hill and Bingcn communities, the only two that are missing. 'Mr. England said the campaign would close this week, Saturday's tabulation in The Star to be the last. IO,OOO Chicks Flown Every Week to the Tropics, Where Fryers Are 'Too Tough 1 ' Central American Chickens Crossed With Game Cocks As a Result, Are 'Terrible' Food, and Poor Layers, Too U. S. A. TO THE AID Previously reported C. A. Hamilton McCaskill School Rcdland Model School Irvin Honeycult Mrs. M. M. Scott Glenn Eloy Andrew Walker Total $881.84 1.00 5.00 . 2.00 .25 . 1.00 .. 1.00 .. 1.00 ?893.09 Great Britain's national fire losses are increasing every year. A Thought The angels may have wider spheres of duty than ourselves, but truth and right to them and to us are one and the same thing. -E. H. Chapin. "Degree" for Drunk Outlined by Judge BALTIMOHU-H/I')— Judge Eugene O'Dunne of the Supreme Court listed sight "decrees" of drunkcnno.ss Thursday in an opinion upholding a murder conviction, as follows: "Under the influence of liquor (one drink or several.) "Insobriety. "Intoxication. "Neither drunk nor .sober. "Half drunk. "Drunk (including maudlin drunk, fighting drunk and singing drunk.J "Dead drunk. "Crazy drunk." Casting Office for Local Kid * Movie to Open Here Saturday 1. Arc icelv.ii-i's. composed of fresh water or salt water',' 2. Can an American accept a title from a foreign government and still retain his American citizenship? 3. Give u word in the English language which contains all of the vowels in the proper order. 4. Where is the Bunker Hill monument'.' 5. Can you give the dates, parties or campaigns with which the following .slogans were associated: "Tipjjccanoe and Tyler too." "Peace at any price." "A full dinner pail." 'He kept us out of war." "Back to normalcy." Answers on Classified l>uge William D. Putton, shown above, casting director for the local kid picture to be made here soon, arrived in town Friday to make iirellniinary arrangements for casting of the kiddies. Entries are pouring into the office the Sawiger Theater for the two-reel all talking kid movie to be produced here soon, using local children frum 3 to 12 years of age. The Saenger theater is sponsoring the local Hid picture which is to be made entirely in this city, using the scenic spots for locutions. Every part in the production will be filled by a local youngster. The Melton Barker Juvenile Productions, famed as makers of youngster movies, have been engaged by the (Continued on Page Tlu-ee) Pan-American Airways Determines to Remedy Mattel's, and Does BROWNSVILLE, Texas. — Yankee ingenuity and enterprise have created "out of thin air" an entirely new export business that rates in the million-dollar Icass. It is the shipping of baby chicks by air to Central and South America, and the story of how 10,000 peeping little yellow fuzz-balls happen to be riding the airway.s southward every week, is proof that there is still a human side to commerce and foreign trade. It all started like this: back in 1!)29 when Pan-American Airways first opened service down through Central America, one of the line's representatives ordered chicken, which is a staple of food throughout the countries to the southward. Crossed With Fighters It was tough and terrible. So he began inquiring. He found that South American chickens were pretty bad, tough to eat, hard to raise, poor as egg producers. He found further that the first chickens were brought to South America 400 years ago by the Spanish and Portuguese colonists. But they were crossed with gamecocks brought over subsequently for the national sport of cockfighting, and when later on in the course of political disturbances it became impossible t:> import nocw birds, the local poultry stocks declined in quality and number. Eggs were few and poor. Mryers were tough. Import of hatching eggs look too long; import of full-grown chickens were so much trouble that it was too costly to be practical. South American poultry stocks were going from had to worse. When the Pan-American man returned to the United States with the taste of tough chicken still in his throat and the memory of the situation vivid in hi.s mind, ho started to do something about it. He interested a poultry mtm here in the prospect of shipping eggs by air. In the fall of 1929 the first American shipment of hatching eggs left by ail- express for Guatemala. Only two eggs out of 144 were broken. The Guatemalan dealer received them fresh, hatehod them, and raised a successful crop of chickens that were head and shoulders above the local varieties. Then another brilliant inspiration came. Baby chicks actually weigh only about half as much as the eggs from which they are hatched. So the .shippers and the air line worked out a "chicken hotel," a corrugated card- hoard box filled with removable floor, Wiilcr and feed trays, light and air vents. Soon thousands of baby chicks were moving down (he airways southward, find arriving without a casualty, "'hoy .seemed to like flying. Taken Out for a Stretch Chirping lustily, they were stored in special compartments in the tails of the big airliners, taken out at night fur a stretch, change of water and feed, to resume the journey next day. But the final refinement was yet to <_-iiii»>. New-hatched baby chicks do not eat for 72 hours. Thus, one shipper reasoned, if he could time his hatching and his shipping properly, weight could hu still further reduced. A neat Within a few hours these fluffy, chirping, newly hatched Miami chicks will be on their way through the air to South America, part of the big export trade in poultry that has been built in less than 10 years "out of thin air." , , • Rome Newspaper Attacks Britain, France and U. "Baby Chick Flying Apartment House" was designed of reinforced cardboard, with replaceable floors, light and air vents, 25 chicks to a "room." Shipments, rendered cheaper by this reduction in weight, began to increase All the way down to Rio de Janeiro, 6000 miles south of Miami, went the cheeping little yellow balls. Others did the 5000-mile stretch to Lima. Peru, and through the Caribbean islands. To the South American coast went the American chicks, cheepinj! cheerily and fully enjoying the ride. Must Be Born on Time Special racks are now buiit into the Clipper ships to hold them, and they are "serviced" at stops just just like the rest of the ship and the other pas- .'engcr.s. Now shipments arc not accepted if chicks arc more than 12 hours old, each batch being certified as "born such and such an hour on Mich and such a date." So great is the demand that shipments are now made on a basis of space available" rather than on orders. Standing reservations are made for regular shippers, and one Puerto (Continued on Page Six) Federal Bureau Pays Dividends J. Edgar Hoover's Department Pays $7 to Every $1 Spent on It NEW YORK-l/Pi-J. Edgar Hoover, director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Friday announced "dividends" to taxpayers of ,?'/ for every dollar spent on the bureau. He said during the last four years the cost of operating the federal Bureau of Investigation amounted to a little more than $18,000,000. while it was able to return "in savings, fines, recoveries of stolen goods a total of more than 5135.000,000, or which is more than §116,000,000 above what ii cost to operate the bureau." To Lay Plans Friday on Baptist Member Drive All deacons of First Baptist church will meet with several chosen laymen and women Friday night at 7:15 in the Educational Building. This meeting is being held for the purpose of com- pletjjng plans for the Every Member Canvass of the church membership Sunday, December 5. Cotton NEW ORLEANS.- (A 1 ) -December cotton opened Friday at 7.99 and closed at 8.0G. Spot cotton closed steady two points higher, midding 8.12. Of the deep-seae varieties of fish, the halibut has the largest eggs. Eggs that have an accumulated weight of more than 16 pounds frequently arc carried by u WO-pound. halibut. School Teachers to Hold[Meeting Schoolmasters Club of the Coiaity to Gather Next Tuesday The Hcmpstcad County Schoolmasters club will meet at 7 p. m. next Tuesday in the dinning room of Capital hotel to hear Clifford Blackhum of Little Rock explain the Teachers Retirement Act. T);L> Schoolmasters club i.s composed of all male white teachers of the county. A. B. Woithington of Blevins is president. All members are urged to attend. Any other person interested is invited, but asked to notify Jimmic Jones of Hope or Mr. Worthington. Approximately 30 teachers arc expected to attend. / ^ Seized by Thugs Postoffice Clerk Is Shot The British £mpire consists of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Channel islands and Isle of Man, the Irish Free State, India, and the numerous British dominions, colonies, protectorates, and dependencies. in Illinois Robbery Three Nations Accused of Planning "Economic. Strangulation" MUSSOLINI'S WORK Britain and France Move Toward Strengthening Their Armies By the Associated Press ' An Italian press attack on the "Big ' Three" Democracies— Britain, France and the United States— and British arid French moves toward increased military strength were new factors Friday in the troubled search for Euro-' , pean security. , ' , A bitter editorial' in U Popolo ' D'ltalia, Premier Mussolini's newspaper, accused the three nations of planning "economic strangulation" of- the "have not" nations — presumably including Italy, Germany and Japan. .' The newspaper attack apparently is the woi'k of Mussolini himself, and seemed directed primarily' at the pending negotiations betgeen Great Britain and the United .States for reciprocal trade agreements. Great Britain Friday was drastically streamlining her army organization by placing younger men at the top to keep step with "modern developments of warfare." In Paris, Defense Minister Edouard Daladier disclosed that France was seeking to nullify th'at section of the Versailles treaty which forbids France to fortify her Swiss frontier. ' Jap Troops Withdrawn SHANGHAI, China.— (/P> -Japanese troops yielded Friday to the spirited i afemartds "of ;C&' CharrerF?'B^£H8et- ' Commander of the United States > "Fourth Marines, to withdraw from._a f portion of the American-defended sec- '""] tor of the International settlement. ' : Japanese troops had encroached upon American-defended streets when they took over part of the International settlement after an explosion of small bomb or hand grenate was tossed at a victory parade of 5,(X)0 Japanese troops. Japanese officials disclosed that Japanese troops had decided as a result of Friday's incident to cancel a second parade which was planned for Saturday. The line of march of the intended parade would have been through the French concession. State Teachers May Go to Coast Rumor that the Unbeaten Bears Will Play Fresno College CONWAY -m — Arkansas State Teachers football team, unbeaten and untied the past two years, remained in training Friday as talk of a yearend engagement for the Conway team on the West coast continued to circulate. Coach Warren Woodson declined to comment on the latest report which mentioned the Fresno State college in connection with a Christmas Day game at Pasadena. The peacock worm builds tall tubes in the sand near sea shores, and as the tide rises, it protrudes its gill-plumes to feed. LOCKPORT, Ill._ ( xpj_A gang of gunmen raided the postoffice here Friday, shot a clerk in the leg and bled with a company payroll reported to amount to about $25,000. Three reported robbers escaped in a truck. Luckport is about 30 miles southwest of Chicago. Crepe Chasing Florists Hit by Flower Dealers MEMPHIS, Tfiui.-</]>)—The Southeastern Florist Association convention adopted resolutions condemning the "crept- chasing" florist. The- "crepe chaser," it was sot out may, for example, enter a bereaved home representing himself as a "sympathetic friend," soley for the purpose of meeting the relatives designated to buy the flowers. Passenger Rate Hike for Western WASHINGTON.-(/P)-The Interstate Commerce Commission approved Friday a 52,500,000 passenger fare increase for western railroads. The increase m fare rates will become effective in 10 days. Early American Indians, con-? verted to Christianity, believed that on the eve of the Holy Day the deer fell on their Knees jrj worship of the Great Spirit, Shvppfay /. At! <$ •"•It n ••i * * . . fjj ~ 'is

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