Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on November 30, 1937 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Hope, Arkansas
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Tuesday, November 30, 1937
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Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ——— Alex. H. Washbuwi I Shorter "Freights"—Higher Rates Rich Rail Labor—Poor Cotton Labor Raise Hell, Mr, Wade Kitchens! COME of our railroad friends may fall out with us. hut \O that isn't going to stop our tellintf the truth about this bill before congress to limit the length of freight trains. Senate Bill No. 69 looked to be at first simply another one of those half-baked measures that are always bobbing up when the legislatures and congress meet. Apparently sponsored by the railroad unions, No. 6!) proposes to prohibit freight trains over 70 cars long. The bill's advocates say this would improve safety. Senate Hill No. GO looked half-baked—but then it passed the senate and went to the house; and so it isn't half-baked at all, but it is simply a strong-arm threat by the unions to make the railroads hire more men and make all the rest of us pay higher freight bills. The "safety" argument, of course, is crav-y. Divide a 1'10-car train into two trains of 70 cars each—and the risk of accident is doubled. Bill No. 69 is simply the ruthless exercise of political pressure by a favored group—and neither this newspaper nor the cotton territory is going to take this imposition lying down. Write Congressman Wade Kitchens today. Wholesale Goods Slow Down; Retail Trade Is Excellent "Watchful Waiting" Policy in Manufacturing and Distributing OCTOBER 2% BEHIND Department Sales for St. Louis District Are Near Peak ST. LOUIS.~(/V')—A 'general disposition in till quarters to await developments" and an attendant falling off of merchandise distribution and manufacturing activities iii the Eighth district during October and the first half of November, was reported in the monthly review of the federal reserve bunk today. "This attitude" the bank commented, "was emphasized by the decline in commodity prices on both spot and future markets and continued weakness in the security markets." Of the wholesale and jobbing lines investigated by the bank, a majority showed decreases in business compared wi-th tin; c ame irvrinth in- l!)3fi Among those recording declines were boots and shoes, dry goods, drugs and chemicals, groceries and hardware. Retail Trade Good "A relatively much more favorable showing was made in retail trade than in wholesale distribution," the bank declared. "October sales of department stores in the principal cities were slightly greater than in September, and only 2 per cent below the high total of October n year ago. "Retail sales of automobiles, while about one-fourth smaller than in September, were slightly larger than in October, 193G." The report disclosed that a further incentive to the downward business trend of the area wa.s a "sharp decline" in iron and .steel industry activities. It had this lo say on that score: "Activities in the iron and .steel industry declined sharply, reflecting curtailment of new orders being placed with mills, founderics and machine shops. Backlogs are being rapidly reduced, and manufacturers arc adjusting their output accordingly. "production of steel ingots at mills in this general area recorded a new low for the year at mid-November." "Production of bituminous coal at mines of the district wa.s 10.9 per cent larger than in September, but about 2 per cent below that of October, 1!)36," the report continued. Payrolls and employment declined from September lo October, liumpcr Crops "As a result of ideal fall conditions generally throughout the district," the bank said, "crop prospects improved further during October and the first half of November. Yields of till the (Continued on Page Three) Benton Man Gets a life' Sentence Herman Tollison Convicted of Box-Car (Slaying There *• RKNTON. Ark. -(,V> -•Herman Tollison. 311, was convicted of first degree murder and his punishment fixed at life imprisonment Tuesday for the slaying of Clifford Wortham in a boxcar here five years ago. 'Ihe jury deliberated one hour 15 minutes —-® The Star is going to keep tab j on this particular vote in the \ House of Representatives. The cotton country has had rough treatment on railroad freiuht rates for years—hut this promises to be the most nudarious ever. It costs a country newspaper approximately $240 to get n standard 20-ton car of papier hauled down hero from Can-ida. It costs the cotton farmer a substantial part of the price he ought to receive for hi.s product, because the freight on cotton is too high— and, believe you mo. the farm seller ALWAYS PAYS THE FREIGHT. Never has this newspaper been on any side other than lalx)r'.s. But railroad labor has no right on earth lo raid and oppress labor in other fields. Railroad labor has no right lo ask newspaper labor to pay the cost of urtifically creating new employment on the railroads—nor has it any right to hoar down harder on the cross that is already heavy on the brow of those who till the cotton fields for a pittance. Not all the railroad men are "in" on this deal. But there are enough of them to make Senate Bill No. 69 a real threat when it comes up in the House of Representatives. This is no time to stutter—but n time to raise hell. And if Wade Kitchens doesn't give hi.s own cotton country a square deal when voting time t-nrrr.- U wiltibe : thiii newspaper . that is first to remind the people. Deadline for Car Testing Extended 1. In cusscc ul u broken engagement should the bride return the gifts, if she abidet, by rules of etiquct'.' <!. After the flag of what nation is the Red Cross emblem put terncd? 3. How can one tell a star from a planet withuut a telescope? 4. Can you name the French cathedral, partially destroyed by shell-fire during the World war, that recently has been restored? 5. Why were the polar regions named "Arctic" and "Antarctic"? Answers wi Classified I'age State C o n c e d e s Several Cities' Eauipment Isn't Ready LITTLE ROCK—(/I 1 )—State Police Superintendent Gray Albright announced Tuesday a 30-day extension of the deadline for inspection of motor vehicles under Arkansas' new traffic code. December 1 had previously been set 'as the last day for inspections without penalty. Albright said the extcnlion was granted due to the delay in setting up testing sations in Mime areas. John Miller Is Given Assignments in Senate WASHINGTON -(/IV-JSi-iuilor Miller, Arkansas, Tuesday wa.s given po.sts on the military affairs, territories and insular affairs, rules, and l/riiiting committees. Hope Star The body requires day for nourishment. 3,000 calorics a WEATHER. Arkanstia-^Fair, UUle temperature chanye Tuesday night and Wednesday. VOLUME 19—NUMBER 41 HOPE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 30, 1937 PitlCE 6e COPY TO ASK COURT VOTE ft ft ft & & 'ft ft ft ft ft ft ft Would Slash Road - Aid to Balance Budget , <p ; : __ C5 Roosevelt Would Limit Federal Aid to 125_Millions Hay den, of Arizona, Promptly Attacks Retrenchment Plan 4 POINtlToUTLINED President Provides "Definite Steps" to Balance Budget W ASHINGTON. - (/!>) _ President Roosevelt asked congress Tuesday to reduce greatly the government's immediate financial outlay for aiding the stales in highway con.slruction. Asserting that "definite spots" are ncccKsiiry lo balance the budget, the president proposed in hi.s .special message the following: Four Proposals 1. The cancellation of the 2M-mil- lion-dollar apportionment authori/ed for distribution among the states during the 1939 fiscal year. 2. Spreading over the next two fiscal years the 200-million-dollar appropriation balance authorized for the present (1938) fiscal year. 3. A limit of 125 million dollars annually on all public ronds authorria- tions for and after the 1940 fiscal year (compared to a total of 238 millions each for 1938 and 1939). 4. Revision of the federal-aid highway law to eliminate the requirement .that the federal government apportion t othc various states the annual amount authorized for appropriation. The president's proposal to curtail highway spending met immediate criticism in the senate. Criticism Follows As son as the clerk finished the president's message on further reductions ih this budget item Senator Hayden, Arizona Democrat, long-time highway sponsor, asserted congress should not repudiate its "contractual obligation." He referred specifically to the president's suggestion to cancel the 214-million-c!ollar item for road aid fro the fiscal year beginning next July 1. Majority Leader Barklcy said he expected the senate to complete action on new farm legislation, the anti-lynching bill, government reorganization, and housing legislation before the .special session ends. Bnrklcy outlined "this goal" after a long conference with Democratic senators on the steering committee. The administration leader admitted hi.s pro- grain was "optimistic" in view of pliias to end Ihu special session "about December " for the year-end holidays. Doth house and .senate argued leisurely over crop control while committees in both chambers started consideration of the chief executive's recommendations for liberalizing the housing act. Fifteen Americans so abroad for each European visiting America. wimw^ m ^//U^TT^O-S It's Smart to Be Sober When JDriving It hardly sui-m.'i wci'ssar.v lo point out Hie danger of driving an automobile when one one has been driving. At one lime it may have been considered "smart" lo drive while intoxicated. The .smart thins li> do iiotv- uUays, however, is lo pass up all drinking if you are planning to drive. It doesn't take much liquor to dull the mental faculties, blur the vision and .slow duvvii reliction time. The drinking driver js a mji'uarp lo ||ic public uiitl his own yvprst Five Hempstead Tenants to Be Selected for U.S. Experiment in Farm Ownership This to Be One of 21 Counties Using U. S. Tenancy Funds Small Fund Available Forces Concentration of Program LOAN TO BE $3,500 Borrower Must Agree to Manage Farm on Business-Like Plan At least five carefully selected farm tenant families in each of the 21 shaded counties in the accompanying map will soon be given the opportunity of becoming small farm owners through loans and supervisory assistance to be offered by the government under terms of the Bankhead- Jones tenant lofin act. The counties were selected by the nine-member state farm security advisory committee named recently by Secretary of Agriculture Henry A. Wallace. The secretary's approval of the committee's recommendations was announced this week. A '• Selected Group The Farm Security Administration, which is responsible for administration of the Bankhead-Jones program, has announced that because of the small appropriation available for making loans this year and the necessity for holding administrative costs to a minimum, it is necessary to concentrate loan activities in a selected group of counties in the stale this year. Not less than five loans nor more than 10 will be made in each county chosen. Terms of the measure provide for increasing the appropriation for this work from the $10,000,000 available this year to $25,000,000 for the next fiscal year. This will allow spreading the opportunities to tenants in other counties in the stale as the program progresses. FSA officials hope to select tenants to receive loans find locate them on the farms to be purchased in time to make a crop next spring. Loan lo Be $'.1,500 Loans will average about $3,500, the size depending o n the type of farming lo be done, improvements required, and other factors. Enough money will he loaned each tenant to enable him to purchase a family-size farm of sufficient size and fertility to support an accepted standard of living and to make essential improvements. The borrower must agree to follow a carefully planned farm and home program based on accepted standards and practices advocated by the state extension service. Administrative duties in connection with the tenant purchase program havo been as-signed the county FSA rehabilitation supervisor in each of the participating counties. A throe-man committee of farmers will be named soon in each of I he designated counties to advise with the .supervisor in the .selection of applicants, appraisal of tendered land and similar details. ff f «„ $5,540 Taxes Paid County by 'Frisco Railroad Announces Payment of 2(/.> Million Total tax £T. LOUIS, Mo.—The Frisco Railway paid a total of $2,660,292.29 in taxes for 1936 in the nine states which it serves (exclusive of Tennessee i, a statement compiled by the railroad shows. Of this sum, the largest share —$1,085,469.i4—went for school taxes, State taxes amounted to $216,897.11, county taxes, $577,730.88; road taxes-. $382,512.59, ci'.y taxes, $233.675.29; special taxes, $139,420.57, and township taxes, $24,586.58. Of the $253,1570.24 in taxes which the Frisco paid in Arkansas, a total of $5,540.13 was paid in Hempstead county, including the city of Hope. Hempstead county was paid $675.21 for its general county tax; $1.174.87 in stato taxes; $405.13 fur county road and bridge tax; $2.430.75 in school taxes. A city tax of $43.42 and special tax of $810.75 was paid to Hope. More than 420,000 persons attend summer schools in the public schools and colleges of the United States. British, French to Seek a Showdown Will Enlist Other Powers in Cause of International Peace LONDON, Eng.—(/P)—Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain and French Foreign Minister Yvon Delbos issued declarations Tuesday indicating lhat they planned broad consultations with other powers looking toward a general settlement of world unrest. Allege Jap Bombing SHANGHAI, China— UP)— The French ambassador said Tuesday that Japanese air bombs had destroyed the Catholic orphanage at Hashing and killing 86 Chinese children. He also said 150 refugees, four French sisters, and five Chinese sis- tors, who were at the orphanage, were missing. The reports came as the Japanese continue their advance on Nanking. The Chinese defenders of the almost deserted capital were reported falling hack to a line 40 lo GO miles cast and southeast of the city, with the Japanese columns in pursuit. 100 Duck Hunting Stamps Sold Here Hunters of M i g r a t o r y Birds Required to Pay U. S. Tax Officials of Hope I'o.stoffice said Tuesday that duck hunters of Hope and Hompstead county had purchased approximately 100 migratory bird hunting slumps since the season opened Saturday. Hunters are required to purchase the federal stamp which sells for $1. • - -- -«>•«•»-- - .— _. Alleged Robbers of Bank Captured Arkansas Posse Catches Raiders of Springfield (Mo.) Bank ROGERS, Ark.—t/Pi—A posse of officers early Tuesday captured two men who Night Police Chief Walter Dean said confessed t o the $14,434 robbery Monday of the Citizens bank at Springfield, Mo. Dean identified the two at, Fern Moore, 30, of Rogers, and Aichey Hoi- brook, 35, of near Springdale, Ark. They were turned over to Missouri officers and started immediately for Springfield. New Ford Cars Are Shown at Auto Co. More Than 500 Visit Hope Auto Company Showroom First Day More than 500 persons viewed the first showing of the new 1938 model Ford automobiles and trucks Tuesday at Hope Auto company, Tom McLarty, manager, said. On display was a grey deluxe two- door sedan, fully equipped with radio and side-wall tires, one blue standard two-door model, one new pick-up and two new model ton-and-a-half trucks. From front to rear bumper, the styling of the new cars is modern and well-groomed, displaying a fresh approach ' in the development of the streamlined designs. Mr. McLarty expressed much enthusiasm over the new model machines and predicted the greatest sale in the history of the company. The public is invited to visit the Hope Auto company and see the new Ford models on display, Mr. McLarty said. Exonerate Doctor in Killing at L. R. T a x i - D a n c e r Retracts Story—Suspect Narcotic Ring Move LITTLE ROCK-The violent death of Elmer Graham Thompson, North Little Rock High School honor student, which occurred nearly a year ago, was as far from .solution Monday as it was on the morning of December 9, 1936, when the body was found under the Main struct viaduct in North Little Rock. Zelda Lou Mallums, 21, taxi dancer whose sworn statement accused Dr. Jol.n W. Bruce, as one of the youth's slayers, retracted her statement Monday and charged that a private detective and a lawyer persuaded her to "frame" Dr. Bruce so that they might collect a reward offered for the arrest and conviction of the high school boy's slayer. The detective is Dan Clark and the lawyer is William H. McGuinn, both of whom were held in the county jail without formal charge Monday night Both were employed by Mayor Ross L. Lawhon of North Little Rock to investigate privately the mystery of young Thompson's death. Miss Hallums' retraction resulted in release from the county jail of Dr. Bruce and Warren u'underburg, former operator of a rode house near North Little Rock, held since Friday night us a suspect. Both were ordered released by Prosecuting Attorney (Continued on Page Five) Light Vote in City Primary Election Total Vote of the Four Polling Places 359 at 2:30 p.m. A light vote was being cast in the Democratic City primary election Tuesday in which 12 candidates are seeking office, several of which are without opposition. The vote by Wards in a poll of the four voting places at 2:30 p. m, showed: Ward One—Arkansas Bank & Trust Co. building—138. Ward Two—Frisco depot—85. Ward Three— 556 Service Station—89. Ward Four-City hall—47. Total vote—359. The total vote for the day may not exceed 600, officials of the four voting precincts estimated. A Thought Prayer is not overcoming God's reluctance; it is laying hold of His highest willingness.—Trench. Cotton NEW ORLEANS.— (/P) —December cotton opened Tuesday at 8.09 and closed at 8.04-06. Spot cotton closed steady five points lower, middling 8.10. In Bohemia peasants believe that plucking embers from the Christmas fire and throwing them into the wells is a certain safeguard against drouth and famine in their country. 2 1 Shopping I IMi £j*i* Petitions Ready for Signing This Weekdays C.C. Secretary R. P. Bowen Outlines Objectives to Kiwanis GOOD ROADS, TRADE Paving of Highway No. 29 One of Three C. of ' C. Aims Three immediate objectives of the •Hope Chamber of Commerce were out« lined to the Kiwanis club at its luncheon meeting Tuesday non at Capital hotel by R, P. Bowen, new secretary^ He listed the three as follows: 1. Removal of the Hempstead county courthouse site from Washington to Hope. 2. Paving of highway 29 which leads through Hope. 3. Trade extension program for merchants of Hope, which is already under way. Petitions Are Ready Petitions for the removal of the: courthouse site from Washington to Hope will be ready for distribution .to the voters of the county the latter part of this week, Mr. Bowen said. "We will have workers to distribute these petitions for signatories of voters throughout the county and as quickly as the required voting population signs them we will ask the county judge/to call an election," the- speakerisaid. -"Location of the cburthouse site at Hope instead'of at Washington-would better serve the interests of the county as- a whole," Mr. Bowen declared. Work for Pavement "Paving of Highway 29 from Hope to the Louisiana line would be of great benefit to Hope. This is the second objective of the Hope Chamber of Commerce. This project will take time, but before the year is finished we hope to have something definite worked out. "Right now the state has no money for this project. Federal designation of the road would be the best and easiest plan to get the road paved. We, hope to have something definite worked out within a few weeks. Trade Extension Program "We want the Chamber of Commerce of Hope to be of the greatest benefit to the merchants of Hope. The Chamber of Commerce is the most-service institution of all commercial organizations. Its purpose, briefly, is to promote business. "A trade extension program for our (Continued on Page Five) 2,000 Producers Sign Applications Balance of Sign-Up Tour Itinerary Announced for County Approximately 2,000 Hempslead farmers signed applications for grant Tuesday at Patmos, Spring Hill, Guernsey, and Fulton, which represent the following townships: Spring Hill, Bodcaw, Watercreck, and Bois D'Arc—according to a report by Clifford L. Smith, county agent. This represented almost a complete 100 per cent sign-up for the four townships. 71ie following is a list of places for townships at which applications will be signed on Wednesday, Thursday, Friday and Saturday: Wednesday, Dec. 1 Nolan township, Piney Grove 8:30 to 9:30. Noland township, Beards Chapel, 9:45 to 12. Garland township, DcAnn, 1 to 3. Ozan township, Ozan, 8:30 to 12. Ozan township, Washington, 1 to 4. Thursday Saline township, Saratoga, 8:30 to 9:30. Caline township, Columbus, 10 to 12. Wallaceburg township, Blevms, 8:30 to 12. Redland township, McCaskill, 1 to 4. Friday Mine Creek township, Sardis, 8:30 to 10. Mine Creek township, Bingen, U to 2. Saturday DeRoan township, city hall, S to 5. The owners and operators should keep in mind that it is important that they notify their tenants and interested parties who had crops on the farm in 1937 to be present at the time the application for grant is signed. In the event any one failed to be present at the place designated for them to sign they may come to the county agent's office to sign up Saturday, December 4.

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