Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on October 10, 1935 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Hope, Arkansas
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Thursday, October 10, 1935
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' A Thought the brrt fortune of the goad rn* their tncc* up to fi*»ven; e jfowl fortune o< the bad I bows (hole hcft*» down to the cflt(h—S«adl, Hope Star ttst ml central foffiol, JffHt to heavy frost In »»rth and! Wn* tral portions thnrtday nl«ht> Friday fair artd W«m*r. VOLUME 36—NUMBER 310 MVHIIS AB.ioelatf.l t'reM )— MMUW NijWHpnppr KnlprprlKi! /\NH n HOPE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 10, 1936 Hlnr of tlopo 1899, Press, 1927; Consolidated January 18, 3929. PRICE 5c CUPm OF AKSUM FALLS FIGHT BLOCKAD Here and There -Editorial By ALEX. H. WASHBURN* F YOU were an ox-cart farmer and suddenly came into money, what would you buy first? You would buy an automobile. And what next? You would put in a telephone line. And then what? Well, you wouldn't be quite certain, but the chances are you would purchase 1 a radio. And if you had still more money and couldn't think of anything else to buy you would put in electric lights and running' water. These are the facts regarding all American farm homes, as brought to me "'-•-"•<•••-*"••— A,i«,!«Sat.-o4! rt n by a bulletin of the Rural (REA), Washington, D. C. Balanced Budget Is Certain to Be Main 1936 Issue Byron Price Sees Koose- velt and Hoover Making This the Issue FOG OF ARGUMENT S ocial-C o 11 s't i t u t i o n a 1 Questions Leave Average Voter Bewildered Electrification Administration Only 15.per cent of American farm (•Hiomcs have electricity—#5 per cent do not. Only 15 per cent hnvc water piped into the house—85 per cent do not. Only 20 per cent have radios—80 per cent do not. Only 35 per cent hnvc telephones- OS per ceni do not. But BO per cent hnvc cars—while only 40 per cent do without. It is natural, of course, that household conveniences should . be placed first and foremost by city-dwellers, while people on the fnrm put emphasis on transportation and communication.. Hauptmann Given Offer to Confess and Escape Death So Says New York Journal in Message to Condemned Kidnap-Slayer AUTHORITY QUOTED High New Jersey Official Behind New Offer News•paper Declares NEW YORK.—(/I 5 )— The New York Evening Journal says in a copyrighted slory from Trenton, N. J., Thursday that Bruno Richard Hauptmann might yet save himself from the electric chair by confessing to the kidnap- murder of the Lindbergh baby. The newspapers says "one of New Jersey's most powerful officers" has given thjs assurance. The paper told Hauptmann in a form letter, "You may yet save your- And yet there is no good reason | self and earn the ?10,000 offered for a in this clay of cheaply-generated confession and the naming of your why, By BYRON PRICE Chief Of Bureau, The Associated < Press, WnslUnRton '' The financial *poftclos of the Rooie- vell administration, its vast spending operations and its unbalanced budgets, are becoming the center of n political attention claimed today by few other issues. The trend gives increasing weight to the predictions of many politicians that, in the end, the dollars-aml-cents aspect* of the situation in Washington will influence far more votes in 193G than all of the talk nbout economic theory and the constitution. When the ordinary voter grapples with the constitutional issue, or tries to dissect and examine "the new economy" or '''the more abundant life," he usually fetches up at least in a fog of argument and bewildering contradiction. With money maters it is different. Many obscurities linger in the government's financial statements, but by and large anyone who can add and subtract is able to see whether the Income is balancing or failing to balance the outgo, and draw his own conclusions. Possibly it was in recognition of : this fact, that, within a single week, j Mr. Roosevelt issued his prediction | that no heavier taxes would be nee- ; cssary to liquidate the depression debts, and Mr. Hoover selected this sumc theme <is the subject of a speech ; regarded everywhere us the most im- pOrtant lie has delivered since he left the White House. The figures The latest official figures forecast he following situation as of Juno 30, Receipts for the preceding year, $•!,470,000,000. Expenditures for the same period, $7,752,000,000. Yearly deficit, $3,282,000,000. Total national debt $30,723,000,000. These ar the basic figures from which all calculations must start. They mean that since 192G (often referred to by economists as a "normal" year), the government will have gone more (Continued on page six) FLAPPER FANNY SAYS : * BCO.U.S.PAT.Orf. t QMEA ^ zlcctricily and federal aid in the building of transmission lines. 85 per cent sf America's farm homes should remain without electric light and power. "Too many farms arc behind the. •.imcs," says'the title-line on the REA bulletin I hdvc just taken my figures from. And Hempstead county farms arc luvtnor behind th'e times than the average for Arkansas. Some farm homes already have connections with tbe Hope municipal plant on n couple of short rural lines —but facilities are at hand today for a much wider use of electricity, right here in our own farm community. XXX Here are some high-lights from the official bulletin on how the federal government will participate in constructing rural light lines: 1. What will a loan by REA cover? Generally the loan will cover the cost of building a distribution line including the service line to the farm home (up to 150 feel in length) and the customers' meters . . . Consumer loans for wiring and appliances will be handled in another way. The Electric Home and Farm Authority will make loans for this purpose. 2. Will any grants be made? It is not the intention of REA to make any prants. The loan may be made for the entire cost of the project. 3. What security will be demanded for loans to build rural power lines? In the case of public bodies which do not have the right to pledge for such a purpose their Rencral credit based upon the taxing power, there is nothing in the REA policy to prevent the acceptance only of a lien upon the line and a special form of obligation known as revenue bonds or notes. In the case of private corporations and co-operative associations, the obligation will take the form of notes or Iximls secured by a lien upon the line or otherwise, as may be arranged with the borrower. 4. Who will own the rural power i lines financed out of REA'S $100,- j 000,000? , I Those municipalities, power dis- ! tricls, private corporations, etc., ' who build the projects and whose obligations the federal government will hold as security for the funds advanced, will own the lines, subject, in most instances to liens, pending the repayment of the loans. XXX i he purpose behind the REA. as described in prior articles in The Star, is to encourage the formation of farm co-operatives for the purpose of building li(.fht lines. I The private corporation thus formed | would seek a power-purchase agree- j ment with the nearest gcnerathm M«t- ! tion—in this instance the municipal i plant of Hope—and would then pcti- i tion the REA for a loan with which ] to build the rural Line, beginning at | tbe city boundary. j That's the plan—and it's something j that Hemjv i.ead county farmers should get busy on. Richardson Residence Burns on DeAnn Highway accomplice." Governor Would Cut Pardon Power Advocates Law Abolishing Parole of L'ife-Termers After 7 Years Where Italy Struck First in Campaign Against Ethiopia—and Next Objectives LITTLE ROCK—(/I 3 )—Governor Futrell said Thursday he favored decreasing the Stale Welfare Department personnel unless it proved that the services of all its workers arc needed. The governor advocated the passage of a law eliminating the practice of freeing lift-termers after they have served seven years or loss. Fulrell said he favored a law to provide that life-termers can not be paroled. It would practically eliminate the governor's pardoning power. The governor's comments on the welfare department were made on the eve of a session of the commission's executive committee. ITALIAN ARMIES ADVANCE OH THREE F/20KTV> ASMARA ITALIAN AC2MY A(3v\YOF NCfcTH ADVAHCES TOWARD ADDIS ABAfiW. CENTEfiflPMY TO oravE SOUTH MEETING EAwPT- AT RAILROAD. EASTERN AI2MY DENSE JUNGO.-E ADUWA CApTOfJED MAKALE HEXT/V\A1NO&- JECTIVE OP ITALIAN*/ 1 LAKE TANA /MOUNTAINOUS COUNTRY. OIREDAWA IMPOfCTANT CENTEfi--- ALL FOREIGN EfJ/ 1 ocjoeraso orr AERIAL &OMBING. ADDIS A8ASA MAlNOSJECTlVE OFITAHAMAJ2MY R2oM SOMALI LAND JIJIGA ETWIOPiAN/ 1 MASSED HEfi£ First week's action in the Uolo-Ethiopian war la pictured by the above map, which shows the points at which tbe invading hosts struck aud tlia other points wliicli are likely to be early objectives iu the advance of Mussolini's forces. 'When you crack a smile break the gloom. you Best Lecture by Morgan Thursday Preabyterian Six-Day Bi-! ble Course Will Close < Here Friday j One of the outstanding lectures by Dr. Frank Crossley Morgan, who is conducting a Bible conference at First Presbyterian church, is scheduled for Thursday nieht. Hi:-: topic will be: "A Revelation of the Prc-Requisites of Victory." Dr. Morgan will bring the conference to a close Friday night, ending a six-day session. The Fiev. Thomas Brewster. pastor of the chureh, announced that a special offering would be taken Thursday j night for Dr. Morgan. Pension Funds Are i UrgedtyU.V.C. i Delegates Take Action at ! Arkansas Veterans' State Reunion LHTLE ROCK—(/I')—Nine Arkansas veterans attended the state reunion of the Uniled Veterans of the Confederacy Thursday. The delegates urged the governor, in the event of a special session, to include provisions increasing revenue for the pensions of Confederates and their widows. Potato Prices to Be Lifted by AAA Monarchist New Leader of Greece Tsalclaris Resigns and General George Konclylis Succeeds Him ATHENS, Greece— (/B— The government of Premier Tsaldaris resigned Thursday, and the monarchist leader, General George Konclylis, took over the helm. The resignation climaxed a dispute over monarchy. As the Ethiopian war enters its second week, main lines of strategy of the Italian armies have become apparent, and are vividly shown in the animated sketch-map above, drawn by NEA Service Staff Artist George Scarbo. Opening tactical maneuvers of the Italian commanders, perfectly co-or- dinated, indicate that the whole Italian attack has been planned with the object of subduing the entire Ethiopian country, and the outcome of the Italian campaign may rest upon two major battles. The first of these engagements will be fought some place north of Addis Ababu in the rough mountainous country which now lies between the native regular force defending Ethiopian capital, and the Italian northern army that captured Aduwa. This general region is shown at the left in the sketch above. The second decisive action, it now appears, may be fought in the region near Harrar and Jijiga, shown at the right. In these two cities the Ethiopians are reported assembling a force of native irregulars estimated to number as many as 200,000 men, to meet a double attack of the second and third Italian columns. The second Italian force is advancing from the Red Sea port of Assab, around the border line of French Somaliland. As this column advances, it will seek to cut the railroad line from'Djibouti to Addis Ababa, at a point some place near Dircdawa, and possibly attack the rear of the Ethiopian lorce at Jijiga. But by far the most spectacular of the Italian drives is the third movement, coming from Italian oomalilancl on the east, 300 miles of driving through n . . T i /-vnn. ' vasTpliHcaux of intense tropical heat, roadless, almost trailless, and without \Tflr£k I Qlin llTTlPfl any lines of communication. This is the Ogaden country, just south of OldItJ Lalm VI Hit British Somaliland. Offer of $1 Per Acre for Tax-Forfeited Lands Gets Results Thursday, Deadline on City Street Tax Only 62 Paid $2.50 Lev.\ Up to Noon—Deadline Is 5 o'Clock taly May Move on Harrar, Head of Northeast? Wholesale Slaughter by- 1 ,. Air Bombs Reported on", *$ Southern Front LEAGUE TO BOYCOTT • Italy Unwomed, But WilV'S Declare War If Blockaded at Her Seaports Copyright Associated Press ADDIS ABABAq£thiopn- !all of the holy city of A Aduwa, before the Italian lie northern front, and wholesale kill-,. V'j ngs of Ethiopians by Italian air bombs '^ on the southern front, were annotino- V ed Thursday by the Italian ittiinister ^ and the Ethiopian 'government/ < ' ^' Emperor Selassie requested ij the,^ [taUan minister to leave at once, with '•• the recall of the Ethiopian charge d'af-' -, faires from Home, rupturing--djploi, matic relations between-EthiopiaSand ">• Italy. -,, ,-J >','# American missionaries 'm~-T2tnibpia(ji remained at their posts despite "VS&sh'-i 1 * ington advices that the? leave, te Bail Point Threatened f"*?$ WITH THE ITALIAN ARMIES AT*|' THE FRONT-(/P)-The Itaj% awniesj may move to take possessV <i«**1 . day, forcing Ethiopia to re' of Tigre province, now partly pied by the Fascist northern army. 'fj Blockade Means War GENEVA, Switzerland — (if) — Ari Italian spokesman told the Associated', Press Thursday that any naval blockade against Italy means waiv. Discussing the possibility that an ineffective economic boycott might lead to a blockade to make sanctions ' really effective, the spokesman said the Italians do not fear economic" sanctions because Italy counts on getting necessities from Germany through^ Austria. Warning From U. S. WASHINGTON — (fP) — Secretary Hull of the Department of State issued a new warning Thursday that Americans who deal with Italy or^ Ethiopia in any way whatsoever do SO K at their own risk, , •V> Fire Tuesday farm home of Clifford Richardson. eight miles north cf Hope on the De- Ann road. Virtually all household furnishings burned. The loss was estimated at ?1.000, A defective chimney was blamed. The fire was first discovered about 7:30 p. m. Hampered by an inadequate- water supply the family had no chance ty save the structure and its contents. night destroyed the ! Department Will I iii Spite of Unsolved Control Problem LITTLE UOCK.—More than 500 persons applied to the stale land offiee Wednesday to purchase- or donate tax- forfeited land that was not redeemed under Act IS of 103o, the emergency redemption law, which expired Tues- The land office was crowded Tuesday by persons who sought to redeem their properly under payment of the equivalent of two years' taxes and costs which attached in connection with the original delinquency. With expiration of the emergency redemption law, all state-owned land became subject to purchase for SI pur acre or to donation upon payment of a nominal donation fee and establishment of residence on the property The donation could not be completed un!il the applicant lives on the property two years. Many of those who sought to buy Hind under the $l-an-aerc law wen- owners of the property which had been delinquent so loii« that taxes amounted to more than 51 an uerv. Others sought to purchase properly which they had "spotted" before tl»' i emergency period expired. Land Commissioner George W. Neal i Tne Italian force making this lo-ig march will eventually face the Ethiopian army assembling in the highlands south of the railroad at Jijiga and Harrar. . . On all three fronts ,the Italian tactics are much the same. Comparatively large air forces si-out ahead, bombing villages as they go. Behind the planes come the light tanks and patrols of Italian colonial troops, natives of Eritrea and other African possessions. Then comes the regular Italian infantry, followed by engineers whose terrific task it is to build roads for the motor supply trains that must follow and kcp pace with the advancing combatants. The Ethiopians have not yet begun to show resistance, and they have had little if any chance against aircraft, tanks, and machine guns of the vastly butter armed forces of Italy. ., . , 1'he natives 'one chance seems to lie m the vast roadless mountain country ; where the Italian supply trams may find the going impossible, and where the , natives may find their salvation in-ambush and "uncivilized warfare. j Given Lifefern Bobcats to Meet ; for Killing Wife El Dorado Friday Sixty-two persons had paid stree tox at noon Thursday as the deadlin neared for the $2.50 assessment. City Treasurer Charles Reynersoi announced that his office would re main open until 5 p. m. Thursday fo the collection of the tax. Whether a penalty would be attached after Thursday was not announced by officials. Chief of Police John W. Ridgdill has warned that the tax would be collected this year and is preparing to take action against citizens who fail to pay. According to Chief Ridgdill, those eligible to pay tax are citizens living inside the city limits, and ranging in age from 18 to 45. Vice-President to Pay Japan a Visit! WASHINGTON-(/IV-An authoritative .source disclosed Thursday that the AAA is drafting tentative plan to inciTi'.sc the price of the 1935 potato crop, although the difficulties over tax control of this crop are fur from solved. W. M. Martin Uuilty of Murder—Wife's Body Found in Dredge Ditch HAHR.". C I3UHG. Ark.- (/!') -W M. Martin. OS. of Trumann. was convicted early Thur.'-day and scnluieed to life impriM'iimciil in the death of his wife last AURU.-I. 'I'll'.- Puinsell county jury rcaclu-d its verOici aft r an hour's deliberation. Mrs. Martin's body was found in .1 drcduc diU'h a week after she disap- Many Fans to Accompany Team on Its Invasion . of Oil Metropolis The El Dorado High School Wildcats, stale champions a few years back, an up-and-coming aggregation that Ar- Garner Will by Empire En Route to Philippine Island By GLENN BABB Associated 1'rcss Correspondent TOKYO— (ft>)— Because the Japanese government is determined to pay him all the honors due the official who stands next to the President of the United States, any hopes Vice Prcsi- Copyright Associated Press GENEVA, Switzerland — (&)— The League of Nations assembly gave overwhelming approval Thursday to the council's condemnation of Italy for its war on Ethiopia—meaning worldwide punishment of the Fascist nation through sanctions. Most of the League powers pledged themselves either openly or by silent acquiescence to the policy of sanctions. Only Italy, Austria and Hungary, of the 54 nations represtnted, announced non-acceptance of the council's report against Italy. League officials said this meant at least 50 nations endorsed the verdict of war guilt. Anthony Eden, of England, said the League now faced the task of action. Fighting Resumed PARIS, France— (A 1 )— Dispatches to the Paris Soir from the Eritrean front said Wednesday that fighting is general throughout the northern Ethiopian sector with 300,000 troops engaged in a guadrangle formed by Odi Urgi and Adi Kaie, in Eritrea and Adigrat and Aksum, in Ethiopia. The fiercest fighting, said the dist patches, was on the outskirts of Ak- sum which was reported encircled by Italian columns but not yet captured because of the heavy fire of Ethiopian sharpshooters hidden in hills commanding the city. The dispatches also said an Ethior pian plan to cut the Eritrean railroad at Massaua collapsed when attacks at Adi Agri und Adi Kaie were repulsed. , What was described as a third attack j on Adigrat. which is in Italian hands, I was said to have failed. 1 loow as a formidable team Uansj.s football this season. That is the opinion of Coach Allen Dunaway who stopped here Wednts- da.v night with bis Pine Bluff Zebras no route to Port Arthur, Texas. required to catch up with clerical j b|. o i u , 'work in connection with last minute' redemptions and that applications to i purchase or donate could not be handled until w check of the redemption records shows whether the particular , property is subject to sale or donation. n Dub-ml reported iillcg- Coach Dunaway stopped for a slurt arrels betwec-n Martin and his ! visit with Coach Foy Hammons. Dunand said friends declared Mrs. f away was an assistant coach undei , had been beaten and frighten- j Hammons at Pme Bluff several years Ix3o7um^~n~page six) j (Continued on page six) dent John Nance Garner may have j Tuesday night, the Soir's report said, had of avoiding fu*> ami formality. Ethiopians attempted to recapture silk hats and stiff collors in his pas- Aduwa and were thrown back after sage through Japan late this month j three attacks, the battle lasting until are doomed to disappointment. j Mr. Garner, whose adherence to the j simple, informal ways of his Texas home is proverbial, will visit Japan in his way to Manila, where he will Austria With Italy GENEVA — (/P.) — Tw-3 of Italy's neighbors and sympathizers, Austria and Hungary Wednesday night threw a monkey wrench into League of Na- clawn with heavy Ethiopian losses. Large numbers of Italian wounded, the dispatches suid, were being moved to the rear. it tend the inauguration November 15 if Manuel Quezon as first President ' I of the Philippines Commonwealth. ! Traveling with him on the liner \ President Grant, due at Yokohama | October 25, will be a congressional | delegation of about 50, including I Speaker Joseph W. Byrns, and chair- i . .ions' ™c huicry Uon* agai nrt U Austua and for w (Continued on page six) I (Continued on page six)

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