Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor • Alex, H. Washbowi Telegraph—But No Cipher A NTHONY EDEN, spokesman for Great Britain, says today that when the signatories to the nine-power non- aggressiwn treaty meet in Brussels next Saturday in an attempt to end the Chinese-Japanese war his country "will go exactly as far as the United States." That will be only a very moderate distance. The role of a peace-maker, if pursued to the bitter end, involves the peace-maker himself in the fight he proposed to pacify- Looking over the world situation, there is no reason to suppose that the United States will be any more eager to involve itself in a war in Asia than in a war in Europe. The public i.s violently outspoken against our getting into a lOuropean war, speaking from personal experience back in IM17-18. The American public now clearly recognizes Europe to be a pit of eternal warfare, which not even the money and man-power of the West can remedy by intervening on either one side or the other. If American sentiment appears to lean strongly toward the Chinese side—and it does—that should not mean that we are likely to plunge into war any more quickly on the Pacific side than on the Atlantic. For Asia's problems arc, if anything, more complex and insoluble than Europe's. China i.s frankly Star WEATHER. Arkansas — Cloudy, probably showers in east portion Monday night and Tuesday, colder northwest Monday; colder Tuesday, t, 10 Candidates File for City Primary ElectionNov. 30th 3 Seek Attorneyship: Atkins, Weisenberger and Carrigan ALDERMANIC TILTS Contests Loom for City Council in Wards One and Throe VOLUME ,39—NUMBER 16 HOPE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, NOVEMBER 1, 1937 PRICE 6c COPY CONTROL VOLUNTA One Killed, Six Hurt in Local Collision Ten candidates will seek office in the City Democratic primary election Tuesday. November 30. The deadline for filing party pledges and paying fees expired at midnight Saturday. Offices to be filled are city attorney, city clerk, and one alderman from each of the four wards. Three candidates announced for the office of city attorney. W. S. Atkins, the incumbent, is opposed by Steve Carrigan and Hnyce Weisenberger. T. U. Billingsley announced for the office of city clerk. He is seeking his fourth term. He is unopposed. In the aldermanic race, r E. F. Young, who is seeking a second term from Ward One. is opposed by Jimmio L. Anderson. In Ward Two L. A. Keith is seeking a fourth teem without opposition. '"In Ward Three, F. D. Henry i.s opposed for a third term by Tom Evans. C. K. Ca.ssidy is without opposition for 11 second term in Ward Four. Voting precincts for the four wards will he located as follows: Ward One- Arkansas Bank & Trust Co., building. Ward Two Frisco passenger sta- liou. Ward Three- fiM Service .station. Ward Four--City Hall. 172 Meet Death on the Highways is frany invaded and despoiled by the Japanese, and we .sentimental Americans, always quick to overlook our own shortcomings in Mexico and Central America, express our sympathy for China and our hatred for Japan. But we do not know the intricate situation in Asia. History (ells u.s that while the Japanese ,-md Cliine.se quarrel among themselves the Japs have only one neighbor they really fear —anil thai is Russia. Tbe Jajjiini'se have consistently maintained that, unbeknowcst to the Western world. Russia has penetrated China and spread a Bolshevist doctrine that is imperiling not only Japan's military position but the very foundations of our domestic affairs. Japan is the most absolute Fascist government on earth, just as Russia is the most absolute Bolshevist. We don't know what Russia's plans are in Asia—and we don't know bow great Japan's fear is. If the Japanese are only bluffing, the United States might intervene. But if the Japanese are shaking the truth—we will' find ourselves dealing with a united nation fighting for self-prc.serVatfon. You had as .soon walk into a den of wildcats. The average American wouldn't know a thing about all this if somo inventive genius in our own tribe hadn't discovered the electric telegraph. Mr. Morse, unfortunately, didn't furnish us with a cipher for all the problems that his telegraph wire was to disclosu to us. Demonstration in Modern Farming I). W. Lee to Be at Mt. Hebron Nov. 4, and Churchill Nov. 5 Seven Youths Killed Mountain Crash in Alabama in Mrs. A, J. Vaught, Shreveport, Dead; H, White Is Hurt Shreveport, Home Families Collide While Passing Wagon NORTH, LEWISVILLE Mr. and Mrs. White Escape With Slight Injury One person was killed and six others injured, four from Hope, in a head-on collision between two automobiles three miles north of Lewisvillc on Highway 29 nl 7 p. m. Sunday. Mrs. A. J. VaugV. uf Shreveport, was fatally injured. Mrs. J. M. Todd and baby, also of Shrcveporl and who wore riding in the Vauglit car, were injured. Mr. mid Mrs. Hatloy White and a son and daughter of Hope, were injured. A second son of tbe Whites esca)>cd injury. Mr. White was brought to Julia Chester hospital at Hope where a physician said he sustained a fractured nose, a cut over the forehead, scratches and bruises about the body. It was reported Monday from the hospital that he was not critically hurt. Mrs. White, son and daughter, sustained cuts and bruises about tbe body. They arc not seriously hurt. They arc at their home on North Elm street. Mrs. Todd and baby of Shreveport were given medical attention at/ * doctor's office at Lewisville and then were taken to their home at Shrcve- |x>rt. According to reports, the White family was returning to Hope from a visit in Magnolia. Tbe Vaught car was headed south toward Shreveport. In allcmptinK to pass a wagon loaded with negroes, the cars collided. The White car, a new sedan, was badly damaged, as was tbe Vauglit car. Quintuplets Amaze Scientists as Most "Identical" Children in World History Their Resemblance Makes Miracle of Birth Stranger Even Their Fingerprints Confuse Scientific Experts SCIENCE IN STUDY Quins More Identical Than Most "Identical" Twins EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the first of seven articles telling for the first time what science has been alilc (o leant about the Dl- oiinc quintuplets. Tlic articles are based on scientific papers read before ,'IIM) Canadian a»d American scientists jit u special meeting in Toronto, 15y the Associated Press At IcaM 172 persons died in auUi accidents on the nation's highways over I he week-end. Srvi'ii young persons were killed in Alabama when an automobile plunged from a mountain road near Huntsvillc into a ravini'. A young mother and her two children were killed ill Wf.sl I'oint, Vil.. as ;\ train crashed into their car at a crussing. In California, six fatalities of M were in hit-run accidents. The death toll by .slates follows: Ala- bam.i, !l; AriMiiui, !); Arkansas, 4; California, 11; Colorado, 1; Connecticut, 2; Florid.i, 'i\ Georgia, 'i; Illinois, 8; Indiana, li; Iowa. 'J; Kansas, 2; Louisiana, 'I, Main, 'i: Ma.s.sai'lm.sult.s, •!; Michigan, 10; Minnesota, 4; Missouri, •); Montana, 2\ Nebraska, ,'j; New Hamp- .shine. I; New Jersey, 7; New Mexico, ;i; Ni-w York, 15; Ohio, 18; Pennsylvania. II; Dhudc Island, 1; Tennessee, •1; Texas, 7; Virginia, S; Wisconsin, 4. "WatchfoFCars Clutter London Puddle-Jumpers Measure Only 10 to 12 Feet Length U.v WILLIAM McGAI'TIN A I' I'Valiiru Service Writer U/NDON. It's like ruling u buttle to creep down the Strand in one of tbe new British 4-cylindcr, "watcbfob" cars. Thiv.e little puddle-jumpers measure only 111 to 12 feel from bumper to liumper, are mily about four feel wide and so low thai an average-height man almost lias to bend double to enter. There arc 1 probably as many cars in tin.- Slrand thi.s .si/.e, however, us biyyor onus. Like their biy brothers, the new model babies aren't much diferent from last year's. They may be a bit more "swooping" in design but British streamline i.s still miles behind American. Arc Koumlvr Instead of design, such prosaic points as comfort and safety are getting the ballyhoo. And it's about lime, what with nar- D. W. Lcc, movable school agricultural agent, will be in Hempslcad county November 4 and 5 for the purpose of giving agricultural demonstrations. Mr. Lee- will visil Ml. Hebron community November 4, and Churchill community November 5. Demonstrations will start at 10:30 a. m. daily. Mr. Lee is stressing proper care of orchards, planting winter cover crops, soil building, proper storage of farm products, and the best methods of butchering and curing meats on the farm. Negro Elimination Contest Tuesday Night Musical and oratorial elimination contests for negro students in schools of the Hope special district will be held this Tuesday night at Verger High School. Elimination contests for the county will be held November li, tile winners then will compete in a district contest comprising nine counties. The date for the district contest will be announced later, J. 11. Harris of the Verger School faculty announced. (Continued on Pago Three) Bulletins UTTLK KOCH.— (/P)— Mrs. Mary (iniyswi of Arkadelphia resigned Momljiy us deputy secri'tury of .•.laic, a position she had belli since January. Secretary uf State C, («. Haiti said she gave no reason for bur action but asked to In; relieved from duty Monday. Mrs. (irayson declined to comment. Shu said published reports (hat she was considering running for secretary of state next year were "unfounded." She did not say whether these reports influenced her decision to resign. Harriman Now Is Selling Motors Once-Powerful New York Banker Auto Salesman at 71 NEW YORK—I/I 1 )—Joseph W. Hariman, once president of Ihc bank he founded and gave his name but now a federal parolee, has started a new career at the age of 71 a.s an automobile salesman at $2f> a week and commissions. His job was disclosed when Frederick V. Gocss, receiver for the de- di'funct Harriman National bank, brought suit against him to coni]>el assignment of eight life insurance policies totaling $378,000. Harriman refused Sunday to discuss his job or Ihc suil. On parole after .serving 2,i month;; of a four and one-half-year sentence for misapplying hank funds, he is required by the parole- law to show gainful employment. Outstanding against bis modest salary are millions of dollars in judgments and suits brought in connection with the failure of his bank. Claims against the bank totaled $16,266,207, of which $12,400,000 has been paid. Harriman was born heir to millions. At Ifi, he became a bank clerk, at 35 a member of his father's private banking firm.and at 45 founder uf his own bank, which failed to reopen after the national banking holiday in 1933. JACKSON, Miss.—i/IV—I)r. Duii- Imr Kuwluud, 73, founder and di- icclor uf (he- J>Ji.-.sis.si|)|>i lU'jmrt- mi'iit of isrcliivcs and history, iliucl .Monday. AKKAD-EUMIIA, Ark.—(/!')—The Missouri Pacific's Sunshine Special Monday struck, a motor transport which had lodged on the right- uf-wuy here due to u broken axle. None was injured, but a 35-minule delay resulted, and the train's locomotive was damaged slightly. MTTLE KOC'K-(/I J i-J. Kossw Vuiif.'blf, -18, Wwld war veteran, f< rmully announced Monday he ivould be a candidate for the senate in the 1938 OunocraUc primary, offering for (he si-at now held by Hnttle W. Caraway. When George Meredith was reading manuscripts for an nglish publisher, he recommended the rejection of Thomas Hardy's work. 1. Why should eggs not be washed until just before using? 2. Give the name of a President of United States whose last name began with the letter "P." 3. If il is noon in New York, eastern daylight saving time, w(iat time is il in Hollywood, by Pacific standard time'.' 4. When viewed in a mirror wl.ich of Ihe following words will appear Ihc same as when seen directly? TIT TAT TOK 5. Memory test: John and his wife's .sister Mary 'look Mary's eldest son's boy David and David's first cousin to the circus. How many went to the circus. Answers on Classified Page By BRUCE CATTON NEA Service Staff Correspondent (Copyright, 1937, NEA Service, Inc.) "TORONTO, Ont. — The Dionne quintuplets might provide a bad moment or two for the fingerprint exports, if they should ever decide to submit their prints for examination. For their fingerprints are amazingly similar. The different sets, when completely recorded, can be distinguished, of course, but if one of the quinluplets .should put one slighlly smudged prinl on a sheet of paper—a print of her forefinger, for instance—Ihe science of fingerprinting might find it ul-- lerly impossible to tell which of the five sislers had made it. This is just one illuslralion of the amazing resemblance the quintuplets have to one another. They are identical quintuplets—a phenomenon as rare among quintuplets (which are an «7,(IOO,()()0-to-one shot to begin with) as identical twins are among ordinary twins. "Identical," as bioligists use the word, dicsn't moan quite what you might suppose. No two people are every really identical. Even those twins who look so much alike that their own parents get mixed up about them—everyone has known some such pair—arc not exactly alike. It's all a matter of degree. But the Dionne quintuplets all five of them—come closer to being exactly alike than any pair or group of children ever studied by science before. The Old, Old Problem This fact emerges from a scientific study ni!iHc by Drs. John W. MacArthur and Norma Ford, biologists on the faculty of the University of Toronto. They base their findings on their own observation and on data collected by Dr. W. E. Blatz, director of Ihe university's St. George's School for Child Study. The bialogists made their study ns the foundation for an effort to solve one of science's most baffling problems—whether environment or heredity has the grctiter influence on the development of a person's mental and physical characteristics. Here, for (he first lime, science has a chance to study five children of identical heredity; and scientists will be citing the five little girls from Callander on one side or the other of the perennial argument (or possibly on both sides.) for many years to come. Anyway, what the scientists were primarily interested in was in finding out whether the quins actually are identical. Identical twins, Ihcy point out, are usually the same only in a few characteristics— such as sex, blood groups, color of eyes, hair and skin and so on. In other instances—the shape of their ears, their finger and palm prints, the shape of face and skull—they are very different. So one uf the first things Drs. MacArthur and Ford wanted was to find out about the quints' fingerprints., And Began to Cry The quints had had an early experience with fingerprinting which left them and everyone connected with them very cold. When they were quite small, the provincial government sent a couple of policemen to the place to record the Quints' prints The detectives brought Iheir regulation fingerprinting equipment, with ing and everything. Eo the quints got ink on their fingers. Then they got it smudged all over themselves. They got it on the detectives, on the furniture, and on the virginal whiteness of the nurses' uni- AGE Three months Nine months 18 months 40 months Brint of right foot Blood group Iris color Iris pattern Eye retractive error Eye lashes Eyebrow Hair color Hair form Hair whorl Skin color MARIE M4 + 1.25 long curled dark brown light brown 8 (Dark, slightly reddish-brown! wavy Clock-wise (Light and fair) EM1LIE M4 9 + 1.25 long curled dark brown light brown 8 (Dark, slightly reddish-brown) Counter clock-wise 3 (Light and fair; CECILE M4 .75 long curled dark brown light brown 8 (Dark, slightly reddish-brown) wavy Counter clock-wise 3 (Light and fair) ANNETTE O M4 .75 •long curled dark brown light brown 8 (Dark, slightly reddish-brown) wavy Counter clock-wise 3 (Light and fair) YVONNE M4 4- 75 long curled dark brown light brown 8 (Dark, slightly reddish-brown) wavy Counter clock-wise (Light and fair) House Committee Quits Compulsory Control of Crops Controversial Point in New Farm Bill Is Final- , • ly Settled CONGRES¥ON 1$TH Special Session Convening —Farm Bill to Be Ready Then WASHINGTON — W— The house agriculture committee agreed Mon- „ day on the principle of voluntary control of wheat, cotton and rice crops in the new farm bill. The question of compulsory or voluntary regulation of crop production has been one of the most controversial before the committee, which, is drafting the bill for presentation at the special session of , congress convening November 15. , The skeleton bill outlined by Jones also provides for continuation of soil conservation payments, financing the , new program by some form of tariff equalizing taxes, and the setting up of marketing quotas in emergencies. Britain to Go "as T Fas as America" sels Parley University of Toronto Pres* Publications Copyright, 1937, NEA Service, Ine, The remarkable physical similarity of the Dionnc quintuplets is graphically expressed in this chart, based on the findings of Biologists John W. MncArlhw and Norinn Ford. Note how even iris colors mid patterns—expressed by measurements on the biologists' testing charts—are the sumo for all five sisters. Prints were made of the quints' palms, fingers and soles of their feet, and diagramed as illustrated in the footprints reproduced here. The ridges (llncs( were counted and the shape of the curves tabulated. The result shows that the quintuplets are an identical set. (Continued on Page Three) Tammany and CIO at Polls Tuesday Tammany Seeking Comeback in N. Y.-CIO Bidding for Detroit WASHINGTON—(fl 3 )—Scallered off- year eleclions will take place Tuesday in 15 states, but national interesl cenlers on the bids of two organizations—old Tammany Hall, and the young CIO—for new political power. Tammany is fighting to regain prestige in New York City's election of a mayor and New York county's election of a district attorney. The CIO is opposing Tammany on the Ne wYork front by backing Firorello LaGuardia, who is running against Jeremiah T. Mahoney, Democrat, but its major bid for power is being made in Detroit where it is running candidates for city offices. Editor's Note: Political observers are unanimous in the opinion that while CIO may be a factor in the New York City election the main issue there lies between LaGuardia's Independent - Republican-Fusion machine and Mahoney's Tammany-Farley-Roosevelt combine. New York newspapers almost without exception are backing LaGuardia for re-election. 14 Cases Disposed of in City's Court Results of Monday's Docket Before Municipal Judge Lemley Drunkenness, pelty larceny and assault and batlery cases comprised Ihe biggesl part of the municipal court docket Monday in which Judge W. K. Lemley disposed of 14 eases. 'mo results: C. A. McCorkle, Matlerson Fisher, W. E. Hunt, J. H. Hunt each forfeited $10 cash bonds for drunkenness. J. B. Robison, drunkenness, fined $10. Clifton Sutlon, pelil larceny, $25 and one day in jail on a plea of guilty to slealing a pair of shoes from Felton Booker. Row Newton, drunkenness, fined $10. Cleveland Green was acquitted on two charges of assault ajid battery. He was arraigned on charges of striking Clorca Green and Willie Mae Nash, and was cleared in each case. Jefferson Carrigan, assault and bat- ery, fined ?5 for striking and beating J. T. Reed. Tom Grey, drunkenness, case dismissed on motion of city attorney. I. D. Nash was fined $5 on a charge (Continued on Page Three) Gentry Loses His Fightjor Office Regains $1,600, But Court Sustains Legislative Power LITTLE ROCK— (A't— The Arkansas Supreme Court in a unanimous opinion Monday upheld the authority of the legislature to abolish appointive offices, a weapon employed by many incoming Arkansas governors to remove holdover officers who refuse to resign. The court rejected U. A. Gentry's plea thai he he reinstated as state insurance commissioner in place of M. J. Harrison. Gentry, however, did win a judgment against Harrison for approximately $1,600 back salary when the tribunal held invalid the emergency clause of the 1937 act which abolished the insurance office and then recreated it. LONDON, Eng.— (&)— Foreign* Secre-' tary Anthony Eden told the House, of Commons Monday that Great Britain would go exactly as far as the United States in seeking to end the hinese- Japanese conflict at the Brussels nine- power conference which opens next Saturday. Jap* Claim Victory PEIPING, China.-(/P)—A Japanese, army communique Monday asserted 400 Chinese troops were killed on the north Honan front Sunday when-a Chinese attack north of hangteth was beaten off. Battleship to Spain LONDON, Eng. —(/P)—The British government Monday ordered the battle cruiser Hood, most powerful warship in the world, to Barcelona to investigate the "pirae" attack on the British merchantman Jean Weems off the Spanish coast. Japs Apologize to U. S. SHANGHAI, China— (IP) — Japanese Admiral Kiyoshi Hasegawa apologized Monday to a United States marine commander who had protested against a Japanese foray on the merican-pro- tected side of Soochow creek, 'Japanese blue-jackets had crossed the creew in a rice-laden junk which they seized aftr scaring off the Chinese crew by firing blank shots. Brigadier-General John C. Beaumont protested to Hasegawa, who promised there would be no recurrence. The "Lost Battalion" SHANGHAI, China —(/P)—General Hsieh Chin-Yuan, commander of the Chinese "Lost Battalion" that defied, the Japanese for four days in the Cha» pei warehouse-citadel, declared Monday that his men withdrew sorrowfully. Their two greatest griefs, he told the Associated Press, in his first interview since the evacuation, were that they were forced to withdraw before sealing the struggle with their lives, ami that they could not return to the conflict. Keats, when dying, requested for his epiiaph, "Here lies one whose name was writ in water. A Thought Faith is the eye that sees Him, thehand that clings to Him, the receiving power that appropriates Him.—Woodbridge. Japs, British Angry SHANGHAI — (/P> — Japanese guns and air bombers blasted at Chinese lines along Shanghai's' western fringes Monday in a renewed effort to forge a cordon of steel entirely around the city. Bilterness between Japanese and British forces at Shanghai was intensified further by the serious wounding Sunday of three British soldiers by Japanese shells falling short. This brought the total of British army losses here to 10, includng five deaths. Robert Delanye, one of three Ulster riflemen wounded Friday—when three of the same unit were killed—died (Continued on Page Three) Cotton NEW ORLEANS —(/P)— December cotton opened Monday at 8.0T »nd closed at 7.95-97. Spot cotton closed steady 15 points down, middling 7.97.
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