The Indianapolis Star from Indianapolis, Indiana on May 9, 1925 · Page 6
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The Indianapolis Star from Indianapolis, Indiana · Page 6

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li THE IXDIAXATOLIS STAR, SATI rIU)AV,- MAY 0. 192.5. THE INDIANAPOUS STAR TELEPHONE MA. 400 Established at The Indianapolis Jour-tal 1821. Ths Indtanapolia Sunday Sentinel absorbed 106. JOHN C. SHAFFER. Editor. THE INDIANAPOLIS STAR. THE CHICAGO EVENING POST. THE ROCKY MOUNTAIN NEWS. THE DENVER EVENING TIMES. THE MUNCIE STAR. THE TERRE HAUTE STAR. war. Hut what of the national woman? What of the American woman? What of the (imnan woman? At the iccent election in Germany a majority if the women are said t have M'ted for Field Marshal Von Hindenhurg for President. Woman is not to be blamed; she is a hero worshipper. For the last fifty years or longer in our own South woman has been stronger for the Confederacy than man. "She declines to change her idols as man does. So far as we know in this ciTnsr'TfTPTtnNr RATES . ... Rfl.T i country her vote has not gone very Bt mail In Dally and Dally Sunday j Only. 17.60 I 75 1 09 .71 .21 Zones 1. I. , 4. Sunday. One Tear 111.19 Six Months t.iD Three Months .... .5 One Month - ' On Week By mall in Dally and D-lly 6unday runes t. a. 7. i. Sunday. Only. Only. On Tear Ill DO tlx Months 100 Three Mentha ... 4.00 Ona Month 1 59 One Week H Delivered by Carrier. One Week JS .! Mall subscriptions not accepted In towns where carrier delivery la malu-talned. Only, far for the United States liecoming " 00 a party to the League of Nations or ine worm eoun. 110.00 1.00 ' too l.oo .10 1.S0 .to .10 1700 I.EO 1 M .71 .20 MEMBER OP ASSOCIATED PRESS. The Associated Preaa Is exclusively entitled to the use (or republication of all r.ewa dispatches credited to It or not olherwlse credited In this paper, and alio the local news published herein. All rlrhts of republication of special dlipatches herein also reserved. The most effective missionary work will be that u:hu h seeks to impress itself through r sample in living rightly. C'llviu L'oolirlge. She has pained her rights and Is content to use them sparingly. The economic- needs and boundary dangers in Europe have their influence in making: foreign women more international than the American woman in matters of International arbitration. AMERICA GETS A RAPHAEL. The layman as well as the art critic is interested from time to time in the sale of famous paintings at prices running into six figures. Recently the country has followed the legal battle between a wealthy American and a Russian prince for possession of a canvas by Rembrandt. The tourist frequently avails himself of the opportunity to visit galleries at New York, Washington and Chicago to see noted works of the old masters. The collection of such gems is a game confined to the possessors of millions. It received a great impetus shortly after the war when impoverished Europe was compelled to sacrifice many art treasures. The latest stir In the art world has been created by the report that a portrait by Raphael has been acquired from a Berlin collection for the sum of $500,000 and that the canvas 'shortly will be brought to America. Genuine Raphaels are rarer than black pearls and only two have changed hands in fifteen years. So far as private sales are .concerned, they simply do not exist. Raphael - painted twenty-four portraits, eighteen men and six women, and, with the exception of the one just purchased, oil of them are in museums. Because of this fact and the romantic history of the canvas, it being lost 300 years, the Raphael portrait is perhaps the most impor tant picture that has been sold in the last fifty years. The portrait Is that of Giuliano de Medici, Due de Nemours, younger brother of Pope Leo X and third son of Lorenzo the Magnificent. It. was painted in 15H and was owned by a collateral branch nf the Medic i family in Florence. If disappeared during the civil wars in the latter part of the sixteenth century and nothing was heard of it until 300 years later, when It came into possession of the (iraud Duchess Marie of Russia. The subject of the portrait died soon after it was painted, but the canvas is mentioned in letters written at the time. Raphael painted three portraits of members of the Medici family: Giovanni, who was elected Pope in 1513; Giuliano, the younger brother, and Lorenzo, father of the notorious Catherine. J HORSE THIEF DETECTIVES. The ruling made by County Attorney Ryan, holding as valid the order of the county commissioners revoking the constabulary powers of members of the Marion County Horse Thief Detective Association, should dispose of the controversy that has arisen between that organization and the police. The order of the county board does not seem to be among the files of the county auditor. The county attorney holds that the failure to have it filed does not affect the validity of the board's action. The board revoked the powers of the association's members and that ends it so far as they are con cerned. court has imwscd on Ihe matter. Jn brief, might in war is not right in peace. The permanent court of international justice in connection with the League of Nations is a movement in the right direction, it is admitted, but before it is a complete court it must have a codification of international laws, and it must be accepted and dignified as a court of law and a court of equity, having before it always the principles of international law. A dispute between two nations should go before that vourt as a disagreement between two corporations goes before a state or Federal court now. We have passed the stage when a court opinion in law is defied and resort had to arms. It is just an opinion, probably a majority opinion, written on paper; but there is something sacred behind' It and It soon becomes a, precedent and enters the structure of law. As the Day Begins. IXCLE SAM'S IXFLVEXCE. When a bank has advanced sum after sum to keep going a key industry In a community it follows as a matter of .sense that the creditor must have much to say regarding the conduct of the corporation's business and tho general policies to be pursued. The bank loaned money to maintain not only the individual corporation, but the reputation of the community, knowing that If the industrial corporation went to the wall It would take more with it. The United States in its governmental and Its private capacities has leen the banker for Europe for ten ! yea.rs now. or recent date it nas The horse thief detective assoria- Ke " 'I""J"-r tionB are organized under the au- Wlth all this stress on sex equality, it i was only a question of time when the storm would break. For some time it has been a fad to Equality turn the business of run-)f Srxr nlng states, cities, park boards and other Inconsequential details over to Boy Scouts and other worthy lads for intervals ranging from ten minutes to a day. Boys who had dreamed at an earlier age of becoming policemen and firemen have been given brief command of those departments. Their actual duties, of course, consisted merely In occupying the proper official chair and posing for the photographer and no revolutionary policies were Inaugurated. With feminine Governors on the Job In more than one state, the girls of this fair land have suddenly realized that so far no girl has been selected to powder her nose in the executive chair or run the dog pound and playground association. Some of them have made a vigorous protest against this discrimination, so that In the future it is likely that a few girls will be found occupying the seats of the mighty and pondering with puzzled frown over weighty matters of government. If the girls want such recognition, it Is certain they will get It. Their mothers went after the ballot and, while it took a number of years to cajole and threaten the men Into granting It, they succeeded. Their daughters may be expected to show a similar degree of proficiency In getting what they want. JUST FOLKS. BT EDGAR A, GUEST. NEW YORK DAY BY DAY. BY O. O. McINTYRE. thority of a statute passed before the civil war. The law provides that associations of ten or more may organize and get constabulary powers. The object was to enable the settlers to band together to protect themselves against horse thieves and to make possible co-operation In the capture of horse thieves. The associations may have reason for existence more than a half a' century ago when the state was sparsely settled and means of communication were primitive. There is no need for them now, certainly not in Marion county. The people of this county got back of a measure passed at the last session of the Legislature to do away with the justices of fhe peace and their constables who are serving no useful purpose. We are to have an enlarged city court instead. There was no excuse for a horde of constables to do work the police are paid for doing. There is even less excuse for giving police powers to two or three hundred men under the guise of being horse thief detectives. If those men are anxious to do something to promote law and order, there is ample opportunity for them to co-operate with the regular agents of Justice, who may be relied on to welcome real assistance. Juvenile research. This expert says that a girl baby develops a soul at IS months while the boy docs not show any signs of possessing this useful little appendage until 30 months. It would, of course, be Interesting to know Just what procedure the professor took to arrive at his conclusions. time enemies to help them on their i The soul, both In Its primitive state feet. The nations In question owe " ""r tne wear and tear of years, nas Deen rather snluslve proposition, The girls may be slower In such matters, hut they lead by a comfortable margin In another important detail, according to the statement of a psychologist at a state Institute for I It's just as human to be clean, and "THAT'S I.IFK." They tell me sin and shame are life and so are hurt and hate, Rome cruel passion uncontrolled Is true to life, they state; But as they glorify the ba.se and paint the vice they find, I hold 'tis human to be clean and human to be kind. The honest man is true to life, though cynics scoff him down, He is the pride of every street, the streugth of every town; Though sin and shame and hate are here, the virtues fine and true Deserve the critic's phrase "that's life!" for they arehuman too. There is a thorn upon the rose, but all the world would scorn The man who missed the lovely bloom and painted but the thorn ; I see in countless merry homes the happy man and wife, Their children romping round the door, and that. I say is "life." This thing called life Is not to be reserved for vice and sin, Life is a circle wide which takes all struggling mortals in; And though to err is human, as we long have understood, NEW YORK, May 8. Manhattan Is j There stands in Central park a THE INTERNATIONAL WOMAN Tho individual woman in all of the nations engaged suffered keenest and longest from war. She was the mother of those who went to war. The war forced her often back to the primitive she had to surrender much to those employed in the physical struggle. She had to change her way of living; and from her experiences she has become in the separating years a power In modern industrialism. "The pity of It," say some women and men. Out of it all came recompense not to the individual woman, but more to the collective woman. The latter Is a factor, if she will, in political affairs. The war removed political and social shackles from her. The shackles fell during the war and following it, and more are to fall, as in France, at no distant day. What can be done by statute, which is not much, to reroove the "double standard" has been done in the old world following the war. It was due her, for In this respect the war reduced her stature and often her moral standards. The International woman has been meeting at Washington, D. C. recently. The International Council of Women it is termed and it gathers once In five years. War has been the burden of the addresses by notable women from many lands. One of the leaders said the duty of the organization Is to gather "in the arms of an enveloping motherhood" the war-worn peoples of the earth. Stress was laid on what has been done since the war in international-Ism and a very great deal has been done outside woman's peculiar realm in International finance and commerce and Industrialism and organizations formed for arbitration and mediation like the League of Nations and the world court, which is allied with the former. There is much still to be done here and elsewhere. ,Hcre it is a matter of expediency, there it is a matter of necessity. Here, because of our economic position we have to guard against too much Internationalism, as in the matter of immigration. The international woman is against UNIVERSAL LAW. It is discovered by those having in hand the care of this globe of ours that if there is to he world peace It must come, not through a great revolution, but by the reign and rule of law; that Internationalism must pass through, although more quickly, per-1 haps, the processes which nations and states and lesser political divisions have had to undergo until they reached a stage of adopting and obeying a code of ethics which, mixed with experience and common sense, is termed law. There are ordinances, state laws, national laws, and there must follow international laws as interstate laws have followed state laws in this country and in other countries. There must corns as a foundation stone and law giver an international constitution to be followed by separate enactments under that constitution. Then war can be outlawed and need for huge armaments no longer exist, just as tinde.r the law as directed and upheld by the courts; there Is no need for the citizen, ordinarily, going about armed to protect himself from attack. The law courts look after that for him. Very recently two movements have been taken along this road. A commission from the American Institute of International Law submitted to the Pan-American Union draft "conventions" or treaties to be submitted for approval to the republics on this continent, embodying the principle of' bringing war and the causes for war between nations into the realm of judicial arbitration; but first of all defining what is illegal for one nation to do to another before, during and following war. The in tent behind this proceeding by the American Juridical Society and the All-American organization, working jointly, Is to bind this continent to one general law so that the republics may know beforehand what they can do and not do wlthin the continental law. Involved in it all is a super-Monroe doctrine that establishes as law the relationship of this continent of republics to the rest of the world, letting nations outside the boundary line know in advance what would be legal ground for joint actjon in self defense. The other procedure has been under the auspices of American jurists, too, and the aim of the American Society of International Law is to bring about codification of international law as the first step in the rule of universal law. This organization will jotn with othrs of a like nature to lay down the law Internationally to all civilized powers. First, the nations must know what is the law they must not break. If the plan proposed for this continent by the Pan-American Union and its law advisers could be adopted universally, the danger of war would be lessened because one of the main declarations in the proposed super-Monroe doctrine is that territory taken in war from one. nation or state by another is illegally held and jwssession can not be recognized un til .. a continental or international great sums to the American government and the American Investors. The United States was Caesar sitting In his throne in the arena-thumbs up or down, it was dictator from the financial and industrial points of view long before it become the decisive factor In the military sense. Has not the United States a right then to be heard by Europe, and must ijot Europe listen not only as a matter of courtesy, but as a matter of business? The American nation holds a very responsible position to the rest of the world. This country is the giant, but It is not. going to be tyrannous and use its strength like a giant unless forced to do so. For proof turn to the lib eral, policy from this side that made possible Britain's return to the gold standard. Ambassador Houghton, in London, has been exhibiting the polished "big stick." He is the one to use it, for he knows intimately the exact situation throughout Europe and he speaks with authority from Wash ington, He has had in mind recent happenings on the continent. Germany is not a free agent; Germany is not free, to do as It pleases. The latter has elected as President of the German republic a militarist. It this act was Intended as a compliment to a soldier In defeat, well and good; if meant as an actual return to militarism and the old order, the real republic that made possible the Dawes plan in action and the investing public from that republic, must have something to say as parties deeply interested in world restoration. ' ' A new gesture away from war, from the old thought of intrigue and balance of power and evidences of reformation are to be required by the American government, backed by public sentiment, or a different face will be shown to Europe in the future from the nation which holds the balance of power. The United States has evidenced a desire for another conference for armament reduction, and as creditor nation it has the right to make more than an intimation. But certain factors in Europe have been backing away and they have been looking at the whole question from a selfish, nationalistic point of view. Some of them have aggression in their minds. It Is well that they should be warned of the consequences from the one power that has most at stake and that can enforce its authority by closing down its purse strings. Like the atom, it has been lectured about, but never Isolated, labeled a.nd put on the shelf, A baby can develop numerous things around 18 to 30 months, as any fond parent will testify, but no doting father has proudly informed the office force that his hopeful finally had a pretty little soul. The audible evidence has often tended to support the opposite belief, as some of those Infant wails more nearly resemble the cry of a lost soul. At any rate, the boys should not worry over the fact that it takes them a year longer to develop a soul. On the he-who-laughs-last theory, they may get a better one when It finally arrives. During the war many little towns overseas sprang into sudden prominence after existing for centuries untouched by the glare of world publicity. No More Will In this country there Blush Unseen are numerous hamlets which are known to few but the postal authorities. Their inhabitants lead a peaceful existence, untouched by the surging currents of the business and political world. Until this week Eva. was such a place. This girlish village Is In Tennessee, although even that state may be scarcely aware of the fact. Then along came Maj. Gqn. Patrick, chief of the air service. . Overtaken by darkness, he brought his plane to earth and discovered Eva. It has no telegraph facilities, and so the general was temporarily "lost." When word was received of his whereabouts the name of Kva was flashed to all corners, of the land; its seclusion was rudely In vaded. With a name like that and in the land of the Tennessee moon. song writers should be utirred to write toucning cutties or rair j;va. i -- The Columbia university budget calls for $10,000,000. One In Indiana might call for that, but no Legislature would hear it. -t- -t- -t- A photograph sent 5,000 miles by air would almost certainly be a somewhat distant likeness. , true, and kind, and good. (Copyright. 1025. Edgar A. Guest.) Two Words a Day. BfUE, CHARLES. ! filled with psychic professors who In tenslrv the soul for so much "per Intense." One journal that accepts their professional cards show there are some .VJ inparting various mental vibrations to the soul weary. Most of them are esconced in ornate apartments along Riverside drive. They are sleek and professorial looking with VarDykes and horn-rimmed glasses. They offer much high-blown abracadabra to impress seekers after new truths. There is the pungent odor of Incense, crystal balls shot with strange lights and shelves of ponderous books. The professors are usually in exotic robes and turbaned to give a mysterious atmosphere of orientalism. They are silken voiced and suave. Rich and neurotic women flock to them In limousines. They pay as high as $o0 a visit for the curious mental infiltrations. There are lovely metaphors to be repeated parrot-like by the class and sometimes dep breathing exercises and silences. It is said the professors exchange names of their patients for their patrons usually go from one to the other in the chase for the chimerical panacea. All sorts of pseudo-scientific devices are brought Into play. The professors are above any legal entanglements. They do not treat the body.- They treat the soul. Many haVe been arrested but very few have been convicted. That they prosper amazingly is revealed in the wealth of one who had his "students" walk barefoot in the morning dew and bathe in the sun rays, He owns a magnificent castle up along the Hudson and his terraced gardens cost some $100,000. He is reliably reported to have been a former llverj'stable keeper In the state of Washington. Two others have bought I the apartment buildings in which they reside. neiuii; Hiaiue ui a, man u mue rvnv.ni that not one In thousands can tell you j anything about him. H is a statue of i Simon Bolivar, the South American liberator. It was presented to the city In 1020 by the Venezuela government. Bolivar was the foremost champion of freedom in Latin America and died virtually ostracized by his countrymen. I recently saw the price list of a Bowery cut-throat gangster. It was taken from his-pocket by the police. Here are. his prices: Punching, $2; both eyes blacked, $4; nose and jaw broke, $10; Jacked out (knocked out with a blackjackr, $15 ; ear chawed off, $15; leg or arm broke, $19; shot in leg. $25 s stab, $23; doing the big Job, $100 and up. Prices have gone up in the last ten years. In the year of 1012, when the Zelig and Sirocco and Tricker gangs were warring with each other the price of murder was 510. -t- - The gangsters used to have a term: "Putting him on the boat!" It meant the victim of hired vengeance would be seen no more. It is said that In one year sixteen men were "put on the boat." No trace of them has ever been found. --.- However, the death' of the gambler, Herman Rosenthal, really ended the bloody, gang wars that characterized New York's East side of twenty years ago. The gangster is a coward. The electrocution of Police Lieutenant Becker threw a fear into them from which they have never recovered. They do not run .in packs. They fear the "squealer" and when they go out to kill they go alone. All of the old time gangsters died as thev lived'-by the gun. Julie Mor-rell. Big Jack Ze.ligr, Monk Eastman, Red Harrington. Kid Dropper, Louis the Lump and Kid Twist were pistoled by rivals. Views of the People. Anonymous communications can not accepted for this column. Contributors will pleas confine their letters to not more than S00 words. TO PASS THE BUCK. ,A slang phrase m e a n i n g to shift ,the responsibility over to some one else. It is taken from the game of poker, wherein a "buck" or marker is put in the first pot and goes to the player taking that pot. It remains in front of him until it is his turn to deal, after which the deal as well the "buck" goes on to the next player. EXTRICATE. Verb. To free from dif ficulties. From the Latin ex and trica, a noose, or tricae, trifles, Impediments. To be extricated implies that the result is due to one's own efforts, while to be released signifies that the action of another is responsible; as "Houdinl extricated himself from the straight Jacket In forty seconds," and "the counsel released the prisoner by proving an alibi." 20 Years Ago Today. From the Files nf The Star. Senator Capper will back Gen. Dawes In the fight to change the Senate rules. Being from Kansas, he might be expected to take to the cyclone cellar when he sees what is coming. A Point of Law. CAPT. WILLIAM V. JUDSON of Indianapolis, who recently returned from the 'scene of far East hostili-' ties, was attached to the general staff. BUSINESS DIRECTOR CLELAND of the school board announced a pub-lie school enrollment of 45,000, an increase of 1,500 over the preceding year. " THE COLORED ,Y. M. C. A. announced plans for the opening of new quarters leased at North and California streets. L. H. OBERREICH. a senior in the Indianapolis College of Law, was one of the winners In a national brief-writing contest conducted by a Minnesota firm. MAYOR HOLTZMAN came out in " favor of municipal ownership of the Indianapolis Water Company. A HOOSIER LISTENING POST. BY KATE MILNER RABB. OPPORTtMTY NEAR AT HAND. To the Editor of The Star: I have head your article, on "Safe and Sure." stating the relative facts of the increased values) of real estate -uur city, xiiis I consider one of the best editorials that has appeared in your paper and I believe it will have the tendency to direct the investing public who are interested In real estate to see the great possibility in real estate for investment in this city. HENRY J. WIETHE. Indianapolis. My Favorite Stories. SI IRVIN 8. COBD. THE TROUBLE WAS PURELY LOCAL. Karl Kitchen Is responsible for this one. A chorus girl, recently arrived from a small New England town, was Invited to go on a Joy ride by a wealthy butter and egg man from the Bronx, who had Just bought a new car with balloon tires. As luck would have it, he ran over some broken glass end a little later hs asked the young person to look at the rear wheel on her side. . "Is it flat?" he asked. "No," she replied, after she had taken a look, "it's all right "except for a little place on the bottom." Big City Helplessness. It Is estimated that Americans will spend $000,000,000 in Europe this summer. They could get at least $300,-0000,000 worth of service for that sum at our own tourist resorts. Massachusetts has a town celled Berlin snd the least Hlndenhurg could do would be to change the name of some Prussian burg to Boston. Oahu has been found decidedly weak in aerial defenses, which, It will be recalled, is what the preparedness advocates have known all along. Fort Wayne Journal-Gazette. We should like soon to see a thorough test made of one of the provisions of the new Indiana dry code. It is that statute which provides that any organization or person may employ an attorney to assist the public prosecution in a criminal case, and that when such arrangement shall have been es tablished there can be no dismissal of the case save with the acquiescence of the supplementary prosecutor. While this act permits such a cooperation in other than prohibition prosecutions, the law was specifically designed to put trammels upon regular authority in prohibition cases. It can be understood what difficulties might be created In the state's tribunals .by' this arrangement. But even if there were no such possibility, we believe the law is objectionable and probably not constitutional. At any rate, the constitutionality of the act should early be brought to the test and determined. If it is a good law from that viewpoint, It is not from any otner, and ir unconstitutional, that fact can not be too soon learned. If a prosecuting attorney can not be trusted to discharge the functions of his office, there is a way to deal with him. But to put an irresponsible overseer above him according to the prejudice of some organization or the whim of some Individual seems to be aspersing the office and challenging Its incumbent. If there must be an extra-official overseer for prosecuting Attorneys, why should there not be an extra- official' overseer for judges without whose sanction no Judgment in a liquor case shall be valid? TEN YEARS AGO TODAY. WILLIAM M'CLURE, Robert Butler, Ellis .Searles and Oliver Sayler, former Huntington newspaper men, returned for a reunion and got out the edition of the Huntington Press. MISS BERTHA RAINBOLT of Columbus was crowned queen of the . Moose May carnival and given a trip to the San Francisco exposition. BRANDT C. DOWNEY was made chairman of the hospitality committee for the golden jubilee celebration of the Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite. THE INDIANAPOLIS ORCHESTRA closed its fifth season at the Murat with Kenneth D. Rose, violinist, and Mrs. Jean McCormick, contralto, as soloists. ABOUT 5,000 public school children gave an exhibition of physical training at Federal park. An example of the manner in which research concerning some matter of local history may be conducted is given by the attempt recently made to establish the fact that Madison had the first waterworks system in the state, and to learn something of the history of the building of this system. V -i- - Last winter the following letter was received at the office of the historical commission from Dr. James M. Milli-gan, medical superintendent of the hospital for the insane at Madison: "On the grounds of this hospital there Is an old stone wall built across the mouth of a ravine to impound water for a reservoir in connection with the first waterworks system of Madison. This Institution has already placed in position a stone marker. On this, a little later, we wish to affix a bronze tablet. We wish to learn first, in what year the dam was built, and whether this was the first municipal waterworks system in the state. I think the wall was built sometime between 1835 and 1845." Dr. Mllligan .explains that this nolnt was being looked up in Mad ison, but that he wished the commission's aid more especially as to determining whether or not this was the first municipal waterworks system in the state. -. This inquiry, which was Instigated by Curtis Marshall, president of the Jefferson County . Historical Society, led to research conducted by Miss Katherine Belzer( which has resulted in an interesting history of this early waterworks system, the files of the Madison Courier yielding much . material, as did also the minutes of the city Council. A start was made from a note in the Manual of American Waterworks, published by Engineering News, New York, in 1888: "The Madison waterworks were built In 1849 by the city, with Thomas God-man as designing englnoer and Theodore R. Scowden as construction engineer. Rebuilt or extended by the eitv in 1871-2. under direction of trus- tees, John Kirk, J. W. fiinas ami u. T. Alison, and with Cobb and Strib-llng, Madison, as engineers. Water supply, Ohio river, pumping to reservoir. Formerly a dam across a ravine impounded surface water in a reservoir holding about 6,000,000 gallons." --- One of the first bits of information concerning the waterworks was found in the Madison Daily Courier for June Little Benny's Notebook. BT LEE PARE. 18, 1850, gathered by a reporter who was inspecting the reservoir then in process of construction, and fell Into conversation with one of the oldest inhabitants of the town. He was told that spring water had been piped into the city or the spot where the city now stands at a period between 1814-181. The old man was confident that the InJ habitants of this place had been supplied with spring water from the hill in 1817. After this time, from the de cay of the wooden pipes or from some other cause, the hydrants were not used. There were three hydrants, supplying cool, sweet spring water. The minutes of the city1 Council and the newspapers supply the Information that by May 4, 1833, a committee had been appointed to look Into the expediency of supplying the town with water and in 1834 there was a petition from Caleb Lodge and others asking that an arrangement be made to procure the surplus water from the cotton mills waterworks. In the same year a contract was presented the Council by John Sheets and others in which he was to have a wawrwumo nlant nomDleted at the end of five years, water to he pumped from the river, a sufficient water supply ior puu-lio use and for extinguishing fires and at the end of sixty years the town was to buy the plant. Later, for reasons unknown. Mr. Sheets proposed to abandon the contract. Other attempts were made in succeeding years, but nothing was done until 384fi, when Thomas Godman proposed to erect on his land, near Madison, a safe and clean Teservolr and to conduct water through iron pipes into such parts of the city as might be agreed upon in a contract. The work began in August, 1847; 1y the tall of 1849, pipes were laid into the city as far as Second street. The story of the delight of the city over Its water supply, and consequent freedom from disease and fire, the consequent financial difficulties, failure of water supply, need for a larger reservoir, suggestions of other plans, may all be found in the newspapers and the Council minutes, the story ending with the construction of a new reservoir near the river bank, in 1871, supplied by steam pump with water from the river. It is an interesting story, and it Is fitting that the Histor ical Society of Jefferson County should place a marker on the site of the original reservoir. Evansville Courier. ' " AVhlle officials and citizens in every 1 rapidly growing community are frantically seeking ways to "solve" their housing and transportation problems, and while the trend of population toward the cities ds more marked than ever before, experts in city planning calmly announce'that there is no solution except decentralization. The chairman of the state commission for housing and regional, planning of New York states that "great cities already have passed the limits of efficiency." A town-planning architect of Berlin says that plans for greater and greater cities will inevitably end in inefficiency and failure. Both seem to agree that widening streets, cutting more avenues, build ing up in the air and down in the earth, constructing several layers of thoroughfares and other similar measures, can not furnish relief, tlnstead of decreasing congestion they invite more congestion. Many individuals have already come to feel that the modern great city and the thing it will be in a few more years of phenofnenal growth is a horror to be shunned if possible. They feel that decentralization Is needed and that transportation to outlying smaller communities is more urgently needed than double-deck streets within the city. And in spite of all this logic and common sense and craving for a chance for more wholesome, sane and efficient living, the cities continue to draw people to them. Some time the pendulum will swing the other way and the breaking point of efficiency foretold by the experts may start the counter movement. Reorganizing Dry Forces. INDIANA EDITORIAL OPINIONS. The man who sar.g about letting the rest of the world go by must have owned a home on one of Indiana's popular state roads. It Is reported that 22,000 can attend the stadium commencement at I. II. but there Is a sneaking suspicion that they will not. A lawyer is always picked for attorney general, but when It comes to the War Department, the military man is barred. Among the next problems is that of trying to decide in advance which will be the Willett A. Judsons of the Ken tucky Derby. The Rural Sacrifice. A new Jersey town decided that a crimeless newspapers was "flat," also, Hamlet might have said, stale and un profitable. Now that the Florida "season" is over, It soon should be time to demobilize its army of real estate agents. Bulgaria is a resourceful country, especially when it comes to finding cell space for thousands of suspects. That Florida antlgambllng law seems to make no provision against taking a chance on real estate. Another trouble the government is having with those rum runners is that they refuse to run. ' ; Madison Courier. Our rural population In America has shrunk one-fifth in a quarter of a century, compared with the total population. In 1000 there were 80 per cent of our people living on farms or in villages of less than 2,500 people. Now, the census bureau reports, there are only 48 per cent. The rural sections do, not lose to the cities "absolutely," but "relatively." They fail to keep their, share of the people. They produce population, ona might say, almost as they produce food, and send it to the industrial centers. In distinctly farming areas 100 wives have 195 children, to only 1S7 for the same number of wives in villages and 128 children in towns and cities. The farm women, along with all their other duties, supply sons and daughters to make up the deficit of their city sisters. This contribution, more than any other, is what keeps the city growing and flourishing and retards the farm. And then city folk, prospering only because of the new blood furnished them regularly by the country at such cost, still affect to scorn the country ! With immigration lessened, they must depend more and more on their own "hinterland." The city has never yet half appreciated what the country has done for 1U Sattldny afternoon me and pop was setting on our frunt steps, pop setting on the top step smoking and me setting on the next to the top step jest setting there, and Puds Simkins came up and sat down alongside of me saying, G wizz, Benny, you awt to of saw the pickture at the Narcississ today, it was one of the thrilllngest most ixciting picktures I ever saw blceve me. Aw, I bet: it wasent as ixciting as the one at the Little Grand, G winaickers that was a swell plcktwre, tawklng about picktures, I sed. If It was as good, as the one at the Narcississ It was going some, thats all I got to say, the one at the Narcissis had 2 blind men lighting in it, and they nocked over everything in the room an upset the lamp and the hole house bernt down, Puds sed. Well did It have a race between a train and a automobeel across the desert with a lady jumping from the automobeel rite Into the engine? I sed. No, Puds sed. Did it have a horse falling over one side of a precipice with a man on its back and the man jumping off Jest In time to grab a hole of a brantch of a tree half ways down, did it? I sed. No, Puds sed, and I sed, Did It have a big boat being blowed up in the middle of the ccean wlih about 100 pecple in it so's tney all had to climb up on icebergs, tell me that? No, Puds sed. and I sed, Well then holey smokes, G wizsi, dont tell me about ixciting picktures. . AVell. it seemed ixciting at the time. Puds sed. And- he wawked away, and pop sed, Yee gods, Benny, that must be the werlds most ixciting pickture, wats the name of It? and I sed, Well, It dident reely have eny of that stuff in it. that guy is so conseeted I Jest wunted to take some of the conseet out of him. Help aid sucker, pop sed, and he went in the house to red the paper. ' MILK AS A FOOD. Wall Street Journal. Milk as a food for every one has been' extensively advertised in the United States in the past few years, end apparently with convincing force. Statistics from 300 cities and 30,000 farms indicate that In 1925 the con sumption of milk was fifty-three gal Ions to a person, as compared with fifty gallons In 1922 and forty-nine gallons in 1921. In Boston the consumption to a person has advanced OCR FOREIGN OFFICE 19 IN THE HOME. South Bend Tribune. When Ambassador Alanson B. Houghton told the British that the American foreign of fice was in the homes or tne American people he came near making a phrase that will be remembered -What the family thinks ultimately finds expression in the persons elected to office who are bound In a real sense to carry out the instructions of the polls. ONE OF WORLD'S PRIZE AGGRAVATIONS. Grawfordsvllle Revlew.-There lsno r,c,l fury like that or a won... - . unless it be that of a motorist wjhose horn doesn't blow the Henry ahead of him out of the middle of the road. EATON FREQUENTLY IN LIMELIGHT. Hartford City News. -The Iiuie town of Eaton frequently has its name ..v. .cross the front sheets oi newspapers. It started on its adver tising campaign about a year u noma . .... ni.u TJonlf urns when the 'Farmers v.c blown by yeggs. Gerald Chapman , recent visit there brought it again into Prominence, and a second bank robbery Tuesday morning caused the town to get more publicity. With no ntaht PoUce protection, the little town falls prey to notorious bandits. FRANCE NEEDS FOCH AH ITS PRESIDENT. Anderson Bulletin. - The greatest need of France right now is a new President, and his name is Marshal Foch. France is afraid of Qerjnany-of Hlndenburg. But Foch s not. Uermanv is afraid of Marshal Foch. S the allied leader be chosen to be President of France, the opposition game in Germany, to repara-s Kand obeying the worM ar treaty would be ended. The German monarchists would be afraid to dls-Foch His presidency of France would settle disturbers and agitators throughout Europe. physical training, military' drill and citizenship, instruction. Uncle Sam Is the donor of this vacation through the citizens' military training camps. The enrollment, three months before the opening of camp, is already 25 per cent more than the estimated quota of the camps and considerably ahead of the enrollment at this time last year. ' Apparently the summer training camp habit grows on the eligible youth of. America. LAUGHS AT OUR NEW ORDIXANCK. Newcastle Time. The Indianapolis city Council has passed an ordinance making it unlawful for four to ride on one seat of an automobile.' How is a man with a wife and two babies and a roadster ever to .take his family out riding? He can leave one member at home or buy a touring car. With the authorities of Wayne county arresting spooners and the Council of Indianapolis legislating against four in a iat it seems that the acme of damphoollsh- ness had been reached. Crawfordsyille Review. Prohibition enforcement agents with "gunmen and money making proclivities" are to be weeded out of the pro hibition branch of the revenue bureau by Assistant Secretary Andrews of the treasury, the new commander in chief of the dry forces. As one of his first official utterances in his new office Assistant Secretary Andrews declared it his duty to abolish "hard-' boiled" enforcement methods and to drive out of the enforcement service y those agents who shoot first and investigate afterwards and violate the preamble, body and other eighteen amendments of the constitution in their zeal to get evidence for the enforcement of the nineteenth amendment,' Many friends of prohibition believe with the new czar of enforcement that more conservative and scrupulous methods of enforcement will better serve the cause of prohibition. Not even the, most zealous advocates of rigid enforcement can condone the. shooting of citizens in cold blood by dry agents merely "on suspicion," nor will they abet the violating of ' the sarictity of the home in the name of the Volstead act. The public would not long endure a band of nearly two thousand dry agents riding roughshod over the rights and liberties of the people, invading their homes without legal authority and murdering innocent persons and destroying private property without just cause. No doubt Secretary Andrews is right in his belief that the number of the lawless sort in the prohibition forces is relatively small, but those fe.w should be quickly ejected before the morale of their colleagues and the law-abiding portion of the public is broken. Farmers Are Paying Up. FINE OUTING WITH UNCLE BAM AS HOST. , Kokomo Dispatch. .- Some 50.000 young men between the ages of 17 and 31 years, looking about them for an Interesting summer vacation plan ... k.inr favorably Impressed with in eight years from thirty-five to sixty-. one particular camp offer. The pro- four gallons. BOB AND HINDY. Cincinnati Enquirer. In some quarters the election of Hlndenburg is causing almost as much worry as the thought of the election of LaFollette did in this country last fall. f this project runs forty-two camps, located in every section of the country from Maine to California. He pays the way of men who accept his offer from their homes to the nearest camp. He also gives them board, clothing and equipment, furnishing MANY OF THEM IN REPUBLICAN PRIMARY. New Albany Tribune. At Indianapolis there was about 60 per cent of the total vote cast, and of this per cent the Republicans had 92,180 votes, while the Democrats had 15,623. This is a ratio of about six to one in favor of the Republicans. The Democrats of. Indianapolis and in Indiana generally seem to have lost their leadership. SHELBYITES IN PUBLIC LIFE. f Shelbyville Republican. Charley Jewett was born in Shelbyville, but no one ever said he should not be elected mayor of Indianapolis because he was born in Shelbyville, Fred Schorte-meier was born in Shelbyville and is now secretary of state and no one over said he should not be elected secretary of state because he was born In Shelbyville and lives in Indianapolis. Thomas A. Hendricks lived in Shelby ville many years, was elected Gov ernor, United States senator and Vice President and no one ever said he should not be elected to these positions because he lived in Shelbyville and was elected from Indianapolis. PROSPERITY AHEAD FOR SOAP MEN. Lebanon Reporter. Soap manufacturers are very optimistic over busi ness prospects. "Well, considering the continued popularity of bobbed hair and Fashion's edit that women s ears must show this year, the soap makers probably have substantial grounds for entertainment as well as healthful their buoyant optimUm, - i . Anderson Herald. The report of the county recorder for the month or April snowing mm there had been more mortgages canceled on farms than had been made, surely means something. There mut be some reason for this and there surely can be but one reason that the farmers are once more on tne roau to prosperity. The amount of the canceled-mortgages also were very little less than the amount ot proper mortgaged. All of this in the time of year when it is usual for many farms', to. be sold and many mortgages to be niea. ino conclusion may not be correct, but it would seem that there could be no other. The same thing Is showing in other parts of the country. The recent report of the Federal Land banks discloses the pleasing news that the farm , loans in 1924 were $141,000,000 less than in the preceding year. If the conclusion is correct that tho farmer is once more reaching prosperity, then the condition of the country is assured. No great prosperity is possible that does not extend to the farmer, and as a usual thing, every period of prosperity starts " with the farmer. He has had a long period of bad times and the general public will he giaa to mm inuiu icovhiiis better conditions. It means more for Madison county than one would think for all of the farmers in the community to be prosperous. It is a splendid sign that the farm mortgages are being lifted. SILENCE IS GOLDEN. Kansas City Star. It was in a fatal moment we decided to reprint the piece, from the New York World about the woman who wanted to know whether Gutzon Borglum ever got out of the cave tlie dogs were taking the serum to. G. I C. says he tried to tell it to his wife, and before he rot through explaining nbout Stone mountain ana ui mie oi i Floyd Collins, it was bedtime, and ha never reached the do story at aU, j

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