Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor The Special Train • Alex. H. Wash burn Star TT IS commonly reported around Hope thai when the 1 Shrevcporl .special train returned home last month after Byrd High's successful expedition against our Hobcats, the railroad authorities round that exuberant fans or students had virtually wrecked the train's interior. Seats were torn up and windows broken out—and we don't need to add that one more experience like this will put an end to "football specials" in our territory. Hope is moving 1 down to Camden thin Friday on its own special train, and it is up to us to be on our best behavior, Two things are important to remember on an out-of- town football dale: To conduct ourselves with proper regard for a home crowd comprising both children and adults jammed into one special train; and, .second, to keep our partisanship within decent bounds when being entertained at the Camden stadium. These are rules that while frequently broken are never excused among good sportsmen. Liquor shouldn't be drunk aboard that special. The train is being inn primarily to provide safe transportation for students to a rity liO milc.s away. Adults can't expect lo enjoy adults' privileges when mixed up with a crowd of lii«h school children. ... If it's too lonj.', a time between drinks before the train leaves and after it ar- rive.s they you ought lo find some other way lo get to Camden, and May off the special. Hope will send as big a crowd to Camden this Ki idny as Camden sent over here last year—and that will remind all the fans of what happened on the Mope field l;i.st year Somebody from Camden had a lil^ht with one of the officials. Appiiivnlly it was about a play that was called back, allhough Ihe players and most of Ihe fans were .satisfied. Camden didn't feel Rood about that kind of a demonstration on a foreign field. And Hot*., will feel a lot worse if anybody in her crowd Iwhaves the same way while a guest in Camdi-n. These aren't empty words. This writer. at ,\ game DcQueen played hire several years ago, saw a Hope fan forget himself and rush out on the field aii.l .. - - --\ 'en player. You know the rest of that story— year.s of bitterness between rival lootbiill cities. And Hope starteij it. But we'll bury it, too. WEATHER. Arkansas — Fair and slightly warmer northivwt portion Wednesday niyht; Thursday fair, warmer east portion. Social Security's Funds Taken for Federal Expense Almost One Billion Used Instead of liaising New Taxes PUT ON PAYROLLS C o vernment A pparently Anticipates Huge Industrial Reserve WASHINGTON - lA'i -Uncle .Sam has borrowed almost SJ.OOO.onu.not) from the nation.'.' wage' earners under provisions of the Social Security Act, Treasury ledgers showed Tucsd,,y. The act envisions the building of a huge reserve fund which evenlualy will aggregate more than S-IO.OOO.OOO.OOU. Special Treasury obligations are issued to the reserve fund. Benefits Under the old age pension and unemployment compensation programs are to be paid from it. In Treasury practice, tnx collections under the .security net flow into the government's general fund, or pool of ready cash. These i collections are spent for day-to-day j government operations. Hescrve Accounts Set Up j Against these collections, the Trens- '< ury deposits the special obligations in reserve accounts. Tlic.se obligations in! effect are promises to pay off old age ' imd unemployment benefits. The obligations thus far have aggregated $016,000,000, and the Treasury i.s indebted to the country's workers in that VOLUME 39—NUMBER 12 MOPE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 27,1937 PRICE 6c COPY ii ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft Japanese Refuse to Attend Peace Parley •—•"- (*) "- 1 - "— "- '—' - - - --•-'--- -- '- - -- - ' -. I -- 1 . . " ...— .M- ..... . '••- ". ,_, . -, . M..._ ,,.„.. ,, ._. . , ,. . .... .,. ,., ... ... .., . L_-_. _ -.. f"| • ' ~- ;~- l '" 1 "'~~ Asserts League's Movels Unfair: "Defensive War' 1 Brussels Conference Would Raise "Serious* Obstacle," Say Japs SHANGHAI IS LOST President Uoosvelt, noted in his revised budget message effects of the security law and the parallel railroad retircmnt act, said a total of §1.075.- | 000,000 in special reserve account obli- | gallons would l>e issued during this fiscal year. ' That total, he said, would he Miffi- j cient to finance the estimated SOT5,- 000,000 net deficit and reduce Die debt , outstanding in the hands of the public , by $380,000,000. I May Affect Investors | This system of borrowing eventually may have a profound effect on investment practice,, because it means a shift in federal borrowing from the money market to those who pay security taxes. Persons who have salted away their funds in tax-free federal obligations may find this field of investment dryig up. .So far, the Treasury has not actually bought back any of its outstanding obligations from investors, but this will be done as the reserve fund piles up. The Social Security Board and the Treasury are considering possible chances in the security law to put the old age and unemployment programs on a pay-as-you-go basis. Under this system, only a nominal reserve fund would he maintained. Collections from Social Security iiixux would be safeguarded into special accounts to pay off benefits. Common Dividend Issued for Steel Gift Is Obtained Here From Africa Okay .Student Receives Dried Money Skin From Gold Coast Payment P f One Dollar Vr Shun- Is First in 5 1 -. Years NKW YOHK </l'i After dei'hirinu, ii dividend of SI PIT .sluiiv on eiimmun .-lurk, wlm-li wdl distribute $8.71X1,000 in tin; first dividend "f common stuck in five anil one-half year.s, dnei'lors of the United Stales Steel Corporation moved Tuesday tu (urn over tile iiian- iiKuiiicnt of Us vast steel empire to yoiinyei 1 hand.s. Tlie common dividend i.s payable December 21) to stock of record Noveni- IK-I- 21). Directors also declared the usual quarterly dividend of SI.7.') on the preferred stock, pas able November 21), to stock of reioid October 2!l. Myron 'la>|oi. «>iu-ludinM Id >ears of rcadjustinu Hie i .ipit.il Mi u< lure of the company. tnoilcriii/iiiK its |il,-mt.s and injecliii/u' new blood into iLs management personnel, announced hi: would not accept re-election as c'hair- inan of the board at the next annual meeting. April -I. H)o8. Taylor. 63 made a fortune in textiles and retired at 51) only to be persuaded to enter the steel corporation after the death of Judge Elbvrt II. Gary. Edward J(. Siettmiu.s Jr.. .'Jii. will succeed Taylor. After e.r;«luatton fr<;m the University of Virginia in l!)2.'i. SU'Uij)iu.s entered tienerul Motors Corp., and .soon worked hi.s Way to a vice presidency. After serving for u short lime in Washington as liaison officer between ll.e Industrial Advisory Board and the NHA, he was Miss Mary Loui.se BUickwoocl, student in the Okay .school and small daughter ol Mr. and Mrs. T. Blackwood of thai place, has receiver ii dried monkey skin from Geoffrey K. A>are, Adum Monti, Akim Oda, Gold Coast of West Africa. '1 ne package from Asare, native of West Africa, wa.s mailed in July of tlii.s year and was received last week. 'Ihe Okay student corresponded with Asare as a part of her school work. Several students at Okay wrote letters to persons in foreign countries, asking variuux question's as to conditions and customs. A letter accompanied the package fiom Asare in which he asked for a wn.st-watch or camera in exchange for the monkey skin. In Akim Oda .In.;, play football and tenni.s—but no basketball. However, they play 11 j.ame called cricket ball, Asare wrote. - -*«» • en* 432 Barrels Day at Buckner Well Standard's McKean No. 1 Begins Steady Flow of Oil' MAGNOLIA, Ark.- McKean No. 1 hi'Kan a steady flow at approximately 18 barrels an hour or '132 barrels a day Tuesday, culminating a week of swabbing and cleaning in which flowagc Wii.i expectedly hourly. Drilling Id feet deeper Monday and making two swabs Tuesday, workmen n-pol U'd the well make a fine head i'ur IH minutes. After further checking, the ucll was allowed U> flow. After three hour.s an increasing gas prcs- -ure was still noted, causing oil men to predict the well will show 750 bar- icK per day by Wednesday night. The best banking day in the history if Magnolia was reported, and interest Heightened in four other deep tests ;n the county, now approaching pro- lucing Kinds. But Chinese Declare Their Retreat Is a Start- egic One TOKYO. Jnpan.—(/P(—Jnpnn form- nlly declined Wednesday the invitation to participate in the Brussels confer- once of the nine-power pact adherents on the Chi nose-Japanese war. A note handed to Belgian Ambassador Baron Albert de Bassompierre declared the conference, inspired by the League of Nations, would "put .serious obstacles in the path of a just and Mr.rincs to Fire SHANGHAI, China — i/P) — The United States marines were authorized Wednesday to open fire in self-defense on any airplane attacking them or non-combatants in their sector of the international settlement. Admiral Harry Yar- ncll, commander of the United Elates Asiatic fleet, authorized the defensive measures as fierce fighting, intensified by the retreat of Chinese troops from Chapel to the new deftnsc line, raged menacingly around the international settlement. •" proper solution" of the conflict. The Japanese foreign office simultaneously released a long informal statement reiterating its contention that Japan is fighting in self-defense. Chinese Give Up Shanghai NANKING, China.— (/P) —General Chang Chun, secretary-general of the Ghinese political council, rhoclnrcd Wednesday, "We are not disturbed by the Chinese evacuation of Chapei and Kiangwan." "The evacuation," ho said," "is merely u strategic retreat, and intended to give us stronger positions during the second defense line." City Primary Set Nov. 30; Lists Are to Close Saturday Candidates Must File Their Pledges and Fees by October 30 VOTE ON SIX OFFICE^ .._ y Hope to Choose 4 Aldei> men, City Attorney , and Clerk Ed VanSicklc, chairman of the City Democratic Central committee, an* nounced Wednesday that the city Democratic primary election date had been set for Tuesday, November 30. Candidates lor the following offices will be nominated: One alderman for each of the four wards of the city, a city attorney and city clerk. Voting precincts for the four wards, will be located as follows: , ! Ward One—Arkansas Bank & Trust Co., building. ; Ward Two—Frisco passenger station. Ward Three—55G Service station. Ward Four—City hall. The city Democratic central committee has fixed the fees for having names placed on the ballot as: city clerk, $20; city attorney, $20; alderman, $5. All candidates are required to file their party pledges and pay fees to City Clerk T. R. Billingsley at the city hall not later than midnight, October 30. . • .. •;•.-•,<,-.' •-• Latest Pictures in Nation-Wide Fight to Stop a Faulty Drug Football Banquet on Thursday Night Pep Meeting for Bobcats on Eve of Important Camden Game (Continued tin Page Six) Negro Is Held on Moonshine Count o (Jullons Seized in Police Raid on Home of John Jamisun Juhi) Jamison, jiegru, was held by police 1 Wednesday on charges of pos- •e.ssinu illegal whisky. Officers raid.•d Jamison's home Tuesday afternoon and .sei/.ed three gallons of moonshine. K'jrliciputing in tlic raid were Chief •)1 Police John Kidgdill, Hugh Bcurdcn .ind Claude Stewart, city officers, and UepiH.v Sheriff K. O. Hobitus. Jamison will be given u hearing in municipal court next Monday. 9»t**" China is a warm temperate, rather llum a tropical land. SliaiiiKliai Surrendering SHANGHAI, China — W)— Chinese defenders of Shanghai began a general retreat from war-shattered Chapei at dawn Wednesday nimble longer to withstand the Japanese pressure along the entire battle line near Shanghai. Japanese naval units fought their way into the bitterly-contested North S'tation in the haze of dawn and at fi:15 a. m. the rising sun flag was raised above thu shell-pocked station that withstood two months of the heaviest pounding. Japan also occupied the Kiangwan race course, just north of Shanghai, another lonu-fought-for sector on the North Shanghai front. On the north bank of Six>cliow creek, winding through the International Settlement opposite United Slates Marines and other foreign guards, Chi- nc.se soldiers were plainly seen hasily leaving their Chapei dugouts and joining the .strangling columns of Chinese troops that fell back before the Japanese advance. Behind them they left acres of ruins in the native eily that I they have defended for more than two months. Ki'tmit in Goml Order The Chinese were retreating in good order, most of them escaping the Japanese enveloping movement. They were expected to reorganize quickly on the creek banks. The majority withdrew under cover of darkness, but spirited rearguard action was going on at the bottleneck railway junction of the Shanghai-Nanking and Shanghai- Hungchow lines which provided the only outlet for tile Chinese west of ehapei. Twelve Japanese planes bombed and machine-gunned the retreating Chinese, attempting to cut off any remnants. Chinese M.idiin-*;mined A machine gun battle took place at Ihe Yuyaching bridge opposite United Stales Marine posts but there were no foreign casualties. Within sight of watchers Japanese troops lined up 10 Chinese soldiers captured in a pillbox fortification and machine gunned them with one burst of fire. Though at first no refugees crossed Koochow creek to international quarter safety, later numerous wounded fled across the stream and a trickle of refugees scurried over the Markl:am road bridge whenever there was u momentary cessation of conflict. I'lane Shot Down A Japanese bomber was shot down while strafing Chinese troops. Other Japanese planes that for the last few days had concentrated on the area north of Shanghai turned to the Poo- The Hope High Schoi football team and coaches will be guests Thursday night at a banquet and pep talk at the high school cafeteria. The banquet is sponsored by the Young Business Men's association. Tickets are now on sale and can be purchased from members of the association. Leo Robins will be master of ceremonies. Talks will be made by John P. Cox, Mayor Albert Graves and others. The banquet starts at 7:30 o'clock. The football team and coaches will be guests Wednesday night of Arthur Swanke, manager of the Saenger theater, to witness the showing of "Hold 'Ern Navy," featuring Lew Ayros. While 600 or more fans made preparations to ride the special train to Cam- dcn Friday night to witness the Hope Camden football game, C. O. Thomas, district highway engineer, issued road information to fans who intend to go in automobiles. Mr. Thomas advised those going in automobiles to make the trip on Highway 67 to Prescott and then on No. 24 to Camden. About two miles of the Hopc-Rosston-Cainden road is under construction, This road is narrow and is not a high-speed road, Mr, Thomas said. The road from Prescotl to the Ouachita county line is in good shape. South of Junction 53 and 25 on this road regravcling is underway and traffic should proceed carefuly, otherwise the road is in good shape. Already six of the patients to whom Dr. A. S. Calhoun, above, county health officer of Mount Olive, Mass., has administered the deadly elixir of sulfanilamide have died, and lie battles gallantly to save the lives of seven others whom he treated with the drug which, until the deaths, was believed to be a powerful agent against infection. Among those whose lives are imperiled is his nurse, Evelyn Shargrough. Pritchard Held in Child's Accident Hope Driver Declares He Didn't See Alice Jean Webb Police Chief John W. Ridgdill said Wednesday that H. O. Pritchard of Hope was arrested and released on bond in connection with an accident late Tuesday afternoon at Third and Pine streets in which Alice Jean Webb, 13, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Everett N. Webb, was injured. Ridgdill said Pritchard had posted bond on a charge of failing to stop after a motor accident. Ridgdill said that Pritchard claimed he did not see the girl who was knocked to the pavement by an automobile driven by him. The Webb girl received medical attention at Josephine hospital and was later removed to her home. She sustained a deep scalp wound, cuts and bruises about the body. She is not believed to be seriously hurt. Divalry for influence in Korea was the cause of the Chino-Japanoso war in 1894-1895. (Continued on Page Three) Film Star Brother Taken by Police Leopold McLaglen Denies Extortion Charge at Los Angeles LOS ANGELES, Calif.-l/I > i~LtH.pil.l pold McLaglen, 49, brother of the screen star Victor McLaglen. was Ixioked at the county jail Wednesday on a suspicion of solicitation of the commission of a crime and suspicion of subornation of perjury. McLaglen vehemently denied to Sheriff's Inspector William Penprasu that he had tried to "shake down Millionaire Philip Chancellor for $8.000 salary bonus. • ^n» »««*- • The great mass of Chinese paintings are on silk. A Thought Nothing, indeed, but the possession of some power can with any certainty discover what at the bottom is the true character of any man.—Burke. MIND Your MANNERS Test your knowledge of correct social usage by answering the following questions, then checking against the authoritative answers below: 1. Should a club or organization send flowers to a guest speaker? 2. How many gardenias is it correct for a woman to wear in the evening? 3. Is it suitable for a woman to send flowers to a man who is ill or convalescing? 4. Is giving a reception for their friends a suitable way for a man and wife to celebrate a silver wedding anniversary? 5. Is it good taste to cover the top of a piano with vases and photographs? What would you do if— You wish to send flowers to a woman who has been especially kind to you and yet you have very little money to spend-(a) Decide that it would be better to send nothing if you cannot send enough to make u big show? (b) Buy at least a dozen expensive flowers—even though you can't afford them? (c> Take what money you have and buy either two or three expensive flowers or more of some simple variety? Answers 1. U is courteous. 2. Not more than throe. 3. Yes. 4. Yes. 5. No. Best "What Would You Do" so- lution—(c). Most people would regret having you spend more on them than they knew yon could really afford. Bulletins DANVILLE, III.—(/P)—A Wabash railroad passenger train plowed into a stalled freight eight miles west of here Tuesday night, killing (hrce trainmen and injuring eight other persons. PAKfS, France.—(/P)—The Duke of Windsor, in his first public speech since his radio farewell to the empire after his abdication last December, announced Wednesday that he is going to America as a "completely independent observer, without political consideration," hut hoped to aid in "solving some vital problems that beset the world today." The duke addressed the Anglo-American Press association. The 37 deaths that have already- been attributed to a toxic preparation of elixir of sulfanilamide fail to dim the cheerfulness of Evelyn Shargrough, Mount Olive, Mass., nurse to whom a dose of the poison was adminis- •® tered in the belief it was a powerful agent against infection. She is helping to care foij, six others who took the'drug. ' WASHINGTON—(/P)—The Interstate Commerce Commission has approved a reorganization plan for the Louisiana & Northwest Railroad Co., effective January I, 1928. The line operates between Chestnut, Ln., and McNeil, Ark, Peace Officers to Convene in Hope Possibility J. Edgar Hoover May' Address State Convention BENTON, Ark.-iA 1 )—Sheriff E. L. Ramsey of Woodruff county was elected president of the Arkansas Peace Officers and Sheriffs association here Tuesday. Other officers named at the closing session of the group's annual convention were Sheriff J. E. Bearden, Hempstead county, first vice president; Lieut. Earl Scoggin, slate police, second vice president; and W. C. Craig, Jonesboro, secretary-treasurer Ire-elected I. Hope was awarded the 1938 convention. To Set Date Later The date of the Arkansas Peace Officers and Sheriffs Association meeting in Hope next year will be determined at a later meeting of the executive committee of the organization, Sheriff Jim Bearden who was instrumental in bringing the convention to Hope, staid Wednesday. Sheriff Bearden said that he hoped to inukc arrangements for the principal speaker to be Edgar Hoover of Washington, D. C., chief of the U. S. Department of Justice agents. Bwirden said the BenUm meeting was the most successful held in recent years. The organization is composed of members of all law enforcement bodies. This past summer a meeting of the Sheriffs Association of Arkansas was held in Hope. Burnsidc Infant The infant son of Mr. and Mrs. H. O. Bumside died Tuesday night in Julia Chester hospital. Funeral services were held at 4:30 p. m. Wednesday in Macedonia cemetery. Mrs Burnside was the former Miss Mary Belle King. M'Caskill Child Is First Reported Victim in State Faulty Compound of Sulf anilamide Believed Cause of Death 50 DIE IN NATION Dr. J. E. Gentry Exhumes Body, Sends Viscera to Little Rock The first Arkansas death believed attributed to elixir of sulfahalahiide — faulty medicine which killed 50 persona in the United States before medical authorities could recall it from 1 the drugstores — was reported from McCaS-> * kill, this county, Wednesday by Dr. J. E. Gentry. . The victim was Jenell Long, 7-year- old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Monroe Long, farin family living near McCaskill in northern Hempstead county. The Long child died Sunday after treatment by elixir of sulfanilarnide for streptococcus infection over her entire body, Dr. Gentry said. Four persons were administered elixir of sulfnnilamide by Dr. Gentry, and the Long child was the only one adversely affected, he said. i Discovered This Week At the time the medicine was being* administered — last week— there was no hint of possible danger. The, Long child died-; Sunday, and the first .pubsi lie announcement of the possible deadly effect of 0M^"elixir" came in Mon-, , 1 ' " >u ""* 1 "* Peace Parley for Labor Is Recessed No Break in Deadlock— Negotiations to Be Resumed November 4 WASHINGTON.—m—Labor's peace conference recessed Wednesday until November 4, after each side had turned down the other's peace proposal. Harvey Freming, negotiator for the Committee for Industrial Organization (CIO), said the recess "in no way is considered a permanent disagreement." AFL Counter-Proposal WASHINGTON.-OT—The American Federation of Labor called Wednesday for the dissolution of John L. Lewis' rebel Committee for Industrial OT- ganization (CIO) as the Federation's terms fo rending labor's big civil war. The Federation's three-man peace committee, headed by George M. Harrison, president of the Railway Mail Clerks, submitted this proposal at the peace conference Wednesday morning. It came as a counter-suggestion to the CIO proposal Tuesday for the establishment of an autonomous CIO department in the AFL. The AFL proposal called for: The return to the Federation of all CIO unions that once were AFL members in good standing. A conference between all other CIO unions, and corresponding unions in the Federation, to try to work out a program bringing the new CIO unions into the Federation upon mutually agreeable terms. Settlement of all outstanding differences at the next AFL convention. Immediate dissolution of Ihe CIO. Conference observers felt Lewis would repect the proposal. The T'and dynasty, eighth and ninth centuries A. D., was the most glorious age of Chinese poetry. 1. Name the Great Lakes. Which is the largest? The smallest? Which is deepest ? Which is shallowest? 2. This is easy. How many ships in Bolivia's navy. 3. Are automobile tires more likely to blow out on a hot or on a cold day? 4. What one word means both "apartment" and "level"? 5. If Jones had purchased another can of peaches, as his wife had asked him to do, then he would have bought an equal number of cans of fruit and vegetables. Later he bought a can of beans. HOVV many more cans of vegetables than fruit did Jones buy? Answers on Classified Page l > * nouncement from Chicago ^headquarters of the American Medical 'association. This announcement, • carried by the Associated .Press, was repeated by, the Star Monday afternoon; ana 1 there was a second story in Tuesday's edition, also from the medical association. The warning from tne meoioai association, and ',the quick. recall of pll sales- of the ".elixir" aroused Dr. Gen T try's suspicion. ' \ The Long child died Sunday and was buried Monday. Obtaining permission of her parento, Dr. Gentry exhumed the body Tuesday, conducted a post-mortem, and sent viscera to Dr. M. J. Kilbury, pathologist in the Donaghey building, Little Bock, for an examination. Dr. Kilbury then telephoned Dr. Morris Fishbein, publishing head of the American Medical association, at Chicago. No report has been received from the pathologist as yet. The official medical position is con- , tained in the following Associated Press dispatches, the first originally appearing in Monday's Star (Tuesday on the mail, and the second in Tuesday's Star (Wednesday on the mail): Monday's Dispatch CHICAGO— (#)— A nationwide race with death, its object recovery of more than 700 bottles, jnostly pints, of a new liquid medicine, named elixir of sult'anilamide which has caused 36 verified deaths, was described over (Continued on Page Three) Over 150 Attend Training Course Baptist Programs Begiji Nightly at 7 o'clock, ''" This Week The trainini**courses at the First Baptist church broke bounds Tuesday night with a total attendance of over 150 Sunday school teachers and church workers. The Rev. Frank W. Patterson, pastor of First Baptist church of Nashville, Ark., delivered an address on "Obligations of the Sunday School Teacher" at the inspirational period. The Rev. Mr. Patterson used com* bined chalk talk and object-sermon methods to illustrate his points, stress* ing the fact that Sunday school and church leaders should seek to live lives which point directly toward the road to hope on the King's Highway. The class work and inspirational sessions will continue Wednesday night through Friday night. Each night's session opens at 7, but those who cannot come that early may begin the program at any time they come. The inspirational period opens 3t 7:45. Cotton NEW ORLEANS. — (P) ~ Dieceniber cotton opened Wednesday at 8.19 and closed at 8.19-20. Spot cotton closed quiet two points down, middling 8.20.
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