Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on October 25, 1937 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

Hope, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Monday, October 25, 1937
Page 1
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ma* mmnt tun rnii^iiMah«iaiJBaB^ta<i»»aMtt-aaiittaj.»^aiaB^ ,. ..... 1 ^ _ .. . [j.jri _ Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex. H. Washburn-Justice in Mexico in Mokico vvhcro il used to be that a few owned all the land and most of tho people had none at all a radical Farm-Labor government is remedy ing matters— but not without trouble. Like other American newspaper editors 1 appear to be on the regular mailing list of "The Mexican News Letter," published by the National Revolutionary Party, Paseo Del La Keforma 18. Mexico, I). F,— in which I gather up a few threads from the latest land dispute. "Tho Mexican News Letter" rushes in this time to explain that the Supreme Court of Mexico has just finished putting some over-zealous peasants off some land they had no claim to — and the News Letter comments as follows: "Individual owners have frequently charged that the law as applied places them at the mercy of groups that wait until the crops are ready for harvesting to apply for land. Substantiation of these charges have been rare indeed, and when, as in the present case, the courts have been resorted to, full justice has been made." So says the official Mexican News Letter — and since we Americans are apt to be highly prejudiced against any procedure south of the Hio (.Jrande il should be worth while to cast a glance at the exact nature of Mexico's land policy. "'Die Mexican constitution," .says tht 1 News Letter, "provides for two systems of land tenure: Communal fonns carved out of former Inrge estates or plantations, and small individually-owned farms. Both kinds must be cultivated by the owners, failing which they are liable to expropriation proceedings 'ii favor of landless individuals or groups applying for soil." They call Mexico's present government "radical"— but that's a misnomer, judging, from the above statement. Of course the justice of any governmental program rests with its execution rather than its avowed aim— but .so far as their aims urc concerned the Mexicans arc; only doing what their Anglo- Saxon brothers have clone in generations past and will continue to do in the fulure. Early United Slates citi/.ens were very careful to make sure that all the people might have a chance to own land. Australia, which once was wholly owned by a few absentee English families, had a bloodless revolution many years ago that .successfully divided the land among virtually all of the people. Tile only sure charge of injustice in land matters would be a case where one man after actually planting and cultivating a crop is forced to stand aside and see a shiftless man harvest what he hadn't worked for, Mexico appears to recognize that point quickly enough — and afficial- ly tells the world the usurpers have been kicked out and -"justice has been done." Cotton Picker to Replace Hands; But It WiHBe Slow Present Machine Cost Ii $1.65, Against $1 for Human Hands IS TO BE REDUCED Machine Will Cut Cost to 65 Cents, in Next 5 or 10 Years WASHINGTON ~(/I'i~ Agricultural economists of the Works Progress Administration said over the weekend a growing interest in the mechanical cotton picker might lend to displacement of half n million field hands within five or 10 years. In n report to Administrator Harry Hopkins, they said a widespread use of tl.c picking machine might bring other important changes in production of cotton—a reduced number of tenants and sharecroppers, greater use of machinery in other phases of mechanized tillage and harvest, and an increase in the size of cotton farms. "Although the plight of the unfortunate people displaced should not be minimized," the report said, "neither should concern for their future obscure the fact that picking cotton by hand is slow and tedious work. "In the long r.un, society will gain ctio T</d required to produce a given quantity of cotton." The economists said, however, tho present mechanical picker fails to get all the cotton in the field, loses part of the seod, and places trash and discoloration in the lint. iMnrhinr ricking Higher Now They estimated the co.st of machine harvesting al S1.K5 per 100 pounds, compared lo SI per 101) for hand picking. They said, therefore, that "the mechanical picker in its present stage jf development is not likely to take the cotton belt by storm." An improved two-row, twice-over tnachine having a longer life and re: imriiiu only one operator, the report j viid, might lower the cost of ine- ! .•haiucal picking to about 65 cents per 100—assuming cotton left in the field :ould be reduced In three per cent j md the loss from lowered quality lo | light l*r cent. I "Successful one and two row ma| :hincs, if developed," it said, "might n the course of perhaps 10 years be ipphed to an upper limit of about half ; '.he present cotton acreage and di.s- .)lacc a maximum of 2,000,OU(> hand I lickers for the picking season of about • 10 work-days. I "The displacement of half a mil, .ion pickers within a period of five - o 10 years appears more probable, ; lowever." < Tho spread of the machine, it .said, probably will be gradual rather than •aidileri, because "rapid inechanua- .ion has occurred only where the fi- Franco Prepares Final Rebel Drive Insurgents Hope to End Civil War Before Another Winter (Continued on Page Fivct 103 Turn Out for PTA School Here Mrs. 1'Yed Gantt of Foreman Principal Speaker Saturday The P.-T. A. School of In.stmuction. icld Saturday in the high school build- 1>M here, was attended by HKi persons. Mrs Fred (jantt of Foreman, di- cclor of district 13, was the principal ;)x.'aluT. Her topic was "Guiding Vim-ipals of the P. T. A.." The following program was given: Registration - !):3U to II) a. m. )evotional Mrs. V. A. Hammond. Bu.xiiif.ss session. Skit With an without the P. T. A. ly Marion Smith, K. I'. Young. Jr., and "YaiK'is Yoriun. Open forum-Loci hy Mi.ss Beryl fcnr.v, .superintendent of .schools. Address-Mrs. Fred Giinll of Fure- uan. 12 lo I p. m.- Luncheon served in ligh school cafi'leriii. licadmg Mi.ss Patricia Thomas, What the World Needs." Open fi»riim led by Mi.ss Beryl Hen,y. Plans were made at ibis time to iclp organi/.e a P. T. A, unit at Spring The committee aiding in serving uncheon was Mr,-,, IJoo Smith. Mr.s. V K. McKaddin, Mr*. Walter Carter, .Irs. John Outline, Mrs. HoueycuH, Irs. KO.S.S, Mrs. Joe C'olemiin. Mr.s. J. i. William- Mr.- Mu h and Mir N V. IVnty. IJ.v the 1 Associalcd Press Generalissimo Francisco Franco, dictator of insurgent Spain, prepared Monday for a now and gigantic of- fennvo effort to end the civil war before fighting is boiled down by winter weather. His Ki'a.sp on northwestern Spain score. Franco concentrated his troops -Italians among them—at Ziiniguzu, 175 miles northeast of Madrid. His objective was lo cut away government-held Spain—the section suoth anil east from Madrid to the Mediterranean--from the allied but autonomous Catalan state in northeast Spain. •' Other facel.s of the Spain war situation were: The French freighter Mellah was bombi'il in the Mediterranean by an- idcntifii'd plane, and the British liner Kai.ser-I-Hind radioed that an unidentified .seaplane had dropped, two Hope Star VOLUME 39—NUMBER 10 WEATHER. Arkan*a*-Fair and warmer extreme cast M onday niflht; Tuesday fair, cooler north and central. HOPE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, OCTOBER 25, 1937 PRICE 6 CHINESE CHECK JAPS I Make Fans Must Place Reservations Now to Obtain Special "Yes" or "N^for Camden Football Train by Tuesday Afternoon TEST FOR~BOBCATS Must Defeat Camden to Keep Position in "Biff 15" Race The Hope High School Athletic Committee announced Monday that a special train has been chartered to tarry tho football squad, the 63-picce Hope Boys band and follower.-; of the team to Camden Friday night where the Bobcats will engage the Panthers in what promises lo be a bitterly-fought battle. The commitce wants to know how many train coaches will bo necessary for the trip. All persons who intend to ride the special arc urged to telephone the high school, No. 167, immediately. Must Know Now As all railroads are short of equipment, due lo increased transportation, the committee must know not latei than Tuesday afternoon how many Soul Clinics Draw Thousands Seeking Right Niche in Life Problems Range From Trivial Worries to Important Marriage HAPPINESS IS GOAL coaches to order. Round trip fare is $1.32. Half fare is (Continued on Page Five) MIND Your MANNERS Test your knowledge or correct .social usage by answering the following questions, then checking against the authoritative answers below: 1. Is it niM:e.s.sary for a man to open the door for any woman who happens to be entering al tl.r same lime lie is, whether lie know her or not. 2. Should a boy raise Ms hat when he meets a man. as wull as a woman, acquaintance on the .street'.' .'i. .Should a young yirl offer her seal on the street car to u man who is Manding? •1 When one is finding a seat in a movie, is it considerate for him to hold hi* coat so that it will not swish the heads of the persons in the row ahead'.' 5. In a street car. is i! good manners lit read a newspaper over the .shoulder of one'.s neighbor'.' What \vould you di> if— You are a woman and a man has jnst given up his seal to you on a .street car or bus la i Smiling sa> , "Thank you'".' ibi Accept il as your due and .say nothing'"' lei Say. "You're .such a m-ntle- inan So few men are thoughtful"'.' Answers 1. Ye.v 2. Ye.-.. .'i Not unless he is totleiuiy \\ilh ilgl 1 III llllle.SA. •I. Yes. ;, NO. H M "What Would You Do" solution <a> iC.ipyiigbi HCT, NKA .Service, Inr.) G6 cents (half fare being for children from 5 lo 12 years old). The .special train will leave the Missouri Pacific depot at 4:30 p. m. and will arrive in Camden at 6:30 o'clock Tho train wUl leave Camden about 10:45 for the return trip, arriving in Hope at 12:45 a. m. Saturday. If you expect to ride the special, telephone your reservations now. The committee must know whether 200 or 800 persons arc going. The train will be patroled by faculty members and Missouri Pacific special agents. Team Ts Heady Coach Foy Hammons said Monday that his (earn come out of the Nashville game Friday night in "pretty good shape" and that he expected every member of the squad to bo in top condition by Friday. Fullback Joe Eason, who failed to see action against the Nashville team because of an ankle injury, will report for practice 'Monday, Swelling in the ankle has subsided and he is expected to be in his regular position against the Panthers. Freeman Stone has a leg injury, but is expected to be in shape. Coach Hammons said he would take no chances on injury for any of his players, cancelling hi.s scrimmage work. Much time will be devoted to offensive drill. The Bobcats will be risking Uieir conference position against Camden, the locals having won two games in the "Big 15" against no defeats. Camden has been defeated by Little Rock and Pine Bluff. The Panthers will be after their first conference win of the .season. 'Hie officials will be Billy Dunaway, Clark Jordan and lid Cole. Tile game Marls at 8 o'clock. Trench Silo Is to Be Demonstrated Demonstration 1:30 p, m. Wednesday at Lee Garland Farm A trench silo demonstration will be held at Lee Garland's farm Wednesday, October 27, at 1:30 p. m. The farm is located four miles from Hope on the Hope-Sieving highway. This is the same demonstration that was announced sime time ago but due to weather conditions it had to l>e postponed. There are numerous advantages of preserving feed in a silo, the most important being: 1 Feed preserved as silage carries a feeding value from two lo three times Hieater than the same feed when cut and placed in the barn. Silage is a paltable feed, readily Willis Thorn ton Concludes 5-Article Series-on Eternal Search This is the last of five stories on the diverse roads down which millions are drawn In today's frantic pursuit of happiness. By WILLIS THORNTON NEA Service Staff Correspondent More than a half-million people have been treated at n single "Body and Soul Clinic" in New York City. Thai gives you an idea of how people who are unhappy and defeated by life are turning to the psychiatrist and the psychologist for guidance toward happiness today. And the New York clinic is only one of dozens scattered about the country, straightening out problems of love, vocational guidance and the like. Dr. Edward Spencer Cowles, who runs the Body and Soul Clinic in the Stuyvestant Casino, on New York's East Side, explains thus the neec that called it forth: "There arc literally millions, of iear- sufforers on "the•"borderland of in* sanity—people who are afraid to cross streets, look out high windows, afraid of crowds, afraid to enter subways, afraid of autos, afraid of nearly everything." In short, acutely unhappy ones who may, unless trcatmtnt is provided, turn into actual mental cases and become a burden to the state. Dr. Cowles, whose work is estimated to have saved the state of New York $5,000,000 a year in care of mental cases, believes there should be a psychiatrist assigned to every public school. But he adds bitterly, "You can even get money for shrubbery, but for these pitiful cases in our living midst, nothing." Ran Into Opposition Dr. Cowles has reason for some little bitterness, for his experiences in establishing and maintaining his clinic have been hectic enough. It was in 1923 that he opened, in the church of St. Mark's-in-the-Bouwerie on New York's East Side, a clinic in which he gave his patients first a thorough physical examinatio nand treatment, for Dr. Cowles is a qualified physician. Then a mental history was taken, sufficient to lay bare any conflicts [hat had been causing unhappiness. A How Japs' North China Wedge Flanks Siberia OUTER. MONGOLIA (8OVI6T1ZBDJ ealen by live-stock .'•!. Grain sorghums can >i Mlau,e during drouth periods that will IK/I make corn. 1 Trench silo.s are easily construct- I with any ca.sh cost. little assurance here, a little advice there, a little straightening up of a ncntal kink, and 80 per cent of the patients were able to overcome their lifficulties. But opposition arose, and after a bitter controversy the clinic was kicked out of the church in 1932, whereupon it was immediately established on in independent basis. It still operates with more than 3000 patients often its rolls at one lime, and more than 500,000 who have received its benefits. Services to Millions Lest this give you the somewhat widely-held idea that we're all going crazy, listen to Dr. C. M. Hincks, general director of the National Commilee for Mental Hygiene. He predicts a decrease in mental disease, and says statistics are misleading because treatment is now available for so many more people that cases are now known which would formerly have existed but been concealed. Nevertheless, tho number of unhappy, maladjusted, potentially-unbalanced people turning daily to psycho- analyists and psychologists is impressive. It may turn out that the "Soul Clinic," so-called, is the most important medical development of the century. In varying forms, it is gradually extending its services to millions. Dozens of Clinics Boston has a Worry Clinic, which s just about what yo uwoulcl expect from the name. San Francisco has its Family Relations Center, where Henry M. Grant offers guidance U> husbands j md wives in their marriage problems. New York has its Psychological Service Center, directed by Dr. Henry Three spearheads sought to advance the Japanese stcom roller into North China. One seized (he railroad terminus nt Paotow, thus gaining virtual control of most of Suiyunn province. Another pressing along the Pleplng-Hankow rnllrond, occupied Hope! province and entered the northern Up of Homin. A third operating along the Tientsin-Nanking rallrond advanced almost to the Yellow river, controlling part of northern Shantung. New resistance is being met on the Hopci-Shansi border from a Chinese Red army. Fitted into the general map of eastern Asia, the Japanese advance reveals its strategic value. Note how its westerly thrust "flanks" Russian territory to the north. Outer Mongolia, whose capital is Urga, is SovletJzed, and Stalin has announced he would defend its territory. Directly north lies Lake Baikal, "bottleneck" of the Trans-Siberian railway, Russia's lone line of communication with cast Siberia. Thus already the Japanese advance has "flanked" Russian Siberia by a wedge 1300 miles inland t o the west of Valadivostok. Japan for First Time Admits Her Army Is Stopped 100,000 Men, Tanks,- and' Planes, "Slowed Down" ' at Shanghai STILL DEADLOCKED Oriental War Now Focus-, ed on Tazang, North of Shanghai SHANGHAI, Chlna.-fPM3eneralis-" simo Chiang Kai-Shek's embattled Chinese armies stopped the. Japanese juggernaut's offensive Monday after six days and night of heavy fighting on the Shanghai front. A Japanese army spokesman admitted that the general Japanese advance of "more than 100,000 men" aided by tanks, plans and 'continued bomb- •, bardment was "slowed down." Bitter fighting amid the ruins'of Tazang, strategic communications point five miles north of Shanghai, still it ' in progress. '*•""* Scottsboro Negro Loses U. S, Appeal Justice Black Declines to Participate in Case of Patterson WASHINGTON.-(/F>)-Haywood Patterson, one of nine negroes involved in the famous Scottsboro case, lost in the United States Supreme Court Monday in his effort to escape a 75-year prison sentence imposed by the Alabama courts for an alleged attack on a white woman. In announcing tho denial of Patterson's petition, the court said Justice Black "took no part in the consideration or the decision on this application." That removed any possibility of a challenge of Black's position on the bench on the ground that he is a former member of the Ku Klux Klan. Arkansas State Court' ' LITTLE ROCK.— (K*)— The Arkansas! Supreme Court Monday upheld the luthority of the Arkansas Corporation Commission to regulate and control Bulletins WASHINGTON — (/P) — Labor leaders caucused at noon Monday to map their strategy for the resumption at 2 p. m, of the peace conference between the American Federation of Labor and the Committee for Industrial Organization. As an indication that some progress might be expected, George M. Harrison, chairman of the AFL committee, said at the close of tho morning session: "Maybe we will have some news this afternoon." BRUSSELS, Belgium—(/P)—The government of Premier Paul Vnn- Zeelend resigned Monday night. TEXARKANA county's 29th oil Monday. • W — Miller well came in (Continued on Page Five) •-»«•» Cazort Is Named Bankrupt Referee Schneider Resigns, Ex- Lieut.-Gov. Cazort Succeeds Him LITTLE ROCK-(yr>)—Joe H. Schneider, federal referee in bankruptcy for Ihe United States district court here since September, 192D, rtsigncd Monday, effective December 1. Judge T. C. Trimble named former Lieutenant Governor Lee Cazort his . ay Negro Stabbed to Death; M Is Held J. C. Lewis Killed at Fulton, and James Taylor Is Arrested Deputy Sheriff Reginald Bearden Monday afternoon announced the arrest of James Taylor, 35-year-old Fulton negro, for the fatal stabbing of J. C. Lewis, another negro, who was killed early Sunday at Fulton. The Taylor negro was arrested at Fulton and taken to the county jail at Washington to await a preliminary hearing at 10 a. m. Tuesday before Justice of the Peace Logan at Fulton. Bearden also announced the arrest of Ed Caplc, Arthur Caple and Montgomery Hill, all negroes, for the burning of the William Hixon home four miles north of DeAnn Sunday morning. The three negroes were arrested Sun- it and are held in the Wash- successor, ington jail, to await a hearing before Judge Trimble said Schneider asked Municipal Judge W. K. Lemley at to be relieved because of private busi- Hope next Monday, ness interests. Hixon, a negro, was unable to explain a cause for tho burning of his Official Canvas* c of County's Vote Bailey 1,001 and Miller 965, Including Absentee Ballots The official Hempstead county vote in the senatorial election held last Monday and released for publication this Monday gave Governor Bailey a total of 1,001 votes to 965 for Congres- man John E. Miller, the successful candidate. The official canvass was made Saturday and released for publication Monday by John Barrow, secretary of the Hempstead county election board. Judge A. P. Steele, candidate for iudge of the sixth chancery district, polled 1,890 votes in Hempstead county, the official canvass showed. He was elected to fill the unexpired term of the late Judge Pratt Bacon of Texarkana, The official vote: Stocks Score Big Gain on Monday Initial Losses Early i Converted ln\6 Increase NEW YORKH4r>-A to buy -Tope Ward One •Tope Ward Two ... •lope Ward Three . Hope Ward Four .... iountry Box Five locky Mound Shover Springs Bailey Miller 126 87 38 42 61 10 12 2 lenterville Jardis 7 'atmos 16 Stephenson School House 12 No first-rate literary Chinese book ivoL'ld be intelligible if redd aloud e.\- iclly a.s it is written, for colloquial ux- iiri'SMoii-; of .speech have im equivalent n l.'l.ine. e cb'iiciclc'rs. Unk, who wrote "The Return to Re- grown Injmn." H,iboken also has at the Stevens In- .stitute of Technology a famous center j tor vocational guidance headed by I Johnson O'Connor. Here 200.000 people i have been analyzed for their aptitude toward various kinds of work, in the hope of fitting them more suitably into life. There are a dozen more such clinics, (Continued on Page Five) 1. Formosa, an island off the coast of China, is controlled by: China, Japan, Russia, England. Germany, United States. 2. How many different combinations of United States coins will make 15 cents? 3. If you travel until your watch is one hour slow, have you gone cast or west. •i. What single word describes generally the following words: Ingrain. Bru-ssels, Wilton. Velvet. Axminstcr? 5. A lady purchased a pair uf .shoes and two pairs of shoe lace* for $5.75. if she paid $5 mure fui the shoes than she did for one of the pairs of laces, how much did the two pairs of laces cost her? Answcrj, on t lassii'icil Page (Continued on Page Five) Bailey Is Seeking Fund for Hospital Asks Washington to Release $70,000 of PWA Allotment WASHINGTON — (&) - Governor Bailey of Arkansas arrived Monday to ask the release of $70.000 of Public Works Administration (PWA) funds for extensions to the State Hospital for Nervous Diseases. Ho said also he expected to sec- So- cinl Security officials about details of the btatc unemployment compensa- Dun system. The government said he would be joined here by Comptroller Goff anil Lah.ir Commissioner McKinlcy. Spring Hill Battle Field Fulton . McNab '...". Guernsey Saratoga Columbus Cross Roads Washington Box One Washington Box Two Jaja Jones Ozan Goodlett Union Bingen Tokio ..' Belton McCaskill i; Friendship Blevins Wallaceburg Deanneyville Beard's Chapel Fine Grove DoAnn Absentees Total ... 19 ... 12 ... 44 ... 5 .. 27 ... 25 15 .. 17 ... « ... 46 ... 13 ... 34 ... 27 ... 8 29 ... 2 20 ... 20 9 ... 48 . a . 43 .. 7 . 22 . 23 16 1001 143 119 77 38 69 7 S 4 10 34 U 21 0 32 25 3 9 36 4 30 30 6 36 29 20 21 18 6 37 5 30 3 6 9 11 16 5 965 jerked the stock market out of an early decline Monday into a spectacular advance, and turned initial losses' of ?1 to $5 a share into proportionately large net gams before mid-day. - <• • •. - _ 18 Cases Heard in al Court Minor Charges Reviewed by Judge W. K. Lemley Monday s Municipal Court Judge W. K. Lemley disposed of 18 cases Monday, The docket consisted merely of cases of disturbing the peace, drunkenness and petty larceny. The results: Robert Poindexter, disturbing the peace, $5. Fred Scott, assault and battery, $5, Roscoe Diggins, disturbing the peace, $2.50. Will Fritt, disturbing the peace, fined ?2.50. Leonard Webb, assault and battery, fined ?2.50. John Moss, Jr., disturbing the peace, $2.50, Sid Martin, John Howard, Jack James and Jim Fulks pleaded guilty and forfeited ?10 cash bonds on charges of drunkenness. Frank Carnes, drunkenness, dismiss, ed by City Attorney W. S. Atkins. Edward Poindexter, reckless driving, dismissed. Howard Threal, carnal abuse, dis« missed. C, A. Phippin, overloading a motor truck, dismissed. Tom Carrel, petit larceny, dismissed. He was charged with stealing a chain, the value of $1, from W. L, Porter. Alyin Scott, assault and battery, dismissed. The Reconstruction Finance Corpor» Farmer Killed as Gun Is Fired Accidentally AMITY, Ark.-^-W. H. Jackson, 52, farmer, was killed Monday when his shotgun discharged accidentally as he went to investigate a poultry house disturbance at his home five miles west of here. Sweden ranks sixth among the shipbuilding nations of the world, following Great Britain, Germany, Japan, the United States and the Netherlands. Most vessels built in Sweden an> for f tfeign nations. (Continued on Page Five) Local Hospital on Approved U.Slist Josephine Hospital Given Rating by College of Surgeons LITTLE ROCK-iff) - The clinical congress of the American College of Surgeons has placed 22 Arkansas hospitals upon the 1937 list of institutions approved by the 20th annual hospital standardization conference. Arkansas institutions among the 2,621 approved throughout the nation, wv» eluded: El Dorado: Henry C. Ros Memorial, and Warner grown. Hope: Josephine. Russellville: St. Mary's Texarkana: Michael Meagher, St. Louis & So •4 I

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