visions A-2 & A-S Graphic Arts Code. '*£*% / "S Star Arkansa»-Cencrally fedr Wednesday night and Thursday. VOLUME 35—NUMBER 284 (AIM—Mcnnn yt»*»flnln) I'rosii Mrnim HOPE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 13 1934 GO MORRO OFFICER The News Review -By BRUCE CATTON T I' you can believe Relief Administrator Harry L. Hopkins, 1 the present period of economic evolution is going to end in .1 system of 4 per cent capitalism. Charles Levine Fails in Try to Commit Suicide 'First Trans-Atlantic Air Passenger Turns on Five Gas Jets CHAM BERLIN'S PAL Police Emergency Crew Foils Attempt—Had Left Two Notes BROOKLYN. N. Y. —(/I')— Charles A. Lcvinc, the first /mis-Atlantic airplane passenger, was found unconscious Wednesday beside five open gas jets in the kitchen of a friend's house. Three notes lay on ;' • ' He was revived by a police emergency crew. Dr. Raymond Shea, of Kings County hospital said he would probably recover. Albert J. Walter, whom Lcvinc was visiting .smelted gas at 4 a.m and found Levine slumped in a chair. One of th notes was addressed lo him. 11 said: "My dear Walter: "f jusl cannol go on. You and your family havu been awfully sweet lo me. I deeply appreciate your kindness. Please forgive me. "C. A. L." Another note was addressed lo £ J. Kaufman in a Manhattan hotel, ant the third bore the name "Dodo." ""P6Itce"dcelIned to "reveal -their cotl , tcnts. ' Lcvinc flew with Clarence Cham berlain to Berlin in June, 1027. Thcj covered 3905 miles before landing. Funds Unavailable for State Schools Commissioner Phipps L Turned Down in Request for $2,500,000 LITTLE ROCK —(/P)— "No relief funds are available al present for Arkansas schools" said a message received by W. E. Phipps, commissioner of education from Dr. L. R. Alderman, director of emergency education al Washington. . The message rpioted Harry L. Hopkins, national relief administrator, and was in reply to u messugc from Commissioner Phipps Monday asking (mediate action on Arkansas' request for $2,r>flfl,0(IO school aid. Stale officials said they planned to lake no further action until a reply is received from a similar aid request senllo President Roosevelt. II is 1111- dor.stldd here that the president has the [lower lo earmark a portion of relief funds for schools. Commissioner Phipps said that ii the absence of assurance from Washington, local officials of the 127 schuo districts which have empty treasuries miisl decide for themselves whelhet to allow schools to remain closed or <£ By fhs Mr. Hopkins means that the return on invested funds will proceed at n much slower rate (linn we have been used to in the past. Capital's f.luirn of the profits in industrial enterprise is going to be smaller, in other words; the day of fortunes that arc built on u -shoestring will be over, and money invested in a going company wil bring only a little more than il now brings in a savings account. The prediction sounds fairly mild, until you begin to look at it a bit. Then you discover that it is a foce- cast of almost revolutionary change XXX The old axiom—never literally true, but close enough to it for practical purposes—has boon that putting your money in comon stocks is speculation, while putting it in bonds is investment. Buy bonds and you get a sure return, limited to a certain figure; buy slocks and you run the risk of getting no return at all—but, as a compensation for this risk, you msiy make a profit many times higher than any bond issue would bring you. Under a system of 4 per cent capitalism, the stockholder would be righ where the bondholder is today. If he put $100,000 into a company, he wouk be satisfied to take oul $4,000 a yeai in profits; he would not be expecting—us has been the case in Ihc pasl —that his $100.000 would be worth :i million in a few years. XXX Those who have suspected the New Deal of a radical tinge will hardly be reassured by Mr. Hopkins' remark. This suggestion IS radical beyond all question. It calls for a complete change in our economic system. It took more than the lure of 4 per cent to build up this country's great industries; It took the prospect of unlimited, profit^ such as^ those which made multi-millionaires' out of poor boys like Rockefeller and 'Carnegie. Nevertheless, there have been times in the past few years when any bus- inc.s man would have been perfectly satisfied with 4 per cent—if he could get it. A low profit is better than no profit at till. A regime in which capitalism was hoi dto a 4 per cent return might be acceptable, if capital could be assured that it would actually get Ihc 4 per cent. XXX A queer combination of drouth and Victim AAA manipulation has sent the price of hogs rockcling. Never before, outside of wartime, has the hog market risen as rapidly as I has ths summer. Since June the hogs in the corn belt Robert Lioue, \ years old, was u lonely figure•ninong (lie survivors landed by (he Monarch of Bermuda. His father and brother were reported dead, and lie was separated from his mother. Youth Injured in Car Accident Here Bradley Erringer Knocked Unconscious in Third Street Mishap Four-year-old Bradley Erringer, son of Mr. and Mrs. Orville W. Erringer, was struck by an automobile and painfully injured late Tuesday afternoon near his home on East Third A front and rear wheel of an au- lomobilc driven by John Anders, Hope painter, passed over the child's :>ody. Unconscious when picked up by his 'athcr, Ihc lad was rushed lo Julia Chester hospital. Ho sustained bruises ind painful injuries about the head, have increased in value by nearly however, X-ray photographs failed lo half a billion dollars; if Ihc present price level holds this paper value will be transformed into actual cash, with the corn fanner reaping the benefit. What this may mean to the country l large is mentioned in an article l».y Charles E. Ssyder, corn belt editor. "To the business man and the people ;cnerully," he writes, "the price of reveal any broken bones, Physicians .said Wednesday that he would re- Long Candidates Win in Tuesday's Louisiana Voting Walmsley's Faction Given Decisive Wallop in New Orleans "K1NGF1SH""ELATED Stands Political Overlord of All Louisiana—Voting Orderly NEW ORLEANS -(/P)-Hucy P. Long stood political overlord of all Liouisiannn Wednesday. Ho whipped in 7'ucsday's election :iis last major political opponent, Mayor T. Scmmes Wahnslcy, and took over the mayor's domain as a part of lis state machine. Fluscd with victory Long, state dic- utor and United States senator, was expected to press hard his Invostiga- ion of charges of graft and corrup- ion in the city administration with he purpose of ousting Mayor Walm- ley from office through action (if he state legislature, which lie con- rolls. Although neither Walmslcy or Long vcrc candidates in Tuesday's election, the results, were regarded by conscr vativc politicians as a crushingg dcfea of Walmsley's Old Regular organize lion and a sweeping victory for tl invading Long organization. Each backed candidates for con gross, state supreme court and publi service commissioner in districls wit most of the votes coining from th city of New Orleans, usually domi nailed by the Old Regulars. Long' candidates swept in. By the Associated Press Upsets mid threateningly close coti tests in many races for national, state and local offices, were indicated Wed nesday on the basis of incomplete returns from Tuesday's primaries ii eight states. The powerful political machine Huey P. Long apparently bested tha of Mayor T. Semmes Walmsiey of New Orleans in Louisiana's Democratic primary where nominations are tantamount to election. In Arizona, R. C. Stanford, former udge of the Superior Court, took the lead for the Democratic governorship nomination over Gov. B. B. Mo- :ur and former Governor George W. •Wht. The veteran senator Henry t'. Ashhurt was sligltly behind Sidney ?. Osborn, Arizona's collector of in- .ernal revenue, in scattered returns rom. the Democratic senatorial pri- nary race. A close race was run by Miss Jose- ihine Roche and Gov. Edwin C. Jolin on in Colorado for the Democratic gubernatorial nomination, with the utcomc still in doubt. Nate C. War- Death Takes a Holiday Cruise The'child, accompanied by his f a ih- ^" W8S nolninated ^ tho Rcpubli- rr and mother, were returning horn parking on the right side of the road The youth climbed out and darle< from Hie rear of the car into the pall of a machine driven by Mr. Andcr >ork is the mast vital trade index./who WH.S traveling west toward Svcrybody ought lo be glad to see business district. "10 hogs. Hogs al thai, level, and kept.) The hoy's father hel/l /lio acciden litlcmpl operation for a limited time plle said he had advised approximately 500 dislriel.s which have funds sufficient to operate from one to five months to begin the 19.'i4-.'l5 term anc continue clases as long as possible. Governor J. M. Futrcll seconded I'hipp;;' efforl lo obtain federal aid funds for schools ami Congressman I). O. Terry of the fifth district offered In go to Washington and personally present the Arkansas .school case to the prc'.sidc-iit. The next dislribuliun of stale funds among public schools wil be made next Monday. Says College Course Is Worth $92,000 COLUMBIA, Mo. -A college education is a valuable "dollar and cents" investment-- to IK; exact, worth .VJ2.000 during the avenge lifetime—according to insurant 1 '.: research figures made pul'lic Wcdnc.sday al. lint University of Missouri. Average earning power of t.he high school grudij'il". il \.v;*s .sluiwn. jx-achcs a maximum of $I!8HO when he is 50 years oM and dc.'line.s thereafter, lie goes lo v.or !;,;( IS and h.si life's eanj- uigs tolal $88,00')0. The colk'B'. 1 gi.nluij'u. the statistics 4'cvcalud, due;, nt<t s!«irl work until he ff.s 22 years old and his cai'iiin^ power nu'.xiiiiuiii i. 1 : not rc'iic'lit'd until he is CO. when his average income is $8!il)U. The college ^rLxJuale's life earnings are $180,000—Jira.OOO more than tlie average high school graduate or, points out the uuivf.-rsily, 523,000 for each of the four years spent in col- here, afford Ihe best possible prom sc of good limes for all." Al a moment when Hie sky is real deal darker than most, of u would like to see it, it i.s comforlin to find at least one omen of tjooi times. XXX II is an odd development that in UK Philippines, soon lo be independent English ha.s been atlopted as the offi cial language, while in Hie solid!; American territory of Puerto Hicc. Spanish ha.s taken the place of English as the accepted medium of instruction in elementary schools. The Puerto Ricans speak Spunisl from the cradle upward. Efforts have been made lo conduct the elementary (Continued on Page Three) FLAPPER FANNY SAYS : REG. U. S. PAT. OFF. unavoidable. Municipal League Offer fs Proposed Hope Extended Invitation to -loin Other Arkansas Cities The Cil.v of Hope his been inviled to liccomc- n member of the Arkansas Municipal League, according lo Dr. Kenclh O. Warner, University of Arkansas, who recenly conferred with Ma.vrr Hciyclt. "The piirpn.se of the- league i.s to KCIIS.S common cil.y problems, exchange ideas and work oul a unified irmram of slate legislation dealing .villi municipal matters. H-.iidrs the holding uf statewide and •i-gionul conferences for city officials, he It-ague offers to member cities he services of a municipnl reference ibr.ir.v, located at the league offce, Jnivc'r.sil.v of Arkaasiis, Fayetteville. In cooperation with national asso- iilinn:-:. the- league is prepared to dvise on problems of housing, /.oing, I relief administration, highways, tax- " cition. admini.'ilralion of public prop- cili'.':;. health, traffic and a score ol (.•Ilier mailers. Model ordinance on •filly any subject can be secured. A legislative committee of the lea- cans. iicompletc returns from New Hampshire indicated Styles Bridges, Republican and John L. Sullivan, Democrat, have been selected to run in the November elections' for tlie governorship. More than a two-to-onc lead was established in Vermont by Senator W. R. Austin for the Republican senatorial nomination, over Harry B. Amcy of Brighton. Fred C. Martin, Democrat, was named lo contest the Republican victory. Frank A. Pickard established a fair lead over a field of Democrats seeking the Michigan Democratic senatorial nomination to oppose Senator Arhur H. Vandcnburg, the rcnominatcc Republican, in November. Frank D Fitzgerald, Republican, and Gov. Willam A. Comstock, Democrat, v/eer the eadcrs of their respective fields for he governorship nominations. Delaware Democrats in convention at Dover nominated Representative iVilbur L. Adams for the senate ipposo Scnalor Townsend, recently enominated by the Republicans, la ted South Carolina Democrats noinina- cd Olin D. Johnson for governor over Uole L. Bleasc. First returns from Washington in- icated Charles H. Lcavy leading Lew; B. Schwellcnbach for the Demo- ratio senatorial nomination, with U. '. Northland, Reno Odlin and Ralph i. Horr close together in tlie Republi- an enatorial contet. Radio Operator Held; His Mates Under Siibpoena Federal Grand Jury Launches Investigation Into Sea Tragedy STIRS ROOSEVELT Would Enact Legislation for Elimination of Wooden Ships NEW yORK.-(^>)-The blight of the Morro Castle disaster clung closer to her crew Wednesday with the first assistant radio officer held incorn^ municado and all his mates under subpoena. George Ignatius Alagna, radio operator, was locked up as a material witness as the investigation was resumed Wednesday before the federal ' grand jury. ' Meanwhile tons of water were being poured on the ship in an efofrt to cool the smoultering ruins so officers may have an opportunity to search it The department of commerce Wednesday carried on its inquiry wiih . Chief . Radio Operator George W. 3urns who told the investigating beard that il was fully 30 minutes after the fire started before he was awakened in his cabin to send SOS reports. • He also testified that some time ago his first assistant, Alagna, and another operator "tried to instigate discon* tent on the ship." Legislation Sought HYDE PARK.— <fp) —Aroused by the Morro Castle holocaust, President Roosevelt said Wednesday that he wants congress to enact legislation for the elimination of wooden passenger ' ships, requiring fire-proof construe- tirtrt '•-'•. i » f tion. Discipline Is, Bad Troopers Fire at Textile Strikers Trouble Breaks Out ii Rhode Island—Serious Rioting SAYLKSVlLLK.-(/|>) -N.vt i 0)1 a guardsmen of Rhode I.vlanri fired theii first shots in the textile .strike in this state Wednesday. Troopers discharged a volley of .shots over the head of .strikers who advanced upon them in the vicinity of the Saylcs Finishing company, scene of serious rioting during Hie pasl. 48 hours. The commander of the troops said thai his men had taken all the risks they were going to take, and gave orders lo shoot, at anyone who docs not comply with comitiHtids. Urges Fairness WASHINGTON. - ( /p, - Cluiiinnin Francis J. Gorman of the textile strike committee, Wediiesdjiyro quested Pecs- dent Roosevelt, to advise governors who have ordered state troops out in strike disputes lo urge fairness heir activity. Is shomThere °'"T BlcamJn S dcck °f the proud Ward liner Morro Castle i, l , 1 <«.,. V ),' S . "', MJ ', C .!" rr i flc h< ! al and wrecks of deck chairs strewn about. Jnlendtv nf h ' cc rs sr ™ J Keiibjty of the heat through which (he panic-stricken thrones eaISaUS<Ctl '" C f ° Ct tha r «™™ was <owed to Asbiu-y Park, N. J. BOTTOM— In the temporary morgue established at ot Moore burdens, of the dead that were unidentified. Because tto had Cattle Buying To Start in Nevada Hiler Announces Government Plan Will Start Within Few Days The purchase of cattle in Nevada When you're beaut.uui but dumb you do most of your reflecting with a mirror. 'W I'lcpuriug a complete pro- i.ram cuvciing the subject of needed municipal legislation. This proggram 01 niulated at a statewide meeti- iny of I lie league, held in North Little cptcmber 6. reds of iiiuiucipul governments United States are confronted tin: task of niHinlaiiuiig their ser. i •.'<•:> on diminished revenues. three-fourths of the states rM'c tackling this problem with Uie i-.l of a municipal league. Arkansas is the 3-llh slate lo gel behind the municipal league movement. Yuvoyiulislmlrj Ware to Complete Higher Agri Course The College of Agriculture of Ihc University of Arkansas has grantee) G. W. Ware, assistanl director in charge of the Fruit and Truck Brunch Experiment station, a leave of absence lu complete the requirements of an advanced degree in agriculture ut New York College, uf AgriciJlim'. Ithaca, N. Y. Sam Damcron. a graduate of the University of Arkansas, who recently resumed duties ill Die station ;is technical assistant will be in charge of the experimental farm until .Mr. Ware's return early next year. A 10-year-old collie in Seattle. Wasl)., has adopted a brood of 11 chicks. In 1933 the same dog mothered five baby clucks and two ducks. mder the goversmcnt emergency cut- le buying program wil gel under viiy within the next few days. Plans avc been perfected, most of the forms ave arrived, and the necessary pens, randing irons and other equipment s being a ranged for and information i.s being given to those fanners who to -egion, Auxiliary to Install New Officers Installation of new officers will beheld Thursday night at a joint meeting of the American Legion and Auxiliary. The meeting of Ihe two groups will be held in city luill starting at 8 o'clock. Newly elected officers fur both organizations will be installed. reel that they wjll not be abli carry their winter County Agent J. L. Hitler has announced. The outline to be followed in tlie catlle purehasingg program, is as fol- U.S. May Control y Companies Trade Commission Suggests Legislation for Next Congress ... WIN. (/^ Suggestion that congress give serious consideration to cither the federal licensing or incorporation of public ui ,i| Hy hold . ing companies probably will be submitted to the next session by Uie Federal Trade Commission. Such a suggestion was reported i">- hahly as likely to find a place in i- entire herds through the rt 'P nrt bei " B P re Pared by Vlllllf W An^,,* T T IT:, i . .. HllSiilOU JJS !i rOSIltt ,lf tic a (lie commission as a result of its seven-year utility investigation. The recommendation may go so far Bulletins FIND BU'I'T.--</pi»Aii iusiwt- iii- fin the Cotton Belt railway Wednesday discovered a human head luingiiig from under Hie carriage of u locomotive which brought a passenger train into I'ijic BluJf from Texarkana. A check with all points on the route resulted in the discovery of a headless body on the right-of-way at Fordyce. Efforts are underway to identify the dead mail. Fanners having eatle for sale list them with the county agent. Th may be done on forms now in the 'lands of cotton committeemen, or it may he done by letter or card, but the information called for in Uie forms must be given. U will be impossible to ship all cattle lifted al one time, and for (lib reason a number of cuttle owners v.il he given pel mils lo deliver the number of cattle (hat can be handled each day until all cattle are shipped. Cattle wiJI be delivered by the producer to a central shipping point. Any ceiidemued anijnal wil bo killed, and the owner wil be required to dispose of the carcass. Cattle sold will be classified into two groups, those fit for food and those not fit for human consumption. as to endorse definitely such licensing 01- incorporation. Almost certainly it will discuss the theory with favor as must - a means of bringing holding companies, held by some commission experts to have avoided both state and federal rule, under government control. The commission has not made up its report. Would Permit Probes Another probability is Dial the com- . startling Castle disaster, including testimony' before the department of commerce inquiry that two lifeboats 1 were lowered with only three passengers aboard, the first assistant radio operator of the fire destroyed Ward liner and members of the crew v/ere served with civil warrants Tuesday night by United States Attorney Martin Conboy to assure their appearance before the federal grand jury. The warrants were issued after Conboy complained to Federal Judge T. Blake Kennedy that the Ward Lino was signing up some of the crew, to leave port Wednesday on the Siboney. George I. Alagna, the radio operator, was held as a material witness fater hi spublished report that he had intercepted Saturday morning a wireless query from another nearby liner, asking if there was fire aboard the -Morro Castle, almost half an hour before the call to "stand by" was sent. As scenes of chaos and confusion among the passengers were derscirb- ed .at the department of commerce hearing—including the charge that passengers were allowed to shift for themselves as fire, raged aboard the liner—Alagna and George Rogers, the chief radio operator of the Morro Castle, were questioned at length by the grand ' jurors who are investigating the possibility of criminal negligence in the holocaust at sea. Conboy refused to comment on their testimony. It was understood, however, that Rogers—who was reported to have said previously Ihe "real slory" hasn't been told—was questioned about a report a wireless station on the Jersey shore asked if the Morro Castle was afire—also before the "stand by" call was ordered by Acting Captain William F. Warms. Dr. Gouverneur Morris Phelps, his wife and their son, Gouverneur, Jr, all charged before the department of commerce inquiry that they were left o look out for themselves as fire raged on Ihe Morro Caslel decks. They II denied hearing a general fire alarm icfore they were forced by the in- ense hat and incroaching fir to jump nd risk their lives in the ocean, wept by a lashing nor'easter. They also teslified no effort was lade to supply passengers with life reservcrs. (Continued on Page Three) mission will recommend that cither itself or some other govemmcntal body be given specific authority lo investigate any utility company whenever it believes such investigation to be in the public interest. Sonic commission experts feel that the disclosures concenting Uie use of holding companies for financial manipulation and control of operating companies (the companies from whicn the public buys its electricity and (Continued on Page Three) Yoman, Two Men Held for Murder Coroner Returns Inquest in Death of Charlie Johnson at Jonesboro JONKSBORO, ~(/P)- The widow of Charlie Johnson, 48, of Nettleton, who was drowned in the St. Francis river near here 10 days ago, and two men. also of Netlleloii, Wednesday fixed murder charges as the result of a coroner's inquest which named them responsible for his death. The three are: Mrs. Johnson, May Morgan and Herbert Ray. All have been under arrest for more than a week when the prosecuting attorney ordered an investigation into the man's death.
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