Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on August 31, 1934 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

Hope, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Friday, August 31, 1934
Page 1
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Th(s newspaper produced under divisions A-2 ft A-5 Graphic Arts Cod*. MHHAta «>flHHiw> ^^^BHI^^^^ ^^^^[^^^^^ ^^i^hrt^^ Star WEATHER ArkMwas-Partly cloudy to cloudy and somewhat unsettled Friday night and Sattu* day. VOLUME 35—NUMBER 274 (AIM—Mrnnn A**orlflt«i1 1'rnn (MOA)—McniiN Ncwiipnper I'Jntcrprluc Ann'n HOPE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, AUGUST 31, 1934 \tnr at Hope foundeil ISflOi Hope Diillr Pr«i«, 1027| «1mnolldnte(l on Hope Stnr, Jnnunry 18, 1029. PRIOR 5c COP1 NEUTRAL The News Review •By BRUCE CATTON- T WENTY years ajyo the world went to war because an.ob- scure band of terrorists in a central European province assassinated the heir-apparent to the throne of a great nation. -S This summer the chancellor of that nation—a nation far less great and powerful than it was 20 years ago— was similarly slain by terrorists. But though armies mobilized on the bor- County Salary Act Is Proposed for Hempstead County-Wide Meeting to Be Held Saturday at City Hall BILL IS DRAWN UP Would Reduce Expense and Place Each Officer On Salary Basis A petition for an initiated salary act which would place all Hcmpslead county officers on a salary basis in an effort to materially reduce county expenses, wil be up for discussion here Saturday afternoon at a countywide meeting of taxpayers lo be held at cily hall. County Judge II. M. Stephens called a meeting Thursday afternoon for Ihc purpose of drafting the salary bill, and appointed a committee of 15, one from cnch of the townships and three from the county nt large, to drnw up Ihc proposed act. To Determine Snlury This committee was to meet Fridn afternoon with present, past and ful- urc office-holders lo determine the amount of salary for oach office-holder. Saturday afternoon nt 2 o'clock ut Ibc city ball a county-wide meeting of taxpayers wil bo held for the purpose of obtaining signatures for the petition. If sufficient'electors slfth Ihc p posed petition, it will be placed on the ballot and voted on in the November election. Air Circus Here Sunday Afternoon Show to Include Many Stunts by Crack Fliers Hope Iviy scouts of troops 58 and f>8 will patrol the local landing field during the flying circus to be held this Sunday afternoon, September 2. Tbe spccatcular show will be staged by Ihe Daring Ace Flying Circus and will include parachute jumps, scrpantine cutting, an air battle and tbc bombing of a moving automobile, and other thrillers by crack flyers. A special feature will be a board wall crash by the national! known dare ilrvil One LOP, who will drive irougb a plank wall uf speed. wil be charged, his at ; A and •iirmt! car hiph rate .small ii'lin a purl, of the proceeds will be divided between the two local .scout troops. The circus begins al 1 p.m. and ends nt !t. Spectators may enter the field in their cars and will be perfectly safe in watching the hair-raisinfi stunts. Yes Sir. Sure 'Muff, It's Corn Whiskey NKW YORK —(/n—Maflistralc Hulon Capshaw, who was born in Tennessee, imbibed a long swig of whiskey in Movrisania court and then took judicial notice that it was corn li- (|uor. Hennan evidence John Williams, 50, accused of opcr- iil'n"' a "ood si/.cd still in a flat. "That's corn whiskey, Judge.' 1 Assistant District Attorney William Smith informed the court. "How do you know?" asked Capshaw. 'Thid's what the order says," replied "Hmmmmmm," said the court, "that is what he says, gimme tbc bottle." Twr. minutes later the court bad an opinion of its own and Williams was beiiiB held in jail under ?500 bond for further examination. P. O. Employes to Observe Labor Day The nosl office will be closed Monday. September .'!, in observance of Labcr Day. 'I hi: general delivery window, the .'tamp window, and Ihe parcel post v.'iM'lcv. wil be open from I to 3 jun. There wil be no money order or ]><:slal KIvines business transacted. City carriers will make one eom- I'li'ie dclivci-v in the forenoon. There will be ny rural delivery service. Accepts 1'osllion Wash Hutson has accepted a position with Robert LuGrone r., & Co., ft ft PROBE LOOM ft ft ft ft ft ' Will Not Recount Stephenson Box dcrs, and statesmen made dire prc- doclions of 'trouble, there was no war. In each case the provocative incident occurred in an unstable Europe which needed only a slight shock lo send il sliding inlo the abyss of n war. In 1914 the shock did Ibc trick. In 1931 it did not. Why XXX It would be nice if we could say that the rulers of mankind have learned something in tbe past two decades. It would be comforting to think-that they have come to realize the fearful price that humanity pays for wars, so that they hesitate to lead their peoples' inlo armed conflicts. Unfortunately there doesn't seem to be much justification for statements I of that kind. We shan't be able to talk | that way until Europe its armies and navies more peaceful policies generally. It is more likely that tbc answer is to be found in a queer Irick which fate seems to be playing on dictators. A thoughtful analysis of the situation is apt to lead one to conclude that Europe's leaders kepi Ihe peace this summer because they didn't dare do anything else. XXX These dictot These dictatorships thai dot tbc map of Europe—these brass-knuckled Tammany outfits which keep the Mus- solinis and the Hitlers and the Pilsud- skis and the rest of them in power— arc not geared to stand the slrain of a long war. Suppressing Democratic government find nilin^bv ah^r force is all right, as' long ns'~yOii hav6 all the force and all the weapons oil your side. But when you go to war you have to call out all the people that you have been suppressing, and put guns in their hands. And if the war doesn't end speedily they arc likely to take a little thought and use the guns against you. That probably, is the chief reason why Europe avoided war this summer. Tbc stage was all set for it. Everything pointed toward it. But in the last analysis the dictators didn't dare indulge in it. The chances were too great that when the smoke cleared away, a lot of the dictators would be looking for a new job. XXX If you hoppcn to have been persuaded that astrology is a science rather than a superstition, and that the stars foretell what will happen on this planet, you might be interested in looking at the prediction recently made by a New Jersey astrogolcr. Ihc seer announced thai dire things were lo happen on Saturday, August 18. His warning read as follows: 'A great electric storm, if not a cycloni; or a tornado, and an earthquake wil b<; much evident through- cut the United Slates t'.-day. Around noon, clay wil 1 turn inlo nigh'., cbick- spcak ens will go to roosl, and '.here \vill be bell let loose; with the lid off, so to speak. I warn all jc-.i-going vessels to remain in port on this day and date." Well, if you look back, you will find that Saturday. August 18, was just like and other day. Tbe great disaster missed fire. On the occasion at least, Ibc stars seem to have bad their wires crossed. XXX In spite of tarriff bariers and other obstacles, America's export trade appears lo bo slowly regaining its health. Or, if that is loo optimistic a state- Hendrix Concedes Assessor's Post to Mrs. Onstead Petition by Lcmley for Recount Ls Defeated 20 to 10 REPRESENTED PARKS NewfDeal's Gravest Strike Threat Oscar Humphrey Asks fo All of County's Boxes to Be Purged An inquiry into Iho Stcphonson School House voting precinct will not he made, tho Democratic Central Committee decided at a meeting at the city bnll Friday afternoon. Simultaneously it wus Dutcher Gives You the"Why" of Labor Dispute in Textile Fields Faith in Blue Eagle Retained Both By Owners and Workers As They Quarrel Over Wage Drop in Cotton Textile Pact BY RODNJEY BUTCHER NEA Washington Correspondent . WASHINGTON—-What happened in the cotton textile industry was that wages weer cut down 25 per cent under NRA Code No. 1. Even a common mill worker knows better than to expect the NRA, sworn to restore purchasing power, to do anything 1 like that. When official approval was given the Cotton Textile Code .. . ,, r, , . announced Authority's proposal to reduce working schedules by one- thai Dcwcy Hendrix, candidate for ,. ,t ,i { . mon i u j , 0.1 e county tax assessor, had conceded the < fourth, the worker earning $20 a week began to make $15 nomination to Mrs. isabciie Onstead \ and the $12 a week man or woman had an income of $9, and upon a compromise between the two i the $8 folks went down to $6. That was what headed hun- ihc deputy tax assessor. | drcc ], s of thousands toward the New Deal's biggest strike. The compromise, it was understood ' by The Star, was reached Friday morning. Neither candidate protested the vole at the meeting of the committee Friday afternoon. Petition Defeated However, Harry Lcmley, representing Tibnan B. Parks, presented a petition lo Ihc commitlcc for a re-counl of Ihe Slcphcnson box on the basis lhat the precinct polled 190 votes against 29 legal poll tax receipts. Tbc petition was defeated by a vote of 20 lo 10. Attorney Curtis Cannon was present, representing Wade Kitchens, who Friday afternoon had a lead over Til- Parka of nearly 400 voles in the ruoe"\>for the congressional seat in the seventh ^ A petition from Oscar Humphrey, apparently defeated in the race for state auditor, was presented. The petition asked for a re-count of all of Hcmpstead's 38 precincls. It was defeated by a vote of 28 to 2. The official vote in Hempstead county is expected to be made public Saturday upon completion of counting absentee votes. To Expedite Farm Relief Program Representatives in 34 States Invited to Attend Conference Bulletins TOKYO, Japan.— (/P)— The Rcn- go News agency !«ald in a dispatch from Harbin Friday that five Japanese passengers were killed and 10 others Injured seriously when bandits wrecked a Chinese railway train between Harbin and ll.slnklng, capital of Mnnchukuo. Guards repulsed more than a hundred bandits after the ivdeck. Jolui W. Jolianscn and two other employes of the Metro-Goldwyn- :; Mayer motion picture company were reported kidnaped by the bandits after the wreck. MORRISTOWN, Tenn.— (/I 1 ) —A girl who registered at a hotel here ns Miss Mary Sam Bruce of Nashville, but carrying a c nrd giving her address as Lebanon, shot and fatally wounded J. C. Shelton, 35, president of the Hamtilen National bank here Friday and (hen killed herself with the same pistol. (Continued on PaBP Three) FLAPPER FANNY SAYS: PEG. V. 5. PAT. OFF. Great Throng Hears Secretary Wallace More Than 12,000 Hear Fanner's Problems Discussed MARIANNA— More than 12,000 farmers here Thursday afternoon lives in 34 states Friday were invited heard Secretary of Agricullurc Henry to attend regional conferences dc-' A. Wallace discuss the past, the pres- tn expedite a program under cut and the future of the New Deal WASHINGTON —(/!')— Itepresenta- ' which the KKRA i.s alread helpin "80.000 drslilute farm families." Arkansas representatives will attend the Houston, Texas, conference, scheduled for September 7 and 8. Lawrence Westbrook, assistant re- the government until the need of this the families now being rehabilitated have been placed on farms leased by thr i>overninent until the nod of Ibis year. He said Arkansas reported between five and seven thousand families that need aid. Senator Long To Move With Caution Whenever u. Blrl ^.its byr • 1 with life, you can bet ulie spends mcv. cv°*ilnKs alone. Probing Committee to I Under (iuard of State Troops 1JATON IIOUGK, La. - (A 1 ) -Senator IIw.v P. Long, who became virtual dictator of Louisiana through action nl the slate legislature has decided I-1 temper speed with caution in his "war" with the New Orleans city administration. Ho debated the advisability of staK- ina his investigation of city officials in New Orleans or U:-)ton Rouge with a no:;.-i hi lily that it might be taken ciitliT to St. Bernard of Jefferson |iari.--h. Il wa.s exp'cled that Governor O. K. i 'Mien would order out either the mi- I liliw or a special (>u.Hrd of slate police for I.on'i'.s legislative ccimnittee. l.ciiL' in a .•.l-.'lcmcnl Wednesday de- ilari" 1 B-'l'.'ii Rouge offered the best •;il ( - f'>r t!n> investigiiliou because cf !!'•• "superior faculties." 1 nut./ promised lo unearth "scan- .1 >l " 1'inl would send Mayor T. Scni- m 1 '; Walmsley "scumnering away to • f r:-:ign country," and "bust the New Or'''Hiw ring to pieces." Another reason advanced for hold- 'IM> the committee hearings in Baton I'ougc was the growing unrest in "crtain purls of Ihc slate for Long's dictatorship. in agriculture and then rose to their (eel. cheering wildly as one of their number unexpectedly hopped before Ihc micbrophonc and suggested that they express their attitude toward the federal program. The occasion was the ninth annual field day of the cotton branch experiment station of the University of Arkansas College of Agriculture, and the visitors came from almost every part of the state and from neighboring stales. S'ecreatary Wallace told the fanners 'hat everywhere he found overwhelming sentiment in favor of the continuation of Ihc Bankhcad act and other phases of tbc agricultural program. He warned the audience that "a forceful movement" would be made next winter to obtain withdrawal of the cotton processing tax. Declares Tax Necessary The cotton farmer inusl retain tins tax as long as the industry retains tar- riffs, Secretary Wallace said, for the lax is the only effective tarriff tlie Southern farmers have ever bad. Predicting an eventual program involving a "hook-up" of control and efficiency in production," Secretary Wallace said that cotton production may be increased 50 per cent per acre through proper breeding and ferli- li/.ation. This combined program will give the farmer the necessities, coin- for and leisure he has been seeking through the ages, the speaker said. .Secretary Wallace cmpbasi/ed all the way through his address, without making direct, reference to Ihc siibccl, that the government is not attempting to rule or regiment agriculture, but that the government is merely serving as dii agency through which Iho producers themselves can act. for their mutual protection and betterment. Time and agaui he stressed the importance of Die management of tbc program by the local farmer coiiunil- tces. Tbe distinguished visitor proved himself to be a farmers' official and hi; and bis program were popular. Those guiding him during the day found difficulty in guiding him about tho place. Tbe farmers all wanted w speak to him personally, and lie appeared to like to meet and talk with them. But you musn't forget the "stretch- oul," an equally important part of the picture. You get the "stretchout" when you're working in a mill and tending a certain number of machines and the boss tells you you must handle some more. Those strong enough lo cope with the added load are the ones to keep their jogs. Thn industry and the Cotton Textile Relations Board siy there has been little of this abuse. But more than 4,000 "stretchout" complaints have been forwarded here by workers in the 1,000 American cotton mills—mostly from the South. The industry's Code Authority itself in-, vestigslbs the: complaints and seldom finds /hem justified. But Ihe flood of the complaints was sufficient to lead Secretary Perkins and Chairman Lloyd Garrison of the National Labor Relations Board, as they wried to avert the strike,, to believe some concession involving Ihc stretchout would placate the workers. The 25 per cent curtailment order would mean a correspond- ing'reduction in pay envelopes, piled on Ihc widespread resentment at stretchout, simply bred another of Ihese big rank and file outbursts— increasingly common in the American labor movement, which swept along the conservative national officials of the United Tcxlile Workers. Other Complaints Made There were other complaints that workers were being fired for union activities and that mill owners were forcing maximum wages for skileld semi-skilled workers down to the code minimum, but there is little data in Washington wilh which to udge the seriousness of Ihcs faclors. Nalional union officers are heardly loath lo go along with the striking wave because the curtailment cut heavily into the paymcn tot union dues and some 250, 00 newly organized workers were asking whal good Ihe union was doing Ibein when il couldn't save them from such hard blows. They bad to win concessions citherthrough a strike or federal mediation—or else lose their jobs. Tbc crisis camfc when, afler three sumcmr months under the curtaihnenl program which meanl two-shift, 60- hour operating weeks, instead of the code's allowance of an 80 hour week, the Code Authority proposed a Scp- tcmber-Octobcr-Novcmbcr program of four weeks at 80 hours, meaning a maximum of 40 hours for each worker, and then cigbl weeks of curtailment, meaning repilion of tl«: summer limit of 30 hours per week per worker—at the same old hourly wage rale. Cotton Consumption Drops No wthal you have some idea as to why textile labor decided to strike, look at the manufacturers' side of Ihe picture. The reason they musl curtail production and employment and pay what NRA officials admit are miserably low wages, is that the public won't or can't buy enough cotton goods al present high prices to keep the mills going on any other basis. Cotton consumption, even alowing for the normal seasonable drop lias actually gone 13 per cent brlov, ih» level for the bank panic month of March, 1933, Higher prices for cotton goods are due to greatly increased raw cotton prices. Higher labor and operating costs are atlributed to tbe NRA, the AAA proccsing lax and many cases of cotlon mill ov^rcapitaliiiation on which it is considered necessary lo return a profit. Early last sumcr, even before the code went into effect, the industry was operating al prc-depresion levels of production and employment. Employ men rose from an index of VO ui March lo 99.5 in July as the industry sought to anticipate tbc code, wage and hour standards and other prospective higher costs by piling up slocks of goods made at low wages and on long hour hour .schedules. More Work Before Code There was much more actual work in that pro-code period when the av- When an operator Is required to Increase the number of machines under her supervision, the evil known as "the stretchout" comes into existence, (Photos by Ewing Galloway, N, Y.) Speed Pilots Are Making Good Time John Worthem of Pine Bluff Competing for Cash Prizes (Continued on Page Three) KANSAS CITY —(if)— Two of the three pilots speeding from Burbank, Calif., east in the annual National Air race flight, were making good progress, but a third was unrcported afler the take-off. John Wortbcrn of Pine Bluff, Avk., landed here at 11:,'!0, refueled and sped on. Colonel Rsocno Turner was unable to compete because of a broken gas line. Turner Drops Out BUR3ANK, Calif. — (#>)—A broken gas line, developed 15 miniiles after the start of the trans-continental race Friday forced Col. Roscoe Turner, blcler of the west to east record, to withdraw. Col. Turner, who made a desperate effort lo repair Ihc feed line, saw Ibc other three entrants in the long distance speed events of tbc national air races get under way. Tbc last to take off was Lee Gchlbach of New York, who was delayed due to trouble with the starter of his huge green speedster. Winner of tbc 1933 Bcndix race, Col. Turner said he would hop off Saturday in an attempt to break the west to cast record of 10 hours and five minutes. The first racer to leave, Douglas Davis, Atlanta. Ga., who lifted bis black and gold low winged monoplane from the field at 3:20 a.m.. He was followed five minutes later by John Wortbern, Pine Bluff. Gehlbach hopped at 4:45 a.m. While Cleveland is the first objective of tbc poio of the pilots, al have the opportunity to continue to New York and collect an added prize of $2500 in the event the present west-east record is broken. The Bendix dash carries 57400 in prizes. Davis said he expected to make but Iwo fual stops, one al Goodland. Kan., and another at Lansing, near Chicago. Worthem said he would stop for gasoline at Albuquerque. N. M., Kansas City and al Cleveland. When ill. Ontario citi/eiss may telegraph their symptoms lo the provincial bealtb department and a doctor will prescribe through the microphone. The yellow race dominates the world in numbers; the white race ranks second, the black, brown, and rod races follow third, fourth and fifth, respectively. 1 Killed, Six Hurt in Auto Accident Mrs. J. M. : Courtney of El Dorado, Seriously Injured NASHVILLE, Tenn. —(yp)—Mrs. J. M. Courtney of ElDorado, Ark., was brought to a hospital here Friday wehre her condition was regarded as critical following an accident near here in which Neal Jstringfellow was killed and six others injured. Five .school children riding with Ctringfellow were injured. Mrs. Courtney's husband and their 13-year-old daughter, Elizabeth, escaped uninjured, as did Charlotte Chamberlain who was with them on their return trip home from Chicago. Kitchens, Parker Still Out in Front Official Vote Required to Definitely Settle Both Races LITTLE ROCK -(A')- As the official vote of Tuesday's primary election run-off was being certified by county central committees Friday, Charley Parker of Camden held a 6,000 lead over Oscar Humphrey in the state auditor's race. With only 1743 of the state's 2032 precincts reported on the unofficial vote, and about 5,000 absentee votes remaining to be counted, Ih auditor's race cannot be decided until the official vole has been tabulated. Wade Kitchens of Magnolia Friday held a lead of 372 votes over Congressman Tilman II. Parks in the sev-j nth district congresional race with' cnly one precinct out. Dobbie' Huie Appointed Brinkley Football Coach ARKADELPIUA, Ark. Robert Dots' n Huie, gvaduale of Henderson State 'Icachers college where he starred in loulball, has been selected as director of athletics and coach and a member of Ihe faculty for the high school in Brinkley, and with Mrs. Huie will leave for Brinkley Monday. Huie played halfback and was a member ol the all-state college team during his junior year at Henderson. He was a member of the high school all-state team before going to college, having graduated from Arkadelphia high. Inquiry Behind General Strike Row to Be Made Union Leaders Threaten, to Call Woolen, Silk, i and Rayon Strikes '] HOPE F0ir PEACE Appointment of Three to Explore Conflict and Recommend Solution , WASHINGTON-(/P)—The government appeared ready Friday to launch a neutral inquiry into the issues, behind the general cotton textile strike as all hope of averting the giant walkout vanished. Still striving for a quick peace, Chairman Lloyd Garrison of the national industrial relations board— "supreme court" of labor disputes— had in mind appointment of. a committee of three to explore the conflict impartially and perhaps recommend a solution. i Union leaders threatened to call silk, woolen and rayori operatives out "on the strike line" unless their employers met demands. This, they said, would boost the grand total involved from 425,000 lo 725,000, Including union,, non-union and unemployed operatives who would aid strikers', ' The estimates conflicted sharply with those of management, which said that in many mills none would walk out and the total would not amount beyond 10 or 15 per cent After flashing the order for the cotton struggle to begin at 11:30 p. m. Saturday, union, leaders conterred again late Thursday with Garrison. ., cao—at a later hour—did George A. iiloan, head of the cotton textile institute, who has declined, to att^rid "$. > 'round table" with union leaders. , Thursday's conference caine to«aught\ Garrison -ssii^-,58djy- t^at -his Aboard? | 2 could' not -repbrrthat "jsm/ subsZan'-"" tial progress has been inade toward settling the strike." President Watching Fight, Sloan, who disclosed he -intended to go back to New York, was asked whether he hoped the strike could be avoided: "I suppose," he said, "that every citizen in America is hopeful the strike won't take place." The belief was that Garrison would call on the labor department and the NRA to furnish two members of the neutral committee of investigation and that the labor board might choose the other. Prospects for direct intervention by President Roosevelt appeared to have failed, although it is known he is watching the conflict carefully; His eyes bloodshot from lack of sleep, Chairman Francis J. Gorman of the United Textile Workers strike committee wa stold that some sections of the cotton mill area stretching from Maine to Alabama fear violence. "There won' tbe any violence," he said sharply, "unless the employers, start something with their hired' thugs, masquerading as private detectives." Tho strike—threatening to become the worst industrial conflict under the new deal—brought a shiver of apprehension to merchants whose pros- peels depend on Ihe trade of mill workers. Besides the workers whose pay en^ velopes are involved, a prolonged strike would hit a terrific blow to cotton planters and other suppliers of raw materials. The whole labor union movement —which has been regaining strength after losing much of its potence in the nation's worst depression-^watched the outcome of the widespread conflict with interest. In a sense it was regarded as a "showdown" fraught with importance for the future trend of caiptal-labor relalions. Douglas Executed in Arizona Gas Chamber FLORENCE, Ariz. —(#')— Louis Sprague Douglas, former New York taxi driver, was executed Friday morning in Arizona's lettal gas chamber for the murder of Ralph Hart, a prospector. The doomed man walked into the chamber calmly and unassisted. lie was pronounced dead eight and n quarter minutes after the gas was turned on. Markets New York October Cotton closed Kriday at 13.16, an advance of 50 cents per bale over the previous close. 'Hie October high was 13.18 and the low was 13.13. December closed at 13.28-29; January 13.32; March 13.32-35 and May at 13.38. New York spots 13.35; sales 2500. Little Rock Produce Hens, heavy breeds, per lb 8 (o 9c Hens. Leghorn breeds, per lb....7 to 8c Broilers, per lb 10 to!2c Springs, per lb 13 to 14c Roosters, per lb - -.... 3c to^ 4c Eggs, candled, per doz. 20 to 24c

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