Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on August 23, 1934 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Thursday, August 23, 1934
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This newspaper reduced under dl> visions A»<! Si A-5 Graphic Art* Code. Hope WEATHER Aiterow-Mbstly cloudy Midi unsettled, local <hu«det«i6w* eta In east porrohi Thursday night; Friday partly cloudy to cloudy. VOLUME 35—NUMBER 267 (AT)—.Urnim AmioPlitlril I'rcsn (.Mj.t)—Mcimft Nonmmper IJnlprprlnc HOPE, ARKANSAS f THURSDAY, AUGUST 23," 1934 • , " Vnr of Hope ro..nilcil isOOi Hope Dnlly Prfnn, 1927| n* Hope Star, Jnnnnry 18 t 1939. PRICE 5e COPT NEW MOVE TO STEM STRIKE Here and There -Editorial By ALEX. H. WASHBUBN- T WO out-ol'-statc touristy headed west on No. 67 drove into a Hope filling station this morning with smashed front fenders and damaged radiators, W You know the rest of the story. i Thcsc motorists were pointed I through Arkansas lor Texas. They didn't know—or they hud forgotten— that here in Arkansas we .spend -foO,- 000 ii mil': for concrete, highways in order to be able to drive Ml miles an hour, and thon we turn livestock loose on those highways to make driving 50 miles an hour plain suicide. . Anyway, here'.; a griilFC-man heading for Texas. He's making ,")0 miles an hour, lie sees a cow. He looks at the cow. and the cow looks at him. He honks at the cow—and the cow's head moves to the left. It looks as though she is going lo the left—.she IS going to the left. He moves to the right. Alas—the cow was merely LOOKING to Ihe left; and she heaves over to Ihe right with all the ponderous uncertainty of a side-wheeler steam- boa t negotiating a turn on a Mississippi sand-bar. Horn! Brakes! CRASH! League to Arouse Propertied Men on New Deal Ask If (J overn niont Is "Robbing Peter to Pay Paul" TO BE NONPARTISAN Noted Democrats and Republicans Alike Join Critical Croup WASHINGTON -(/I 1 ;- The Amen, can Liberty League began laying the loundalicm Thursday for a campaign across the continent to recruit 3 to 4 million property owners to judge the New Deal. Avowedly non-partisan and not anli- fioosevcll. it has set out to command all possible influence in warming up the debate over the question whether the administration is "robbing Peter to pay Paul." Noted Leaders WASHINGTON —(/Pj— Die New Deal is about to be put under a powerful, bi-partisan scrutiny by an or- ggnni7ation announced as "The America Liberty League." Among the founders are two former presidential nominees, Alfred K. Smith ami John W. Davis; the former J?c|iiihlican senator and now representative from New York; James W. Wadswortb, the former Republican governor of New York, Nathan L. Miller, and Ironed, du Pont, who contributed to" the SfrTlth and Uooseveti campaign fund.s. President Roosevelt was informed of the plan a week ago. It is assumed he is sympathetic With the announced purpose of combatting "radicalism" ana informing public opinion of the issues of the times. The president of the league will bo naaJouctt Shousc, former chairman cf the Democratic National Executive Committee and later president of the Association Against the Prohibition Amendment. He announced formation of the new orporalion, telling of plans eventually to have it embrace the entire country. A:;kpd whether it WHS to take part in political campaigns, lie said "not. at Ibis time." Beyond that he would not go. Purposes of the league he declared formally a.s follows: "It is a non-partisan organization formed, a.s stated in the charter, 'to defend and uphold the Constitution of the United States, and to gather and dissimiiiate information that (1) will leach tin. 1 necessity of respect for Ihe rights of person:; and property as fundamental to every successful form cf Government, and (2) will teach the duty nf government to encourage and proieel individual and group initiative, and enterprise, to foster the right to work, earn, save and acquire properly, and In preserve the ownership and lawful use of properly when acquired." . Asked if Ihe league was anti-New Deal. Shou.se replied that if evidently i.s not anti-Roosevelt," It was noted that Ihe Democrats who have agreed to serve on the Executive Committee were identified on the slop-Ronocvclt move-incut, at the Chicago convention in 1932, but Mr. Sbouse said this had no significance. lie spoke nf radicalism being apparent in some sections of the country, and added: "Let us assume that, there: should be meaiw lo check tendencies to extreme radicalism. The president is diiuhlless a.s anxious to check a.s anyone else." He cmphasi/cd that the league was nut designed a.s antagnoslic to anybody, but was intended to be "con- MruVlivc and help tin; administration." 2 Officers to Die for Cuban Revolt Uprising Crashed and Its Chief I Deciders Are Court- iVIartialod HAVANA. Cuba. (/I 1 ) -Two high- n.'nluiiK Oih-jn "iin.v offie'T:< svere :.'-nteuced t" d'-ulh by a i'"U> t.imirtiu! Tlturjda.v f'^r p.irlicipalion in a revo- lulioiiHry pk'l agaijii-l C.VImiel Kel- •-•.oneio Hati:il i. commander ui chief of the army. Major Angel l'',chevarria and Captain Aiigulin liriee, commander of the Army Signal Corps, were convicted nf participation iii the plot during an early morning (rial. The revolt, planned for September i, \vuu crushed before it cyuld sturt. Loans to Restore Farm Price Parity Government Holding Program Aims at 15-Cent Cotton Labor Board Acts to Avert Trouble in Auto Industry Settlement of Aluminum Strike Appears More Remote, However T E X TILITWALKOUT Strike Set for September 1—Johnson-Kicnberg Split Denied Jly the Associated Press Uncle Sam generously spread the recovery salve over tiic nation'! strike-pocket l;<bor situation Thursday and prepared a further application. The reactions were varied. The NRA Labor Board agreed to insist on reopening the manufacturers' code. The American Federation <>( Labor seeks wiii;c and hour revisions in the motor cur factories. Hopes for a speedy settlement of the aluminum strike appeared more remote Thursday. While labor lead- ens placed the burden for rejecting Ihe government's latest peace plan on I their shoulders, company officials rc- ' affirmed their earlier decision to keep six plants closed. Francis J. Gorman, chairman of the special strike committee designated to direct the general strike in the textile industry, reiterated Thursday that instructions to call a walkout by September 1 would be folowcd to the letter. WASHINGTON. (/[')-- A broader use of federal loans lo a.sure farmers that eventually they will gel, as much for their crops as Ihe.y did on the HI09-IOH average was prr dieted Wednesday by Kiirm Administration officials. By obtaining government loans. ihcv f-iiid, farmers could keep crops off the market until prices were high enough. These same officials considered part of the federal strategy, the just-announced loans of 12 cents n pound on cotton and extension until January 1 of present 45-cents a bushel corn loans, The parity price — 1909-1914 average —of cotton is 15 cents, and the market now is around 13.- Corn parity is 74 cents a bushel with the market now about 80. Both the cotton and corn loan rales now are below parity, but. it. was intimated they would be equali/od gradually as supply and market, conditions justified. Officials remarked thai last year's 10-cenl cotton loan:; bad been fncrca.sed to \2 cents this year, indicating what might he expected to follow. To support loan rates, meanwhile, the administration exccpts to coiHince strict control over production to prevent accumulation of surpluses which would beat down prices. Officials say it would not be neccssiisry to make loans on all crops since the less important farm commodities normally play "follow the leader." Bulletins BROOKLYN. N. V.-(/l')~A rail went dill for detective volunteers Thursday to work day anil night until the $127,000 armored (ruck holdup of Tuesday has been solved and the rnliliors raptured. A submachine BUII Ii-.l at the scene of the robbery is hclng traced. Meanwhile the search for the toh- liers spread in ever-widening circles. - - WASHINGTON. f/Pi The Kami Credit Administration Thursday designated the following additional emergency drouth enmities hi Ai-kaiiMis: Baxter, Crawford, Independence, Madison, Newton, Stone and Washington. No Break in NRA BKTHANY BEACH, Del.— (/p) Hugh f>. Johnson Thursday emphatically denied there had been a split between him and Donald H. Uichberg and SecrpHrty of Labor Frances 1'cr- kin.s over NIIA policies. Johnson, here for a rest, contradicted reports from Washington that Perkins and Ilichbcrg were lined up against him on what some termed,the issue d>f "one-man-control." Capone Removed to Island Prison No. 1 Prisoner Placed on Alcatraz Island, San Francisco FANNY SAYS; REG u s PAT. orr. SAN FHANCISCO, Cal, ~(/F)- ''ScariBco" Al Capone, former Chicago gang lord, and 42 other convicts were imprisoned amid the utmost secrecy on Alcalrav. Island in San Francisco hay. Announcement that Capone was in the gang came from Director Sanford Bates of the Federal Prison Bureau at Washington shortly after the special train bearing the prisoners from the Atlanta penitentiary arrived (here. Tho train was shunted several times as it ncarcd its destination lo prevent any possible attempt to escape and tx> avoid crowds which gathered at trains along the route. Warden James A. Johnston, who several days ago (old Attorney General Homer S. C'umminp.s that "Al- catrax is ready," superintended transfer of the desperadoes from the niHin- land lo the fortress-like island prison. A group of heavily armed federal men and guards from the new prison hastened lo Tiburoii, a town north of the island, a.s the train switched. The cars were then switched to a large barge and a launch towed it to the island dock. Spectators were warned by the jvuanls nol to approach to elnsely. The pri.inncrs were hrnugli here in the government's plan lo sercgate the more desperate characters. Atlanta prificn officials also had reported an escape plot was brewing in the prison there and the convicts were removed Sunday night, four days ahead of schedule. Profit System Is No man can yndcr: talk sb stand out he Secretary Roper Declares JYivaie Enterprise Is Recovering WAMINGTON. - f/|'| - Secretary It'M'cr a'.xinvd the nation's business men Wednesday night tbat the "government and the musses uf the people Ihem: elvi s rei.ent unthinking slalrineiilK of subtle .suggestions that (lie prefil. m"(iv" in American life lia.s bi'i'M IT i. t'.i be abolished." Tlie -.cerrlary's i-talement ob> inuoly "a,, ei'iu-iclererj by the administration i;. highly significant. H was limed to ei'ineide with presidential reorgani/a- linn 'if (he NUA on a permanent basis. VVilli his declaration that Ihe New Deal is nut trying lo '>v.;rride Ihe private profit motive. Hoper coupled another that business is definitely on the upgrade. Priv.ile ente rise, be said, is (Continued on Puge Three.) U.S. is Spending 75O Million to Relieve Greatest Disaster More Than Half the Counties of America Are on Nation's Emergency List This is the first of a, series of four articles, yiviny a, comprehensive summary of what the federal government, is doing to combat conditions resulting from the most disasterous drouth in the nation's history. BY RODNEY DUTCHER NEA Washington Correspondent. (Copyright, 1934, NEA Service, Inc.) WASHINGTON.—The U. S. government is up to its cars in the greatest effort ever directed at, amelioration of a natural catastrophe. -<S It's as hard lo envision this vast, far flung attack as it is to comprehend the seriousness and spread of this Great Drouth .itself. Tlic weather used be just the farmers' hard luck unless Washington hap- "pened to get his freight rates redu ed or lent him a little more money for Farmers Urged to Want Fall Grain Save Roughage, as Additional Drouth Emergency Measure Two prime drouth relief measures which are in the hands of the farmers themselves and which should have prompt and continued attention, ,'ite the conservation of all possible food and feed crops, and the planting of fall grain crops to meet winter and spring needs, declares T. Roy Reid, assistant extension director, University of Arkansas College of Agriculture. There is much low grade roughage on farms in the state which ordinarily would not bo considered worth harvesting, but which will, when better roughage is not abailablc, be very useful in maintaining livestock on tho •farm. The corn in many areast of the state can be cut and shocked and a great deal of rough feed saved in this way. Coarse grasses may be cut and saved. In some areas there is much Johnson grass along road sides, ditchet and railroad right of ways, and other places which would add considerably to the hay supply if cut. It may be considerable trouble to save some of this roughage, but if not saved, there may be a great need. The rains have made planting of fall crops possible in some areas Turnips can be planted over a of several weeks and will furnish an abundance of both food for familjes and feed for liveslock if the fall season is favorable. Large plantings of turnips are advised. The small grain crops, if planted early may furnish much winter grazing. There seems to be an opportunity for much larger than usual plantings of oats, wheat, rye and barley for winter pasture; and of oats and wheat for a grain supply next spring. There is much that ca nhe done in taking vegetation off land and get ting it ready for planting when rains do come in orcas where the drouth has not yet been broken. The fall and winter of 1930 was most favorable for the fall plantings made that year and these crops met many food and feed needs of the winter. A heavy fa" crop of bay was also made in 1930 and fine pasturage grew in September and October which enabled cattle lo enter the winter months in good flesh. U is hoped that rains may make a similar condition possible this year, Mr. Reid said. Tide Washes Up Money on Beach Either Lost by Bathers, or Buried Loot of Hotel Robbery WRIGHTSVILLE BEACH. N. I". I/I-V- Scenes reminiscent of Klondykc days are being enacted here at high tide as beach residents and visitors busy themselves gathering coin daily washed upon the sand by the pounding waves. The "money lode" was discovered (Continued on Page Three) seed. The present unparalleled drouth threatening intereterence with recovery and badly frightening an administration sworn to raise farm prices by a threat of food prices far too high, is being handled on an entirely differ, ent basis. At least $750,000,000 will be spent for relief before the federal effort is over and we'll be seeing the most enormous operation of food and feed conservation of all time. Look at the drouth map to see the area involved--1076 emergency counties" in 22 states, including all counties in Kansas, Nevada, the Dakotas, Oklahoma and Utah, and 341 'secondary" druoth counties. Nearly/half the counties of the United' States'.' Hoosevelt In Charge Our great so-called Federal bureaucracy is meeting a mighty test; of its flexibility, inguenity, speed and adaptability to new emergency conditions. Several agencies in the "alphabet soup' are involved. The extensive new powers granted to the New Deal by Congress arc coming in handy, not only for our farmers, but for the rest of us whose pocketbooks arc affeciea 'oy many current measures of conservation and prevention. The man in charge of this is President Roosevelt himself, making the chief decisions and allocating the $525,000,000 voted by Congress for the druoth relief. Here's the set-up below DROUGHT COUNTIES •B EMERGENCY The AAA and Department of Agriculture under Secretary Henry A. Wai la e are buying millions of cattel and sheep to be removed from the commercial market and joining in a huge feed forage program of conservation and distribution necessitated by tin fact that the most desperate problem is primarily one of animal food rahcr than human food. Livestock left on farms won't have much more than 50 per cent of normal feed requirements and compulsory rationing is a posibility. The FEMA is enlarging grants to states for water and food relief, expanding its works program in drouth states and launching a great campaign which will employ tens of thousands of distressed rural folks at rooting in the fields for .stubble and weeds badly needed for forage. Itoerve Being Built The Federal Surplus Relief Corporation kills and cans 50.000 head of cattle daily lo build up a reserve for needy unemployed during the winter, when meat prices will scoot up and protect the rest of us from even higher prices' which that reserve wil prevent. The Farm Credit Association, working with ? 100,000,000 from the con- gresMonal ;;rant—which isn't enough— ds for .-eed, feed, summer fallowing ete, while trying to see thai the government piiys enough for cattle to pro. ect iU> existing loans. The C'C'C has turned its tools to drouth work in a program which already has received $20.000,000. The Commodity Credit Corporation is advancing $10,000,000 of RFC money lo finance purchase and orderly marketing of hides, casing the present mar riet glut, averting a subseqent certain CENTER—Counties for which emergency and secondary relief has been designated by the federal government are shown in the map above. BOTTOM—Generals in the far-flung war which tho government is waging against the worst drouth in U. S. history arc shown here In conference—Secretary of Agriculture Henry A. Wallace, seated, and Chester Davis, AAA administrator, standing. (Continued on Page Three) Miss Evans Sees Two Movie Stars Regis Toomey and Bert Wheeler Introduced to Trip Winners Hope heard Thursday from Miss Mattie Evans, winner of Ihe Malco Theaters, Inc.. excursion lf> Hollywood, Calif., when telegrams, from Miss ilvan.s were posled in the lobby of Ihe Saenger theater. Two telegrams were received Wednesday, according to Acting Manager Smith—the first announcing the party's arrival in El Paso, and the second their arrival in Los Angeles. The telegrams fallow: "Arrived El Paso. Spent two hours sightseeing El Paso and Juarez. Over at Tucson this afternoon .for hour after refreshing hour on train. Tonight we are looking forward to sec- ing Hollywood in the morning. Having a marvelous time." "Arrived Los Angeles 'I a. i». Met at station by Regis Toomey md cani- erman from Paramount News. Shots and stills taken. Luncheon today at Brown Derby. Afternoon sightseeing. Trip made for three hours seeing all the stars' homos, and all over Lix- Angeles and Hollywood. Spent evening at Billmore Bowl seeing Wampas Stars present. Met Bert Wheeler and party. All having glorious time." (Continued on Paga Three) Arkansas Drouth Area Is Improved Statistician B on ton Encouraged After Tour of 14 Counties U'lTI.K HOCK. •-• Noticeable improvement, particularly in the spirits of the people was seen in Northeast Arkansas hy Charles S. Bouton, agricultural statistician of (he Bureau of Kfonoini •:•. on an inspection tour of 11 counties of that section, he reported en }}':-, return to Little Rock Wednes- d.-'.v. Pnn:lu,M> nf cattle in the 11 emergency drouth counties was continued and purchases were expanded to include four new counties. Harvey S. Cole, United Stales meteorologist, said in his weekly weather report that weather during the week ended Tuesday was favorable for cotton in some eastern and central .sections but added that it was too hot and too much rain fell in the nonh- eastern areas. In Little Rock a light rain brocght lower temperature and a maximum temperature of 88 degrees, the lowest maximum since July 24. Only onc- t-jntli of an inch of rain fell here. Since the invention of printing in the fourteenth century, nearly 900,000,000 volumes of the Bible have been printed, Cotton Ginned to August 16 Is 25% Behind Last Yeair Total of 353,888 Bales'j Compares to 469,528 for Year Ago OIL TOTAL IS CUT ~ September Allowable Arkansas Reduced 1,100 Barrels in WASHINGTON — (/P)— Cotton o£ this 'year's crop ginned prior to Atlg->' ust IB yas reported Thursday by the- Census Bureau to have totalled 353,888 running bales, sounting 4,424 bales as half bales. . t This rpmpares with 459,528 running -, bales, including 9,807 half -bales, Ot" the same date a year ago. OH Allowaple Cut WASHINGTON — (&)— The national allowable crude oil production for September was set Thursday by Secretary Ickes at 2,341,700 'carrels, & decrease of 107,600 barrels from August's quota of 2,449,300, ' " The Arkansas quota was reduced. 29,300 daily—a cut of 1,100. Municipal Plant Fought in Courts Private Utility Contends '] Paragould Is Destroy- - ing It WASHINGTON — (/P)— The Arkan r sas Utilities Company has asked the U. S. Supreme court to review a ruP^ ing of the Eighth Circuit Court of Ap;T peals which held, that tne city of Par- ' agould, Ark., could construct a muni-_ cipal .electric lighting plant. S'eefcihg'Ho -pitevent construction *il &••>?* plant, voted by Paragoujd's citizens in. 1932, the utilities company brough suit in the federal court at Jonesboro, contending the municipal plant would de- strop the value of its property. The company insisted that the Arkansas General Assembly's act of, 19i(.< returning to the municipalities the power .to grant public utilities franchises was invalid because it provided specifically that others could construct and operate competing plants although public convenience, and necessity did not require additional facilities. He said the city had approved its rates and insisted it was renedring satisfactory service. The company's claims were upheld by Judge John E. Martincau in United Slates District Court. He enjoined the city from constructin gacom pettng plant, hoilding that the company was able and willing to meet all demands of the city, and that its rates were reo- sonable and that construction of a municipal plant would practically destroy the value of the company's plant. The Circuit Court of Appeals reversed Judge Martineau and ordered the suit dismissed, permitting the city to proceed with the construction of its own plan. Preacher Jailed for Ransom Note Rev. Askew Demanded Money of His Middle- Aged Wife GOLDSBORO, N. C.—(/P)—Charged with attempted extortion, the Rev. H. H. Askew, 28, evangelist, was lodged in the Wayne county jail here late Wednesday, shortly after officers quoted him us confessing that his story of being kidnaped for ransom last week was a fabrication. Bond was :;et at $5,000 by United Slates Commissioner Jv. E. Pearson, after a hearing in the latter's office. Askew pleaded "not guilty," and a hearing was set for Augcst 31. Mrs. Askew accompanied her husband lo the commisisoner's office from their home, where he has been confined to bed since his return to Golds- horo, after walking into a Nashivlle (Tenn.) police station Saturday telling (Continued on Page Three) Markets New York October cotton closed Thursday at 13.25 for a gain of 9 points or 45 cents per bale. The open was 13.12-14 which was also the low. The high was 13.26. December closed at 13.38; January 13.44; March 13.55; May 13.65 and July 13-71. New York spots, 13.40; sales none. A ginning report of 353,888 bales was released Thursday at 11 o'clock. Little Rock Produce Hens, heavy breeds, Ib 7 to 8c Hens, Leghorn breeds, ib 6 to 7c Broilers, per Ib 10 to 13c Roosters, per Ib a to 4c Eggs, candled, per doz. — U to 16e

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