Three Days of Community Entertainment-Southwest Arkansas Merchants & Farmers Fair, in Hope October 21-22-23. Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor -Alex. H. Washburn — Hope Star Investigate Every Accident E OLIvOWING the practice of the more populous states which have reduced their highway hazards enormously Arkansas now i« requiring a report on each and every automobile accident. Report forms bound in books of 26 each have been distributed to maintenance foremen with instructions to fill in and file them through the district offices of the State Highway Department. Instructions by H. D. Booth, traffic supervisor, include the following: "Do not be afraid of submitting a report on an accident which may have been reported by someone else, for each accident will be definitely located and a file made for that particular location and under that particular name, and there will be no confusion, even though we have more than one report for an accident. We would rather have extra reports than that \ve fail to have reports on some mishap." • ® Between the lines of those Instructions you may read a new WEATHER,. Partly cloudy Tuesday nif/ht; Wednesday, slightly cooler in northtvcst and extreme north portions Wednesday Grover Explains Schedule of Farm Benefit Payments Doubters Fear Producers Will Gamble on Production and Price philosophy on the subject of automobile accidents. Police the highways. Hcporl every accident. Make it "hoi" for nnyonc figuring in n crash. ... In the Eastern states when two men have n collision the first thing they think about is getting their cars out of sight before- the slate patrol catches them mid starts asking questions. .' . . nils policy makes for more careful driving and fewer alibis. THE QUOTA SYSTEM Bonus Per Acre Turns Into Penalty Per Acre for Overplanting By I'llESTON GUOVKK WASHINGTON.-The 1838 farm program devised by the department of agriculture and representatives "f the industry proposes to brint; farmers into compliance by offering a sort of bait instead of whipping them into line by tnxiilion. Doubters nplcnty believe th.'il many farmers won't mine in under the plmi, but will go heavily into the production of cash crops which the administration is trying to control. If they should hit a year of high prices, their large acreages would bring them fi\r more than the government bounty offered for curtailment crops. I low It Works ! The department has computed the acreage it estimates .should be planted to supply an ample crop of each major commodity, and yet not produce n surplus to beat down farm prices. Take corn, for Instance. The 1937 planting is estimated at 06,146,000 acres. For the 1938 progra mthc department has estimated 92,000,000 to DG,000.000 acres will produce enough corn. That amount is divided among states. Each state's quota is divided union); counties. Within each county u committee of farmers, usually advised by the county agricultural agent, determines the quota for each farm. If the farmer doesn't like bis quota. he can stay out. If he accepts it, be gets benefits. In the 19117 program i( he complied half way, he received half benefits. But if a farmer steps over the line by an acre in the HKiH program, he will lo.se benefit payments for .several acres. Take a corn farmer with 150 acres of tillable land. The county committee may assign him a quota of 50 acres of corn, which may be more but probably will be slightly less than bis average planting. Then it may assign him VOLUME 38—NUMBER 306 HOPE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 5,1937 PRICE 6c COPY mlLLtli School Buses Will Transport Scouts to Circus Friday S c outmaster Stubborn a n Tells Kivvanis Club of Circus Plans BAND WILL ATTEND H.B. Sanford, 76, of Shover, Is Buried Is Fatally Stricken at the Breakfast Table on Saturday Morning Funeral services were held nt 3 p. m. Mnndiiy fur If. B. Sanford, 76, who died suddenly ill 7 a. m. Saturday lit his borne in the Shover Springs community eii.sl of Hope. Mr. Snnford has been a resident of the county since 1909, coming here with his family from Illinois. He suffered a slight stroke three years ago and bad been in ill health. He had just finished nsking the blessing at the breakfast Uiblc Saturday morning when he slumped in his chair and died. lie is .survived by two sons, H. B. Snnford, Jr., and Silas Sanford, four daughters, Mrs. Willis Cobb, Mrs. J. R. Gray, Mrs. Dottio Bcardcn, nil of Hope, and Mrs. Wade O'Neal of Elk City, Okla., and six grandchildren. The funeral and burial services were held Monday afternoon In the Shover Springs community. a quota of <>0 of other "soil de- Negro Injured in Attempted Break Falls From Fourth Floor After Fight in Lonoke County Jail Expenses of Trip to Be Paid by Kiwanis and Rotary Clubs A. W. Stubbeman, Hope Scoutmaster, told the Hope Kiwanis club Tuesday noon that definite arrangements bad been mnde to transport scouts and the Hope Boys Band to Texarkana Friday for the Tex-Ark council boy scout circut to be held there fridny and Saturday. Mr. Stubbeman said arrangements luid been made with school authorities for the use of two or possibly three school buses. The scouts and band will leave here at 8:30 o'clock Friday morning. The buses will return members of the band who are not scouts, following the parade in Texarkana Friday lie buses will then make a return ip to Texarkana Saturday night ringing home the .scouts after the nal performance of the circus. Mr. Stubbeman said the Kiwnni.s and otary clubs of Hope would bear the xpcnses of the. trip. He also an- ounced that tickets for the circus ould be obtained from him at 50 cnts each. He appealed for support the circus, urging as many ticket ales here as possible. C. C. SprBgins, cashier of Citizens ational Bank, and John H. Barrow [ Ozan, spoke briefly. Mr. Spragins old the club that a person could be success by devoting more time to is particular line of work. He outlined three points to follow i achieving success as five per cent reparation, five per cent inspiration. nd 90 per cent prcspiration. Plans for sending delegates to the ilo-Kan-Ark district convention at Wichita, Kansas, was discussed. plcting" crops such a.s wheat, rye, oats and barley. That leaves •!() acres be must plant to ".soil conserving" crops, such as alfalfa clover. i'.irl of this land, say 111 acres be may be required to cover with lime, as a land restorative. What H I'a.vs "With that as a basis, the fanner may expect these benefits: He will get bounty of about SI.511 an acre for his "general soil depleting" crops, such a.s wheat and rye. For GO acres that brings S!H). The 51.50 an acre vanes slightly from farm to farm, depending on farm productivity For lii.s own corn quota benefits, he will receive 10 cenl.s a bushel. For an average yield of 35 bushels an acre on Ins , r >0-acre quota he would re ccive $175. For hi.s .soil conservation acreage of alfalfa or clover, lie will get 70 cents an acre, or $2H for the -ID-acre quota. That bring!) the total federal benefits to $21)3. But if the farmer plants five acres too much corn, he will be docked five I times the benefits due on five acres. On a crop of 35 bushels an acre he would lose five times 53.50 tunes five, or $87.50. That us half the benefits due on his whole 50-acre corn quota. Corresponding penalties are imposed for exceeding hi.s quota of wheat and rye, or for falling short in his acreage of soil conservation activities. This may sound complex to the average reader, but the average farmer is used to fiddling around with quotas. AAA ha staught him .some bookkeeping, among other things. The department of agriculture hope.s that it has also taught bun compliance. Choose Class Officers Columbus High School Officers have been cho-sen by Columbus High School classes a.s follows: Seniors.: Isabel Boyce. president; Dorothy Sipcs. vice-president; Mary Woolsey, secretary. Juniors: Martha Ciriffm. president. Allenc Walker, vice-president; VVdmu Neal, secretary. LONOKK, Ark.—In a murderous assault on Chief Deputy Sheriff Harry Neal in the county jail here Monday night Duncan Pigue, negro, alleged killer, suffered injuries which physicians .said probably would cause his death. The negro was hurled from a veranda which surrounds the fourth floor prison, to the ground below. The deputy went to the negro's cell to lake hi.s .supper, and found the lights extinguished and saw what ap pearcd to be the form of the prisoner on his bunk. However, Pigue had improvised a dummy from quilts and blankets, and had hidden in an adjoining cell. As the officer entered the cell, the negro jumped on hi.s back. He threw Neal to the floor and, seizing the jai! keys from the deputy's hands, tried to jab the officer's eyes. The two fought desperately nil over the jail, finally reaching the vcrandn. The officer apparently was in a bet- er physical condition, however, am: finally floored Pigue. Then he picked him up bodily and threw him down The negro said later that ho jumped from the veranda. The Gulf of Mexico h sunn average depth of 4G32 feet being the deepes' of the seas of the world. Thought He that cannot forgive others, breaks the bridge over which he himself must pa.s.s if he would ever reach heaven; for every one ha.s need to be forgiven.- llcrbeil. 1. 'Irue or false: a. An eclipse of the sun occurs when the sun passes between the moon and the earth. b. Lama ism, a form of Uubblmm is the religion of many people in Tibet. c. Mark Twain's real name was Samuel Clemens. d. In 1923 Warren G. Harding t uccecded to the presidency up the death of Calvin Coolidge. c. Swingtimc music is polyphonic JH7./.. 2 Give two meanings of each of the following words: novel crane squash palm stern li. If you know the states and their capitals, you'll sec some errors here: Springfield, Indiana. Phoenix, New Mexico. Pierre. North Dakota. Madison, Minnesota. Concorn. New Hampshire. 4. Watch out for this. How many days apart are Sunday and Thursday? 5. Susan Brown was talking to John Jones. Said Susan: "Isn't it peculiar that we have the same four grandparents and yet our parents are not the same, as is obvious from our mimes?" Explain. Answers on C'lasslficd Last Two of Regiment of '6l Parade at St. Paul Homecoming —Photo by Winnie Sparks This picture shows W. P. Wallace, 93, of Ozan, left, and J. S. Wilson, 91, of Columbus, right, us they paraded nt the St. Paul homecoming near Oziin Sunday, September 20—the last two members of a famous Hempstead regiment in the Confederate Army. The Star's Ozan correspondent snapped the photo just as the two old gentlemen unfurled the flag of the Confederacy. Mr. Wallace was S3^KKiSugust S^nvhile* Mr.-Wilson osle- lirated his 94(b birthday this Monday, October 4. Horse Acts TEXARK.ANA.-If King Richard, 'ho once needed a horse so badly lie was willing to exchange hi.s kingdom or one, could be at the second annual Joy Scout circus Friday and Saturday t Buhrmim Field, Texurkana. he'd ind enough horses—trained ones, at hat—to be worth fifty kingdoms. One of the major events of the bin ircus will be the horsemanship act, wherein a half hundred or more boys vill put the sleek animals through ^implicated paces and do everything rom nn English bridle path cantor to Wild West rodeo riding. J. Ralston Crowder and Sheriff G i. Brooks, co-directors of the act, said here will- be high jumping, hurdling .rick riding of nil kinds, calf roping ligh school horse acts, saddle gait per- brmanccs and other outstanding naneuvers. The horses will be under the care of E. P. Rcugun while not in he arena. Following the horsemanship act, the ropes and whips, so popular last year, will be presented, with W. R Chalker ind Carl Fuqua directing. In that act, every conceivable pattern will be fash- oned by twirling ropes, with Scouts lumping in and out of the fast-flying nooses. In the whip act, every method of cracking the whip, from the- Australian 14-foot blacksiiiike whips to the Argentine gauchos' whip cracking will be presented. Some of the scouts arc so proficient they can cut a piece ci( paper in two while it is held in another Scout's mouth. After the ropes and whips will come one of the most interesting acts of the entire circus; the aviation act, directed by Howard Webb. In it will be model airplanes of nil kinds, from liny gliders with wing .spread of a few inches to the giant passenger planes of latest type. It was recalled that la.st year, the aviation act received more applause than any other; due to the fact that a strong rivalry grew up between owners of three exceptional}' good plane'.';, and efforts were put forth to see whose could fly farthest. On several attempts, one or the other of the airships flew the entire length of Grim stuHiuni, drawing thunderous applause from the huge crowd that jammed the grandstands. This year's presentation will include nearly twice as maiy planes as last year's, circus officials said. Member Drive Is Launched by PTA Committees Are Canvassing This City Week of October 4-11 Canandian production of maple sugar during 19;«i totaled <J,2:il.80:i gallons. Maple syrup made from this amounted to 2,022,719 gallons. Cotton NEW ORLEANS.—iXPi—Oclober cotton opened Tuesday at 8.3'J und closed at 8.28 bid. Spot cottiui closed steady two point; lnwer, middling 8.24. Mrs. Edwin Dossctt. president of the P.-T. A. city counsil, announced Tuesday that a membership campaign was under way in the city with the aim of enlisting every parent, eacher and citizen in n movement to safeguard and promote interest in childhood. Committees are canvassing various sections of the city in the membership drive. Mrs. Dossett said that a special effort was being put forth this year to urge fathers to join the association. The week of O'ctober 4 to 11 has been set aside as State Rirent-Tcacher Week in a proclamation by Governor Carl E. Bailey. Here are the presidents of the following P.-T. A. units: Junior and Senior High School—Mrs. C. D. Lester. Oglesby—Mrs. Hatlcy White. Brookwood—Mrs. George Dodds. Paisley—Mrs. Sccva Gibson. City Council—Mrs. Edwin Dossott. 'Chairman of Membership drive- Mrs, died Hall. Persons missed in the canvassing and desiring to join the association may do so by calling one of the above presidents or Mrs. Chcd Hall. Here Is a Taste of Taxes in Italy Social Security Taxes Come to Nearly 20 Per Cent of Payroll HOME.- (/)') -Here are the social se curity taxes you pay as an Italian business man: Eight per cent of each employe's annual salary for insurance for acci- lents at work. But you pay his salary for the first three (lays of incapacity due to accident. Tweuly-six cents a week per em- ploye for old age and invalidity insurance, but half comes out of the employe's salary. Three per cent of the employe's annual salary for sickness insurance, but half you take from the employe. However, you pay salary during first three days of his illness. Four per cent of the employe's annual salary for the "family check", of which you lake one per cent from the employe. The family check is an additional allowance given by the state for employes with large families. If you have women employes you pay a maternity and infancy tax. Social security taxes come to nearly twenty per cent of the payroll. The Seafarers' Library supplied reading matter to sailors at sea all over the world. The library contains 80,000 volumes. Mussolini's Son Active War Pilol New Factor Enters Into Problem of European Peace ROME, Italy.—(/P)—Fascist aviatio circles diclosed Tuesday that Brun Mussolini, 20, son of Premier Benit Mussolini, accompanied by the flowe of Italy's bombardment aviation, is i active service as a pilot of the Spanis insurgent armies. Operations of tills squadron thrus a grave, new factor into the proble of European peace. <illy Resigns as Secretary of C, C.; to Pick Successor .0 of 11 Directors Attending Vote to Hire New Executive at Once FAIR GOES AHEAD Local Man Will Be Given Two Weeks' Work as Chamber's Agent Resignation of E. H. Lilly as secre- ary of Hope Chamber of Commerce was announced following a special meeting of the board of directors at the city hall Monday night—and promp action was taken to choose a successor Mr, Lilly tendered his resignation Jeptember 27, and left September 30 President B. L. Kaufman said. The chamber office is being maintained by Miss Helen Bowden of the clerical staff, and a new secretary wil announced shortly, it was said. At Monday night's special meeting attended by 10 of the 11 directors, i was voted to hire a local man for two weeks' special work in the manage ment of the chamber-sponsored Mer chants and Farmers Fair to be helc in Hope October 21-22-23. Meanwhile, all chamber avtivities will be maintained and introduction of the new executive is expected at an early date. Present at Monday night's meeting were the following directors: Guy E. Bayse, R. D. Franklin, C. C. iewis, Sid Bundy, Albert Graves, Lloyd Spencer, E. F. McFaddin, L. Carter Johnson, Roy Anderson and B. L. Kaufman. 'John D. Barlow, the' llth board member, was unavoidably absent. Cor oner's Jury Takes Up Case of Ed Beatty The coroner's jury considering the death of Ed Beatty, whose slashed body was found in a creek near Emmet Sunday morning, convened at Hope city hall at 3:30 o'clock Tuesday afternoon, after transferring from Hope undertaking rooms, the originally scheduled meeting place. First witness to be heard by the jury was Hollis Calhoun, 12, son of Albert Calhoun. It was young Cal- noun who discovered Beatty's body in the creek. League in Report on War Situation Subcommittee Says Japan Violated Treaties by Invading China GENEVA, Switzerland — (IP)— The League of Nations Sino-Japanese subcommittee Tuesday officially reported that Japan violated treaties and invaded China. The drafting committee agreed that the signatories of the nine-power treaty, including the United States, should be invited at the earliest possible moment to examine the situation. By the Associated Press 'Shrapnel sprayed United States marines Tuesday when Japanese warships bombed one of China's largest flour mills across the boundary from Shanghai's international settlement. All American passports have been invalidated for entrance into China C. R. Cameron, U. S. consul-genera at Tokyo, announced. American Convicted SALAMANCA, Spain.— (IP) —Harol Dahl, Illinois flier who joined th Spanish government air force and wa shot down by Spanish insurgents, wa courtmartialed Tuesday. The court withheld judgment until Thursday. It must forward the verdict to Gen eralissimo Francisco Franco for approval or clemency. The earth travels around the sun at an average speed of 18.52 miles a second, or nearly 70,000 miles an hour. MIND Your MANNERS Test your knowledge of correct social usage by answering the following questions, then checking against the authoritative answers below: 1. What is the difference between a large formal dance and a ball? 2. Is it correct to use monograms on engraved invitations? 3. What kind of shoes are appropriate for a man to wear with evening clothes? 4. What type of tic docs he wear with evening clothes'. 1 5. What docs R.S.V.P. mean on an invitation? What wotdd you wear if— Your invitation has been worded: . Mr. and Mrs. Duncan Gray At Home on Tuesday, the first of November, at ten o'clock Sunnysidc Country Club (a) Full evening clothes? <bl Dinner clothes? (c) Informal clothes? Answers 1. Most balls today arc public or semi-public affairs—and for all ages. 2. No. 3. Black patent leather. 4. White linen or pique bow toe to match his shirt and waistcoat. 5. Responded s'il vous plait- Answer if you please. Best "What Would You Do" solution --(at. 'Copyright, W31, NEA Service Inc.) Fear-Crazed City, Shanghai Danger 25-Year U. S. Resident Describes Besieged Chinese Metropolis By NBA Service SEATTLE.—Japan is riding for a fall in her war with China, for the simple reason that the Chinese can wear out anybody if they set their minds to it. This is according to Carl Crow, American advertising man who spent some 25 years in Shanghai and who lerned at first hand just how wearing Chinese resistance can be. He summed up his acquisition of that knowledge in the recent best-seller, "Four Hundred Million Customers." Arriving in Seattle on the liner President McKinley with other American war refugees, Crow remarked that the Chinese have been tremendously heartened by their success in holding Japan's highly mechanized army at bay for so long at Shanghai. Before long, he believes, the Chinese armies will fall back some 60 miles to Soochow and the Tai Hu lake region. A Costly Blunder There the Japanese, robbed of the support of their naval guns and forced to deal with problems of transport and bad terrain, would be at a disadvantage. Chinese leaders believe China can fight an effective defensive war for years. The whole Shanghai attack looks to Crow like a costly blunder on Japan's ;>art. Lake other Americans in China, no believes it was largely due to Japanese naval officers' jealousy of the (Continued on Page Six) Life'sPattiBririn France Ready-Cu! Only the Rich Become 'President or a Captain of Industry This is the fourth in a series of five articles examining, closeup, the average boy of 14 in Europe today . . . his prospects for the new school term—and for the future— at the age when, in America, he would this month be entering high school. By HENRY C. CASSIDY AP Forehi Service PARIS — (/P) — Dark, curly-haired Pierre Yvron, more mature at 14 than an American school boy of the same age, knows that he never will be president of France. "You have to be rich for that," he says candidly, Pierre's father is a mechanic, earns 2,200 francs a month. That is the equivalent of $1,000 a year now. A year ago, before the devaluations of last fall and this spring, it corresponded to more than $1,500 a year. But it was not enough to keep Pierre in school after he had finished the eight year of primary school required of all French boys. to Support Him in Race for Senator ', "Had Always Co-operated With My Husband/' ' > Says Widow ELECTIONJON OCT. 18 Releases Prepared Statement in Support of John, E. Miller } LITTLE ROCK-W)—Mrs. Joseph^ Robinson, widow of the late majority leader of the senate, gave public endorsement Tuesday to the candidacy of Congressman John E. Miller, independent Democrat who is seeking elfic-' ion to Robinson's unexpired term, , "He (Miller) always co-operated with my husband in matters of legislation. , affecting the welfare of Arkansas," said Mrs. Robinson in a prepared statement. "As a Democrat, interested in the future of our state, I expect to cast my vote for John E. Miller for United Slates senator on October 18." Oppose Bailey Miller is enered in the October 18th special election as an opponent of Governor Carl E. Bailey, ardent New Dealer, who' was nominated for the Robinson vacancy by the Democratic. State Committee. ' Mrs. Robinson interrupted the ^ seclusion she has maintained since Hhe death of her husband last July to endorse the independent candidate. Experience Valuable "As a member of congress he has already attained prominent recognition in Washington and has served with distinction and credit to the "people who*> elected him," 'her" statement • said' 'of . Miller. • •_ ;^ "His training and experience in legislation will prove valuable in the of- Sce of United States senator." With Three Paths Open this .background, Pierre already sees that he is destined to the life of a worker. There is no tradition in France of a boy's rising from a log cabin to the Elysee palace, the French White House. There is no tradition of bootblacks growing to be captains of industry, Pierre started to school at 6, in the public primary school. That education ended with his "certificate of study." From there, three paths wore open: 1. He might have gone to the public (Continued on Page Three) F. D. R. in Appeal for World Peace Speaks Before Crowd of 50,000 Persons in Chicago Friday CHICAGO —</P)— A demonstrative throng of Midwest citizenry heard President Roosevelt rip into war-inclined nations Tuesday in sounding an emphatic world-girdling call for "concerted" action for the restoration of world peace. Facing a crowd estimated by police at 50,000 gathered to watch him dedicate a highway bridge, the chief executive in a stirring plea for the sanctity of treaties, and sanity in international dealings, asserted: "There must be positive endeavors to preserve peace," • What to Do_After Accident By Slate Highway Department The most severe penalty imposed for a traffic violation under Arkansas law is for failure to stop, give information and assist in case one's car or truck is involved in an accident. By special law this violation is made a felony. Following any kind of accident, the'i> driver must stop, park his vehicle in such position as will not obstruct or endanger other traffic, and return immediately to the scene, rendering such assistance as may be necessary to any one injured in the accident, and to give whatever information concerning himself and vehicle that may be desired. Where the accident is of such nature that it results in personal injury or death to any person or there is property damage to an apparent extent of $50.000, or more, those drivers involved in the accident are required to submit a report to the State Police Department. These reports have been placed, in the hands of all State Policemen. County Revenue Agents, Coroners, all Highway Department employes, and others who may be in a position to have the reports available for the traveling public. The report form being used is usually mailed to the Traffic Department of the State Highway Commis- sion, which is co-operating with the State Police Department, and the first ing these reports, and 'as soon as a report covering any serious accident is received, it goes immediately to the State Police Department, and th first thing done is the investigation by the officer supervising or patrolling that District. The Stale Police Department and the Arkansas State Highway Commission are desirous of obtaining reports on every accident possible, and the public can render a real service if the> will send in reports on accidents in which they may be involved, even though they are not as serious as tha indicated. Accident reports are helc in strict confidence and may not be used against one in court, but the State Police may give evidence as t whether or not a person involved ii an accident has submitted a reoprt. I is a misdemeanor to fail to submit i report where one is required. 1,500 Bales Ginned in Ozan Territory; Fair Weather in Late September Speeds Up Picking in Fields The number of bales ginned in the Ozan community topped 1,500 last Frilay and about thirty or forty over. Joth gins 'have been busy through- tut the days and a part of the nights. The ideal, cotton picking weather las enabled the farmers to get the :otton out in a hurry. Most of the :arly cotton is being gone over the iecond time. The late cotton will be gathered later. For the past week cotton prices have :een rather low, but the majority of he farmers have sold. Late Thurs- lay afternoon 1,198 bales bad been weighed at the cotton platform. Colon seed were selling for $18,00 a ton, iYiday. Some of the farmers have been busy he past week gathering in the fine crop of corn and late hay. According to some of the farmers the quantity of the corn is not any too large, but the quality is exceptionally fine. JraRTwKSO, Landowner, Dead Founder of Cotton Empire Dies Tuesday From Heart Disease WYNNE, Ark.—i/P)—Ira F. Twist, 80, who founded a cotton empire of thousands of acres of delat farm land in Cross and Crittenden counties, died Tuesday following a lengthy frcm u heart ailment.
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