Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor — Alex, H, Washburn—— Fear—But It Pastes H OPE churches are advised today by Dr. P, B. Carrigan, city health officer, thnt Sunday school classes may be held as usual this week-end. The public schools, which suspended last Tuesday noon as a precautionary move following the announcement of one case of infantile paralysis in the city, will reopen Monday morning. So little is definitely known about the nature of acute poliomyelitis (Infantile paralysis), and sd great is the public's fear when a case is reported, thatUhis may be a good time to publish as many of the facl*as are really known—and they happen to be somewhat reassuring. Writing in the September issue of the Tri-State Medical Journal (Shreveport), Dr. S. George Wolfe of Shreveport makes the following statement^ .. quoted in excerpts: "~ •-.— -.. »._,..— «. ~*,-~., , . (JJ Black Admits He Once Joined Klan But Later Quit It Supreme Court Justice Defends Tolerance Record in Radio Speech BREAKS PRECEDENT Js First Supreme Court Judge to Speak Directly to People WASHINGTON.—</!')—Associate Justice Hugo L. Block told the nation Friday night that he once joined the Ku Klux Klan but later resigned. On thnt account, he said an effort is being made to "convince the people of America that 1 am intolerant, and that I am prejudiced against people of the Jewish and Catholic faiths and against members of the negro race." The principal attack of recent weeks on Black's appointment to the court had been based on the assertion made in a scries of newspaper articles that he held a life membership in the pd order. • 'Black's address, without precedent was delivered from the home of his close friend Claude Hamilton, Jr., un assistant general lawyer for the RFC Before the address ho and Mrs. Black dined with the Hamilton's and then proceeded to the living room, where furniture and rugs had been shove: i, aside to make room for elaborate ' broadcasting equipment. SCCH Peril to Constitution The text o( his address follows: The constitution is the supreme law of our country. The bill of rights i ... the heart of tho constitution. The eon atitutional safeguard to complete lib crty of religious belief is a declara tion of the greatest importance to th future of America as a nation of frc people. Any movement or action b; any group that threatens to brin about a result inconsistent with this unrestricted individual right is a menace to freedom. Let me repeat: Any program, even if directed by good intention, which tends to breed or revive religious discord or antagonism, can and may spread with such rapidity as to imperil this vital constitutional protection of one of the most sacred of human rights. 1 believe that no ordinary maneuver executed for political advantage would justify » member of the Supreme Court in publicly discussing it. If, however, thnt maneuver threatens the existing peace and harmony between religious or racial groups in our country, the occasion is not an ordinary one. It is extraordinary. Campaign Charged ' During my recent absence on a short vacalion abroad, a planned and concerted campaign wns begun which fans the flames of prejudice and is calculated to create racial and religious hatred. If continued, the inevitable result will be the projection of religious beliefs into a position of prime im- Tho subject of poliomyelitis is one of fireat complexity, in spite of the fact that most of us upon hearing Dial term immediately think of a closely knit syndrome, occurring in children, ushered in by fever and acute Illness, accompanied by a stiff back, and followed by paralysis in three to seven days. Tho spinal fluid shows 50 to 100 cells with a slight increase in globulin. Until nround a decade ngo, such n description would have been n fairly adequate one for the condition known as infantile paralysis. Since then, however, due to the accumulation of much information, particularly on virus diseases, we have had to revamp our ideas considerably. It is probably incorrect now even to refer to the disease us paralysis since that end occurs in only 25 per cent or so of the cases. This percentage, of course, varying with epidemics. . . . Two predisposing factors, age and .season, arc of considerable influence in this disease. Those between the ages of one nnd five arc most frequently affected, although in some epidemics an unusually high incidence of the disease is found in adults. As to season, 90 per cent of all cases occur in Uie months of July, August, and September. . . . Poliomyelitis is becoming more frequent in the world nt large for some undiscovcrablc cause. There are ninny-; vexing problems connected with the spread of the disca.se. It occurs in epidemic form, characteristically, but endemic cases are present the world over. There is much evidence to show that droplet infection from direct or indirect contacts is the method of propagation, yet the disease rarely occurs in rnorfe than one member of the family. Moreover, in large contagious disease hospitals it is rare for attendants to contract the disease. Indeed. Toomey, for many a -Uicfl* contagious, not remember a single instance of the disease among nurses and doctors working with these patients. An interesting fact, too, is the larger number of cases proportionately, in rural sections, where one would suspect less contact among the population than in urban sections. The attack rate in an average epidemic is about one in six thousand. . . , Because of ... the facl that only 25 per cent or so of patients develop paralysis, one frequently encounters great difficulty in the diagnosis of poliomyelitis. That this is true is very well shown in the recent report of an epidemic during which there were 800 cases admitted to the hospital with the diagnosis of ]K>liomyelitis. In only 56 per cent of the cases was Die diagnosis sustained. In the 46 per cent of cases erroneously ding- nosed there were 76 different diseases encountered. portuncc in political campaigns and to reinfect our social and business life with the poison of religious bigotry It will bring the political religionist back into undeserved and perilous influence in affairs of government. It will elevate the least worthy to political positions because religion or race pars others from a password. It wil resurrect practices and arguments from which this-country suffered sorely in the nineteon-twoiHies. It will revive the spirit which, in 1928, caused ; national campaign to be wuged large ly upon issues unworthy of a free people. It will bankrupt many business men whose sole offense is that they have religious beliefs which do not accord with the prevailing religion in their communities. It will punish the professional man whose patients and clients boycott him, not because Star VOLUME 38—NUMBER 304 WEATHRR. Arkansas—Probably rain Saturday niyht and Sunday. -HOPE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 2, 1937 PRICE 5c SHANGHAI DEADLOC ft ft ' ft ft ft ft " ft ft ft ft ft ft ft Bobcats Roll Over Smackover 20 to 0 Suckaroos Battle on Even Terms to the Final Period Bright and Ramsey Put Over Two More Tallies to Cinch Game FIRST DOWNS 13-9 Ramsey Takes 15-Yard Pass to Score Hope's Final Touchdown Press Is Bitterly Critical of Black Nomination "Tragic Blunder" Declares Democratic New York Times (Continued on Page Two) 1. Every American citizen should be able to name at least five territories or dependencies of the United States. 2. A student gave the following definitions. Which should the teacher mark correct? Siege—grasp. Ferret—a weasel-like animal. Grovel—coarse sand. Martial—pertaining to war. 3. Name a state capital west of the Appalachian mountains which was named after u President. 4. Joe McDonald had a farm und on the farm he kept pigs and chickens. The pigs and chickens logelh- er had 25 heads and 66 feet. How many pigs and chickens did he have? 5. An ibis, we are told, just has to be: A bird; a gout; a fish; a country flower. on Clasnlfii'il page By the Associated Press BOSTON POST (Id. Dem.): "One who associates with bigots, bids for their support, takes the bigots' oath and then is so craven that he allows his friends in a crisis to deny it all can't clear himself by asserting it was all contrary lo his real character. "Justice Black has pleaded guilty Had he made these admissions before 10 would neither have been appointee lor confirmed. Thus he gained one f the highest positions in the lane }y false pretenses. He should resign.' Worcester, Mass., Telegram (Rep.) 'Hugo L. Black, nwly-creatcd justice of the United Slates Supreme Court last night made perhaps as good ! jlea in his own defense as could b( made under the circumstances. But i remain the plea of a man who wai caught with the goods." Cleveland Plain Dealer: "His publi repudiation of his former colleague comes too late to justify his aceoptunci now as a member of the Supreni Court. He goes tagged to his judicia post. He ought to resign." Los Angeles Times: He utterec words in conflict with established fae And he managed to contradict himsc! dtmningly. His prefatory stalemen concerning the importance of religiou freedom and the invincibility of th guarantees in the bill of rights wa well enough, tmd could be considcre forthright and proper if his sincerit was not open to question. New York Herald-Tribune (Repul lican): "Mr. Justice Black's whole con duct since the charges of Klan men: bcrship were brought against him hi been that of a coward. He has no' added the vice of hypocrisy to his ret ord of evasion. It is now for Picsidei Roosevelt to speuk. The country ha been patient and ready to believe tlw he acted hastily and without du knowledge." The Bulsigh News and Observ sinackover's Running and Passing Attack Is Led by McHaney By LEONARD ELLIS Grinning Vasco Bright "went lo own" again Friday night to play the icro role in Hope High School's 20-to- victory over the Smnckover High Scliool football team before approximately 2,500 fans at Mammons' Stadium. Besides shouldering the brunt of the Bobcat offense, Bright played a nice defensive game. He reeled off a Gl- yard uprint through the Buckaroo team to score Hope's first touchdown in the opening quarter and curly in the final period broke through the line for a 40-yarri touchdown run. A few minutes later, after the ball was advanced to the 15-yard line, Bright fired a puss to Percy Ramsey, Hope left end, for the third touchdown of the game. Woodrow Parsons kicked and ran to score Hope's two extra points after touchdown. Smnckover Has Tower The Buckaroos presented a scrapping saluring .tylpHano-y,,. Smackover quarterback, who did most of the running and passing for the visitors. McHaney tossed a total of 23 passes in a desperate effort to score, four being completed and five intercepted. Tho Bobcats threw 14 passes, two being completed and none intercepted. The first downs were Hope 13 and Smackover nine. Except for Hope's score early in the first period, the Buckaroos fought tlie Bobcats about on even terms the remainder of the opening quarter and irouRhout the second period. About middle of the third period the obciits began to wear down their op- onents. paving the way for two juchdowns in the final quarter. Leonard Bearden, substitute hnlf- ick who went into the Bobcat line- p in the fourth quarter, got away 'illi several nice runs. He executed beautiful lateral to Bright—but tho obcat quarterback was "fagged out" nd fell lo the ground on the play. Tho second quarter was a battle bc- vcen the two lines, neither team mak- IR « serious threat to score. Ramsey tinted out on the Buckaroo 30 as the alf ended, Hope leading 7 to 0. The First Quarter Smackover received, Daly return- is to his 25. After little gain on liree plays, the Bucks punted or mirth down. Bright was downed or is 39. On the firsl piny he found that iig Freeman Stone had made n hole i the right side of the line, slio irough the opening and into a cleai ield, Melting away for 61 yards sine luchdown. W. Parsons converted. Smackover received, McHaney re- urning to his 25. McHaney plungcc hrough the line for 10 yards and firs lown. Fullback Joe Eason then in- erceptcd a pass, giving Hope the bal in the Smackover 45. Three plays fail- d for firsl down and Bright got off weak punt that rolled out on tl mackover 3(1. A line pluy failed and then Bright •ceovered a fumble on tho Buckaroo 15. After no gain, Bright punted wcak- y to the Buckaroo 27. McHaney and Daly plunged for first clown. McHaney uul Daly plunged for first down. McHaney tore through the line for 10 no re and then fired n pass which was ntercepted by Bright on his 43. Bright tore off 25 yards on an end run to his right. Aslin hit the line for i. Bright nifidc five and then 2. Eason plunged for firsl down to put the ball on Smuckover's 21. Eason and Bright made u yard each. Bright then picked up 2 and on fourth down flipped a pass which was grounded. The quarter ended. Second Quarter Smai-kovcr took the ball on its 16. D:i).y tore off 10 yards arnund end. McHaney swept around end for nine and then fumbled, Woodrow Parsons recovering for Hope. Bright got loose on a nice run around end, being brought clown by the Buduiroo safety man. Three passes failed mid Smackover took the ball on its own 30. McHaney. Daly and Scott rtmde a first down through the line. Hayden and McHaney advanced it nine more yards. The Bobcat Hue held on the next two plays and Hope took the bull in midfield. Bright made five yards and then Aslin made it fii\st down with a 11-yard run through the line. Captuin E. H. Barker recovered Hope fumble on the Buckaroo 35. McHaney, after three plays failed, punted out on the Hope 20. Two plays fail- (t-oiitinued on Page Two) —Photo by Hope Star Percy Ramsey, left end (Continued on Page Two) The movement to establish Yale University was started by n group of Harvard University graduates. MIND Your MANNERS Test your knowledge of correct social usage by answering the following questions, then checking against the authoritative answers below; 1. May a note of condolence be written on a typewriter'.' Z. Should a business man whose wife is away dictate his letters to her'.' 3. Is it. good taste lo begin a business letter with "Dear Friend."? 4. Should one end a business letter in which a favor is asked with "Thanking you kindly"? 5. Should one close a letter to a newly made acquaintance with "Lovingly?" \Vliiil would you do if— A friend fails lo answer your last letter— (u i Wait until he answers befoiv feeling free to write again. ib) Write and "call him down' for neglecting you? (c) Write him a newsy letter and ask him some questions? Answers 1. It is much more personal if written by hand. 2. No! 3. No. 4. No, say. "1 should appreciate this very much." 5. No. "Sincerely yours" would be more appropriate under the circumstances. ' Best "What would you Do" solution— (c). ICopyrif-.hl, 1937, NEA Service Jnr.,i German Boy Can Go Far If He|s a Nazi But the Lad Has to Sink Own Personality Beneath That of State No Social Credit, 'Utopia' Fading in Canadian Province Political Rebellion Faces Premier Aberhart in State of Alberta HIS PROMISES FAIL Payment of "Social Dividends" to Everybody Never Is Begun By NEA Service CALGARY, ','Alta.—For more than two years the world's first Social Credit government has been in power in Alberta. But Social Crcdil is yet to come, and in some respects it seems farther from realization than it did back in August 1935 when William Aberhart was swept into tho premiership at the head of the largest party group ever to sit in the provincial legislature, 56 out of 63 seats. The promise that led Alberta farmers to put Aberhart in office was the one put forth by Major Clifford H Douglas, Scotch economist, who envisions a regular "social dividend" to every citizen—in cash to boost purchasing power—and a government-fixed "just price" for goods at retail The government is to make good lo the storekeeper and the difference between that "just price" and the real cost. Aberhart, the evangelist, teacher, ariti radio.jspeaj^er,,.#ras eleqted to put such a program into effect. Not to Effect Yet Today, more than two years later, it is not in effect, and there is a rising reaction against the Aberhart administration, partly because of his failure to fulfill the campaign promise, partly because improved crop conditions in many parts of the province are tending to wean many farmers from the Social Credit idea. The People's League, a new organization rapidly expanding throughout Alberta, now claims 50,000 anti-Aberhart and anti-Social Credit members. The league's first public rally at Calgary drew 8500 people by actual count. They demanded Abcrhart's resignation. Efforts are being made to fuse into this movement the Liberal and United Farmer parties, thus presenting a united anti-Aberhart front. A petition for Aberhart's recall is also being circulated in his own constituency of Okotoks-High River, and if it gains the signatures of GG 23 per cent of all electors, Aberhart might find himself out of office as suddenly as he gained it. A "10-Year Plan" But on th§ other hand. Aberhart gives no sign of yielding to this rising pressure. Fifty Social Credit members of the Alberta legislature have signed a "sacred pledge" to back Aberhart and implement the original plan for a Social Credit system, which involved complete control of money and banking in the province. L. B. Byrne, Social Credit expert and associate of Major Douglas, has been given a 10-year contract as commissioner to administer the Social Credit Acl passed last year. The new legislative session just getting under way is the fifth since Aberhart took office. Its opening indicated storms ahead, as applause from the gallery greeted Promiser Premier Aberhart Gulf Storm Rages; Rain Is Forecast 10-Inch Rainfall in New Orleans—Rain Forecast r ' foY Arkansas- ; --'••" NEW- ORLEANS.-- (#) —A Gulf -of Mexico tropical disturbance Saturday broadened its area to reach from Florida to Texas'arid was spending itself in heavy rains that reached the 10- inch mark here. The clsiturbanco was reported 225 miles south of New Orleans in the •ulf. Rain Forecast Here The government weather report transmitted to The Star daily at noon by the Associated Press forecasts rain for all Arkansas Saturday and Sunday. attle of Chines^ City Now in 50th; Day, andNo Gains! Jap Fleet in River Shellil the Shore Without Ap* preciable Effect A SOVIET DEMANPJ Russia Demands Shipments Be Permitted Spanish Government ; SHANGHAI, China. — (/P) — CbJaesS? and'Japanese troops fought each other,'' to a standstill Saturday hi the 50-daV-j battle for Shanghai's North Statito" where the Chinese defense Une.is'arjS| chored only a stone's throw fromjttie| foreign settlement. While Japanese warships in Whangpoo river blanketed the* i with a barrage of shells, planes i ped demolition bombs on Chaper'aniJ several burned^ areaes formerly Shanghai's foreign districts. ' ' The Chinese commanders declared 200 Japanese were killed in quarter fighting around North StatioriT 1 Japanese naval officers said a. ~ _ nese plane sank a Chinese cruiser M*] the Yangtze, Japanese reported the capture" i Sangyuan in North China. A spokesman for the Chinese* ernment's foreign office #.^~ declared China would press** ately at Geneva and in world' capit This Is tlip third in a series of fivij articles examining, rloscup, the average hoy of 14 in Europe today . , . his prospects for the new- school term—and for the future— at the age when, in America, he would this month he entering high school. BERLIN.— (/!') —Fourteen-year-old rlans Muller, intelligent, efficient and politically reliable from the na/.i point of view, has unlimited opportunities 'or advancement in the Third Reich. Uike Napoleon's corporal, this blond, apple-cheeked school boy carries a marshal's baton in his knajisnck. Trained to be intensely proud of his race, of Hitler, of his youth lender. Baldur von Schirach. nnd of the lesser nazi lights, and pledged to sink his own personality into thai of the slate, Hans —mythical but typical—has few difficulties to face in shaping his career All On the Record His "ahuenpass" (pedigree record) is clear, for he has no Jewish parents 01 grandparents. His physical ;ind mental aptitudes, especially his achievements in sports, are on record. Am he is known .to be anavialion enthusiast. Most important of all. he promise: to be a hefty six-footer and therufon may aspire to enter the ranks of Hitler's elite black-uniformed bodyguard But whether Hans prefers to ente (Continued un Pn^e Two) (Continued on Page Two) Building by Home Material Sought Hempstead "Home-Made Homes" Campaign Launched by Co. Agents A program to build rural Arkansas with home-made homes from native materials is being launched in this county as a part of a state-wide movement under the leadership of the University of Arkansas College of Agriculture, announced Miss Melva Bullington, home demonstration agent, and Clifford Smith, county agent. "Arkansas generally speaking never has made enovigh wealth to have satisfactory commercially-built rural homes which involve the outright purchase of all materials and labor. Last year the average income of the farmers of Arkansas was about ?600, and such a sum docs not build homes," these agents said in explaining this tions against' Japan., Russia vs. Italy •LONDON, Eng.— (ffO —The'SpvietJ Union was reported Saturday to1mve| demanded abandonment of the 'entire -wj Spanish non-intervention scheme, permitting shipments of arms and vol-' unteers to bolster the Spanish govern-^ ment, v '. The Soviets urged that the Franco-^? Spanish frontier be thrown open to such help. $ Diplomats said the Russian move would form the basis for further Russian negotiations to obtain greater equality of opportunity to help the Leftist-inclined republican government of the war-torn nation. The Russian demand, and the chilling prospect of an Italo-German mill- > tary push to crush .the Valencia government before winter, and what was believed to be Italy's impending refusal to even talk fromally about her ; , intervention in Spain, created a tense tangle of affairs. Golf Tournament to Be Played Here Sunday A blind-bogey tournament will be played at 2 p. m. Sunday on the local golf course, it was announced by Lew ' Brown, in charge of the course, The fairways have been cut and tha course is in good condition. All golj players are invited to participate. The area of Alaska is nearly equal to that of California, Delaware, Maryland, Montana and Texas combined. (Continued on Page Three) A Thought God is a sure paymaster, He may not pay at the end of every week, or month, or year, but remember He pays in the end.Anne of Austria. Scene of ''Social Credit' 1 Experiment For the JiTlh tune w the t\\o >c.ii> ol the Aucihail Social Credit government, the t of Mbi-rU meets here in the I apilol at fcdnionton, All*., to try to put in. Cffeflt program. Stormy scene!, in early sessions iiiomise still more birtn-panfs for th<? jsoci#l t'rcdit system.
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