Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex. H, Washburn Letter From Afar The Price of Newspapers Mercy—Not Justice E DITOR The Star: I have just read your editorial "Our Daily Bread" (edition of Saturday, September 18), copied in the Helena World from the Hope Star. I have read many editorials on the subject covered by your editorial, and numerous speeches. It occurs to me that you have said more in a few words than any one who has spoken on the subject. I want to offer you my congratulations, with the hope that, your article may have u wide circulation. September 28, 1937 JOHN M. WALKER Helena, Ark. Attorney-at-Law Mr. Walker refers to our editorial directed at Mr. Roosevelt, titled "Talk—But First Pay Up." The Star lias defended the president, resolutely from the beginning—as a matter of principle, not of party faith. The only time we ever bolted the national Democratic party we went in the very direction the president has been traveling these past five year. We voted for the late Robert M. LaFollette, Sr., in 1924. But "liberal" is just a word if the man who uses that word can't balance up his business figures. © Agri Leaders Meet Memphis to Study Cotton Problems Administration's Policy to Bo Outlined by Secretary Wallace 2-DAY CONFERENCE Redistribution of Base Acreage to Be Undertaken, Official Says WASHINGTON - (If) — Secretary Wallace .said Thursday that he would attempt to convince southern cotton growers at Memphis Friday that his "middle way" course—midway between abandonment of world markets and unlimited expansion of acreage— should be adopted. Officials Meet MEMPHIS. Tenn.— (/Pi— Farm officials of nine southern stales and federal government officials opened a two- day conference here Thursday to discuss the fitting of cotton problems into the administration's 1938 agricultural policy. Sessions will adjourn Friday for an address by Secretary Wallace in which he will outline the administration's ?!i~; f,u- :: lc,.»i,-tai':ii cotton prjgrum. I. W. Duggau, acting southern director of the soil conservation service, said that revision and redistribution of base acreage, which will determine the proportion of each county and each farmer, will bo undertaken. Says Plan Is Changed WASHINGTON—(fl'i—Senator Ellison D Smith of South Carolina charged Wednesday night the administration's nine-cent cotton loan and subsidy plan is "at variance" with an understanding between Southern senators and President Roosevelt .shortly before adjournment of Congress. Quoting from an Agricultural Department statement which said a condition of each loan is that the pro- clucer-bnrrower agrees to participate in and comply with the 1938 farm adjustment program, Smith, chairman of the Semite Agriculture Committee, said: "My understanding, and I am sure the understanding of my colleagues was the loan was not to be contingent upon any agreement to conform to legislation that is subsequently to be passed. Of course, the .subsidy, that is, the three cents which i.s the difference between nine cents and 12 cents, will he .subjrct to conformation or agreement with whatever law .shall be subsequently paused." Loan On "AH" Cotton Smith said it was his understanding the cotton loan was to be ''of the .same character and principle 1 as in HUfi-.'ili" and ".should apply to all col- ton produced and not to any percentage of a base acreage." He added it wa.s his understanding the subsidy was to be made available to all ciitlun grown by producers "wl-u Mib-scribe to whatever legislation i.s ]>a.ssc<l in January and not to only (i, r ) per cent of the base acreage." Would Kxlcnd Provisions Smith, who conferred with Secretary Wallace, .said he would in.sist the loan applj in all tenderable cotton under Ilie Cotton Futures Act and that farmers desiring to keep sales sheets be paid subsidies in the event they' complied with the proposed now farm program. Smith saiil he had recommended "that all red larw and unnecessary restrictions be eliminated .so that the farmers might be able to secure this loan a.s easily a.s they have been able to .secure government loans in the past." . . -«»«<•>- ...- — E. Haselman, 84, Ozan Taken Suddenly 111 K. Hascimati. aged 84, a prominent citi/.c;n nf the Ozan community was taken painfully ill Monday night, and rushed to Josephine hospital at 2 a. jn. Tuesday. Mr. Ha.sclman, who has been one of the community's most active citizens all of hi.s life bus not been well for the past year. Tuesday afternoon, he was reported to be very ill, His many O/.an friends regret his illness and wish for him a speedy recovery When he is out of town, he is really missed. -^•m*—- • Wounded during the World war, doctors ordered Maurice Thompson to live in the open air. Firearms were denicH. him. so he went, into the wilds of Florida and lived on game killed with how nml arrow. If I couldn't run this newspaper business successfully you would be the prize sap of the universe for ever leaving the comic page to take n glance at my editorial .opinion. At least the comic jxige furnishes a laugh—while the only possible merit of an editorial lies in the judgment of the person behind it. We are told in Associated Press dispatches this week that two of the president's advisors, the Secretary of the Treasury and the chairman of the Federal He-serve Board, are urging Mr. Hoosevelt to balance the budget in the NEXT fiscal year—which means beginning next July 1. This doesn't suit Senator Harry F. Byrd of Virginia. It doesn't suit thi.s writer. It doesn't suit the rank and file of small-town businessmen—and if it suits some of our out-of-town subscribers it won't suit them when they find out what the price of this paper i.s going to be if the president keeps rolling up the federal debt. If I am wrong in m.v estimate of the national danger, you will know, because you will read that I am wrong. But if I am right, and nothing is done about it I),V a president suddenly suffering with a kingly delusion, then you won't know about It because federal taxes will have put the price «f this newspaper so high Hint your only source uf Information will be a hired government propagandist on the radio —and government agents all down through history have been slow to give the people had news. This is Mr. Roosevelt's fifth year ns pi'uskUciil. It's time he quit talking and went to work. I have no quarrel with hi.s social programs. I have on record several thousand editorials espousing the same causes he now espouses, but written and published long before the radio put his persuasive voice in the ears of a nation. We do not quarrel with his motives or his objectives. But we do quarrel with his honesty as a nation's leader. XXX Where the president is going, and what lie spends to get there, i.s all right if the people KNOW THE COST. The people have the right to choose—if their leader has honestly stated the terms for them to pass on. Mr. Roosevelt has not done so. He has been given five years' grace on the plea of "panic emergency." His day of reckoning is now here. No man in America really knows what a 37-billion-dollar'debt means in terms of living conditions for the generation to come. The most alarming part of the whole scheme of government operation under Mr. Roosevelt is thi.s fact, pointed out by Senator Byrd of Virginia. Quoting from the Associated Press account: "The government, Byrd said, should not continue to spend 7'- billion dollars annually for REGULAR ACTIVITIES when it spent only .'! billion dollars in IDL'll anil 11)30 during the nation's mo.st prosperous period." Mr. Roosevelt isn't honest when he lead.s the people to believe that emergency-relief is the whole story behind inflated government expense. Another Democrat besides myself — the gentleman from Virginia — has begun to .su.s|x.*cl that the rich guy in the White House i.s more interested in surrounding himself with well-paid politicians than in the future of his country. No wonder the president wants to talk about the supreme court and not the budget. In the words of the negro chicken thief: He's not looking for ju.siice--he's looking for mercy! Star WEATHER. Arkansas — Partly cloudy, warmer Thursday night, Friday partly cloudy and warmer in east portion. VOLUME 38—NUMBER 302 HOPE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 1937 PRICE 6c COPY SCHOOLS TO REOPEN Bulletins BALTIMORE. — (/P) — The third largest fire in the history of Bnl- fllnorc destroyed Cnrlln's, the city's aniueseinciil park. Thursday. Two firemen injured and damage of more than ?250,000 was caused. WAYNKSBURG, Pa.— (IP)— Pennsylvania's "evolution .school cnsc" ended unexpectedly Thursday In n compromise providing Mrs. Laura Elms Morris' resignation as a teacher nil (I with the withdrawal by (he WhUclcy township school hoard's charges of incompctency and cruelty against her. Hope Missionaries Are Safe in China Rev. and Mrs. M. C. Brittain in Safe Quarters at Shanghai Friends in Hope who have been Kroaly alarmed for the safety of Rev. and Mrs. M. C. Brittain, missionaries of the South Baptist Convention at Moknnshan, China, have been informed of their arrival at Shanghai on September 8, after traveling 250 miles to make a journey ordinarily but 90 miles in length. The party of 70 with which they were numbered began its perilous journey in three motor carriers and on ambulance. The last 60 miles, requiring three days' time, was in a Chinese steamer on the China Sea and was fraught with the dangers attendant with dodging Japanese military craft and iarplane bombers. Mrs. Brittain, nee Mary Brown, is a native of Hope, being the elder of the Brown twins born on the side of the present educational building of the First Baptist church while her father, Dr. T. D. Brown, was pastor of the church from 1912 to 1917. Dr. and Mrs. Brown, now residents of Louisville, Ky., received a radiogram from their daughter in Shanghai last week announcing the birth of a daughter, their first child. Thi.s is the only direct word received by them since the outbreak of hostilities in China and no information was given a.s to the future plans of the Brittams. • Stockton Murder Trial Nears End State Rests Case in Trial of City Marshal of Delight MURFREESBORO, Ark. —(/Pi— The slate rested late Thursday in the trial of E. S. Stockton, city marshal at De- linht, charged with the murder of Rex Gentry of Antoine last May 1. Gentry was shot to death at the door of the Delight jail. State witnesses testified hey heard the marshal threaten to shoot Gentry, who wa.s in cusody, if he didn't walk into the jail. The defense sought to prove it would have been impossible for the state's witnesses to have seen the jail door Iroin the place where they said they were standing. Defense lawyers indicated Stockton would take the stand Thursday. The ca.se is expected to reach the jury in mid-afternoon. Cotfc Business Shows Slight Decrease Federal Reserve Bank Releases Figures for the Eighth District ST. LOUIS- nl>< Industry uiul com- ferce in the Eighth Oi.slrict during August and the first half of September tended to slip back into second gear, the monthly review uf the Federal He.serve bank disclosed Thursday. Many "important lines" of industry, the bank noted, maintained, and in some instances pushed forward, the gains of recent months, but business as a whole "developed slightly slow- fConlimiPil on Paw Si:,) on NEW ORLEANS.-OI'i-Octobcr cotton opened Thursday at 8.30 and closed at 8.31. Spot cotton closed steady and four points lower, middling 8.26. IUM 1. Every schoolboy is fumilia with these famous American auth- Harriet Beecher Big Crowd Turns Out for Electric Party, Spring Hill Celebrate Turning on of "Juice" in 40|/a Miles of Rural Line TOTAL 1,500 GUESTS 600 at Speaking, With Total 1,400 to 1,500 for Entire Day The turning on of current in the City of Hopefe rural electrification project was celebrated with a free barbecue and open-house at Spring Hill Wednesday, climaxed by a speaking program at night headed by the entire personnel of the State Utilities Commission, Little Rock. About GOO persons attended the speaking, which was held outdoors at the west entrance of Spring Hill school —but a check of the various mercantile exhibits inside the school placed total visitors during the day and night at between 1,400 and 1,500. One exhibitor reported distributing 1,500 souvenirs to adults only, with practically no duplications. It was a highly successful municipal party, presided over by Mayor Albert Graves, with Spring Hill citizens participating in the program. The occasion was the completion of 30 miles of new electric construction outside the cily limits, liking the municipal plant with the territory just west of Emmet, with Rocky Mound and Shover Springs, to the east and southeast of Hope, and with Spring Hill, the southern terminus of the line. 40',i Miles of Line Total length of the rural project at president is 40Vi miles, _of which 30 miles is rifiw construction, and. 10% miles is privately-owned line supplied with municipal current and now in process of purchase by the city. Authorization for new construction was 515,000. In addition, the City of Hope has under option from the Arkansas Power & Light Co. 4% miles of its newly- completed DeAnn Line. The City of Hope has authority from the State Utilities Commission to operate anywhere within a radius of seven miles from the city, in a territory covering approximately 200 square miles. Twelve merchandising booths were set up inside the Spring Hill schoolhouse Wednesday noon, shortly after the city had completed installing temporary wiring. South of the school building barbecued meat was prepared during the day for a free feast at city expense at C o'clock. The Hope Boys Band arrived at Spring Hill at 6, played a brief concert, and then the rapidly-gathering night crowd fell to on the barbecue. Mayor Graves arrived at 5:30 with the State Utilities Commission: Tom Filzhugh, chairman; H. W. Blalock, Max A. Mehlberger, and the commis- sionn's secretary, James T. Horner. The night program was opened with invocation by the Rev. R. A. Grain of Spring Hill, who then introduced Mayor Graves as master of ceremonies. John Kent led the crowd in community singing, assisted by Spring Hill men and women who made up an impromptu choir in front of the speakers' stand. Frank J. Hill, of Spring Hill, gave a history of that place. The Municipal Plant Mayor Graves told the story of the establishment of Hope's municipal water & light plant in the curliest days uf the city, and the nuxiern trend toward extending electric lines to rural communities also. Following him was John Owen, head Hope linesman, who told about municipal plant service. The Jim Taylor quartet of Hope sang several numbers. They were followed by the State Utilities Commission members in short addresses. W. G. Kivens, of Wcstinghousc, and Mr. Mass, of General Electric, made lectures on electrical home appliances and their adaptability to the farm residence. Counly Judge Frank Rider closed the meeting with greetings from the county government. ® Ai Smackover "Buckaroos" 200,000 to Front to Stem Jap Drive Japanese Government Re,-»lies to Secretary Hull's Statement SHANGHAI, China—(/P)—Two hundred thousand more Chinese communists were ordered to the North China front Thursday to steam a relentless advance of the Japanese army. Chinese outside of Shanghai continued to hold positions and showed no signs of weakening. James Fcnimore —; Ralph Waldo ; Bess Steeter ; Edgar Allan . 2. Calling all spellers. The plurul'j. please, of: Macaroni, Chinese, grouse, hose, swine, and corps. 3. The Atlantic ocean does not border on Georgia, New Hampshire, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Rhode Island. Or does it? 4. If you jumble the letters of a well-known cheese you may produce something. 5. In Dal by all streets running east and west are named for U'ees, and all north-south streets are numed for birds. All houses on the north and east sides of the streets aie even numbered. Pray tell, in what direction will the house face that is located at 619 Crow street? Answers on Classified I'affc T. C, Thomas in Charge of 'Mop 1 Depot at Ozan While the cotton shipping season is open, the Missouri Pacific Railroad company has placed T. C. Thomas, of Okolona. in charge of the Ozan depot. Since the Missouri Pacific bus lines have run through the Ozan community, there has been little use made of U.e depot. The Western Union lines and other equipment have been moved out of the depot and only the express room has been used. Mr. and Mrs. Thomas have an apartment in the home of Mrs, William Babe r. The whirligig beetel has each eye divided into two parts; one seeing above watert and the other for seeing below the siirl'nce. Committee Report GENECA.— (/?)— The League of Nations sub-committee, it was understood Thursday, has reached a decision to present Premier Mussolini with the alternative of withdrawing Italian volunteers from the Spanish civil war or seeing the French rentier thrown into open arms. Japanese Reply WASHINGTON. — OP) — Official circles received without surprise the Japanese reply to Secretary Hull's protest against bombing of Chinese noncombatants. Some dispapointmcnt was known to be felt over the lack of a specific guarantee by Japan to halt air raids. The reply declared that bombardment was necessary to destroy Chinese bases of resistance. Responsible quarters emphasized that the United States has no intention "of co-operating" with Japanese military to ten extent of moving diplomatic representatives in China every time the Nipponese command warns foreigners that they risk grave personal danger unless they seek safety. Jap Statement TOK10—l/l'j— The Japanese government Thursday 'defended as strategically necessary the aerial bombing of Nanking which drew a formal protest from the United States government. The Japanese point of view was contained in a reply, made public Thursday, to the American protest of September 22, transmitted after oral representations against Japan's announced intentions of subjecting the Chinese capital to a mass aerial bombardment. 'Ilie note was delivered to the United States embassy written in Japanese. Following is an unofficial translation: "As your government knows full well, Nanking, unlike any other city in China, is a strongly fortified city. It is the base of China's military operations and it is necessary for Japan's purposes to bomb military organs and establishments in and out of the city. "Japanese bombing is only directed at those military organs and has not the intention to cause damage to noncombatants. Before bombing, Japan warned Chinese noncombatants. "Japan's policy of respecting as far as possible the lives, properly and interests of people of third powers is unchanged, as already has been repeatedly declared. Japan warned Aineri- (Continued on Page Six) A Thought Use sin as it will use you; spare it not, for it will not spare you; it is your murderer, and the murderer of the world; use it, therefore, as a murderer should be used. Kill it before it kills you. Lou love not death; love not the cause of dentil.- f.M.xii'r. TOP ROW—Extreme left, Coach Allan Berry, Ragsdale, 81; E. Barker, 71; McHancy, 65; Hoyden, 77; Brown, 78; Redding, 83; T. Barker, 61; McMullian, SO; Mateman, 84, Scott, 66. SECOND ROW—Jones, 75; Price, 68; Bourn, 76; Gilliam, 61; Odell, 81; Smith, 73; Britt, 67; Rouse, 63; Moore, 69; Daly, 70; Newton, 62; Sinuns, 79; McDonald, 65x; Alspaugh, 74. Justice Black to Speak Over Radio May Reply to Allegation of Being Member of Ku Klux Klan WASHINGTON-OP)-Associate Justice Hugo L. Black, President Roosevelt's appointee to the supreme court bench, will speak to the nation over the radio Friday night—presumably in reply to allegations that he is a member of the Ku Klux Klan. National Broadcasting company officials announced that Black, who returned Wednesday from a European vacation, would make his address over the nation-wide radio facilities from 8:30 to 9 p. m. central standard time. The speech also will be broadcast by Columbia, mutual networks. Drops Investigation KANSAS CITY, Mo. — (ff>) — The American Bar association Thursday killed its investigation of the appointment of Justice Hugo Black, but, in a heated debate, directed further study of a proposed condemnation of his alleged membership in "a secret and oath-bound" organization. Good-Will Tour- SEATTLE, Wash. — (jTj— President Roosevelt left the American shores Thursday on a "good will" visit to Victoria, B. C., sailing on the Destroyer Phelps in a pelting rainstorm. He will return to the United States before nightfall. Travelers Given Great Ovation 2,500 Fans Greet Doc Prothro and Team as They Return Home LITTLE ROCK—OP)—Little Rock acclaimed its diamond heroes Thursday when optimistic Doc Prothro and his Travelers came home to engage the Fort Worth Cats in the annual Dixie series classic starting Thursday night. Approximately 2,500 fans gathered at the Union station to welcome the team that brought baseball glory to Arkansas for the first time in 17 years by winning the Southern Association flag and the Shaughnessy play-off. Shortly before the arrival of the team, Governor Carl Bailey proclaimed a seven-day period beginning Thursday as "Traveler Tribute Week." MIND Your MANNERS Test your knowledge of correct social usage by answering the following questions, then checking against the authoritative answers below: 1. When choosing food in a cafeteria, i.s it good manners to reach over other food for the choicest serving on the counter? i. Should one stack his dishes on the table when he has finished eating'.' 3. Is one expected to tip a waitress in u cafeteria who refills glasses or curries one's tray to the table. 4. Is it a good idea for one to ask for a service plate at a cafeteria when the foods he is choosing are served only in small di.,hes? 5. Must one wait until he has swallowed a bite of food before attempting to talk? What would you do if— You have filled a tray in a crowded cafeteria and can find a place only at a table where someone else is already eating— (a) Quietly seat yourself at his table? ib> Say, "Do you mind if 1 sit at this table"? tci Say, "Well, 1 guess there's nowhere else to sit.' 1 Answers 1. No. 2. No. 3. No. 4. Yes. 5. Yes. Best "What Would You Do" solution— <b). (Copyright 1!).'17, NEA Service. Inc.) U. S, Bar to Fight F.D'sCourtPlan Seven-Man Commission Is Formed to Take Immediate Action KANSAS CITY-OP)—The American Bar Association created a seven-man commission Thursday, ready to take action in the event of further attempts to revise the federal judiciary system. Without opposition or debate, a record-breaking attendance of the association's assembly approved a special committee's report recommending the setting up of a commission of seven members to meet any new efforts to "remake the courts." The bar's legislative body, the House of Delegates, added its prompt ratification, unanimously approving the report prepared by a committee headed by Sylvester C. Smith Jr., of Phillips- Inirg, N. J. The commission will be appointed by the association's president. It will be instructed to report any proposed changes in the country's judicial system to the bar association for a membership referendum which would guide the action of the commission. Lc.ssing Roscnthal, Chicago, tried to record the bar as favoring mandatory public hearings in the Senate on Supreme Court nominations. His resolution, which he said was inspired by I-resident Roosevelt's appointment of Senator Hugo L. Black to the Supreme Court, was ruled out of assembly consideration when it failed to receive the unanimous approval necessary because of its tardy submission. He said he would try to have it substituted in the Resolutions Committee for a resolution submitted by Robert Lee Tullis, former dean of law at Louisiana State University, proposing an investigation of the fitness of Justice Black for court member- si li p. The Assembly voted to abandon consideration of the pending federal child labor amendment, but the House of Delegates decided to take up the report Thursday for final action.' The American traveling public consumes 15,000,000 pounds of meat, costing $.'l.. r >flO,()00, annually on dining cars. Ban on Infantile Paralysis Lifted, Classes Monday Announcement Follows Conference School and Health Authorities HENRY' S STATEMENT School Buses to Run pri Regular Schedule Monday Morning Miss Beryl Henry, superintendent of Hope public schools, announced Thurs- day that all Hope school would reopen Monday morning on regular schedule. Announcement of the reopening of the schools followed a conference with school authorities, city, state and U. S. public health officials. The school closed Tuesday noon when a junior high school student became ill of infantile paralysis. In a statemnt, Miss Henry said: "Hope public schools will open Monday, October 4, after a quarantine of nearly a week. The high school building has been thoroughly aired since the ban was placed on the school. "It is the opinion of the city physician, state and U. S. public health departments that there is no further risk. This will serve as a notice to all rural children and drivers that the school buses will run on scheduled time Monday morning:" Dr. Grace's Statement Dr. J. K. Grace of Little Rock, district health officer, who came here for a conference with authorities, also issued a statement which follows: "To tho. people of Hope and vicinity. Due to the fact that one case of infantile paralysis in the city of Hope has occurred—and this child has been duly, isolated and quarantined—-the public schools can bfiehImmediately. "Since this child did riot become acutely ill in school there is no use for such fear of infantile paralysis as instigated. • "I am taking this authority and means of giving your permission to reopen the schools by order of the district health officer, the state board, of health and the U. S. public health service." Band to Practice Mrs. Leon Bundy of the Hope Boys Band Auxiliary announced that regular band practice would be resumed at 7:15 p. m. Thursday at Paisley school. All band students are urged to be present. M Bailey to Make 16 Speeches in State Will Begin Speaking Tour Saturday Night at Bentonville LITTLE ROCK— Tentative plans fop Governor Bailey to make a 14-day cam campaign speaking tour, beginning Saturday night at Bentonville and including 16 addresses in as many cities and towns, were announced by the Bailey-for-Senator headquarters at tile Capital hotel Wednesday night, The governor will attend the Southwest Regional Conference on State Parks at Petit Jean state park Friday night. He will be honor guest at a luncheon at Fayetteville Saturday preceding the Arkansas T. C. U. football game, which he will attend. Following the game he will visit a county fair festival at Rogers, but will not make a formal speech there. He will begin his intensive campaigning with an address before a northwest Arkansas audience on the courthouse lawn at Bentonville Saturday night. He will visit Benton county friends Sunday, spending considerable time at Siloam Springs, where ho will visit John Brown College. He will make the second address o£ his tour at Harrison Monday night, Tuesday he will go to Pocahontas for an address during the afternoon before moving to Jonesboro for a night speech. He will speak at Forrest Cily Wednesday night. Thursday night he will speak at Pine Bluff and Friday night at Monticello. He will close the week with addresses at Fordyce and El Dorado, Saturday afternoon and night, respectively. The remainder of the tentative schedule calls for an address at Nashville, October 11. one at m'katlelphia the following day. and addresses at Batesville and Newport, October 13. He will speak in Little Rock, October 14, at Fori Smith October 15 and at Russell ville October 16. Congressman JCjhn E. Miller probably will announce his speaking itinerary Thursday, his headquarters said. He is scheduled to address a rally at Harrison Saturday afternoon. Thus fat he has delivered five campaign speeches. George Frederick Handel, compos« er of "The eMssiah," was born ot February 23, Ifi85.
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