Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on September 28, 1937 · Page 6
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 6

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Hope, Arkansas
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Tuesday, September 28, 1937
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Page 6
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MGESIX HOPE STAR, HOPE, ARKANSAS Tuesday, September 28, 1037 five New Planes for State Squadron War Department to Deliver New Ships About the First of January WASHINGTON.— <>F)— The War Department announced Monday night the 154th Observation Squadron. Arkansas National Guard, would get (our or five new planes next year from a group recently ordered. Officers said thcr would be 97 ships to distribute among the 19 squadrons. They probably will be delivered soon after the first of the year. The ships will be of the observation type, equipped with 560-horsepower Single motors. The contract calls for fast, high-winged monoplanes, similar to those used by observation squadrons of the regular army. New Ptnnes Will Be Larger LITTLE ROCK, Ark.— Capt. Robert W. Crisp said Monday night the new planes to be received by the 15Jth Observation Squadron, Arkansas National Guard, \voukl be larger, more modern and twice as fast as the old Douglas 38's which die squadron has had since 1933. The new ships will be North America O-47's with a cruising speed of 200 miles an hour and 560 horsepower motors. The old Qougias planes had a Bruising speed of 100 miles an hour ftnd 525 horsepower motors. The new North American's will have positions for a pilot, observer and gunner whereaes the old-type ship had positions for only a pilot and observer. _ - -^»-»-^^- — - • Freight Rates to Be Studied by Governors LITTLE ROCK, Ark.— Iff")— Governor Carl E. Bailey Monday invited the governors of Louisiana, Texas and Oklahoma to meet with him here October 21 to plan "protective measures" against "discriminatory" freight rates in the Southwest. He said he was calling the meeting With a view to co-ordinating the position and efforts of the southwestern stfttes, believing that ' ; an appropriate BWthod of defense or attack may be „ arrived at only after a general discussion." The interstate commerce commission now has before it two cases filed by States east of the Mississippi river and SOUth of the Ohio and Potomac rivers asking a downward revision of rates in those areas. Bailey said "any downward revision U.S. Launches Huge, Costly Plan to Build a Frankly-Subsidized Merchant Marine L* The U. S. Maritime Commission sits down to the task of building a merchant marine. President Joseph P. Kennedy is in the center. At the left are Thomas M. Woo.Iward nml Edward C. Mornni At right are Henry A. Wiley and Emory S. Land, retired naval admirals. The hoard is in the midst of the task of shifting from the old "mail subsidy" basis, to a new frank and open building and operating subsidy with public ownership looming in the background. _„_...„.„„.... By NEA Service This month %vill be a critical one in the history of the American merchant marine, as a program gets under way to build 95 ship for foreign trade under a frank building and opening subsidy. Twothings will happen, both likely to have a lasting effect on America's future at sea. One of them is expected bidding by American shipyards on the building of a new Atlantic passenger ship like the Manhattan and the Washington to replace the abandoned Leviathan. The number and kind of bids received on this job will give a hint as to how the Merchant Marine Act om 1936 is going to work. The other September happening will be completion by Chairman Joseph P. Kennedy of the U. S. Maritime Commission of a complete study of the position of the American merchant marine in the national economy; that is, a study of its financial, economic, industrial and labor troubles, its value to the country, commercial, social and defensive. And finally, what it would cost to improve it, and whether it is worth the cost. First Complete Survey Though the United States has poured $3,500,000,000 inti commercial shipping since 1914, no such thorough study Government Builds (Continued from Page One) Latest and most impressive fruit of the merchant marine campaign that began in 1928, the liner Washington is shown above entering New York harbor. With her twin, the Manhattan, the Washington is America's best for the Atlantic passenger trade. Another similar ship is planned. ^^ ........ __________ of the rates complained of in both the j hgs b een m ade before. This one will proceedings mentioned above n|.iy have a discriminatory effect against the Southwest." Spice tones of brown are popular fait colors. World's cheapest most effective livestock fence. Controller plugged into light socket or battery gives wire harmless kick. Livestock won't go over or under it. We prove it. SAVE S«% IN FENCING COST Save wire. Save posts, use stakes. No gates, use snap. 'No up-kcep cost except about lOc monthly for electricity for one to 200 acres. 30 clay trial. Ask for Free Demonstration F. L. PADG1TT, Agent, Hope. •»(>-«»0-«M»(MM»-0' 5360,000,000 Life Insurance In Force Donald V. Moore Representative of Jefferson Standard LIFE INSURANCE CO. guide Kennedy in his colossal job of starting a shipping program that is new both in extent and in plan. The Merchant Marine Act of 1936 projects into American business an entirely new principle. Fortune Mag- I azine concludes in its September issue, which is dveotecl to a survey of American shipping. This is the direct building and operating subsidy. Subsidies are nothing new, Fortune says. The tariff is a form of subsidy, s.c- were the airmail contracts, so was the AAA. But the new kind of direct subsidy about to be tried is a frank and open contribution from taxes of about $9,000,000 a year in operations and a total of 5256,440,000 for new ships. Further, if this "sweetening" doesn't draw sufficient private capitcl into building and operating ships, the act empowers the commission to have the government build and operate the ships. Government May Take Over It is a sort of "lait call" for a privately owr.L-d and operated merchant fleet. the shipping company. Repayment to Kennedy's study is expected to show the government is spread over 20 i QUILTS Properly Laundered 2 nd jC,p Nelson-Huckins marine. If it doesn't vcrk, then the gcvernment will pay out no more money through private operators; it will just go into the business itself to .such an extent as it is decided thai tho country must have a merchant Orville W. Erringer Hope. ArK. Representing Hamilton Trust Fund Sponsored'by Hamilton Depositors to what extent such a fleet is needed. And a hint at some of the other facts lis study will disclose is contained in ;he Fortune survey. For instance, Fortune finds that of 3475 ships now sailing under the American flag, only 420 of them are general-cargo common carriers in foreign trade. That puts the United States far behind Britain's 2100 such ships, and even behind Japan and Italy. And, tc top that off, 35 per cent of the American ships are more than 17 years old, which means that they are heading for the scrap heap pretty fast. Practically all our merchant fleet was built at the end of the World War and within five years will be obsolete. Before the World War there just wasn't any U. S. merchant marine to speak of. More than 30 bureaus und agencies. of the government are engaged today in regulating phases of this business of 53 ocean lines under 36 privately owned companies. They carry about a third of American foreingn trade, Compared to the 10 per cent carried Wai'. .yAmerican ships before tho World Ovj.i supply of Ships This merchant marine has not been -eh'-sup^ i ting s:nce 1891, and neither the hectic building during the World War, nor the indirectly subsidized building since 1'J^S under the Jones- ,vhite Act has^ greatly changed the picture of an industry that is a natural loser. Ihe world has more ships than il years, the probably efficient life of the ship, at 3.5 per cent interest. Shipbuilders are strictly limited to 10 per cent profit, and any profit over that must be returned to the commis- don. Such shipbuilders must open their books to the government, and may not reckon as part of costs any salaries abo%'e $25,000. When the ship is in operation, the jovernmcnt will also pay to the company a percentage of the cost of wages, repairs, maintenance, and other items that compensate the American line icr the higher cost it pays for those things as compared to what a foreign line must pay. Last Chance for Private Owners Every subsidized cargo ship must .airy a 100 per cent American crew, and with a few exceptions, so must passenger ships. Since the government pays the part of the wage bill that rsics above comparable wages on foreign ships, the members of all maritime unions will be on subsidized lines in effect dealing with the government, . Then, should the operation of this sytem prove unsatisfactory, or fail to achieve the objectives of the act, "to further the development and maintenance of. a well-balanced merchant marine, to promote the commerce of the United States, to aid in the national defense then the commission needs to carry its present cargoes. The is empowered to goahead and build ships to be owned and run by the government itself. After years of floundering, it now appears that the final effort is now cost of building servicing and opcrat- lb( , ing " launchcd to build a merchant _, = Cobb's Radio Service : 5 RCA Radio Tubes = Evereatly Batteries ~ We make yours smart, /askionab It, remove all soils, dirt& wrinkles by dry cleaning, PHONE 385 = Phone 383 ™* Expert Repair Work So. Elra= HALL Cleaners & Hatters Real Estate Notice j j ALL OWNERS of residences, huild-o ing lots, or farms, for rent, sale, or trade are courteously requested t«O phone 826 and give descriptions and particulars of property to— Foster & Bordenj 123 VV. Division St. Licensed Real Estate Brokers j Herndon-Cornelius Burial Association Office at HOPE FURNITURE COMPANY Hope, Ark For Safe Protection Call for agent—Phone 5, 56?, 227 marine owned and operated in private hands. Senate Election (Continued from Page One) has no announced opposition. Possibility that Judge Millwce might INSURE NOW With ROY ANDERSON and Company Fire, Tornado, Accident Insurance The Best in Motor Oils Gold Seal W% Penn., ql 25c The New Sterling Oil, qt. 3(lc ing American ships is far higher than the cost to any other country. Sit- down striken have further handicapped American .ships in competition with other:, by making their sailings irregular. Ihe labor situation affecting American shipping is more confused and turbulent than ever before, so much so as to be "not only a present difficulty but also to be a definite menace to the continued existence of the Ainer- ican merchant marine," according to! he opposed was seen when Circuit a letter from Kennedy to William j Judge B. E. Isbell said that he was be- Green of the A. F. of L. denying a re-; ing solicited to make the race. quest that the government side withj Judge Is-bell indicated a definite the A. F. of L. unions as against those statement of his intentions soon, say- ot the C. I. O. i ing: Kennedy is already preparing bills i "I have been and am now being so- for the next Congress providing means Hieiled to make the race but do not uf adjusting marine labor disputes have any statement to make now re- along the lines of the railway labor board. Old Subsidies Scrapped The problems facing the new attempt to build and run u merchant marine are complex nideed. But here, ac- belt has been pxperimenced. Officials believe thnt this is partly because congressmen don't want to get involved in this politically dangerous experiment until they find out whether it is going to be a success. Except for a small personal property tax, the resident of Greenbelt has no state, county or town tax levy to pay. Surpluses from rent payments will run the town and pay the school taxes. In addition, the resident of Greenbelt may, if he wishes, take part in the most-discussed feature of the entire project—the co-operative which handles the town's commerce. Hope It Will Be Check This co-operative was set up by Edward A. Filene, Bcston merchant, and is known as the Consumer* Distribution Corporation. It has leased the business properties of the town and will flperate the gas station, food and drugstores restaurant and bar, and the movie theater—although it may decide to sublease the latter. It is largely on this co-operative thai the hopes of Greenbelt's planners arc pinned. They see in the co-operative idea, not a displacement of the private profit system, but a check or control on it. It should be, they say, a competitive mechanism to keep private onterprcneurs from running hog-wild they they hope that in Greenbelt it will lolwer as it should. A Greenbelt family which buys a share of stock in the Consumer Distribution Corporation will be given an identifng i identifying number. Each time a member of the family buys anything, the amount will be enered opposite the family's number. Prices charged will be in line with those of privately- owned stores in nearby towns or in Washington. In Proportion to Buying Once a year, or perhaps oftencr, the books of the corporation will be totaled. What profits remain, after deductions have been made for reserves and possible expansion, will be returned to the stockholders—not in proportion to the number of shares they hold, but in proportion to the amount of their purchases. In this way it will be ot the advantage of each family to become a member of the co-operative. Three reports will be issued annually in Greenbelt, and through them it will be possible to trace the towns development. One will be the city's manager's report, showing how well the citizens— given a fresh start, under ideal conditions—can make town democracy work. This report will also show how efficiently Greenbelt was planned, and whether indeed this Tugwellian idea of a community can actually be run more cheaply and efficiently than the usual city. Will Other Families Buy? The second will be the report of the government authority which owns the buildings. Therein can be read the record of the city's growth—whether other families, attracted by Greenbelt, lease.some of the town's unused land lo build their own homes, and whether housing co-operatives have been formed to expand the city. Thirdly, there will be the report of the co-operative corporation which will show how the co-operative is working out. Future plans for the community call for the development of a great recreation area on the surplus land about the city proper. On or adjoining these lands are the work grounds or experiment stations of various governmental agencies: the Soil Erosion Administra- ^ tion, the Biological Survey and the i Forest Service. Eighteen miles of trails J are to be built through these areas, i with overnight camping lodges for the use of hikers who, on their excursions, will encounter demonstration stations showing what government planners arc up to. Must Come From Within Indeed, so much do Greenbelt's builders and planners envision the town as a demonstration station and experimental laboratory that its citizens may run the danger of becoming national guinea pigs. Another similar throat they must guard against is paternalistic control exercised by the government, which theoretically washes its hands of everything in the town save the administration of land and buildings. The risk of such paternalism, unconsciously, but none the less effectively exerted, is great. If it exists, much of Greenbelt's potentiality will be rendered null and void. For Greenbelt's gorwth, if it is to mean anything or prove anything, must come from the desires of its own inhabitants, and must not be crammed down the citizenry's throat by a government clique of idealists who think they know what is best. Hitler's Man of Might The warlike setting is one appropriate to General Werner von Bloni- berg, who curries the baton of a German Field Marshal, for he has spent 40 years in his country's military service. By NBA Service BERLIN.—B-r-r-r-rum went the roll of the sharp German drums. Tarrah- tanta-ram went the notes of the trumpets. Thud-thud-thud went the goose- stepping feet of a crack regiment. All this took place rencctly in a little Hanoverian garrison town when Werner Edward Fritz von Blomberg. Minister of war in the Nazi slate, took the solute of the regiment of which he had been made Coloncl-in-ehief. This Colonecy was just another honor Adolf Hitler, boss of the new Germany, had conferred on the German General who had done so much to align the regular German army solidly on the side of the Nazi regime. Forty years ago von Blomberg joined the 73rd Regiment of Fusiliers as a young Lieutenant. To celebrattc that anniversay Hitler made von Blomberg the head of the regiment which has taken the place of the old 73rd. The man thus honored is no climber to the heights from humble beginnings as is the case with Hitler- himself. He wa's born with a "von" in front of his family name. He is n typical Prussian Junker. He belongs to what was known as "Schwcrtadcl"' —Sword Nobility. They were not only Junkers, they were not only owners of landed estates in East Prussia, but traditionally in their family the men served as army officers. Von Blornberg.s was born 58 years ago. By the limp the World Wai- broke out, he hiid risen in the army hierarchy to such a point that he was a general staff officer in the great Battle of the- Marnc. He was with the Seventh German Army when it stopped the advance of the French at the river Aisnc. The war over and badly lost, von Blomberg went back into .service with the Rcichswchr, which under the Versailles Treaty was limited to 100,000 men. He was one of the men who helped make this small army one of the most powerful for it-s numbers that the modern world has seen. His whole heart went out to Hitler after thr latter came into power. For Hitler tore ui> the Treaty of Versailles and gave Liquid, Tablets Salve, Note Drops checks Malaria in 3 days Golds first day . Headaches, 30 minutes. Try "Kub-My-Tism" World's Best Liniment the Rcichswchr carle blanche to go ahead and build an army as big as they liked. Today that army has probably over 50,000 trained men, completely equipped with the tools of modern warfare. Blomberg and Hitler became inli- mnto friends and co-workers. With the army safely behind him, I filler could disregard the malcontents in lii.f Brown Shirt Army. One of the remits WHS his fiunoiis purpo of ]!).'{! when he got rid of hundreds of Na/.i opponents by the .shotgun route. Tint ended all Brown Shirt insistence (hat they be enrolled bodily in the army. Von Blombcrfi ami his Jnnlters wanted to pick and choose their conscripl.s and they continue to do -so. Hitler mad von Blomberg Minister of War in his cabinet. Still showering gifts, in Moy 1986 he made von Hlomhorfi a Field Marshal. The baton was inscribed: "From the Fuehrer to the first Field Marshal of the Third Hcieh." Personally von Blomherg is tall, with broad shoulders and ii face that does not look bis 58 yours. He is a widower and his dniiKhtcr keeps modest house for him in Berlin. Like his daughter, who studied in F.n.nlaml. the General speaks fluent English nml puts it to good ii.sc when important Britons come to Berlin. "A husband like yours must been hard to fiii'l." "He still is." There are 400 fur farms within I he boundaries of the province of Manitoba. What Two Things Happen When You Are Wlion you nrn cnnstipril'.'d tu-o (Iiini^ }j;in~ pen. I 1 'JUST: Wastes B\VC>]| up the ? •wcilf IIM! jircss on nrrvea in lh<! clijv'stU'u tntct. Tint nrrvo propsnrn ctuiscs hciuluchi-.s, a dull, In/y fri'Ung, llilmMB Bnt'lta, Inrs M ttppvtitt! Hliil uiz- «incfs. HECONl): I'nrtly (iiwainl ,'ood Bt.-irl i to decay forming CIAS, briimini: nn ".nnr ntonKicli (ncid indiKrwUnn), nml hc:nrt!)iir;i, blouting you up until you flornutimca i;n?p fur brent!). Then you spnnd nuinv iniecrrililo d:iya. Yini cnn't cut. You r;iii't sleep. Your H!nnir!eh ii sour. You fed tired out, grouchy mid iniscr- able. To Ret thn complete relief you prek yon must do TWO things. I. You must relieve thn GAS. 2. You linut rl«ir I lie Imwuls iiiul (IDT THAT PllliKStlltK OFK TJI1C NKKVRS. Aa soon JIM offending wnwtefi nn- witched out you feel ninrvelotisly refreshed, bluca vanish, the world looks bright a«:iin. There is only otm product on tho market that Kivea you the double action you need. It is ADI.KRIKA. This rllieient ciiriuinntivi! cathartic relicvea that awful GAS at once. U often removea bowel eotu;eMinn in h:tlf nn hour. No wiutmi', for overnight relief. Ad!>T- ikn acts on the HlTjmach and both bowels. Ordinary laxatives aet on the lower bowel only. Adlerika has been recommended by many doctors und drup.LM.Hts for .'i5 yeiir.i. No i:ri;,- infi, no lifter etTecta. ,iu^t QUICK rvs'tHs. Try Adlerika today. You'll t»:iy you lirr.o never used such an efficient intestinal clcan-sur. JOHN S. GIBSON DKUG CO. Tol-E-Tex Oil Co. East 3rd, Hog; -Cpt-n Day & Kite .-J $5.00 Down SALES and SERVICE Harry W. Shiver Plumbing-Electrical PHONE 259 "jcn-ding to the Fortune survey, is what the Merchant Marine Act of 193(1 aims to do: It sets with broad act. garding my plans." Chairman June P. Woolen of the State committee said he had heard of no demand for a primary in the 14th judicial circuit where four democrats have announced for the office now held by J. H. Black, of Yellville, appointed by Governor Bailey. "If the candidates there have any- up a five-man commission thing to suggest we will be glad to con- powers to administer the »'<'er it," said Woolen. Judte Black, Marvin Hatheoat. H;ir- It cuts off all the old ocean mail sub- ''«"' attorney; Prosecutor R. B. Gashes which were such a lavish source I"". Harrison and Garner t raser. Chn- ' •• have announced for the l" ' Boy Scout sidics of waste and scandal. Instead it offers to private companies aiming to build and run ships in foreign service several forms of direct subsidy. First, the government will pay outright the difference between the cost ;f an approved .ship ami the far lo\wr cost of building it abroad, up lo hall the tctal cost. Thus the government •jssume.s the handicap faced by American ship lines due to higher w.v;<-' and material cusU in American yard-, than those in foreign countries. Tin.' uovurnincnt also pays the full .;i':-L of any .-pecial equipment the navy v.ani:; put ill which is not useful ii> ..(•.•i.ilini 1 , (lie -,lii|i. like gnu mount.-, r'lo ail me reliant ships built by mains countries in the world today are iiu- lential '.var \e..sels. 1'inlil- I jmilt (I Then tin- novernment will lend !:i' i : hipping coinp.iii.v the r^-.st of th" >•• \ i of the .ship i-xn-pt for olir-fuui I u .,( li.'lal co:.I. \'.i,K-h inn-I be p.iid n|. ..•. (Continued from Page One) IHAV on s.de and ran !.<• pnrr from either IV,y Seoul- or [ lit ma.--l<TS in tin 1 varion , I' > .'. i. Te\-Ark di-trict. Suspect Is Sought (Continued from Page One) ing was bona fide but executed by "young punks." Only one of the kidnapers—a youth about 20 and five feet, seven inches tall, with brown < wavy hair—was seen by Miss Freihage. a plump woman of 45 who served as a secretary in the greeting card firm headed by Ross until his retirement several years ago. This youth covered them with a revolver and was quoted as sayinp: "This i.-: a snatch; My boss told me took S8f :mg. i; reported hi • and asked: for a half million or f,.:TluSt users of U.i- Cliin'-'Se, who sealed v. iiii iheir tliumbprints. I' tin- earliest known uses Gov. HEAR OVER RADIO Toni 7 O'CLOCK (TUESDAY) Governor Carl E. Bailey will speak to the people on the Special Senatorial Election. —Tune in Arkansas Network Stations— KARK Little Rock KYRA Little Rock KELD El Dorado KFPW Ft, Smith KTOM Pine Bluff KCMC Texarkaua l»

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