Vacuum Cleaner Is Big Help on Farm Has Done 'Much to Take the Drudgery Out of Farmtife Dirt is the common enemy of farmer and farm-wife alike. In winter, summer, spring and fall it winds its grimy way into house and «arn, menacing not only peace of mind, but health and happiness. In times past, it has been estimated that the farm wife spent on an average of more than an hour & day chasing dirt, time that she could ill spare from her other more pressing duties. The farmer, loo, must continueally fight dirt if he is to run his business efficiently. The barn, dairy room and chicken,house have sanitary requirements which must be fulfilled. It has been customary for the farmer to spend many hours in laborious cleaning each week—time that he might well spend in more productive labor. The vacuum cleaner has probably done as much to take the drudgery out of farm life as any other appliance The spring and fall cleaning, is now made easy by the electrically-operated vnccum cleaner. Unlike the broom and duster method, which stirs up dust from one place only to deposit it In another, the vacuum cleaner takes dirt permanently out of circulation. It WJ8! remov* dtiirf, dirt and pirne from fldors, rugs, draperies, uphol* •few* furnituw, jftAttrea** «nd tiwh- ions. The farmef himself has found the vacuum cleaner as mdispenslMe to. him as it Is to. h|> wife. With an attachable nozzle, it can be used to clean up flfcs in the dairy room al night. It can b* used to clean incubators, spray paint, bum stumps and do other miseellan* eous tasks. The picture of a housewife down on her hands and knees, dust cloth in h«nd, prying Into corners for dust, is not a pleasant one. It represents backbreaking drudgery. Consider, then, how the vacuum cleaner has changed her dally routine, even her mode of living. A few minutes each day with this labor-saving device, running it over the floors antf furniture, and her rooms are spotless. Perhaps she will hand the cleaner ,to one of her young children to do the work—if it can be called that. In any event, her cleaning takes only a fraction of the time it used to under the old broom system, and the vacuum does it much mode efficiently, too. "Hie cost of operation of aw vacuum cleaner is very small. Using a motor of 200 watts capacity, it consumes from '. to 2 kwh per month. At a 5-cent rate, this would be only S to 10 cents a month. Fly-trapping has been reported as a unique use for a vacuum cleaner, lomema'kers are reporting that they lave been able to rid their houses and milk rooms of flies by attaching the lose nozzle and moving it past the lies at dusk or dawn when they are ' '• "V' " '*' Farm Electricity Lags Behind Factory Bubonic Plague Is Fleas Federal Investigators Fear Outbreak o£ "Black j INDUSTRY 3.20 KW. HER MAN AGRICULTURE! ( We take great pleasure in joining with many otters in congratulating the City of Hope and the Rural Citizens of Hempstead County on the new Rural Electrification Program. Citize ns National Bank F ARM POWER HAS LAGGED BEHIND— The average working man on the farm has only one- twentieth as much electrical energy to help him as J«!L W ? l * ill8r m " n in indu8trv - At the beginning of 1937, industry was over 80 percent electrified while electricity was used as a power source in less than', 3 percent, of agricultural processes. Each industrial' worker had 3.20 kilowatts to help him; each agricultural worker only 0.10 kilowatts. v~ * t.-- i"f J?: io ?- are l»Nr'dinged," howwif^with rural electric line construction under way in every ;sectK>n of the United States, John M. Carmody; M-J gently appointed Rural Electrification Administra. i tor, says that indications point to half again as much rural Jine construction activity in 1937 as in 1930 the biggest farm power year heretofore. And era no doubt will in time be provided with new trie tools devised to bring to agriculture the efficiency which has revolutionized industry./ sluggish. They are easily caught. Some farmers have found the vacuum cleaner convenient for cleaning the small feathers and fine dust out o: their incubators. But each uses for this modern labor- saver are incidental to the prime function of the vacuum—the easy and efficient removal of dirt. Cleaning anc straightening up .the house will always be one of the wife's most important tasks. The time required each day for housecleaniag is dependent on a number of factors—for example, the kind pf floors and the type of floor coverings. The number and age of the children in the. home largely determines the necessary cleaning up of the dirt that is tracked it. But whatever time a wife spends in cleaning, she can be certain, that once she has a vacuum cleaner, she will never do without it. The prices of vacuum cleaners range "rom ?20 to ?65 for the stationary jrush type, and from ?30 to $100 for the rotating brush type. Selfish Two London cabmen were glaring at each other. "Aw, what's the matter with you?" demanded one. "Nothing's the matter with me." "You gave me a narsty look," persisted the first. "Well," responded the other, "now you mention it, you certainly have a narsty look; but -I didn't give it to you." Urge Electricity for Tenant House Advantages Are Cited by Nation's Leading- Farm Leaders Congratulations- City of Hope "More Power' to You and "More Conveniences" to Your Rural Subscribers Hempstead County Lumber Company Throe of the nation's farm leaders, representing more than 2,000,000 farmers, today urgd American land-owners to follow the example of Holland and France and include their tenant houses in rural electrification projects. The gist of the appeal was that social benefits would accrue to the tenant while the landlord would profit in dollars and cents because electrification of the farm would attract a higher type tenant, reduce tenant turnover, Lower fire hazard, and increase the saleable price of the property. The three men were Edward A. O'Neal, of Chicago, 111., president of :he American Farm Bureau Federa;ion; L. J, Tabor, of Columbus, Ohio, master of the National Grange; and Howard A, Cowden, Kansas City, Mo., jresident of the Consumers' Co-operative Association. Each expressed his opinion in a letter addressed to Rural Slectrification Administrator Morris Li. Cooke. "It goes without saying," stated Mr. O'Neal, "that a farm equipment: with -lectric service will attract the better ort of tenant. It will instill in the enaiit more pride in the upkeep and appearance of the farm and it will make life easier and brighter for the- farm women as well as for the head of the house. "It follows that the family that is living comfortably on a rented farm will do more and better work, will be more disposed to co-operate with efforts to improve the place, and will strive to remain good tenants in order to remain where they are happy." Mr. O'Neal added that the electrified farm will be'much easier to sell at a fair price than one that is not so modernized. "In fact," he said, "it is entirely likely that under such conditions the increased sale price would pay for the costs of installations several times over." In his statement, Mr. Taber urged not only that the tenant house be provided with electricity but also that the bams and outbuildings be wired "No one believes that electricity should be used in a manner that is not linally profitable to the farmer and .he home-maker himselff," said Mr. Tabor, adding: "Many make a great mistake, however, by failing to make a complete retaliation, when current is available, (t is not only a great mistake, but an expensive one, when a house only is wired and electricity is used only for ight and the minor household conveniences. "Experience has proven that great avings result where the barn, the out- jiiildings, the chicken houses, tenant louses, and other buildings are pro- perly wired when the installation is first made. Fire hazards are reduced, comfort and conveniences are provided, better health and sanitatiorj[ made possible. Equally important, fi small motor around the barn and oujt-build- ings can pay for itself many .times in the saving of labor and time,? Terming electricity "the ' greatest agency to save labor, improve conditions and beautify rural life," Mr. Tabor said that this new, hired man of the farmer should be used to the fullest extent that is practical and possible. "The greatest problem of the landowner today," said Mr. Cowden in his statement, "is to get satisfactory, dependable tenant farmers of high caliber who will stick on the property year in and year out—tenants' who have enough pride to keep the property in good repair, paint when paint is needed and keep tools in proper condition. "If the land-owner would wire his tenant's property he would get dependable tenants who would stick. This type of man is not satisfied unless he can have the conveniences of modern times which only electric energy will supply. "The land-.owner realizes how much loss he always faces from the danger of, fires. More fires on farms are caused by lamps and hand lanterns than by any other source. With the electrified tenant farms, an electrically operated water pump can provide a ready supply.of water to combat fire. Moset farm fires could be immedia'te- ly extinguished if an ample supply of running water were instantly available. "Again where tenant farms are operated on a share basis, think how much more the land-owners as well as tenant would make if he had electrically operated farm machinery, such as silo fillers, corn .buskers, and shellers, feed grinders, incubators, brooders, hay hoists, and other equipment which is well known to the farmer. The work would be performed at half the cost of gasoline or oil operation and with more satisfactory results. "Where the tenant has to do all these things by hand, electric equipment would do the same work in one- quarter of the time, giving more hours for the tenant to do other work." United, Stabs public health service are investigating conditions in west' ern states whteh they fear might lead to an outbreak of bubonic plague This^they jwy L» the "black death" which, in tbtt 14th century, wiped out one-fourth,of the known world's t»ti- ulation. / v Or. C./JR. Eekey, senior surgeort in charge o,f plague suppresive measures with headquarters in San Francieco say.i wild rodents-chipmunks, ground sqvurrels and prairie dogs-have been found in seven states in the last three yefers carrying; plague-bearing fleas, <flie flea hunters, under his direction, ftftve killed thousands of rodents in Hiose and neighboring states this sum- Jner in an effort to determine areas ihi Rested with carriers of the disease. ; Few Human Cases "The incidence of human infection has been slight thus far," Dr. Eskey reports, "but the potential dangers are so great that the situation and further investigation of all the factors involved in the dissemination." • i. He urges eradication of infested rodents in certain danger zones^ In the last four years, he says, there have been only eight human cases of plague in the United States-five in California and one each in Oregon Nevada and Utah. All victims recovered but one, a sheep herder in Lake county, Oregon, .who died of plague dents, to dissect them for evidence of tm dteease, to He-flea them and to send the fleas and dead tissue to the plague laboratory in San Francisco. There guinea pigs are exposed to the tissues dad fleas from the dead rodents as a is present, for distence of !..„,, American and Ganad flte speed record*. Congratulation* id Hope and Hempstead County HOWE! To Our Customers Who jHjive Been Waiting *W~- * * WEBER and KEYSTONE WAGONS We Can Fill Your Order Now. carload h*» jutt arrived. , Come in to See Us. Liberal Terms, South Arkansas Implement Co; Hope Ark. Apparently there is not nearly as much danger from human contact with plague-infected wild rodents," he says 1 as Jhere is with infected domestic 1*3 tS. ^ . • Infection Spreads Inland Rodent plague wirst war discovered in the United States among domestic rats of San Francisco in 1900. It was believed stamped out among the rate Dr. Eskey says, but later was discovered in field rodents. The area of infection first was believed to be a limited one in California. But in 1934—as plague-carrying fleas apparently spread inland from domestic rats in coastal ports to common field rodents—the plague was discovered among rodents in two interior counties of southern California, Dr Eskey says, and in northeast California and southeast Oregon. Since the public health service began its investigation, he reports, ffuther evidence of the disease among rodents has been found in Nevada, Utah, Montana, Idaho and ashington. 'No trace of the disease has been found in Wyoming, Arizona, Colorado and Wew Mevico where tests also were conducted. But Dr. Eskey adds: "The eastward progress of the infection will continue for an indefinite tune" This summer five rolling labora- iones, manned by flea hunters, were put in the field. Their job: To shoot thousands of ro- A GREETING FfcOM , 'vft >f&<\ To the City of Hope and to the New Electric. Current Users in Hempstead County * For More Than 20 Years % The Gulf name has been symbolic of High Grade'^0 petroleum products and we are happy to record € the City of Hope and the Citizens of Hempstead' 'jrS County among our many satisfied customers. x *-$..'" M.S. BATES Wholesale Distributer Gulf Refining Company Products Goodrich Tires and Batteries * M df* tpt» 4* So 1 hey Say All the protection we had was an American flag stretched in front of a smokestack.—Mrs. Theodore Roosevelt, speaking of American protection on the Whangpoo river. I'll toss it away, if Jackie wants me to.—Film Actress Betty Grable, referring to her film career in connection with her engagement to Jackie Coogan. ^I'll be awfully glad to see father, I'm nearly broke.—John Roosevelt, youngest son of the President, returning from Europe. I would like to dedicate the last 10 years of my life to writing an autobiography, but I will never know where the period begins.—Irene Dunne Hollywood, Calif. Congratulations American Farms Are Behind the Times Hope Arkansas 'T'HIS chart, prepared by tho Rura * Electrification Administration \\ jlustrates the surprising scarcity o electric service ou American farms despite its almost uniform availability to city people. Illumination and running water- made possible by electric -are only two of tn e tages which electricity farm. With them COJSJ1S refrigeration, coo] eatery, for feed grinding aR(l tasks. po«i try ho.ua, for greater egg pxflduoU 0 n, ele< >. ! hun By financing the construction ot new electric distribution lines in territories now without any electric service, as well as wiling installations on groups of farms, the Rnral Electrification Administration Is endeavoring to correct the condition which thia chart portrays, Asais,- lance in financing purchases pj equipment and appliances to ut^ltzs •he electricity brought by ths WW Jnes te to be given by the «ipr«w». zed EUec.tric Home and Vam&v- b-ority, while 4na»ctug of plumWM and rej»o<}eliag is within tho Jitrl* olctipn of tt« Federal Housing Ad- e To the City of Hope and- to Hempstead County on Their Progress and Farsightedness Hope Basket Co.
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