Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on September 27, 1937 · Page 10
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 10

Hope, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Monday, September 27, 1937
Page 10
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k't a* 1 ' £.•*"" A »<V »•"/ 1 i *. "* i A.I * • i <.? 1,1^ L^ on Farms Bp 5 df Ulectric woman's task throughout the history of 'At the expense of drudge <md hardship women have iiftrirtmorial, struggled to at_.-.-standard of cleanliness for .families. The degree of effort tawaid cleanliness might well be tlm* r*juirW ft*> the was with an electric washing 14 about orte-thirtl to ftS a gauge of civilization. ; »Laundry methods and customs vary 'Ji$e*ent countries and localities, " 4»ew«ver cr wherever washing & there is rivalry among women " fting Ihe best results. From, ilapati, and from Mexico to . that woman is respected most community whose washing is ~~J|«fe*t. Throughout the world, ^e housewife's viewpoint, neigti- ;\ate best judged by the condition ,_.. jelr clothes on the line, or stretcch- ea,t»H, the 'grass, as the case night be. of the world, and sad- itiugh, in many parts of our own ' '\ laundry methods remain pri- „-. But a hew day dawned for ^^'AiiHffioaii housewife with the do- iga^slK/uiilkatlon of electric power, light is spreading rapidly. etectfi«Sty is available for Water and running the elec- -machine, women have sad of wash day. The »*«..,, Of the washing machine cin several points. It saves back- .Jcihg labor. It saves time. It saves housewife's health, and, oftentimes •good disposition. Its first cost and ig Cost are small. It makes clean and, because itmakes unnecessary, rt lengthens the Itf'Jttaterlals. th« time oonsvimed by the washboard am tub t&ethod. Th* improved drying type of wnsher will wash and dry ctothes In three hours instead of the eight of nine hours by the old methods. The electric washer can save the housewife as much as si* hours .of hard labor in one washing, All •tfashing ihaehitSes work on the principle of forcing warm soapy water through the fabric of the clothes to remove dirt particles. To do this the clothes are agitated in the soapy water by an electrically driven motor. The method of abitation distinguishes the type of washing machine. There ore five types. The Dolly Type i* used largely on the farm. It is generally operated by means of a portable electric motor. With this type the .clothes are agitated back and forth horizontally by a four-pronged disc, which opeijtes irom the top of the tub. The Submerged Gyrator, or Agitator Type is somewhat like the Dolly, Type, with the "dolly" praceci at the bottom of the tub instead of the top. The electric motor under the tub drives the flangp-shaped disc back and forth. This type is the most commonly used, and it is effectually and easily handled. The Cylinder Type Is used mostly in laundries. Washers of this type contain a horizontally revolving cylinder The Oscillator Type has no moving parts in the tub, but the tub itself revolves back and forth in a horizonta plane. The Vacuum Type operates like the old hand-operated vacuup cup. It has four cups mounted on an axis, which moves up and down and revolves back ind forth at the same time. The energy consumption of a wash- ng machine is relatively low. Tests made by various state experiment sta- ions, covering some 58 families using ypes of machines, give 3 kwh. a month as -the average energy consumption for 4 * : /f^;^"vf7v" l^^i^^i^^fi^x^^ f : ;ll;v4^'^" '^3^44; ' ^ > 1 ' ( < 1 "" '< '*! \ -/ ' I Congratulations to •v ' ; Hope's Municipal Power Plant *Blue Ribbon Bread tot « fototiy o* persoti*. Hettc* the c<ttt at a S cents A kwh, rate wrtdd'tfe IS cents a month, or W.80 a year. The agitator tyj>e of washer is »vail- able in capacities of 4 to 14 pounds of Clothes to be Washed. Those equipped with safety cushion clothes wing, efs range in .price from about $40 to |130, and those having new centrifugal dryers range from about $100 to $160 ta price. The average retail price for nil washing machines sold in the United States in 1935 was $65. The chief aftcor that The chief factor that may add to the cost of a washing machine is depreciation. Considering the average life of a machine to be from 10 to 12 years, the depreciation would be about per cent, or $5.85 a yenr for a machine whose initial price is $65. Care of the machine, however, such as oiling, minor repairs, cleaning and proper loading will enormously increase the life of a machine. Decisions on purchasing a washing machine should be governed by the quantity of the weekly wash. A ma-chine with a' larg capacity will savei more time for the housewife, with no appreciable increase in the cost of energy consumption, and the cost of upkeep and depreciation will be lower. A washing machine must never be overburdened. It is much cheaper to run -the machine for a longer period under lighter loads than to try to rus the wash with a single operation. Ligl loads increase the life of the washe and result in cleaner and brighte clothes. Electric Wire Efficient Fence They're Still Arguing About Old Sitting Bui PIERRE, S. D.— (&)-- A movement t construct a new marker orr the grav of Sitting Bull at Fort Yates, N. D again has revived the question o whether the Sioux warrior was a chie medicine man. Authorities hav . differed on his correct title for years Lawrence K. Fox, superintendent o the state historical department, main tains the trial leader was a medicini man but was called chief "for the wan of a beter title." Stanley Vestal in his book, "Sittin = Hull," wrote: "There are several men still living who saw him inaugurated as head of the non-agency Sioux," and Charles H. L. Johnston called him an Unkpapa chief. However, the bane which Sitting Bull led was more commonly known as the Hunkpapas. Fox says Sitting Bull's grave has been marked several times but the markers have been destroyed by souvenir seekers or vandals. At Your Grocer and CITY BAKERY That Racial Trait Isaac was dying, there was on doubt ibout it He had been unconscious for lours. His family had anxiously gath- tred about his bedside. Suddenly his eyes opened. His wife leaned over him and said tenderly: "Ikey, dp you know me?" "Ach, what foolishments; sure I know you. You're Rebecca, Jnin.e wife." "And these peoples, do you know them?" "Ya, Jake, my son. Isidor, my nephew; Rosie, my daughter; Simon, my son, and my brother, David, and Joseph—Ach, Gott, who's tending store?" Hard To Finda Buffalo "What is it that a man likes about ,us old-fashioned girls?" "The fact that you're gradually disappearing." T HIS PIG IS KEPT "OUT OF THE PARLOR-Farmers every? where are learning more and more of the many and varied uses of electricity on the farm.' • , Hei if J! si . n K I e strand of charged wire is sufficient fencing to keep th? R wit Wn bounds. Twice she has come into contact with the fence, and, 1 lthough the amperage is very low preventing her from getting a serial «us shock, she will not touch the wire again. .. v* <*%• J The Rural Electrification Administration in Washington will furnish 1 {"uH™ " b -° Ut H* l °* US SJ h ajid-with .maximum benefits..^' Ku Klux Klan, Hooded Organization, Is Often Down But Never Quite Out Condensed History of the Ku Klux Klan, Organized by Six Men Following the Civil War to Dispel Gloom Over South, Given in AP Article By The AP Feature Service On December 24,1865, six men of Ihe disbanded Confederate army met in he law office of Judge Thomas M. tones in a small brick building at 'u'laski, Tenn. One of the six, Captain John C. ..ester, proposed a club to dispel gloom over defeat of the south. It was iroposecl that the name should be Kuglos," Greek for band or circle. Someone suggested Ku Klux, and Lester said: "Let's add Klan to this —we're .all Scotch-Irish." That name was adopted. Even Horses Wear Sheets That night the Klansmen disguised n sheets, their horses also covered vith sheets, rode through town fright- ning negroes. Members saw in this rganization a weapon against negroes nd against carpet-baggers from the orth. ' A year later in a ruined house out- de Pulaski the Klan really was born, i its first important conclave. A delegation was sent to General obert E. Lee in Virginia, but while e is supposed to have given the Klan his blessing, he refused to join. General Nathan Bedford Forest, southern cavalry hero, became "Grand Wizard" in convention at Nashville, May, 1867, and Klansmen in full regalia paraded in Athens, Ala., and Pulaski. Acts of Violence Start Acts of violence in the south by men in Klan rega^a followed. Public sentiment was aroused against Klan. Tennessee legislature passed an anti- KKK statute in 1868. Trials of Klan members held in Alabama and Suutl Carolina ended in nonconvictions. But lawlessness attributed to Klan was a factor in its decline, beginning in 1869. The congressional investigation of 1871-72 also hit it hard. By 1873, KKK was a "synonym for the most sinister and dangerous forces in American life" (outside the south) according to Prof. John Moffat Mecklin of Dartmouth. Then for almost half a century KKK was in eclipse. congressional investigation followed, in October, 1921. But exposure and investigation were just so much free publicity for the Klan. It spread rapidly from the old south to west of the Mississippi, into north and east Texas, Arkansas, Oklahoma, northern Louisiana, southern California, Oregon, Ohio and even to New York City, supposed citadel of all the Klan hatred. Evans Takes Spotlight In 1,922 Hiram Wesley Evans, a Texas dentist, appeared at Atlanta headquarters before the Klan's "big threo" —Simmons, Clarke and Mrs. Tyler. "They were ?90,000 in debt," Simmons said, later. "In 60 .days I had them out of debt with ?90,000 in the treasury." Evans became Imperial Kligrapp (secretary) at the Klan's first national klonvocation near Stone Mountain, Ga., in May, 1922. On Thanksgiving Day of that year he became Imperial Wizard. He still holds that position. In the middle 1920's he guided the Klan in its widespread political activities, a power feared or courted by politicians. Electricity Helps in Fire Prevention A Rural Building Burns Every 15 Minutes in United States "Fire Fire!" Nearly every farm family lives in fear of that dreadful cry. It means the frantic gathering together of every available person, carrying buckets, pails, pots and pans—any utensils that hold water. It means a bitter, too often a losing fight, without the reassuring claing of fire engines or the hiss of water streams a«ainst the buildings. And a rural loullding burns every 15 minutes. A lantern frequently is the cause. It has been estimated that fire takes an annual toll of three thosuand five hundred lives on farms in the United States, or about ten lives each day. Property damage by fire in rural America amounts to two hundred and fifty million dollars annually. Lightning, defective flues and chimneys, spontaneous combustion of hay and grains, and accidents in the handling of lanterns, candles and kerosene are among the leading causes. Legend has it that Mrs. O'Leary's cow kicked over the lantern that reduced the city of Chicago to a blackened ash heap. Cows have been kicking over lanterns since before most of us can remember and will continue to as long as there are lanterns to kick. As cows art a necessity, the solution must be to get rid of the lanterns. That means electricity, bringing safe as well as clear and steady light to the farm home, the barns, the poultry houses and the barnyards. As electricity goes far toward preventing farm fires, so it is invaluable in fighting them when they occur. It makes possible adequate water supplies, and the pumping of water under pressure. Buckets of water can only be effective in fighting very small fires. Any pressure water system is much more effective. Their effectiveness is increased if. when water systems are being installed on farms, outside faucets are placed at vantage points on the house and barn. Seldom can a protective stream of water be provided by a gravity system. The great majority of farms must resort to pumping water from wells, springs or streams. The most dependable and economical way of pumping water is by the use of electric pumps. The electricity to operate them can be supplied, from central stations, by rural distribution lines such as the Rural Electrification Administration is financing. Latest figures show that 10.9 per cent of our farms—only one farm in nine- has such electric service. The proportion of farm houses which have running water is almost exactly the same. Of course, running water and safe light, giving a much greater degree of fire protection, are but two of the many benefits which electricity brings to farms. and we say.,,., Best Wishes to the City of Hope and the Municipal Plant on their Rural Electrification Project Temple Cotton Oil Company Revived in 1915 In 1915 William Joseph Simmons (tall, thin-lipped, spectacled) dreamed of a new Klan to take in all sections on credo of "basic Americanism." On October 16, 1915, he and 34 associates signed a petition for a charter Petition was granted. On Thanksgiving night, 1915 Klan gathered under a blazing torch on Stone Mountain, near Atlanta, Ga., and took oath of allegiance to The Invisible Empire, Knights of the Ku £lux Klan. Soon, warnings posted by Clan revealed its presence in many southern communities, and it spread northward. But it wasn't getting anywhere in particular until June, 1920, when Simmons conferred with Edward Young "?larks and Mrs. Elizabeth Tyler, two •hrewd publicity experts who pro- •eeded to "sell" the Klan to the coun- ry. Ten dollars was the initiation ee. The Klan stood on a platform of 100 Jer cent Americanism, white suprema. •y in south, anti-Catholicism, anti- Semitism, purity of womanhood. World Investigates Klan Between June, 1920, and October, 921, Klan grew from an estimated .000 members to 100,000. In this per- od (he New York World made an nvesligation of the Klan, and re- orted these findings for that period: Four killings One mutilation One branding with acid 41 floggings £7 tar-and-feather parties 5 kidnapings 43 individuals warned to leave 14 communities threatened by posters 15 parades of masked men Whether justly or unjustly, a wave ' lawlessness that accompanied Klan'.s growth was associated with the Klun. Congress Acts Again The outcry was so great that another one?' Repudiates Lawlessness After 1925, the Klan declined again. Evans ascribes this to his illness that year. He says that at the height of its power the Klan had 1.500,000 members. He disclaimed responsibility for lawlessness attributed to the Klan. With the passing of the depression, the Klan began to take a new lease on life. Officials at Atlanta headquarters recently said the organization was growing "by leaps." Every state in the union, the Panama Canal zone and Alaska were reported to have their "realms." Canada has a separate Ku Klux Klan. Main things for which organizers say the Klan stands today are: 1. Buy American. 2. Deportation of aliens who hold American jobs "until every American is employed." 3. Eradication of communism and other isms that are enemies of democracy. 4. Better public schools. 5. White supremacy. Says Evans: "We believe in America for Americans and we want to make this country & place of real freedom for its own people. We believe in the right of property and the right of religion and we shall do everything we can to preserve them for Americans against alien deals, manpower and money." Thrid Term Issue Is Raised Also in Texas AUSTIN, Texas.-(/p)_Texas, which never has elected anyone to a third term as governor, may have two third- time candidate in the Democratic primary next summer. Governor James V. Allred so far has declined to squelch talk that he perhaps will seek renomination. Former Governor James E. Ferguson says that his wife, Mrs. Miriam A. "Ma" Ferguson, who was chief executive in 1925-26 and again in 1933-34, possibly could be persuaded to run gaain. Texas chooses its governor every two years. Elisha M. Pease was in office three terms hut. received the third through apopintmenl under martial law in Reconstruction days. Ferguson .sought the Dgmocralic nomination in 1918 after being impeached early in his second term but was overwhelmingly defeated. The Knock of Timu Author: "This is the plot of my story: A midnight scene. Two burglars creep stealhily toward the house. They climb a wall and force open a window and enter the room; the clock strikes one." Sweet Thing (breathlessly): "Which CONGRATULATIONS To The City of Hope And The Rural Communities For Their Splendid Enterprize And Their Assistance In Bringing Prosperity To Us All J. L Williams S ons "Lumbering Along Since 1890'

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