;?>* DedicatxH, at Spring Hill Wednesday, Septembort IT* A CLAUOI STUAUT HAMMOCK ' An export of lit* tbver tehimet thai no buff* the American people omt •/ million* of dollar* yearly* < • No. 29. "Exfrert" Criticism .John Valmnr wanted to write fiction. He worked enthusiastically and pjroduced several stories which he submitted hopefully to various magazines However, as his Collection of rejection slips increased, his enthusiasm waned. T 1 "— ~ ——~~—~ —H^ "John," said his wife one day, Greenbelt, Built by II. S., Is to Operate as No-Profit Town Tugwell's Model Housiftg Venture Becomes Reality Today REAL DREAM TOWN Sanitary, No-Slum* Community Between Washington, Baltimore , This la the tint of three stories on the nation's first federally built • 'j Mid owned town—and one of the 'most debated of all recent government projects. By ALFRED FRIENDLY ,,' NEA Special Correspondent WASHINGTON.—Rextord Guy Tug- Well had a lot of ideas. Some people thought they were good, and some people thought they were very bad indeed, but good or bad, Tugwell had them—and the most hotly debated idea of'them all has just been turned into a reality in the pleasant, spanking-new city of Greenbelt, seven miles out of Washingtonn ear the Baltimore road. .'Greenbelt, in fact, is the idea—the nation's first federally built, pre-plan- ried, non-profit commuity. Two years ago the site of Geenbelt was a dreary waste of sub-marginal lafld, tobaccoed out" by succeeding generations of farmers ever since Lord Baltimore's early colonists put a plow toithe coil. •' The Dream Town , Today Greenbelt is a fair city, complete In every detail, built to endure— arid the embodiment of one of the most revolutionary fcnd challenging exepr- iments ever tried by the United States government. "'"' ' It, includes dwelling units for 885 families, a grade school and a high Softool, a movie theater, a business center, a lake for swimming, fishing and sailing, gardens and goodland, an athletic center, a system of roads and Well-paved streets, a restaurant and a bar, a telephone exchange, a complete sewage and water system—and, most irhpotartn of all, a plan. The plan is for the federal government to own and operate the houses, to bring into them families from Washington and nearby areas, families whose total incomes range between $}000 and $2000 a year. Schools Are Leased The government, through an authority, acts as a rental agent, choosing its tenants, collecting rents, servicing the dwellings, and keeping them in repair. Ut wtll own, forever, all the buildings and land. The business structures it has leased to a co-opera- tiVe corporation, operating on a consistent Rochdale plan. The citizens, in turn, will organize trieir own town government according to the city manager charter which the Maryland legislature granted, the first in the state. ; Homes Not Startling Although Greenbelt is an experiment, as well as a demonstration project, no revolutionary departures have been made in the architecture and physical setup of the town. Some 300 of the 885 dwelling units are in aptrt- ments, of simple modern construction, but with few hitherto untried structural features. Almost all the rest of the units are in serni-detached houses, equally modern, equally non-startling. The dwellings have been constructed with painstaking care and thorough- r.efs. At the end of (0 years, say officials of the Farm Security Administration (successor to the Resettlement AdministKition), the homes will be in just as good condition as they are now. Reserves, set up in a sinking fund, will provide for repairs, and the fund will be indefinitely self-maintaining. Varied building materials were used. Some houses arc brick, others cinder block, others wood frame, with asbestos shinule and mineral wood insulation. Five are prefabricated metal, and admittedly the least pleasing to the eye, although doubtless tiuite as durable as the rest. Plumbing is of copper, kitchen equipment is lasting, and structural details are of the highest grade. Walks Under Streets Tlie entire town is laid out in the shape of a great crescent, in the concave center of which is the business section. The two main roads from the boundaries of the quarter-moon, the houses lying in between, approached by collecting streets. Underpasses under the inner highway enable one to go to the school, business center, and the 20-acre athletic field without crossing the street. Architecturally a n d physically, Greenbelt sufurs no fcriticism, even from its sharpest opponents. While strictly modern, it contains few, if any, unproven innovations. For their dewling uits—equipped with electric stove and refrigerator— Greenbelters pay between $18 and $41 a mojith. This sum includes taxes for the town's upkeep, heat for the houses and heat for water, but the electricity and the wate ritself. Additional payments for the two latter facilities are estimated to run about §4.30 a month for the average family. The average is about §5.90 per room. Lowest rents are for the one and one- half room apartments; highest, the one can't see why your stories don't sel They certainly are better than lots o those I read in the magazine. Tha one you call 'Fisherman's Luck' Is jus grandl" "Vts," replied John, "I think it's good story, oto. But the editors of magazines have turned it downl" "What reasons do they give?" "Oh, editors don't give reasons They don't even stop to give criticsms They're not teachers." "Where Is, that 'Fisherman's Luck story now, John?" "I answered an ad in a magazine— a school of criticism agreed to read the story for $2 and tell me what chance it has in the market. So I sent the story to them." "A school of criticism? . . . Why, there's a letter here from some school! I thought it was just a circular. I'll get it for you." John opened the letter and read few lines. "Listen to this, Mary , We have read your story, "Fisherman's Luck," with great interest. It las a refreshing originality of plot and Ihe conception of the story as a whole is masterly."" Mary was delighted. "Why, John, that's wonderful! What else did they say?" John read on. " 'The story shows a spark, of genius that is exceedingly •are. But it lacks certain simple struc- .ural elements that may be easily sup- jlied, under proper guidance.' " Then they don't tell you what's wrong, or how to correct it?" "No, 1 said John. "But you couldn't expect much for ?2. They do say, hough, that their three months course of instruction would make me a finished writer. I suppose there are a lot of little things that make the story have a professional twist." "And those little things make all the difference between success and failure. How much does this course cost, John?" "The price is $65, cash in advance. That seems a lot of money just now, but I'd make it all back on my first sale. And with the start I have, and their criticism, I'll bet I'd be selling everything I wrote in a month or two!" "Yes—and you might be able to sell all those stories you have on hand, too." Although they could ill afford.the money, they finally decide that John should take the course." The, njgney was sent; and about a week later the story was returned with suggestions for re-writing. "It seemed that the Sequence of the plot needed rearranging After days of work, the story was sent off again. "It ought to please them this time," Said John. "I've done everything they suggested." But again the story came back. This time it lacked proper characterization John studied the various magazines, making careful note of how the characters were presented, and then i wrote the story and sent it off a third time. To John's surprise, the school sent the story back a week later with the notation that the characterization was now so much better than the plot that a better plot outline should be submitted. John persevered, carrying out the instructions to the best of his ability, as the story was returned to him again and again. When, finally, it bore no relation to the original story in plot, characters or incident, and had lost everything that made it even an interesting story, in John's estimation, word came that it was ready for submission to a publisher. John was then informed that the school would sell the story, if possible. The selling fee would bo 50 per cent of the amount received, unless John wished to register for another three PLAN Star Hope Bows tti Louisiana ChamgsjS to 4,000 Jam Local Bright Seorer.tko f dythdowns State Committee FnoTiiM i WvnfHn 4,000 Jam Local Stadium for Byrd High'sFirst Visit Powerful Shreveport Squad Runs Up 20 First Downs to Hope's 13 BRILLIANT BATTLE Bobcats Come Back Valiantly to Score Again in Final Quarter (Continued on Page Two) A Thought God washes the eyes by tears until they can behold the invisible land where tears shall come no more.—H. W. Beccher. By LEONARD ELLIS Byrd High School's powerful Yel- ow Jacket football team, champions f Louisiana seven out of the past nine ine years, defeated a pack of fighting Jobcats before a crowd of some 4,000 pectators here Friday night in a irilling contest, 25 to 14. Paced by Richardson, elusive Byrd alfback, the Shreveport team came rom behind in the second quarter to ut over two touchdowns and from len on held its lead. Scoring touchdowns for the Yellow ackets were Richardson two, Feducia ne and Sweeney, one. Hope's two ouchdowns were scored by Vasco Jright, ace quarterback of the Bob- ats. Hope Scores First Hops got off to a lead in the open- ng quarter, scoring about five minutes after the kickoff when a weak tint- gave'thevjfeHllr to Hope- on the 3yrd SO^yard line. Bright, in two, attempts, went round right end for nine yards. On the. next play he. found a hole in the line and ran to ,-the 15- yard line. Bright and Eason made another first down through the line to place the ball about the one-yard line where Bright went through right tackle and across the line standing up for the first score of the game. W. Parsons kicked goal. After being held scoreless in the first period, Byrd showed a powerful offensive drive that carried the team to two touchdowns in the second quarter, Richardson, halfback, and Feducia, quarterback, making the scores. The half ended with Byrd leading, 12 to 7. Shrevcport put over a touchdown in the third and final quarters. Hope's second marker came late in the fourth period as the result of the most thrilling play of the game. Byrd had punted out of bounds on Hope's 10- yard line. Bright fired a pass to Hugh Reese, Bobcat right end, who got loose on an 85-yard run tlirough the Shreveport team, being downed only a few feet from the Bobcat goal line. On the next play Bright was swnrmed by several Shreveport players and thrown for a 17-yard loss. Bright then attempted a pass to Ramsey, end. On the play a Shreveport player was caught holding and Byrd was penalized 15 yards, placing the ball two yards from the goal line where Bright plunged through for the score. Extra point was made. First downs were 13 for Hope and 20 for Byrd. Hope was penalized once Against Sfifrt^ort 6yrd High (Continued on Page Two) fWMIW WM»*«« UK V V Is Called Tuesday- Election Is Near Announcement of Special , Senate Election Date . Imminent R E C EIV E PETITIONS State Committee to Con- aider Nominations for District Posts LITTLE ROCK.~(/P)-Arkansas' political interest focused Saturday on the meeting here Tuesday of the Democratic State Committee as Governor Bailey's call for a special election to name a successor to the late Senator Joe T, Robinson;kppeared imminent. Secretary Beloit Taylor of the committee announced that the group would consider at .the meeting the making of nominations for district offices to be filled by the'.forthcomihg special election." ' ••....-.,. ..-- : y '.' He added that the committee had received petitions from the committees of several counties of the Ninth judicial circuit, and,tlie Sixth chancery district, to designate Judge Minor Milwee, of DeQueen, and Chancellor A. P. Steel of Ashdown, the respective party nominees. Judge Milwee filed his nominating' petition Saturday. —"Photo by Hope Star Vasco Bright, Hope Quarterback Russian Missing, Wife Held for Disappearance PARIS, France —(/P)— Dark-haired Nadine Plevitskaia was arrested Saturday in connection with the mysterious diesappearance of her husband, General Nicholas Skobline, and a second former Russian army chief, General Eugene de Miller. Spanish Government Is Shelling Rebels' City HENDAYE, Franco-Spanish Frontier —(/P)—Spanish government artillery hurled a terrific bombardment into insurgent Oviedo in northern Spain Saturday. Cotton is cultivated in 19 states of the Union. Interior Views of Homes in Federal No-Profit Town Odered Cancelled Directors of Chicago Board of .Trade Fix Settlement at $ CHICAGO— (if)— The directors of the Chicago Board of Trade invoked emergency powers Saturday to suspend trading in September corn and end the market deadlock between traders in this commodity. The board ordered settlements of all open contracts at ?1.10% a bushel. Bernice Felton Is Indicted by U. S, Acquitted in Brockelhurst Case, Faces Motor Theft Charges LITTLE ROCK. — Bernice Angeline Felton, 18, of Rockford, 111., who was acquitted of complicity in the murder of Victor A. Gates of Little Rock in Lonoke Circuit Court June 24, was indicted for violation of the National Motor Vehicle Theft Act by a federal grand Jury here Friday. Miss Felton was a companion of Lester Brockelhurst, so-called "crim tourist," who was sentenced to death for the slaying of Gates, the same day the FOOT&ALL SCORES High School Little Hock High 7, Muskogee Central High 6. North Little Rock 57, ConWay 0. Catholic High 69, Ashdown 0. North Little Rock 7, Rison 0. Pine Bluff 37, Clarksville 0. Blytheville 65, Piggott 0. Brinkley 26, Marianria 12. Paragould 26, Hoxie 0. Wynne 6, Earle 0. Warren 18, Dumas 0. Jonsboro 19, Hot Springs 0. Malvern 25, Gurdon 0'. Helena 0, Clarendon 0 (tie). McGehee 51, Lonoke 0. Byrd High (Shreveport, La.) 25, Hope 14. Paris 12, Siloam Springs 9. Forrest City 31, Benton 6. Camden 52, Nashville 6. Haynesville (la.) 34, El Dorado 12. Fordyce IS, Dermott 6. Newport 25, Augusta 0. Fayetteville 20, Harrison 0. Morrilton 32, Heber Springs 0. Lake Village 25, Menoit (Miss.) 0. De Queen 20, Horatio 13. Bauxite 26, Sheridan 6. Magnolia 6, Prescott 0. Carlisle 43, Cabot 6. Bearden 32, Monticello 6. Va'n:Buren 46, Alma 0. Murfreesboro 6, Chidestet 6 (tie). Westville 4 (Okla.) 13 t Bentonville 0. Norplet 12, Stephens 7. Fort Smith 0, Heavener (Okla.) 0 (tie,). Forrest City 31, Benton 6. ^Stuttgart 12, Sea^cy 0. Special Session of Congress Is Likely Senator Caraway Thinks President Probably Will Call It LITTLE ROCK.-(/P)—Senator Hattie Caraway said Saturday that, "It now appears the president may call a special session of congress." "When I came home I thought there was no likelihood of a special session," she added. Senator Caraway said many hold that the session is necessary to enact farm legislation, that the president feuls it would shorten the next regular term, and permit members to return home earlier for campaign activities. (Continued on Page Three) Modern homes for 885 families whose incomes range from $10<W to 52000 a year are now open at Greenbelt, the community seven miles from Washington which has just been completed by the Farm Security Administration at a cost of $14.227 000. Here are three gUmpses inside one of the homes, where rents range from $300 to $400 a year-a hpusewlfe in her model kitchen, a tastefully-furnished living room, and a youngster in a typical bedroom. - -...,- girl was acquitted. Evidence at the trials of Brockel- lurst and the Felton girl showed that Gates was slain in his automobile, after he had "picked up" the couple as they walked along the Little Rock- Lonoke highway. The pair drove the car to New York state where they were apprehended by a New York state trooper. Following acquittal of the Felton girl on charges of the murder of Gates, United States District Attorney Fred A. Isgrig filed charges of violation of the Dyer Act against her in United States District Court here. She was released on ?1,500 bond following her arraignment June 26. The girl contended following her arrest and return here to face charges of murder that she knew that the automobile was stolen, but that she had no agreement with Brockelhurst to steal a car. She sad that she did not drive the stolen car across any state line, which is a violation of the Dyer Act. Newlyweds Pay Bill as the Town Dances ST. MARY'S, Ia.-l/P)—No one gets married and settles in this little German-Irish community without treating the whole town to a wedding dance. A general telephone call on all lines leading out from town summons the neighbors to a dance at the town hall in the evening of the wedding day. If such an invitation has not been broadcast within two weeks after the marriage, the townspeople gather for a churiv:iri—and this always brings thu desiic.l results. Cite Rising Costs for Rail Layoffs Thousands Reported Dropped—Demand Increased Rail Rates WASHINGTON -(#)— Major railroads disclosed Friday they are laying off thousands of employes. The move they said, was necessitated by higher operating and maintenance costs. The disclosure was made when executives gathered here for the monthly meeting of directors of the Association of American Railroads, At about the same time the A. A. R. released weekly statistics which showed that cat-loadings from January 1 hrougli September 18 totaled 28,198,399 cars or almost 3,000,000, over the 25,366,300 loaded in the comparable period in 1936. In 1930, which the carriers consider as the year offering the best "average figure" in the last decade, 34,203,038 cars were loaded through September 18. Officials insisted that authough business is improved over 1936, costs have gone up and carriers are losing a substantial part of their proportionate thare to trucks and other forms of transportation. It was said that the New York Central, the Pennsylvania and the Baltimore & Ohio had dismissed more than 20,000 employes since September J. Other officials acknowledged reduced pay rolls, but withheld figures. Part of this reduction was seasonal because 1937 maintenance programs are approaching completion. All said that increased passenger fares and a boost in freight rates are the only solution. The coiisensus was that no definite step would be taken until the petition before the Interstate Commerce Commission for higher rates on selected commodiiies is acted upon. City of Hope to Be Host at Sprin) Hill Wednesday Electric Display at Varioi_ Booths Wednesday ,/!* Afternoon BARBECUE, CONCERT^ These to Be Held Between^ 1 6 and 7 p. m.—jWi Speaking at 7 V •***<. Citizens of Spring Hill and the. City s of Hope were completing arrange- \ ments Saturday for the electric expo- I sition and dedication program to be f, held in the southern Hempstead coun«\1 ty .town-'-Wednesday, September &,*} celebrating the turning on of current?! in' the new rural electrification project. r| The entire county is invited. .,>, Outstanding in the day's events WiU,\ be a free public barbecue, prepared ' by the people of Spring Hill and paid* for by the City of Hope. ^ Arrangements fo i^the barbecue.,,* being made fey Spring Hill's school board With the Baptist and Methodist church women of Spring Hill, who Twill serve the barbecue and other refresh- " ments. , , ^/*' t Electrical Show * """'' Events at Spring Hill Wedneso^ will be opened shortly after noon $ . schoolhouse 'by Hope merchants and state distributors from Little Sock. There will be an open house at the school' during -.the afterrion,. with lecturers for housewives and the public by the sales staffs in charge of the booths. A plat of the school's interior has been prepared, to aid the stores in planning; their booths." ' At 6 p'clock Wednesday night the Hope Boys, Band will arrive at Spring Hill and play until the opening of the formal dedication program at 7 o'clock. Th ebarbecue will-be served just prior to the dedication program, between 6 and 7. The Tentative Program On the tentative speaking program will be: Invocation by the Rev. R. A. Crain of Spring Hill. A history of Spring Hill by one of its own citizens, Frank Hill. Greetings from the City of Hope by Mayor Albert Graves. Speeches by members of the State ' Utilities Commission, Little Rock. Story of electricity, by viisting speakers from the national electric industry, still to be announced. Musical numbers from both Spring rlill and Hope, Co-operating with the City of Hope n Wednesday's celebration are the Spring Hill school board: , E. E. Phillips, President; R. A.-Johnson, secretary; J. A. Smith, W. E. Monroes and Rufus Anderson. i If the earth were thrown out of the universe, its going would have no noticeable effect on anything in the sky, except the moon, which would l;c clrasic.l iiloiv; with it. Employment Group to Meet in Hope Daily Conferences Jlere This Coming Week on Re-employment A scries of public relations meetings will be held next week under the auspices of the Hope office of the National Scemploymeiit Service to discuss sub- ectl,relating to the purposes and operation of the Service, according to an announcement Saturday by G. T. "Iross, manager. Among the subjects to be covered n the series are: Background and Jbjectivcs of the Employment Service, nterviewing, Research Work of the Department of Labor. Maintenance of Contacts with Applicants, Employer Contacts, the Wagner-Peyser Act, Elate jabor Laws, etc. The meetings will be held in the lope office of the Employment Service each alfernoon from 4 to 6 o'clock, beginning Monday and concluding with the Friday afternoon session. The discussions will be of particular in- erest to those who expect to take the nerit examinations for positions in the impioyment Service scheduled for October 8 and 9 in Arkansas. Cotton NEW ORLEANS.-!.?-!--October cotton opened Saturday at 8.23 and closed at 8.35 bid. Sprt cotton closed .steady five point;, jp, middling S.jti.
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