Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on July 28, 1934 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

Hope, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Saturday, July 28, 1934
Page 1
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Thts nftwapapw produced under divisions A-2 «t A-5 M Graphic Arti Code. Star WKA'ffiEB ArkMwas-Oncrally fair (o| partly cloudy with mild te peratures Saturday night and|| Sunday. VOLUME 35—NUMBER 246 (AP) —MrntiH Aftnovlntril Trt-sn (M-'.A)—MI-IUIN !N - <Mv*|i<i|>rr ICntrrprlxp A«n'n HOPE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, JULY 28, 1934 V<nr of Hope foi.ndcit 1H1)0| Hope 11 nitT Prenir, 1927) Cojmollilntrd nn Hope Slnr, Jnnnnry 18 t 1020. PRICE 6c COPY • i. ' -' "-"> IRVIN BURNS SHOT TO DEATH Here and There -Editorial By ALEX. H. WASHBUEN- UDITOH THE STAR: I have answered "No" to your coupon LJ on Recovery. I am not knocking the administration. I am for it. But I have answered truthfully the questions. No. 1 Food is higher; It costs more to feed a family now than a year ago. A 24-pound sack of flour that I bought at f>5 cents is now ?1. Dry sail meat was 7>£ cents, is now 13 cents. I figure other things accordingly. No. 2 (Are your debts less burdensome?) I am not able to pay at all. No. 3 (Is your bank account more secure?) None. No. 4 (Are your working conditions better?) No. Wages have been reduced lo Ihe NRA (I am for il). I was Betting $15 per week before the NRA. After hours were reduced it cut my salary to $12, recently raised to $13.20. Besides the loss in salary I lost $18 per month pcnion. No. 5 (Is your faith in your individual future more firmly grounded?) At present I can see no brighter future. No. fi. (Have you lost nny of your rights or liberty or constitutional freedom of action or choice?) No, I still maintain my private privileges. —_-—..—.—1.1,, i _ i._. ——-.......—...—..— "•.——^ Reporters Serve Fifth Day in Jail for Defying Judge Kentuckians Refuse to Tell Who Gave "Tip" on Effigy Story BEST MAN~TO WIN Stratosphere Hop Is Begun Saturday World's Largest Balloon Aims at Record_15 Miles Three Officers Aboard as It Climbs Quickly to 8-Mile Level Looks Like an Endurance Contest, Says Elderly Police Judge DANVILLE. Ky.— (/I 1 ) -An elderly police court judge and two young reporters continued their "endurance contest" here Friday. Every tiny .since Monday police Judge Harlan has sent the pair, Jack Durham and Wesley Carty, each 23, to jail or has fined them (or refusing to answer a question. Each daily refusal to answer has meant a new charge of cnhtrmpt. For the judge it meant upholding the principle thai a court can compel witnesses to answer competent questions. For the two reporters to give in would be violating their ideals of the newspaper profession. The pair learned in advance that Representative J. Slerling Towlcs WHS to be hanged in effigy hero July IS for voting lor the state saics tax. When questioned on the stand last Saturday at an inquiry into the affair they declined to say where they got the information. Judge Ilarlan gave them until Monday to decide. M'hfiy refused. He^tmed them $10 each and "tbltI'Hietn 1 "fcrcoirie ':jback Tuesday. They came and got i' three hours each in jail. Wednesday they served six hours. Thursday six hours and paid fines of ?3 each. "If this is an endurance contest boys, I can stand it,' 'tho judge told them. Refuse to Yield "We can not violate a confidence." they replied. Friday the reporters appeared with a lawyer, Sanders E. Clay, who submitted a plea that for them to reveal the information desired not only would be a "breach of newspaper confidence," but also might "possibly incriminate' 'them under a statue making it an offense to circulate slanderous statements. That plea referred to derogatory remarks about Representative Towels that appeared on a card fastened to his effigy. They went back to jail to serve another six hours after Judge Harlan overruled their attorney's contention. Clay agreed with the court that the reporters could not claim exemptions on the ground they were newspapermen, even though they felt honor bound not to testify. They were ordered to appear before the court again at 4 Saturday afternon. "I'm not satisfied that a burning in effigy constitutes a breach of the peace," Clay said He said the placard pinned on the effigy was slanderous, and that. Durham and Carty would incriminate themselves by testimony. "That." replied Judge Harlan, "is a question for I he court, not the witnesses, to decide. Turning to the reporters the judge iaid, "It seems to have got down to a fight between this court and the newspapers. My duty as a sworn official is to uphold the authority of this court. I intend to do that. If I am in rror the way is easily open to find it out .either through habeas corpus proceedings or on a writ of prohibition." City Attorney Chenault Huguely argued that. Carty and Durham did nothing more than receive information that there was to he a burning in effigy in the courthouse yard and that Ihnre WHS nothing to show they communicated inflammatory matter to anyone. He contended that the reporters would he innocent under the gossip statute. Upheld by Wife. Carty's wife, an attractive blue-eyed blonde, was a spectator. ''What will you do if your husband tells where he got his information?" she was aikcd. "If he does I'll divorce him," she responded. Judge Harlan (hen suggested that the reporters take an appeal, filing a petition for habeas corpus in the circuit, couit. This they declined and told ft lends on the Danvile Advocate tlhey would "slick it. out. all summer if necessary." \ Judge Harlan. a third cousin of the Vile John Maynard Harlan, who served on the United States Supreme Couit fcr 34 years, said he did not consider the case an issue between him and newspapermen, for whom ht SHOULD CRUISE DAY Descent Expected Late Saturday — 3 Planes to Watch Landing CHICAGO— (/P)— Major Kepner re| ported by radio Saturday afternoon • that the stratosphere balloon hac I reached a height of 40,200 feet and - - _ . | had leveled off there. That is the best way I can explain | His pos jti on shortly after noon was my reason for answering as I have. givcn as 2 Q miles south of Ainsworth Nebr. The XXX But now that you have my answer, please read this: Don't you think things are one- sided? I get 33 cents an hour for semiskilled labor while other workers get from $1 and more. I pay the same rent or about the same. I feed and clothe three boys and send two of them to school. I have never been arrested. I have been in 33 stales. I believe I have nor. mal intelligence. I was acting commissary stcwarl in the Navy for a crew of 120 men on a torpedo boat, the b'. S. S. PauJ Jones, at a salary of 572 per month, board and medical attention, during the war. , I am not kicking the government. I believe it will do all it can, but Quickly Reach 8-Mile Height stratosphere temperature was reported to be, 58 degrees below zero i ____ , _____ They Take Off. RAPID CITY, S. D. — (IP) — The world's largest balloon, with three intrepid airmen in its huge meta gondola, took off at 5:45 a. m. Saturday Mountain Time (G:45 a. in. Hope) for its daring flight into the stratosphere. The craft moved straight upward, clearing, the walls of the natural bowl in about one minute. The takeoff was entirely successful, and the balloon moved out toward the northeast. Major William Kepner was on top of the gondola as it moved out. Later , . , . , . , » II' V' I Kltli<JIJUVJi«UOHilHWVH*V«»" *•»»•••" our civic leaders and industry should hc joine(J Captain A [ bert stcve ns and do their part. I Captain Orvil Anderson inside the I believe we have the best form of •, conf j o j., Rovernnwnt uj.tho world. AAV owe has! A ^ mimU(is after the takeofl the to do is wrtMKe" papers and see for , radj()ed ^ eve thi was okeh himself. I am for America first and , from nn alutu(]e of 7i400 feet> and always. . . i soared higher and higher. Now thai is about all, except wish, ^ b the SNational G eo- someone would please explain how a , ^ ^ mA ^ United Statcs man can feed and clothe a family of j expedilion aim- f,ve, send two boys to school pay , * ncw P • J R Q{ lg miles house rent, water, light, gas and doctor bills, medicine, insurance and taxes on the above salary. R. H. WALKER July 28, 1934 Hope, Arkansas XXX I thank Mr. Walker for his straighl- forward leller. to study condilions in Ihe unmapped regions above the clouds. A crowd of 30,000 cheered as the 14,000-pound craft, resembling a gigantic exclamation point, left the bowl. Three airplanes followed the balloon and will atlempl lo be on hand lain no Doctor of Economics, but j whc nit descends, probably late Sal- there is a rule of common sense thai i llrcla y afternoon. even the Doctors of Economics bow down to. You can not squander savings without finding yourself in want. Twenty years ago the world went on a "bender," and today the world's trade is suffering from the lost purchasing power that was blown to bits in a 200-billion-dollar war. You can not pyramid profits without suffering a terrible financial headache. Ten years ago the United States went into a vast inflation of RAPID CITY, S. D. (/?)— Two fliers Friday night prepared to take off Saturday on a long-awaited flight into the mysterious stratosphere. Culminating more than six weeks of preparation, Major William E. Kepner. announced that the historic flight, the seventh of its kind in his- tcry, would begin unless unfavorable weather develops. Accompanied by Capt. Albert W. Stevens as scientific observer, Major A trial balloon flight to study air conditions was made before Maj. W. E. Kepner and Cnpt. A. W. Stevens started their stratosphere flight from South Dakota. Capt. O. A. Anderson, left, and Kepner are shown here In (hc basket of the small craft they used in the test, In the natural bowl near Rapid City. The basket was replaced by the famous air-tight bowl-like gondola before the actual flight began Saturday. City Rally Is Put Off to Saturday Hope Political Rally Next Saturday on Baptist Church Lawn stocks and bonds, fixing an arbitrary j Kepner plans to pilot the huge free valuation for the factories of America j balloon, the largest in the world, at on which management must earn a : least 15 miles into the upper air. More profit. The valuation proved too than a ton of delicate instruments will high. Management couldn't handle ; be carried aloft in an effort to gather it. Alarm became panic. Panic be- ; knowledge of the little-known upper came bankruptcy. I suspect the greatest gift President Roosevelt has made to the Amer- , _ ... Scan people is an intangible gift- ' craft. Special tubes were laid out to A trained crew of 120 men from Fort ' Meade began inflation of the huge sky the resolve to start building again from the ground up, and the confidence that this is a task the American people are always equal to. I am not so sure that the present Recovery movement has in the short run accomplished anything more than that. I am not so sure any government can do more than that. Government points the way, but it is (Continued on Page Three) FLAPPER FANNY SAYS: BEG. t S. PAT. Of F. (Continued on Pag>-' Three) care s. ra.p lor girls r Knocking. ' pipe 200,000 cubic feet of compressed hydrogen into the balloon. A gusty wind was dipping down the natural bowl in the Black Hills, 11 miles west of her from where the flight will start as the inflation was started, but officials said they believed the work could be successfully car- lied out. Three men instead of two will take part in the flight, its sponsors announced tonight. Captain Orville A. Anderson, alternate pilot will ride in the metal gondola with Major Kepner and Captain Stevens. Luke Lea, Jr. 5 Get Parole on Illness 26-Year-Old Prisoner Suffering From Tumorous Growth '• RALEIGH, N. C.-(/P)— Luke Le Jr.. 26. of Nashville, Term., whosi conviction in 1931 of conspiracy to ; violate the North Carolina bank reg : ulations brought him to slate prison. I Friday received a parole from Gov. ernor Ehringhaus, effective Saturday, i He entered prison with his father, i Luke Lea Sr., former United States 1 S':n-jtor, May 10. Both were convicted of financial manipulations that preceded failure of the Central Bank and Trust Company of Asheville. Some months ago the younger Lea suffered from a tumorous growth • which necessitated radium treatment, I and he will return to New York for iwthc-r A political rally for county and dist. rict candidates, scheduled for next Friday night at Hope city hall, has been posponed until Saturday night. Candidates will speak from the lawn of First Baptist church. Loud speakers vill be set up to convey their messages to the voters. The original date was moved up in order not to interefere with a stage play, "College Matrimony," scheduled 'or Friday night in the city hall auditorium. W. S. Atkins, candidate for congress irom the Seventh congressional district, wil speak at Patmos nert Tuesday night, it was announced here Sat- jrday. Johnson May Take Greif Case on Air NRA- Chief Determined to Push Case Against Baltimore Firm M. Becky Suffers Stroke Apoplexy Auto Yard Proprieto Found Saturday in Dazed Condition M. Becky was found early Saturda in a dazed condition at his automo bile junk-yard just west of the cit on Highway 67. ' He was taken to Josephine hospita where physicians described his cond tion as serious. He is apparently suffering from a light stroke of apoplexy. Becky had wounds about the head and arms, officrs at first theorizing that he had been attacked in an attempted robbery. After an investigation this theory was discounted, however. Physicians said that Becky apparently had received the wounds is a fall. taly Pours New Troops Northward to Austrian Line iecond Wave Thrown Up to Support First Army of 48,000 Men .USTRIA~WAVERING urovernment Claims Victory—But Nazis Are Reported Rallying By the Associated Press A second wav of Italian troops strat- ed northward .Saturday to support 8,000 men now concentrated on the Austrian border, the .Associated Press earned at Rome. Meanwhile the Auslrian govern- nent's forces smashed the fighting sfazis over the Yugo-Slavian border n Styria, but Nazi leaders declared £ their forces in Carinthia can hold heir own until Saturday night there will be an new putsch in Styria. In Vienna thousands of mourner; 'led past the bier of the slain chancellor, Englebert Dollfuss, whose murder Wednesday was the signal for a fazi putsch. Bulletins TUCKER FARM, Ark.— (fi>) — Seven convicts were Injured, three seriously, when a 2,000-gallon water tank collapsed and fell on the kitchen In which a dozen convicts were preparing dinner for Camp No. 3 Saturday. When the structure started to fall a yard man shouted a warning and several men cleared the building before the crash. The injured: A. ' 3. Palmer, Crittcnden county; Michel Bart ell, Cralghcad; Matthew Hufford, Randolph; Eddie Delozicr, Union. Superintendent Todhunt- cr laid the collapse to faulty construction. DALLAS, Texas.—(/P)—A deluge of voters poured into the ballot boxes Saturday In the Democratic primary election. Scattered returns showed James V. Allred, C. C. McDonald, Tom Hunter and Clint Small running a close race for the governorship. Senator Tom Connelly Is leading his opponcn.t Joseph Weldon Bailey, in the fight for the senate post on the face of early returns. M. Hawthorne Is Held in Shooting Over Old Quarrel Burns, Wounded Late Friday at the Hawthorne Home, Dies Here DISPUTE OVER LAND B r o t h e r-in-Law Claims Burns Reached in Bosom for Pistol Italy May Intervene ROME, Italy — (£>)— A stronger I- Lalian position, calling for an intervention in Austria if the internal situation justified such action, was revealed Friday by a government spokesman. Heretofore the government has been represented as ready to move into Austria—on" whose borders 48,000 troops are concentrated—in the event independence of that nation was threatened from the outside; Friday, with report of 'severe fighting in Carinthia province reaching Rome, the spokesman said that if action is required, there will be no necessity for delay for any diplomatic protest. The troops will simply move into the country, when such action is regarded as necessary, the spokesman indicated. , ' The move, he continued, will be rapid and decisive, just as soon as it becomes apparent that the Austrian government cannot control the situation. If Austria is able to settle the present difficulty without outside help Italy will consider what steps should be taken to guarantee that country against further terrorism, it was indicated. Revelation of the attitude came after Premier Mussolini had conferret with Fulvio Suvich, under secretary o: foreign affairs. The appointment of Franz Von Papen as German minister to Austria was said to have failed to create either a favorable or unfavorable reaction with the premier. While the 48,000 soldiers on the border were ready to move at any time newspapers spoke of intervention an< declared that every Italian is behind AGUA CALIENTE, Mexico —(/P)K the facts justify, the government will use its powers to prevent 'L Gvift & Bros., Baltimore clothing manufacturers from using the Blue Eagle label in its garments, Gen. Hugh S. Johnson, NRA head, said Friday. A district court judge at Baltimore Monday sustained an order restraining NRA officials from lifting the Blue Eagle insigna from the concern. General Johnson, on vacation here, talked by telephone with Washington this morning for more than an hour before making his statement. "In the first place I don't believe the federal court has the power to cnjcin the NRA from lifting the Blue Eagle." hcsaid. "The emblem is the properly of the government, is copy- lighted and the government has full control. "But if through some technicality the fiim does retain the Blue Eagle against our wishes, and I find the tacts justify drastic action, I will S° en the air and tell the people of the United States the facts and the reason why the Blue Eagle was lifted. "I cannot say that I am familiar with all the facts at this distance but I do (Continued ou Page Three) Church Play to Be Staged on Friday 'College Matrimony' With Local Cast at Hope City Hall The title role of the comedy, "College Matrimony" to be given next Friday night at city hall auditorium, has been awarded to Geneva Higgason who is one of the many local amateur theatrical folk to be presented in the play. The three-act play is being staged under auspices of the Christiian Endeavor of First Christian church. Miss Opal Copeland of Arkadelphia, is director. Fern Garner plays the role of £ freshman and the most popular gir in college. Mrs. Frank R.ussell assumes the pait of domineering dear of women. Harriet Pritchard and Jewell Garrett play the parts of pretty co-eds. Dale Carlton is cast as the college sheik. Hendrix Spraggins portrays a "cullud" janitor, and Inez Taylor a high brown negro maid. Josephine Morris plays the part of the most stu- Jicu3 girl, and Merlin Coop, a country boy majoring in science. In addition to this array of Hope talent .there will be several numbers given by young ladies and girls of the town, dressed in attractive costumes. Approximately 75 persons are cost in the prcducticn. Miss Harriett j Story is acconipiuiiit for the choruses. Mussolini. Anxiety of the public rose with the Murder charges were filed Saturday against Malin Hawthorne for the fatal shooting of Irvin Burns, 23, near the Hawthorne home, 10 miles south o£ here Friday afternoon. Renewal of a family row which had been brewing for more than a year over a land title, led to the shoot, ing, officers said. Burns, wounded with shotgun pellets in both legs and the lower abdomen, died late Friday night in Julia Chester hospital. He made no statement to officer^ before his death other than to say there had been trouble with Hawthorne, his brother-in-law. The shooting occured in a pasture near the Hawthorne home. Burns had attended a political speaking at Spring Hill, later going to the Hawthorne home, quarreled with Hawthorne's' wife, and was leaving when Hawthorne appeared on the scene from a hunting trip. At sight of Hawthorne it is said that Burns approached him with his hand in his bosom, presumably reaching for a pistol. Hawthorne said he ordered Burns to remove his 1 hand from his shirt, which he did. Burns kept advancing according tt>, Hawthorne and then reached into his bosom for the second time. Hawthorne leveled a single barrel shotgun and fired. Burns dropped to. the ground, Hawthorne, said he reloa'S.ecl the gun and called for he'ip. ,•'" ' A Hope Furniture company ambu- crops were aided. Cotton, suffering less than other crops from lack of moisture, was materially helped. The rainfall brought lowering temperatures, relieving the populace from a heat-wave that has brought suffering for the last three weeks. The arinfall Saturday was not sufficient to put growing crops in the best of condition, however. Rain Is General LITTLE ROCK. —Widely separated sections of Arkansas Friday reported rainfall varying from showers in the central, southern and southeastern portions to much heavier rains in the Deputy Sheriff "Allen Shipp invest!- • gated and said that he: found no pistol that Burns presumably had in his shirt. "When I investigated the shooting, I found Hawthorne sitting on the front porch of the L. C. Belts home, about a mile from where the shooting occurred. Hawthorne was sitting there alone with a loaded shotgun across his lap. I presume that he had gone to the Belts home to surrender as Mr. Setts is a deputy sheriff. Hawthorne Surrenders "I asked Hawthorne if there had been trouble. He replied: 'Nothing uui nvjiio \.\j iiiu\,u iica v *\-i * u»»».j **» »,»»•- northwest counties where crops have j much. He appeared to be composed been most seriously damaged by drouth. Although only a trace of rain was recorded by the Weather Bureau at Little Rock from 12:15 to 12:30 p. m., showers were reported from Nashville, sub of the peach orchard district in southwest Arkansas, and heavier rains were reported at Rogers, Bentonville and Fayetteville in the fruit growing section of the northwest part of the state. The trace at Little Rock and show- •ers in the vicinity brought the tem- publication of accounts of the fierce ighting in the bordtr province of Car- nthia between the Nazis and the Aus- :rian Heimwehr. However it was denied offically tonight that Italian troops had crossed the border into Austria, the statement saying that such reports were 'utterly without foundation." "There has been no movement whatever cf the nature described," said a Foreign Off/.ce offical. "Not a single Italian soldter has crossed the border either intentionally or by error." By the Associated Press Hundreds of men were killed and wounded as the Nazi civil war continued in Austria, bring the casualty list near to 3,000. International aspects of the situation became more serious as an Italian spokesman said his government would move troops across the border if the internal situation justifies such action. An Italian Foreign Office official denied reports that the forces of his country already were invading Austria. The report had reached Belgrade and had resulted in a statement there that if such a thing had happentd, Yugoslavia would have no choice but to mobilize her army. Franz von Papen prepared to go to Austria as special minister from Germany. Chancellor Hitler stressed his detachment from Austrian (internal affairs perature down from 94 at 11 a. m., the highest of the day, to 84 at 1 p. m., and the forecast of partly cloudy weather promised continued low temperatures today. Above 95 Since July 12 Friday was the first day since July 12 that the maximum temperature at Little Rock has not been above 95 degrees. The Rock Island Lines reported lighl showers at Camden, Fordyce and El Dorado and threatening weather at Brinkley and Booneville. Officials of the Missouri Pacific Lines, who Thursday reported showers south to Benton and norlh to Poplar Bluff, Mo., last night reported rain at Texarkana and at Nashville. and county, and thundershowers occurred north and north- wesl of Lillle Rock. Precipitation at Texarkana amounted to .82 of an inch, but it apparently and surrendered amicably. He talked little of the shooting on the trip to jail, other than to say he didn't think he should be locked up, claiming he shot in self-defense." Funeral .services for Burns were held Saturday afternoon at 2 o'clock at Old Sardis cemetery south of Hope. Burns had been married three times. His present wife and the other two are living. Burns was first married when 15 years old. Twins were born. Four other children were born by the last two wives. He is also survived by his mother and father, and several brothers. Trace Robbery to Baby-Face Nelson Dillinger Aide Believed Leader in Kentucky Bank Raid HENDERSON, Ky.—(#•)—Belief that George (Baby Face) Nelson drove the- automobile in which four bandits fled from Henderson after robbing the. and Trust Company of was expressed Friday by Dei partment of Justice agents and local J officers. 1 Employes cf the bank and the op: erator of a filling station where one was limited to the city. Neither Bowie , county. Texas, nor Miller county re- i ceived much rain, although Cass county, Texas had a fair rain and heavier showers were reported in i sections of Sevier county. The rain at! Texarkana was accompanied by brief electrical storm. Dillinger Doctor Put Under Arrest of the robbers purchased a tire viewed photographs of Nelson Friday and told the investigating officers that the pictures resembled one of the men I in the holdup Thursday. Friday night the search fcr the banal dits turned to Adair county, after the ! automobile used by the bandits was j discovered abandoned near Henderson Friday and found to be the prop] erty of John R. Foxx. Chicago. Markets Austrian^Nazis, who have been ref- : Polly Hamilton Keele Held ugces in Germany, were reported "demobilizing" in Munich after Hitler was understood to have prevented their moving into Austria. Italy indicated that if movements into Austria is considered necessary there will be no delay for diplomatic representation. Chaos prevailed in some parts of AustriaAustria as civil war and hunger riots spread. Vienna had the appearance of a besieged city as huu- (Coutiiiued on. Page Three) to Protect Her From Vengeance CHICAGO Friday held three' key figures in the Dillinger case and the agents were j seeking the outlaw's colleagues in crime. Federal agents admitted late in the day that 'they had taken taken Polly Hamilton Keele, the last sweetheart of (.Coutiuuud on Fa.jje Thrc-c) Hens, Leghorn breeds, Ib.. Broilers, per Ib Kocsters, p«r Ib Eggs, candled, per doz 21-Day Drouth Is Broken in County Two-Tenths Inch of Rainfall Reported in Hope • Saturday A 21-day drouth in Hempstead county, was broken early Saturday with .2 of inch of rainfall, figures released 'rorn the Fruit and Truck Branh Experiment Stalion showed. . _. . - v , v The rainfall was believed to be gen- I lance brought Burns to Julia Chester t , Cotton ranged steady in trading Saturday, opening price quotations for New York October staple was 12.85. The price moved up to a high of 12.9-1, dropped one point and closed at ^Ihe government! 1 ? 93 ' U P 3j > ce » ts frora ^ P rev ' ous * . . • /*! -\' f* clo^ December closed at 13.04, January at 13.OS, and March at 13.29-30. Little Rock Produce Hens, heavy breeds, Ib 7 to 8c 6 to 7c 10 to 13c , 3 to -ie 14 to 16c

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