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Journal and Courier from Lafayette, Indiana • 1

Lafayette, Indiana
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i AL EDITION i 4 THE JOURNAL' (ESTABLISHED 1829 THE COURIER ESTABLISHED 1831 tl of reedom ly Over All West ronts i 1 "yrlj I Xi Allied lags TRUMAN DESIGNATES SUNDAY 1 MX ruins of was not days ago (Turn to Page 15 Col 4) 5 they THE WEATHER said Sgt Rob South Wayne orecast for Indiana: Partly cloudy today clear tonight and Wednesday cooler today and to night too at San 16 PAGES THREE CENTS SOLEMN GLORIOUS HOUR is a solemn but a glorious he declared' Eis enhower 'informs Tne that the forces of Germany have surren dered to united nations The flags of freedom fly over all Europe this victory we join in of fering our thanks the provi dence which has guided and sus tained us through the dark days of adversity" TITANIC STRUGGLE ENDS Thus was brought to a close the titanic struggle which cost Ameri can armed forces 132000 lives and 'more than 550000 other cas ualties In three years four months and seven days of fighting against the axis in the European and Mediterranean theaters Mr Truman made it clear that this nation's fight fagalnst aggres sion was not over that the effort will not cease until the Japanese military and naval forces lay down their arms as Germany has done At the same time Mr Truman gave' his assurance that uncondi tional surrender not' mean the or inslavement of the Japanese i 'It' means for them "'he said the end of the war the termination of 'the' influence Of lead ers have 'brought Japan to the present brink of The president called upon every American7 stick to his post 'LONDON May In formed circles in London paid particular attention today to the passage in Prime Minister Winston victory message tn which he said that we shall particular tribute to our Russian These quarters interpreted this statement to mean that the sov iets will celebrate day tomor row after the surrender agree ments have' been signed sealed and Increased Blows 'i NEW YORK May Generalissimo Chiang a i Shek hailed allied victory in Europe to day and declared whole weight of 'humanity will now come down upon The Blue network quoted the Chinese leader as saying that the Chinese people share the pressible which news of European victory brings hat saddens us though" Chiang added to find that President Roosevelt who did' so much for the liberation of Europe Uno longer with usto witness the victory his ideals and leadership are certain to inspire allied forces to continue the fight until the task and responsibility of the Unit ed Nations is Chiang 'appealed for a swift deadly blow against Japan that would bring that 'nation to Its knees swiftly as (defeat) has come to ipin Lovihg People Triumph INDIANAPOLIS' May (UP) Nationhl Commander Edward Scheiberling said that again free men and freedom lovihg peo ple have triumphed in the blood and death of Europe" in a state ment issued today by American legion national headquarters Scheiberling who is in San ran cisco attending the United Nations perfce conference warned of the danger of organizations and indi viduals who sought a soft peace ana urged that the war against Japan be fought to a victorious conclusion of the Ajnerican legion and auxiliary join with all Ameri cans in cur expression of gratitude to AlmightyiGod for bringing the struggle In Europe to a victorious he said Mrs Charles Gilbert Nor wich Conn national president of the American legion auxiliary said in another statement issued from i the war In Europe at a definte end we must strengthen our determination' that our efforts shall go forward Without interrup tion to accomplish the defeat of Japan We need prayers 7 not re 4 Royal Salute LONDON May royal family flushed and beaming in their day of victory took the salute of re joicing populace today King George Queen Elizabeth Princess Elizabeth' and Princess Margaret Rose appealed together on the balcony 'of Buckingham palace at 3:11 Tn They stood for three minutes waving and smiling at a crowd of thousands before the palace gates past few weeks had indicated def initely that the nazis were com pletely defeated and that the offi cial day was only a matterof days or hours People of the world had been prepared for the event Nevertheless there? was thanks giving and joy in the hearts of everyone The war is i not ended but there was realization that but one war remains instead (of the former two HERALD NEWS lags were flying proudly Tues day from noj only public places but also from stores factories rand homes They were proclaiming vic tory on the one hands and a renewed challenge to Japan the aggressor of the ar East to the effect that now the European war is ended the full fury of the United destruction will be upon the Empire of the Rising Sun thus speeding the day of final victory Sirens of fire stations were sounded and bells of some churches were rupg to herald President official day proclamation at 8' Tuesday morning All taverns closed at 8 Tuesday morning 'not to reopen until 8 Wednesday 1 LIE AS USUAL In conformance with previously made plans life went on much as usual in Lafayette despite the great import of the zdayia events Stores and offices remained open war work continued in' factories A part holiday was enjoyed by pupils of city schools In other respects most people fol lowed their routine pursuits However special recognition was given in a number of ways prin Ref iise Recognition LONDON May The government! of Switzerland has decided to the' new German government of Admiral Karl Doenltz the Swiss radio said today German consulates throughout Switzerland and the German lega tion will be closed BREAK 4 OR PRISONERS CHICAGO May' Chief Justice! Edward of the Chicago municipal courts today ordered the of all persons arrested yesterday for disorderly conduct in pre mature celebration of 'Day Action LONDON May The Swedish radio tonight reported arrival of allied delegates in Oslo to receive uncondition al surrender Pope Will Speak VATICAN CITY May 8 (AP) Pius will over the Vatican radio at noon tomor row Rome time (5 a Central War Time) CHURCHILL ANNOUNCES ULL VICTORY BY LAND SEA AIR ORDERS SENT GERMAN LEET All Ships Under Surrender Must Report4 to Closest Allied Ports LONDON May The British' admiralty revealed today that ships of the German 'fleet had been ordered under the sur render terms to report their posi tion to the nearest allied radio sta tion1 'J Such German ships would then be directed to the closest allied ports said the admiralty where they would' remainH pending rtfaer directions German warships" jdr atmed merchantmen in rportrur at sea were ordered to train all their weapons fore 'and aft remove all breech blocks unload all torpedo tubes and land all ammunition as soon as they port if they are at sea A I Controlled minefields 4n ports and' harbors are to be ineffective the admiralty 'disclosed and all navy personnel are to re main aboard ships or in their bar racks until they are directed other wise' 5 A 7 Ships in harbor are to remain there or if at Seagate to proceed to the nearest port' Submarines at sea were ordered to surface im mediately flying the black flag and to report their position to the nearest allied radio station They will receive their instructions by radio where to' proceed (Turn to Page Col 1) Defeated Nazis Marching Home COPENHAGEN vDeiimark May (AP) Nearly 300 000vGerman troops today1 started the home ward march from all Denmark in miles long 'columns along the main: roads The Germans transported their luggage on wheel barrows per ambulators and other makeshift vehicles' Before their departure burned official papers and blew up all hand grenades' All their weapons are being left at the border 7 Hoosier Praised INDIANAPOLISMay XINS) Governor Ralph Gates sent a cablegram to Lieut Gen sWalter Bedell Smith of Indianapolis to gratulating him on receiving the officlal surrender of the Ger man 'The cablegramzsaid: this hour of sober triumph all Indiana extends grateful ap preciation for your superb services to the nation Your historic rec ord accords honor and distinction worthy greatest war time Through you all Indiana pays homage to the great leader Gen Dwight Eisen Yanks to ly Home LONDON May Head quarters of the United States air force in Europe a revealed today that American soldiers wilLi be flown back to the United States on a huge scale during the next few months A total of 300' per cent more four engined craft than have been used in "such traffic is" needed to handle the 60000 troops monthly which it is hoped can be moved by air Reveal Casualties WASHINGTON May (INS)' The war department revealed today that army casualties in the war against Germany un to the end of March totalled 732270 These consisted of 139498 killed 467408 wounded 72374 missing and 52990 prisoners The figures do include all men taken prisoner by the Ger mans but many of the missing were in fact prisoners sub sequently have been liberated A Warning Ignored DETROIT May De spite all warnings that still is approximately 50000 war workers left their machines today following the proclamation Of day orty per cent of 4 the workers at the ord Lincoln plant walked out as an employe tooting a trum pet acted as Piper and led them out of the plant gates CITY RECEIVES VICTORY NEWS IN REAL THANKSGIVING SPIRIT Churches and Schools Play Leading Role in Observance of Day Purdue Has Evening' Assemblies Called for Worship lags ly Proudly Official announcement that th'e war had ended' in Europe and proclaiming day was received without excitement Tuesday in Greater I fayette Wild excitement and exultation usually come with news of such great1 import but which has a surprise element? This feature was absent Tuesday because events of Monday and' of the MOSCOW RADIO GOES ERRATIC No Indication Russia Cele brating Day Long Aft er Two Chiefs Speak BULLETIN LONDON4 May Mar shal Stalin announced tonight in an order of the day that the red army has captured Olmuetz big Czechoslovak defense base LONDON May 8 More than an hour after the official time set 'announcing Ger capitulation in the three allied capitals the Moscow radio today had made no mention of the surrender and there was no indi cation that the' Russians were celebrating sAt 9 a tn EWT when Primo Minister Churchill and President Truman were' broadcasting the) news to their peoples and the a world the Moscow radio was dally (CBS in New York reported that the Moscow radio's short Xvave' transmitters been acting pe for some time The net work said that all transmitters left the air 30 seconds before 9 a EWT when a statement from 'Premier Marshal Joseph Stalin annouficlng' day was expected 4 1 transmitters returned to the air CBS said at 9:20 a EWT with a broadcast directed at Germany which warned Ger mans that they must all nazis to the occupational (There was no indication the network said that Stalin had spoken or that day was being' celebrated in the soviet union) Any German troops stiu yresisi ing after the goes into full effect at 6:01 will be re garded as outlaws deprived of pro tection under the rules of war fare and subject to savage attack from all quarters BIG BEN CHIMES broadcast was pre ceded by the chimes of Big Ben He perfunctorily recounted details of the German surrender and then let his voice rise as he said: German war is therefore at an At conclusion of his brief ad dress buglers of the Scots guard sounded the cease fire call and an orchestra played Save The In his eagerly awaited broadcast the prime minister announced that the surrender agreement will be ratified and confirmed in Berlin today Previously German Grand Ad miral Karl Doenitz had broadcast announcement from lensburg that the order to all Ger man forces would become effec tive at 11 tonight British double time (5 EWT) 'bringing five and a half year war to its official endt that hour The German surrender1 Churchill aL241ium1 ye3 terday at Gen Dwight Eisen headquarters: a plenipotentiaries he said unconditionally gave up their '(Turn to Page 10 CoL 5) Quiet Thoughtful Day Asked INDIANAPOLIS May (UP) Governor Gates today called on Hoosiers td mark the end of the war in Europe in a and thoaghtful and 1 to carry on the war against Japan with vigor 1 is a great he said to all of us it must mean the cessation of hostilities on onjy one front lines of production must cease Our subscriptions for war bonds must be increased The responsibility for the successful conclusion of the conflict in the Pacific rests upon our shoulders We as citizens of this state must continue ty do all within our power to ultimate peace throughout the the celebration of vic Gates said is I my ear nest as the governor of Indiana that we acknowledge our great 1 victory in a quiet and thoughtful manner To all of us It should be a time of prayer first 4 in behalf of those of our citizens who have made the tre mendous I AU Rejoice Over Victory But President Asks Nation Not to orget That Sorrow and A Heartaches Abide in American Homes WASHINGTON' May President Truman to day proclaimed complete and unconditional Victory in Europe 7 And in a proclamation he said our blows will con tinue until the Japanese1 lay down theiy arms in uncondi tional 5 Going on the radio at 8 a (CWT) the president told the nation he 'had set next Sunday as a day of prayer in which he wanted all to join a i' iii or in rejoicing over Victory he asked the nation not to forget that 7 and abide in the homes of thousands of UrS Order Revoked WASHINGTON May (INS) War Production Board to day officially revoked the na tionwide order: on all outdoor advertising decora tive and display lighting y' Edward alck chief of office of war utilities said the brownout which be came effective ebruary 1 had saved 500000 tons of coal dur ing the period of the most critical fuel shortage alck warned however that 7 conservaion of fuel must be' continued during the Pacific war and added that the order be Reinstated next if there is a recurrence of last critical scarcity of supply Huge Peacetime Army Is Planned WASHINGTON May 8 (UP) warx department a postwar peacetime standing army of XOQOOO regulars' backed Up by 4000000CtiVfeJ reserves'? it was disclosed today The postwar plans were outlined at a closed session of the house military affairs committee by Brig' Gen' Edward A 'Evans of the army general staff com mittee for reserve policy Committee members said army plans based on the assumption that congress will approve com pulsory peacetime training would give the nation a total of 4500000 trained men who could be thrown into the field in approximately 120 days What congress will do about a compulsory training program re mains to be seen but Chairman Clifton A Woodrum' Va of the house postwar military policy committee has announced that his group will begin open hear ings on the subject next month The total of 4500000 asked by the army would include the 500 000 regulars 40Q000 to 500000 men who would be in the com pulsory training program at a given time active reserves had completed? their training and probably the national guard com mittee members Under compulsory training bills' before congress a trainee would be listed as an re for a period of several years after completing his train ing In comparison to the size of this force the' army had 302968 enlisted men and 23192 officers on Aug 31 1940 a year" and a half before the Pearl Harbor at tack 4 lowers for DR WASHINGTON May (AP) away from the micro phones over which he announced victory In Europe President Tru man today ordered flowers placed on the grave of ranklin Delano Roosevelt at Hyde Park In tribute to his predecessor who died before final European victory was achieved it was learned that Mr Truman had askj ed Secretary of War Stimson to a wreath placed on the Roosevelt grave The president requested that M' Gen rancis Wilby super intendent of the military academy at West Point be designated to place the wreath in his name Wickard to Speak RICHMOND Ind May 8 Secretary of Agriculture Claude Wickard will be the prin cipal speaker at a meeting here tomorrow night arranged wanis international as the first in a series throughout the nation in the interest of improving farm conditions Plans for the meeting were an nounced today by the local club Governors of Indiana Ohio Ken tucky and Illinois have been in vited to attend I Avoids Term WASHINGTON May 3 i(AP) In announcing victory in Europe President Truman today carefully avoided any use of the popular term and white house sources' later made it clear that for the Uniled States no formal Day was proclaimed Instead the president in keep ing With his announced wish that the European victory should not be made the occasion for unre strained celebration set aside next Sunday as day of This wil be May 13 Day' Slayer Sentenced BIG RAPIDS Mich May James Smiley 16 was giv en a 25 to 40 year sentence yes terday a few hours after telling hoW he shot his foster mother to jn her sleep April 21 in their Echo cottage The youth displayed little emo tion as Circuit Judge Earl PugslefV pronounced the sentence after Receiving a plea of guilty a second degree murder Charge Okeh Wage Hike CHICAGO May The sixth regional war labor board ap proved today a 4 per' cent increase in piece rates and a 5 cent hourlyIncrease hourly wage rates for 766 workers at the Harrison Steel Casings' of Attica Ind The company had' asked orji the wage adjustments News of Himmler? LONDON May i The London 'Evening News said today that it believed Gestapo Chief Heinrich Himmler and Reich Mar shal Herman Goering' were with Adm Karl govern NORTHWESTERN INDIANA'S GREATEST NEWSPAPER fe'Mlj LAAYETTE TUESDAY EVENING MAY 8 1945 tremely favorable position The big? powers are an an amazing de gree of unanimity on all funda mental Issues pertaining to the new world peace keeping 'organi zation It has been little 4 short of a miracle that the unanimity has been attained There have been many more or less issues which with less determination Ito succeed on the part of the leaders could' have bogged down the con ference On the Polish issue 'especially feeling on bothsides has been most bitter But the leaders here succeeded in not letting it inter fere with the task of building a charter for a world organization The same is true of the early fight over the chairmanship the admission of Argentina etc This conference is in sharp con trast to the phase of the Versailles conference in 1919 which drafted the League of Nations covenant There were" weeks and weeks of bickering there and never any semblfhde of unanimity among the leading powers The atmosphere here augurs well '5 forgreater success fhis conference than anticipated by even the most optimistic a month ago The United States Great Brit ain Russia and China and' are now ready to turn the conference over the little nations In ef fect the phase be gins today after nearly two weeks of domination by the big ones The others now will have a chance to be beard but are expected generally to accept the broad out line of the plan on which thia big powers are agreed 7 5 War Scribe reed PARIS May' Lowell Bennett International News Serv ice correspondent shot down over Berlin In December 1943 when he accompanied allied airmen to report the raid is en route to Paris today on his way home Bennett who parachuted to safety and nazi stalag luft No 1 was in the midst of the battle in which the allied air officers liberated themselves and made contact with the Russians: more than a week ago Shoe Stamp Promise WASHINGTON May (INS) The OPA announced today that American civilians who are being repatriated from' prison camps will be supplied 1 with two valid shoe stamps on arrival in this country OPA said this ruling! is in line with the policy of assisting wherever possible the return of released internees to normal life in the United States Worker Loses Life PERU Ind May (AP) Or ville Dawes 50 former Peru city councilman was killed as an emery wheel broke and a fragment pierced his heart 1 The accident occurred at: the Chesapeake and Ohio railroad shops whers ho was employed No Action oreseen PARIS May (AP) Eisenhower informed correspon dent at supreme headquarters to day that no action could be tak en against a news agency or or ganization for the act of any in dividual correspondent or corre spondents i DOENITZ READYTO COOPERATE Admiral Offers to Helm During Allied 0c cupation of Reich LONDON May Grand Admiral Karl Doenitz appointed by Adolf Hitler to succeed him as fuehrer as Germany offered to day toremain at the helm of the government during allied occupa tion of the jelch is he told the German people in a broad cast over the lensburg radio will be in the hands of the occupying powers rests with them whether or not I andthe reich government appointed by me can be in office ghould I be able to be of use and assistance to my' fatherland by continuingin office there' I shall remain in I He recalled that he had prom vised he would try the coming imes oTI' to provide tol erable litfirtg conditions for Ger man men women and children but added: know whether I shall be to help you in these hard day" A MUST ACE ACT Doenitz told the Germans must face the fact that the foun dations on which third reich were" built had collapsed I of the state and (nazi) party no Songer he said party has left the scene of its activities" Doenitz said he ordered the Ger man high command to surrender unconditionally all German fight ing forces in all theaters of war in order to the lives of the German hostilities cease May 8 at 11 (5 he said will cease: of the German armed forces who proved their mettle in countless battles will set on the bitter road to captivity thus making a last sacrifice for the lives of women and children and forthe future of 'our nation bow in reverence before tKe thousand fold proven gallantry and sacrifice of our dead and pris 'Doenitz has not revealed the personnel of his entire cabinet He did announce that Count Lud wig7 Schwerin von Krosigk had replaced Joachim von Ribbentrop ai foreign minister however The allies probably will treat Doenitz as a defeated commander in chief Buy War Bond And Celebrate INDIANAPOLIS May (AP) Pulliam chairman of theIndiana war' finance commit tee said today best way to celebrate Day is to buy an war bond that will count toward the seventh war loan 7 The objective in Europe has been won thanks to fighting men Who never Pulliam said total objective defeat of will be won only if we never Many banks were ready withV rubber stamps that marked each bjnd purchased to day as a special one PulliamS Said' War mothers printed the spe cial Inscription on bond? in many Indiana cities Pulliam said No Communique PARIS May Supreme headquarters for the first time since Day June 6 1944 failed to issue a communique at the regular time 7 The usual night briefing session fori newsmen at headquarters wm omitted last night Perishes in ire EVANSVIIXE Ind May 8 The body of Killian Bauer 70 was removed yesterday from his burned farm home near here Coroner Edward Kuhr said Bauer apparently burned to death as he Blept Prime Minister Proclaims Day and 7 Solemnly Pledges All British Resources to Prosecute Warfare Against Japanese LONDON May 8 Prime Minister Winston Churchill today formally announced the defeat and uncon ditional surrender of hazi Germany with all organiz ed hos tilities coming to an end at 6:01 tonight in a Soberly wordfed broadcast pledging all resources to prosecution of the remaining war against Japan officially proclaimed day in effect and sanctioned general holidays imthe British Isles for today and tomorro OR ALI TO OER PRAYERS Vol 26: No' 110? i A VICTORY IN EUROPE DAY v4 '0' 1 A 1 1 ii' Sm 1 ound Dead in Home CLINTON 1 Ind May (INS) rites were being arranged today for Dr Cordingley 57 nationally known pediatriclst who was found dead at his home in yesterday The widow Mrs annie Cordingley discov ered her 4 body when she returned from 'a trip Dr Cordingley 'had lectured throughout 'the country in con nection with his profession Pleads for Mercy 4 REHMS rance May (De Through an 'Iron faced Prussian generalspeaking after he had finished Signing the unconditional surrender the nazis German pleaded toda for mercy for the German people On the wall behind his back was a huge chart tabulatings allied cas ualties High Braise Given Gen Eisenhower PARIS May A strik ing message of gratitude was re ceived by Gen Dwight Eisen howpr from United States Secre tary of War Henry Stimson at supreme 'allied headquarters today The message said the first moment after one of the greatest military victories in all history I find it most dif ficult to express to you in the thanksgiving which fills the hearts of millions of your coun trymen for all that victory means to them Tn this great hour of victory I join with aU peace loving peo ples of the world in sending my most heartfelt thanks to you your staff and commanders and to ev ery member of your allied arm Thoughts of DR LONDON May 8 (AP) Thoughts 7 of President Roosevelt were high in the minds of two soldiers yesterday as they mingled with the throng in Pic cadilly circus celebrating Ger surrender only Roosevelt could have lived to see this ert Lewis of 630 St Portland Ind need him said Corp Weaver of 1510 Johnson Sf7 Ama rillo Tex personality and prestige would help a great Bishop installed BUALO May (AP) Most Rev John CSC was installed today as 'eighth bishop of Buffalo in colorful cen turies old rites in St Ca thedral before the largest gath ering of Catholic hierarchy ever assembled in this city Bishop former president of Notre Dame university had served as military delegate of the armed forces and as an auxiliary to Archbishop rancis Spell man of New York who officiated astheinstalllngrprelate Will Light Capitol WASHINGTON May done of the capital dark ened since Pearl Harbor will be lighted for' i night it was an nounced today David Lynn architect' of the capital said the flood lights would be' on for just one night Jn view of the The brownout is scheduled to be lifted however Bullet Tom Body Is Believed Hitler WITH THE BRITISH SECOND ARMY May Col An otoly Pilugin war correspondent of Tass official soviet news agency has said a Russian gen eral had stated that the body of a man identified as Adolf Hitler had been found in the Berlin The Russian general named During a' m'eeting two between Marshal Sir Bernard Montgomery arfd Marshal Kon stantin Rokossovsky of the second White Russian army Russian of ficers asked Pilugin who is at tached to the British second army as a war correspondent whether the British believed Hitler was dead or alive Pilugin said he replied there was a mixed 'opinion but that the Russian general whose iden tity he did not disclose stated that the Russians had found in Berlin the bullet torn and bat tered body of man identified as Hitler' WgtoryWrs PEACEPARLEYS United Nations Delegates Hasten Work to Create Strong Anti War Unity SAN RANCISCO May (UP) end of the war in Europe spurred delegates at the United Nations conference today to has ten the creation of a world organi zation strong enough to prevent another war The delegates will the historic announcement of the end the war with only a min ute! of silence Then they will re turn' 'to Jong hours oL work de gnedf'to aecompl ish theirs task here within the next two7 or threeweeks AMAZING UNANIMITY The 'end of the European war finds this conference in an ex tremely favorable position for Due 1.

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