Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on September 16, 1937 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Thursday, September 16, 1937
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Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ~ Alex. H, Washburn Hope Star The Seven Causes T HE State of Arkansas has at last gotten around to the business of barring chronic reckless drivers from the public highway. For many years the state's sole licensing authority covered merely the automobile and not the driver. The revocation of a man's right to drive was, therefore, a doubtful matter. But today we have a driver's license law. The right of the car to be on the highway is one thing, but the right of a man to be at the wheel of that car . . . depends entirely on his performance. Arkansas today can suspend a driver's license and make the suspension "slick" for a period of one year. With the aid of the state police it should be possible to investigate nearly every accident that occurs on the main roads, whether anyone is killed or not... and fix individual responsibility. Many of the states nowadays investigate every motor accident regardless whether it is serious or trivial. Many times the police find evidence of a recklessness that could have cailsed death, and would do so at some later date but for the curbing influence of a hard-boiled police investigation. There are seven causes for which a driver's license may be suspended. They arc listed in the "Guide to Safe- ami Sane Driving," official pamphlet of (lie Arkansas State Highway Commission, a copy of which every driver ought to hnve. Incidentally, the pamphlet's slogan is this: "ALL MOTOR CAR ACCIDENTS ARE AVOIDABLE." The seven causes for suspension of a driver's license follow: 1. Has committed an offense for which mandatory revocation is required upon conviction. 2. Has been involved in an accident resulting in death, personal injury or serious property damage. 3. Is an habitually reckless or negligent driver. 4. Is an habitual violator of the traffic laws. 5. Is incompetent to drive a motor vehicle. 6. Has permitted an unlawful or fraudulent use of his license. 7. Has committed an offense in another slate for which the license would be revoked here. WEATHER. Arkansas — Partly cloudy, cooler in east portion, Thursday night ®- Ballyho, Bribery, -Charm "Road to Dictatorship" CHICAGO .— (/P) — Hugh Johnson Thursday declared that "under the seduction of ballyhoo, bribery and charm we are moving away from the democracy imagined by the constitution and straight toward as rigid a dictatorship as there is on earth." VOLUME 38—NUMBER 290 HQJPE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 16,1937 PRICE 5c COPY CITE PARDON REFUSAL —*— ** -"•—" - - "-- " ' ' -'-'• "-'—""'••—-.---rr-J—UL _ ^^ - ^ ( Cotton Embargo to Orient Not Likely More Than Fourth of Japs' U. S. Purchases Is of Cotton WASHINGTON—(/P)—There is no thought among responsible officials here of limiting cotton exports to Japan and Cliina, high authorities said Wednesday night. Earlier in the day, Secretary of Commerce Hoper gave the impression that the Commerce Department was conducting a survey to determine whether cotton should be added to a list of war implements which President Roosevelt has forbidden government-owner ships to carry to the two Far Eastern nations. Later, it was emphasized that such a question was one for the Munitions Control Board to determine and that the board is making no such survey. Latest figures show that 25 per cent or 554,820,000 of Japan's total purchases of $192,000,000 in the United States during the first seven months of 1937 consisted of raw cotton. During 193B she made total purchases of $105,000,000 of which $38,000,000 was raw cotton. China's total purchases this year through July amounted to $37,000,000, including only $570,000 of cotton, as compared with total purchases of ?2G,- 000,000 in 193G, including $1,051,000 of cotton. Roper said the study would not take long because the department has trade attaches in both countries. He said the findings would be turned over to the Munitions Board, adding that "any abnormal increase in exports would be a matter to be looked into." Debt Committee to Meet Sept. 22 Farmers and Tenants Invited to Consult at RA Office Here Debt-burdened farmers and farm tenants who face serious complications from debt problems despite honest efforts to meet their obligations 1 have an opportunity to consult with he Hempstead county farm debt ad- jostment committee when it meets at Hope on Wednesday, September 22, it was announced Thursday by E; M. Osbbrn chairman of the group. The meeting will be held at the RA office and will begin at 10 a. m. Services of the committee are free to all worthy debt-burdened farmers or their creditors and the information and procedure matters are held in confidence by the committeemen. The committee, the chairman said, is often able to help farmers and their creditors get together in an effort to :ind a solution to their problems that will benefit both and enable the banner- o carry on. Persons desiring information about the services and functions of the committee should contact the chairman, the RA rehabilitation supervisor or the extension agent. 10 Billions Lost in Stock Market Drastic Decline Is Observed Clear Across New York Board U. S. Reveneu Attorney "Forced Out," He Says WASHINGTON-OP)—Morrison Shaf- roth said Thursday ho had been forced out of the position of chief counsel of the Internal Revenue Bureau because he refused to join the recent investigation of tux avoidance. MIND Your MANNERS Test your knowledge of correct social usage by answering the following questions, then checking against the authoritative answers below: 1. May wo whisper to another when discussing a private matter. 2. How should one address a Catholic priest whose name is not known'.' .'!. I.s it. correct for a man to speak of his wife as "the wife"? 4. Is it considerate for a man lo keep asking a girl for a date when she continually refuses him? 5. Should a young woman call u man on the telephone whenever she wants to talk with him? What would you do if— You are telephoning and you are given a wrong number— (al Say, "I'm sorry, I have the wronii number" (bl Hunk up the receiver without saying anything? (cl Say, "I asked for Hemlock 70-13"? Answers 1, No, whispering is always rude. •>, Father. 3. Nu. 4. No, because when a girl %vants to go with a man, she isn't always "busy." 5. Nu. She .should wait, no matter how impatiently, for him to call. Bust "What Would Yen Do" solution— liii. (CVipj rip.lil 1M7. NEA Service, 'nc.l NEW YORK—(/P)—The sweeping decline in stock prices the past month is estimated to have chopped roughly 10 billion dollars from the value of all common stocks listed on the New York Stock Exchange. Analysts say there are some 1,296,715,000 common shares listed on the "big board." The broadest available average of stock prices compiled by Hammerslag, Borg & Co., including 687 common issues, was $40.61 on August 14 before the current reaction set in. By September 13, the low point for the year to date, it had declined to $32.56. Multiplying the number of outstanding shares by average prices places the total at $52,659,000,000 on August 14 and $42,351,000,000 on the later date. Deadline Expires for State Driver License LITTLE ROCK—(/P)—The deadline for purchase of he 35-cent state drivers licenses expired Wednesday night with evcnue department officials estimat- nfi approximately 45,000 persons had lot obtained them. Delinquents must undergo a state police examination before they can purchase the U censes. Miller Charges Bailey Machine Changed the Rule Congressman Blasts Governor in Opening Senate Campaign "USING STATE CARS" Declares Bailey Has Sent State Employes Into the Campaign OZARK, Ark.—(/P)—Formally opening his campaign for the vacant senate seat of the late Joe T. Robinson, Congressman John E. Miller of Searcy, democrat running as an independent, Wednesday night challenged legality if the nomination of his opponent, Governor Bailey, by the State Democratic Committee. In a prepared address before supporters assembled in this small western Arkansas town, Miller referred only n passing to his support of most New Deal legislation and laid the main premise of his campaign on the is- ue which has split Democratic ranks .n this state—the issue of what constitutes legal nomination in the absence of a party primary. The State Committee nominated Governor Bailey after rejecting petitions for a primary on grounds of excessive expense. One party faction nominated Miller. The congressman's name then was certified to the special election ballot as an independent, by electoral petition. "Party Rules Changed" The committee nomination, Miller charged Wednesday night, was made possible by a "star chamber" change in party rules last January when it was expected that Robinson would leave the Senate, for the Supreme Court. Contending that the statutes provided for senate nomination only by convention, primary or petition, and charging that Bailey was on record as condemning committee nominations, Miller said: "The rule under which Mr. Bailey claims to be the Democratic nominee is in direct conflict with the law. "He refused to permit the State Committee to order a primary, notwith- sanding the cost of a primary had been ;uranteed by something like 65 counties in the state. * * * "Governor Bailey and Governor Bailey alone is responsible for the failure to hold a primary." Date for the special election has not yet been fixed by the governor, and Miller charged the delay was occasioned by Bailey's need to "rebuild political fences," and alleged Bailey had made a peace with former political foes in the resort city of Hot Springs, where state administration officials conducted sensational gambling raids several months ago. 'The date of the election has not yet been fixed," Miller said. "He evidently considers the matter as his own private affair, but since August 9, the state capitol has been literally abandoned and state employes have been going over the state at the expense of the taxpayers seeking to bolster and rebuild the political fences of the governor. "State Cars Used" "Six hundred cars are daily traveling this state at state expense, entreating, coercing, and intimidating voters in an effort to obtain a promise to elect that man to the high office of United States senator. "The governor has not been content to let his employes make all of the trades. Some of them had too many possibilities to be trusted to lieu, tenants. The possibilities were too great at Hot Springs for anyone other than the governor himself to negotiate. The city administration at (Continued on Page Six) Cleaning Up Mediterranean's Pirates Once Uncle Sam's Job T Stephen Decatur in a 4-Year-War Defeats Corsairs American Commerce Freed From Barbary Pirates in 180-05 TO PAY NO TRIBUTE "Millions for Defense" War-Cry of Early Navy and Marines Libby-Owens GIat» Co. Head Takes Census Job WASraNGTON-W-John Biggers, prsident .of the Libbey-Owens-Ford Glass company, accepted Thursday the job of administrator of the unemployment census. An American naval disaster which turned into a triumph for young Stephen Decatur is portrayed above: the grounding and loss of the frigate Philadelphia after she pursued a pirate vessel into the very harbor of Tripoli. Decatur and a volunteer crew later destroyed the frigate under the guns of the enemy to deprive them of-the use of the man-of-war. Dairy Program Is Begun at DeQueen First National Bank There Launches Livestock Loan Plan DE QUEEN, Ark—A plan instituted by the First National bank of De Queen a month ago whereby loans have been made available on liberal terms to farmers of Sevier county for the purchase of dairy cows, brood sows and hens, has met with wide acceptance by farmers in this territory, and has exceeded the expectations of the bank, according to Abe Collins, president of the institution. The bank in announcing its plan last mqnth, said that it had reached a decision that farm dairying offered the best method of increasing the income of farmers in its territory, and that it would devote the next year lo helping farmers acquire a start in the milk producing business, by fi- nansiug the purchase of good milch cows. B. J. St. Claire, dairy expert who has studied and helped to develop the industry in many states, as well as in foreign countries, signed a contract to serve for eight months as the bank's field man, and is now engaged in milking surveys of farms where the owners have applied for loans under the bank plan. More than 20 good grade milch cows have already been placed with farmers in this territory, Chinese Claim Jap Cruiser Destroyed League Revives Oriental Committee to Hear China's Protest By MORRIS GILBERT NEA Service Staff Writer Today you wouldn't believe your eyes if the newspaper headlines read: "U. S. NAVY ACTS ALONE TO CLEAR MEDITERRANEAN OF PIRATES." Yet your Uncle Sammy—a younger and rasher Uncle Sammy—did just that in the year 1805. And the European nations, unlike the situation today, were content to let him go about the business of cleaning up their own waters without concerning themselves. Not only the navy but U. S. Marines saw action. That's why, today their great service song goes, "From the Halls of Montezuma to the Shores of Tripoli." The reason the United States waged the War of the Barbafy Pirates, which lasted four years and was the training ground for an immortal cluster of American naval heroes, has a strah»e- ly modern ring. Piracy, up to that time, had existed there for centuries because of the complacency of the big European nations. Big trading countries, like England, preferred to pay tribute to the corsairs rather than to act against them, because the piracy HONGKONG, British Crown Colony—(/P)—A claim that, a Japanese cruiser had been sunk~"by Chinese air_ bombs off the South China coast was made Thursday by Chinese reports from Canon unconfirmed from other sources, in two successful air attacks on Japanese naval units. GENEVA, Switzerland — (/P)— The League of Nations council Thursday put China's appeal against Japanese aggression into the hands of the revived Oriental advisory committee group in which the United States once participated. Japs Claim Victory PEIPING, China.—(#>)—The Japanese' reported later Thursday that the center of the Chinese battle front in North China had been shattered and General Wan Fu-Lin's Manchurian divisions were in full retreat. New York City's Vote Being Taken Three-Cornered Fight Between Copeland, La- Guardia, Mahoney NEW YORK.-W—Approximately a million New Yorkers expected to vote Thursday for mayoralty candidates, bringing to an end one of the most puzzlig primary campaigns in the city's history. National issues centering about the New Deal cut sharply across party lines and drew nation-wide attention. Two candidates are the pro-New Deal Mayor Fiorello LaGuardia, Republican, and. Jeremiah Mahoney, Democrat. The third candidate is Senator Royal Copeland, for of the president, who is running on his own Democratic ticket as Tammany's candidate. A Crucial Election NEW YORK —(fl 3 )— Approximately 1,000,000 enrolled voters, stirred by the hottest local campaign in years, are settling 52 primary contests this Thursday and clearing the way for the general municipal election in November. Chief interest is centered in the three-sided battle for the mayoralty nominations, in which an anti-New Deal Democrat backed by Tammany Hall, seeks to defeat administration supporters in the lists of both major parties. Fighting right and left with former Gpv. Alfred E. Smith and the ruling faction of Tammany behind him, was Senator Boyal S..Copeland, cow live, who insisted that national were at stake. Opposing him from the Republican side was Mayor 1 F. H. LaGuardia, liberal, whose followers expressed the conviction that he had won his battle State Senator's 'Desertion'Is Laid to Clemency Case John Wells, Bailey's Secretary, Strikes at Senator Hal Smith $100 FEE"AT STAKE Secretary Charges Refusal Caused Smith to Join Rep. Miller \ LITTLE ROCK.— (ff) -John Well* overnor Bailey's secretary, charged Thursday that Bailey's refusal to "di*- egard orderly procedure in the hand' ing of clemency matters" had alien- ted the support of State Senator Hal Smith of Clarendon. Smith spoke at Ozark Wednesday light in behalf of the senatorial can* idacy of Congressman Miller. Wells said after the governor had declined to disregard the recommanda- ions of the state parole officer and :ounty authorities "against clemency or a negro murderer, so Senator Smith could make make a $100 fee t he came into the office and told me it he ouldn't do business here be wu through." Wells said the dispute arose over Smith's effort to obtain a furlough" for ..uther Cokes, negro, sentenced to 10 ears in 1934 for second-degree murder." kept merchants of smaller, poorer countries from competing in Mediterranean markets. Captured by Pirates The United States, youthful and impoverished, much against its wil] jumped into action when the piracy grew too rampant to stand. It ceased paying tribute, waged a four-year sea war, besieged Tripoli, and won its case. Next Move Italy's LONDON, Ene. — (/P) — Great Britain and France rushed their Mediterranean naval activities on virtually a war-time basis Thursday, intimating that Italy must make the next move if she wants to join the "anti-piracy" patrol of the inland sea. Thus, Italian demands for equality in the new patrol scheme remained in a tense diplomatic impasse. (Continued on Page Six) A Thought The strongest symptom of wisdom in man is his being sensible of his own follies. — Rochefoucauld. Cholera in Shanghai SHANGHAI, China.—(/P)—A cholera epidemic spread through the foreign sectors of this war-racked metropolis Thursday, striking down more than 100 additional victims overnight. Revival to Begin Sunday at Melrose A revival meeting will begin Sunday September 19, in Melrose community. The Rev. Hollis Purtle, pastor of Second Baptist church of Hope, will be in charge. The public is invited. L_ _J NIGHT BY MARION WHITE Copyright, 1937, N£A Service, Inc. CHAPTER I The soap slid over the edge of the tub and across the bathroom floor, three feet beyond the reach of the tub's lovely occupant. "Dam!" said Cilly. (Prise-ilia, -to you. Miss Priscilla Pierce, of the late Bensonhurst Pierces.) She slithered down to the edge of the tub and reached again. With tv/o strong fingers, she grasped the soap, only to have it slide another yard, toward the door. "Darn" she said again. Then to herself: "If 1 have to get out of this tub, I'm out for good." Somewhere in the night a church clock struck. Cilly listened, counting the strokes. "Twelve o'clock," she murmured. "I'm going to bed." She remembered that she had a full morning's work ahead of her the next day, if she was to finish that Harvey brief by noon. And she was never her best on Monday morning Tomorrow would be no exception. She jumped out of the tub. rescued the slippery ioap and returned it lo its cubicle above the tub. Then with a huge Turkish towel she rubbed her tall slim body until it glowed. "If Amy Kerr had one iota of sense," she was thinking all the while, "she wouldn't have suggested another rubber of bridge at 11 o'clock. Nor would she be up on the roof now airing her blue dress! Airing her dress, my grandmother. She's never been so fussy before. What made her want to go up on the roof at 12 o'clock?" Cilly grabbed her pajamas from the hook on the bathroom door and jumped into them unceremoniously. Amy might at least have realized that it was nerve-wracking to have the door unlocked when one was taking a bath. But tonight Amy was certainly inconsiderate. "1 won't be a minute, Cilly . . . I'm just going up on the roof to air this blue dress so that I can wear it tomorrow. It smells like a gasoline station now. . . . Leave the door open, that's a dead." * * * Well, it certainly was n Ions minute. More like 20. Cilly went into the bedroom they shared together and sat down at the frilled dressing table. This was the moment of the daily hair- brushing—100 strokes. It wasn't all accident that Cilly's dull auburn hair shone so richly. Seven, eight, nine, ten . . . Jusl a minute, to air this blue dress. Tom- mvrot! Cilly was thoroughly annoyed at Amy KeiT toiiiyht. And not a little annoyed at herself for being such a jealous fool. It wasn't as if Air.v was a different person by nature. She wasn't. She was a peach. In the two months they had shared the apartment, Cilly and Amy hail yrou'ii as close as sisters. Cilly had been doubtful at first about taking a stvange girl in to share her home, but she had never regretted doubling up with Amy Kerr. And with expenses just about cut in hall', they were already planning a trip to the West Indies that winter. That is, if nothing happened in the meantime. American commerce from then on flowed freely. Other nations followed suit, and the last vestiges of piracy (until now) ended about a hundred years ago when France conquered the northern rim of Africa. American's hands-off policy today makes a difference. The question is whether Europe will be able to read the lessons of history and crush piracy—which, by definition, is criminal acts with violence at sea—the way Ed. ward Preble, Stephen Decatur, William Brainbridge, and other American naval heroes crushed it between the years 1801 and 1805. Treachery and violations of all codes of international warfare were commonplaces of the war. For instance, a corsair battling an American vessel would strike his flag in token of surrender, then, having maneuvered .into a favorable position, would open fire again, On one such occasion a lirate captain hauled down his flag .hree times, the third time tossing it clean overboard to prove that he final,y really meant it. Once, in battle, a Tripohtan captain surrendered, when the young brother of Stephen Decatur boarded the vessel, the captain shot him dead with a pistol. Stephen iieard of Ihe act, ranged alongside, clambered aboard, engaged the Tri- politan in hand-to-hand combat and killed him. Stephen Decatur achieved the pinnacle of fame in destroying the cap- live American frigate, Philadelphia, pride of our marine. The Philadelphia had pursued a corsair into the harbor o£ Tripoli until shallow water halted her under the guns of the fort there. Coming about to make for the open sea again, the frigate fetched up on a shoal. Captain William Bainbridge was obliged to surrender and he and his men were imprisoned after attempting to sink the vessel. It was a serious blow to our navy, especially when Commodore Edward Preble learned that the Tripolitans had managed to float and re-arm her. Blockade Pirates The Americans had recently captured a ketch whose native rigging wouldn't cause alarm to the Tripo- (Contlnueil on Page Two) with one campaign speech, in which he reviewed his administration and offered the city the choice of more of the same or a return to machine rule. Regardless of Mayor LaGuardia's fate in the Republican primary, however, he will be a candidate in the election November 2 as the nominee of the Amer ican Labor party. Some Tammany sup porters of Copeland have expressed e fear that there will be a substantia write-in-vote for LaGuardia on th Democratic ballot. Pitted against Senator Copeland in the Democratic primary is former Su preme Court Justice Jeremiah T. Ma honey, former athlete, backed by th four pro-New Deal borough leader 0 outside Manhattatn. The issues have been more numerou than clear cut, ranging all the wa from the five-cent fare to the Ku Klu Klan, While Mayor LaGuardia ha refused to "get down on my knee and beg for votes," Mahoney and Copeland have carried on brisk cam paigns, with the result that the breach within the city's once colid Democra cy has been perceptibly widened. Interest in the statewide off-yea primary election centers in New Yor city and promises to overshadow th balloting in the rest of the state, de spite numerous contests for nominaion for the State Assembly and for dele gates to the 1938 state Constitutiona convention. New Mattress Factory Opened in This Cit; The Paul Cobb Mattress factory, 71 West Fourth street, opened Wednesday for business following the installatio of a new ?200 mattress-making ma chine. The factory is located in a bricl building across the street from th old Garland school building. It i equipped to manufacture new mat tresses as well as "make old ones new." The public is invited to inspect the new plant. (Continued on Page Six! Scout Circus to Be Held Oct. 8-9 2,000 Boys, Including •' fr m ,, 3 Texarkana Camp Announcement was made Thursday. of the completion of all preliminary arrangements for the staging of the second Tex-Ark Scout Circus and Camp in Texarkana, October 8-9. Over 2,000 boys, including local troops, will participate in the 14 act show. Every high school band in the Tex- Ark Scout Council area has been invited to march in the parade to be held in Texarkana at 11 o'clock, a. nW October 8. Acceptances have been re. ceived from Hope and De Queen, with some 12 tentative bookings which are expected to be made definite by the end of the week. The circus, the second of its kind ever to be staged in this section i» designed to interest boys of pre-scout age in Scouting and to demonstrate to parents of boys of Scout age the value of the Boy Scout movement hi building character and citizenship. The show will be presented at two evening performances at Buhrman Athletic Field in Texarkana. All participants in the circus will be housed in a camp set up on the circus grounds. The camp has been laid out by Army Engineers, experienced in camp arrangement, assuring perfect drainage and strict sanitation. Tents and cots have been procured from the Arkansas National Guard, Little Rock. The camp when set up, it is reported will be of full war-time battalion size. Menus have been carefully prepared to provj'de well balanced and sustaining fares for the campers. The preparation and serving of food will be under the direction of the Cotton Belt Railway Dining Car Staff, rendering experienced and expeditious service to Scouts and Scout Masters staying at the camp. A hospital unit will be set up with (Continued on Page Six) Cotton NEW ORLEANS.—VP)—October cotton opened Thursday at 9.92 and closed at 8.87. Spot cotton closed steady 11 points lower, middling 8.88. About Free Text Books Only 70 per cent of the text books is furnished by the state. The communities were called upon last spring to furnish the other 30 per cent. In some instances our patrons responded very .graciously and generously, but the 30 per cent which is needed lo complete the WO per cent supply has not been made. A number of patrons agreed to buy books for their chtldron. or, have stated that younger children in the home would u>o the books which were used by older children in the home. In ihuse C,.;-L;.. r.o requisition for books was made for the pupils. Those patrons who agreed to furnish books will buy their b.vk.s from the county examiner, E. E. Austin, on North tYrgus.-n Mixct. There is a distinct shortage in supplying all pupil;; v. till all books. Because of the large number of new pupils entering school, there is an acute need for more books. The distribution of these books will be done on ;^ f;.ir a ba.-.U as is possible to adopt, but at the present time unless n.or.- books i,re donated, all pupils wifl not be able to get the entire list 01 iK.oka needed. BERYL HENKY Superintendent of Hope Schools

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