Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on September 14, 1937 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

Hope, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Tuesday, September 14, 1937
Page 1
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Our Daily Bread Slicea Thin by The Editor Alex. H, Washburn Hope Ku Kluxer—Yes or No! The Voice of Hearst Don't Be a Jonah H UGO L. BLACK of Alabama may be in the clear on that Ku KJux Klan matter—but it is a great tragedy that a man aspiring to the highest judge's post in the land should have so lived that he could even be accused. Today in London, Justice Black refused to either confirm or deny his klan membership. But he will have to do one or the other—for the gospel of the Twentieth Century Ku Kluxer, paying dues toipreach hatred against fellow citizens, doesn't square with the sworn duty of a justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. And the cosmopolitan populations of the big cities won't argue that with you, either. The biggest ( mystery, of course, ® Star isn't the particular case of Justice Black, but how the South ever got so thoroughly "sold" on the commercial "Ku Klux Klan" of the Twentieth Century, when Southerners certainly knew that the original Klan was a patriotic group serving without pay for the .salvation of their homes and their civilization. We who saw the "klnn" in operation back in 1923 understand that it was taken no more seriously by most Southerners than just another social club—but to people outside our own section who knew the "klan" only by its stated principles, and who believed the rank and file of the membership were going to enforce those principles, the "klan" and all its members were politically damned. I feel for Justice Black, for I know that when I went to El Dorado in the spring of 1923 there were 2,200 "klan" members in Union county, and it took a strong will and an obstinate soul to stay out. It is no particular credit to the Daily News staff that their relations with the El Dorado "klan" were hostile. A newspaper is better able to call a bluff sometimes than the individual citizen is. Many politicians about that time affiliated with the "klan". It was u mortal mistake if a man ever expected to command public confidence beyond the horizon of his personal acquaintanceship. Whether Justice Black made that mistake—whether he can PROVE that he didn't—remains to be seen. Meanwhile, it would bo wise to remember that the "klan" charge against the justice was made originally by the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, owned by Paul Block, close ally of William Randolph Hearst. That gives the charge less weight. But the tragedy for Hugo L. Black is that the Dciiiocrats can not afford to lose control of New York City— and if the "klan" issue becomes seriously embarrasing up there the party's ship-of-state will be looking for a Jonah to throw overboard. i Youne mm—-consider ,thq case of * Mr. Black. Don't take a chance on being a Jonah. But if you do, don't go out on a political ship. You may never come back. Criminals Seldom Fire Against "Dead Shots" COLORADO SPRINGS, Colo.—("V f you are a "dead shot," rarely will you have to "shoot it out" with a des- jerate criminal. That is the theory of Maj. W. H. Drane Lester, assistant director of the ederal bureau of investigation under J. Edgar Hoover. 'We have had to kill only nine criminals out of 12,000 captured in the last three years," he says. "The criminal, knowing wo are capable of pro- acting our own lives, rarely chooses to shoot it out with us." Home-Made Home' Drive Is Outlined to County Agents Lack of Money Offset Somewhat by Wealth of Local Materials WEATHER. Arkansas—Partly cloudy and warmer in east portion Tuesday night; Wednesday partly cloudy. VOLUME 38—NUMBER 288 HOPE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 14,1937 PRICE 6c COPY PIRACY PACT SIGNED STATE TO GIVE AID Ruel Oliver Named Prescott Director Holds First Prescott Band Meeting in New Gymnasium Building Ruel Oliver of Hope, former associate director of Hope Boys Band, has been appointed director of the Pres. cott Hiph School band, it was announced this week by the band committee of Prescott Chamber of Commerce. The first meeting of Prescott bane students was held Monday night in the new Prescott gymnasium building. Mr Oliver succeeds Director Linbuld a Prescott. Mr. and Mrs. Oliver will continue to make Hope their home. They reside on North Elm street. m * m Mary Parkhurst Dies Here at 75 Funeral Held Here Sunday, With Burial at Dexter, Ark. Mrs. Mary Parkhurst, 75. died at lj:.'!0 p. m. Saturday at the home of her niece. Mrs. .1. M. lioswell. South Washington street. She had made her home with Mrs. Bo.swcll the past five year:;. 'Jlie fiinei.d service was held at 8:30 a. in. Sunday li.v the Hev. W. H. Ham- stur of First Baptist church, mils was then taken to Dexter, .n Pine Bluff, for burial at The Hev. Mr. Loiif.- cliai !',e ot services Extension Service Will Offer Guidance, Speakers Here Explain By FRANCES STANLEY Assistant Editor Extension Service The 'homemade homes" campaign sponsored by the Extension Service of the University of Arkansas College of Agriculture was launched in southwest Arkansas Tuesday in the first of a series of conferences of extension agents held here. C. C. Randall, assistant extension director, who opened the conference, termed the program a "practical and sensible plan for improving the housing standards in rural Arkansas." "The average income of farm, families in this state is about $600 a year. With such an income, many falimies can not afford the type of house in which they can take pride and which offccrs them not only adequate shelter, but a satisfactory environment. Bui they do have wealth in the form ol labor, in logs and stone, gravel and rough lumber. This campaign is meant to give them what guidance and help we can toward putting these resources to work and creating new wealth in the form of rural homes." Mr. Randall read a telegram from Dan T. Gray, dean and director of the College. Addressed to the extnesion agents attending the conference, the telegram expressed the Dean's confidence in the program and in its possibilities for Arkansas. The campaign is to become a part of the regular extension program, Mr. Randall said. "It is just another development in the live-at-home program. We are learning that we can grow homes on our farms as well as foods and feed, if we lay our plans carefully and use all the resources at our command." Farm Prosperity Homes reflect the prosperity of the farm land, declared Miss Connie J. Bonslagel, stale home demonstration agent, in discussing the possibilities of the program. She emphasized that the plan of homemade homes should not be confined to low-income groups. "There will b many families who will take advantage of native resources to build homes such as would be impossible for them, but there is timber on some of the wealtihest farms and plantations in the state which can he used to build houses of the highest standards." Miss Bon.slagel cited a survey recently made in the .state to determine the availability of materials and the type of houses already l>eing built by farm people. "The homes reported ranged ail the way from a two- room cabin which cost its owner $10 in cash, a cow which he traded lor materials, ami his own labor to completely modern homes winch are the 'shuwplaces' in their communities. Di.scuss 1'laii Honk plan honk containing plan.- Grew n-YolkedEgg gh, The One OH Display Here Li lit Hampton Freed on Drunken Driving; Woman at Wheel McCaskill Man Convicted of Drunkenness Only— Is Fined $10 NO DRIVER LICENSE Mrs. Geneva Gregory to Be Arraigned Later on Technical Charge Testimony in Hope municipal court trial late Monday of J. D. Hampton', 40, of McCaskill, showed that Mrs. Geneva Gregory of Hope was the driver of the truck that struck and seriously injured Dug Chism last Thursday afternoon on the Hope-Blevins highway. Charges of operating a motor vehicle while drunk and reckless driving, against Hampton were dismissed when testimony showed that Mrs. Gregory had driven the truck from near Hope to a point eight miles north on the Blevins road where the accident occurred. Hampton, however, was convicted of drunkenness and was assessed a fine of $10. A charge of operating a motor vehicle without driver's license against Mrs. Gregory was not heard, pending the outcome of the condition of Chism who is reported still to be in a critical condition at Julia Chester hospital. He is suffering from a skull fracture and broken right leg. Testimony also showed that Claude Rowland of McCaskill was riding in the truck with Hampton and the Gregory woman at the time of the accident. No charges were filed against Rowland. The trials of Elvina Walker and Richard Brannon, negroes, were cohtmuetl to September 27 to await developments in the condition of S. B. Walker, negro, who was stabbed and struck over the head with a hammer Saturday night in the negro quarters of Radical Hill vicinity. Walker was reported to be in a critical condition at Julia Chester hospital. Elvina Walker is the wife of S. B. Walker, police snid. The present chargo against the Walker woman and Brannon is for assault and battery. • * • Big Local Melon StopsJIS. Court Basil E. Newton Ships Giant to Court Clerk at Mobile, Ala. LITTLE ROCK—New honors for Hempstead county melons were won last week when u huge Hope melon caused a temporary recess of United Slides District Court for the Southern District oC Alabama at Mobile. Virgil C. Griffin, clerk of the court, sent an account of the occasion to Basil E. Newton, agent in charge of the Secret Service office at Little Rock who had sent the melon to Mr. Griffin as proof that his previous boast of the and flavor of Arkansas watermelons weren't merely tall tales. Mr. Griffin, in acknowledging the melon and retracting aspersions that lie had east on the accuracy of Mr. Newton's Arkansas melon tales, declarer that the "tremendous" watermelon (weight 118 pounds) was the largest he had ever .seen. He placed it in the window of a large restaurant in Mobile for several days, and the management of Iho restaurant received hundreds of inquiries. After keeping the melon un iee for three days, Mr. Griffin had it taken to the Grand Jury room of the federal ulin^, arul court officials and at_ taehes, headed by the federal judge, uladl.y laid aside official duties to take [iart in the inelon-eutt ine;. Tin- photographer of the State Ducks munission was on Uand lo take pic- Japanese Invaders Unify China as 'Reds' Join Chiang Kai-Shek Photo copyright, 1S37, by Edgar Snow. Soldiers of the Chinese red armjr riving the Communist salute. Long bitter foes ot Chiang Kai-shek's Nanking government, they havq forgotten their old enmity Md^are now helping Chiang fight the Japanese invaders. ' • Asks President to Investigate Black Ku Klux Klan Charge Stirs East—Black Won't Say Yes or No NEW YORK-OT-Senator Walsh, Massachusetts Democrat, called on President Roosevelt Tuesday to set up an "impartial" investigating committee to study statements that Supreme Court Justice Hugo L. Black holds a "life membership" in the Ku Klux Klan. Walsh asserted that Justice Black "owes it to the presdient, the senate and the country to declare publicly whether he is a member of the klan." Justice Black, vacationing in London, neither denied nor confirmed his alleged affiliation with the organization. Points (o Copcland ATLANTA, Ga.—(/P)—Imperial Wizard Hiram Evans, head of the klan, declared Tuesday that his organization supported Copeland, New York Democrat, in the 1928 senatorial race. This statement came as a backfire on Copeland, who declared Supreme Court Justice Black should resign in view of the allegations that he is a member of the hodded order. The fairy tern of the Tuamotu islands makes no nest; it lays its eggs on a bare tree limb. Chinese Stand Off Jap War Vessels Ships and Forts Repel Attempt to Enter the Canton River HONGKONG, British Crown Colony —(/P)—Chinese warships and the guns of the Bocca and Tigris forts at the entrance to the Canton river were reported .Tuesday to have defeated the Japanese fleet in what was described as a major naval engagement. Japanese Attack SHANGHAI, China— (#")—The Japanese army splashed forward through torrential rain Teusday in a massed attack against the Chinese second-line positions northwest of Shanghai. A Japanese spokesman said strong fortifications at the civic center of Kiangwan had ben occupied and the Japanese trops pushed deep into the delta. 10 Years'Revolt Ends; Communists March on Enemy Rebels Against Chiang Now Join Him Against the Common Foe —® Studebaker Staff Go to South Bend Factory E. L. Archer, Geor.ge Duke and Jesse Hutson of the Archer Motor company left during the week-end for South Bend, Ind., to attend the annual Studebaker sales convention there. They are expected to return to Hope Sunday or Monday of next week. A NATION AT LAST? Red Soldiers Drop Communistic Banner, Unfurl Chinese Flag By NBA Service SHANGHAI, China—The thudding crash of Japanese guns in the mud- flats around Shanghai seems to have given sluggish China just the jar that was needed to create national unity. For the last quarter-century, ever since the Manchu dynasty was overthrown, the outside world has waited for China to stop being a collection of discordant parts and become a nation. That moment may at last be in sight. It was announced in Shanghai a few days ago that the famous Communist army of northwest China—the army that has fought desperately against Chiang Kai-shek's Nanking government for a bloody decade—had discarded its red banners and enrolled under Chiang's flag to fight the Japanese. Under its revered leader, Chu Teh, it was reported marching against the Japanese flank near Peiping, while the Chinese Communist political leader, Mao Tzetung, has gone to the interior to organize the red areas in support of Chiang. This news represents the longest step toward solidarity that distressed China has taken in many years. It also brings to a climax one of the most amazing chapters in modern history—the story of the Chinese Communist state and the part it has played in rousing China to fight outside aggression. Western World Lost Face The Chinese Communist party was founded at Shanghai in 1920. China, restive for years under the yoke of western imperialism, had just had an object lesson that no subtle Oriental could possibly miss. It had seen the great powers of the Western world combine to support armed intervention in Siberia, and had seen Soviet Russia beat off the thrust. The western world had "lost face," and a number of ardent young Chinese were set thinking. First leader of China Communism was Chen Tu-hsiu, dean of Pieping National University. He traveled back and forth between Russia and China, persuading many of his students to do likewise. The result was a number (Continued on Page Six) 'She Was a Good Girl/ 1 Insists Mother of One Who Shot Her Married Lover to Death poor who have of I lit. 1 ril'l].- - By RUTH MILLETT f (Copyright, 1!).')7, NEA Service, Inc) "She was a good .girl," protested a New Jersey mother after her 20-year- old daughter had shot and killed a married man who was her lover. —o— That mother's defensive outcry was the natural one. She had always wanted her daughter to be a "good Hirl" and so she bf- lievcd that she was. She had settled the question of h'-r daughter's chastity in her own mind— forgetting t h at chastity i s o n e thing a «irl deeMes for herself. Perhaps this was not always as (rue as il is today. Hut anyone who I lived in a collt dormitory in last few v e '•> Knth Alillell knows that. an:> the college '..U'oUp at k'HSt. Voll women nf |oda\ are making up tin And it i-. safe to say that in mis mailer they arc 1 no different, frojr. any other ea'oup of voting women. The traininy they have icceiveu 1 from (liurch and home may influence diem sume--bnt il isn't, the deciding factor. Almost any Kirl who is in school thi.i month would admit to yuu--if she were prefectly frank- that -sh 1 -' knows .some of her friends or acquaint- (Conlinupd on Pace Cleanup Campaign for City Starts Thursday A city-wide clean-up campaign was announced Tuesday by Mayor Albert Graves and P. B. Carrigan, city health physician, in which they ask for co-operation by all residents of Hope. Citizens are asked to place tin cans and other rubbish in containers and place it at thfe curb. The street department, with an additional force, will pick up the rubbish on Thursday, Friday and Saturday of this week. All owners of vacant lots are warned to cut weeds on their property within the next five days in an effort to curb mosquito breeding. A notice of warning to property, owners appears on another page of this issue. Mayor Graves and Dr. Carrigan said they had received many com. plaints recently of mosquitoes. They blamed the condition on -breeding places caused by water standing hi tin cans and uncut weeds. 9 Nations League for United Action in Mediterranean Britsh and French Fleets Pour Strength Into Inland Sea PIRATES,~OLD STORY Here's Associated Press History of Mediterranean Piracy GENEVA, SwitzerlancL-flP}—Envoy* of nine nations signed Tuesday at Nyon an historic document to suppress Mediterranean submarine piracy—with, the vessels of Gredt Britain and Mrs. Jiilin Drrinum. righl. gives a molliri's i'iiilir:u-iiiR love to Mar- irl JJmiiian. aci'ifii'd i.i killing hot man!*'.I Miitnr al Iscliu, N. J. Still Wrangling Over Spa Gaming Attorney Huff Accuses State Police Head, and Vice Versa "LITTLE ROCK.—(fl 5 )—The Arkansas Democrat published Tuesday a letter to Superintendent Gray Albright ol the state police from C. Floyd Huff, Jr., Hot Springs attorney, inviting thai officer to tour alleged gambling establishments at the resort city. Huff charged that up to last Saturday gambling was "wide open" at the Spa, including horse-racing bookie shops and places which played craps roulette, faro and"oth'er giiiiesY" Albright said Tuesday he had no replied to Huffs letter. "The only gambling I know of in Hot. Springs," he said, "is in places where it would be necessary for us to have search and seizure warrants if we were to raid them. "I told Mr. Huff before, if he would get such warrants we would raid those places." A statement issued by the State Police Commission through Albright said last Saturday there was no open gambling in Hot Springs, and charged that statements that there was "are heing maliciously circulated for political purposes." Steel foe Chancellor LITTLE ROCK.—0<P)^Tudge A. P. Steel of Ashdown filed his corrupt practices pledge as a candidate for chancellor of the Sixth district (including Hempstead) Tuesday. Judge Steel is now serving as phan- cellor under an appointment by Governor Bailey to the office left vacant by the death of Chancellor Pratt P. Bacon of Texarkana. France already steaming toward what experts called the greatest naval demonstration of its kind ever planned^ The accord deals solely with the question of piratical attacks in the inland sea, attacks -which the governments of Spain and Russia chargo flatly to Italy. Italy, not a signatory to Tuesday's document, denies the charge just as flatly. By The AP Feature Service The Old Man of the Mediterranean laughed and laughed when he heard that the French and the British were sending warships south to sink those darned pirates. It was an old story to the Old Man —this piracy business. As long as he can remember, pirates have been lurking—off and on—ha rocky lairs along highly important Mediterranean sea trade routes. And most of that tune the powers of the world, including the United States of America, have been sending expeditions to put the rascals to rout, .£ Sktyp^ng Huifauefan'anduitsnaiv aSS/ all such ancient history, the Old Alan Checker Pharmacy Here Closed in Bankruptcy The Checker pharmacy, Second and Main streets, Hope, failed to open its doors Tuesday morning, announcing a petition in federal bankruptcy. MIND Your MANNERS Test your knowledge of correct social usage by answering the following questions, then checking against the authoritative answers below: 1. Is a man supposed to have the dances before and after intermission with his partner? 2. No, unless it is understood that a girl who does not follow perfectly give her suggestion? 3. Should every guest arriving at a dance speak to the chaperons? 4. Should a man tell a girl his plans for the evening when he asks her for a date? 5. Should one use a car horn for a "doorbell." What would you do if— You are a bride-elect wanting to keep your wedding presents straight— (a) List each gift as it arrives, with a description of the present and the name and address of the sender? (b) Trust your memory? (c) Write a thank.you note for each gift as soon as it arrives? Answers 1. Yes, as well as the first and last dances of the evening. 2. No, unless it is understoon that the dance is a. lesson. 3. Yes. 4. Yes. 5. No. Best "What Would You Do" so- lution—fa) unless you receive very few .gifts, then tc) would be all right. (Copyright 1937, NEA Service, Inc.) A Name For It Though they don't loot ships or walk their victims off gangplanks like the freeboters of old, today's attackers of Mediterranean shipping are correctly called pirates. International law, says Webster's dictionary, defines piracy not only as forcible plunder of ships, but as "any felonious act committed on the high seas without lawful authority in the spirit and intention of universal hostility." Something else again is a privateer, a private person or vessel "engaged in martime war under commission from a belligerent state." flips a page to ,the year 1492. That stood for the discovery of America in your school book, but it stands also for the beginning of modern piracy' as a big-time business in the Mediterranean. Moors Get Their Chance In 1492 Ferdinand and Icabelle, who backed Christopher Columbus' well- publicized expedition, also kicked the Moors out of Spain. The Moors had lived a long time in Spain and didn't want to leave. So they did the next best thing; they hung around Spanish shores as pirates, koncking off the peaceful traders and playing the very devil with freight rates. Perfectly respectable African ports like Algiers, Tunis and Tripoli became sinister strongholds where the trade in bloody gold and white women was brisk and profitable. Barbarossa. Top Man Among the first and greatest freebooters that this pirate trade developed were the brothers Barbarossa. Before long bad-acting elder brother Uruj fought himself into an unmarked grave. The younger, tougher—and smarter—brother went right on up. As he captured more and more women, ships and treasure and became king of Algiers, ruler of Tunis and high admiral of the Grand Turk himself, most of the Christian nations tried their hand at wiping him out. The greatest ruler of them all, Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire, spent the early part of the 16th century sending one expedition after another to catch Barbarossa. Malta a Police Base Malta was the stronghold for the Knights of Malta who did their best to scourage the Moslem pirates, along with the rest of the heathen. (Funny thing, but the English who are now leading the charge against submarine "pirates" have one of their most important bases at Malta.) Getting down to the 19th century, the pirates of northern Africa \vera still at it when the United States of America appeared. The United Slates, like some respectable European powers, was paying tribute to Tripoli just to keep her tradesmen out of trouble. In 1810 the pasha wanted to hike the ?83,000 ante and the United States objected. ("Millions for defense, but not one cent for tribute.") Objections led to an expeditionary force and—the loss of the U. S. frigate '•Philadelphia." A New Problem Now Stephen Decatur C'Our Country! May she always be right, but our (Continued on Pa^e Sis)

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