The Cincinnati Enquirer from Cincinnati, Ohio on April 7, 1968 · Page 73
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The Cincinnati Enquirer from Cincinnati, Ohio · Page 73

Cincinnati, Ohio
Issue Date:
Sunday, April 7, 1968
Page 73
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'I Never Regretted It Recalling Life With Shakers tri rT STATE pS BACKGROUND J BY BOB LYNN Of The Enquirer Staff NEW HAVEN. OhiaAii that re Sunday, April 7, 1968 THE CINCINNATI ENQUIRER Newport Question Is There Split In City Commission? as a part of a grand design to knock . him out of a position of strength. The former mayor has been the . spokesman for the Citizens Ticket and therefore the commission since the board took office January 1. Although he does not want to -admit it, Wilson finds himself in an advantageous position. Now on" ' a more independent course, Wilson . can call the shots by casting a , favorable or unfavorable vote. Wilson contends his indepen-; dence is aimed at unity rather than power. He said he hopes his inde- -pendent spirit will allow Sarakatsannis and Bogart an equal say " in city affairs. "We just can't con-, Vi - M i 4J Wi iimth n I -W:4itei....iu Lj&?&m3$mmM$mmmmmm Enquirer (Bob Lvnn) Photoi He points to location 1 rt . mains of the Whitewater Shaker .settlement just north of here is some 15 structures brick buildings, wooden barns, sheds and shops, a cemetery and Sherman D. Smith. Sherman, now 70 and a maintenance man with Whitewater Miami Park, lived with the Shakers from 1907 until 1916, when they left Ohio. "Living with the Shakers was the best thing that could have happened to me," he says. "I never regretted it." The Shakers were divided into three settlements along Oxford Rd. The settlements are now the farms of Lawrence Knollman (south settlement), Walter P. Minges (center settlement) and the Hodapp brothers, Harry, Joe and Fred (north settlement). Each farm has at least one fine brick Shaker building housing a family, plus numerous barns and sheds. When Sherman was placed in the unique religious settlement he was . 10 years old. He and his twin brother, Sheridan, were taken from the Clinton County Home for Orphans where they had been placed two years earlier when their parents, who had eight other children, were unable to care for them. It was the practice of the Shakers to take in orphans to help keep the religious order going. Orphans and converts were the only hope for perpetuation because the Shakers didn't believe in marriage and practiced complete separation of the sexes, believing only in that way could absolute personal purity be achieved. They even entered church through seperate doors, built side by side, and sat divided. They ate on opposite sides of the dining hall, always in silence. THE DIMINUTIVE Smith (five feet five inches, 125 pounds) says, "They sure knew how to raise children. You learned to respect your elders." He learned this when he once answered "sister" (the women were called sisters, the men called brothers) with "what" after not understanding a request. A slap across the cheek reminded him that young boys always answer with "mam." "They were strict, but kind," he says. "That was the only time I was hit. Usually when we misbehaved we were made to stand in a closet." When Sherman and his twin brother arrived at the settlement, which was founded in 1827, the Shakers had been reduced to only a fraction of their one-time population, During the 1850s they numbered nearly 400. The few south settlement residents had already abandoned that land,' merging with the other two settlements. The central settlement, where the twins were placed, had only seven other children and nine adults. The north settlement was down to 10 children and 12 adults. Nationally, the Shakers reached a peak of from 10,000 to 15,000 during the 1850's. They settled in New England, New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Kentucky and Indiana. Their decline began after the Civil War. Today only 16 remain. All old women, they live in two settlements in Maine and New Hampshire. They were called Shakers (a name they first objected to, but later used with pride) because of a rythmic, shuffling dance they performed during religious ceremonies. THEY WERE DEVOUT, quiet, efficient, progressive (leaders in SOME SHAKERS were referred to as "father" or "mother" to give a grave family feeling. Here is George of hather Rubish. BY JAMES OTT Enquirer Kentucky Editor Is there a split in the Newport City Commission? No one was really sure last week. Perhaps the best advice came from a long-time Newport watcher. "Wait until something big comes up," he said, "and see how the commission votes and then you'll know if there's a split or not." The facts are these: Commissioner Eddie Wilson, who has been a silent partner in the three-man Citizens Ticket dominated by Commissioner John Pelu-so, broke with the ticket at Monday's commission meeting. Wilson voted against a move by his ticket mates Peluso and Mayor Jack Schmitz. They had planned to transfer the duties of liquor administrator from City Attorney Ben Sampson to City Managar Donald F. Roney. Two weeks earlier Wilson had voted the opposite way. More than that, Wilson announced he would not go along with Peluso and Schmitz on their campaign pledge to reduce city property taxes by 5. Wilson said his three months' experience as commissioner had showed him that the city could ill afford to reduce taxes while employees were underpaid, equipment deteriorated and services went lacking. WILSON'S BREAKAWAY gave Commissioners Charles Sarakatsan-nis and Dave Bogart their first victory in the commission, albeit a negative one. Certainly it was a moral victory for Sarakatsannis and Bogart. They have been largely Ignored by the Citizens Ticket, not even invited to many of the commissioners' caucuses. " Peluso sees Wilson's breakaway WILSON Contends his inde-pendence is aimed at unity, not power. 'Clerks And Jerks9 center settlement, a fire broke out that destroyed four buildings, including the boy dorm were they slept. "When a sister woke me up, the roof our our building was on fire. I could also see one end of the big main building in flames. The fire also burned the nursery and a big carriage shed." Following the fire everyone moved into the huge office building, built in 1855, which today is the home of the Minges family. Although their were no conventional families at the settlement, Sherman says he did have a favorite "sister," who he thought of as a mother. "She darned and patched my brother's and my clothes." He says he can recall some of the old timers telling stories about the time Morgan's Raiders came to the settlements during the Civil War. The Shakers fed John Morgan's army. He had guards placed at every gate to keep his men away from the Shaker property. Several days later a Union troop rode, through in pursuit of the southern terrorists. The Shakers fed them too. BY 1916 THERE was only six Shakers left: They were all elderly. All the other children, Including Sherman's twin brother, had left. Only Sherman remained. The six old people decided to join a settlement of Shakers near New Lebanon, N. Y. They asked Sherman, then WA, to go with them. But like the other young people, he decided to return to the outside world. "I told them I didn't believe in some of their ways, especially not getting married." Sherman, who lives at the concession building in Whitewater Miami Park, was married for the third time last May. "The Shakers understood my decision and helped me to get a job as a farmhand on a nearby farm. My wages were $15 a month. I was pretty homesick, and because of my quiet Shaker ways I didn't mix well at first." He left March 26, 1916. The six elderly Shakers left that fall. He says, "I always think of the Shakers with respect." tinue this feuding and fighting," he said. THE COMMISSIONER claims he . and Peluso "have had areas of disagreement before." He said they always "worked things out" before k a statement for the Citizens Ticket was made. The decision to go independent," Wilson said, was made after a re'-. ; view of city finances within the last two weeks with the City Finance .' Director William Eggemeier. The , "sad state" of finances in the city ', led him to his decision, he said. "In no way," he added, "did Mr, k: Eggemeier influence my decision.",.-. Peluso contends the "old regime". t in Newport, including former Cityt '. Manager Robert L. Sidell, who was' ' ousted by the Citizens Ticket, are : , in league against him. He sees WiK son as playing a part in this political conspiracy. -, City Manager Roney said the so- , called "split" in the commission has been overplayed. He said Wilson ' . is "serious-minded, one who weighs .., the pros and cons" and that the-"split" is a temporary breakaway, on a single item. PELUSO Contends "old regime" in Newport in plot against him. For Medals a helicopter boomed over the com- ; pany position and kicked out a load of supplies, but, it fell in the en- ' emy's area. Then 1st Sgt. Harjo, who had not been on the patrol and was back at camp, got on another helicopter with a nervy crew and flew right into the company position with another load of supplies. Harjo made sure it got to the company this time he got off with it, joining the fight as Bucha kept pitching hand gernades to force the enemy back and give the helicopter more room. The helicopter also brought in two doctors and three more medics and carried out four seriously wounded men. Then, Bucha said, "we spent the ." whole night throwing hand gre- .. V f , 1 - f ' J - front of home in which he lived nine years, where other Shaker buildings once stood. by the Shakers one for men and that practiced separation of sexes. their own' sheep and from their own silk worms. They had their own tannery and shoe shop. They had their own metal foundry. They slaughtered and dressed their own meat. They also had their own lumber mill and grist mill. "But most of this had changed by the time.I got there. They depended more and more on the outside world. They hadn't made furniture for years, and they made money by selling garden seed, brooms and livestock." The Shaker dress was simple. The women wore long dresses, with white kerchiefs around their shoulders, sheer caps indoors and straw bonnets outdoors. The men wore cotton jeans and loose smocks while working, and to church they wore simple shirts, long vests, plain frock coats. In the summer, they wore straw hats, and in the winter, broad brimmed felt or beaver hats. They did not grow beards. The children looked like miniature men and women in their clothes. Their conversation was sprinkled with such words as ya, nay, thou and thine. Sherman says a day with the Shakers started at 5 a. m., with meals at 6 a. m., noon and 6 p. m. The doors were locked at 7 p. m. Except for a two-hour free period during the afternoon, the children were expected to perform chores, starting with those before breakfast. During the winter they attended a public school, but originally the Shakers conducted their own school. ON SUNDAY, everyone stayed in his room, except to attend church, eat meals and do a few chores. Eleven days after Sherman and his brother arrived at the Shaker's tuity to provide satisfactory places and methods for the disposal of rubbish." Poole pointed out that trash dumped along rivers and lakes ultimately ends up in the water as it either rolls in or is carried in during periods of flooding. Mitchell said, "We don't want our people completely swallowed up in their own trash. We don't want to be too critical because our society now demands everything come in individual packages or containers. Our big problem is finding a way to get rid of the container that is left. I think government will have to start providing a place to properly dispose of this, because many people are accumulating trash and simply have no facilities to go to so they are forced to disobey the law. Penalizing people is not the proper approach. The proper way is for government to provide adequate fa SHERMAN SMITH in TWO CHURCH doors were used the other for women in a society scientific farming) and worshipped God by working with their hands. They were famous for their furniture making. They practiced self denial and didn't believe in war, private property, glory of the individual, decoration, disorder, vanity and com-petive industry. "The Shaker society has been called a form of pure Communism," says Sherman. "No private property and all efforts made for the good of the community, not the individual. There were no wages, but the elders (leaders) furnished us with everything we needed, like clothes, medical care, books and such." Spending money was also furnished, but frugality was expected. "They gave us kids one dollar every six months." Each Shaker signed a covenant making his possessions property of the community. A marker in the Shaker cemetery on the Minges farm reads, in part, "Erected by the ' Society of Shakers White Water Village. An order of celibate Christian communists ..." But unlike followers of Marx's Communism, the Shakers believe in God and in Jesus Christ. But they didn't worship Christ as a diety, believing him to be an agent of God. Called the United Society of Believers in Christ's Second Coming, the Shakers had a unique concept of the coming. Believing that men and women were made in the image of God, and also believing in complete equality of the sexes, they taught that, since the first Christ was a man, the second Chirst will be a woman. "AT ONE TIME they were completely self-sustaining," the little maintenance man says. "They made' their own clothes from wool from Hoosier Hustings John Mitchell, State Natural Resources Director, said the present law does prohibit dumping along highways, lakes and streams but It also provides some exceptions. However Mitchell reported that three-fourths of all the dumping his department found was In strict violation of the law. B. A. Poole, Director of Environmental Sanitation in the State Board of Health, believes Indiana's law should be changed to eliminate the exceptions. The law calls for local police officers to enforce it. Poole thinks Natural Resources Conservation Officers should also be given authority to enforce the anti-dumping statute. .. POOLE SAID ALSO, "Ultimately I would hope that we would have a law which outlaws all open dumps throughout the state that are maintained by cities, counties and individuals. I believe this law would need some lead time because we must give local officials an oppor- Ft. Campbell Heroes Due S' t r4 v. v "el Trash Dumps Along Streams, Lakes BY RAYMOND R. COFFEY Chicago Daily News Foreign Service PHUOC VINH, South Vietnam Capt. Paul Bucha's rifle company was initially made up, as the captain put it, mostly of the "clerks and jerks" around Ft. Campbell, Ky. But today Bucha's onetime "clerks and jerks" are a proud bunch w heroes who've been recommended for dozen? nf medals for valor. And the captaiu, 24-yeui o'.d West Pointer from Hinsdal, 111., said he "wouldn't swap any of them" for any other troops in Vietnam. Bucha and his men won their new reputation three weeks ago in a fierce all-night battle south of here during which they were surrounded and under constant attack but during which they killed 84 enemy soldiers. But to really appreciate their performance, the story has to begin late last year at Fort Campbell where two brigades of the famed 101st Airborne Division were preparing to move to Vietnam. Bucha's unit Delta Company, 3d Battalion, 187th Infanty was the last rifle company formed to join the brigades. Bucha, a crew-cut athletic looking soldier, was the first and for a time the only man assigned to ' the company. Then he got himself a tough old first sergeant, Austin Harjo, a Creek Indian from Oklahoma whose family now lives at Clarksville, Tenn., and a few young second lieutenant platoon leaders. THEY STARTED forming and training the company. They had, Bucha said, what was left over after the other units had been organized clerks, cooks, mechanics, artillerymen and other non-infantry types. "They weren't riflemen," says Harjo. Practically the whole company was made up of privates. Even the squad leaders were PFC's a job normally held by a buck sergeant. By the end of October Bucha still had little more than half a company 89 men and training time was running out. In early December Bucha and his company arrived in Vietnam with the rest of the 101st Airborne. And the clerks, Bucha says, "grew up fast." On March 18 the company, with only around 100 men, was pushing through thickly foliaged, hilly terrain south of here when the lead element spotted several enemy soldiers. Bucha ordered his men to "recon by fire," that is keep moving ahead and shoot as they moved. The company had moved perhaps another 75 yards, he said, "when the entire mountain opened up on us." Within minutes about 30 of Bucha's men had been wounded and two killed. He moved his troops back into a small clearing and decided to make a stand. He got his men into a very tight perimeter, about 25 yards by 15 yards. AS THE BATTLE raged on through the night, one of Bucha's medics was wounded more than six times but kept treating the other wounded until an enemy bullet finally killed him. Another wounded medic, Sp.-4 Michael B. Doyle of Indianapolis, Ind., gave himself a shot of morphine to kill the pain and kept working. Another wounded medic, Sp.-4 Gene Des Coteaux of Oroville, Wash., dragged several other wounded men who had been hit in the initial enemy burst back to the company perimeter. With ammunition running low, nades and firing M-79's (a grenade. . launcher)." NOT LONG AFTER daybreak the enemy faded away and then Bucha got one of the most amazing sur- . prises of the battle. One of his platoon leaders, 2d Lt. Jeffrey L. Wishik of Montgomery, Ala., and four other men had been wounded early in the fight and cut off from the company's position. He lay among the enemy all '. night, playing dead and playing it ' so well that a couple of enemy sol- -diers sat on him to eat breakfast. When the battle was over. Wishik was found still alive. ; " ; Bucha, who has been recom-' mended for a major decoration for gallantry, lost 11 men killed an m ' wounded. There wasn't a clerk or jerk among them, and there aren't any among the rest of the men in the company. "Now that they've been under fire, they're better than ever," said Harjo. "Give me my pick of any troops in Vietnam and I'll keep my men," said Bucha. - BY JIM GREEN Enquirer Correspondent Unfortunately when you take a leisurely ride in the country or head for your favorite lake or stream for a hit of fishing you are likely to come across an ugly, smelly pile of trash. A recent spot check by the Indiana Department of Natural Resources found better than 1000 trash dumps along lakes and streams in tlliS Stclt6. Since this was referred to as a windshield check, that Is a survey made in a fairly short length of time as viewed from cars and trucks, It is believed likely there are many more dumping locations. Following the survey the Department of Natural Resources and the State Board of Health joined forces and received backing from a legislative study committee to draw up legislation which will eventually lead to a ban on all open dumping in the state. 7

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