Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on September 13, 1937 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Monday, September 13, 1937
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Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor • Alex. H, Washburh The Constitution—Aged 150 Roads—But We Must Talk THIS Friday. September 17, the Constitution of the United 1 States will be 150 years old. On Page 3 of today's Star you will find a pictorial "strip" which begins the story of the Constitution, and will continue through this week. Personal opinion about government without some knowledge of the facts, is simply the idle wagging of a fool's tongue. Earnest and stuious men a century and a half ago looked over the history of the world, salted down, by their personal experience with tyranny, and drafted a document which they judged would keep this people from meeting the disaster that befell all self-governing nations before them. It is to that document, on its 150th birthday, that we address ourselves. The daily titles give you a hint: 1. (Today) How the Constitutional Convention Was C-illed. 2. Debating the Constitution Behind Closed Doors. 3. The Bill of Rights Follows Ratification. 4. "Due Process" Comes in as Slavery Goes Out. 5.'After 40 Years, Further Liberalization Is Made by the Income Tax and Direct Election of Senators. 0. Women Get the Vote, Prohibition Is Repealed, Lame Ducks Are Potted. XXX Over the week-end there was this Associated Press dispatch: ^ "LITTLE ROCK — (fl') — Highway Director James It. Khyiic said Saturday that all of approximately 4 million dollars worth ot state highway work contracted for during the past 12 months would be completed by spring. "Ot this sum, ^887,814 is being spent nit U. S. highway 82 in south Arkunsns on separate stretches of road between Stamps and Montrosc. This is the largest sum being spent on any single route and marks a major step in giving Hint portion of the state a modern highway system, Khync said." Unquestionably No. 82 is a road de serving all the money that is now being spent on it—but it has no greater claim than No. 29 running from the Louisiana line to Hope, and No. 4 north from here to Nashville. The territory east of Red river has been but modestly served whenever highway funds were dished out. The Hope territory's one great road project in the last decade has been No. 67, apparently charged up to us as a local road although H is actually the greatest single money-maker in the whole system of gasoline-tax supported trunk highways. Furthermore, No. 67 remains the only federally-designated highway in the Hope territory, notwithstand. ing the fact that paved state No. 29 actually carries important tourist traffic from south Texas through Shreveport to the junction here with No. G7. Hope should join hands with towns south anct north of it and approach Shreveport officials for joint action to obtain federal designation o£ Nos. 29 and 4. That is our first move—for until then we would be handicapped by having to ask that the state build a road without federal aid. ®— Oil Man Operates Free Bus Service in Texas NEW LONDON, Texas.— (/I 1 ) —John Lumpkin has started paying the obligations of a vow taken when his ortly son was killed in the school explosion here last March. Lumpkin, an oil company executive, said then he would devote part of his time to serving mankind, particularly children. Carrying out the vow, he bought a 50-pasEenger bus. Driving it himself, he travels through the countryside on Sunday mornings, taking scores of children and their parents to Sunday school and church. The service is free, and he will take them to any church they wish to attend. Prisoner Dies of State Pen Wound Lloyd Jones Succumbs to Bullet Fired Accidentally by Guard PINE BLUFF, Ark. — (/P) — Lloyd Jones, 21, Arkansas convict, died in a hospital Monday of gunshot wounds sustained at Cummins Prison Farm Saturday. Prison officials said Jones, sentenced from Fulton county, was wounded accidentally when a guard's gun was discharged. Sale Certificate on Cotton Is Vital Receipt Must Be Filed With County Agent's Office at Once Instructions have been issued that cotton producers who wish to share in the benefit payments on this year's crop must file their sales certificates or receipts at the county agent's office. These receipts must cover all cotton sold from the 19.')7 crop, and show the date o£ sale; name, and address ot producer; number and gross weight of bales; and signature and address of the buyer, according to C. M. Lamkin, assistant Hcmpslcad county agent. If the cotton has been sold, these sales- certificates are receipts must be filed in this office not later than September 30, 1937. On cotton sold after September 15, receipts must be filed not later than 15 clays after date of stile. 1C cotlon is sold in the seed, the receipts must show the number of pounds of seed cotton and the number of pounds expressed in terms of lint cotton. Receipts for lint cotton sokl for less than a bale must show the pounds of lint. Evidences of sales of cotton may be mailed to the county agent or delivered in person. We have been advised that payments may be made on C5 per cent of the grower's I!).'i7 base production, provided the cotton is .sold prior to July 1, 1938. If funds remain from the appropriation the officials said that a payment will be made on a larger percent- aye of the base. Payments will be made on the diference between 12c a pound and the price of cotton on the ten-spot markets on the date of .sale. District Meeting for Jefferson Life Here A district, conference for southwest Arkansas representatives of the Jefferson Standard Life Insurance company is being held Monday afternoon at Hotel Barlow by E. C. Klinkman, superintendent of agencies, from the lionu' office at Greensboro. N. C., at Wayne E. England of Hope, district manager. { Also attending is Joe Durham, state manager, of Little Ruck, and agents from the various counties. In 11)32, world production of gold was worth more than §450,1)00,000. A Thought We cannon control the evil tongues of others; but a good life enables us to disrej{ard them.— Cato. Hope Star WEATHER. Arkansas—Fair Monday night and Tuesday; warmer in west and north portions. VOLUME 38—NUMBER 287 HOPE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 13, 1937 PRICE 5c COPY PIRATE HUNT BEGINS Flynn Urges End of Borrowing, 'Pay as You Go/ Advice Declares U. S. Policy of Exempting Government Bonds Is Unjust "LET PEOPLE KNOW" Cotton Trade Is Brisker at Ozan Gins Busy at North-County Town, With Much Staple Being Sold The cotton business around Ozan for the past week has been very interesting because the uncertainty of the rise and fall of the prices has kept the farmer equally uncertain about selling, nevertheless, the adage—"A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush," seems to be the dominant opin- on. Saturday night the Temple gin had ginned 181 bales and the Cox Gin 231. jut of the total of the 412 bales approximately 300 bales have been sold, rrices have ranged from 8Mjc to lO'/ac. Thursday was cotton buyers day. tiustling and hurrying thoughout the day they tried to buy all the cotton m the Ozan community and the cvi- lencc was they wished . r or more to juy, here's to the buyers for the farmer cannot soil his cotton until he finds a buyer ready to buy. This week probably will be more exciting, with more bumps and thrills, than last week. The heavy rains have ceased, the weather is ideal, the fiber finer, seed ?18 a ton, and the market—i well, who knows definitely? Such are the exciting moments and job of being one of the thousands of southern, cotton growers who help to make American life possible and worth living. MI « o. Spencer to Visit Banker Convention Hope Man in Arkansas Delegation to Boston Meeting Oct. 11-14 Lloyd Spencer, cashier of First National Bank of Hope and vice president of the Arkansas Bankers association, will be among a large rgoup of Arkansas bankers to attend the annual convention of the American Bankers association at Boston, October 11-14, it was announced over the week-end by Robert E. Wait, secretary of the state group. One delegation will leave Little Rock on a special Missouri Pacific 1 •ullman the afternoon of October 7, going to St. Loui.s, where it will.join a special train carrying bankers from Missouri and Kansas. The Arkansas group will consist of Mr. diul Mi's. Stuart Wilson of Texarkana, Mr. and Mrs. William Nichal of Pine Bluff, B. L. Ross uf Helena, Harvey Hogg of Pine Bluff, B. A. Lynch of Blytheville, Lloyd Spencer of Hope, vice-president of the state association; Mr. and Mrs. Alfred G. Kahn, Elnmctt Morris, James H. Peniek and Mr. Wait, all o£ Little Hock. Mr. Peniek is the association's president. Ban on Banners Sought by Portland Official PORTLAND, Orc~^(.V) — When the city council placed a fee on street banners it thought it would rid the streets of that form of advertising. Instead revenue averaging $2,UUU a year poured into the treasury. But one commissioner still doesn't want banners, even at a profit. He proposes an ordinance prohibiting all except lhn.se advertising charily event 1 ;. Favors LaFollette System of Abolishing All Hidden Taxes What must be done to put government finances in America on a realistic basis? In this last of three articles discussing ALL ABOUT TAXES, John T. Flynn, nctcil uuthor-ccoiiomlst, outlines a progrrni of tax revision that would make everyone tax conscious. By JOHN T. FLYNN (Copyright, 19,'I7, NBA Service, Inc). NEW YORK—There are direct ways to eliminate most of the injustices and to correct the general evils of our present tax system. So far as the state and local taxes are concerned, the job belongs to so great a number of taxing authorities and the problem is so various that there is no use trying to discuss it here. But the federal government would be pble to do something about it without delay. When congress assembles, it could have before it no more important or pressing subject than taxes. The administration, therefore, well might be ready with some comprehensive pro_ posals and a tax bill that is not written in ridiculous haste. First of all we have got to make up our minds that we must raise the money to pay our bills by taxes and not by half taxes and borrowing. It is to be hoped that a first class, man's sized rebellion in congress against further government borrowing will mark the new year. What we spend is a matter to be settled with a full understanding of all the vast social obligations of the government. But what we spend .should raise by taxes and make an end of the dangerous but easy policy of borrowing at the banks—a policy which has loaded us with a debt of 37 billions. Hidden Taxes In the next place the federal government should put an end to all hidden taxes. This would mean abolishing existing liquor and tobacco and cosmetic and other commodity taxes. There may be certain commodity taxes which are defensible Cor social or administrative reasons. For instance some liquor taxes might be permitted to defray the cost of supervising liquor production and, perhaps, to pay part of the expenses which flow from disorders attributable to liquor. But this would be a small sum beside the half a billion now collected. Gasoline taxes might be tolerated in so far ts the sums collected are used for roadbuilding and maintenance, but for no other purpose. There is no reason under heaven why a man should pay taxes for education or for relief or any other governmental purpose, merely because he owns an automobile or runs one in connection with his business. Income Tax There is some excuse for states and localities resorting to commodity and sales taxes because their sources of taxes are limited. States soon find that if they vise income and business taxes, taxpayers and industries move to other states. But the federal government is subject to no such handicaps. However where, for any reason, commodity taxes are imposed, they should be imposed at the retail outlet and collected separately and not included in the purchase price, so that the taxpayer knows precisely what he is paying. Thus, instead of easing ?48 out of a man because he smokes cigarettes and drinks a couple of glasses of beer a day, the ?48 would be levied against his income and paid by him directly to a government agent and not to a tax- ern-keeper, cigar, gvovery or department store. Senator LaFollette has for several years at every session demanded the end of these hidden taxes and resort to an open, visible income tax on every citizen, no matter how small his income. This should be adopted. And along with this should go a reduction in the exemptions. Exempt Bonds Deplored Next, steps should be taken at once to bring to an end the vicious system of tax-exempt bonds. Billions of dollars of property each year thus escape taxes. Along with (his should go immediate steps to extend to all public officials the same tax rates that other citizens pay. There are many reforms needed in our corporation taxes, in our inheritance and excess-profits taxes. But these we need not boter about here. The one great point I am trying to bring out is that, in our effort to run away from taxes, to escape facing taxes squarely, we have run into two terrible fiscal evils—government bor- Stealing Iowa's Tall Corn Title With this stalk of corn, 18 feet, 9%. inches high, George Osborn of Siloam Springs, Ark., not only won the National Tall Corn Sweepstakes at the Iowa State Pair, but changed the locale of "Where the tall corn grows" from Iowa to Arkansas, at least lor this year. Osborn is at right, holding his trophy,, with Iowa's Gov. 'Nelson B. Kraschel standing ot left. * Bailey to Speak at Conference on Rural Education W. E. Phipps and R. E. Short Also to Appear on L. R. Program A NEW DEPARTMENT Rural Education to Be Emphasized at Parley September 25 The Rural Education Department of the Arkansas Education Association is sponsoring a state conference on Rural Education Saturday, September 25, at 10 a. m. at the Marion Hotel in Little Rock. The morning program of the Con-* fcrcnce will be as follows: Lecture on "A Comparison of School Services in Arkansas" by Dr. Roy W. Roberts University of Arkansas and Chiarman of Research Committee of the Department of Rural Education in the A. E. A. Addresses by Honorable Governor Carl E. Bailey; W. E. Phipps, State Commissioner of Education; R. E. Short, President of Arkansas Farm Bureau Federation; and L. C. Sloan, State Master of Grange. • The afternoon program will be de-i voted to panel discussions led by G. C. Floyd, State Department of Education, C. O. Brannen of Agricultural College University of Arkansas and leading school men from various sections of the state. Immediate and ultimate aims and policies of this new department in the Arkansas Education will be formulated in the afternoon session. The presence of every person interested in the improvement of school services in A^ansas is desired.. „ ^The officers and committee chairmen of this department are: A. B. Wetherington, Blevins, President; L. T. Lanier, County Examiner of Sebas- ;ian county, Secretary; Dr. Roy W. Roberts, Fayetteville, Chairman of Research Committee; J. F. Weatherly, Superintendent of Mulberry Schools, Chairman of Legislative Committee; L. C. Hawley, Superintendent of Gould Schools, Chairman of Resolutions Committee; J. L. Watson, Superintendent of Pulaski County Special School District, Chairman of Membership Committee and Program Committee. Justice Black Is Flayed as Kluxer Senators Copeland and Walsh Attack New Supreme court Member NEW YORK— (/P)—Senator Royal S. Copeland, New York Democrat, brought the name of Supreme Court Justice Hugo L. Black into the New York mayorality campaign Monday, referring to new allegations that the former Alabama senator was, and is now again, a member of the Ku Klux Klan, and demanding his resignation "at once" from the supreme court bench. Senator Copelund's, demand was followed by Senator David I. Walsh, Massachusetts Democrat, who said if Justice Black had not resigned "from his alleged life membership" in the klan, he felt the justice was "confirmed by the senate under a misunderstanding and misapprehension," and the presidnt should ask for his resig- naton. (Continued on Page Three! Negro Confesses to Postal Robbery But He Denies Any part in Killing of Lonoke City Marshall TEXARKANA — (/P) — Officers announced Monday that a negro booked as Cuncan Pigue, 24, of Nacogdochcs, Texas, told them he and another man robbed the Lonoke postoffice Saturday night but had no connection with the slaying of City Marshal J. Robert Bennett there. Hope Woman Is Given Post in Civil Service Ruby Myrtle Aylett of Hope is included among the 12 attendants given appointments over the week-end by J. C. Markham of Little Rock, business manager of the State Hospital for Nervous Diseases. All were selected from civil service eligible lists compiled after examinations had been given for the pinions. There nre 8585 mil-s of railways wilhin the boundaries of OliM. Carver r of Her Own Film Career ,,, r ~ /;r; ,^. ,^ -—;-;;'^",,^-?^;'>7;/'T^i«;^?l •'•'••^•^' -J^^-f/^'^ An important role opposite Allan Jones in a new picture, and her first chance to sing before movie microphones mean more than the usual triumph for beautiful Lynne Carver, 'above. For her singing ambitions had to weather strong competition right in her own studio. Nevertheless, it was after a small role in "Maytime," starring Jeanetta•' MacDonald, that Lynne's,, fortunes .^rose, She pulled so many fan letters the studio had to give her^a break. Sam Schooley Is Fined for Crash Found Guilty of Reckless Driving in Railroad Viaduct Smashup Sam Schooley of near Emmet, ar rested August 19 following a crash on Highway 67 near the Missouri Pacific viaduct, was convicted in municipal court Monday on a charge of reckless driving and was fined $25. The original charge against Schooley was f rodriving a motor vehicle while drunk, the charge being reduced to reckless driving to which Schooley pleaded guilty. The case of K. G. McRae, Jr., charged with operating a car while drunk, was continued Monday until September 20. Other court news: Forfeiting $10 cash bonds on drunkenness charges were Ben Hollis, J. L. Hornaday, Robert Lambert, Add Turner, I. F. Russell and Annie Mae Moss, negro woman. Pleading guilty to drunkenness were Truman Downs, Odell Williams, Don Self, C. D. Arnold and McElvine Cooper. All were fined $10. V. E. Butler was fined $10 and $15 on two charges of drunkenness. Walter Sipes was fined $15 on a drunkenness charge. Cases continued on drunkenness charges were against L. W. Lee, Sellus Atkins and Frank Carnes. Mat Hays and Elmore Shaw, negroes, were fined $2.50 and $5 on charges of assault and battery. D. K. Carson and I. B. Elliott, negroes, pleaded guilty to assault and battery and each was fined $2.50. Haywood Willis, negro, pleaded guilty to petit larceny and was fined $25 and sentenced to a day in jail. He was charged with stealing groceries from the store of Ben Mitchell in the amount of $2.55. Assault and battery charges against Ola Mae Garland and Josephine Sutton, negroes, were dismissed. The case of Tom Johnson, held for assault and battery, was continued to September 20. Viola Nelson and Rosie Mae Holyfield were fined $5 each on assault and battery charges, and Minus Holyfield $2.50 for disturbing the peace. LeRoy Webb, negro, was fined $10 on a charge of disturbing the peace. Blanche Blair, negro woman, was fined $50 for carrying a pistol. The fine was suspended duiiixg good behavior. Patmos School to Open September 27 School Faculty Is Announced by Principal Elmer Brown The Patmos school opens on Monday, September 27, with the following faculty members: Grade teachers, Mrs. Homer Reeves, Miss Mary Middlebrooks, Miss Nora Gordon, Miss Ray Mayton, Mrs. Elmer Brown, and Mrs. Paul Hamilton. High school teachers: Mrs. Owen Atkins, Thomas Beck, Paul King and Elmer Brown. The faculty meets "Wednesday, September 22, at 9 a. m. The high school pupils are asked to come Thursday, eptember 23, at 9 a. m. to classify, and the grade school pupils Friday, September 24, at 9 a. m. to receive their books. All children who become 6 years of age on or before November 1, are asked to enroll at the beginning of the school term; otherwise, please do not start until next school year. Although Jupiter is the giant of the sun's family of planets, it never is seen as brilliantly as Venus, because it is much farther from us. The long-distance telephone service between Boston anil New York was inaugurated in February 7, 1S93. MIND Your MANNERS Test your knowledge of correct social usage by answering the following questions, then checking against the authoritative answers below: 1. Is it important that a person applying for a job be neatly dressed? 2. Is a newcomer in an. office expected to make the first move toward friendliness with her fellow workers? ,'i. Should a person in business say "Sure" for "Yes"? •1. Is saleslady or saleswoman the better term? 5. In speaking to a nurse, should one call her "Nurse" or "Miss James"? What would you do if— You arc going to apply for a job to a man with whom you have not m:ide an appointment— lai Toll his .secretary you want to .sue him on personal business? ib) Tell the secretary you would like a five minute interview and say frankly that you w ant to apply for work? (c) Try to get by without telling the secretary you want an interview'.' Answers 1. iVs, and appropriately dressed. •i. No. i'. No! 4. Saleswoman. 5. "Mis* James." Br.it "What Would You Do" so- lution—ib'. (.Copyright 11)37, NEA Service, Inc.) 3 Shreveport Oil Firms Enter State Sultana, Martin and Petroleum Development Co. File Notice LITTLE ROCK—(/P)—Three Shreveport oil prospecting companies, listing a total of $138,326.28 for use in Arkansas, filed notice of entry into the state Monday. The Sultana Drilling company said it would use $104,226.28 of its $147,596.96 assets for oil development in the state. It named A. L. Buford of Texarkana as its resident agent. . F. W. Martin company listed ?34,000 of its $44,899.68 assets for use in Arkansas. R. O. Bridewell of Hope was named resident agent. Petroleum Development said it would use ?100 for handling oil properties. John Newman of Little Rock was named resident agent. t Fleets Mustered by British, French in Mediterranean League Refuses to Unseat Spain, Which Is Accuser of Italy CHINESETALL BACK Dig in on Secondary Defense, Powerful-Fortified 25-Mile Line -' GENEVA, 'Switzerland. — ;^ — The League of Nations rebuffed an attempt to unseat the Spanish government from the assemly Monday at the outset of a tense and closely-guarded session which is to hear the Spanish accusation that Italy is a Mediterranean pir« ate power. While the assembly met, France and Great Britain assembled a mightly fleet to drive the mysterious raiders out of the inland sea. The assembly likewise spiked any Mussolinian hopes that the league would expel Ethiopia—which he conquered—from membership. He right 7 to league membership was not questioned.' Rebels Gain Ground HENDAYE, Franco-Spanish Frontier.— (ff) —The Spanish insurgents Monday broke through hard-fighting government lines in Leon province and advanced six miles toward the government's Disbayan defense positions, Chinese Fall Back SHANGHAI, China — (&)— Under heavy fire of Japanese land and sea batteries the Chinese army abandoned the hotly-fought Kiang • salient nptth,. of Shan(,r.uj Monday and withdrew"all- its forces to a powerfully-fortified second-line defense network at trenches stretching from Shanghai 25 miles northwest. The first group of American refugees fleeing from Shanghai aboard a United States warship were evacuated to Hongkong Monday by the gunboat Sacramento. There were 25 persons in the group. Claim Hospital Bomber HONGKONG, British Crown Colony— (&)—P. V. Thomas, head of the American Seventh Day Adventis mission hospital at Waichow, charged the Japanese Monday with an apparently deliberate bombing of the hospital despite a prominent display of American flags. Thomas, arriving here bringing wounded members of his Chinese staff., said Japanese warplanes bombed the hospital for 15 minutes Monday. 108 Auto Victims During Week-End California Leads State Fatalities for Second Week-End By the Associated Press At least 108 persons were killed in automobile accidents throughout the nation over the week-end. California, wherow 15 were killed in accidents last week-end, again led the parade of death. Fatalities by states were: Arizona 4, Arkansas 2, California 15, Connecticut 1, Florida 1, Georgia 1, Idaho 1, Illionis 6, Ondiana 5, Kansas 2, Kentucky 1, Maine 1, Massachusetts 2, Michigan 10, Minnesota 2, Missouri 5, New Jersey 2, New York 3, North Carolina 4, Ohio 11, Oklahoma 2, Pennsylvania 12, Rhode Island 1, South Carolina 6, Texas 5, Virginia 2, Wisconsin 2. Socialist Attacks Cotton Pay Terms Thomas Says "Subsidized Planters" Pay Labor Too Little MEMPHIS, Tenn. — (ff) — Norman Thomas, Socialist party chieftain, crit- izied Monday the action of Southern farmers in "freezing" the wages of pickers. He referred particularly to Greenville (Miss.) planters' agreement to pay pickers 75 cents a hundred as "evidence of a government subsidy program that pays the planter without protecting his labor." Negro Sentenced to Die for Rape Jury Finds Jesse Amos Guilty of Attack on Girl of 14 TEXARKANA.-OT—A circuit court jury ordered Jesse Amos, 35, negro, sentenced to death Monday on a rape charge in connection with an assault upon a 14-year-old white girl here August 13. Nazis Parade Their New War Planes Squadrons Thunder Overhead as Nazi Party Congress Convenes NURBERG, Germany— (/P)— Squadrons of new fighting planes thundered over the Nazi party congress Monday in a gigantic display of the Reich's reestablished military might Candidates' Petitions Will Be Accepted Now LITTLE ROCK.—(/P)—Secretary of State Hall said Monday he would accept immediately for filing any nominating petitions presented by candidates for state and district offices. Ellis Parker Butler, Humorist, Dies at 67 HOUSATONIC, Mass.— (ff) —Ellis Parker Butler, 67, humorist, author of "Pigs Is Pigs," died Monday. Cotton NEW ORLEANS.— (ff)— October cotton opened Monday at 8.90 and closed at 8.81. Spot cotton closed steady 18 points lower, middling

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