Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on September 11, 1937 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

Hope, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Saturday, September 11, 1937
Page 1
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as Escape Toll of Hidden Taxes • ' v .• • -..'.• •:•',', ..•'••',™. i Av'L-A. 1 .'''- : -'- '.-'• :..•. .'-•'*.•- .>'""' ' ':.'.'.'... •' " . ; -.'*',.,'•'' \ -••',.•:•-',::.' There's a Hidden Tax In Nearly Everything Sold. - By JOHN T. FLYNN (Copyright, 1937, NBA Service, Inc.) NEW YORK.—There is a futile, helpless little person dearly beloved by the politicians, and affectionately referred to as .the forgotten man. But there is # one time when he is not forgotten— that is when the government needs money. But the government is very sweet about it all. It doesn't hit him over the head with an income tax return as it does his rich brother. It eases the tax out of him without his really knowing about it. Seventy per cent of the taxes collected in this country are hidden taxes. The biggest tax collector in the land is the' merchant and the big-payment days arc not income tax days but Saturdays when the American worker and his white collar brothers and their respective wives stream to the stores with the week's wages. Tor instance, when the average tax- free American citizen, glorying in the happy thought that he doesn't make enough to pay an income tax, goes into a bar room to drink a glass of beer, he does not realize that when he lays his ten cents down on the bar three and one-half cents of it is for taxes. If he indulges himself in a couple of Second of Series The real tax ostrich is the average man who thinks he doesn't have to pay taxes because he owns no real estate and is exempftfow in- 1 come tax. The fallacy of this atti- ,tude is graphically set for in a discussion of hidden taxes by John T. Flynn, noted author-economist, In this second of a series of three articles for NEA Service. glasses a day and smokes a pack of twenty cigarettes he will pay seven cents on the beer and six cents on the cigarettes. That's thirteen cents a day and in a year it's around ?45. Corporations Howl, Taxpayer Takes It 'if he has an income of $400 he will pay about $28 in income taxes after he has taken his deductions. He lets go a lusty roar about that, but he never gives one little squeak of protest because of what the federal government takes out of him while he is drinking his beer and smoking his throat medicine. Do you remember the howl of anguish the corporations sent up about a pitiful little $300,000,000 of undistributed profits tax? But do you recall one 4-Year-Old, Lost in Woods, Found Child Missing in Ozark Mountains Is Discovered Alive BERRYVILLE, Ark.-(/P)—Exhausted but happy as she snuggled close to her mother in a hospital, Florence Jackson, 4, told a broken and frequently fantastic story Saturday of her four (lays and four nights wandering lost in some of the wildest woodlands of the Ozark country. Physicians said she apparently suffered no histing ill effects from her experience. Bruises and scratches covered her body, and her feet were sore, but she had only a slight cold. Child Found Alive BERRYVILLE, Ark.—Little Florence Jackson, 4, lost in dense woods of northern Carroll county since last Monday afternoon, was reported found alive by a party of searchers last Friday night. According to word received here about 10 p. m., the child, accompanied by her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Jackson of Chclsa, Okla., was being lirought to Berryville for medical attention. No details were received relative to the circumstances surrounding the finding of the child. Tiie child, her clothing stripped from her body, it was reported, wandered near the farm home of W. G. Goodman, 20 miles north of Berryville and about seven miles from the point where she became lost Monday afternoon. Florence was said to have attracted the attention of Mrs. Goodwin by calling across Indian creek to the Goodwin home. Mrs. Goodwin crossed the creek and rescued the child, taking her to her home. The parents of the child, who steadfastly had refused to believe that their baby was dead, remained in the thick of the search throughout Friday and Friday night. They were with the tot a few moments after it was discovered, reports here indicated. VOLUME 3&-NITMBER 286 . Arkan8d8-~*F<dr and slightly tooter fo rtutfofat and extreme east portions Saturday ntyht; Sunday ftir. , ARKANSAS/SATftTRDAY, SBPTBMBER 11.19a7 PRICE m little peep out of the iluor drinkers over twice that much or from the smokers about almost twice as much? fl,M0-a-Ycar Man Pays 12.3 Per Cent Tax The buyer in the store pays taxes on so many articles that there is no keeping track of them—hundreds of millions on gasoline, on beauty preparations, rouge and powder and soap, on sugar, through tariff duties, and on several hundred other atricles through customs taxes. He pays taxes to the city and the state when he pays his rent. And in the stales and a few cities there arc sales taxes that nick the customers for at least $350,000,000. What does all this amount to in the case of the average man? How much of his earnings does he hand over to the federal, state and local authorities in taxes? The Twentieth Century Fund has made a study of such tax payments. Its findings are, to say the least, startling. It reports that u> wage earner in New York, for example, earning $1,000, pays ?123, which is 12.3 per cent; that a salaried worker earning $2,000 pays $238; a salaried man earning $5,000 pays $618. The average merchant in New York state earning $5,000 pays $1645 in taxes, but he is enabled to shift about half of this to his customers by including the taxes in the price of his goods. But there are cases where a salaried worker earning a thousand .or two thousand dollars pay a shigh as 18 per cent., A man earning a hundred thousand dollar salary may pay as high as 60 per cent. But from the point of view of the tax gatherer there are not enough men earning such salaries to make up much money for the goevrn- ments. Taxes Multiplied in Retail Sales As a matter of fact most of these indirect taxes impose a burden on the taxpayer out of proportion to the money which the government gets in cash. Take, for instance, the example of beer. A full barrel of beer sells for $15. The brewer gels $9 for himself and $6 for the government. The tax is pai dby the brewer in utrn collected from the tavern-keeper. The tavern- keeper collects this tax from the beer drinker one glass at u time. , Now, as you probably know, every merchant fixes the price on. the basis of what he pays for his merchandise. In fixing the price he takes the amount he pays for the article and adds what is called a mark-up. Let us suppose he figures on adding 100 per cent to cover cost of operation and profit. Now if he paid $9 for a barrel of beer, he would expect to sell the beer for $18. But as lie pays $15 for it lie expects to sell it for $30. The net result is that the customer pays not only the ?6 tux which the government gets but a large additional sum besides. The beer drinking public is out $30 on that barrel of beer instead of $18. The number of billions paid by American customers in this way cannot be calculated. It is gigantic. This is one of the bad fruits of a bad system of taxes. Hope 18-Pound Weight Advantage Leaves Contest Unequal Played in Fierce Summer Heat, Game Takes 2 Hours 40 Minutes BRIGHT TALLIES 4 Leonard Bearden Makes 2 Touchdowns and Joe Eason Scores One ft : -ft-\ i!r & & . . • ft & ats Horatio 48 to 0 NEXT: The prospects for an effective program of taxation. Saunders Expands Electric Grocery His "Keedozle" Grocery System Will Invade Chicago Next MEMPHIS, Tenn. - (IP) - Clarance Saunders' recent boast that his "Kee- doozle," new electrically-operated grocery store, would make him 10 times richer than ever before, was followed by the announcement Saturday he is ready to begin a nation-wide expansion program. Saunders declined to reveal the name of his associates at Chicago where lie said the next "Keedoozle" store would be located. By LEONARD ELLIS The Hope High School football team ran up a 48-to-O score over the Horatio High School Lions in the season's first gridiron game here Friday night before approximately 2,500 sweltering fans. The game required two hours and 40 minutes. The visiting team, completely outclassed, failed to penetrate the 50- yard line. The Bobcats rolled up 19 first downs -to 3 for Horatio. Vasco Bright, Hope quarterback, led ihe scoring with four touchdowns. Leonard Bearden, halfback, made two and Fullback Joe Eason registered one. Bright's 65 yard-run on the first play after the opening kickoff furnished the crowd with the biggest thrill of the night. Bright started on an end run to his right, cut back into an open field and outran the Horatio team for the season's first score. Woodrow Parsons kicked goal for extra point. Scoring Consistently That was all of the scoring in the first period. -The,.Bobcats made ' 14 point* in the second quarter, 14 in the third quarter and 13 in the final quarter. All attempted points after touchdown were made with the exception of one. W. Parsons kicked four, Reese and Ramsey caught passes for two points, a line plunge failed. The Bobcats, holding a weight advantage of nearly 18 pounds to the man, soon wore down their opponents. Coach Hammons used about 25 players, the second and third string seeing much of the third and fourth quarters. Alvin E. Bell of Little Rock, Southwest Conference official, refcreed the game. Hope was penali/ed six times for a loss of 30 yards. The Horatio team was assessed seven penalties for a loss of 75 yards. The first game of the season brought scouts here from several teams the Bobcats will meet later in the season, including the two coaches from Byrd High School of Shreveport and most of the Byrd team. Scouts also were here from Camden and DeQueen. Bciiloa Is Next Hope will play Benton High School hero next Friday night and Byrd High of Shreveport the following Friday night. The starting lineups: HOPE HORATIO Ramsey (180) Sargeant (160) Left En<> Quimby (185) Glasgow (165) Left Tackle Keith (170) Williams (152) Left Guard Carson (155) Peck (157) Center Wilson (175) Horn (155) Right Guard Stone (205) Poole (178) Right Tackle Reese (165) Nickelson (152) Right End Bright (155) Milwce (138) Quarterback W. Parsons (170) Burns (146) Right Half Aslin (160) Janes (140) Left Half Eason (180) Griffin (155) Fullback Officials—Alvin Bell, referee (Van- dcrbill); Carl Ralyrmple, umpire (Henderson State Teachers); Burl Thompson, headlinesman, (U. of A.); Earl O'Neal, timekeeper (Hendrix). Go Native, Young Man —Uncle Sam's for It WASHINGTON^?}—There arc now 67 areas in the country where the man who's tired of it all can go native. No reminders of civilization—not even a road—are permitted in the areas by the National Forest service which is preserving these "samples" of the country to show future generations how it looked originally. Vacationers in these primitive parks just walk in with knapsacks on their backs, and return presumably, with songs in their hearts. Angered at Cook, Cafe Owner Is Stricken Dead SPOKANE, Wash. — (If) — William Falhaber, 68, cafe owner, died of rage because his cook insisted on drinking coffee from the saucer, Deputy Coroner T. C. Barnhart said Friday. The cook dashed into police headquarters Thursday night. Frantically he told officers his employer—"awful mad" because he wouldn't keep his spoon in the cup and preferred to saucer his coffee—had grabbed a shot- ami and chased him from the restaurant. Police found Falhaber dead behind the counter, still gripping the gun. Barnhart said his anger caused heart failure. Fleeing Shanghai With Children . .. . . , . . His two small children and some "of his' household goods dangled from the yoke across this Chinese coolie's shoulders as he fled out of the Shanghai war zone. The'child in the basket on the right kept hidden most of the time arid raised'his h*bd only for an instant to take a look at the photographer. Pre-1 to Open Tuesday Free Examination for New pupils, at City Hall ' at 9 a.m. ' The annual pre-school clinic' sponsored by the Parent-Teacher association of Hope will be held at 9 a. m. Tuesday at Hope city hall. All children entering Hope schools for the fall session will be given a free physical examination. Mrs. Flora Cotton Slater, county health nurse, will be in charge of examinations. A committee of P. T. A. workers will assist in giving the examinations. A Thought To live is not to live for one's self alone; let us help one another. --Memmder. Ancient Bison Is Found Intact in Frozen Creek FAIRBANKS, Alaska.— (ff) -Unlike fossil remains, which ordinarily consist only of bones, a baby bison of the pleistocene age has been discovered near here by workers under the University of Alaska. Much of the flesh structure of the ancient animal is intact. It was preserved in the frozen muck of a creek bed. Chism Is Reported Slightly Improved But Hospital Holds Little Hope for Belton Man's Recovery A slight improvement was noted at Julia Chester hospital Saturday morning in the condition of Doug Chism, 25- year-old Belton man who was injured at 3 p. m. Thursday in a truck accident eight miles north of Hope on the Blevins highway. Despite the slight change for the better, a physician said there was little hope for his recovery. Chism has been unconscious since he was brought to the hospital. He is suffering from an extensive brain injury caused by a skull fracture; a broken right leg and abrasions about the body. J. D. Hampton of McCaskill is held on three charges as the result of the accident, drunkenness, driving a motor vehicle while drunk and reckless driving. Officers said that a truck driven by Hampton struck Chism when the latter stopped along the roadside en route to Hope. The Hampton truck was headed north toward Blveins. IT'S A Ofacketl /CLAUDE STUART HAMMOCK ' An expose of the clever tchemei that swindle 'th* American people out of millions of dollar* yearly. No, 27. Expensive Overhead Ken Martley and his wife were very proud of their modest suburban home, even though the general upkeep was more than they could well afford. Just before Ken was to start on a trip for his employer, he and his wife were discussing repairs. ® -- ^ — "Yes, deal'," said Nell, "I realize how such things cost, and I know we can't do everything this summer. But some things must be done." "Thai's right, Nell," Ken replied. "The entrance to the garage is one thing that must be fixed before winter." "And the ceiling in the spare room," Nell reminded him. "That will have to wail until the roof is repaired." "What we need moat of all," said Nell, "is a new roof." "Yes — if we had the money. But wait until I get back from this trip aiid we'll talk it over. We simply can't afford it the way things are now." Ken had been gone only a day or so when a stranger called, saying that he had come to discuss a new roof with Mr. Martley. "Mr. Martley is away," said Nell. "But suppose you tell me about it." "Very well," said the caller. "My name is Skiver, of the Skiver Construction Company. We specialise in what is called 'Eternal' roofing. We know when all the houses in this sec- lion were built, and many' of them must need new roofing." "We've had ours repaired a number of times," said Nell, "but it still leaks whenever there is a heavy storm." "It always will," said Skiver, "until the old stuff is removed and a new roof put on." He then explained the many advantages of 'Eternal' roofing, going into many details that meant little to Nell. "But isn't it terribly expensive?" she askd. "It does cost a bit more than ordinary roofing," Skiver admitted. "But it's fireproof, waterproof and is guaranteed for ten years!" "Well," saiad Nell, "I'm glad to know about it. When my husband comes home I'll talk it over with him, and he'll probably call you. He'll be back in about three weeks." "Mrs. Martley, if you'll let me do this roof right away, we'll have it all done when your husband returns. And I'll arrange it so that the job will not cost you a cent!" "Why, how could you do that?" Nell asked. Skiver explained the plan. He was Starting an intensive roofing campaign (Continued on Page Three) 12-Millioh Barge Line Operated by Federal Authority B|ut Line Has Saved Shippers 26 Million in Freight Charges RAILROADS O EJECT Federal Barges, However, Have Paid Own Way on Operations EDITOR'S NOTE: This to the third of five columns on the federal government in rapidly-Increasing "big business." By WILLIS THORNTON NEA Service Staff Correspondent WASHINGTON-Many people-will remember that the entire railroad system of the country became "public business" during a period of the World war, and that-the government came within an ace of taking it over on a permanent basis when the war was over. , But not so many will remember that the government embarked at that time on a transportation.system of its own, which is still operating, still'the subject of controversy as it was then, and today a tremendous factor in the transportation system of the country. This is the Inland Waterways Corporation, familiarly known as the Federal Barge Lines. Lastly ear it operated water-transportation lines, on the Mississippi, Missouri, Dlinois, am Warrior River systems. It operates the barges and' terminals, and even runs a railroad connecting the Warrior River system with the Birmingham steel district. U. S. Went Into Btulnets Ever since the government was first established, it has poured millions ol dollars into widening, deepening, and keeping open the rivers for transport Nobody ever objected to this except an occasional taxpayer, but it was not until 1918 that the logical step was taken. The way to see to it that some good came out of the millions spent in building waterways was to operate boats on them, and so the government went into the internal waterway shipping business. The corporation was formed, and Congress directed the War Department to carry on this shipping enterprise "in the same manner, and to the same extent, as if such transportation facilities were privately owned and operated." Stock to the amount of ?12,000,000 was issued and sold to the treasury, which holds it. An additional $3,000,000 has been appropriated to buy more stock, and this has been available since 1932. But, reports Gen. T. Q. Ashburn, the very able head of the Federal Barge Line, "It is apparent that the corporation will never need it," and he recommends that it be turned back to the general funds of the treasury. Say Competition Unfair Proposals are now being made to extend the barge line service to the Savannah and Columbia rivers, which General Ashburn believes can be done without costing the taxpayers another cent, by financing the extension from the reserve funds of the corporation. All tills is, of course, highly displeasing to the railroads, who are being helped by various other federal agencies at the same time this federal agency is clipping their potential revenues. "It has cost the taxpayers $46,000,000," the Association of Railway Executives complained a few years ago, stressing the fact that the barge line, free of heavy taxes and burdensome regulations, is a most unfair- competitor of hard-pressed railroads. .But on the other hand, in the current report of the IWC, a saving of $2,050,800 to the public is claimed for 1935 as "the difference between charges paid on traffic routed via the barge lines an dwhat the charges would have been if the traffic had moved by rail." Such savings have been more than $26,000,000 since 1924, the barge people claim. The current report claims a "consolidated net profit of $539,552.47 for 1936, in a season plagued by floods and drouths, and is cited as "indisputable proof of the success of water transportation." It's Just One Item In this case, as in most of the others where the government is functioning in the "business field," it is perfectly useless to try to determine whether the enterprise is "standing on its own legs" or not as government ownership people and private enterprise people use two different languages, let alone two sets of bookkeeping. For instance, the railroads always want to charge up to the barge line all the costs of river improvements. General Ashbum asks: "to what would (Continued on Page Three) Blue Nebon Family Lay Claim to Cotton Picking Record Here Blue Nelson and family, negro cotton pickers, are claiming a record for Hempstead county. Blue was in The Star office Saturday morning to report that his family of six picked 6,575 pounds from'Monday morning to Friday noon. " Blue is picking for Frank Rowe, renter on the Ralph Routon farm five miles west of Hope. Blue says his oldest girl "won't be 16 until the 17th of this month, the next five run from 14 on back— and I got the best working bunch in the world." So says Blue—and The Star presents it just as Blue told it. Japs Move Up on Chinese 2 Miles Chinese Check Invaders al One Point, Rush Reinforcements By the Awoetated Press • The Japanese advanced two miles in a major attack on the Chinese positions north of Shanghai,Saturday. The Chniese repulsed the invaderi in hand-to-hand fighting at Yonghong, one point along the line of attack. ' Chinese rushed up • reinforcements to bolster their line. ' , ,„ On the North! China front the Japanese announced the -fail-of 'Ma'chan^r 30 miles south of Tientsin, after a 24- hour battle. The Japanese planned to send three special envoys to win support for the Japanese cause in the United States, France and Great Britain. In the midst of war preparations Japan' suffered heavy damage from a typhoon and tidal wave. A "Jittery" World HYDE PARK, N. Y.-^J- Roosevelt said Saturday the Far Eastern and Mediterranean situation had people jittery all over the world, and rightly so. He refrained from discussing American policy. Enforce Parking Laws With Aid of Peanut* MILWAUKEE, Wi*-fc<P)—Milwaukee police have been trapping parking violators with peanuts. They used to mark the tires with chalk but then motorists got wise anc rubbed out the tell-tale signs. A police sergeant instructed his men to buy bags of peanuts. After chalking the wheels as of old an officer tucked a peanut in front of each front wheel and behind the rear wheels. If the peanuts were whole when he returned the officer knew the car had overstayed its legal parking time regardless of what hqd happened to the chalk marks. Police said the plan had worked. MIND Your MANNERS Test your knowledge of correct social usage by answering the following questions, then checking against the authoritative answers below: 1. Should a .guest refuse food offered him? 2. Should butter be r5ut on potatoes with a knife? 3. May a person drinking from a bouillon cup hold both handles? 4. When a knife is not being used may the handle rest on the table? 5. May a person say "No" in refushing a second serving offered by a servant? What would you do if— You are a hostess and a guest ruins a pair of hose on one of your chairt— (a) Say that you are sorry, and afterwards see that the, rough place on the chair fixed? (b) Buy the guest a new of hose? (c) Let .the guest know ry you are by repes erence to the incic Answers 1. It is more courteoi a small portion the fij offered. 2. No, with a forj| 3. Yes, or he by one handle. 4. No. 5. "No tharvk yj out way to refu Best "What, lution—(a). JL^^^^^^__ (Copyright 4^^^^^ff, Inc.) Gray,Ba Enters S asa'G Hits Both Bail Vy , eras Being Na; Misso " DEMOCRATIC All Three Candid; Men High in Arkii Party: * LITTLE ocratic candidate for States Senate seat of the lite" inson entered the lute S Thornesberry A. Gray filed his corrupt practice*; the secretary of stated '' The pledge was filed nary to seeking a / election ballot which the names of Governor Congressman'Milelr. ' -- ' All three are members, of cratic party which broke" the method of nominating; successor. • *\'" Gray said 'he wouli Bailey and Miller Democrat." • /• t^, „ ^, „ $, , t> - T He referred to the fart thitsboth governor'and the confresBmiiiv r ire< tives of Missouri' and aaid'; needs a man from Arkansas. •;# Loreco Opened&i«f § Hempstead County Moto? Co. Extends Show and ; Stock Rooms '£-' ^ Hempstead County Motor company** lif Loreco Service station, Third and" Walnut streets, held its formal opening Saturday. v , _ ' The station has been remodeled,to include larger show and stock > rooms, Max Cox, manager, said the station: would handle a complete line 'of LAM reco products including Acme'tires. -. Personnel of the station: Wallac* Monroe, day station attendant; Ben 1 Waller, night station attendant; O. D. Davis, service manager and bookkeeper; Alvin Wiesner, Buick and Poniao salesman; F. M. Horton, Buick-Pontiac salesman; Edward Bradford, chid porter. > Dixie Daredevils to Perform Sunday Automobile and Airplane Stunt Show at Municipal Airport The Dixie Daredevil Aces, an automobile and airplane stunt organization, will present the first act of its show at 4 p. m. Saturday with a blindfold drive in an automobile featuring Captain (Happy) Harris. The blindfold drive will begin from the Hempstead County Motoptcom.- pany, East Third street. The)"" be through the business town. At 2 p. m. Sunday aij airplane stunts will municipal airport, stunts will be give of U turns at hig spins, side hu left side. Act five of tbjBMB^iB^iBnr ca for a 40-footJ^^^^I^H^ved by 'leaping tfJ|^H^^Hpdfolded." These stiqg|^B^^^H(ptain Harris. The jfl^Hj^H^^neatures Lieu- tenan^^^^H^^MEirkins, veteran piiojH^^^^^^KPiers, Their acts FjJUtting, crazy fly- a fly, acrobatic ily-. iunt exhibition, tug, new Pontiac automo- mimic bombing of j-car ad a parachute jump, i be four planes at the air- is a passenger ship. Tickets obtained from the Hope F, nent, sponsors of the show. is estimated that an acre of adowland will contain on the averse about 15,000,000 insects. Cotton "NEW ORLEANS.—WP)—October cotton opened Saturday at 9.01 and closed at 8.96. Spot cotton closed steady six lower, middling 9.Q6i

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