The Cincinnati Enquirer from Cincinnati, Ohio on December 14, 1969 · Page 163
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The Cincinnati Enquirer from Cincinnati, Ohio · Page 163

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Cincinnati, Ohio
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Sunday, December 14, 1969
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Page 163
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IN ASA Trains New Crew For Apollo 13 BY FRANK MACOMBER Copley News Service Even before the Apollo 12 astronauts have had a chance to tell space agency officials the whole story of their flight to the Moon, it's a new ball game at NASA's Manned Spacecraft center. Houston. Apollo 13, while still more than three months away, nevertheless already Is a major activity at the center. Its three-man crew headed by Navy Capt. james A. Lovell Jr. is training for a March 12 liftoff toward the Moon. Apollo 13 will be marked by a greater emphasis on scientific exploration than either Apollo ll or 12. National Aeronautics and Space Administration officials are pretty well convinced, after Astronaut Charles Conrad's smooth and accurate landing of the Apollo 12 Intrepid, that more attention now can be given to scientific ventures and less to engineering. THIS IS what space scientists have been demanding all along. The were encouraged recently when NASA Director Thomas 0. Paine said that the success of Apollo 12 means some of the 13 remaining astronaut-scientists likely will get the nod for Apollo missions late In 1970. So far none has flown In space, though scientists have insisted geologists should be sent to the Moon to get full value from Apollo missions. 'There still remain two questions to be answered for Apollo 13, and these must come soon for planning purposes. Will Apollo 13 astronauts land in the rugged Fra Mauro formation along the western equator of the Moon, or near the Crater Hyginus, with its sinuous 6.2-mile rllle whose most prominent feature Is a great cleft pocked by chain craters? APOLLO 12'S pinpoint landing virtually clinched the selection for the Fra Mauro region. But the final decision must await further questioning of Conrad when he emerges from quarantine plus studies of light and shadow extremes at the time when Apollo 13 would be approachng Fra Mauro. Will the Apollo 13 crew use a "ricksha" on the lunar surface during explorations? NASA officials, who often select strange - sounding names for space equipment, call It a "modularized equipment transfer system." The astronauts have dubbed the vehicle a "ricksha," quite naturally, because it is a small, two-wheeled car that can either be pulled or pushed along the Moon's surface. The Apollo 13 crew could use it to carry new experiments from the lunar lander . to their emplace- J ment sites and to return ! more rock and soil samples J to the lander. MOST NASA scientists favor the Fra Mauro land-In gsite over the Crater Hyginus. They hope Lovell and Fred W. Haise, a civil-1 ' ian astronaut assigned to t land with him, will be able to gather core samplings of i the heavy blanket covering the Fra Mauro area. The blanket is believed to be i material tossed up eons ago I from deep within the moon's interior by the impact of giant meteors. Thus it might provide a clue as J w me texture ana maxeup of materials near the moon's core, scientists; claim. "If the Fra Mauro site is; selected, the Crater Hyginus ' would be relegated to Apollo 19, the next-to-last I scneauied Apoiio moon mission. (In the final analy-1 sis, it will be up to Congress,' whether the final six mis-; sions, after Apollo 14, will .be flown, for it must ap- propriate additional millions if they are to receive a "go.") Lovell and Haise, who likely will remain on the Moon longer than the Apollo 12 astronauts didt will have the most comfort- able sleeping accommoda-j, tions of any Moon-men so far. They will carry ham-? mocks and blankets to the. lunar surface. I . The Apollo 11 crew tried, to rest and sleep either lying on the lunar lander floor or slumped against a bulkhead, but complained, of discomfort. The Apollo' ,12 crew had hammocks but. no blankets and slept fii .fully. While they are on the Moon, Navy Cmdr. Thomas, K. Mattingly will pilot the Apollo 13 command craft lX. lunar orbit. Haise, a former NASA test pilot, and Mattingly, are space rookies, Lovell, however, is an old hand. He orbited the earth, for 14 days in Gemini 12 and was on the Apollo 8 crew which orbited the Moon at Christmas time last year. ' V, Sears LrlljLulSJJ vr wdiyjUi Li -n o Off ! Mttii ft! .'-i.nl ri I hw Mwp V V I ' V 1 ,. -m- Kenmore 2-Speed Select vigorous action for regular clothes or gentle action for delicate fabrics for proper washday care Washes, rinses, spin-dries and shuts itself off Built-in lint filter works full time Six-vane agitator loosens stubborn dirt Safety feature: spin-action stops when lid is raised dashers.' "ft 4 No Trade-in Required MONDAY & TUESDAY ONLY Kenmore Dryers with 2 Temperatures Use "Heat" setting for drying normal fabrics, and "Air Only" for fluffing clothes. Open dryer door, tumble action stops. I.int screen. Load-A-Door makes handy shelf. Gas Dryer. 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