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The Cincinnati Enquirer from Cincinnati, Ohio • Page 1
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The Cincinnati Enquirer from Cincinnati, Ohio • Page 1

Cincinnati, Ohio
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TNT" TNT- A H- TT ENQUIRER KENTUCKY EDITION rrxTTn: 121st YEAR M). 27 DAILY SATURDAY MORIS LG, MAY 6, 1961 PRICE 7 CENTS resident Wants peecHJp 4 Shepard's Trip (A-Okay'AIl The Way THE CINCI Space Scientists Are Elated At Astronaut's Success CAPE CANAVERAL, May 5 (HTNS) It was "A-Okay" all the way, in the language of space scientists, and the track was opened for perhaps two more astronauts to take up-and-down flights aboard a Redstone rocket. That's the government's plan, now that Astronaut Alan Bartlett Shepard Jr. has proved the Mercury system can fly a man okay across the sky. Proud Of Flight But Says More Money Needed BY DOUGLAS B. CORNELL WASHINGTON, May 5 UP President Kennedy publicly and proudly rejoiced today at America's launching of a man into space. But he tempered elation with word that more money must be poured into redoubled efforts to explore space. Minutes after Navy Cmdr. Alan B. Shepard, returned from flashing 115 miles into the skies. Kennedy issued a statement saying, "All America rejoices in thii successful flight" but it also should provide an incentive for redoubled efforts "in this vital field." Then at a later news con- At the same time, the Mercury project has been tooling up a giant Atlas rocket to take an empty capsule into a round-the-world flight If that proves safe, a chimpanzee will follow. And after the chimp, a man, perhaps not until 1962. Nevertheless, as the blockhouse jargon came over the loudspeakers today "all go, all systems go, all green, A-Okay" Indicating everything working perfectlyAmerica knew that the 37-year-old Navy commander had put this nation back In the space race. TRUE, the Mercury program has a long way to go to put a man Into an orbit around the earth to match the feat of Soviet Air Force MaJ. Yuri Gagarin, who sped across the black heavens at 17.000 miles an hour. Where are we now in race for space? Editorial on Page 4. Related stories, photos on Pages 2-3-11. True. Astronaut Shep-ard's flight took only 15 minutes from lift-off to splash, 302 miles down range at a top speed of 5,100 miles an hour, and it is true that his 115 mile peak altitude was below Gagarin's 180 miles. But for America, the leap into space meant the Mercury capsule system can do its job. It can bring its human cargo back alive. It can operate to almost lOOo perfection. It is ready to go around the world. "We may look back on this as the Model of the Space Age," Shepard said later, his feet safely on Grand Bahama Island, "But far fw v.icr-A! II 4 --w -kT' Jl W. Astronaut Plucked From Sea After Fast Ride the capsule were taken aboard a carrier following the historic space trip shot from Cape Canaveral, Fla. AP Wirephoto. Cmdr. Alan B. Shepard dangles in the harness of a helicopter that plucked him from his space capsule yesterday in the Atlantic Ocean. Both the astronaut and Letting The World Watch Impresses Man On Street at this moment it seems a tremendous event." AT TIIE SAME TIME, the nation recouped some of Its engineering prestige by allowing the whole world to look over its shoulder as the white button was pressed, as the fire lighted in the tail, as the rocket lifted off, as the capsule completed its flight and set down under an orange canopy. This was no secret flight, launched in secret from a secret base with a secret rocket and secret space ship. And a whole nation a whole world could sigh with Shepard as he told the helicopter pilot who plucked him from the ocean: "It's a beautiful day! What a ride!" Yet, by exposing this rocket launching to the greatest possible view, the United States took a huge gamble, of the kind that only an open society seems to be able to take. Had disaster overtaken the 37 -year -old father of two little girls, world condemnation would have showered down on the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, on the government and on the country. The risk was great. Instead success has altered thl'tnood. And the world could watch the success at every stage. Nevertheless, the path to orbital flight is not easy and by no means assured. This was recognized by President Kennedy in his special message to Shepard. While the President and Mercury officials said important scientific data came from the flight of Freedom Seven name of the capsulethe main result was a test of engineering systems. Dr. Hugh L. Dryden, deputy administrator of the nation's space program, told a press briefing he did not wish to emphasize unduly the scientific product, although reactions of the astronaut did provide information. Principally, he said, the flight of Freedom 7 helped develop devices for manned flight in space. Dr. Wernher Von Braun, chief of the Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, who watched the launch the blockhouse, said he looked forward to sending whole crews of spacemen Into orbit aboard the giant Saturn rocket before the end of 1964, or even early 1965. When Shepard and his capsule came back into the atmosphere and began to decelerate, the force upon him Increased to a peak of 12 times gravity. He carried a load at that moment of more than a ton. If you could see inside his chest, you would find his heart pushing into his back, his lungs flattened; his eyes were being pushed back Into his head, his cheeks, flaccid and drawn, pulled back toward his ears. Yet he could speak and work. "Okay okay okay okay He grunted because of thr strain. It was hard but he could do it. Didn't Do It First, Bui We Did It Right By The Associated Press Here's what they said about America's first space flight: Spaceman Alan B. Shepard Jr. "Boy, what a ride!" Mrs. Shepard, his wife "Wonderful, wonderful, wonderful." President Kennedy, in a statement "This is an historic milestone in our own exploration Into space." Kennedy (by radio-telephone to Shepard) "I want to congratulate you We watched you on TV, of course, and we are awfully pleased and proud of what you did." Army Capt. Jerry Strong, a doctor who examined Shepard after the landing "Excellent physical condition fine spirits there is nothing we can determine that is in any way abnormal after the flight." Lt. Col. (Ret.) Alan B. Shepard, the astronaut's father "We are all very happy We are happy, too, for the thousands of technicians and so many others who worked so hard and so long to make this a success." Mrs. Alan B. Shepard, the astronaut's mother "When we heard 'All then our arms went up and around each other." Leonard J. Carter, secretary of the British Interplanetary Society "The Americans had the right way of doing it Unlike the Russians, they allowed us all to take part in the fantastic adventure." Spaceman Likely To Be Here May 18 Chances seemed good last night that America's first astronaut would be In Cincinnati May 18 to speak at annual awards dinner of the Southwestern Section, Ohio Science Education Association at Xavicr University Armory. A. F. Forancc. science teacher at Sharonvllle and state president of the association, told The Enquirer he obtained a commitment from the Department of Defense in October, 1959, to have the nation's first spaceman come here to talk to science students. The top speaker already scheduled is Dr. Polykarp Kusch, head of the physics department at Columbia University and 1955 Joint-winner of the Nobel award in physics. Forance said he is waiting for confirmation that Comdr. B. Shepard Jr. would come here to speak to top science students of 131 junior and senior high schools In the eight-county Southwestern Ohio section. some progress in the talks before long. He said he had asked Dean to report "within a reasonable time on the prospects for a constructive outcome." INTER NATIONAL PICTURE Kennedy said that in general "we have grounds for encouragement" in improvement of the international situation. He said he was hopeful that NATO will be strengthened by its forthcoming meeting in Oslo. EISENHOWER Kennedy said that it will be up to former President Dwight D. Eisenhower himself to decide finally whether to go through with a trip to Japan later this year. Eisenhower announced this week that on the advice of the State Department he had called off the trip. Kennedy said "President Eisenhower could very usefully travel abroad as an individual and also, of course, as a respected citizen of this country." Laotian Negotiators Disagree HIN HEUP, Laos, May 5 Military negotiators for Laos' warring factions today held the first major meeting to work out details of a cease-fire, but were unable to agree even on a site for future talks. Political leaders in Vientiane at the same time proposed that talks begin tomorrow in the royal capital of Luang Prabang. Presumably these would be top-level negotiations on forming a coalition government. The government pointedly ignored rebel proposals that political questions be discussed on the front. Only a military team, led by Brig. Gen. Sing Ratha-nasmay, was sent to discuss matters relating to Wednesday's cease-fire, such as armistice lines. The negotiators, i royal officers and six sent by the pro-Communist Pathet Lao rebels and ex-premier Souvanna Phou-ma's self-styled neutralists, met in an abandoned house on the north bank of the Nam Lik River, which runs through II in Heup, in no-man's-land 55 miles north of Vientiane. They talked in a friendly atmosphere for 64 minutes while sitting on the bamboo floor. Royal officers said permanent negotiators shouid hold the next session in Hin Heup; the rebels said Ban Namone, a village five miles north and nearer rebel-held territory. The rebels said the decision was out of their hands. BULLETIN POTEAU, May 5 (FPI) A tornado ravaged two small communities in Eastern Oklahoma tonight. Casualty reports ranged from 12 to 17 persons dead, with 30 to 50 injured. A Poteau policeman, Herbert Killion, said 11 were killed at Howe, eight miles south of I'oteau, and aix ference the President spoke with pride of Shepard's accomplishment and again of of the challenge that lies ahead. He said that yes, he is going to ask Congress for additional appropriations "We are going to make a substantially larger effort in space." AFTER A BOW to the human accomplishment and courage demonstrated in Russia's successful effort to put a man into orbit around the earth and bring him back, Kennedy added: "We have a long way to go in the field of space. We are behind. But we are working hard and we are going to increase our efforts." He repeated what he had said earlier, that the United States intends to share with the world the scientific information obtained in today's space flight and will continue to be motivated by the view that "the probe into space should be peaceful." To his knowledge, Kennedy said, Russia has not offered to share the facts it developed from its manned space shot. The conference also produced word from the Chief Executive that the matter of sending U. S. troops to help South Vietnam ward off Communist thrusts is "still under consideration." That, he said, is one of the things Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson will take up with the South Vietnamese government on a trip to Southeast Asia next week. KENNEDY SAID the administration also is considering carefully all the implications of a complete ban on trade with Cuba. He noted that only foods and medicines now are exempt. Kennedy, also told a questioner the United States is not now training and is not planning to train any force of Cuban exiles. In the domestic area the President spoke up for the financing of national political campaigns by the national government. He said this would avoid difficulties and embarrassments such as Secretary of the Interior Stewart L. I'dall has gone through in connection with a letter asking people to buy $100 tickets to a Democratic fund raising dinner. In discussing the space flight. Kennedy acknowledged that the country would have been "humi-lated here and around the world" If the shot this morning had failed. He said this was especially true in view of the detailed press coverage of the build-up to the flight but he added that in a free country any type of enterprise must be exposed to the public. This was Kennedy's 11th news conference and as with the others in the recent past it was not open to live television or radio coverage. It was attended by 389 newsmen. Kennedy touched on these other subjects: ATOMIC TESTS The President announce that Arthur H. Dean is returning today to Geneva to resume stalemated negotiations with Great Britain and Russia on an agreement to ban nuclear weapons tests. Dean has been in Wa, tions tills week. LONDON, May 5 Alan B. Shepard's rocketing flight into space and safe return set pulses racing today in Western Europe and other parts of the non-Communist world. Government leaders, scientists and the man in the street seemed agreed generally that the United States boosted its prestige by allowing the public to share fully in the suspense of the historic blastoff. The feeling ran through public comment that Shepard's flight was a shot in the arm not only for the United States but also for the entire non-Communist world. There was some derision from beyond the Iron Curtain. PRAGUE RADIO, a mouthpiece or the Red Czech regime, called the feat "scientifically primitive." Moscow Radio told Soviet listeners about the dramatic events at Cape Canaveral an hour and a half after they took place. In London, a Soviet Embassy spokesman said: "This stage of development was chairman of the British National Committee on space research, said: "This all supports the idea I have always had that the technical achievement of the United States in the space field Is hi no way inferior to the Russians, taken as a whole." Rl'NMNCi through the headlines and the comment of scientists was one theme that the United States was triumphantly right to reveal Shepard's flight nakedly to the world instead of hushing it up on the Soviet pattern. Former Premier Paul Rey-naud of France commended the United States for "sport-ingly taking a risk in the full light of day, as the Russians did not." South African said, "You Yanks had the courage to put your space flight on television and under reporters eyes where everybody could see success or failure. Now let's see the Russians do the same." In Ottawa, members of all parties in the Canadian House of Commons, applauded the successful space flight. important question that the board has set 10 a. m. Monday for a hearing," he said. The 19(i0 census showed 4800 residents and 1200 houses in Forest Park, which was a planned city, built by Joseph Kanter. The tax duplication valuation as of January 1, 1960, was $12 million, two and a half times the value of property in Springdale when it was incorporated December 31, 1959. Forest Park Civic League has been talking about incorporation for a couple of years to preserve the autonomy of the community. There had been reports that Greenhills was interested in annexing the part of Forest Park where a new $5 million Union Cen- Seventh Heaven CAPE CANAVERAL, May 5 CP "This is Freedom 7 That was the way Astronaut Alan II. Shepard Jr. reported back from space today the first American space pilot. "Freedom 7" is his code name. The astronauts themselves picked the code name Freedom and each man in alphabetical order took a number from one through seven. Shepard, the last man on the alphabetical list, was Freedom 7. Today's filght had the code name of "Stoney" but no one could explain the significance of that. reached several years ago in the Soviet Union." But on the sidewalks of Paris, a middle-aged Frenchman growled 1 dissent to the general jubilation. "The Americans are crazy, and the Russians are crazy, too," he said. Prof. Sir Harrie Massey, Attorney Paul Weber, acting as advisor to the agents for the petitioners for incorporation, said the group has requested a special election of village officers on July 8. Blank nominating petitions will be available to candidates from 9 to 11 a.m. today at Kemper Heights School. Waycross Road. Offices to be filled are mayor, clerk, treasurer and six councllmcn, Weber said. The question whether there is time enough under Ohio statutes for a special non-partisan election of Forest Park officers may throw a snag in plans for such a vote. Andrew W. Hitz. clerk of the Board of Elections, said last night. "It's such a delicate and Forest Park Incorporation Is Approved By Heavy Vote Mostly cloudy and warmer with showers and scattered thundcrshowcrs. Low in low 50s, high around 71). Showers ending tonight. DETAILS. MAP ON PAGE IS Page Abby 14 Amusements 23-24 Birthdays 44 Bridge ..21 Business 12-13 Church News 6-7 City Mirror 44 Classified 23-36 Comics 20-21 News 1 8 Crossword 6 24 Telephone PA 1-2700- Forest Park voted overwhelmingly yesterday to Incorporate as Hamilton County's 37th municipality. Residents may return to the polls July 8 for another special election to choqse the new village's officers. Complete but unofficial returns from the Hamilton County Board of Elections gave the incorporation issue a 921 to 258 favorable vote. It needed a simple majority for passage. Forest Park, a part of Springfield Township, is roughly north and northeast of Greenhills. Its exact boundary Is the part of Forest Park Fire District which also lies in the Oreenhills School District. Facts Figures CAPE CANAVERAL, May 5 UP) Facts and figures of Alan B. Shepard's flight Into space: Booster rocket Redstone. Space craft '3000-pound Mercury capsule. Time of launch 9:34 a. m. (EST). Altitude 115 miles. Distance 302 miles. Top speed 5000 miles an hour. Time of flight 15 minutes. Time of Shepard's recovery 19 minutes after launch. Page Editorials 4 Foreign News 14 Horse Sense 21 Magazine Page 22 Markets 12-13 Society News 8 Sports 37-42 Star Gazer 6 TV-Radio 9-10, 1JL Van Dellen T. .6 Word Game .21 -Classified GA 1.6.130 died at Rkheirt, southwest fHweT Roth towns are in a hilly area near Lake-Wistrr in Leflore f'ounlr. tral Life Insurance Co. Kennedy Indicated, how-building is planned. ever, that he wants to see

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