Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on December 31, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Friday, December 31, 1943
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« %^'" ( , Wfl^v v W,; r- '\^l£i IMalSgkJlEa^^ ^' 4 ^7 V ' «dM ITA>'MOf-« si Al.llAMiAI ftmifcltj, b*™ 1 ™**' 1W ^ of pli by irizfe . '•« »**« itorial Comment ritten Today and ved by Telegraph Coble. fLtlAM FRYE PreSs War Analyst ... al Karl .Doenitz has re- [Ifhis command of the Ger- ,vy,Mt probably marks just ic last gasp of Adolf Hitler's leadership by intuition. in sources, reporting his ation actual or iminent— it of the sinking of the ip Scharnhorst by the Brit- home fleet, also tell of a wid- breach between Hitler and ^'generals. „ f'breach is a peculiar one, vlor their own purposes by _ nerals, who don't like Hitler [caii't' spare -him. There was a "hefiT* Hitler, riding high and iar_irito.Rus'siai got rid of a iber^of the old Army men. have been back"for Awhile,'"and -the stars of are rising, wrests considerable "evidence "th'ej Prussian: officers of the ";er-. class, the- core of German iry" tradition, are once again 'control of ' the Army. Hitler _ins the titular commander in ^because 'he is still a "symbol 3ft, minds of the German But the • officer caste — 'tinkers not the upstarts — tiie-Army. < * • r ,* * _jfchope,'of course, to hold out ^negotiated peace, that will re»the" officer corps virtually in- ^ipd"leave" Germany the nu- :sp>i, military resurgence.- But '^cannot fight without, public -Mf^and the public allegiance ^ "*Hilter, not the generanl. So e'4*stays, but there is no mis- r * itanding about who is boss— is scapegoat, thtype of the Prussian mili- *aristocrat is the commander iie£~western group of armies, Jman who- will meet General fenhower's invasion, Field Mar- "krl-Rudolf Gerd von Rund_„ ,_-,.when his Caucasus inva- * B *'Was -mauled by Red Army ier-blows* he came back to or- ze'rthe coast defe'nses, and is Complete charge in France and countries. st'who have returned to Scommand after disagreement ;Tput it, mildly — „ with Hitler, jjjGen.- Fritz ^Erich Von Mann- n5'with important command of arge . portion v of the Russian Pvand Gen. -Johannes' Blasko- Again Reported Ho vingTroub/e With War Classified Ada muit be In office day before publication. All Want Ads easH in advance. Not taken over the Phone. On* time— 2c word, minimum 30e SIX tlm««— 3c word, minimum 7Sc On* montlv— He word, mlnmlum $2.70 4ates are for continuous insertions only •fHE MORE YOU TELL THE QUICKER YOU SELL." For Sale WOOD FOR SALE. PHONE 221. 14-lmo.c. 80 ACRE FARM ON COLUMBUS road. Good improvements. Apply Alma M. Robbins, Mount Valley, Arkansas. For Refit WORKING COUPLE OR TWO settled ladies to share home. Call 660. ' 7-tf 115 ACRE FARM, 60 ACRES IN cultivation, 40 in Bottom. Two houses. Plenty, water. Pasture. 4 mule crop. See S. O. Baber, Ozan. 23-6tp FOUR ROOM HOUSE, SCREEN' ed-in back porch. Lights, running water. Two miles east of town on paved highway. Newt Pentecost, phone 481 day, night-215-W. 28-3tp Wanted to Rent 23-12tp i TWIN BEDS WITH INNER-SPR- ing mattresses. Cobb's Mattress Factory, 712 West 4th St. Phone 445-J. 23-6tp 140 ACRE FARM, ONE HOUSE, toarn, good pasture, one-half mile from city limits, on good road and highway, Price $20 per acre. Floyd Porterfield, Hope, Ark. 24-6tc GOOD PAPERSHELL PECANS, 25 and 30c per pound. 404 South Elm. Phone 459. 27-6tpd. ONE 1938 CHEVROLET SEDAN. Good rubber. See J. L. Brown at Jesse's Lunch Stand. 28-6tp FIVE OR SIX-ROOM HOUSE. Prefer Ward 1 or 2. Employed in city. Reasonably permanent. No small children. Reference. 'Call Hope Star. 2-tffti. THREE OR FOUR ROOM FURN- ished apartment for permanent family. Contact Hope Star. 30-tf Lost BLUE PURSE, CONTAIN ING ration books, social security card. Notify Mrs. Christine Mack, Route 3, Box 191, Hope, Ark. or Hope Star. 28-3tp 150 MULES, MARES, SADDLE horses, jacks, stallions and Shetland ponies. All stock guaranteed. Free truck, delivery. At same location for 30 years. Windle Bros. 516 West Broad., Texarkana, Texas. " 30-3mc Services Offered WHITE FEMALE POINTER, AND brown spotted male setter. Return to S. C. Bundy. Phone 888. Liberal reward. 29-3tpd ALARM CLOCKS AND STRIKING clocks cleaned and fixed. Prompt service and a reasonable price. C. C. Otwell, 523 W. Ave. D. .. 29-6tp AS PURE AS NEY CAN BUY •( ; f*rter.- None sorer. None safer. i can do more for you than 'Aspirin—world's largest seller •ifS» tablets, 20(i; 100 tablets, only '•ure to demand St. Joseph Aspirin. BAY FILLY COLT, 2 YEARS OLD. Bay horse colt, 1 year old, black mule with white hose, 3 years old. Notify J. A. Ellis, Prescott, Ark. Route 6. 30-3tp Found FIVE-MONTHS OLD GRADED Jersey heifer calf. Herbert Arnold, 600 N. Elm St. 28-3tp ivitz, active .again in the high command after living for a time in retirement in Northern France fol- .owing a falling out with the Fuehrer. Both of these men were among the officer junta reported more than a year ago to have started a program to "isolate" Hitler and establish themselves favorably with the Allies in case of defeat or stalemate. Such officers, eager to salvage what they can of German militarism out of the debacle facing them, could not have been very happy if j Doenitz, as reported, sent the' Scharnhorst out and lost her at a time when the Allies are obviously preparing a smashing blow. Doenitz rose rapidly with Hitler's favor. A commodore at. the start of the war, he got frequent promotion, in part due to his conception of the submarine wolf pack, and the final elevation came less than a year ago when Hitler advanced him over the heads of two admirals to replace Grand Admiral Erich Raeder as supreme naval commander. i-If he lost the Scharnhorift; try-- ing . to embellish his own Deputation, the old line admirals and 'geti- 1 erals undoubtedly have had enough of Doenitz. AT OUR OFFICE AT SOUTH ELM and 16th St. a small white dog. Call 24 or 924 if you have lost a dog. Will return to. owner upon describing dog and paying for this ad. M. S. Bates. 29-3tc Norton Says Aggies, LSU About Even Miami, Fla., Dec. 30 — —The favored Texas Aggies should be rated no better than even against Louisiana State University in the Orange Bowl, Coach Homer Norton believes, because they will go into the New Year's Day classic as psychological underdogs. "The hardest thing in football is to beat the same team twice," Norton insisted. "The fact that we defeated LSU once this season is a serious thing to overcome." The Texas coach had heard about the LSU Tigers' earnest work to wipe out that early-season 28-13 defeat and he declared the advantage was all on their side. "My boys feel too sure of themselves," he said. "It's a job to get them back to their peak. They were up there when they played LSU before." Norton wasn't happy today as he prepared to put his team through the first practice session after the long train ride and one sleepless night sitting up in a coach. They gave up their sleeping cars at New Orleans. Norton expressed concern over his backfield ace, Marion Flannagan. The passing star twisted his knee in the final game with the University of Texas and hasn't responded properly. "Flanagan is a key man on offense, and we depend on him," the Texas coach explained. "If he is not in top condition it will really hurt." But Norton admitted he was not entirely downhearted about prospects for the Orange Bowl. "It will be a great game," he summed up. "We know LSU and you can look for plenty of action and scoring. And- as for passing, we'll give "em Texas. They really throw the ball around out there." Market Report Personal PERMANENT WAVE, 59c! DO your own permanent with Charm- Kurl Kit. Complete equipment, including 40 curlers and shampoo. Easy to do,. absolutely harmless. Praised by thousands including Fay McKenzie, glamorous movie star. Money refunded if not satisfied. Morgan & Lindsey. 29-3tp Expect Passes to Fill Air in Cotton Bowl Lost, Strayed or Stolen TWO HORSES, ONE WHITE, ONE spotted, weight. 120'0. One blue mare mule with' .wire around neck. One black horse mule with stocking leg. One'black mule. Notify Sutton Sale Barn, Hope, for Reward. : 27-6tpd Wanted WANT IMMEDIATELY. SMALL farm, suitable for chickens, truck, pasture, • ;.ifnprovements, ' .. . H-j electricity, i*'jjj'arids'i • .any high 'school. Cash/deal. Write Box 93, Malvern, Ark. - . 30-6tp Dallas, Dec. 30 —(/P) — T he nation's No. 1 passing attack will be tossed into the Cotton Bowl Saturday, but — The year's best pass defense will be working against it. That's a major feature of the Texas - Randolph field football game New Year's Day. Figures from the National Football Statistical Bureau show Randolph Field, with the fancy Glenn Dobbs doing the pitching; with 120 completions out of 218 attempts for 1,528 yards, topping college and service teams for the season. But these figures also show Texas had the best pass defense, in the nation and in one department the best of all time. . ; With 135 passes thrown against them, the Longhorns allowed only 45 completions for 606 yards arid intercepted 32 of the pitches'^:"'. :l |'' ! • And : here's the pay-off; Passes cost the oposition almost ds much as gained. ' ' •' Texas took those 32 interceptions back 580 yards, an all-time record, beating the mark set in 1940 by Pennsylvania by 55 yards. If Randolph Field tries to cross Texas up by turning to a ground game, the Longhorns will be ready for that, too. They gave eight opponents 509 yards rushing during the season — just 63.6 yards a game. ST. LOUS LIVESTOCK Natiohal Stockyards, 111., Dec. 30 Hogs, 14,000; opening fairly active, steady to 15 lower than average Wednesday; extreme top 30 lower; later trade slow; top and bulk and choice 200-30 Ibs 13.70; odd lots 300-350 Ibs 12.50-13.00: 170190 Ibs 13.00-13.50; 140-160 Ibs 11.7512.85; 120-14 Ibs 10.7511.85; lighter weights ranging down to 8.50 or below; bulk good sows 12.00-12.05; stags 12.00 down. Cattle, 3,000; calves, 800; steers opening steady with Wednesday nt 14.75 down; heifers and mixed yearlings steady; medium and good largely 11.00-13.50; cows very dull; bulls and vealers steady; top sausage bulls 11.25; good and choice vealers 15.00; medium and good 12.25 and 13.75; nominal range slaughter steers 9.75-16.00, slaughter heifers 9.00-15.50, stocker and feeder steers 8.00-13.25. Sheep, 1,200; opened steady; good and choice wooled lambs to all interests 14.25-15.00; medium and good 12.75-13.75; common throwouts 10.00-10.50; medium and good wooled ewes 5.50-6.0.0 POULTRY AND PRODUCE Chicago, Dec. 30 (/P) —Poultry, live, firm; 1 car 26 trucks; Leghorn chickens 25 1-2; other markets unchanged. NEW YORK STOCKS New York, Dec. 30 —(/P) —Li quors and specialties today led the stock market on a related year end rally that lifted leaders frac tions to a point or so and assorted favorites as muchas 7. Low-priced issues were particu larly lively. United Gas improve ment opening up 1-8 on a 45,000 share block. Tax sales for "cash' were plentiful. Yesterday was th last day for "regular" transac tions of this sort. Volume for th full proceedings exceeded 1,000,00 shares. Advances generally wcr well maintained at the close. GRAIN AND PROVISIONS Chicago, Dec. 30 — (/P) — All de- lieries of wheat adanced to new seasonal peaks today as the market reflected a strong demand for the bread cereal in cash grain circles. The goernment was buying wheat for its feed wheat program and mills were actiely acquiring ocks beforfe hard wheat ceilings re announced. The strength in wheat was re- ected in other pits, where fairly ood gains were scored. Some buy- ng or rye was based on the belief lis grain will moe upward after ic wheat ceiling announcement, ash dealers reported some pick- p in the movement of corn from he country, bookings amounting to round 100,000 bushels following qually large purchases yesterday. Wheat closed only small frac- .ons under the day's highs, up 3-8 -8—1 1-8 from yesterday, May 1.68 1-4—1-8. Oats were ahead 1-2 --5-8, May 78, rye was 3-4—1 1-8 igher. May $1.26 7-8—3-4, and bar- ey was up 1-4, May $1.21 3-4. Cash wheat none. Oats, No. mixed 83 1-4; sample grade red 1 3-4; barley, malting 1.22 1-: .44 1-2 nom.; feed 1.15 1-2—1.22 1-: nom. Field seed per 10 Olbs, tim- ilhy 5.74-6.00 nom.; red top 14.00 5.00 nom.; red clover 31.50 nom.; sweet clover 10.50 nom. NEW YORK COTTON Nw York, Dec. 30 — (ff>)— Year end covering and trade price fix ng rallied cotton futures today L,atc afternoon prices were 20 to 3 1 cents a bale higher. Mch 19.65, Mn> 19.36 and Jly 10.11. Mch high 19.75 low 19.40 — closi 19.75 up 16 May high 19.45 — low 19.33 — clos 19.45 up 13. Jly high 19.10 — low 19.06 — clos 19.19N up 13 Oct (new) high 18.91 — low 18.84 — clos 18.91 up 8 Dec (new) high 18.7(5 — low 18.75 — close 18.78N up 5 Middling spot 20.61N up 16. NEW ORLEANS COTTON ' New Orleans, Dec. 30 — (/P)— Cotton futures advanced here today on mill price fixing, year-end short overlng and expectations of high r parity prices. Closing prices were toady, 25 to 90 cents a bale highr: tfch high 19.89 — low 19.74 — close 19.89 up 18 flay high 19.63 — low 19.50 —close 19.63 up 16 ly high 19.30 — low 10.26 — close 19.35 up 13 Oct high 18.94 -: low 18.87 — close 18.94 up 5 Dec high 18.84 — low 18.84 —close 18.84 up 7 Spot cotton closed steady, 90 :ents a bale higher today. Sales 144. Low middling 16.34; middling 9.74; good middling 20.19. Receipts 1,307; stock 237,337. Army opinion, only two per cent of the nation's soldiers expect to remain in the Army after the' war, Elghlysix per cent ot the men hero said they expect to retufh to their pre-induction jobs. Most of them stvtd they ore doing the same type of work in the Army that they did in civilian life, ajjd will require little "brushing up.W: Twelve per cent are undecldtll as to the future, and don't expect to make up their minds Until pence is a more sodid prospect, x The use of gloves was probably known to prehistoric cave dwellers. Sports Mirror By tha Associated Press Today a Year Ago Cornelius Warmcrdam, pole vault record holder, named winner of Sullivan Memorial Trophy. Three Years Ago Yankees sell Monte Pearson to Cincinnati Reds for $20,000 a n d Don Lang rookie infieldcr. Five Years Ago 18,039 sec St. John's beat Colorado, 39-37 and Long Island Whip S. Calif., 33-18. Yonks to Return to Old Jobs Cnmp Claibornc. La. —W)— If an official survey made here cnn bo considered a cross-section of FALSE TEETH Dr. Wernet's Powder HICOMMI NDI D HY MOIIF DtNTISTS THAN ANY OTHLR! AT FIRST JIONOFA USE 666 666 TABLETS. SALVE. NOSE DROPS PepjI-Coli Company, Long .Island City, N.Y.. . Franchisee! Bottler: Pepsi-Cola Bottling Co. of Texarkana ONE STOP WAY mak,<? this New Year's together! ... to do everything we possibly can to ' help our gallqnt fighting men win 'to final Victory in '44! With the r s t a u n c h determination every kArnerican has in his heart these days, that resolution will certainly ?be kept. Just keep in mind all the f important things you can do to ••be of service ... in civiliqn defense ... in contributing blood '.-. . in salvage wprk . • « and in buying as many War Bonds as you can. Then our best New Year's wishes will game trye sooner.. . q Victorious New Year to all!' We. Give Eagle Stamps Geo. W. Robison & Co. The Leading Department Store HOPE NASHVILLE Fights Lost Night By the Associated Press Cranton, Pa., Boby Howard, 152, Worcester, Mass., and Sonny Home, 158, Niles, Ohio, drew (10). Worchester, Mass. — Johny Rossi, 157 1-2, Worcester, outpointed Waddell Washington, 159 1-2, 'Worcester (8); Billy Campanale, 153 1-2, Worcester, knocked out Sal Luciano, 150, New York (5). Oakland, Calif. — Paulie Peters, 152, San Francisco, outpointed Paul Lewis, 155, Oakland, (10). QUAKER FLOUR 50-Lb. Sack. • Pure Cane SUGAR Lb : - - - - 65c Mother's, Cup or Plate OATS Pert>k 9 Barbers practiced surgery in Eu^ rope until the early 18th century. Salesman Wanted WANTED - RELIABLE MAN OR woman to succeed Emett Turnage as Dealer in Hempstead County. About 2500 families. Experience not necessary. A fine opportunity to step into old profitable business where Rawleigh Products have been sold for over 25 years. Neighboring Dealer Boyett making sales over $75 weekly. Big profits. Products furnished on credit. Write Rawleigh's Dept. AKL-118-162, Memphis, Tenn. 23-2tp Sauer KRAUT Qt. MATCHES Raisin BRAN Pure Lb. Apple Jelly Ja ' MUSTARD Full Cream Salad Qr, DRESSING J <" Waffererre 2-Lb. CRACKERS B " Notice GIVE MAGAZINE SUBSCRIPT- ions. Not rationed yet. New or renewal subscriptions on any magazine. See Shas. Reynerson at City Hall. 30-lmc YOU CAN BUY U. S. APPROVED chicks with confidence. Hatched in our own plant. Will make deliveries, starting January 7. Gunter Hatchery, Phone 623. 23-6tp Campbell's Tom. Soup Old Dutch 2 CLEANSER Cans Merry War IYE NrWay BIEACH • Produce Department • LETTUCE Giant Heads Per Head 15c CELERY Large Stalks Per Stalk 19c 2u.15c CARROTS Large Bunches Per Bunch lOc PEARS Large, Fancy 15C TURNIPS and Tops Per Bunch lOc SLICED BACON Suqar Cured NECK BONES Meaty SALTED JOWLS Fine for Seasoning OLEO Red Rose SLICED HAM Boneless Roll GROUND VEAL For Hamburger or Loaf BACON Grade A jn-the-piece STEW MEAT A ONE-EYED, BLACK JERSEY cow has been taken up. Apply Hope Police Department. 28-3tc SPECIAL! MATTRESSES RE- made. 3.95 up. Will receive old furniture as payment. Phone 152. Hope Mattress Co. 411 South Hazel, 29-luip HELD FIRMIY BY NOW WEAR YOUR PLATES Wf f DAT -HELD COMFORTAILY SNUG THIS WAT It's BO easy to wear your plates rcgti-: larly—all day—when held firmly in S laco by this "comfort-cushion .—• entist's formula. " 1. Dr.Wornot'sPow- pinto powder. '' dor lets you enjoy 3. Economical; solid foods—avoid small amount lull embarrassment ol longer. loose plates. Helps 4.Dr.Wornot'apow- provent sore gums, dcrinpurc.hnrmleai 2. Largest selling —pleasant tastlnj. -SOi. Matty batkH Hope ^S^^^Sf^^^^^S^f •<4{TH.y6Art! VOL. 45-NO, Star fHf WtAfHift ,> Afkahsas: Generally hit this aft* efnoon, tonight and Saturdays lit-" He temperature change with low* est temperature slightly below freezing tonight. St<* of Hop*, 1»W; KM, 1OT7. Cootol(dat«d JamMfy U, 192*. MOPE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 31, 1943 JAP)—M«ont Astoclottd Pr*M (NEA)—M«oni N«ws0tip*F EhtdrpriM Ail'n PRICE Be COPY'- ons Near Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN-^ New Year's Greetings America closes the books on 1943 with a feelina of fgratitude which oil the uncertainties about %44 eaSdlSpel Paris Is Hit in i-...•...- . . All-Out Bombing of Nazi Targets £: By W. W. HERCHER |;London; Dec. 31 — (/P)— Amori-n,heavy bombers supported by iierican and RAF fighters lashed nt targets in France to- iy," it was announced, and the |ris radio said the bombs rained "he suburbs of Paris, act nature of the objectives of laylight assault were not an- |cd by American headquarters year-end aerial offensive- had sent more than 3,000 ,. ,,... thundering against enemy |targ«ts in the previous 24 hours — ?ag«l;on to a climactic finish. -American planes last bombarded |Paris on Sept. 15 striking at the 1 Cam; ballbearing works and the |Hispano-Sulza and Caudron-Re- jnault. airplane and motor works. I' Other American raids on the |Paris region this year were on 'April .4 when the Renault works wps hit,'Sept. 3 when the Mosser- |schmitt repair' factory was |,smashed and Sept. 9 when an air| craft engine factory was the target. ! • (Paris was among 36 French [towns warned in a BBC broadcast F on Nov. 17 of impending Allied air [attacks, •.Paris, administration center for f German occupation authorities, (also is a^Nazi war production cen- ^eij.^hcsB^OjiUltjvworks, on ..Seine I island- at Bilancb'iirt 'ls"reported ! to 'be, producing transport vehicles, tanks, and airplane engines. Near; by is the Gnome-Rhone works, which turns out airplane 1 engines I for the Germans. Today's • attacks were in the \ wake of an assault on an object- jive—which was not announced but I which may have been the chemical f and poison gas works of the Ger- Jmans at . Ludwigshafen deep in 1 Southwestern Germany yesterday |by. the -greatest fleet of U. S. bomb- «ers and fighters, perhaps 1,500 |strpng, ever sent against, | • 'the JReich. Twenty-two bombers and 12 ffighters were lost in the weighty ^operation. ^ The closing raids of 1043 today • also followed fresh blows last night I by RAF Mosquitos which hit tar- Lgets in western Germany and Inorthern France, and new mine- flaying operations, in which not a pingle Allied plane was lost, The targets of an estimated 500 MUnited States medium and Allied J|||nediuin bombers and fighter- Pi|pombers yesterday — announced by K%(Jic officials only as "military ob- Ijectives in Northern France" " — Ipossibly were the "rocket-gun" fjpifiplacements of the Nazis in the ?as de Calais area. , The daylight operations today launched in cold fine weather flocks of medium bombers Continued on Page Four) Keeping Up With lotion Coupons 'recessed and Canned Foodil December 1 — First day for reen stamps D, E and F in ation Book 4. January 20 — Last day for ien stamps D, E and F in Ition Book 4. |at, Cheese, Butter and Fats: cem.ber 19 — First day for vn stamp Q in Book 3. December 26 — First day for stamp R in Book 3, |nuary 1—Last day for brown nps L, M, N, p and Q in 3. [juary 2—First day for brown ap S in Book 3. ^16 — First day for stamp jjok 1. Valid when used, pmbjer 1—First day for Air| stamp 1, Book 3. Valid Used. iber 1 — First day for tamp No. 2p in Ration j^Good for five pounds. ry 15 — Last day for |mp No. 29, Book 4. jper 22 — First day for upons in A ration book, phree gallons; Bl and are good for two gal|1 — Last day for No. Bin A Ration The United Nations are advancing on all fronts. In the vital categories of air and sea power we have gained, and will hold, superiority to the enemy. Whether or not the dissolution of Germany actually occurs in 1944 as now forecast by our high command, we are grateful for the military developments of the past year. They were many and decisive. They ended once and for all the fear that our arms might be defeated before we could muster all our resources and strength. And so our feeling for 1943 is the gratitude of a rich and powerful nation for deliverance from physical danger—and for restraint of the barbarian ha'nd that for a while threatened to snuff out the torch of Christian civilization. Our gratitude to 1943 is for military reasons, but it may well be that our concern for the New Year will be directed to problems here at home. If the European war ends hi 1944 our nation turning partially .back to peace-time pursuits will find itself literally rolling in money wealth. This is not an altogether happy situation. The record of war- gotten wealth is seldom successful in the immediately-following days of peace. The invalid nature of war dollars soon or later discloses itself. A wise nation, therefore, in returning; to peace-time pursuits will cautiously remember that re gardless of loose ijioney we are not rich, but poor, having fought the most costly war in history. A humble and cautious, not purse proud, people, will find their way safely out of every difficulty—even this one. : On the brighter side of the picture weiind: '..,". t4;Sotne;t.durable-civilian -goods, are to be manufactured again in 'the coming year. Electric irons will be resumed. Also bathtubs—although for the time being these are restricted to government housing projects. And in the department of vital statistics: "More babies were born in the United States in 1943 than in any previous year in the country's history," a national insurance company reports. There were 3 million 200 thousand. And the infant mortality rate continued to decline—so that 1943 was a banner year for population. If the problems of the future are difficult, al least we'll have a bigger nation to work with, and more minds to help find the answer. And all the annals of history say that this is a very good sign. Urges Action to Let Men in Service Vote Washington, Dec. 31 —(/P)— Cooperation between Congress and the state legislatures to open the way for service men and women to vote in primaries as well as the November general election was urged today by Senator George (D-Ga). The Georgia senator, one of the leaders in the Senate fight which resulted in the substitution of a "states rights" measure for an administration-supported federal ballot b,ill, told a reporter he believes the men and women of the fighting forces are as interested^ in voting for sheriff and governor in their home states as they' are in the presidential election. Pointing out that in several southern states nomination in the democratic primary is tantamount to election', George said the provisions of the original federal ballot bill limiting such absentee voting to the November contest constituted little more than a "gesture" as far as uniformed personnel from those states is concerned. Instead, he said he. believed it entirely feasible for governors to call special sessions of legislatures, where necessary, to arrange for (he printing of primary and — Jater — general election ballots for their states. "I have no objection," he said, "to these ballots being distributed and collected by any federal agency Congress might see fit to designate. Everyone wants to see the service men and women vote and it is difficult to imagine why that can not be done through the preparation of ballots by the states and their transmission to and from the seyvice personnel by federal agencies." In the last 4,000 years of history there have b.een but 269 years entirely free of war. Hope Diminishes for Settlement of Rail Wages —Washington By JOSEPH A. LOFTU8 Washington, Dec. 31 (/P)—Army control of the railroads for the indefinite future appeared likely today in view of the darkening prospects of an early wage settlement. Prsident Roosevelt advised the 15 npnoperating unions he is ready to make a final decision in their case, but he stipulated a .basis of arbitration the union chiefs say is unacceptable. The War Department said' it wanted to return the rail system to private management but could not because at least two unions— the firemen and conductors — instead of cancelling strike orders, had merely postponed them for the period of government operation. The union chiefs, after lashing the administration in one statement, asserted in reply to the Wai- Department that they had done all they had agreed to do and were empowered to do. They said a strike voted by the membership can not be cancelled by the officers while the issue which precipitated it is still alive. The latent bitterness of .the controversy emerged in the statement issued by D. B. Robertson of the firmen, H. M. Fraser of the conductors, and T. C. Cashen of the switchmen, who accused the administration of bungling, delay, and of straying from the processes of the railway labor act which they, the unions, said they "scrupulously followed" during the controver sy. The president's letter to the "nonops" laid open the fight over the scope of what he is authorized to arbitrate. In agreeing |o arbitration, last Morjday, ',the.',.15°un,ions,, representing over a rnillioh office, shop, and track workers, said they accepted the sliding scale increases of 4 to 10 cents and that only overtime, therefore, was left to be arbitrated. The president said he understood the carriers contend the 10 cents was approved by Stabilization Di rector Fred M. Vinson to eliminate substandard conditions and would not have been necessary if payments were to be made for over- n'me. The issue of overtime was injected after the 4 to 10-cent award The unions contend the latter can not be arbitrated. They are appre- I hensive lest the award or the overtime be reduced if the two are considered together. No apparent progress was being made toward settlement of the case of the three operating unions. The other two operating brotherhoods, trainmen and eingeers, accepted arbitration and obtained cents as overtime (a total of 9 cents) and a week's vacation Chiefs of the firemen, conductors and switchmen considered the action of the other two "a stab in the back" and so informed their memberships 'in a circular. In a statement reviewing the case, Robertson, Fraser and Cashen criticise^! the administration foi seizing the carriers instead of quietly pursuing mediation. "To suggest," they said, "that we would hamper the war effort in the slightest degree is absurd. "More than 97 per cent of our members voted to strike because that was the only way they and their chosen representatives could secure consideration for their extremely reasonable wage requests All five of the railroad operating unions rejected that 4<cent award. We said it was an insult. We still think it was an insult. Evidently the president thinks so'too, for now he has decided that nine cents an hour, plus a week's vacation with pay should be allowed. ' "We are firmly convinced that, if the administration had kept its hands off and had permitted the rail unions to proceed under the railway labor act, we could have reached a satisfactory "settlement with our employers without stopping work for a single day and without causing the slightest bitterness." ALCOA PLANTS TO CLOSE Washingon, DC. 31 — (/P)—• Be cause of a surplus of the' metal, several small aluminum plants will be closed "within the near future." says A. H. Bunker, in charge of the War Production Board's aluminum and magnesium programs. He said no list of plants to be closed had been determined. TO OPEN EXCAVATING BIDS Vicksburg, Miss., Dec. 31 — (ff>— The U. S. engineer office here will open bids at 11 a. m. Jan. 17 for excavating approximately 64,000 cubic yards of earthwork on the west bank of the Mississippi river in Desha county, Ark. Auto Tog Deadline Extended 16 Days Little Rock, Dec. 31 — (IP) *Governor Adkins today announced a 16-day extension in the deadline in buying 1944 automobile license lags. He said skeleton staffs would be maintained in state and county offices to handle purchases tomorrow. The period for buying tags without a penalty would have expired at midnight tonight. British Navy Being Moved to Pacific London, Dec. 31 — (IP)— The British navy, which fought through 1943 without losing a capital ship or aircraft carrier and highlighted the year by sinking the 26,000-ton Nazi battleshp Scharnhorst and three destroyers, is being moved into the Pacific in growing .strength. :'. '' Increasing use of the Royal navy, against the Japanese was attribut-. ed to the turn in the Atlantic war in a review of the year by the admiralty. The review said the number of Allied cargo carriers being sunk by U-boats was below German losses in U-boats. Losses of the royal navy, which took part in the 3,266-ship armada carrying invasion forces to Sicily, were "high" in 1943 but "not so high as in the earlier war years.." Casualties it said were one cruiser and an unspecified number of destroyers, corvettes, submarines, mine-sweepers and trawlers. • More than 100 enemy ships, aside from the Scharnhorst and the three destroyers sunk this week, were declared sunk or damaged during 1943. The review added that with the surrender of the Italian fleet, unchallenged domination of the Mediterranean had ( been regained, that the- use of- smaH.aiMraft-bOrne-^s- corts and the acquisition of azores bases had bridged the mid-Atlantic air-cover gap in the convoy routes, and that new escort ship methods had made u-boat packs "the attacked rather than the attackers." Esquire Will Fight Ruling of Walker Washington, Dec. 31 —VP)—Postmaster General Walker has ruled that Esquire magazine, with its curvaceous "Varga girl" and sundry breezy cartoons and articles, is neither of the arts, news nor ..science and for that reason it should be barred from- the second class mails. It apparently was Walker's own personal decision which was announced yesterday. The majority opinion of a three-man postoffice trial board, after a two-to-one vote, had held that proceedings against the slick magazine should be dismissed. Esquire's publisher, David Smart, at first said the decision left him "speechless," but he remained so only shortly, asserting: "The postmaster general has gone against his own board's decision and that is unbelievable. "Action will be commenced immediately in the appropriate court in the District of Columbia to enjoin him from carrying out his threatened revocation on the ground that his decision is completely arbitrary and capricious and against the weight of the evidence introduced before the hearing board as well as the recommendation of his own duly constu tuted board." Walker said a magazine or other periodical, in order to be eligible for second class mailing privileges, "must be originated and published for the dissemination of information of a public character, or be devoted to literature, the sciences, arts, or to some special industry." Esquire's attorney's estimated it would cost the magazine $50,000 yearly to use the higher, fourth- class rates. Postwar Soles Due for Housing New York — The sharp drop in construction expected in 1944 — to around $4,200,000,000 from around $7,400,000,000 in 1943 — gives a boost to contentions that industry offers the greatest chance for quick re-hiring of war workers when arms contracts end. More than 6,500,000 jobs in $15,000,000,000 worth of construction after materials are released is the estimate of the National Association of Manufacturers. The first grand jury in the American colonies met a Boston in 1635. Airdrome Taken in Only 4 Days -^Worin Pacific By MORRIE LANDSBERG Associated Press War Editor The? quick, decisive American campaign to capture Cape Gloucester^ New Britain, and its strategic airdrome offered the Japanese dXgrlm preview today of the forthcoming Allied operations to swecp -; them from the Pacific. Cape.Gloucester fell in four days under "a 'coordinated attack spearheaded' by hard - fighting United States;marines. The.Japanese lost a.ti least 700 killed, mostly in defense lofythe two air strips from which ^American fliers soon will be raiding; enemy positions in the Bis- march|sea. . , Japahese troops who survived aerial ahd artillery, bombardments and flamethrowers faced possible entrapment on the western end of New Britain. American casualties were described officially as "unbe- livably light." Other Allied operations gained momentum in preparation for the new offensives which Admiral Ernest J. King, commander of the U. S.,fleet, declared may be, expected to get under way in 1944 whether or not it is the year of German defeat. American fliers and paratroops assaulted Japanese positions on Bougainville in the Northern Solo- mons'while, an American destroyer continued the naval attacks ,on enemyj bases on the imperilled island. J Th'e;'21st successive day of U. S. Army j- Navy strikes against the Marshall islands increased the total of enemy aircraft destroyed since mid-November to a certain 106 and probably 48 others at a cost ' of 1? .bomjpeirs. \ At ; le.ast five J.^gan'esjjj" planes and possibly 15 .altdgethef were shot down in raids on Maloe- lap, Mili and Kwajalein atolls earlier this week. In New Guines, Australians kept up the steady pace of advance up the Nuon peninsula in the direction of Madang, big enemy base, as they moved a half mile above Bluecher point, 30 miles north of Finschhafen, The Japanese broadcast claims that they had sunk 14 Allied submarines in waters near Japan and •'other operational areas" from October through Dec. 30. There was no mention of the high toll in Japanese shipping exacted by American submarines. On another front, the Chinese announced the recapture of 10 villages around Owchihkow in the Hunan-Hupeh border region to restore the situation there to what it wan prior to the Japanese rice bowl campaign. The Japanese can expect only heavier blows as the Allies gather strength for the drive for victory in 1944. Gloomily but realistically, Premier Hideki Tojo told the Nipponese that the nation now faces a "crucial test," Admiral King, in a Washington interview, disclosed that studies have been under way for several months "looking to a.shift of power from the European theater to the Pacific theater not only when Germany is defeated but as her defeat seems near at hand. "When that power is shifted, the main lines of attack are already determined and additional means will be used to additionally implement the general strategy for the defeat of Japan." With the capture of Cape Blou- cester, the Allies gained another base with which to intensify the campaign to sever the Japanese defense line in the Bismarck sea, built around New Britain, New Ireland and the Admiralty islands. The first Gloucester air strip fell late Wednesday, and the second one at noon yesterday. In the final assault, more than 100 planes dropped 256 tons of bombs and fired 30,000 rounds at enemy positions. At least 500 Japanese died in that siege. An additional easernl flank at Borgen Bay. Solomons-based fighters again attacked Rabaul Japanese stronghold on the northeast tip of New Britain. Gen. MacArthur's communique said 18 enemy planes were shot down, while the fliers later reported getting a total of 26 out of 50 to 60 interceptors. At South Pacific headquarters, a spokesman said Solomons units have downed 113 Japanese aircraft over Rabaul since Dec. 23. President Roosevelt Confined to Bed Washington, Dec. 31 —(/P)—President Roosevelt's cold had turned into the grippe today and the White House said he had half a degree of fever. The president's physician, ordered him to remain in bed today and said he probably would have to stay in bed tornarrow. The regular Friday afternoon cabinet meeting was cancelled, along with the morning news conference. The illness will prevent the president participating formally in any observance of New Year's Day, which he has proclaimed a day .of prayer. : Greatest Push ite Routed German Forces —Europe Slavs Suffer Hard Blows in Recent Weeks Cairo, Egypt, Dec. 31 (/P)—The Partisan forces of, Marshal Josip Broz (Drug Tito) Have suffered ir- rpearable losses in recent weeks of heavy fighting and 14,000 guerrillas are cut off in the Dinara Alps of Northwestern Yugoslavia, an official statement from the Royal Yugoslav government in exile said today. "They are deprived of all possible support from the outside and are at present engaged in 'desperate fighting with their backs to the Dinara Alps," the statement said. "Under pressure from German and Ustachi (Croat puppet troops) the forces of resistance of Yugoslav fighters in Bosnia has been gravely endangered," it added. "The Partisans have been pushed back from all the major towns and villages and broken up into small groups, some of which are in process of disintegration. Others are retreating in disorder toward western Bosnia." (The statement from King Peter's government, which is opposed to Marshall Broz and his Partisan government;- lacked : "coh- firmation from other sources. Broz' communiques have announced successful resistance to the German invaders and his supporters in London have estimated the Partisans have liberted one-third of Yugoslavia. The Royal Yugoslav government frequently has attempted to belittle the efforts of the Partisans) Ouachita Debt Free Arkadelphia, Dec. 31 — (/I 3 ) — Ouachita college, a Baptist institution, will begin 1944 debt free, says President J. R. Grant. He reported jthe last $9,000 of a $65,000 indebtedness outstanding when he assumed the presidency in 1933 had been paid off this week. Adkins Draws From Revenue to Pay Lawyer Little Rock, Dec. 31 (/P)—Governor Adkins today directed Treasurer Earl Page to transfer $1,000 from the general revenue fund to the governor's emergency fund to pay attorney fees to Scott Wood of Hot Springs for representing the state police in recent gambling cases involving alleged bookmakers, The governor's proclamation said that the general assembly, in setting aside $271,960 for operation and maintenance of stale police, had neither appropriated funds for employment of counsel nor earmarked any special amount for emergency purposes. Wood and John P. Vesey, Hope, a member of the police commission, represented the police in suits brought in Pulaski courts by Tony Karston, operator of a Hot Springs club, and B. R. Muncrief, Spa printer. The Pulaski courts in both cases ruled against the police but the decisions were reversed by the Supreme Court which upheld au^ thority of the police to make raids on search and seizure warrants issued by the governor'lointee— Justice of the Peace Floyd Leroy Hurst. "An emergency arose by reason of two law suits wherein gamblers of Hot Springs sought to tie the hands of the state police department and ejoin them from enforcing the law," the governor's proclamation declared. "It was imperative that steps be taken to prevent a complete breakdown of our law enforcement work not only in Hot Springs but throughout the entire state had those suits been won by the gambling fraternity, and therefore nullify and make powerless the state police in the enforcement of not only gambling laws but other laws where search warrants are required." By HENRY C. CASSIDV Moscow, Dec. 31 —(#)— Russian forces streaming through the greatest hole yet torn in Nazi defenses have broken into the outer Bug river defenses in a driving offensive that has split the routed-remnants of Nazi Gen. Von Mannstein's legions and carried to within 30 miles of the river itself, front line dispatches said today. The Russian column sweeping toward the Bug, Germany's next line of defense along the south-central front west of the Dnieper river, thrust, down the Kiev-Zhmerinka railway to open a deep wedge. in the reeling Nazi army. ,,'• Vatutin's vanguards were reported to within 43 miles of the old Polish border and within 90 miles of the Dniester river which forms Rumania's old eastern boundary. With the Warsaw-Smela railway severed at captured Kazatin, only one supply line remained open to the retreating Nazis before the main Odssa-Lwow line itself is endangered. That one supply line from Poland winds southeastward through the Ukraine and the Red Army advance has carried to within 20 miles of the supply link. Cutting of this line would mean that all supplies for Nazi forces in the Dnieper bend and west of Kiev would have to move over the Odessa-Lwow railway. The advance column • sweeping southwestward toward the old borders of Poland and Rumania was but 30 miles from the provincial center of Vinnitza on the upper Bug river. Vinnitza lies only 60 miles from the Dniester. (The-.Friday German communi- que- also indicated Hhe*pRussiahs were oh the offensive again.north of Korovograd, in the. Dnieper bend, where German forces were reported to have been counterattacking yesterday. "A gap in th German lines north of Korovograd has been closed," the announcement said tersely, adding that numerous prisoners and extensive booty were taken. (It said only "heavy fighting was continuing" in the Zhitomir area west of Kiev and near Vitebsk farther to the north.) Another arm of Gen. Vatutin's First Ukrainian Army was striking westward in a hard-hitting mobile advance outflanking Zhitomir. • This arm was reaching for Shep- etovka, 70 miles west of Zhitomri and the biggest railway junction of the Ukraine, and Novograd Volyn- ski, a junction for two main highways about 45 miles northwest of Zhitomir, ' The Russians were about 20 miles west of Zhitomir and Korosten at several points, and the great breakthrough, now almost 200 miles wide, was affording the Red Army a great new area of operations. Cavalry and motorized infantry, strong units of which were pushing forward, were far behind the shattered German front in some places and drawing close to the lowest Pripet marshes. Hundreds of German tanks lay abandoned behind the fast moving troops, Soviet dispatches said. The Russian spearheads knifed through the remnants of Marshal Fritz Von Mannstein's 22 defeated divisions — perhaps 300,000 troops — on the eighth day of this great Soviet offensive- of the winter that already has swept up a total of 1,000 communities. On the northern end of the biggest breach ever made in German lines, Red Army troops were plunging west of Koroslen toward Poland. At the southern end, Soviet units were driving on the Dniester across the steppe country southwest of Ka- zatin. Fall of Kazatin, yesterday further weakened the faltering Ger- man'supply network in the Southern Ukraine. The German debacle came just six weeks after Von Mannstein's army had been ordered into a counter offensive seeking vainly to recapture Kiev and regain control of the Dnieper river basin at all costs. CIVIL WAR BONPS NO GOOD Little Rock, Dec. 31 —OT— Attorney General Guy E. Williams says Arkansas bonds issued during the Civil War period under authority of the 1862 constitution are worthless. The 1868 constitution provided that no debts incurred by the state under the 1861 document "shall ever be recognized as obligatory," Williams advised Shaw Cabot, who owns two of the bonds. Yanks Hit Behind! Lines, Establish New Bridgehead By WES GALLAGHER > ' \ Allied Headquarters, Algiers;! Dec. 31 —(fP)— Fifth Army troopsj carried out a large scale raid along!,, the west coast of Italy north of the% Garigliano river yesterday <\and$ seized the initiative from the Ger-§ mans along the long stalema'tedg and water-logged front in that se'c-f tor, Allied headquarters ' an« nounced today. > j The announcement confirmed at-; least in part German broadcasts^,, that the Allies had made an am4 phibious leapfrog attack in that; area and had established a bridge-}? head. " »- • Gen. Sir Harold Alexander's' headquarters gave no details of the ~ ^ raid, but it apparently was aimedf<& at junctions controlling the coastaU road to Rome over the PontineS marshes — a highway that for Record Loads Hauled By Railroads in '43 New York — (/P) — American more freight 1943 than ever railroads carried and passengers in before in history, The volume of freight handled ran up a total of about 725,000,000,000 ton-miles compared with 638,000,000,000 in 1942 and with 333,000,000,000 in 1939. (A ton- mile is the job of carrying one ton one mile.) In addition, travel by individuals and troops climbed 276 per cent from 1939 to about 85,000,000,000 passenger-miles in 1943. "-*--**"»••"• «* **»^*J.»»H.J l>J.£«.li J.U1. **ClI£.Jv turies has been known as the'Ap-')! pian Way. , Berlin broadcasts yesterday saidfL the Allies had been prevented from* reaching the Appian Way and that| the fighting had been localized "on-, the beaches with heayy casualties^ for the landing forces. The key cilf in this battle area is MinturhV slightlj/ inland from the coast. - -The, attack by .theWUlies'i , tered a heavy two-day offensive"^ by the German Tenth Army in the ' Garigliano sector aimed at ^ they town of Ponte Flume at the mouth; of the river. \_ ' _ Headquarters gave no additional*"! information about the drive itSt\ American troops to take San Vat-1 tore, last fortified village in the val-A* ley leading to Cassmo, Bitter fight?* ing has been raging there and thef town has been reduced to rubb'le^ by Allied artillery, advices fromf the front said, but the Germans^ were dug 'into wine cellars \ lying the town where it was cult to reach them with artillery*J fire. ' __*, The communique said action else* ;'*' where on the Fifth Army front was' $ confined to patrol activity for German shelling of Mignano.' On the x Eighth Army front the.- hard-fighting troops of the ian First Division plunged another.^ mile northward fjom Ortona, PUV-ft ting their lines at about two milesjS from the city, and front-line djs.- **j patches said they had established advanced positions within " ""*' nine-' miles of the vital port c Pescara. ' Their drive was concentrated ? a German-held emplacement on hill overlooking the Adriatic see near the mouth of the Tesore river'J and controlling much of the g over which the advance is being, made. Farther inland in the Montagna, Delia Maiella range of mountaip^,j,p which tower to heights of ^W^f'*' feet and extend to a depth of J§*A miles, British troops made rajds m, deep snow, probing German post- lit tions. ,.• . . . . ij-*j It was disclosed Newfoundland... units of artillery which had fought^, with distinction in North Africa ..." „_, are attached to the Indian division is| in the Eighth Army, fighting Italy. - • The weather on both fronts was "I cold and clear, makng ground tion uncomfortable but providing 'ft perfect day for aerial and the Allied air forces ma4e most of it. 5 J For the third straight day Flying., Fortresses of the 15th U. S. AvL Force, with an escort of Lightnings.,-^ bombed the railway yards ' ~" ""^ ni on the coast in northeastern^ . Italy and other Fortresses smashe4i s ^ warehouses, repair sheds ard raUi"^ way tracks near Padua and i.aven/'ij na. J§ TO wove GAS OFFICES Little Rock, Dec. 31 —W>)— Aiv* kansas Western Gas Company. plans to move its principal offices from Little Rock to Fayetteville, it^ notified the secretary of state's office yesterday. _The company designated - - - • agent. L. L. Baxter as its new-" ; 3 Everywhere the human soul stands between a hemisphere of -| light and another of darkness; on the confines of two everlasting hostile empires. Necessity aijd, Freewill.—-Carlyle.

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