Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on December 17, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

Hope, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Friday, December 17, 1943
Page 1
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•*ww ft ^J"\ *? \ mm bt in ctf te« <t*y b«for« n Wsht Ad* cosh m <Kfwsne». th* jiroM, mirtlrtii* 39* .. _. We »«M, minimum 30* »!«•«—Se word, mlnlifcmti ?Sc tlMUHi 'Htwor4,mli>ml«m$2.70 j ort tor tontlnuous insertions only a MOKE YOU tEtl THE QUICKER YOU sat." For Sole 'It's a Ung, Long Trait. US BEFORE YOU BUY, or trade furniture. The best place In town to buy furniture. Ideal Furniture Store. 27-lmpd. SO MULES. MARES, SADDLE horses, jacks, stallions and Shet- t land ponies. All stock guaranteed, j , i Free truck delivery. At same I 'vlocation for 30 years. Windle j "-Bros. 516 West Broad., Texark- J>>rana, Texas. 23-tf| ... 'THREE- YEAR OLD SADDLE' f(,-v vn>*fllly "Natural". Fine kid pony, \half sister to the winner of - Hope Horseshow. Tom J. Ward•> low* Gosnells Clothing Store. > ' 14-6tp OUR CHRISTMAS TREES HAVE j *•> arrived. Come early and get j '•' * first choice. Monts Seed Store. ' * . ' 14-3tc FOR SALE. PHONE 221. 14-6tc i TRAINED, BIRD DOGS. s right, no bad traits. Do all but shoot the birds. I. E. Odom, Hi™ '• ^ ^ Fulton, Arkansas. 15-3tc ^OOD MILCH COW WITH YOUNG :. See Mrs. Etta Campbell, i -Emmet, Ark. north on Boyd " lt Chapel road. 15-6tp ISONE LOT OF GALVANIZED.TUBS irsf^'and one lot of ribbon cane syrup 'from Louisiana. See Tom Carrel -or phone 164. 16-3tc' »y, ±^-'/-EQUIPMENT, BRAKE RELINING ^machine. Flat top office desk and chair. Battery charger, starter drag and tester, piston ring gauge, coil and condenser tester, "armature tester. 24 pound counter scales. Volt meter. Anti-freee tester Vise (4 inch jaw) 550 X 17 pre-war inner tubes. Certificate necessary. F. H. Jones, 1510 S. Main. Phone 573-J. . 16-3tc H 0 P t S T A ft, H 6 rt, AftKANtAS >'—».'•-'..'.! !.J^gS'7T'.'5S*gJiBrflt'i l iiH •!"!•>,'.?''" Glenn Dobbs Has Chance to Break Passing Records San Antonio, Texas, Dec. 15 — .T)— Big Glenn Dobbs has knocked out old man flu and returned to the Randolph Field'practice grind, •eady to bat out a flock of tmpf- 'icial passing records in the Cotton Bowl game at Dallas. Glenn already has such marks .is seven touchdown passes in one game, 20 scoring passes in ten games and 29 completions out of 46 attempts in one "afternoon. Now he's aiming at records boasted by Davey O'Brien of Texas Christian, Bad Schwenk of Washington University (St. Louis) 'and Frankie Sinkwich of Georgia. Here's Dobbs' season record: 189 passes, 105 completions for 1402 yards, a completion average of .555-Dlus, and total offense 1,823 yards. *T' Oklahoma Glenn is almost certain to break two records and a couple of others arc in grave dan- fights Last Night By The Associated Press St. Louis —Taml Mnuriello, 197, New York slopptd Mike Alfnho, 198, Newark (6) Elizabeth, N. Y.—Jerry Coursol, 137, Valley Stream, N Y., knocked out Totiitny Hansley, 135, Brooklyn, (3.). Squirrel Mascot Is Old Beer Drinker Camp Van Dorn, Miss —(/P)—The model mascot of the 718th Held artillery battalion is in the doghouse — or, more properly, the squirrel house. Tillie, six-wecks-old fox squirrel, who "drinks beer but never to excess, eats almost anything but never gluttonixes and who never has been restricted to quarters but makes no attempt to go AWOL" (once she was reported missing but turned up two batteries away watching a ball game); Tillie, the pride and joy of Cpl. Arthur Wocr- ner of Long Island City, N. Y.. and the entire 718th, has lost her dog- tag. It bears her name and the number 00000000 1-2. Argentine Navy Helps Homeless Child Buenos Aires. — </tV Stella Mtiris Valleja can use her name for the rest of her life, but only after Her parents dragged the matter through the aid patron Thirsty shivering customers -wait in a block-long queue to buy their ration of Cleveland s meager Uauor supply at a state store (upper), and it's much the same situation at Noumea, New Caledonia fCr) whff'e you see Yank soldiers and-sailors lined up .for their daily two bottles of beer. (Lower (lower), wnereyo NEA . Acme photographer Frank Frist, Jr., for War Picture Pool.) if?' For Rent S,,^WORKING COUPLE OR TWO to share home. 7-tf '' settled ladies Call 660. BEDROOM WITH -ADJOINING 'g bath. Private entrance. Near •' business district? 423 North Elm. " 16-3tp Wonted SPORTS •By Hugh S. Fnllertai. Ji. Associated Press Sports Columnist New York, Dec. 16 — W)— If tomorrow night's Sammy Angott- Bobby Ruffin sight is anything like the Maurie Waxman-Mike' Jacobs preliminary, it ought to be a honey. Maurie has had; Jacobs' beach in an uproar host, of this week by insisting the fight was off unless Bobby was guaranteed a tussle with Beau Jack, win, lose or draw ... He settled for a promise tinction of being the oldest football player scheduled to go to work in a New Year's Bowl game this season. Morse, 33, is director of the tactical officer school at Randolph Field, Tex., and a/member of the Rambler grid team that will play Texas in the Cotton Bowl . . . En- Francis Bukaty, former three- with fingers crossed Ralph FIRE TRUCK AND TRI- Mr. Pankey, Phone 768. 15-3,tp FOR TWO LADIES' TO ,,Lone Star plant on swing shift. 750-W. 16-3tp . Kandel, the N. Y. :U. basketball player, als<£ is a Broadway stage performer,, "He has appeared in "Stage Door Canteen" and "Junior Miss." . •'.'•;. N.- Y. U. fans will settle for a few "hits", when he aims at the basket .... . . Babe Holing- bery and Buck .Shaw, who will handle the West team in the New Year's East-Wide football game, will be getting their first ; taste of ' Washington By JACK STINNETT Washington — In Congress now hearings are being held before the Subcommittee on War Contract Mili- Terminations o£ the Senate tary Affairs Committee. It is one of those subjects generally considered dull as dishwater. Although labor and industry are interested mightily, they aren't particularly "het up" about it and to much of the public "contract termination" is only a vague term that isn't worth a second thought. That it's worth more than a i second and even third thought be- Kansas U. is at the New Orleans comes obvious with the sea gun armed guard center awaiting duty with a merchant ship crew. Bukaty joined the navy as an athletic specialist a month before Pearl Harbor and served in the Pacific aboard the U.S. Blackhawk, which saw plenty of action. that a sloppy, inept policy of contract terminations could wreck industry when war draws to a close and bring unprecedented unemployment, industrial chaos and de- half as far along in making post war plans for his employes as most of the big Industrialists although he employs far more than any of them (about 310,000.). Some steps have been taken, just recently, when it became apparent that the government could not honestly argue legislation forcing or even urging business to take steps it had not already taken itself. If the Budget Bureau hasn't asked every agency, it soon will demand from them all an outline of their plans for reconversion to peacetime. At the White House, "assistant president" James F. Byrnes has an organization at work coordinating the conversion plans into an overall policy. Some weeks ago, Byrnes said that every agency should assign at least one competent person to working out a program for conversion. This, in some in- 'stances, might consist o£ liquidation or a change of duties. A few days later, the president publicly requested Byrnes to establish a coordinating unit. It is considered certain here now that Bernard M. Baruch will have considerable to say about this when he makes his over-all report on conversion and demobilization. But as in so many instances, the question of jurisdiction is still up in the air ger. Dobbs will need only ten completions to crack Schwenk's mark of 114 per season, and with 50 yards gained in the air can smash the record of 1457 yards in a season held by O'Brien and Schwenk. O'Brien has the highest percentage in pass completions — 557. Dobbs is less than two points behind that. The record for total passes thrown is 234, made by O'Brien and Schwenk, Glenn will need 46 throws to smash that — the same number he tried against the North Texas Aggies this year. In total offense Dobbs two courts and invoked ol the Argentine navy's saint, The courts agreed to allow the infant, nameless since her birth Agu. 2, 1942, to sue the Latin name meaning "Star of the Sea" despite previous court rulings that children may not be given foreign nnmcs which cnnnot be translated into Spanish. The lower court judges considered the j Stella Marls when translated to*Star of the Sea, "results in a ridiculous and extravagant name in a society like the Agrentlnc where the names arc derived from .historical personages, the calendar and, with very rare exceptions, known gergraphical places." Lawyers for Scgundo (translated "Second") E. Valleja, Stella's father, won their case, however, when they reminded the higher court that Stella Mari'ls is oi\e ol the names given the Virgin Mary, as patron saint of the Argentine Navy. . - —»'J,t ', *V- — Dog Food Tasted All Right to Him Jacksonville, Fla. — (fP)— Mac Ulsch, assistant superintendent of the,; municipal street cleaning department, told it on himself. He became hungry and raided the refrigerator during the night. Noticing two bowls, he used the contents of one to make a sandwich. It tasted so good he made another. Next morning Mrs. Ulsch inquired if he knew anything about the missing food. He explained and YEAR: VOL. 45—NO. 54 lave to do some tall stepping, because Sinkwich rolled up 2187 yards. That would mean a gain of 364 yards for Blcnn against Texas, But to those who have seen the great Dobbs perform this year, .hat doesn't appear impossible. It's the fear of that very thing When word Reached Jacobs! that slows down the industrial Beach that Hank Nakamura, who fought in all the small clubs around New York, was in an army outfit that battled for eight days without college coaching for the season. Both represent schools that j combers rema'rked: "Hank dropped football. - - - . ' have thought he was back ' eight rounder at Ridgewood war effort every time we win victories and it appears that our enemies may be crushed within a few months. No industrialist wants a letup in Italy, one of the beach- to be caught napping when peace _-_uT™ ,.« m o.l^- "Wank must, comes and (hose who can get. out GOOD USED BABY HIGH CHAIR. Call Mrs. George Dodds. 16-3tp Notice li- ICHRISTMAS GIFTS ON DISPLAY f^and on hand at my home. All i ^kinds of Fuller brushes. 902 ,, cSouth • Fulton, Phone 138. Mrs. VjjLoon Bundy. 23 U I CHRISTMAS S.PECIAL FOR 30 ^-'days only! Mattresses remade. VTSheeting 3,05. Striped tick, 5.95. ' ' delivery Phone 152. Hope Co. 24-lmp GIVE MAGAZINE SUBSCRIPT- *tfions for Christmas. Not rationed ,'^y.et. New or renewal subscrip- «tjofis on any magazine. See Chas. Jteynersonat Cfty Hall. 30-tmc CHRISTMAS SPECIAL! HAVE ' your mattress remade. Cobb's Observation Post Pacific Coast conference faculty athletic representatives and graduate managers decided that all ten conference colleges will get their regular cuts of the Rose Bowl game eceipts this season although six of hem quit cold on regular season ootball . .. Wonder if they could lave been listening when Judge Jramham revived those 16 inactive >aseball leagues at the minors' convention? One-Mniute Sports Page Boston fans are trying to steam up a charity basketball game between Rhode Island and Dartmouth, New England's top teams which won't ordinarily look at aech ,Mattress Shop, Phone 445-J. 712 West 4th, 13-6tp Services Offered TYPES OF HOME AND repairs. Specialize in ilf' /4ieroofing. Estimates fjree. A. M phone 221. ' 294mp Wanted to Rent OR THREE ROOMS, UN- IK- r*rumished. Phone 23-W-4. ' 16-6tp FIVE Grove." must '• comes ana mose wno can get' in an °f tnc production of war goods and into the production of civilian goods soonest are going to skim the cream from that lush vat of savings being held against the day when we can buy all the things we want to buy. In order to do that, they are going to have to wind up their war business with Uncle Sam speedily and without loss of working capi- nnomvtal. That's what "contract termi-nation" means but its magnitude can only be appreciated When you look at the facts. It's a cinch now that there isn't going to be any single V-day when all our enemies will fold lip at once as they did in 1918. But if there were such a day, there would be between fifty and 75 billion dollars of unfinished bus- other Sammy Angott the NBA . lightweight champ, has lost only one fight a year since 1938. He reached his 1943 quota when he Field of 116 Compete in Miami Open Miami, Fla., Dec. 16 —(/P)—General Chairman H. H. Arnold looked over the field of 116 who began competition in the Miami Open Golf tournament today and predicted the man who could shave two strikes off par for the 72 hole grind probably would win. A score of 278 would not be bril- i iness between Uncle Sam and war would More than 2, menls of the U ganlzritlons are the Western herni ^^^^^XHWHWHHBHHBB ^rf^^^^Tv^^^^^^'^"*^ Star I Arkansas: Fair with slightly higher temperatures this afternoon, i tonight and Saturday; lowest temperatures tonight 18 to 24 in/east, j 24 to 28 in west portibn* HOPE, ItKAHSAS, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 17, 1943 (AP)—Means Attbeto<*d. / (NEA)—M«am N«w$pop*r EntirprlM Au'h r>RICE 56 r*"- ' '"'•' rlin Left urnin Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN Freedom of Speech—and Press 40th Anniversary of Flight In the three-judge decision which favored the government against the Associated Press—although not decisively—there appeared this sentence: said he was sorry. "Oh, I don't mind if you don't," she said. "It just happens that you ate most of the dog's food." Nearly $00,000,000 worth of equipment was distributed by the Office of Civilian Defense in 1942. <* IN STOCK--- Radiant Heaters ." Automatic Water Heaters Automatic Water Systems' Harry W. Shiver Plumbing - Heating <r Suggestions FOR THE CHRISTMAS MALE liant in this event which Sammy Snead won in 1937 with a 267. Byron Nelson was the victor in 1940 with duke to .. When dropped a strong .. Creighton Miller of Notre Dame and his brother Tom were high school boys in Cleveland, their fav- Henry Arm- a 271 and Jug McSpaden took the All-American top prize last year with 1 272. But Snead is in the armed services and Nelson and McSpaden were unable to participate. They Under the circumstances Arnold they thinks his prediction is a good one orite sport was swimming. switched to football when moved to Wilmington, Del., and en- i and there arc some who .think he industries. This would involve something like 250,000 primary contracts and more than 5,000,000 subcontractors. On many of them, can merely say we Uncle Sam don't want that now. But in many instances he can't say that without wrecking the producer who may have millions tied up in raw materials and overhead, -and without throwing tered a school that had no swimming team. After his first workout in a gym here seven-foot Bob Kur- lane of Oklahoma A. and M. made a natural request for two towels. The dubbed . . . Alter seeing him operate against City College, Careen fans changed it 'to "too tall." over optimistic. In fact, old-timers recall ! hundreds of communities into an that unemployment panic as manage- Gene Sarazcn won the event in 1930 ment scurries to financial cover with a 30, the all-time high. 'The j by firing millions. Conecticut square, who is play- : In addition, it is estimated that • - • id have around fif- tied up on partially the top ten by the boys in the club- 1 completed contracts. The problem house. ! arises-.of how best Uncle Sam can ._^ ____ __. ____ _____ | gym"' 'attendant promptly | ing little nowadays and got in only : industry would l him "two towel Kurland." j one practice round, is rated among I teen billions ti scenes. The Budget Bureau is in the picture. So is the War Manpower Commission, and various agencies within it. The Veterans Administration would like to speak for veterans returning to government .lobs. Selective Service feels that it is the logical agency to re verse the order >'of the draft. More important than any ol these; so far as government em ployes are concerned, is the Clvi! Service Commission. It is reportedly making an over-all study of firing and rehiring, as well as how to cushion unemployment for the tens of thousands of temporary and emergency federal workers. These so-called "temporaries" and "war service employes" will have to be the first to go. Some will have accumulated leave which will carry them for a few weeks while they are searching for new jobs, but in most instances it will be no more than enough to pay the fare home. It looks like a job for Congress and it has been rumored that Civil Service, probably with administration backing, will lay before the legislators some plan to put the federal war workers at least on the same basis as those in private enterprises. It should be pointed out that this isn't at all inconsistent with facts outlined in the previous article that there may be very little net decline in government civilian employment for years after peace comes. There will be a tremendous turnover, as veterans return and temporary war workers seek to get out or are forced out without ratings for reinstatement in other agencies. All in all, it's a messy state of affairs and isn't making the war workers any happier or contributing to government efficiency in the war effort. Sea rf s 100% Pure Wool, White, Navy, Khoki, Stripes and Plaids. 98c «, 2.49 Special 100% Wool Scarfs, in Stripes and Plaids. They say history repeats itself. ! dodge taking delivery of OR SIX-ROOM HOUSE Ward 1 or 2. Employed in Reasonably permanent. No children. Reference. Call Star. 2-tfdh. OR FOUR ROOM FURN- ished apartment for permanent family. Contact Hope Star. 30-tf fOUR OR FIVE ROOM UNFURN- , ished house. Permanent residence. Contact Ray Woodall at Scooped Probably you think the worst fejephone Business Office. 13-6tp Lost or Strayed BA^Y HORSE MULE, THREE year old, weight 900 Ibs. Last seen in direction of Falcon, Thursday night. Reward J. M. Overton, Rosston, Rt. 3. 15-6tp ONE BLUE SPECKLE HOUND has wart under right side stomach. Answers to name of Smookey. Last seen December 15 ^Igft of Spring Hill road. 3 miles J ftQfn town. Finder return to Tom Dugkett and receive $5.00 reward. 16-3tpd race horse that ever existed was the one that ran out of the money with your dough riding on him. but "Semper Avanti" tells in the "thoroughbred record" of a nag.called Sad News that probably takes the prize . . . Running on the Texas bush tracks some 35 years ago Sad News slid down the scale until he ran with a $35 claiming tag on him. Then he was given to a Houston newspaper, which hitched him to a paper route cart and put him on the depot run . . . The first time out he was beaten by the opposition paper, which used a Shetland pony. National Open Champion Craig Wood is entered, but underwent an operation some months ago and not yet fully recovered. Sammy Byrd, the former base- planes, guns, etc., which tanks, are no longer good for anything but the junk pile, without leaving the manufacturers holding the sack, There - has already been testi- 69c Robes Men's 100% Pure Wool Robes by Botany. Colors: Navy Maroon. and bailer who is now a Detroit pro, is mony introduced that some of our Service Dept. Major Raymond "Butch" Morse, former Oregon end claims the dis- Poems Moke Big Hit With Soldiers favorite to make Arnold's prediction come true. He has been shooting par 70 consistently in the practice rounds. It is a conglomerate field with enough color to draw the galleries and throw the tournament wide open. And so far as Arnold is concerned, that is all to the good. Sports Mirror By The Associated Press Today A Year Ago—Gloria Callen swimmer, named No. 1 Woman Athlete of the year. Three Years Ago—Joe DiMaggio topped American League batters for second straight year with .352. Five Years Ago—Earl (Dutch) Clark signs two-year contract re- I ported at $10,000, as coach of Cleve- biggest producers, some employing as many as 50,000- rncn, are operating on such narrow margins of working capital that they couldn't go on for more than a week or two if the Government suddenly should suy we want no more of your product. ' ; Thought of in those terms, "con- truct termination" becomes one of the vital issues of today. It is one peacetime issue that must be decided while war is going on. To delay might, cause far greater waste than any the economy minded Congressmen are talking about today. NQTI^I For Taxi Service — C A t L 679 — (Careful Drivers) IRVINQ T. URREY Owner and Manager London WW First edition of the J land Rams Middle East soldier-poets' an- j thology, "Oasis," has practically ' sold out and a second run of 3,000 copies will be issued soon. Sgt. Victor Selwyn, one of the three editors, attributes the volume's popularity among troops to • limit informer's suits. Today in Congress By The Associated Press Senate — continues study of bill to "the fact that poetry remains one of the few emotional outlets left for men on active service." Compiled at the time of Alamein, "Oasis" contains 51 poems out of 300 submitted. Banking committee may vote on Commodity Credit Bill, subsidies— Judicury subcommittee reopens liquor shortage hearings. House — take up deficiency appropriations bill. Washington — Uncle Sum isn't Men, Women! Old at 40,50,60! Want Pep? Want to Feel Younger, More Vim? Do you blame exhausted, worn-out, ruuduvra leel- lD£if on your use? JJ.steu! You can fuel peplew, low In vitality, old at 40, GO or flu. solely because your body \A Ucriclctu lu Iron. O.ttrex Toulo Tablets RUp- ply reul medicinal dusea ol Iron, 23 TJMES .toiul , . tiiuiu dully nutritional rorjulrtmieiul Also Vltftiul I)], T \VKJK minimum dully imtrltluuul requtre- immt.. Tfl'JU.HAUda who Ml [te pleas, wonj-uut. old, solely Uticuuse , j o iron- IK tor, positively uuiutfU »t results of Optrex; feel pctiplfr, ycurd younger. So If ihfti-'uyuur trouble don* i full LU try OatrexTOJJAY, Good uewc! Out ttpeclul introductory rtU*o/(jy Jjfiql At all drug stores everywhere — in Hope, at Cox nnd Gibson Drugs Expert Pressing and Dry Cleaning Only safe, harmless cleaning agents are used by us, and we remove all spots and stains without hurting fabrics. If your suit only needs a pressing, bring it in for careful, satisfactory work. A Trial Will Prove It. HALL BROS. £le«ners ft Hatter* Phone 385 12.95 Jackets Men's Leather Jackets of Genuine Goat-Skin Leather. Full Zipper Front, Rayon Lined. 14.95 Men's Leather Jackets In Cape Skin. Zipper Front, Rayon Lined. 11.95 Wear These Glad - Plaids] To Keep Warm They Are Manhattan's — For Work — For Sport Tailored with finesse, of a fabric woven to insulate your skin — these shirts come in reproductions of authentic clan plaids. Smart to give! 2.50 Ties Men's Ties by Manhattan — 1,00 °nd 1.50 Ties by Wembley — 1.00 Ties by Phoenix — 59c Socks. Interwoven Socks lor Men. FINIST PiPARTMiNT STOR7 Chas, A, Haynes Co. I i French Troops Score Successes in Italy Battle By WES GALLAGHER Allied Headquarters, Algiers, Dec. 17 —(/P)— French troops, entering the war on the European mainland the first time since 1940, have scored outstanding successes against the Germans in mountain fighting in Central Italy, it was announced today. The French have been in forward positions alongside British and American soldiers for some time, but their presence was not disclosed until today's communique from Allied headquarters. 'They are the'same troops which fought alongside the Allies in Tunisia, but since then have been completely re-equipped with American uniforms, guns and rnaterials. .- Soon after moving up to the battlefront the French participated in a scries of local attacks, capturing several important German hilltop positions and taking a number of prisoners, who expressed surprise at finding the French in action. The French forces had been trained in North Africa under di- r'ectidn_ of Gen. Henri Giraud and theirsU5g. i gf M Amej:ican arms,came under' arrangements made at the Casablanca conference last January. Their presence created a sensation among the Italian people and the quick successes of the French soldiers contrasted sharply with the abortive efforts recently of the first Italian militia to be sent into the Allied lines. Announcement of the participation of the French coincided with, an aerial assault the second successive day on German communications and supply lines in the Alpine region of Northern Italy, where heavy bombers wrecked rail facilities at Padua and Dogna. Ground fighting by both the Fifth and Eighth Armies was confined largely to consolidating previous gains and to bitt local battles for strategic advantages. Gen. Mark W. Clark's Allied troops on the western end of the batllefront assaulted the German bastion of a* high point on the road to Rome, and the attacking infantry ran into a scries of concrete pillboxes and other strong points resulting In fierce hand-to- hand fighting. Other heavy skirmishes were reported west of Fillignano, where two more hills were taken. Farther south a serious German counterattack was beaten off in the mountains. Headquarlevs said the Fifth Army also took "a number of hills" further inland. The Germans intensified their ef- "Thc effect of our judgment -® will be, not to restrict members as to what they shall print, but only to compel them to make their dispatches accessible to others." That word "accessible" disturbs the Chicago Times, which is a bystander in the bitter local fight between AP-Member Chicago Tribune and the New Deal Chicago Sun vhich sought membership and was refused. The three-judge decision (although one dissented) leads in the direction of government censorship of the press, and the Associated Press ought to carry the fight to the supreme court, in the opinion of the Times, which argues like this: Russians Firmly Establish Upper Hand Near Kiev By HENRY C. CASS1DY Moscow, Dec. 17 —(/P) •— Gen. Nikolai Vatutin's First Ukraine Army appeared to have firmly established the upper hand west of <iev today after more than five weeks of desperate fighting against icavy German infantry and tank attack. Russian counterattacks dislodged the enemy from several settlements in the Teterev river sector -65 miles west of the Ukraine capital the second successive day yesterday, Russian communique saidj enabling Vatulin's columns to resume their drive northwest -of Radomysl. Nazi Marshall Fritz Von Mzann- 'Dispatches' are 'copy. 1 We have made it plain that we're unskilled in law, . but we do know the history of printing and of news 'copy.' The phrase of compulsion in the court's decision upsets every intention of the founders of our nation in the Constitution and Bill of •.' ?. ! "'V" w e don't think a court has "the" rignt to compel a citizen to share his 'copy' with anyone against his will, If it stands, anything a citizen writes is in danger of being 'accessble' to someone else if that someone else can establish that delivery to him would be in the 'public interest.' 'Public interest' always has been the alibi for suppression of the preferred freedoms of speech and religion. John Milton's writings were 'accessible' to a censor because parliament compelled it. ..'^W.ojm* the court's. decision, lias" sorhe i elements of victory for the government. In substance, by upholding the right of AP to restrict its membership, it may be said to be a victory for AP. But there is something at stake besides the interest of AP. It's the right of every citizen to unrestrained freedom of expression by speech, writing, publishing and worship. "The majority judges admit they may be wrong. We think they are. They allow time for an appeal to the supreme court. The AP ought to appeal. It's a public duty." * * * Forty years ago today, December 17, 1903, at Kitty Hawk, N. C., Orville and Wilbur Wright made the first powered flight in the history stein's hold on that important stronghold, lying between the Kor- osten-Kiev and Zhitomir-Kiev main j highways, is now seriously threatened by the Russian gains, dispatches from the front indicated. Meanwhile Gen. Ivan S. Konev's Second Ukraine Army, 20 miles to he south, pressed its attack below captured Cherkas toward the rail unction of Smela and repulsed fierce German counterattacks aunched from the partly-encircled industrial city of Kirovograd, 65 •niles southwest of Kremenchug. In these twin drives on Smela and Kirovograd, in which Red Army airmen participated by blasting the Smela railway station and blowing up an enemy train and other transport, Soviet troops killed 900 Germans, captured a number of villages and picked up considerable stores of abandoned war material, the Russian war bulletin said. (The German radio, Arawe Peninsula Hold Established by Americans By MORRIE LANDSBERG :, Assooiaed Press War Edttorv Jungle - trained troops of the American Sixth army established a hold on the Arawe peninsula v of New Britain today as the Allies moved into a mighty campajjfn against the southwestern bulwark of Japan's defense line in the P.a- cific. Assault forces waded ashore in pre-dawn moonlight Wednesday in a combined operation of land, sea and air units, and quickly obtained a footing on the southwestern coast of the 300-mile long island which the Japanese seized early in 1942. Advices today from Gen. Douglas MacArthur's headquarters indicated that enemy resistance had been broken and that soldiers of Lt. Gen. Walter Kruegcr's Sixth Army were consolidating their positions on the L-shaped peninsula. The long - awaited invasion, threatening the approaches to-, the Philippines and the Netherlands East Indies, was accompanied by new air blows against the enemy elsewhere in the vast Pacific battle front. The Japanese showed signs of aerial reinforcements in the .central Pacific- as the U. S. Seventh Air Force continued the , almost daily attacks on the Marshall islands. Thirty enemy planes challenged a raid Wednesday on Taroa on the Maloelap atoll. Two were downed, eight probably, and eight more damaged. But for the first lime in five weeks, an American Liberator was listed as-lost.. The main fortified base of Wotje in the Marshalls also came under Today's War Map admitting of the world. At that time someone said for Continued on Page Four) Keeping Up With Ration Coupons Processed and Canned Foods: November 1—First day for green stamps A, B and C in Ration Book 4. November 20 — Last day for blue stamps X, Y and Z in Ration Book 2. December 20—Last day for green stamps A, B and C in Ration Book 4. Meat, Cheese. Butter and Fats: November 31 — First day for brown stamp L in Book 3. November 28 — First day for stamp M in Book 3. December 4 — Last for for brown stamps G, H, J and K in Book 3. December 5 — First day for brown stamp N in Book 3. December 12 — First day for brown stamp P in Book 3. December 19 — First day for brown stamp Q in Book 3. January 1-Last day for brown stamps L, M, N, P and Q m Book 3. ^November 1 - First day for sugar stamp No. 29 in Ration Book 4, Good for five pounds. ^ November 21-Last day for No 8 coupons in A Ration Book good earthbound man to actually fly was the miracle of the ages, Forty years later that judgment still stands. The Wright brothers revolutionized peace-time civilization, completely changed the art of war th'at had stood intact for thousands of years — and the built of peace-time changes is yet to come, when this war is over. Forty years later we salute America's most famous brothers, in the person of the living member of that team, Orville Wright, Five Arkonsons Are Missing in Action Washington, Dec, 17 — (If)— Names of Five Arkansans missing in action were included in a list ' strong Russian counter-drives west of- Kiev, "announced "at the same: time that at least three Soviet offensives were now under way in White Russia, one south of Nevel, a second west of Krichev in the Mo- gilev area and the third southwest of Zhlobin. Berlin said heavy fighting was taking place on all three fronts, but that the Russians have failed to achieve material gains.) Moscow paid major attention to developments in the Kiev bulge where Vatutin apparently has broken the back of another determined sally -by Von Mannstein's tanks. The fighting centered along the Te- terev river between Radomysl and Malin to the north, and the Soviet war bulletin said a German ' attempt to force an unmaed water barrier (probably the Teterev) was dispersed, with the Germans leaving 800 dead on the field of battle. In the fighting above the Dnie- per bend, the communique said, vanguards of Konev's army tromed forward to the outskirts of mela under cover of a devastating rtillery barrage which was slow-' made public ment today. 'by the war depart- T-Sgt. Jack D. Miller, son of Andrew J. Miller, Pine Bluff, and S-Sgt. Vernon L. Mulvaney, son ol Mrs. Stella Mulvaney, Bradford, are missing in action in the European area Missing in the Mediterranean area are S-Sgt. Gene Dill, husband of Mrs. Gene Dill 38 E. Rock St., Fayetteville; Sgt. William R, Hayes, son of Alsey L. Hayes route 5, El Dorado, and Pvt. Pau J. Newman, son of Paul E. New man, Bonanza. Not Quite So Cold , Mercury 14 Degrees The Experiment Station reporte a lo wof 14 degrees last night, tw degrees warmer than the recor 12 recorded on Wednesday nigh Although continued cold was pre dieted the weather bureau indicate crumbling the defenses of nportant communications upply center. that and British May Name An Acting Leader air bombardment, while, the j Solomons air force showed'no:signs of relenting its heavy -assault^on;Jaf anese positions on Bougainville, where American troops are steadily enlarging their holdings. And while the invasion force swept in on Arawe, heavy and medium Allied bombers pounded other Japanese positions-along both coasts of New Britain. The targets were the Cape Gloucester area, 70 miles from Arawe; Gasmata, 81 miles east of Arawe, and the Vu- nakanau airdrome at Rabaul, main enemy base on New Britain. Seven hours after the first assault on Arawe, Brig. Gen. Jullian Cunningham, commander of the invading force, messaged Gen MacArthur that "our objective is attained." Later word said patrols had been organized to search ou the enemy in the rainsoaked jungles. ' . • The objective was attained at a relatively light cost in American dead and wounded, and with not a single loss among the Allied planes and ships which bombarded the intended beachhead before and during the landings. Japanese bombers attempted to pounce on the beachhead when the Americans had barely dug in, but a spokesman for Gen. MacArthur said each attack was repelled by Allied fighters. U.S. Subs Sink Eight More Japanese Ships By JUDSON Q'QUINN London, Dec. 17 —(IP) —Prime . . . ., Minister Churchill undoubtedly will eight.more Japanese ships m the . . 13«.i n if in i Via naifv annniinpon infmv. Washington, Dec. 18 — UP American submarines have sunk it would be. considerably warmer ! ry. require a long period for recuperation from his second pneumonia attack in 10 months and consequently it was expected today that Britain's war cabinet might name an acting leader to serve in his absence, Somewhere in the Middle East he is under care of three physicians, including a heartspecialist. The prime minister's illness was announced yesterday morning, taking the nation by complete surprise an4 arousing quick anxiety. The London press >yas virtually unanimous in suggesting that on his return he delegate to assistants a great portion of the tasks that have kept him up almost daily under the wee hours of the morning. There seemed general agreement that a long convalescence .was in prospect for the stricken leader despite the incredible energy still apparent in his seventieth year (he observed his 09th birthday during the Teheran conference) and the driving force that raised the British empire from the dark days of 1940 to the dawn of a day of victo- Pacific, the navy announced today. The announcement said that the latest bag by U. S. submarines in- Death Toll of Train Wreck Reaches 70 .-* By RALPH L. HOWLAND Luberton, N. C., Dec. 17 —(/P)— The toll of known dead in the southeast's worst railroad disaster rose to 70 today as wreckers worked with little success to pry apart four ;elescoped passenger cars that still slocked the Atlantic coast line's double-track mainline from New Yor.k to. Florida. .,, ' ., ]'.L,. '''The'." body"' of an unidentified ! ci* vilian was recovered from the wreckage early today. Red' Cross and railroad officials here reported eight more bodies were believed locked in a section of one of the cars which had not been entered. The four steel cars, stacked one on top of the other, were so jammed together that they were little. bigger than one car is normally. The wrecking rains were able to move the pyramided coaches only six feet all night. The double pileup of the two crack flyers resulted in a death list just short of that in the wreck of the Congressional Limited in Philadelphia last September when 80 persons lost their lives, The southeastern seaboard's worst previous rail wreck occurred at Rockmart, Ga., in 1926 when 20 were killed. The biggest wreck toll in the nation's railroad history was 115 killed at Nashville, Tenn., July 9, 1918. Workers toiled throughout the night and continued today in 12- degree weather to clear the tracks and remove the dead. C. G. Sibley, vice president of the coast line, today put the time of the derailment of No. 91, the southbound train, at 12:50 a. m. Northbound train No. 8 struck the derailed cars between 1:25 and 130 a. m., Sibley said, "Our information is that the fireman on train 91 went ahead of his train to flag the northbound train, but did not succeed in stopping the train with his red lantern," the spokesman said in a statement. "He had a fuse but he stumbled and fell and it broke and he used his lantern. The engineer on No 8. . NEA Service Telepnoto American forces landed on Cape Merkus, New Britain and the islands of Arawe and Pilelo at 7:30 a. m. Dec. 15, cutting Jap supply lines between Gasmata and Cape Gloucester. • : Lt.-Col. J. C. Brier, Commanding Officer, Describes Work of Southwestern Proving Ground the target—must be tested to make sure it has proper flight characteristics .and will gcvtrue to the, oti- The Southwestern Proving® . Ground was placed at Hope be- ; which .carries the TNT charge to cause it is centrally located to a' large group of munitions plants whose output '• we regularly test,' 1 'iit;»Cpl. J,- C/Brier, : hew commanding officer of the' SPG, toloT Hope Rotary club at its luncheon today noon in Hotel. Barlow, i Introduced by A B. Patten of the program commiU.es, Lt.-Col Briej outlined the functions of the proving ground as these: : 1. To test ammunition under conditions approximately equal to those of the troops in the field—the ballistic acceptance lest, showing that shells will do the job they were designed for. , • ' • 1 2. To serve in a consulting capacity to the munitions manufacturing plants on technical difficulties. Most of the munitions plants started from scratch, with few or no skilled operators, "Our hats are off to American industry for having made a speedy and successful conversion to war implements in this emergency," Lt.-Col. Brier said. 3. To do development work—the findings on which will prove or disprove certain theories about certain ammunition. All the original whether it will "stanH"upMinder the beating it takes;frbm the propulsion charge in the .gun. . < Unscrewing the hose-tip of the shell, Lt.-Col. Brier explained that when the .shell. strikes, on target: (1) The .detonator explodes; her hind this, the 'booster, charge hits the main TNT charge—and the shell explodes. Other guests of the Rotary :club today were:. ...'.. Lt. Ed Jack McCabe of Hope, back from 11 months' overseas service in England.' and North Africa, on anti-submarine work; and Clarence Smith, Rdtarian of Little Rock. Heavy Force of RAF Planes Bla: German Capital -Europ. By W. W. HERCHER London, Dec. 17 — (IP)— «Strlcke| Berlin heaved up fields -of flarrt and smoke again last night-fas hui. dreds of giant, black"RA"F*b6nf6 ers loosed thunderous explosives^! the Nazi nerve center the*41st' timl this year. ( , ''• : Stockholm' dispatches'> capital city was burning again^to® day after a two weeks respite, ,tHe flames from her gultedfbaildifigji "reddening the sky;"' Telephone communication was irregular,_ f" the capital's transport was v rep< ed paralyzed from streets "choketi with debris. • , '"JJfffif" The sixth raid on the/tcapitalf a month was launched'from Br^ ain just after American r Liberatoii and Flying: Fortresses retalrned^inl twilight from their daylightYraid|| on Northwest Germany." . Thgi Eighth air force did not specify th'Q Americans' target, but the Gefrnanj communique said the 'fleets wer^ea over Helgoland bay and "droppec^ a great nurrtber of high explosives md incendiary bombs on resident;--! ial quarters in a number of ilocalf-| ties in .Northwestern Germany^ and Bremen, It acknowledged'paw ticularly heavy damage to Bremen itself,, the big U-boat base 'tffip Americans .battered Nov.- 26 -and'^l The degree of the Berlin 'assauJJ —more than 1,500 bombs — and : the with which it was pressed home~d,eS spite the loss of 30 bombers, ,-lefJl no doubtvthe RAF intends to' v fimsfil the job; of leveling what'remains' of the capital city's acres ^fagj tbries, government buildings, fjjja|p cial institutions and warehouses^ ^UK;;^ liners tha'd a chance 'tb*falUl¥sleepJ more?than 15,000 tons oft,fii|lil^ plosives and incendiaries "have be showered upon,the blackened 1 ain shattered cvty. - / ^ j There was no clear indication^of- what area of Berlin the RAF/cb-R-1 CCC Extended Short Period by Senate cluded two large transports, two large tankers, three medium freighters and a small freighter. The sinkings raised to 524 the number of Japanese ships hit by our submarines so far in the war. This included 374 sunk, 36 probably sunk and 114 damaged. Secretary of Navy Frank Knox said recently there was definite evidence that the Japanese are growing desperately short of merchant tonage and are being forced more and more to rely on barges for transport and supply. Worst oTCold Wove Is Believed Past Little Rock, Dec, 17 —(#)— Arkansans started coming out of a development work was done at the, Washington, Dec. 17 — (ff)—Given - -- 'assurances by Majority Leader Barkley of Kentucky that the administration would not institute and new food subsidies in the interim, the Senate today spe.edily approved a resolution extending the life' of the Commodity Credit Corporation for 60 days beyond Jan. 1. The action, deferring final disposition of the food subsidy issue until early next 'year, was unopposed by either side in the prolonged controversy. The resolution was adopted by void* vote and sent to the House where prompt concurrence was expected. Barkley told the Senate prior to Aberdeen .Proving Ground, Maryland, the parent plant—but some development work is now being done at the SPG.. 4. To develop tests simulating actual service conditions. One way to test a land mine would be to run a tractor over it, the sp^akei said; but this would mean the loss of a tractor with each successful test. "We have to develop tests equally effective but less drastic," he said. Lt.-Col. Brier produced from a large paper container a completely assembled 75 mm. howitzer shell. Noting the nervous glances of the evidently did not see the fireman's signal. We understand that the sleet, and snowstorm was still in progress at that time. The flagman on 91 went back to protect trains following on the southward track. A formal investigation will be held to develop the facts with respect to the action of the crews of both rains." Arkansan Promoted Washington, Dec. 17 —(IP)— Second lieutenants Walter Arthur Suberg, Jr., and Jack Forest Pyle, both of Little Rock, Ark,, have been ordered to active duty, the War Department announced today. centrated s on last night although private information reaching ^ en 'indicated the central ''<sectibnj| sufferedt,h,eavily, "* The:Swiss radio said the 'foreigjil office district was struck, *'and onej Berlin broadcast clung to the- x fa|l miliar jline that the residential area, had been the target. ! The German high command, its broadcast communique! acknowledged only "considerable. 1 damage" had resulted. Canadian fliers who participated 1 agreed-the, .capital had been given a staggering blow. < ff "Heavy clouds made it difficult^ to assess the damage with""accur'V acy, but judging from the glow\T, think our concentration of bombs'^ must have done great 'damage,"'.' ^ *aidf said Lt, Rod Dunphy, 'of Winnipeg;** Another Canadian flier saidf flares had illuminated the,path tof* Berlin for 25 miles. He (said the? clouds effectively blanketed defen-, sive searchlights, but the reflected^ fires from the burning city'could be"' seen plainly as they departed^ homeward. While the heavy bombers thus engaged, Mosquilos stabbed Western Germany and other planes. *„] attacked targets in Northern" France, brief hibernation today, as weather man predicted that tonight and tomorrow. for three gallons B and C or coupons are good for two gallons each. NEW GAME REFUGE OPEN Little Rock, Dec. 17 — OT— The state's new game and fish refuge in Monroe county has been opened to the public but there will be no good duck shooting until there's more water, Secretary T. A. Me- Amis of the Arkansas Game and Commission says. Prayers went up throughout the nation for his quick recovery. King George I arranged for a messenger to bring him hourly news. The Daily Sketch devoted its entire front page to a Churchill photograph with the caption: "The man to whom so many owe so much," a few lines te-Uiug of his illness, and » quotation from Psahns 86: 1546: the the worst of the cold wave was past. Temperatures were generally milder last night and today. Fort Smith reported a miniWmm of 23, Texarkana 22, and Batesville, 12. The weather bureau predicted a continued rise tonight and tomorrow. WO.MAN FATALUY BURNED Hot Springs, Dec, 17 — (ff)— Mrs. Thekna Lee, 20, was fatally burned at her home when her ' housecoat caught fire yesterday. She was heating a bottle for her six-month- old baby. Rotarians the colonel grinned and th ^vote offTcials of the CCC and said, "It's empty-it had better n)hei . 0nvpl . nment a£ He then proceeded to dismantle the shell and explain the step-by- step testing process at the proving ground. Tests include: Brass casing which holds the firing charge, where a break under actual combat conditions would jam the gun breech and ruin the rifling of the barrel. The primer, whose black powder charge must flash so as to ignite every grain of the smokeless-powder propelling charge instantly. The powder propelling charge, which must be tested to determine the proper charge for each type of shell. The powder must be conditioned in a conditioning-magazine before testing, so as to establish a standard, for powder develops government agencies would not undertake to broaden the existing $1,00,000,000 subsidy program during the 60-day extension, ending Feb. 29. In absence of an extension of life, the CCC's legal authority to pay subsidies and carry on various other farm aid programs would expire Dec. 31. Barkley told reporters he was prepared to pledge the words of War Mobilization Director James F. Byrnes and Stabilization Director Fred M. Vinson that no new administrative moves in this connection will be made during the time Congress may take to decide the subsidy question finally. corresponding increase in range for the shell. With the army in the field this standardized powder charge is then corrected to the I weather-of-the-moment by the ar-1 i tillery's range tables, which take rt jj?- a into account both the desity of the " lne air and the temperature. In connection with the powder tests Lt.- Col. Brier explained that shell velocity now is determined by firing a magnetized shell through two electric fields; electronic tubes signal the elapsed time between the two fields, and thus the velocity of the test shell is quickly measured. The shell proper—the forward end Goebbels Preparing for Gloomy Xmds By SBWIN SHANKE Stockholm, Dec. 17 — (iP) — Pr. > j Paul Joseph Goebbels and his piops aganda machine have begun preparing the war-weary German peo-^ pie for the gloomiest Christmas 1 since 1939 by promising every ch.jp one toy — and a home-made one, at that. „ '*' 111 a war-front atmosphere/ ' of > ruins and death due to Allied uiri bombings, almost daily executions* by Heinrich Himmler's Bestapo, t ' _ , . ., , , , , - and nation-wide shortages of'every"' Barkley said he had been in- commodity lne German press is J formed by House Minority Leader lo£)kijlg to * \yard to Christmas byj trying to answer the question "isKl there anything to be happy about? J VJ Two prominent newspapers pub- -I lished at opposite ends of the Reich Martin (Mass.) that" House Repub- jection to the extension under those conditions. Previously Martin had said he favored an earlier showdown, with the CCC's life extended only from Jan. 1 until 60-day extension is approved, Barkley said it might be possible for Congress to recess next week until January 10. Otherwise, he favored calling the legislators back January 4. It was planned to extend CCC's existence through resolution. Ravens annually return to the same nesting place. — the Voelkischer Beobachter and the Rheinisch Wcst-Faelische Zei-^ lung — acknowledged the outloo& % is not bright. The times have become even more severe, more serious," they; both said. "Great numbeis of our women and mothers with children must spend this Christmas to changed districts among strangers They have no homes and therefore won't be able to celebrate Christmas among theii families as was on Page Four)

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