Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on December 10, 1943 · Page 4
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 4

Hope, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Friday, December 10, 1943
Page 4
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i'^^J^A^'s^i t*( J i- i' ( <x ' s • »" ' , ( '..i,/' ' ' 1, I "'' . ' -I* • > Bo/kons, Ready f o Erupt, Hitler's Chief Headache O-* ' " ' J "' " * ' ' " ' " ———" -n. -i- . * <•*" "'.,-,.'-r-T- ^,•••.-•,•--,1 vnv; , .••r-frr.M-t.Ti-nr-nmin-nrT r-'i - ii-rrirm-i-T-rrnn •.TiiT-.ir-.ft.rrr-.r r i - -; ; .•. . '"'" """•""" r " "'""' >—— ~ *? *~'"""^ Editorial Comment Written Today and Moved by Telegraph or Cable. -By DeWlTT MacKENZIE * s Associated Press War Analyst ," | There's a Chinese proverb that he who^ rides a tiger finds it dlffi- 'eult to 1 * dismount, which describes < rather accurately Herr HitleVs increasingly dangerous effort to ride the untamable Balkans. The Nazi all highest is In despair oi; keeping his seat, and he dare not let go, for fear of being, torn to pieces. His position has become more grave with each passing hour since the Turks, in a manner of speaking, partook of honey and ' water in the Allied camp, thus making a traditional Balkan gesture of friendship which has further disturbed the Fuehrer's satellites, i Bulgaria, .Germany's key ally on the peninsula;- is reportedly verring further away from the Reich. 1 Many people in Sofia, the capital, are said to expect their country to jump to the side of the United Nations if there's an Allied" invasion of the Balkans with Turkish support. .'.-• , Color is lent to this report by the fact that the Bulgarians, while theoretically at war with,America and Britain, are still at peace with their fellow Slavs of Russia. This Ip !'t&bond of race is strong. Indeed, an- Ihi ^koother report has it that a Musco 1 ;{ ^Kjtlte military mission is in the-Bul- FV- \gdrian capital, and if that's true it l f -speaks volumes. £" Personally I should rather have jr -the Bulgarians as friends ihan £ enemies. I have visited them in *' their cities, and have even ven- y" <', Hired far into the Balkan moun- >& , 'tains among the primitive folk of that wild region. They are a hard, fierce people, not afraid jto kill or be killed, and possessed of boundless determination once their minds are set.' , Small wonder that Hitler has strengthened his forces along the Greek and Bulgarian borders with Turkey, and has redoubled his efforts to crush the Greeks and Yugoslavs, .who are battling with the fierce love of liberty which has characterized them through the centuries. This fresh Balkan crisis has vastly increased the menace to the great right wing of the Nazi chiefs harassed battle-front in Russia. If the Hitlerites lose their grip on the Balkans, this will uncover their southern flank facing the Red armies, as it glance at your maps will show. Such a development would force the Germans to pull back their entire battle line in Russia until the right flank was west of the gateway into the Balkans. That would carry them nt least to the line they occupied through the heart of Poland when Hitler knifed Russia in 1941. If an Allied invasion of France should catch Hitler while he was in the midst of such a gigantic retreat, he would face catastrophe. It would' quickly force him back to his own frontiers, both east and west, for the final show-down. Such a situation might easily arise, the way things are moving now. Brigadier General H 0 r ace Sewell, the British military expert, astutely points out that the main object of German strategy is to keep the fighting as far away from the homeland as possible. That's why Hitler is pouring German lives so prodigally into the Russian war- mill — to delay retirement of his line as much as possible. That's why he now is straining to keep the Balkans in hand. That's why he has been clinging to his winter line through the mountains of Italy so doggedly. Those are the only land fronts on which he is being forced at the moment to fight with infantry. The western front is still uninvaded. His northern front, from the North Sea eastward, is relatively quiet. On the south.the towering Alps protect him as Far East as the Balkans, except for the battle-front in Italy. Hitler's greatest danger, of course, is the creation of a huge vise by the projected Allied invasion o£ France. Once he has to defend that front in a big way with infantry, he will be under a strain which he cannot long stand. Classified Ad* mutt b* lit office day b«for« publication. All Want Ads cash In advance. Not taken over the Phone. On* »lm«—le ward, Minimum JOt Thr« »lm««—31/jc word, minimum SOc Six tlmti—3e ward, minimum Me On* month—1le word, mtrimium $2.70 <at8s are for continuous Insertions only THE MORE YOU TELL THE QUICKER YOU SELL." For Sale SEE US BEFORE YOU BUY, sell or trade furniture. The best place in town to buy furniture. Ideal Furniture Store. 27-lmpd. SLIGHTLY USED PRE - WAR baby carriage. 602 Pond St. 10-3tp 150 MULES, MARES, SADDLE horses, jacks, stallions and Shot land ponies. All stock guaranteed. Free truck delivery. At same location for 30 years. Windle Bros. 516 West Broad., Texarkana, Texas. 23-tf von* J MINOR ' IBURNS \ CUTS MOROUNE PETROLEUM JELLY @ YOU It looks better groomed with * X i-T Moroline Hair Tonic. Keeps HAIR unruly hair in place. ..£••» Gives lustre. Big bottle, ALWAll °* l y 25c - Sold everywhere. PAPER SHELL PECANS. PHONE 488. 4-6tc Staoj Named Coach of Year by Paper New York, Dec. 10 —W 3 )— AmOs Alonzo Stngg, 81-year-old coach of hc College of the Pacific football .cam, today was named coach of he year in the New York World- Telegram's annual poll. The veteran mentor who just concluded his 53rd year 'In the ,'ame, outdistanced all opposition with 55 votes to 20 for Frank Leahy of Notre Dame, the runnerup. Leahy, winrter of the award in 1941, was followed by Bo McMillin of Indiana, six voles; Homer Norton of Texas A. & M., five votes; Lt. Don Faurot of Iowa Sea- lawks and Copt. John Whelchcl of Navy, each with four votes and Eddie Cameron of Duke, Lou Little of Columbia, Slip Madigan of Iowa and John Tomlin of Arkansas, each with three. Rival coaches enthusiastically supported Stagg, a member of Walter Camp's first All-America in 1890 and varsily boss at Chicago for 42 years. The 1942 winner was Bill Alexander of Georgia Tech. 1936 DODGE 1^-TON TRUCK. Good rubber. John Deere gasoline hay-press. Johnny Wilson, Columbus. 9-6tc LARGE, PRE-WAR MADE LEA- ther baby carriage. Good condition. Phone 981-J. 10-ltp 140 ACRE FARM, ONE-HALF mile from city limits. One house, barn, good pasture. On public road, between two highways. Price $20 per acre, Floyd Porterfield. 9-6tc Today in Congress By The Associated Press Senate —In recess until Monday Judiciary subcommittee calls internal revenue official in opening of liquor shortage inquiry (10:30 a. m. E.W.T.) Military committee considers mustering-out-pay for armed force members (10) • , Finance committee continues work on tax bill (10) House — Routine session (noon) Military committee continues work on mustering out pay bill (10) Office of Censorship releases new press-radio code. • • . ADKINS OPPOSES CUSTOM Little Rock, Dec.vlO — ((P)— Governor Adkins is opposed to an old statehouse custom of employe contributions for a Christmas present for department heads. He madp known his disapproval in a notice to department heads. I HAVE FOR SALE, 240 ACRES of up land, one mile from city limits with a highway running through it. It has a two story house and a large stock barn. Is 'all fenced and crossed fenced. Has an extra fine Spring of water, running year round. The house would need some repair. Think it is more suitable for the making of a high class dairy or stock farm. About half of it is cleared, but some of it has'grown up in bushes. On account of the couple being old and sick and not able to work the farm, they have ask me to sell it. There is lots of pine and hardwood timber on it. They have agreed to take $25 per acre for the tract. I do not know of any land that adjoins this farm that you could buy for less than $75 or $100 per acre. If interested see Floyd Portcrficld, Hope, Ark. Would like to show it to you. 9-3tc S H OFFERS : Eat Supper With Us We Feature Nightly — • Select Oysters • Choice Steaks • Fried Chicken • Fried Potatoes and Salad CHECKERED CAFE It's Safe to Be Hungry SPORTS ROUNDUP •If lisl !• fbflejtat Jr.* Associated Press Sports Columnist New York, Dec. 10 — (/P)— The directors of Madison Square Garden met in solemn session last week and decided not to purchase the Yankees ... A lot of folks could decide that wlthourholdlng a meeting as long as the price stands at $4,000,000 or so, but the Garden directors' reason was that they didn't want to take on added problems of management at this time. . . . Considering the Garden record, it was a good idea. The arena's three big money makers, arc boxing, which failed to prosper from the time Tex Rickard died until the promotion was "sublet" to Mike Jacobs; hockey, a sort of step-child handled by a virtually independent organization; and basketball, pet project of Ned Irish, who worked up to become active president on the slrength of that game's success. TO CROWN FARM WINNERS Memphis, Dec. 10 —(/P) — The Commercial Appeal today will crown the grand sweepstakes winner of its Plant to Prosper farm contest, which emphasizes soil conservation, crop diversification and better farm and home management. The winner will receive $500. He will be chosen from farmers in Tennessee, Arkansas, Mississippi and Missouri. A tenant sweepstakes champion also will be , crowned. Fayctteville, Dec. 10'— (fP) — A dehydrator on which the U. S. Forestry Department was working caught fire in the University of Arkansas College of Agriculture building last night, causing water and smoke damage before it was extinguished. Real Estate for Sale 142- ACRE FARM WITH NEW SIX- room house, tenant house, barn with sheds for 40 or 50 head cattle. Electricity. Sixty acres in cultivation, balance in pasture, all under fence, large part of fence hog-proof. Everlasting spring water in several places. Also lake. Location seven miles from Hope on Shover gravel road. , C. E. Cassidy, Hope, Phone 146. 7-6tp Lost BABY BUGGY. 121 S. St. Phone 220-W. FULTON 10-3tp For Rent WORKING COUPLE OR TWO settled * ladies to share home. Call 660. 7-tf TWO ROOM FURNISHED APART' ment. All bills paid. Desirable location. 1002 East Second Street. Phone 1 740-J. 8-Gtp Lost or Strayed FOUR MIXED WHITE FACED cows, one brindle cow, one jersey cow from my pasture near Little Bodcaw. Reward, Dorsey White, Rosston, Rt. 2. 6-6tp For Sale or Trade 1941'CHEVROLET, THREE-QUAR- ter ton, pickup, Five heavy duty tires. C. C. Russel, Falcon, or write, Buckner, Rt. 1. 8-6tp 3&. fe- I THE OLD JUDGE SAYS... WHITE AND RED COCKER SPAN- iel female. Reward, Padgilts Kennels. - 9-3tc One-Minute Sports Page Several Florida cities which never have entertained major league baseball clubs already arc sending out feelers about getting them for spring training after the war . . . Paul Brown, Ohio State coach, thinks that football "has weathered its toughest crisis" al- .Ihough 30 of the boys on his squad will be 18 and eligible for military service at the end of the current semester . . . According to Proxy Holcombc Ward of the U.S.L.T.A., tennis has raised "not less than $10,000 and probably nearer $20,000" for the Red Cross through week-end tourneys . . . Page Joe Cambria: On a recent visit to Cuba, Frank Lawrence, owner of the Portsmouth, Va., Cubs signed nine Cuban ball players . . . Red Dutton cstimales that at least 2,000,000 people listen to the Saturday night hockey broadcasts from Toronto . . And probably all of them second-guess the referee. Today's Guest Star George Hubcr, Washington Evening Stars "We see by the papers that the Amateur Athletic Union has a new plan to develop athleles. First, part of this plan is the appointment of commissioners for each of the 15 spot-Is in every district, instead of having one commissioner handle all sporls. Don't know exactly how effective this will be In developing more and better athleles, but it certainly means a big, new crop of brass-mat badge wearers to take center stage at AAU functions." Prep Patter No sooner had Hank Wolfe publicized Lynn Chewnlng's 106-point scoring mark for St. Christopher's High school of Richmond than Hank himself came up with a boy to beat it from the same state. James Sivert tallied 123 for Fort Union Military Academy . . . Then Louisville reported ii 138-point total by Abe Adams of Male High. Abe also passed for three more tallies. Grid Conference Change Is Sought Hot Springs, Dec. 10 —(rf>)— Replacement of the present 14-mem- bcr Arkansas High school conference with several sectional conferences for football and basketball competition will be proposed by Hot Springs Conch Milan Creaighton at a meeting of high school coaches in Little Rock tomorrow, Creighton said he would suggest that one sectional circuit — the Big Six — be made up of Pine Bluff, Little Rock, North Little Rock, Hot Springs, El Dorado and Fort Smith. Other conferences could be set up on a geographical basis, he siiid. For the Big Six loop, he said he would recommend that the teams play a home-and-home schedule, which would give each outfit 10 games. ' ' Winners of the sectional lilies could meet for the stale champion- ship, Crclghton outlined. Gold and diamond prospectors of British Guiana arc called poif>.' nockers because snll pork is one of the principal staples of the bush country and is carried In the packs of the prospectors. ' How To Relieve Bronchitis Creomulslon relieves promptly ttC•• cause it goes right to the seat of the trouble to help loosen and expel germ laden phlegm, and aid natute to soothe and heal raw, tender, inflamed bronchial mucous membranes. Tell your druggist to sell you n bottle of Creomulsion with the utf . dcrstandlng you must like the. way it quickly allays the cough or you are to have your money back, CREOMULSION for Couehs, Chest Colds, Bronchitis - Service Dept. When Maj. William U. Smith, former Michigan tackle, returned from the South Pacific and reported to Lockburnc Air Base in Ohio wearing a mustache and gontec, he had the perfect answer to all gibes about the facial adornment: "Orders from the general." . . Seems that Smith developed a fuzz during 'the battle of Midway and when his bomber crew called it their good luck charm, Lieut. Gen. Frank Kcnney told him to keep it for the duration . . . Lieut. Commander Mul Stevens, who coached the Sampson, N. Y., Naval Tranigni Station gridders this season, is expecting a transfer soon to the Brooklyn Naval Hospital — but not as a result of his gridiron activities. Market Report LADIES' BROWN BILLFOLD. Identification card. Reward. Mrs. H. C. Sines, 203 East Avc. C. Phone 857. 9-3tc Notice CHRISTMAS GIFTS ON DISPLAY and on hand at my home. All kinds of Fuller brushes. 902 South Fulton, Phone 138. ,Mrs. Leon Bundy. ' 23-t£ HAVE YOUR OLD MA T T RE S'S made new. Prices reasonable. Used furniture bought or accepted as payment on your mattress. Phone 152. Hope Mattress Co. 10-lmp CHRISTMAS SPECIAL FOR 30 days only! Mattresses remade. Sheeting 3.95. Striped tick, 5.95, Free delivery. Phone'152.-Hope Mattress Co. 24-lmp ST LOUIS LIVESTOCK <s> National Stockyards, 111., Dec. 10 —(/P)— Hogs, 13,50; active; mostly steady; 160 Ibs down steady to 10 lower; weights under 120 Ibs very uneven top and bulk good and choice 200-270 Ibs 13.70; odd lot 280-340 Ibs 12.50-13.30; 170-190 Ibs 12.50-13,40; good and choice 140-160 bs 11.25-12.25 120-140 Ibs; light pigs ranging down to 7.50; bulk good sows 12;25; few 12.40 slags 12.25 down; good clearance indicated. Cattle, 2,500 calves, 70;0 limited supply selling about steady with Thursday in cleanup trade; odd lot steers and heifers 10.50-12.75; common and medium beef cows 9.0010.50; medium and good sausage bulls 9.50-11.25 good and choice ycalers 15.00; medium and good 1'2.50-13.75; nominal range slaughter steers 9.75-16.00; slaughter heifers 9.00-15.50; stocker and feeder steers 8.0-13.25. Sheep, 2,500 early receipts include one deck yearlings, balance mostly trucked in lambs and ewes; market opened steady; good and choice wooled lambs to packers 14,00-50; top to other interests 14.75; medium and good 12.50-13.75; common throwouts largely 10.00; medium and good wooled ewes 5.00-50, choice up to 6.00. GIVE MAGAZINE SUBSCRIPT- ions for Christmas. Not rationed yet. New or renewal subscriptions on any magazine. See Chas. Reynerson at City Hall. 30-tmc CHRISTMAS SPECIAL! HAVE your mattress remade. Cobb's Mattress Shop, 712 West 4th. Phone 445-J. 4-6tc "Never knew that before,' Judge... I would J»ve sworn it was just the other way 'round.' 1 «'No, Arthur, the grain used in distilling fvar-alcohol is not wasted. In an efficient distillery up to 29% of it is reprocessed 9n4 is returned to farms like yours in the form of premium-quality livestock feed. "Remember, this nourishing remainder is plumb full of protein, vitamins and carbo- Jiydrates and becomes a highly -pn?ed fee4 Concentrate. "By developing new products from this processed grain, the modern distilling in* clustry has taken a leading part in solving the vital shortage of cattle and poultry feed ingredients which are rich in vitamins p.j. and B-2, so essential to satisfactory growth pjd production. "And what I have told you about the absencie of grain waste in making warr alcohol, Arthur, aJsp applies in the making pf whiskey, qllhQH$b not 9 4rgt> hqs been matt ov«r " Advertisement T*i> ajitttiftaunt fpvtuartd by Cvafaen" o/4lci>lalic Baaoi* InJutlTiti, /«. Services Offered CONTRACTING, REPAIR ING and building of all kind. Write Box 232, Hope, Ark. R, S. Williams. 4-6tp POULTRY AND PRODUCE Chicago, Dec. 10 —(/P) —Poultry, live firm, 1 car; 25 Irucks; market unchanged. •*» MOST FARMERS MUST FILE their estimate of income before Dec. 15th. If you need aid with this, also your final income for report, see me now. J. W. Strickland. 6-6tp ALL TYPES OF HOME AND building repairs. Specialize in reroofing. Estimates free. A. M. Rettig, phone 221. 29-lmp NEW YORK STOCKS New York, Dec. 10 —(/P)— Renewed strength of commodities, with talk of boosted ceiling prices all arouncj, helped touch off a selective rally in today's stock market. Share trends were a trifle shaky at the start. Buyers then appeared for farm implements, mail orders, gold mines and industrial blue chips. There was a lively upward flurry in the third hour when favorites showed gains of 1 to 5 points. A number of leaders failed to participate, however, and top murks generally were reduced near the close. Transfers for the full proceedings approximated 900,000 shares. tracts at other markets. Other grains were up more than a cent at times, with December outs bid at ceilings. A rumor that hard wheat ceilings, expected next week, would be set at $1.62 a bushel, Kansas City basis, encouraged buying. Traders cslimaled such a ceiling would make the maximum here $1.72 a bushel when lhc freight rate was included. A car of No. 1 hard wheat sold in the cash market at $1.72 3-4 a bushel, a new high on the current crop. At the close wheat was 1 1-8— 1 5-8 higher, December $1.69 1-8— December 82, rye was ahead 7-8— 1 1-2, December $1.19 1-2, and barley was up 5-8—2 1-2, December $1.25 1-2, Cash wheat, No. 1 hard 1.72 3-4; No corn. No oats. Barley, sample grade 1.20. Field seed per 10 Ibs, timothy 5.75-6.00 nom.; red top 14.00-15.00 nom.; red clover 31.50 nom.; sweet clover 10.50 nom. NEW ORLEANS COTTON New Orleans, Dec. 10 —(/P)—Cotton futures advanced here today on trade buying, short covering and reports of a somewhat better spot demand. The market closed steady 50 to 70 cents a bale higher: Dec close 19.60B up 10 Mch high 19.62 — low 19.50 — close 19.60-62 up 10 May high 19.43 — low 19.33 — close 19.42 up 12 Jly high 19.21 — low 19.09 — close 19.92 up 14 Oct high 18.84 — low 18.73 — close 18.83B up 14 B-bid. Spot cotton closed quiet, 25 cents a bale higher; sales 1.832. Low middling 15.76; middling 19.41; good middling 18.86. Receipts 1,230; stock 176,336. ALARM CLOCKS, STRIKING clocks watches cleaned and fixed. Prompt service, reasonable price. C. C. Otwell, 523 W. Ave. D. 7-6tp Wonted to Rent FIVE OR SIX-ROOM HOUSE. Prefer Ward 1 or 2. Employed in city. Reasonably permanent. No small children. Reference. Call Hope Star. 2-tfdh. THREE OR FOUR ROOM FURN- ished apartment for permanent family. Contact Hope Star. 30-tf Wonted to Buy TABLE TOP GAS RANGE COOK stove. Call 768 from 1 to 4 p. m. 29rtf LATE MODEL FOUR - DOOR automobile. Jessie Brown, Phone 2- 7-gtc CHILD'S TRICYCLE, in good condition. MUST BE Phone 768. 7-3tc SMALL VICTROLA. 1039-J. PHONE NEW YORK COTTON New York, Dec. 10 —(/P)— Improved mill inquiry for spot cotton, steadiness in other markets, and rowing pressure on price control raillied cotton futures today. Mill price fixing and new commission bouse buying encountered only scale up offering. Late afternoon values were 60 cents a bale higher to 15 cents lower, Dec 19.38, Mch 19.43, 19.24. Futures closed 25 to 75 cents a bale higher: Dec high 19.4C — low 19.35 — close 19.46N up 5 Mch high 19.46 — low 19.35 — close 19.45-46 up 14 May high 19.24 — low 19.16 — close 19.24 up 11 Jly high 19.04 — low 18.92 — close 19.03-04 up 14 Oct fnew) high 18.80 — low 18.70 — close 18.82N up 15 Middling spot 20.28N up 10. N-nominal. Rangy Razorbacks Defeat Conway Fayctteville, Dec. 10 —(/I 1 ) — Paced by their lone lettermun, Guard Ben Jones, Arkansas' rangy Razorbacks won their first game of the 1943-44 basketball season last night. They defeated the Conwa' Independents, 60-33. ' Jones counted 16 points followed by a teammate, Forward' Bill Flynt, a Ouachita college transfer, with 12. The Independents were made up largely of former Arkansas State Teachers college players. Marriage rates in States since 1868 the United have followed economic trends, rising in times of May prosperity and declining in times of depression. GRAIN AND PROVISIONS Chicago, Dec, 10 —W— All deliveries of wheat sold at new seasonal peaks today, and the highest levels for more than a decade, in a strong grain market. Seasonal ijjghs were estabMsked to most con- CAN'T HURT Mil That's what you think I But ugly roundworms may be Inside you right now, causing trouble without your knowing it. Warning eljjns are: uneasy stomach, nervousness, itching parts. Got J»yne's Vermifuge right away I JAYNE'S is America's leading proprietary worm medicine! scientifically tested and used by millions. Acts gently. Beluffyou set MYNE'S VERMIFUGE I NOTI G i For Taxi Service — PALI- 679 — (Careful Drivers) IRVING T. URREY Owner and Manager TRUCKERS! NO CERTIFICATE NEEDED FOR TRUCK TIRE RECAPPING ('A' or X 1 TYPE CAMELBACK) WE'Ll MAKE TIRES LOOK LIKE THIS Famous Goodyear extra mileage recapping is now available to all truckers , . . and it costs no more than ordinary recapping. Top quality materials by, factory trained experts. Beat the rush and bring in your worn truck tires today J 7.00 8.25-20 9.00-20 $11,80 18«69 17*80 /A Type. ,..,..,.,.... \CType.,,, ......... / A Type ............. \CType.,,.,..,,,,,. 21*45 (.OOU/YCAH " IIHlb B. R. HAMM MOTOR CO, Phone 53 Hope, Ark. * * t** n*» ""Are™ (.•••rVMMTMMyT ' !*.*-&> * *.' Drive Star tHfe WEATHfeR Arkaasas: Fair and continued cold . this afternoon and tonight; temperatures 24 to 28 in north ahd near to slightly below freezing in south portion tonight; Sunday partly cloudy and warmer. v n HOPI, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 11, 1943 MjftcloWd ftttt Ntwipopw trtttfWM Aii'h PRICE 5c COPY Cassino Sta Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor : ALEX. H. WASHBURN Do Your Bit for Christmas Seals Since writing a piece earlier this week urging local citizens to send checks to City Treasurer Charles Reynerson in payment tor the Christmas Seals which have been mailed to them I have received from a national insurance company a remarkable story about the winning fight on tuberculosis. ~ -® As a matter or fact, today, December 11, is the 100th anniversary of the birth of Robert Koch — whose medical discovery made possible Ihc conquest of tuberculosis. Here is part of the story: "In March 1882, when Koch was barely 38 years old, he made the startling announcement at a meeting of the Phy- L.. l\ n siological Society of Bjvlin that nV lit KFAliin hc had discovered and isohitc.l l*f 1/| • l/IUITII lhc tubercle bacillus, the cause of tuberculosis. Even the most Return From * Jap Camp Told Dr. Brown Dr. Alice Barlow Brown, 74, sister of John D. Barlow, and Hope medical missionary whose 20-year cu- Tccr as head of a hospital near Pciping, China, was climaxed by internment in a Japanese camp following the declaration of war, told a large home crowd last night about life in China, about the coming ,f the Jap invaders, and finally, about her return home on a diplomatic exchange ship early this month. The occasion was the annual banquet honoring Hope High School's football team, attended by about 150 persons, in the High School cafeteria. Other prominent guests were: Lt. Col. J. C. Brier, commanding officer of the Southwestern Proving Ground; and Couch John Tomlin of the University of Arkansas. Ohcd. Hull presided us president Commerce, event. Dr. 'of the Chamber of which sponsored the „.. Brown was introduced by Mayor Albert Graves, her nephew. City Superintendent of Schools James H. Jones introduced Coach Tomlin, while Coach Foy Hammons introduced the members of the 1943 Bobcat squad. Invocation was given by the Rev. Robert B. Moore, and Tefi Jones sang a vocal number. The dinner was served by the senior girls of the Home Economics department, under direction of Mrs. Hamilton Hanegan. In his introduction Mayor Graves said that Dr. Brown saw medical service in France during World War No. 1, later went to Serbia, and from there to China. Telling her own story from there on, Dr. Brown reported— Dr, Brown's Story: It was August 1923 when she went to China. There was vast need of medical work, particularly in maternity cases, which always had produced a high death rate. So she became head of a maternity hospital neu- Pciping, the old capital, in North China. She was there July 7, 1937, when the Jap-manufactured incident of the Marco Polo bridge (Japanese soldiers fired on the Chinese) occurred. The local Chinese war lord wept down easily before Japan's mechanized army. On July 27, just 20 days laer, the Jap bombers roared over and smashed the Chinese army barracks. Utter terror gripped the Chinese, Dr. Brown reported. Transport and communication were cut off. Her hospital outside Pciping was isolated. And yet, as Continued on Page Four) Keeping Up With Ration Coupons Processed and Canned Foods: November 1—First day for green stamps A, B and C in Ration Book 4. November 20 — Last day for blue stamps X, V and Z in Ration • Book 2. December 20—Last day for green stamps A, B and C in Ration Book 4, Meat, Cheese, Butter and Fats: November 21 -T First day for brown stamp L iii Book 3. November 28 — First day for stamp M in Book 3. ., December 4 — Last for for brown stamps G, 'II, J and K in Book 3. December 5 — First day for brown stamp N in Book 3. December 12 — First day for • brown stamp P in Book 3. Pecembcr 19 — First day for brown stamp Q in 'Book 3. January 1—Last day for brown stamps L, M, N, P and Q in Book 3. Sugar: • November 1 — First day for sugar stamp No. 29 in Ration Book 4. Good for five pounds'. November 21— Last, day for No. 8 coupons in A Ration Book, good for three gallons. B and C coupons are good for two gallons skeptical in that distinguished audience, were convinced. by Koch's flawless experimental technique and close cycle of reasoning. "What Koch's discovery has meant since in the slrugglf. 1 to eliminate tuberculosis is shown by the remarkable decline in tuberculosis mortality. In this country, the disease 40 years ago stood first by a wide margin among the causes of death, while today it has fallen to eighth place, with the tuberculosis dcalh rate showing a drop from around 200 per 100,000 at the turn of lhc century to about 40 per 100,000 at present, a decline of 80 percent. * * * By S. BURTON HEATH Gift Suggestions During the past few weeks we have been besieged by relatives and friends with requests that we suggest a few trinkets we would enjoy receiving for Christmas. Such demands nosv are rising to an almost shrill crescendo, This is embarfassing." True, we do not have everything that we want. The car is getting shabby, and surely we could use a set of new tires (five, please, if you like this idea). The keys on our typewriter are a bit out of alignment, but we've got rather fond of the old mill, so perhaps we'll pass that up. There are a few other things that come to mind. For instance, next spring we shall be in the market for some 'two-leather sport shoes, preferably alligator bottoms and white tops, for which no coupon is in sight even if two-colored shoes weren't off the market. These and similar wants, -unfortunately, may not appeal to our relatives and friends, or may prove hard to find in the stores. In that case we have a couple of other ideas from current advertisements which should offer no difficulties. A New York-Beverly Hills haberdasher hus u hand-painted tie, which in the illustratipn looks like one o those pillows one wins at a county fair by tossing rings over pins. It is unique. Only one of a kind is made. If you give us that, nobody in'the whole wideworld will have a tie like ours, and we are certain that all who see us in it will gasp, al the very least, and will always remember the occasion, and us. One of these tics can be purchased for as little as $25, although for $50 and up it is possible to obtain belter art work and, presumably, a higher grade of pigment in the paints used. From the catalog of the Greatest Sporting Goods Store in the World we learn that de luxe English cig- arct lighters are available for cither dress or daily use, They possess imported Swiss mechanisms. The 14-karct gold case is engine-turned, and comes in a variety o* designs. There is space for mono- framing on lop. The ladies' model, including tax, costs only $137.50. Bul this it not for us. There is a gentleman's model, on which also the tax has been figured in, for $148.50. Bougainville Airfield Set in Operation Allied Headquarlcrs, Southwest Pacific, Dec. 11 — UP — American bombers and fighters are op- crating from the newly completed airfield on Bougainville island in the Northern Solomons which navy Seabees had in working order just five weeks after marines first stormed ashore, today's communi- que said. The new air base, only 250 air miles from the Japanese stronghold of Rabaul on New Britain island, would also be turned against the remaining Japanese air field in Ihe Bougainville-Buka area, it was disclosed. Pretty Partisan Sparkling eyes and a touin- paste-ad smile belie the deadly skill with whirh the comely ni -s above kills Germans. Sh.'.'s "Z.iga," a Yugoslav p ;il i> „ sniper who hus sl»m n • v NIIZIS. taken an <>;i!h |. ; i, ,j niHii.y nni.e' Rep. Fulbright Would Run for Senate Little Rock, Dec. 11 —W)— An announcement by Rep. J. W.'Fulbright of Fayetteville that he would run for the United Slates Senate next summer if assured "the prop-, er support" injected new life today in Arkansas' latent 1944 political campaign. The 38-year-old first term congressman whose "lasting peace" resolution atlractcd international attention told reporlers last night one purpose of his trip back home was to "see if there is enough sentiment for me'to'.get ihto-the race." Fulbright planned lo remain in Arkansas for several days for "conferences. He said he did not know when he would announce a definite decision, . in . If hc decides to run, the Fayetle- ville congressman would campaign against Hattic W. Caraway, the nation's only woman senator, who already has announced she would seek re-election. The first accordion was patented in 1829 by Z. Damian,i;a Venetian. Bulgarian Head" Said Resigned Following Raid London, Dec. 11 — UP—' U. S. heavy bombers blasted Sofia'yes- terday an Algiers communique ari- nounccd today as the Bulgarian crisis moved forward wilh the reported resignation of Premier Dobri Bojilov and two other B'tilgar- lan cabinet ministers. In an apparent attempt to hasten Bulgaria's abandonment of the Axis, a strong force of four'-en- gined Liberators with escort Light- nings subjected the capital railroad yards to "accurate and effe'c'tive" bombardment, Allied headquarters at Algiers announced. British based Mosquitos of" the RAF bomber command attacked objectives in Western Germany without loss last night. A Budapest dispatch, printed in Sweden said the raid began shortly before noon, lasted nearly iv -'twp hours and caused heavy damage in the vicinity of the central railroad station and military barracks. A few persons were killed. Forty enemy fighters attacked the Liberators over Bulgaria, an Algiers dispatch said, but 11 were shot down. The number of bombers lost on the Sofia raid was not revealed, but only two aircraft were lost in all operations of the Northwest African Air Forces yesterday. It was the third, raid by the NWAAF and a Budapest broadcast said the city Was shaken by- three tremendous explosions only 24 hours before the attack when time bombs dropped during the November 24th raid suddenly exploded. The resumption of air assaulls on Sofia presumably strengthened the hand of anti-German elements in the capital who were exerting extreme pressure in an attempt to extricate Bulgaria from the Axis orbit. ..,.-.:... European reports said tension in the city already was high as a result of the reported closing of the Turkish-Bulgarian border and the Anglo- American- Turkish confer- once at Cairo. An Istanbul dispatch said unconfirmed rumors had reached Turkey that Premier Bojilov and the foreign minister and interior minister hpd resigned as Leftist groups gained strength. Describes Last Flight of Navy War Ace 'Butch' O'Hare By EUGENE BURNS Aboard a U. S. Carrier off Tarawa, Gilbert Islands, Nov. 27 —(Delayed) —(ff)— "Butch/ this is Phil . . . Butch, this is Phil . . . Butch, this is Phil . . . Again and again Lieut. Commander John L. Phillips spoke into the radio transmitter of his torpedo bomber. He strained his eyes for a glimpse of a familiar plane in the night. But "Butch" — Lieut. Commander Edward H. O'Hare, 29, hard- flying, hard-fighting Congressional Medal of Honor ace of the Pacific war — never answered his pleading calls. Butch had one down fighting. O'Hare was lost last night. It was the third successive night attack — and the most sustained — by enemy planes on this task force. Exactly what happened no one knows, But Butch, with his boyish smile and gay banter, hasn't come baclf. Already planes are being readied against the dawn when a great search for the beloved shipmate will be launched. (In a later dispatch Burns wrote that for two days carrier planes and aircraft from Tarawa crisscrossed 2,000 squarq miles of ocean, fruitlessly hunting for O'Hare. The navy has reported him missing.) O'Hare, who won the Congressional Medal of Honor for shooting down five Japanese planes which attempted to attack the carrier Lexington in the South Seas in 11)42, reaped new glory in the fight. Rear Admiral Arthur W. Bradford, commander of the task force, said: "I'm sure that Butch and Phillips broke up the Jap torpedo attack plan and probably saved at least three of my ships from being hit." Later the admiral said: "Butch, with accompanying planes, saved my formation from certain torpedo hits. I am recommending him for a second Congressional Medal of Honor," Butch's Hellcat fighter Was last seen in the early minutes of a blazing two-hour battle against 30 to 4,0 enemy torpedo planes. Commander Phillips, 33. whose home is? in Linden, y»., ynd \vh° went aloft iii u torpedo plane, said he saw something "drop straight off into the water." He thought at first it was O'Hare's parachute. Later he decided it probably' was "a Jap plane which Butch shot down." Ensign Warren A. Skon, 24, of 1330 Payne St., St. Paul, Miijn., who was flying wing on O'Hare when they started to join Phillips, said he saw tracer bullets around O'Hare's plane. "I saw it shear off and drop' quickly below us," he said. Aviation Ordnanceman Alving B. Kcrnan, 20, of Saratoga, Wy., gunner on Phillips' ship, said he '.saw O'Hare's plane disappear in : thc darkness. Then it reappeared and made an outside loop. "Then he was gone," Kernan said. Lieut. (JG) Hazen B. Rand, 25, of 98 Pond St., Avon, Mass., heard Phillips tell O'Hare "Butch, there's a Jap plane corning into your tail." "Then Butch's lights went off," Rand said. "I looked again and hc was gone." But however Butch went, the safety of his comrades was among his lust thoughts. He was the first to take off last night in the first naval action in which carriers had launched their planes al night. He flew on the right wing of Phillips' torpedo bomber. Skon was on the left wing. As they bore down on the tails of the enemy planes in the darkness it was hard lo tell Phillips' torpedo plane from the enemy's. Butch called: "Hey, Phil, trun those running lights on, I want lo be sure it's a yellow devil I'm drilling." That was the last heard from Butch. O'Hare's wife and year-old daughter reside at Coronado, Calif., near San Diego. His mother lives in Phoenix, Ariz. SPA BOOKIES RAIDED Hot Springs, Dec. 11 —(/P)—Three alleged gambling establishments on Central Avenue were raided by state police yesterday. The officers arrested 13 persons on charges of operating gambling houses. io-Hum! In June, 1943, almost $11,000,000 uu hour was spent for war purposes by the U. S. As Jthough he were rousing from a short nap, 2-year-old Jimmy Wood of Brookfleld, 111., yawns and begins to awaken after almost, six months of lying in his , room, 'a victim ol encephalitis or "sleeping sickness." Startled |by a photographer's flash bulb •two months ago, Jimmy, has been Improving ever since, is ' • now able to go out of doors. Army Chaplain -Uses Skis to Visit Soldiers v Cpi. Allan Merrit, army correspondent who wrote the following Nome, Alaska, story about Capt. Julius A. Pratt, was a member of the Associated Press staff in Little Rock, Ark., when he was called to military • service in the fall of 1941. He has been stationed in Alaska since 1942. His parents, Deputy Land Commissioner and' Mrs. H. P. Merritt, live . -.hviLitlle Rock. He formerly was •AP .correspondent at Hot Springs and Fort Smith, Ark. By CPL. ALLAN MERRITT Army Correspondent Distributed by the Associated Press) Nome, Alaska, Dec. 11 —f/P) — Capt. ' Julius A. Pratt, an Anglo- Calholic Episcopal priest from Louisiana, never had seen a pair of skis' before hc was assigned to Alaska. But as post chaplain of the army camp near here, he has travelled as- far'oh skis and behind a dog team as any soldier in Alaska Ihe past 16 months. He had to, for the post is scattered over a wide area and the soldiers cannot get to a central meeting place for services during cold weather. Last winter, Chaplain Pratt averaged 35 miles a week, holding services for small groups. He carried his portable altar when it was possible, and set it up in snowbound huts. He saw his communion wine, with an alcoholic content of 12 per cent, freeze as if it' were water. Along with the oilier soldiers here, Chaplain Pratt learned to ski under instruction of Cpl. Jack N. Yokel, an expert at Idaho's Sun Valley resort before the war. The 34-year-old chaplain shoulders a rucksack when he starts to some outlying company. In it are his Bible, prayer book, a change of socks and a pair of nativc-mudc, clccrhide mukluks — the warmest type of footgear up here. Every year, ut Nome, u Christmas party is given for all the children, Eskimo and white, and there is a Santa Claus in a sleigh pulled by real reindeer. Lust Christmas, Chaplain Pratt was the Santa Claus. "People remarked that it was the first lime they ever had known a Santa Claus with a southern accent," the chaplain said, "but I told them this one was from the Soulh Pole." Chaplain Pratt served us priest of Trinity church, at Crowlcy, some 200 miles west of New Orleans in the French Creole district. Hc was reared in New Orleans and ordained ut St. Andrew's church. He wus graduated from Louisiana Slate University and took his B. D. degree at the University of the Soulh, Sewance, Tcnn. Hc held a reserve commission and came into the army as an infantry officer, later transferring to the Chaplain's Corps. SON TELLS THE OLD MAN Great Lakes. 111. —UP —Seaman Robert Crandall, 19, from his | two years' sea duly experience, [wrote a recruit here thut "it will be tough at first, but keep a clean record I wish I could see you and give you some advice." The rookie is his v recently-inducted father. The British Guiana sinoponera grandis, an insect raging from one to two inches in length, is the largest ant known to cgkntii to looss. Fierce Fight for Cherkasy Raging in Dnieper Bend London, Dec. 11 —(/P) — Gen. Ivkn Konev's 2nd Ukrainian Army has expanded its Cherkasy bridgehead in the great Dnieper bend and has driven into Cherkasy itself where "violent fighting is taking place in the town," a DNB broadcast said today. To the southeast, the Germans said, Soviet troops were making continuous attacks in heavy snowstorms in the area southwest of Kremenchug where the Soviets Were hammering at the approaches of Krivoi Rog and Kirovograd. Moscow admitted serious reverses, 'however, in the Kiev bulge 20 miles to the northwest, where massed German armor has driven Gen. Nikolai Vatutin's Vforces back to the area soulh of Malin, 30 miles cast of Korozen and only 55 miles west of the great Ukrainian capital. German capture of Malin, on the Kiey-Korosten railway, would pose a difficult supply problem for Russian forces reported still fighting near Chernyakhov, 80 miles west of Kiev. The fall of Znamenka, central rail junction for German supply in the Dnieper bend, to Konev's veterans after three days of man-killing fighting was announced last, night. The Germans had dug their tanks into the ground and fought to ths death, front dispatches reported. In an order of the clay, Premier Stalin described the city as "a powerful strongpoint" and "an imporl- ant rail.junction." More than 1,500 Germans were killed, 23 tanks destroyed and many prisoners were taken in the final assault, the Moscow bulletin said. The Russians did not halt at Zna- menka. Kpnev pushed one column on to take the town of Khirovka, junction of the Kirovograd and Smela rail lines a few miles to the, nbrth'west. Another" column raced south and seized Chabanovka 50 miles north of Krivoi Rog, and Chechelevka, 10 miles further on. Capture of Dolinovka, 20 miles still further south, would effectively outflank Krivoi Rog from the west. The Red Army advance was flowing inexorably along strategic rail lines and appeared to be threatening the entire German position in the Dnieper'bend, where railways provide the only dependable supply routes, The Khirovka column, dislodging the Germans from 11 additional towns, pushed on toward Kirovm- grad, bai-ely 15 miles to the west. The Germans were reported fleeing in disorder, abandoning guns, trucks and ammunition. And superior Russian air strength kept the enemy from landing reinforcements by air transport, as they did at Stalingrad and Orel. TWO Fliers Killed in Plane Crash Mena, Dec. 11 —(/P)-^An army plane based at Meridian, Miss., crashed on Black Fork Mountain, 14 miles north of herd, during a heavy fog yesterday, killing two fliers. The public relations officer at nearby Camp Chaffee announced names of the men killed as Lt. Hugh A. Riggs and Staff Sgt. Robert d. White. Their home towns were not given. New Heavy Air Attack Is Indicated London, Dec. 11 —(/P) — Strong formations, of RAF bombers swept, out across the channel in bright moonlight last night and a blackout of continental radios, including the main station in bomb-wracked Berlin, indicated a new blow against the Reich. . .: . The procession of bombers crossing the straits of Dover followed daylight attacks by low-flying Mosquito bombers against, enemy transport facilities in Northwest Germany, during which two of the Mosquitos were lost. Nazi planes, meanwhile, carried out a small attack against South- cast England and a bomb dropped on the outskirts of London injured three people. RAF night fighters shot down four of the raiders, one of them being bagged by a. Canadian pilot after a twisting-turning battle from'14,000 "feet almost to sea level. The Mosquito attacks were directed • against troops, railways, junctions, trains, barges, tugboats, trucks and planes. One pilot sent a shower of bombs into a column of German soldiers marching in double file and some of the Nazis, he said, were blown 20 feet into the air. Earlier in the day coastal command planes destroyed a big:Junk- .ers-88 off the coast, of Norway.': ;-Resumptiori' : ''6f-''-the-^airrSoffensive after days of poor weather;;came as the air minister disclosed that aircraft production has reached such a level that plane losses, even at the exaggerated rate 'claimed by the Germans, would not halt the bombing offensive, , Bomber losses were said to be diminishing month by month, with the losses in November being proportionately as low as in any month since February, despite the great assaults on Berlin. BOYER IS FATHER Hollywood, Dec. 11 —(#)— A 6- pound baby boy — their first child was born to Actor Charles Boyer and his wife, the former Pat Paterson of the films, Dr. Raymond Noburney, who delivered the child by a Caesarean operation, said both it and Mrs. Boycr were "doing fine," The Boyers married in 1935. Doughboy Capture of Mountain Considered One of Greatest Achievements of the Infantry By DON WHITEHEAD <s> With the U. S. Fifth Army, Dec. much 8 — (Delayed) — (IP) — A gray- haired brigadier general, an old infantry man himself, declared today lhc Doughboys' capture of La Di- fensa and Maggiore mountains on the road to Rome was one of the greatest achievements of the infantry in this war. The Battle of Lookout Mountain, he said, could not be compared lo the fight which began five days ago and ended with the American troops holding the great mass which overlooks the Mignano-Cassino road and the valley beyond. "Pile three Lookout Mountains on top of each other," he said, "and yqu get an idea of what those boys did." Hc talked to us on a muddy hillside near the front as other infantry moved from their positions to attack the heights north of Maggiore. "I would be ashamed for you to give my name and say I was there because they arc the ones who did the job and they deserve the credit. "They had some tough limes in Tunisia, bul I haven't seen anything to compare to this operation. It was guts all Ihe way." The atlack began on Maggiore and La Difcnsa the morning of Dec. 3 with the heaviest artillery barrage of the Italian campaign. On top of these two great masses, towering above the others north of the main highway, the Germans were able to observe the move- .mcnts of the Allied troops. After the attack began, rain fell to make the operations even more difficult for the Americans. "The roads were terrible," the general said, "and it was a disheartening tiling to see some of the supply dumps we built up with su effort wiped out by many artillery fire. "The general attack caught the Germans by surprise. They were expecting us to attack but didn't think we would move when we did. The initial phase went well right up the slopes of Difensa, and two units were on Ihe peak and spread over Maggiore before the Germans realized Ihcy were there. "Our boys dug in during Ih.e night and the next morning went after them in hand-to-hand fighting to clean them out of caves, dug? outs and pillboxes. There were a lot of snipers, well concealed, and they had to be found one by one. It look the Doughboys four days to get them out. "No one can imagine the terrain without climbing it himself. It took 16 hours for troops to carry a box of 'C' rations two miles to Ihe peak and return to the supply dump at the foot of the mountain. "In some places, the troops had to pull themselves up the slope by means of a rope tied to trees or rocks. That's bad enough without any load on your back, but they were carrying equipment and sup plies. "The litter bearers cjid a magnificent job. It took six men to'carry a stretcher off Maggiore with four men in reserve to resl the others. Often they were under mortar and artillery fire." The general told of one captain who started up the slopes with 40 men carrying supplies to the advance troops. Slipping, scrambling up the trails, they were caught in a concentration of enemy fire. Each time they picked up their burdens and tried again. Finally, the captain was killed, but at the end of 14 hours, his men completed the mission. Yanks Plunge Forward Mile to Gain New Height —Europe ; Allied Headquarters, Algiers^ * Dec.'11 — {&)— Slugging forward//' through the mountains west of Fil- " ignano in a drive on Cassino from' the east, American troops of Lt.* Gen. Mark W. Clark's Fifth Army\« have'plunged forward one mile and! c '4 gained an important height, l head- ( quarters announced today. Other Fifth Army troops driving 1 for Passino:from the south frdnfy^ the Mignano area fought a fierce 1 4! battle for the fortified village - qf •% San Pietro, seven miles southeastV of Cassino, 'and at the foot of " '" mountains previously gained* Gen. Clark's warriors. Italian troops, fulfilling Premier «,' Marshall Pietro Badogho's promise '' that they could join the Allies in v the drive to oust; the Nazis' from' Italy, were thrown back by 'the' Germans in their first engagement on the'Fifth Army front. The Italians had advanced into the loot- hills north of Mignano, but they, lost the ground to a counterattack*' by units of the Hermann Goering Armored Division. On the British Eighth Army front fighting reached a new pitch as ' the Germans threw tanks and infantry into a steady series of coun-' terattacks, but Gen. Sir Bernard L, •*. Montgomery's troops captured,the tqwn of San Leonardo on the north side of the Mbro river, four miles jf southwest of .Ortona. ^ ' '' The Allied communique said "a, second bridgehead has been estab-" lished over the Moro river despite ' considrable opposition." ,. j (The communique's reference lo a "second bridgehead" was not *f irnrnediately clarified, Allied head- >\ quarters'dispatches last Tue'sday • said-' /Eighth---- Army armor >'had*; crossed the Mbro and reported;' yesterday that Canadian troops,"/ driving .up the Adriatic coast,' had'.. established a bridgehead, apparently the second thrust across this river. Today's communique t seemed ' to indicate that Montgomery's men had been thrown back after first- crossing the strearn,) ,' f The new bridgehead was in the £ vicinity of Frisa, four and a half '* ; miles inland, and was declared ; firmly secured at dawn yesterday <%. after an all-night attack, ( ' ' The Germans, in their fourious counterattacks at points along the eintire front, made a vain effort to pinch out both the bridgehead to v give their engineers time to pre- ; pare new and deeper fortifications, » s behind the river. One of these coun- terflirusls was described at head- ' quarters as a particularly heavy, blow in the coastal region, but it ,. succeeded only in slowing Montgomery's plodding .advance. British and German tanks were reported to have engaged in a' * crashing mechanized duel at Oj> < sogna, the key inland lown on the road to Chieti, The British tanks heavily shelled the Germans in the.-town, which has changed hands ,, twice within' a week, and the ' enemy tanks poured back a brisk* ' return fire, ' The enemy stubbornly resisted the Fifth Army in its battle toward the high ground west of fihgnano and also made two separate counterattacks tp the south during a battle for ridges near San Pielro.-They were aimed primarily at the new, , Allied positions on Monte Samucro, M two miles north of the mam road to Toncassino and Rome, but both were driven back,4 " Gen, Clark's headquarters reported Ihe Germans conslructcd strong pill boxes and many barbed wire entanglements around San Pietro and jn many areas laid moi tar and arlillcry fire against the newly won American and British positions. The Italians, fighting m the same area alongside the Americans, were beaten back by units of the famed Hermann Goenng division of German troops which had been brought back into the front lines. (A Berlin broadcast said, "The attempt made by the Americans lo , send Badoglio troops into action resulted in part of these demoralized men going over to the German lines immediately while the rest fought without any energy.") While air operations in this> \hcd- ter were highlighted by another heavy bombing attack on Sofia, the capital of Bulgaria, Allied fighters and fighter-bombers were out again in full strength to support the ground fighting. Particularly successful were the American, British, Australian and South African units which engaged in strafing highways in the Chaeti area, destroying 53 motor vehicles and damaging an additional 125, Spitfires also went strafing and blew up a locomotne and leli another and 15 lank cais in ~

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