•MVr '^^^^^^^^tp^t^^'"^? 5^ m N in efttct d.y fetter* Arfi eosh In fetamc*. " ft»e ' w»H, mlfiiklvm $170 aft fof continuous insertions only you TELL THE QUICKER YOU SELL." For Salt SEE US BEFORE YOU BUY, sell or trade furniture. The best Vt place In town to buy furniture. Ideal Furniture Store. 27-lmpd. 150 MULES, MARES, SADDLE horses, jacks, stallions and Shetland ponies. All stock guaranteed. Free truck delivery. At same location for 30 years. Wlndle Bros* 516 West Broad., Texarkana, Texas. 23-tf 40 ACRES MIXED LAND. 30 IN cultivation. Good spring well. - Mile east of Blevins. See Jess Wood. 27-6tp 2 MARES 5 AND 8 YEARS OLD 8 miles South Hope on Highway . , 29. L. C. Betts. 29-6tp GOOD MARE AND MULE, Smooth mouth. Weight 1100 Ibs. Cheap Smiths, Proving Ground Road. 2-3tc Notice .CHRISTMAS GIFTS ON DISPLAY and .on hand at my home. All kinds of Fuller brushes. 902 South Fulton, Phone 138. Mrs. ' • Leon Bundy. 33 tt "HAVE YOUR OLD M A T T RE s-s made new. Prices reasonable. . Used furniture bought or accepted , as payment on your mattress. " Phone 152. Hope Mattress Co. 10->lmp Minor League Rebellion Over, Some Still Hope By SID PEDER New York, Dec. 2 (#)— The "rebels" who tried to blow Kenesaw M. Landis part-way off his baseball throne kept their fingers crossed today in the last desperate hope the high commissioner, himself, might put some new life in their slightly-dead revolution. And as they waited for the decision of "The Head" on the appeal they took to him last night, after the rebellion was blown apart at the general meeting of the National Association of Professional Baseball League (the minors), the assembled delegates at the winter meeting finally found a bit of choice trade talk to chew on. In the middle of this gossip around the ivory market place were the Washington Senators, and assorted rumors had them dickering with (a) the Cleveland Indians, (b) the New York Yankees and (c) the St. Louis Browns. Osie Bluege, the hurrying manager of the Nats, was about the busiest guy around the place as he went into a set of huddles with Lou Boudreau, the Tribe's boss; Luke Sewel, the Brownies' pilot, and Joseph McCarthy of the Bombers. Out of these,.the most frequently ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^yi^^^^^^^^g^^^^l^^UjMtffc^BIS**** 1 SPORTS ROUNDUP Associated Press Sports Columnist New York, Dec. 2 ffl— Coming up for the second round, it appears baseball's Insurgents had about as much chance" against Judge Bramham as Kingfish Levinsky had against Joe Louis . . . It was the same kind of a slaughter except that ringside seats were free — and, like one of Joe's first- round kayos, it left observers wondering how they ever figured it would be a fight . . . Before disappearing into a caucus at which the five out-voted league heads apparently were trying to figure out what they could save from the wreckage, Shag Shaughnessy came up with a big grin and remarked: "Well, I guess we gave 'em a show. I think it's good for baseball to bring these things out in the open." .... Crack of the day from the losing side: John (Buffalo) Stigl- meier's "I want to compliment the president on the way he has conducted this meeting on behalf of his votes." know whether he's A manager, player or just a guy looking for'a job . . . Probable successor to Herb Pennock as head of the Red Sox farm system is Joe Reai-don,' : 6f Scranton, Pa., Who has been Peri- nock's assistant-. . . Brahch Rickey says this was the most unusual baseball convention he '• ever attended, "because nobody is talking about winning the pennant. 1 ' Dram Team Turn back the clock the right number of years' and you could get up quite a ball team right in the hotel lobby . . . Fora starter, how about Kiki . Cuyler, Mel Ott, ,co Durochcr, Charley Grimm, Joe _!i-onin, Jimmie, Fox,. Herb, Pennock and Fred Fitzsimmons? . . . Need a catcher, too? Skects Dickey has been around ih his sailor suit shaking hands. passed-around tip was Not So Unusual Herb Pennock figures his new post as boss of the Phillies gives his brand new grandson, Eddie Collins, 3rd., a unique position. "He's the only baby who has two general managers for grandpar ents," says Herb, totally ignoring le u U «:,,Li, the fact tnat almost aU grandpar th-U the ents can qualify for that role where CHRISTMAS » SPECIAL FOR ' 30 ' days only! Mattresses remade. Sheeting 3.95. Striped tick, 5.95. Free delivery. Phone 152. Hope Mattress Co. 24-lmp FOR SALE: ONE ELECTRIC sewing machine, several non- electrics, two hand vacuum cleaners. Sewing machines bought, sold, rented, repaired. - James Allen, 621 Fulton St., Hope, Ark., phone 322-J 2-lmp •ALL TYPES OF HOME AND building repairs. Specialize in<re'< roofing. Estimates free; ^A. M. Rettig, Phone 221. 29-6tc GIVE MAGAZINE SUBSCRIPT- ions for Christmas. Not rationed yet. New or renewal _suhscrip- '. tions on any magazine. See Chas. . Reynerson at City Hall. 30-tmc Lost the younger members of the fam ily are concerned. Lobby Patrol One veteran minor leaguer refused to be impressed by yester day's fuss. "I've seen it happen twice before," he commented "each time the result was the same. The men who were in the ] driver's seat stayed there.". . . . Perhaps the most confused man in the place is Walter (Boom Boom" Beck, who. used to pitch for the Phillies, Bill Cox named Beck as manager of the Utica, N. Y., club before completing arrangements for his release from Knoxvillc, Tenn. Now with new men running the Phils, Boom Boom doesn't DARK,COL,ORED HORSE MULE. . 8'.years old. ,Medium size. Sec v T. S.. McDavitt. Reward. 23-tf LADIES' WHITE GOLD WATCH, downtown Friday. Leather band. , Reward Mrs. Fred White, Phone 15. •• ' 30-3tp Nats were after Pitcher Jim Bagby, Infielder Russ Peters and Fly Chaser Jeff Heath from the Indians. The Tribe, which needs a cen- terfielder almost as much as it needs cash customers, wanted in eturn Outfielder Stan Spece, itcher Bobo Newsom and Infield- _r Johnny Sulivan. None of the Cleveland officials explained what hey wanted , Bobo for, however. The hitch in this entire transaction appeared to be that Washington didn't wan', to give up Spence, one of the top center gardeners in the American League. And while Bluege and Boudreau, were chinning in their corner about ;his, Sewell joined, them and the tip went around that a three-way deal was being cooked up. On top of this, it also was learned Bluege had approached the Yanks with an offer of Newsorn for George Stirnweiss, the rapid infielder who .has been placed in -4F by his draft board. But around these winter meetings, the .big noise still was the late - lamented revolution. Of course, Landis still might revive it by the decision he announced he would have some time today.- But the betting . .. excuse it, com misioner... about 1,. to 1.0 that he .wouldn't. For, f he decided in favor of the five minor league "insurrectionists," he would be iji practically the same spot as the,fellow, who,,after barely their first three-way grand escaping,frpm in front of a^ train, |egy, conference of the war. went out on the tracks again so HOP* STAR, MOM, A» KANSAS Army Physical Requirements Stiffer-Tunney Southwest Pacific Allied Headquarters, Dec. .2 —(/P)— Physical requirements (or fighting this war are more exacting than they were for World War I, Commander'Gene Tvinncy of the navy said today, "and In this war, troops are incomparably better." ' •• The former world champion j boxer, now director of navy physical fitness,-(told Interviewers his physical program is functioning in almost every part of the world, land or sea, where the navy or .he marines are operating. Tunney right now is interested In the physical condition of P-T boat and destroyer crews. "I heard these men are up against pretty rigid duty and I want to sec if anything can be done during their training at home to prepare them for this rigorous work," he said. "We. are especially interested in finding means to increase their endurance." Tunney, who appeared hale and rugged at 210 pounds, explained the chief purpose of his program was to keep men fit after their original physical training at recruit camps. To achieve this he has organized half-hour daily physical maintenance periods for all navy personnel j whose normal activities fail to pro- ' vide them sufficient exercise. Aboard each destroyer is a r physical director. Battleships and o£ good ball players who won t quit cruisers have lwo or three, while full-time jobs without a little extra i at shore stations away f rom the inducement. Eddie Dyer picked up continenta l United States the pro- a third baseman for the Columbus, O., club just by dropping in to see j the football Dodgers. Coach Pete Cawthon recalled that his halfback, Frank Martin, was a pretty good ball player at Alabama U. and Dyer sent him right over to sign with Prxy Al Banister ... Bob Carpenter, Jr., says Herb Pennock's first job with the Phillies will be to educate Bob in the ways of major league baseball ... No wonder he gave Herb a five-year contract. Cookin' With Gob Big Deal While all hands have bemoaned the absence of trades this week, Charlie- Herndon, president of the Appalachian League, was offering a cleat that might interest a lot of folks ... He wanted to trade a pheasant for a ham. Cleaning The Cuff Whether the Southern Association moves up to Class AA .may depend on whether leagues below that class are allowed to pay bonuses to-sign free agents: Billy Evans points out that the south has a lot Coming Allied offensive in Burma is the conversation • topic at Chungking meeting of Lord Louis Mountbatten, new' Southeast Asia commander, and Gen. Joseph W. ("Vinegar Joe") Stilwell, . U. S. China-Burma-India commander. realy of Shlmonosokt, which rceofc- Ized thfe Independence-,,of Korfca nd ceded to Japan Formosa, .Ihei 'escadores Islands and the soutn- rn part o£ Manchurin, (Matf^U-j uo). •;', Japan encountered no effective pposition in moving into the slands she had taken from China, but was temporarily'blocked Wofn aking physical control of anyfljpi'- rllory on the mainland of Asia by i stern note from Russia, Germany ind France which warned the Jap- mcse not to undertake any pcrm1a-| nent occupation in Manchuria (Coren. BLACK HORSE MULE, COMING '- four years old. White nose. Weight, 900 Ibs. $10 reward if put in my lot. Ned Purtle, Prescott, Route-1. l-6tp ONE SORREL HORSE, BRIDLE and saddle. Weight 850; Ibs. Lost in Hope, 'Nov, 29. If found, report to Hope police. l-6tp Wonted to Rent Drive to Crush Germany Seen in Washington By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER Washington, Dec. 2 (IP)— A su- j premc Allied drive to crush Gerthe "guessing" was | many before this winter's end stood ~ out today as one of the most probable subjects for discussion by President Roosevelt, Prime Minister Churchill and Marshal Stalin in strat- One factor undoubtedly entering inlo consideration of a blow this winter is that German morale, shaken by incessant expected to be at its lowest just before the approach of spring brings a-promise of relict from winter suffering. Some qualified experts here believe if an early victory" can be won through collapse of the enemy's home front, that us lime to win it. gram is conducted by commanding officers who may ask Washington for recreational or, physical directors as aides. The results have been eminently satisfactory, Tunney said. "We have definitely proved that- our program had helped keep men from cracking under long strain." Adkins Not to Seek a Third Term El Dorado, Dec. 2(/T > )—The El Dorado Daily News says Governor Adkins has eliminated himself as a third term candidate for gover- ir. The newspaper said one. of Us re- porlers asked Adkins if he would run for re-election next summer and thai he replied: Japan to Be Stripped of Great Empire BY JUDSON BAILEY Associated Press Staff Writer Fulfillment of the pledges made al Cairo by President Rooscvell, Prime Minister Churchill and Prcs- idenl Chiang Kai-Shek will mean stripping Japan of one of the greatest empires ever pul logclh- er. In half a century of ruthless mil- j 000,000 in habitants, itary aggression the Japanese have j The 18Q4 war against China wrought under their dominion near- ! suited ly a quarter of the human race. They really begun spiling out of their native islands, then a community of some -10,000,000 persons inhabiting some 148,000 square miles, in 1B94, when they attacked China. Before the stripping process got well under way they had overrun a total of about 3,000,000 square miles embracing' approximately 50,000,000 persons. These domains included oriental possessions of the United States. Britain, the Netherlands and France. When the Cairo pledges are implemented they will be reduced to little more than the original 148,000 square miles of j Japan, now supporting about 75,- the Barley production last year was estimated at more than 426 million bushels. • re- thc Personal Care For Your Clothes Each article of clothing,^ you bring in for dry clean-.'; ing receives careful, peP,' sonal attention. Buttons.} are sewn on, repairs ex^•; pertly made and we hand' press your clothes. 0,- A Trial Will Prove It. HALL BROS. ^ Cleaners & Hatreri ' Phone 385 Robison's For iChristmas Things] You know that I promised when I made my campaign the last time for governor that I would not run for a third term. I believe in keeping promises." Statchousc sources at Litllc Rock had suggested lhat Adkins might run for a third term. He also had The oldest stone arch bridge in j been mentioned as a possible can- the U. S wos one buill in 1809 near | didate for the United Steles Sen- Frederick, Md. •< The principal requirement of the engine could have another shot | Russian, strategy, as understood by American experts on the eastern front here, is the fact that while the Russians can mount major offensives in the winter and hummer, they can not undertake large scale operations in the spring because of heavy mud. Thus if the assault in the west is to be coordinated with a smashing (Jrive in the east it must be started before the winter's end or delayed until summer. The recent Moscow meeting of foreign ministers and some Allied at him,;, These insurrectionists — the Pacific Coast, International Piedmont and Pony leagues and the American Association — had their revolution well organized yesterday. However, William G. Bramham, the National Association president, threw a fast one at them by revers^ ing his field and giving back voting privileges to 16 minor leagues whose ballot he took away several months ago because they didn't operate in 1943. Fifteen of these 16 voted yester- | military experts afforded the first FIVE OR SIX-ROOM HOUSE. Prefer Ward 1 or 2. Employed in city. Reasonably permanent. No small children, Hope Star. Reference. Call 2-tfdh. THREE OR FOUR ROOM FURN- ished apartment for permanent family. Contact Hope Star. 30-tf UNFUBNISHED HOUSE. MAN going into business here; wife teaches. Phone 646-W. 30-6tp FIVE OR SIX ROOM UNFURN- ished house. Phone 471. 30-6tc For Rent TWO ROOM FURNISHED APART- ment. Bills paid, 1002 East Second Street. Phone 740-J. 23-filp BEDROOM FOR TWO girls, Privat? entrance. Adjoining bath. Call 823-.W after 6 p. m 521 West 4th. _ 27-6tp TWO UNFURNISHED ROOMS. Private entrance to bath. 821 West 7th St. 27-6tp FOUR ROOM APARTMENT UP- staiys in my home. Furnished or unfurnished/No small children. J. A. Sullivan, 404 North Main. 29-tf day, and as a result, Bramham vas re-elected president of the Na- ional Association for another five- year term at $25,000 annually and he major-minor league agreement vas renewed for another year. The rebels" had planned to elect Trank . Shaughnessy, International League president, to Bramham's spot as minor league czar and to vote against renewing the agreement which enables Landis to rule the minors as well as the, big boys. The plea to Landis was taken on the ground the conduct of the meeting was detrimental to baseball — the only basis on which he can take jurisdiction. The whole thing was explained to him by a committee which included Ralph H. Daughton, president of the Piedmont League, and Kemp Bartlett, Jr., secretary of the International League's Baltimore club. Both of these men are lawyers. But it must be remembered "The Head" is a handy man with his Blackstone, too. Sports Mirror FOUR ROOM HOUSE, LARGE grounds, Just out of corporation, off old Fulton hi-way. Mrs. W. A. Price. 30-3tp 2 ROOM APARTMENT. PRIVATE entrance. Corner Foster ' and Spruce Streets. ?f l P£ VERY DESIRABLE UNFURN- ished apartrnent. Close in. Apply 410 N. EJm- l-6tc By The Associated Press Today A Year Aga — Great Lakes chosen leading service team in AP poll; Iowa Pre-Flight, Second; Georgia Pre-Flight, third. Three Years Ago — Minnesota's Golden Gophers, undefeated and untied, chosen as nation's no. football team. Five Years Ago— A. A. U. accepts Glenn Cunninghams 4:0;. mile US American record; awards 1939 track and field championships to U. of Nebraska. A LARGE BEDROOM FOR TWO girls, JCitchen privileges, Private entrance Adjoining bath. Call 635-J after 4 p. m. 410 North Main. 2-3tp Personal PERMANENT WAVE, 59c! DO your own Permanent with Charm- Kurl Kit. Complete equipment, including 4Q curlers and shampoo. Easy to do, absolutely harmless. Praised 'by thousands including Fay McKenzie. glamorous movie star. Money refunded if not Morgan Lindsey. tf. ; Jf By The Associated Press Cleveland Jimmy Bivins, 187 1-4, Cleveland, outpointed Lee Q. Murray, 200, South Norwalk, Conn. (10) Joe Maxim, 182, Fort Bragg, .N. C., stopped Claudio Villar, 200, Spain (6); Maxie Berger. 146, Montreal, outpointed Chuck Hunter, 143, Cleveland (S); Lulu Costantino, 133 1-2, New York, stopped. Freddy Pope, 126, Columbus, Ohio (4*. Elizabeth, N. J. — Frankie Leta, 132. Irvington, N. J., stopped Charley Dayron, 129, New York. f3). Wanted to Buy TABLE TOP GAS RANGE COOK stove. Call 768 from 1 to 4 P. 411. 29-tf occasion for a full exchange of information. But Ihe powers of decision, as vested in the president, prirne minister and marshal, are brought together for the first time in the conference now believed to be in progress, probably at Teheran Iran (Persia), possibly at Cairo or some other point in the Middle East. That the long-discussed second front may be the prime topic was indicated in an Associated Press dispatch from Cairo announcing last night the results of the initial conference of the present historic series, which was held by Messrs, i Roosevelt, Churchill and their ad-' isers with Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek of China and his staff. This dispatch said "it was re- | ported reliably the British and American general staffs engaged in a long argument and discussion on details of a second front." There also was talk of Mediterranean operations suggesting strikes into Soulhern France and the Balkans might be in the making. The Brilish-Amcrican slaff meeting was entirely separate from the work of Anglo-American-Chinese military leaders which, the official communique said, produced agreement on "future operations," not identified. Thus the pattern of the war in Europe, as well as the actions necessary to get supplies into China for use against Japan, already has been taken up. The fact that discussion of the second front resulted in long argument was the most concrete evidence yet produced that all decisions regarding the invasion of Europe have not yel been made and lhat, wilhin the limits of weather conditions and the exlent of Allied preparation, plans for it may be speeded up to fit the requirements of Russian strategy. All aulhorilalive statements recently have been to the effect that air power alone would not be relied on to crush Germany. In line with that belief the Allies have been massing invasion forces and boats in and around England for many months. It has been assumed, and military informants say . rightly so, that unless air power, along with German defeats on the Russian front, should suddenly crack German morale, this invasion force will be thrown across the channel when (1) it is fully prepared (2) Russian strategy is favorable and (3) weather condilions are righl. Clocked-Fresh from oven . , to store . . to you! Get it today—enriched with Kroger's exclusive Thiron, it gives you more vitamins. . 20-Oz. Loaves 171/2-Oz. Jar American Beauty PORK & BEANS 3-Lb. Jar CRISCO Domino Cane SUGAR 5-Lb. Bag Red POTATOES 10 Lbs. Large Head LETTUCE Head Shirts Shirtcraft Shirts . . . 1.64 and 1,94 Jayson Shirts 2.49 Robes In Flannel, Rayons, Jacuard and Corduroy. 5.98 ,o 16.50 Dress Gloves 1.98 ,o 2.98 Hickok Jewelry 'Key Chains, Tie Clasps and Chains and Kniv.es. 98C and 1.50 Billfolds 69c ,o 3.98 Hickok Belts 98c « 2.00 Pajamas 1,98,0 4.98 Leather Jackets 10.98 ,„ 24.85 * ' •' Ja ''.Cloth Jackets 6.98 . 9^98 Overcoats Curlee and Roger Fields. 19.85,0 24.85 Boys' Sport Coats 7 .98 ,o 9.98 Gifts for the Service Men - - Army or Navy Kits Ties, Socks, Comb and Brush Sets, Attractively Priced. 98c ,o 8.00 Neckties Rayon and Woolens. o 1.00 Texas, Pink or White 5 Lbs, GRAPEFRUIT Texas Juicy ORANGES KEQGEHfs I Lbs. GUARANTEED Men's Hats Rothchild and Wright Airflow. 3.98 to 5.98 We Give Eagle Stamps Men's Dress Pants 2,98 * 6.98 • Tie Racks f Cloth Brushes • Scgrfs • "Tie - Handkerchief Sets • Smoke Sets Men's Suits Curlee and. Sewell. 22,50 -o 35.00 The Leading Department Store; ,f&jp^",#,!,'< v T,//vy '7<Tr ^T *• ' •**Y' '*'*^ i %$W^**P 7 j$ Hope THE Arkansas Partly cloudy and cooler today and l&nighl; temperatures slightly below freezing In north and extrrrn6 west portion tonight. M H0«, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 3 ,1943 ^^^^^ * • "... ' " ..it i. .i >i • -i .•*....^« »». I,, .1. .. lock busters Newspaper EAttri PRICE 5c COPY Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor -ALEX. H. WASHBURN- No Polities in Soldier Vote *£» W c hen A hn L., Mc Clellan campaigned for the United ^ eCed e ' e W0uld con Reinforced Nazis fail to Halt Reds in Gomel Area By HENRY C. CASSIDY "•Moscow. Dec. 3- (ip } - while G.crman infantry and tank divisions, heavily reinforced by mechanized forces rushed from Western Europe, battered in v «u. ; lga inst inc Russians' Cherkasy bridgehead on. the Dnieper river, Red Army troops carved out new gains yes- crday northwest of Gomel, where * they, captured more than 80 towns, a -Soviet communique announced today. .• .. • . . • Fighting continued with unabated ferocity all along the front, despite prevalence of rain, 'Viuch, field dispatches 'said. and . The Russian communique reported '-gains along the lower Pripet river; southeast of Zhlpbin, and in the '.direction of Znamenka, a rail center southwest of Kremenchug y to latcrnl communications ween xthc Kiev bulge and the Dnieper bend. .• .. :. Approximately 2,900 German W,erc killed in Thursday's battles, the..communlquc sai&Land .the Rus- *4', f? and other war;equipment. The war bulletin said the Germans were throwing troops against the Russian lines "without consideration for large IPSSCS," espccial- . ly in Ihe Cherkasy sector, where 1.000 Nazis were wiped'out in a i-j-scrios of futile counter .attacks. (Both the Russian and German communiques were silent concerning the blppdy fighting in the Kiev bulge east of Zhitomir and Koros- ten,; where tank battles of unparal- .1 Celled intensity were said to be raging. German broadcasts, however, reported a fresh Soviet offensive 1 surging southwest along the Smo- lensk road toward Orsha and Minsk, capital of White Russia, al .'intersection of Ihe Moscow-Warsaw and Libau-Kharkov railways. Berlin said the Red Army drive had pierced the German lines in two places.) Gen. Conslanline Rokossovsky's ,fdrlye for Zhlobin, in addition to killing 1,500 German troops Thursday, captured many prisoners and wrecked 26 tanks. Red Army artillery-lent a covering barrage to Ihe advancing Russians in ihis sector, j farther-decimating the enemy's ' .strength, Ihe war bulletin said. NEW COFFEE" so URGE" Sydney, Australia — (JP>— A Sydney man wants to form a company to make cpffee from bananas, rising a recipe known to his family "for years. He has challenged any coffee drinker to tell Ihe difference. Keeping Up With /v Ration Coupons Processed and Canned Fopds; ..: November 1—First day for green stamps A, B and C in Ration Book' 4. .November 20 — Last day for ..blue stamps X, Y and Z in Ration Book 2. , JJecembcr 20—Last day for green stamps A, B and C in Ration Book 4. Senator Berkley and the Democratic majority had sponsored a bill which would have given President Roosevelt a clear hand in picking the commission. But Senate Republicans, aided by eight Democrats, successfully amended the bill to provide that both major parties submit nominations for the cdmmission, the president then to pick from these nominees two Democrats and two Republicans. One of the eight Domocrats so voting was Senator McClellan. It was an 'act of political courage —but more than that, a clear foresight into the dangers that may confront this republic when the war is over, or even before. Leaders Drafting 'Give in Or Die' Offer to Nazis he be the president—to advise the soldiers on political matters, and to control- the counting of their votes, is something every American citizen must ultimately realize strikes at the heart of representative government. Ours is a country in which the individual citizen supposedly helps run the government, rather than the government running him (as in the countries with which we are lose our historic American liberty is to folio' wthc lead of the crumbling European dictatorships and keep on concentrating authority in one man. It is a road that is easy for private citizens, for a while— and then gels very tough. : Seriate Told Tax Would Destroy Racing Washington, Dec. 3 — (IP)— Gov. Spcssard Holland ef Florida tpld the Senate Finance Committee today imposition of a proposed five per cenl federal tax on pai*i-n>utu,ol wagering, would; resultiin-. destruction of the racing industry. The tax is included in the House- passed new revenue bill'jon which the Senate group is now conducting hearings, and Ihe Florida governor was joined in opposing it by various Slale Racing Commission officials. Holland said the Florida' slate constitution would have to be amended and a special session of the legislature would be required if the bill passed, because "it would conflict with state regulations." C. F. Connors, chairman of the Masachusctts Slalc Racing Commission, testified the same condi- lion prevailed in his slate and in many others of the 22 which have By E, D: BALL London, Dec. 3W-The London Star said today a Roosevclt-Stalln- Churchill conference in the Middle East has drawn up a final "give in or die!' ultimatum to Germany,"Stalin is at war parley; meeting Churchill and Roosevelt; give m or die to Germany," was the way the afternoon newspaper headlined the article. Earlier, Chairman Tom Connallu pf the U. S. senate foreign relations committee had declared in Fort Worth, Texas, "another great conference is taking place In the Middle cast" among the three United Nations leaders, and described the meeting as "of paramount significance." "The Churchill, Roosevelt, Stalin mecling, aimut which there has been so much speculation,' has taken place," the London Star said. "The three slalesmen arc now in legalized racing. Herbert Bayard Swope, chair- Cheese, Butter and FaU: Meat, Cheese, Butter and Fats: November 21 — First day for brown stamp L in Book 3. , , , 'November 28 — First day for • stamp M in Book 3. December 4 — Lasl for for •"brown slamps G, H, J and K in BpQjv 3. ; < December 5 — First duy for ; brown stamp N' in Book 3. i December 12 — First day for ; brown stamp P jn Book 3. '«, December 19 — Firsl day for I orown 'stamp Q in Book 3. i January I— Last day for brown ! stamps L, M, N, P and Q in Book 3. Geo. W. Robison 6- Co.! Hope Nashville JNe-vembcr i _ jpjj.^ day for I sugar stamp No. 29 in Ration | Book 4. Good for five pounds. j Qaspline: ! November 21— Last day for No. lj#"couppns in A Ration Book, gpod i v 'tPf, three gallons. B and C are good fur two man of the New York Slate Racing Commission,' asserled Ihe right lo race is "definitely a state function" granted by the legislature or by constitutional amendment, When Senator Lucas (D-I11) stated the proposed levy appeared to be "an attempt of the federal government to invade Ihe field of stale luxation," Holland noddd agreement. "We've tried to play fair in our slalc and wilhdraw from taxation fields which we think belong to Ihe federal government," Holand said. "We feel very keenly that control of legalized wagering is a state right." Lucas also commented he be' licved "where there is one bookie now, ten would spring up if this bill passed." Again, Holland agreed. The Florida governor asserted "in addition to all its oilier faults Ihe bill is poorly written and the language is not clear as to how the lax is lo be imposed." Senator Vandcnbcrg (R-Mich) inquired "how should it read?" and Senator Andrews (D-Fla) interposed: "It should be eliminated." Holland stressed his view that "each stale has sel up what is thought to be Ihe maximum burden of laxalion which will slili allow racing to conlinue, so if the federal government imposes another tax it means the industry ..will collapse." UP Some reports, Axis and neutral, say the meeting place is Teheran; others say it Is Tabriz, in the Russian military zone of Northern Persia. "The first definite news of this new conference was given to the world by Connally in a radio address from Fort Worth," Official Washington and London maintained discreet silence, while continental radios told the worlc President Roosevelt, Prime Minis tcr Churchill and Premier Joseph Stalin were in Iran drawing up an ultimatum calling upon Ger many to surrender under pain of being bombed to destruction. . Lonodn, Dec. 3 — (IP) While Washington and London maintained a dcscrccl silence, continental radios told the world today. President Roo scvclt, Prime Minister Churchill and Premier Stalin were in Iran drawing up an ultimalum calling upon Germany to surrender undci pain of being bombed IP destruction. A Berlin broadcast, quoting advices from Lisbon, declared Ihc mecling would end during the day and predicted a communique announcing the decisions reached A'ould be issued before; .nightfall. The German;- ooritrollwlj-,.".'Paris radio asserted the .ponferen^ was being held i at Tabi'ij i in; j$di)thwest Iran, across the border from Rusj sia, and said Soviet. troops had been concentrated there 'to assure safety of the Allied stalesmen. Similar reports emanated from Bern, Vichy and Turkey. All agreed the conferees were meeting somewhere in Iran, but some expressed belief the conference 'was being held in the capilal al Teheran. The situation closely paraleled the circumstances surrounding the recent North African conference, when Axis and neutral sources proclaimed Roosevelt and Churchill were conferring in Cairo with General Ossimor Chiang-Kai Slick several days before the official announcement of that meeling. (In Forl Worth, U. S. Senator Connaly, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relalipns committee, d c . clared in a radio address last night "another great conference is taking Yank 5th Army Starts Push to Crack Nazi Line By WES GALLAGHER Allied Headquarters, Algiers, Dec. 3 (IP) —Lt. Gen. Mark W, Clark's Fifth Army troops, after a long stalemate en the Wester ItaV lian fi-pnt, have cracked forward through machine-gun-raked fields and barbed wire in the Calabritto area in the wake of a rolling'.barrage of artillery shells and aerial bombs, Allied headquarters announced today. The Bmisn Eighth Army which dominates the surrounding country. The Germans were reported. :yestorday rushing reserves from' Northern Italy in an attempt fb stem the drive. Front line advices said the Germans-were trying to use crowds'of refugees to block and hamper,the Allied advance. They were report-' ed to be taking the populations of small towns and driving them out among leaders place in Ihe Middle Easl Ihe three United Nations and said the meeting was "of paramount significance.") Unconfirmed press dispatches from Turkey asserted a demand to Germay to surrender or be bombed to destruclion was being prepared and that the ultimatum would provide for stripping Germany of all her war gains. "It is certain that llje Allies will make an unconditional surrender appeal lo the Germans," they said. "The three statesmen must there- fere take a dccisipn on the fprm >f German government with which they will be prepared to negotiate." , In London it was thought -a "Big Three" declaralipn might assure .he German pcpplc Ihey would not 30 enslaved, regardless pf how icavily Germany must pay for the war. Such a declaration, it was bought, would tell the German ?cople the Allies were not fighting them but their Nazi masters, and would assure them they would be "roe to chopse their own fprm pf democratic government after the Nazi regime was abolished Significantly, perhaps, 'Stalin's 941 assertion "wo have npt and :annpt have such war aims as forc- ng our will and our regime on ! Slavonic pr any other enslaved Eu! ropean peoples who continued to smash the Germans back beyond the Sangro ridge, and captured Castel Frentano, on a'lat- eral road west of the important German defense town of Lancianp, and pushed on toward San Vito on the Adriatic coast, six miles /beyond Wednesday's line. But Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery's drive showed signs of slowing down Both the Fifth and Eighth Armies took prisoners in their advance.; The air force reported heavy at- lacks arpund San Giorgio, Rocca and Cervano on the Fifth Army front where the Germans were said to have "mounted guns on every stralegic heaight around the road to Rome." Allied air attacks sverc the heaviest in many days and 17 German planes were destroyed for a loss of eight Allied planes. A force of Liberators, escorted by Lightnings, pounded Bolzano, on the Brenner Pass line in Northern Italy, while the British destroyers Quccnsborouglv and RAdier bombarded Nazi instalalions in the Albanian port of Durazzo at night. The Liberators and Lightnings were engaged by strongman-nations' of Mc-109s and FW-190s and shpt down fpur with a loss of three Pilots flying over Ihe Fifth Army bailie area reported "fierce fighl- ing" and great clouds of dust rising over large areas enveloped by bat- toward the advancing Fifth and a^lso Eighth armies, then blcwing up lie. Calabrilto, five miles soulhwest of Mignano a t Ihe strongest part of the German line defending the main road to Rome, was the scene of the heaviest Fifth Army fighting and reports were extremely reserved on how far Clark's army had progressed. , The Germans made a particularly determined effort to halt tha Eighth Army in the Lanciano area where Ihey held a 900-fcol ridge bridges behind them in an attempt to create conditions similar to those in France during the Nazi blitz. Front line dispatches said the Fifth Army's stab was the biggest Allied offensive since the landing at Salernos but the Germans were fighting fiercely on every section of the front, and numerous minefields and heavy demolitions were being encountered. Gen. Clark came under fire yesterday during a tour of the battle front; half a dozen shells falling near iwhere he* was standing. P-40 Warhawks and A-36 dive- bombers flew some 30 sorties along a 20-mile' section of the front and"d,roppcd more than 10 tons of high explosives as well as hundreds of fragmentation bombs on the German positions before the lurch ..forward of the Fifth Army. The; results were so devastating the lasl of the reluming P-40 pilols said;they 1 'encountered almost no anti-aircraft fire, apparently because; the Germans were deserting theitvguns. , Finland Decides to Continue to Fight With Nazis By EDWIN SHANKE Stockholm, Dec. 3 (>P) -"-Finland has quietly dropped the propaganda line that she is fighting a private was disassociated from the world conflict and apparently has decided to continue against Russia as a partner of Germany. „• the fight full-fledged • - «*&" «'J n - d . British air atlacks yestetafty-ltVetched-- from - Marseille, where U-boat pens were bombed by Flying Fortresses for the first lime, to the Yugoslav coast where a Nazi Sicbcl ferry and tug were set afire and several smaller vessels damaged. German fighters came up in their greatest strength to attack the Fortresses at Marscilcl. Eleven Gorman planes were shot down out of the 20 lo 25 which engaged Ihe Fortresses and their P-38 fighter escort. The Fortresses themselves shot down nine. A railway bridge at tihictii was attacked by medium bombers, and '.he railway center of Arczo, 90 niles north of Rome on the line o Florence, was bombed at night. Food Subsidies Necessary- LaGuardia Washinglon, Dec. 3 —(&)— Mayor Fiorello H. LaGuardia of New York pity asserted today abolition of 'ood subsidies not only would mean ligher living costs but might bring an inflation thai would break the financial back of every city in the country. Testifying before the Senate will celebrate independence days of all the American republics, is its Congress adopts a bill presented to that effect. The bill also provides fpr celebrating pf the anniversary pf the signing pf the Magma Churia us a tribute Ip ,. Britain's co.nl i-ibutions to democracy. assistance," was 'republished yesterday in the Spviet war news weekly. Another topic which might be discussed at any "big three" conference might Ue the, attitude of neutral Turkey whose entrance into the war on the side pf the Allies is (Continued on Pa^o V JI Banking Committee in opposition 'o Ihe home-approved legislation hat would halt Ihe billon dollar,a year government subsidy program Jan. 1, La Guardia said a lot of statistics had been put forward by both sides of Ihe conlrovcrsy and added: i "The people of my lown car)'I al slalsitics; we are concerned vilh food prices, and they've al- 39 per cent since '41. We cun't af- "ord to let them get out of hand." La Guardia, gesticulating with us horn-rimmed spcclacles, said 'if we should have inflation every 2ity in Ihis country would go brokei including mine," The New York mayor was one if several city administrators here o oppose the subsidy repeal, vhich the House passed by a top- icavy majority and which farm loc leaders, seeking higher agri t ultural prices in lieu of subsidies, lave prediclcd the Scnale also will approve. La Guardia, appearing as chairman of the United States Conference of Mayors, tcslified jf the gov- ernmcnl tried to control food prices at exisling levpls through ceilings from Ihe farm to the market place, the producer "wouldn't get his fail- share," whereas subsidies allowed the government to "maintain a fail- price to the producer and keep the consumer from paying the difference." La Guardia said regardless of what Labor Department statistics might show, he considered the estimate of 39 per cent food price rise in New York City since 1941 as "the most accurate, because it corned from Mrs. Smith, Mrs. Jones, Mrs. Brown and Mrs. Esposilo." Rail Traffic Control Is Electric Now That square brick building going up on the Missouri Pacific depot lawn in Hope is a nerve center in the railroad's new Centeralizcd Traffic Control Syslcm, O. R. Thurston of Litlle Rock, signal railroad, told supervisor for the the Rotary club at its luncheon today noon in Hotel Barlow. Mr. Thurston headed a speaking program which also featured the introduction to the club of Lt. Col. J. C. Brier, new commanding .officer of the Southwestern Proving Ground. In Iho railroad party with Mr. Thurston were D. E. Hilton, Little Rock, trainmaster; and R. L. McCain, Hope agent. They were introduced on a program arranged by Guy E. Basye. Mr. Thurston told the club that centralized traffic conlrol eliminates the handling of trains by written orders. Under CTC the' movement of all trains on the division is controlled by one man, who has a clear picture of their exact position on the board before him at all times. Should some safely factor arise, such as a local blockade of the track, a broken rail, or a bad switch, the electric system, automatically cancels the controller's orders. The safety facloi 1 , therefore, is taken out of human hands. Installation of the new system, which will be completed in Hope about December 23, and on the whole Tcxarkana-Popular Bluff scclion by next spring, will bring lo Hope an added monthly payroll of about $700, the speaker continued. Centralized traffic control, Mr. Thurslon continued, will send trains over the line faster than the old wrilien-order system. It is being applied in tin's section to 198 miles of single-track and 39 miles of double-track railroad. A single-track line, Mr. Thurston explained, will handle about 33 trains a day efficiently under the writlen-order system — and up to 65 trains a day with centralized (Continued gn Page T&re.e) This decision, following a period in' which some Finnish "leaders showed a tendency toward trying to get out of the war, was taken as the only practical alternative to plans formulated at' the Moscow conference, which the Finns interpreted to mean they would have to surrender unconditionally, a reliable informant said. ' • In line with the new policy, which also reflected growing Nazi pressure, a directive was said to have been sent to the controlled Finnish press, instructing it that thereafter there should be no mention of a separate war. A stricter censorship also was reported to have been clamped down on the press, into which public sentiment for peace had sometimes found its way. According to information reaching Stockholm,'Premier Edwin Lin- komies and Foreign Minister Sir Henrik Ramsay called the.tune, in a debate on future policey following the meeting of representatives of Great Britain, the United States and Russia at Moscow. The Finnish cabinet, in effect, had decided to cling indefinitely to the line it had been pursuing since Hitler inv«.dod Russia, but the communique issued at the Moscow meeting, it was said, left the Finns asking themselves, "What docs it mean for Finland?" Uncon- r'.^U? 1 surrender was the' only ans.wer' they 7 c'buld find -and1' ; this decided they could never accept, preferring rather-to fight on alone even after the Axis capitulated, it was repotted. Called to Helsinki for consultation following the Moscow conference, Toivo Kivimaeki, minister to Berlin, was quoted as telling a secret session of the parliamentary Foreign Affairs Committee "we must please the Germans. There has been top much pro-Ally tend- Planes Lost, But Whole City Left in Flames © cncy and loo much demonstration.' Kivimaeki's tone, anti-German it was said caused Former Minister of Education Uurit Hannula to remark, "perhaps it would be better if the minis- .ter looked after Finnish interests in Berlin instead of German affairs in Helsinki." Kivimaeki, angered, was represented as threatening to resign, but he never took the action. Germany, meanwhile appears to have received what she wanted. She has agreed to furnish Finland lens of thousands to tons of grain and sugar by January 1, and official Nazi newspapers are printing laudatory articles about "Finland's example" in which they emphasize that Finland is a "comrade in arms," Hope Negro to Be Tried for Slaying Salt Lake City, Dec. 3—(/Pj—Charles Foster, 24, Ncgor, will be tried icrc Oec. 13 in connection with the slaying of Blanche Kern, 29. Foster pleaded innocent here yesterday to a charge of stabbing the victim in a night club Oct. 26. Both came here from Hope, Ark. Arkansas is the largest producer of hardwood of any state in the Enemy Losses Huge in Recent Pacific Fights —Worin Pacific By The Associated Press iPrimc Minister Jchn Curtin told Australia today there is no short cut lo victory in the Pacific, and widespread assaults on Japanese positions only served to emphasize the immensity pf the task ahead. Allied bombers, carrying the brunt of new attacks, sank a troop- laden 10,000 ton enemy transport and a large tanker, damaged twe destrpyers and shpt down 21 Japanese planes in air battles from the Marshalls to the • Solomons. In ground fighting, more than 600 marines made a two-day raid inside enemy lines on Bougainville, Northern Solomons, and the announcement said they killed upward of 200 Japanese. The Americans, opposed by twice their number, destroyed considerable supplies and withdrew with 15 marines killed and 71 wounded. On the Japanese credit side; however, was the loss to the United Stales of the 1,525-ton submarine Wahoo and the sinking of the escort carrier Liscome Bay in the Gilbert islands campaign.. The naval cas- •••-"'— announced yesterday ualtics brought to 132 the ships 1 of v aU classpsrsunk-during-tjiie. VvarM >•• -v ,- Cm-tin's statement 'on the Pacific struggle came in his disclosure! he had just completed -. an •important three-day conference with General Douglas MacArthur, commander of Allied forces .in.the Southwest Pa- —Europe ^^ London, Dec. 3 —(/P)— Britain's ,<,'-* blockbusting armadas flew against 13 Berlin last night for the fifth time JT-, in two weeks and fought their?">*• greatest battle yet in the relentles'S ! ' i l, J campaign to erase the Nazi capi- '• «j tai. i- , , >?y Shooting toward.a city already £L\~"tf, third demolished, where fires still >/ J > | flared from^ the previous attacks, 1 '/« the squadrons of four-engihed bombers drove through flare'paths *wq lighting the approaches to the city >' || from as far away as' 50 miles, 'y ' pierced exploding walls of heavy ' $ anti-aircraft fire and slugged it out }„ with scores of night fighters Hhe t '* Germans had ' massed over the ' S arena. s The British announced the loss or t 41 aircraft in this and other oper- - * ations, but at the end they -left > great geysers of flame shooting up " from the stricken city, the world's - -' fourth largest, and billows" of -'' smpke and flame which climbed lo heights of three miles, i V The fierce attack lasted half an . i hour and was over by 8 p. m. dur- '; ing this time ast least 30 four-ton ' blockbusters — which can obliler- • ate everything for , hundreds of ' , yards around — hurtled down ' among the bewildered defenders.' f *'I The telephone lines to Sweden were '),. 'knocked out almost at once, but - J$( were shortly restored. >u ^ The bombers dropped nearly 2,- <„ 000 long tons of explosives and ' incendiaries. This brought to about' -"i' 15,000 the tptal dumped this year ^ pn the wprld's most bomtfcd city.-'; s The Germans in their broadcasts cific. The prime minister said the three-power Cairo agreement to force Japan's, unconditional surrender was discussed, and declared final victory must wait on events in Europe. In a review of the miltiary ; situation, he said Rabaul, New Britain, Japan's key base in the Southwest Pacific, "has now become a precarious naval and air bast which the enemy uses to great hazard." Rabaul has oeen hit so hard from the air in recent months the Japanese apparently are not risking any more ships than necessary in its harbor. U. S. bombers dropped 111 toijs of bomb on Wewak, New Guinea, in an assault marked by reappearance of Japanese fighters. At least ten of 40 interceptors were shot down. Two Liberators were lost. /The Japanese sent up 35 Zeros to oppose an American raid on the Taroa airdrome in the Maloelap atoll of the Marshals, and seven were shot down, The army attackers suffered no losses. 'the 'whole Berlin^area, "already in great state of disruption .with only, < a few transportation lines restored i', to service from previous attacks',"""' with the streets still filled with de- r bris and the people living frpm hand to mouth from temporary*" 1 "' stores established in cellars and street stands^ , But the Nazis, who apparently "*' had concentrated every available !> weapon and fighter they could •' muster for the "battle'of Berlin," claimed they had shot down 30 i bombers. Three newspaper correspondents, Lowel Bennett of the Amcr-i' < v ican news agency, INS; Norman , Stockton of the Sydney (Australia) ' Sun, and another jpurnalist whose name was withheld temporarily until his family can be informed, „»> failed .to return from the great raid.-. '• ' >,.'' '• -;• ••••' • • . They had been alipt'ted places in the raiding forrnation's to report the assault. ..'•••'-..' > Simultaneously with the Berlin attack, Mosquito raiders hit targets in Western Germany. Indications were the RAF had union. Former St. Mark's Rector Dies The Rev. J. W. Whaling died recently at his home in Frostburg, Md., according to information received by Hope friends. He was at one time rector of St. Mark's Epis. copal Church here. j Survivors include his widow and two daughters, all of Frostburg. Justice McFaddin Endorses Boy Scout Financial Drive Hempstead County Council Boy Scouts of America. Dear sirs: In October of each year, the Hempstead District of the Boy Scouts of America has the annual drive for the support of scouting in Hempstead County. This year the drive was postponed to allow the War Bond Drive and the War Fund Drive to have full priority. Hempstead County went over the top in each of these patriotic drives in which scouting (assisted. Now, the time has come for the Boy Scouts to have their annual drive. For over fifteen years, I have helped in this drive, but this year, my work in the Supreme Court prevents me from being present, although I am anxious to help otherwise. We of Hempstead County owe an obligation to the Boy Scouts of today. They will be the college boys of the post-war world. We want these boys to be fine, Christian Americans; and scouting helps insure that probability. Every dollar invested in scouting now is a dollar of insurance against an era of wildness following the war. Signed: ED F. McFADDIN, Associate Justice, Arkansas Sureme Court'.' achieved a destruction in Berlin to the extent that it was now spreading out its attacks to avoid bombing what had been hit before. This was reflected in the German reports that the raid extended over the whole metropolitan area, and corroborated by Swedish correspondents' dispatches .which said now fires were blazing all thiough the north central and southern sec- lions. ..;•... The wide-open fight to the death, one of the greatest night air battles of history, was fought in relatively clear weather in which the capital was only half covered by clouds and lit up by hundreds of searchlight batteries. . It was the second important Allied heavy bomber rait} on Na/.i facilities in less than 13 hours. Yesterday American Fortresses from the North African command carried out a heavy assault on the submarine pens and construction facilities at Marseille jn their first blow on that Nazi Mediterranean base. According to Nazi versions of the raid, large formations of German sightcrs met the incoming British planes over the Elbe river, 65 miles west of. Berlin, and engaged them in a running fight. The German broadcasts acknowledged, however, despile this protective screen many of the British planes drove through to the largel, and spoke of heavy figbling "over .he whole area of greater Berlin" between 8 and 9:30 p.m. The sky over the city was illuminated with "multi-colored" flares, although it was g bright, stur-lii night, the German radio said. It was the first raid on Berlin since last Friday night, Nov, 20. when a great fleet of RAF heavy bombers delivered a pulverizing as- suit on the German capital. Despite German threats of fearful reprisals for these assaults. Britain again was free of enemy raiders last night. American losses fpr live month were 03 heavy bombers, six medium bombers \iuid 42 fighters.
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