The Cincinnati Enquirer from Cincinnati, Ohio on October 27, 1991 · Page 4
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October 27, 1991

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The Cincinnati Enquirer from Cincinnati, Ohio · Page 4

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Sunday, October 27, 1991
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A-4From Page A-1 the Cincinnati enquirer Sunday, October 27, 1991 oviets assert selves to protect their environmen LOS ANGELES TIMES IRKUTSK, U.S.S.R. Last spring, the Soviet government announced plans to build a coal-fired, 800-megawatt electricity-generating station in this Siberian industrial city. The plant would have been so huge that designers were planning a smokestack 500 feet high to dissipate the smoke. In years past, the project might have caused little stir under a system whose main slogan was "Communism equals Soviet power plus electrification of the whole country." But Communist Party influence is on the wane, and the people of Irkutsk, a city on the edge of a vast, starkly beautiful wilderness, now worry instead about air pollution and acid rain threatening their existence. Tens of thousands of names were gathered on petitions against the power plant and sent to Moscow. Even schoolchildren marched with placards saying: "Stop the Power Station." And, according to Mefyordi Grudinin, a geologist who sits on Irkutsk's recently formed city environmental commission, the popular opposition stopped the project in its tracks. "Soviet society has become so different," Grudinin said. "Only 15 years ago, we were thinking to build more and more factories. Now we want to close them all down." As the power plant incident indicates, an environmentally conscious "green" movement is finally flexing its political muscle across the Soviet Union, a country once notorious for its rape of nature. From residents near a vitamin factory in St. Petersburg to the quickly disappearing Aral Sea in Central Asia, environmentalists have begun demanding radical changes in the country's economic agenda to give priority to protection of the environment. Closely identifying themselves with democratic forces, the green movements are now seeing their representatives in regional governments and Moscow rise to new prominence after last August's failed coup. There are few places where ecological concern is more dramatically illustrated than in Irkutsk, which lies near Lake Baikal, the world's deepest lake. Accounting for more than a fifth of the fresh water on the earth and known as the "Pearl of Siberia," Baikal has been increasingly threatened by industrial pollution. An immense paper products complex sits upon Baikal's southern shore, employing 36,000 people and dumping its waste into the lake even in the winter, when the surface is covered by three feet of ice. More than 360 rivers flow into Baikal, and many of them now carry pollution from factories upstream. Only the Angara River flows out of Baikal, and the government has chosen mo wiiicrwdy a one ui dozens of heavy industrial plants ranging from aluminum smelters to chemical win ks. The environmental movement in the region came to life in 1988 when the Baikal Paper Complex proposed to build a huge pipeline to carry its waste products. The Baikal Fund, a small environmental group with members in three cities, stunned everyone by collecting 107,000 signatures against the project and sent the petitions to the Communist Party Central Committee in Moscow. The project was shelved. . tu f Yugoslav army bombards Croats Commander demands surrender, wants an answer by tonight Miodrag Jokic, spoke to reporters in Dubac, 2 miles south of the heart of Dubrovnik. And in the self-proclaimed autonomous Serb region of Krajina, in Croatia's Dalmatian hinterland, authorities ordered what they said was a general callup for the ongoing civil war. 'Slovenia is free' The fiercest fighting in Croatia was reported Saturday near Pod-ravska Slatina, 100 miles west of Zagreb near the Hungarian border, Tanjug said. In neighboring Slovenia, more than 2,000 people waved the republic's flags and released a flock of white doves as the last Yugoslav soldiers departed. The republic's president said, "Slovenia is now free." The events contrasted the different fortunes of the two republics since declaring independence June 25. Slovenia has moved close to full independence since reaching a European Community-brokered truce with federal officials in July. But Croatia has been locked in a bitter civil war against the federal military and ethnic Serb rebels opposed to secession. A series of cease-fire plans have failed in Croatia, where more than 1,000 people have died since June 25. THE ASSOCIATED PRESS ZAGREB, Yugoslavia The Yugoslav military bombarded remaining Croat strongholds in eastern Croatia Saturday and tightened its blockade of the port of Du-brovnik, where war-weary residents searched for escape routes. The Yugoslav army commander, Col. Gen. Pavle Strugar, demanded that Croatian forces in the city lay down arms and that fighters who came to Dubrovnik after Jan. 1 leave under a guarantee of safe passage. 'Unacceptable ultimatum' If the Croats agree, the army would not enter the city, end its blockade and restore electricity and water, Strugar said in a letter delivered to Croatian authorities. He said he expected an answer by this evening. But Col. Imre Agotic of the Croatian National Guard immediately rejected what he labeled as "an ultimatum unacceptable to Croats." Meanwhile, a Yugoslav navy commander said the blockade of Dubrovnik had been tightened and that only ships carrying food and medicine or evacuating women, children and the sick would be allowed in, the Tanjug news agency reported. The commander, Rear Adm. - , " t- .t ' , Kr f . . . ..- , . . ,- U.S., Chinese trouble at home threatens link BALTIMORE SUN BEIJING China announced last week that a Shanghai publishing house has purchased the rights to Scarlett, the best-selling sequel to Gone with the Wind. The news was notable not as a cultural oddity the original novel has long been popular here but as a concession to the United States on the problem of violations of American copyrights here. Such concessions by China have been fairly frequent this year on a wide range of issues of mounting concern to the United States. They include: vows to stop exporting prison-made goods; cooperation within the U.N. Security Council on arms control; engaging in human-rights dialogues with foreign delegations; and pledges to reduce Chinese import barriers. But these and other conciliatory moves by China have been too little and have come too late to stem a profound deterioration in Sino-American relations a downward trend that poses significant risks for both countries' interests. The current portfolio of friction between the United States and China is stuffed with difficult issues. It includes conflicts over China's human rights abuses, trade practices and arms sales to name only a few of the major problems. But in many ways these disputes are not new, and diplomats here on both sides believe that they ultimately could be solved with patience and pragmatism. What is new, however, is that domestic political considerations within both nations are increasingly becoming a key factor in the fray with debilitating consequences. As a U.S. diplomat here last week described it: "The relationship has become like a Marine free-fire exercise." On the American side, two factors account for this: President Bush might be vulnerable in next year's election on his policy of sticking by China; and China's strategic importance to the United States has been diminished by Soviet communism's collapse. On the Chinese side, the domestic factors are not entirely dissimilar. While there are not free elections here, there is an on-going, multifaceted leadership struggle. With a Communist Party plenum likely later this year and a party congress set for next year, internal political conflicts appear sharper conflicts in which anti-Americanism and national integrity in the face of foreign pressure are useful themes for the party's most conservative elders. The United States is now widely perceived as needing China far less than China needs the United States. But severely damaged relations could mean short-term, higher costs for clothes, footwear, toys and electronic equipment for U.S. consumers; a halt to American business expansion here; the loss of China's needed cooperation in the United Nations; and a rise in regional tensions in Asia and elsewhere as a result of Chinese arms sales or destabilizing policies. The Associated PressChristof Birbaumer A Croatian soldier oils his Kalashnikov during a Yugoslav Federal Army mortar attack Saturday on the village of Nustar. Military's advance leaves pristine coastline in ruins THE ASSOCIATED PRESS KUPARI, Yugoslavia The Yugoslav army's onslaught on Dubrovnik has left one of Europe's most beautiful coastlines in ruins and many Croats in despair as they helplessly await the fall of the republic's cultural jewel. Complete villages and resorts with luxurious hotels have been wiped out since Oct. 1 , when the Serb-dominated federal army launched its offensive. Most of the Croats living in Kupari and all the remaining Croat forces in the area have retreated toward the by the army could deal a serious psychological blow to the Croats. The town has survived virtually intact since 1292, when planners surrounded it with a double wall after rebuilding from a fire. The city was one of the centers of the Renaissance. More than 1,000 people have been killed in Croatia in the four-month battle against federal forces and ethnic Serbs opposed to secession. The federal advance up the coast has left a trail of burning houses and destroyed cars, buses and other vehicles. Beaches are wrecked; villages and medieval heart of Dubrovnik. There, about 50,000 residents and refugees have been besieged for weeks by the federal army, sometimes enduring shelling from gunboats. Saturday, European Community observers were trying to arrange evacuation for those who wanted to leave. An EC-sponsored cease-fire reached Friday left the federal army on the city limits. The forces approaching from the south were at Kupari, a resort two miles from Dubrovnik's famous walls. While Dubrovnik does not have much military importance, its capture resorts are deserted. Federal officers interviewed Satur-: day said the destruction is the result of fierce Croatian resistance. A large portion of the main Adriatic highway was mined by Croats in apparent effort to stop the offensive. But residents said troops looted what was not destroyed in the fighting. "They took everything from us TV sets, clothes, cows," a 20-year-old hairdresser from Cavtat, who would not give her name, said. With tears, she added: "When you have a gun in your hand, you can do whatever you want." Arts Chart shows how museum patrons and live arts performance and retail purchases in the 1990 budget year. Photo is of the patrons spent an estimated $19.5 million for dining, parking, lodqing Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra during a recent performance. rTroonT"! ripARKiMnn l! wnVn' !li ri RETAIL K v m i -i I V Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra $2,043,246 $279,959 $260,416 $180,618 I $2 764 238 Playhouse In the Park 1,085,810 148,774 138,389 95,983 1,468,956 Cincinnati Ballet 615,310 84,308 78,422 54 392 83T43I " Cincinnati Opera 249,038 34,122 31,740 22,014 336915 May Festival 173,552 23,779 22,120 I5j4g 234J92 I wsmmtm Cincinnati Art Museum $1,363,146 $79,664 $4,252,532 I $1 .237.011 I $6,932 354 Contemporary Arts Center 1,145,760 66,960 3,574,364 1,039740 5 826 824 TaftMuseum 218,852 12,790 j 682,742 I 198,602 wQRfi I "arc l imn GSSS G5SBIES About the study The Cincinnati Institute of Fine Arts hired the Greater Cincinnati Center for Economic Education at the University of Cincinnati to study how its eight member arts groups affect Cincinnati's economy. The UC center studied the period from Aug. 31 , 1 990, to Aug. 31, 1991. Combined, the eight groups made a $102 million impact on the economy in the eight counties that make up Greater Cincinnati. Performing arts groups made the bigger total impact, $58.2 million. The organizations and their dollar Impact: Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra, $31.1 million. Playhouse in the Park, $11.5 million. Cincinnati Ballet, $8.5 million. Cincinnati Opera, $5.3 million. May Festival, $1.8 million. Art museums contributed an additional $43.6 million: Cincinnati Art Museum, $26.2 million. Contemporary Arts Center, $13.6 million. Taft Museum, $3.8 million. Only these organizations and their patrons were analyzed for the study. The figures don't equal $102 million because of rounding. 1. v CONTINUED FROM PAGE A-1 By late in the week, they had not yet analyzed a 78-page summary of the report or discussed its findings with their seven-member committee. The study, "The Economic Impact of the Arts," was compiled as a first step in developing financing to support local arts through the 1990s. But the findings do point to what the arts community is doing right and what it could do better: The good news: The major arts groups combined have almost as much economic muscle as the Cincinnati Reds team, with its $133 million annual impact; and more muscle than the Cincinnati Bengals at $53 million, the Cincinnati Zoo at $36 million and the ATP tennis event at $10.6 million. Downtown Cincinnati gains the most from arts patrons who travel from out of town. About 44 of performance (or "live") out-of-town patrons dine downtown, and 67 rent hotel rooms there. For art museums patrons, 46 eat downtown and 52 stay there. Arts groups have a strong base among traditional supporters. Of 681 arts patrons questioned, more than two-thirds were between the ages of 30 and 64 and more than 90 had at least some college education. About 53 of those who attended live arts earned at least $45,000; about 40 of those who attended museums earned that much. Quality of life, which is enhanced by the arts, has become an important tool for attracting companies and employees. The study implies, but does not quantify, that A Source: The Greater Cincinnati Center for Economic Education ol The University ol Cincinnati The Cincinnati EnquirerRob Schuster nati Art Museum's attendance has been hurt by a renovation that closed much of its gallery space. The Contemporary Arts Center is still repairing its relationship with donors, damaged during its controversial Robert Mapplethorpe exhibit last year. As of Aug. 31, the end of their 1991 fiscal years, the eight members of the arts institute showed a combined budget deficit of about $2 million, according to the institute. Other cities have waited for a major crisis to launch such efforts. "Many other communities our size are just now taking a look at these subjects," LeBlond said. K strong arts build business in Cincinnati. The potential problem areas: Arts groups are not drawing many non-traditional patrons that is, younger, less educated, less wealthy, non-white. Performing arts are not bringing in many out-of-town patrons the ones who stay in hotels, eat in restaurants, shop at retail stores and, basically, spend more money in the community than in-town patrons. Only about 14 of the audience for live arts comes from out of town, vs. 47 for museum arts. The survey of live-performance patrons has a sampling error of plus or minus 5 percentage points. planned $93 million center now that they have data about how much of their business is related to arts. The facility is scheduled to open in 1995. The Fine Arts Fund. The fund, administered by the institute that commissioned the study, could use the findings in February as it begins its annual donations drive. Shorter term, LeBlond and Joseph will use the findings to draft recommendations for funding local arts through this decade. They expect that report to be ready by April or May. Arts groups can use the help. The Cincinnati Ballet and Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra are operating in the red. The The survey of museum patrons has a sampling error of plus or minus 6 percentage points. One solution may be more targeted marketing, Joseph said. In some cases, he said, the data may cause arts groups to ask: "Has the marketing been satisfactory?" The more positive findings of the report, meanwhile, may provide ammunition for arts fund raising, the co-chairmen agreed. While the study was commissioned strictly to gather data and not to forward the agenda of any individual group it could help: The Ohio Center for the Arts. Downtown business owners may put more support behind the

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