The Cincinnati Enquirer from Cincinnati, Ohio on October 24, 1991 · Page 4
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October 24, 1991

A Publisher Extra Newspaper

The Cincinnati Enquirer from Cincinnati, Ohio · Page 4

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Cincinnati, Ohio
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Thursday, October 24, 1991
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Page 4
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A-4World THE CINCINNATI ENQUIRER Thursday, October 24, 1991 TC Violence is pushing Zaire to brink of civil war, radio warns THE ASSOCIATED PRESS National radio warned that Zaire was on the brink of civil war, with fighting among factions, and "only a spark is needed to set the country on fire." Mobutu on Monday fired Etienne Tshi-sekedi, an archrival who he was forced to appoint after riots broke out Sept. 23 in Kinshasa, the capital, and Belgium and France intervened with paratroopers. Mobutu asked the opposition to name another candidate. They met Tuesday and renominated Tshisekedi. So Mobutu named his own choice, Bernardin Mungul-Diaka, a former Cabinet minister who fled the country in 1980 and now heads a small opposition party. Belgian troops on Tuesday and Wednesday evacuated 1,000 foreigners from the country as pitched battles were reported in Lubumbashi, a mining city of 450,000 people in Shaba Province, about 1,100 miles from the capital, Kinshasa. Witnesses said whole sections of Lubumbashi were in flames. Zaire radio reported "many deaths." Widespread looting was reported there and elsewhere. The State Department in Washington urged Americans in Shaba Province to leave at once. Spokesman Richard Boucher said only about 425 Americans were in all of Zaire, including 50 diplomats and other U.S. government personnel. Mobutu's foes said he was fomenting chaos to justify imposing a military government, as he did when he took power in 1965 after hundreds of thousands of deaths in civil strife. Unrest has wracked this central African nation of 35 million people for a month now, and state radio Wednesday suggested that a military government was needed. Mungul-Diaka, 57, was a Mobutu follower from Zairian independence in 1960 until he fell from favor in 1980. KINSHASA, Zaire Rival anti-government groups battled each other and supporters of President Mobutu Sese Seko in a southeastern Zairean city Wednesday, leaving many dead and whole neighborhoods in flames, witnesses said. Mobutu, meanwhile, attempted to name a minor opposition figure as his prime minister, but there was no indication the opposition would accept his choice. A FRIDAY THRU SUNDAY 3 DAY SALE! ' 'a.-, c-"X b, " ' v $99 "The best." "The best." "The best." Cincinnati Magazine said it: "Best food with history." "Best Sunday dinner." "Best regional American." Grace us with your presence. (513) 621-8373. Your Choice llltIllll! Genuine Gemstone Bracelets Save $76! Choose your favorite from 4 styles. All with multi-colored gemstones and set in 18K gold over sterling silver, reg. $175 ea. Plus: 40 Off All 18K Gold Over Sterling Silver Jewelry S9,o1o00-00' $60-$177 Sale priced through October 26th. McAlpin's fine jewelry (dept. 587), all stores except Middletown Towne Mall. amp umb p Lebanon, 0 Est (803 The Associated Press 7 Prince Norodom Sihanouk, president of Cambodia's Supreme National Council, beams before signing peace treaty Wednesday. Cambodia treaty lifts peace hopes ThoMAs E. McEiRoy Furs An Exclusive Trunk Sale Accord highlights : THE ASSOCIATED PRESS PARIS Cambodia's warring factions and representatives of 18 other nations signed a peace treaty Wednesday with hopes that a U.N.-supervised transition to free elections will end half a century of bloodshed in Southeast Asia. "A dark page of history has been turned," said President Francois Mitterrand of France. "Cambodia is about to resume its place in the world." Peace was still far from a certainty. Frequent truce violations have been reported, and the 18-month transitional government run by the United Nations will represent the most ambitious peacekeeping task ever taken on by the world body. Secretary of State James Baker scathingly condemned the Khmer Rouge shortly before signing the peace treaty, which will give that guerrilla faction a share of power. He said the world had not forgotten the bloodbath during their rule from 1975 to 1978. Hours before the ceremony began, the non-communist Khmer People's National Liberation Front accused Phnom Penh government forces of shelling positions in northwestern Cambodia. Under the treaty, the Hun Sen government, the Khmer Rouge and two non-Communist guerrilla groups will represent Cambodia through the Supreme National Council, while the United Nations effectively runs the country while it organizes elections. The United Nations is also charged with demobilizing 70 of the fighting forces and repatriating 350,000 refugees. Baker announced normalization of U.S. economic relations with Cambodia and the intention to normalize diplomatic ties with Cambodia, Vietnam and Laos. The main points of the peace settlement signed Wednesday: Administration: The United Nations will take over key administrative tasks of the Cambodian government as it works with the Supreme National Council, which includes representatives from the Cambodian factions. Elections: The U.N. administration will help organize free elections in early 1993 to elect a constitutional assembly charged with drafting a new national charter guaranteeing human rights. Cease-fire: A ceasefire is already in place. The three main guerrilla factions and government troops will now withdraw to respective zones and put their arms in storage. Under U.N. supervision, 70 of their effective forces will be demobilized. Foreign military support will halt. Refugees: The U.N. administration and the U.N. High Commission for Human Rights will oversee the return of 350,000 refugees from camps along the Thai border. Reconstruction: The signatories of the treaty commit themselves to f i- . nancially supporting the reconstruction of the war-torn country. THE ASSOCIATED PRESS m0iy f a. I . fit 16 I i i i l !'J ji ji ? v I I . ii n U 1 i. Ukraine seeks talks for joint command Republics would control nuclear arsenal : It Mikhail Gorbachev. There were reports the second strongest republic also claimed control over nuclear weapons on its territory, but Ukrainian officials denied that and said the Ukraine's goal still was to become a nuclear-free zone. Lobov's remarks to the army daily Krasnaya Zvezda drew immediate criticism from the Ukraine and highlighted the possibility of nuclear proliferation as the former Soviet Union divides into newly independent republics. After the failed coup, both U.S. President Bush and Gorbachev announced sweeping reductions in nuclear arms. The new Ukrainian defense renewed Western concerns about who is in charge of defense policy and the huge weapons stockpile7 in this vast land racked by ethnic and political tensions. ENQUIRER NEWS SERVICES MOSCOW Repeating a desire to become a nuclear-free zone despite plans for an independent army, Ukrainian leaders called Wednesday for talks with other republics on a joint command for the Soviet nuclear arsenal. Also Wednesday, Vladimir Lo-bov, chief of the Soviet armed forces general staff, said all Soviet nuclear weapons should be based in Russia, the Soviet Union's largest republic. The question where to put the Soviet nuclear arsenal arose a day after the increasingly rebellious republic claimed control of more than 1.2 million Soviet soldiers on its soil and served notice it wants a share of the navy's Black Sea fleet. It also announced plans to form its own army of nearly 500,000 men, an idea that has drawn sharp criticism from Soviet President C a l a n o s Furs Thursday, October 24 to Saturday, October 26 TIiomas E. McEIrov Furs is txciucl ro irwii e you 10 am Exclusive TrunI Sliow of CaIainos Furs. Coml ancJ sfe iIie mosi iincri dibit Furs of ilie scason. Oily McElRoy's can qivc you ilic puAliiy you cIksi rve m fANtAsiic sAviNqs. TIhomas E. McEiRoy Furs 2 7 10 ERic Ave nue HycU P a r k Square C i n c i n n at i 87N6 660 v h v 4-

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